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Hear Instruction and be Wise, and Refuse It Not." VOL. I. GOLDSBOKO, .N. C, SATUKD A 5f, JANUAKY 21, 1892. NO. 19. H r Hi M 1 T Parker & Peterson Desire to inform their friends and the pnblio that they can be found one door Treat of Ex press Ofllce, where they keep constantly on hand FRESH BEEF, MUTTON, VEGETABLES, Etc. Which they will be pleased to sell you at lowest own prices., Respectfully, FAKKEB dfc PETERSON. selO-lm MISTAKE! I wont to New York and found Dry Goods Hade Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, etc., cheap, and bought too many. They must be sold at some price. I ask too public to call and Bee what bargains they can get. HRS. MOORE Will soli tlio most fashionable MILLINERY UP STAIRS CHEAP. soi7-tf c. C. PERKINS. Ml dome here when you want School Books, Note Books, Blank Books, Bibles, etc. Every thing in the Book line at lowest prices. Different Makes oi Oj SEWING MACHINES, From $16 up. On time or for Cash. OFFICE AT TE1 Messenger Book Store. J. H. PRINCE, Agent and Proprietor. Goldsboro, N. C, Aug. 6-tf. GrO TO Oodson's Gallery, Wctet Center Street, For good Pictures of all styles. Frames, etc., for sale. Pricbs as low as the times will allow. sel7-tf J. M. DODSON, Artist. New Groceries! JV TP. DOBSON, Three Doors South of Market, . i Keeps a full stock of Groceries, Cigars, Liquors, Smoking and Chewing Tobacco. Bottled Beer Till You Can't Rest jj CALL. FUCIITLER&KERIl Manufacturers of and Dealers In PARLOR, CHAMBER AND KITCHEN FIJI II! ITU RE! o o BEDSTEADS, " CHAIRS, MATTRESSES, PICTURE FBAMES LOOKING GLASSES, and FUENITUBE OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS, -57 & 59 East Center St., GOLDSBORO, N' C. Belief for Bheumatism. WHAT CLAM FIB KB 38. This new material is a strong tough, elastio fiber, out from the pine leaf and chemicalized for Mattresses and Bedding purposes. It re tains all the curative virtues found in pure pine, which is so benefloial to those Buffering from Bhoumatism and Fever. It Generates Ozone oxygen air purifying the atmosphere of the apartment in which it is placed. It makes a comfortable, durable and elastio Mat tress, and will not break or mat down. FOR SALE BI JFUCHTLER & KERN, COLDS DO RO, N. C. SUVKJ-tt Entered at the Posloffloe at Goldsboro, N. 0., as Second-class Mailer. All communications on businoss should be addressed to Geo. T. Wassom, Editor and Pro prietor, uouiaooro, ss. u. ' ,- 1 FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD, Brittle Hoof. Among the causes which produoe brit tle hoofs in horses and cattle, the National Live Stock Jmtrnal mentions the frequent standing in rotting dungheaps or in dooIs of decomposing liquid manure. In the dung heap there is not only the moisture and steam soaking and soften ing the hoof, but there is abundance of ammonia can, which is especially cal culated to soften, dissolve and destroy the horn. Standing in such decompos ing organic matter is still more injuri ous when the animal is confined to a box or stall, for here the injurious effect of inactivity is added to the other condi tions. To Keep Very Winded Places Clean. Especially in the front yards of dwell ings, both in town and country, which are much shaded, we often see the ground completely bare, not a living thing being perceptible. Sometimes there are many nearly nude, straggling limbs lying upon the ground or very near it, which are unsightly and every way worthless, that ought to be cut awav. This would cive room for the growing there of some plant or vine that would be adapted to it, and which would not only recover the naked spot and make it a "living green," but would be adding very muoh to the general appear ance of the premises. The best vine for this tmrnosa is undoubtedlv the tteri winkle. It will grow almost anywhere in tha shade if the proper attontion is sriven to it but not otherwise. It is a beautiful vine and will densely cover the ground, producing nearly the whole season a very pretty blue flower, weeds, however, are its deadly enemies. It cannot fight them. Steadily they will encroach until they drive away our favor ite and occupy the field of battle. A little help now and then, however, will defeat the common enemy and allow us to enjoy the cool-looking, popular ever green for many years without renewal. Uermantown Telegraph. Healtby Home for Animnls. Horses, sheep, dogs and the higher animala in general have vital systems exactly like those of man, and seemingly as sensitive too. A dose or any paitiou lar poison is just as fatal to a large dog as to a man of similar weight,and poisons that are breathed in by the lungs of a horse find their way just as quickly to the blood as they would if inhaled by man, woman or child, while bad food is just as mischievous in its effects upon the health of animals as of humans. The inmates of stables and sheds need light and ventilation fully as much as the denizens of our handsomest houses. And yet thousands of horses, upon whose work men and families depend for their livelihood, are stabled in close, dark, filthy inolosures, while cows, of whose lives thousands of children are partakers in the most literal sense, fare far worse in all that pertains to health. It is be lieved by many careful observers that animals are as sensitive as man even to malarious influences. Certain it is that in malarious regions the horses and cattle are always thin, bony and spirit less. Epidemics that are not infections never appear without good reason, and the frequency with which they affect animals should inform cmers of living property that it is expensive as well as stupid to give improper food and un clean noosing. Mineral Manarea. J. B. Lawes, of ' Rothmasted, St. Albans, writes as follows in the Country (gentleman ; ; Among our experiments upon permanent pasturo we have also results proving that the . lnfluenoe of mineral manures is competent to pro duce large crops of hay for twenty five years in succession. With these facta before me I can quite understand why corn grown on the various experi ments recorded by Professor Atwater has been benefited more by mineral than by nitrogenous manures ; but I hardly think that I could agree with him in classing com among the renovat ing crops. Still I think the United States farmer will be wise in using phos phates for the growth of corn so long as they continue to give him a good crop, and at all events, if they fail to do this they will remain la the soil and can at any tirao be made available or vegetationjby the use of some nitrogenous manure, whereas an application of ammonia or nitrates is irretrievably lost if not taken up by the growing crop. It will, I think, be generally found that the benefloial influence of mineral ma nures, and more especially of phosphate of lime, bears some relation to the period when the seed is sown, and tint when active growth commences the nearer these periods are together the greater will bo the influence oi the minerals. It is the practice among our farmers to apply nitrate of soda alone, in March and April, to wheat sown in the' previous autumn ; during the autumn and winter the wheat has time to extend its roots sufloiently to obtain the requisite quantity of mineral food. In growing barley, after a previous cereal crop, phosphates are generally used with ammonia and nitrates ; with root crops phosphates are often used without nitrogen. We have in our root crops a seed sown at about the same time as corn in the United States. Both crops also terminate, their active growth at about the same time in the autumn and both are equally benefited by phosphate of lime. At Rothamsted, on the land under a rotation-experiment of turnips, barley beans or clover, and wheat, whioh has received no nitrogen for thirty years, the last turnip crop, manured with mineral superphosphate of lime, weighed eleven tons per acre and contained twenty-seven pounds of nitrogen. If our soil, after the removal of every particle of produce grown upon it during this long period, still yields so large a crop, snrely we may expeot that, upon the more fertile soil of the states, greatly increased crops of corn may oe ooiainea oj me same manures. Recipes. J ohnkxo axjs. One cup sweet milk, one cup wheat flour, one and one-balf cups corn meal, one tablespoonful sugar, one egg, butter half the size of an egg, one teaspoonful cream tartar, one-half a teaspoonful soda, a little salt. Bake in a tin about four inches by eight inches. Ladies' Fingers. Take one pound of pulverized sugar, one dozen eggs, three qnarters of a pound of flour. Beat the yolks and sugar to a cream, then beat the whites, and lastly stir in the. flour ; flavor with lemon. Bake in long, small tins, made expressly for these little cakes, or you may drop them ou white writing paper; they are likely in this case, however, to look irregular about the edge Be careful not to put too much dough in the tin as it will rise a good deal.. Have the oven hot and success is certain. How to Jjodj Iuoe. Few cooks seem to know how to prepare this article of food properly, so a hint or two will not be out of place here. The rice must be carefully picked over, and then washed in cold water until it is free from all the loose starch whioh may adhere to it, or until the water looks clear. Then dry it. It can be put in a flour sieve for this purpose. In placing it over the fire, use three pints of water to a cup of rice and a teaspoonful of salt The water must be boiling before the rice is added. Boil precisely twelve minutes, and then pour off the water. Then; plaoe the saucepan with the rice on the back part of the stove, where it will keep warm without burning for ten minutes longer, with the cover partly removed. In this way it is not soggy, or too soft, and every grain is cooked separately by itself. After being cooked, if left covered, it will soften and the grains will burst open in their delicate tenderness. The Carnage at Fredericksburg. ' : . " I was sergeant of a gun whioh was- stationed just there," said an ex-Confederate to me as we faced the height " We did not believe the , federals would charge the hill, and when they came the second time we cheered them. Such bravery I never' saw on a battle field. Some of the men who were hit way down the street hobbled and limped forward, and were struck down within one hundred feet of the wall. This road was the worst spectacle of the whole war; Our artillery created hor rible slaughter pn the heavy lines of, men at such close range. That tree down there at the corner of the garden 1 stood in an open field then, and just beyond it was a slight swell. . As Sum ner s troops came over that swell in their second charge, I fired into the lines just to the right of the tree, and the shell kttldd or wounded nearly every man in one company. I saw grape and canister open lanes through the ranks, and yet the blue lines closed up again and dashed at the base of the hill. We thought they were madmen. "Down where the old shed stands I saw a curious thing that day. ' ' When Sumner was driven back the second time a single Federal soldier was left on his feet among the dead there. In stead of falling back with the rest he stood there and loaded and fired as coolly as if at target practice. He wounded one man in my company, killed a corporal farther up the hill, and shot ft lieutenant there where the wall curves. He fired as many as six shots, being fired at in return by 'a thou sand men; but, as he turned and walked away, onr men ceased firing and gave him cheer after' cheer. rif. Quad. No man knows what a ministering angel his wife is until he comes home one day, suffering with a dreadful cold, and she happens to have j a bottle of Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup in the house. 1 POPULAR SCIENCE. As we ascend from the earth the air grows thinner and thinner. From this fact astronomers believe that the limit of the atmosphere is 200 miles from the earth's surface. In Alpine regions there are more nar row, partly-closed flowers than else where,' and a greater proportion of long tongue insects, the flora seeming to be exactly adapted to the insects feeding on its honey. Professor Osborne Beynolds has been trying to discover why, under certain circumstances, drops of water may be seen floating for some time on the sur face of pools during a shower before they disappear. He believes that his experiments proved that the suspension depends only on the purity of the sur face of the water, and not at all on the temperature or condition of the air. The results of the experiments of Dr. Lacerdo Filho on the poison of the rat tlesnake are : 1. The poison acts upon the blood by destroying the red corpus cles, and by changing the physical and chemical quality of the plasma. 2. The poison contains some mobile bodies, similar to the mioroceocus of putrefac tion. 3. The blood of an animal killed by a snake's bite, when inoculated to another animal of the same size and species, causes the death of the latter within a few hours, under the same symptoms and the same changes oi the blood. 4. The ppison can be dried and preserved for a long time without losing its speciflo quality. 5. Alcohol is the best antidote for the poison yet known. Frozen salmon have been imported in excellent condition in London from the Hudson Bay settlements. The vessel was fitted with one of the patent dry air refrigerators, invented by Mr. S. I. Coleman, and manufactured by some Glasgow company. The hold was made air-tight and lined with a non-conduot-ing substance. As soon as the fish wen caught, they were deposited in the hold at the rate of about three tons a day, until the compartment, holding thirty-five tons, was filled. The tem perature at whioh the fish was kept during the voyage was between 20 degrees and 22 degrees Fahrenheit. This successful experiment is an important one for the fish industry in tho United States. Well Paid for His Greed. In the Alexander Platz, in Berlin, there is a house which is known a the "House of the Ninety-nine Slu-eps' Heads," Jt is said that Frederick the Great, once upon a time, having heard muoh good of some one who had lived in the Landsbergstrasse, of his royal clemency bestowed a gift of a fine house on the person. Whereupon a neighbor who lived round the oorner in the Alex ander Platz, was so filled with envy that he could not sleep for sheer longing after a like mark of the royal favor. Not that he had need of it he was rich; the honor , of the thing was what his heait was. set on. ' So he began to give large 1 sums of money to the poor, and to take a leading part in useful and benevolent enterprises. And to be sure, the king hearing of this noble character, sent for the man and told him to ask a favor. So he begged to have a house. And before many months had come and gone the house was built, the happy proprietor had taken possession si it. let even then he was not happy. The statues on the roof of his neighbor's house made him so envious that he could not sleep for thinking about them. Now, as it happened, old Fritz riding that way one day, stopped his horse and asked the man how he liked his house. He said he liked it hugely,' bat there was one thing. If his majesty would only deign to give him some figures like his neighbor's. "Yes surely," said the king, "yon shall have figures," and rode on. And the king ordered ninety-nine sheep's heads in freestone to be set up on the house (about fifteen are said to be to the front). The next time that the king rode that way the man in fear and trembling made comp'aints of his neighbors, who were so ill-natured as to think that there was an allusion to the proprietor in these sculptures. "But you nave, got waat you want ed," said the king. ' " Oh, certainly, your majesty," said the man. " Bat the sheeps' heads, you know I" "Well, to be sure, there are only ninety-nine," returned the king; "but if you want a round number you have just to pat your head out at the win dow. Good-day !" " ' . ; And the king rode on. A vessel recently carried scientifically frozen ' fresh: neat, fresh eggs, and everything else, all the way fronv Aus tralia to London in perfect condition. ' Some i idea of the magnitude of the railroad interest in this country can be had from the fact that 860,000 people are employed in its service. Cutting Cameo Portraits. "Yes," said a cameo-outter to a New York Tribune reporter reoently, " the demand for the old style of cameo jewelry is decreasing rapidly, bat the) demand for good portrait cameos is increasing just as fast. It is the general impression that no good cameo portraits are out in this country, but that they all come from Paris. As far as I know there are no portrait cutters in this country ontside of New Tork. There is one cutter of cheap cameos in Boston, but they send to New York for all the portraits they have orders for." " Are there first-class portrait cutters in this city?" " Well, I claim that there is ono, at least, here. I huve made cameo por traits of Garfield, A. T. Stewart, ex President Hayes, tho late Senator Morton, of Indiana, Mis. Scott Siddons and many other prominent men and women, and here are loiters from Mr. Hayes and Mrs. Garfield praising the portraits highly. A galvano-plastio copy of the Garfield cameo I sold for $50 to a sculptor, who had an order to make a marble bas-relief of the late President. The original cameo portrait was bought by a jeweler and set in a broad, gold setting, in which thirty eight larger gems were set ; thirty-four diamonds olose to the cameo,two rubies above aud two below and two emeralds on each side, without the row of dia monds. This copy of the well-known picture, " Cleopatra before Csosar," I value at $1,000. It is, as you Bee, an oval, three and one-half inches long and two and one-half wide. The oost of the -i- - L J J t LL1 Bwue ueioro it was ureaauu xur uuiiuiig was $75. I worked on it at frequent intervals for three years." "Do you make your portraits from -' life or from photographs?" "I start them from photographs, as it would be too tedious to do that from life, and finish them in a few sittings from life, it being impossible to get a natural, life-like expression from a photograph. Yes, nearly all the por traits are ordered for making up into jewelry, brooches boing the most com mon; and sleeve-buttons, next. These are two portraits of a little boy and girl, whose father wants a portrait of one of them on each of his sleeve-buttons." "Where do the best cameo stones come from now ?" "They all come from Brazil ; they are taken to Germany, where they are dressed ready for cutting, and then taken to Paris, which is the only market lor them, as most of the cutters are there." "What is the process of cutting?" " It is done by a lathe, worked by a treadle, with those detachable book and diamond dust. The tools are of three kinds for cutting, for grind ing and for smoothing. These detach able tools are tapering iron bars, on the small ends of which are fastened wheels of soft porous iron, to hold the ' diamond dust better than the steel would. These wheels vary in size from an inch in diameter to such ones as . this (holding up one), which an untrained eye cannot see. For cutting the wheels have sharp edges J for grind ing they are blunt-edged, while for smoothing the wheel becomes cone. The diamond dust, whioh, mixed with oil and rubbed on the tools, does the cutting, is prepared thus: Here is a cast-steel mortar and a pestle of the same material that fits this deep mortar ' closely ; into the deep mortar I pat a few diamond fragments and a drop of oil, insert the steel pestle, and pound vigorously with this hammer. There is the dust ready for use. I make it myself, as it must be of different ., degrees of fineness for different stages of the cutting." The Boar's Head. It was in the olden time when Baron ." Bowdedow held possession of all the German provinces that a grand Christmas dinner was prepared for all his retain ers, and the great event of the day was to be the bringing in of the boar's head, which dainty dish was to grace the oenttr of the table. But it so happened that the chief cook fell ill, and his plaoe ' was fille t by a young Milesian, and he it was that stood by the chief door when Baron Bowdedow called forth in a stentorian voice : "Hence, knave, and bringst unto us the boar's head." And he of Ireland wot not what was meant, because in his isle a pig was a pig. Yet ho bethought himself, and ' went forth, and returning, sat before Baron Bowdedow the head of a book agent who had devested the baron's domains with a book sold only on sub Bcription, of whioh there were 099 parts and an index. And the Milesian said, "Here, sur, is yer bore's head." And the baron and his retainers did laugh a laugh of great or, and, suoh a Christmas was there never before held in those parts. Der rick. - ' " "Laying down the law" The juJge on the point of resigning.