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THE SEM1-WEEKLV MESSENGEKi FK1DA V, JULY 2.. lbUJ
4J V Battered at the Poatofflce at Wllmlnx tan. N. C, as second class mall matter. iKKMS Oi' atBSCttimti. THE DAILY MESSENGER, by mail. one year, $7.00; six months, 33.50; three Btonths, $175; one month, SO cents. THE SEMI-WEEKLY MESSENGER two 8 pas papers), by malL one year, LO0; six months, 60 cents. In advance. WILMINGTON. N. C. FRIDAY, JULY 21, 1899. SUGGESTED BY A FBIENDLY AH TlCLElNIUCliinOND DWPATtU, - General Bradley T. Johnson, of Mary land, married at Raleigh, a daughter of the late Judge It. M. aunders. He Ss friendly to North Carolina and her people. In The Richmond IMspatch of the 18th instant, he writes more than a three-auaTter column upon this state It is based upon the publication of the txmrd of agriculture. He is charmed and astonished at the revelations made It Is a fair and Interesting review of a publication of merit. General Johnson lias some knowledge of our people who jare the most hospitable of all peoples a.nd has some insight Into the real char acter that underlies the North Carolina anan. What he calls the North Caro lina "peculiarities and idiosgncraseis art rfniiv not unlike those of other states. They love their native state, be lleve in themselves and know that they are as good every way as their more .pretentious and (boastful neignoors. They are true, honest, faithful, love liberty with undying tenacity and Bin cerity, and are not afraid of the same : number of men wherever born. They are ndt altogether as well educated as they should be, and are not enough interested as yet in education, but they are advancing. There is unfortunately a lack of unanimity in the matter even among the professed friends of edu cation, some mean Jealousies, some un proper antagonisms made so by nar row, ambitious and selfish leaders of a .peculiar type. But there is progress and the $100,000 extra voted by the late democratic legislature for popular ed ucation is a forerunner of yet larger and more commanding appropriations. "He is bravest among the brave, chivalrous as any knight who ever couched lance, and is today as ready to lead in defence of honor, justice, liber ty and right as when he declared in dependence on May 20, 1775, or fought at Alamance May 12, 1771. In 1861 her " military population was 115,369, and she furnished 125,000 men to the confeder ate army. Of them 14,522 died in bat tle, or of wounds, and 20,602 died of disease. Total, 35,124; that is, nearly one-third of her men of military age rgave their lives for the cause they lov ed so well." Let us repeat here what has been sev- ;eral times stated in The Messenger, for " is line upon line in the matter of teaching figures and facts. The vote, we believe, in 1860, for governor was :112,500. That was the last election held in Jthe state before the war. The North Carolina Roster, which Governor Vance caused to be prepared during the prog ress of the war, and has been published in several octavo volumes, show over 131,000 names. There are some errors to foe found slcaused by transferring .men from different arms of the ser vice from cavalry to infantry, or from :infantry to artillery, or the opposite. 'We believe that after deducting all mis ttakes, there were at least 126,000 men .in the armies, and possibly two or tnTee tnousana more, it is saie to put the, strength at 126,000. The United States Records of the War, published at Washington by act of the congress, and lyingly called "The Records of th? Rebellion" an insult without palliation or any basis in truth 'show that over 41,000 North Carolina soldiers perished In the great war In defence of liberty and second Independence. General Johnson finds North Caro linians great doers. He thinks North Carolinians have had no distinction in oratory or as writers. Well, we think some of the North Carolina speakers j Ihave been successes. Benton used to hold his own in the senate; Badger is placed by a very distinguished New England senator in a book published within three years as deserving the eery first rank among the greatest .American senators. He was the best speaker we ever heard make a speech when at his best, and we have heard Clay and Webster and other famous men. He was a man of genius. Other natives have been much distinguished. ' Over this side of the line we have ' thought Vance a great success as a popular speaker. Senator Tipton told us that he was the very best political speaker he had heard in twenty years since he last heard Tom Cot win, of 1 Ohio and added that Vanw resembled ,4;he great orator more than any one e he had heard speak. We might -cite in pulpit oratory some splendid successes Lovick Pierce,' Tom Lowe (the greatest of our "national orators," ' anda genuine Patrick Henry in the pul- '"pit. He and Pierce are natives of the ame county Halifax.) "General Johnson regards Vance as a T'ereat coventor." having "had no equal, rorth or south, am.-ng the gov ernors of states." He tells of his ser vices in the war his wislom, forecast, ability. He adds: "This volume oe fore me is another proof of the extra ordinary capacity of knowing what. to do, and doing It." He mentions also that in 1895 North Carolina "stood second as a tobacco Sill A if producing state, and first in the value of her tobacco crop. The crop in that year was: Kentucky, 179,550,000 pounds, value $9,526,909; North Carolina, 114,525,- 000 pounds, value $10,536,300; Virginia, 53,432,000 pounds, value H374.5G0. There are lists of 240 cotton factories; of 250 tobacco factories, and 660 miscellane ous manufactures, of every kind, with locations and postofflces." ( It has IS 4 valuable minerals and genre, and schools, colleges, asylums, public schools, etc. He corrects a sin gular error tnat shows the trend of thought now in these days of Imperial istic conceptions and expansive de mands. Consolidation, contralizatlon, a great overshadowing nation is the Idea General Johnson quotes from the book: "The will of the people of this and of eaca state, when thus expressed (in the state constitution), and In con formity to the constitution of the Unit ed States (for the will of the, people of eacn state is subordinate to the collec tive will of the people of all the states), is the supreme law." "His comment is sufficient, and the er ror should be corrected even If the leg islature had to be called to repudiate the doctrine in extra "session: "If there are such things as ghosts in North Carolina, that of Nathaniel Macon is now stamping around the cap itol at Raleigh, and making the pave ment rattle as he demands to be shown the man who says and believes that the will of all the people of all the oth- r forty-four states can deprive the hum blest North Carolinian of the right to do as he pleases, unless forbidden by a law of his own making." We live at a time of usurpation and aggression on the part of the federal Judiciary a matter that Is exciting grave consideration.on the part of dis tinguished lawyers and yet the states still have some rights left in the final appeal. A people who love liberty as they love life will hardly surrender all at the behests of power. STILL. Git OWL I. Mi AND FLIPPING The New York Observer is an old and able Presbyterian organ that has man aged to blunder much and often when touching upon. the negro question. Re cently referring to the sensitiveness of southern people to the reports and comments of the northern papers, re ligious and secular, this paper said: "One fact which, perhaps, they miss is the point that the negro has behind him a heredity, debased through the actions of some among his white task masters, which tempts hfm terribly to day in the direction of all wrong-doing. Thereby he is-not excused for such evil conduct, but the fact renders any bru tal oppression of him by his southern superiors all the more unjustifiable." But this Is a miss-fire. Nearly every negro rapist in all southland is noc "colored" but black. But The Observer is not a fair critic at any point. It is a blind, partisan organ and will never know the facts involved in slavery and reconstruction, and enthroning the negro immediately following the war, putting him over the remnant of tne brave white men who fought the over whelming north with such splendid constancy and courage. The north should be very careful in the full light of its own history in connection with slavery and slave trading and with the unwisdom and folly and vengeful j v,of i - , . ! awuuu cunauun.u.s j uon, navmg periormea a series or sim- . not know the truth about them. This ignorance. The able editor of The ! ilar operations in Greek, on an even i administration has undertaken to in Charlotte Presbyterian Standard says: ; smaller scale, he pursues a year or j stitute and enforce a censorship of the : two of required work in the classics in j press with respect to those islands that "In the northern mind the negro's- J some college, and in the majority of i s uttetrly un-American and insolently history begins with his ownership by ; cases then turns away from Latin and ; tyrannous. It is a gross impropriety his southern master. The unnumbered ; Greek forever, to devote his attention j in a free government. Nothing like it centuries or DarDansm in Airica are forgotten as completely as his connec tion with. the New England slave ship and slave dealer. During a few gener ations of slavery in the south, the ne gro advanced socially and morally faster than he had done for several milleniums. But we are glad to see the admission that the north's own meth ods are far from ideal." He then cites a press dispatch of a week os so ago from Pana, Illinois. It. is an edifying account and well worthy of reproducing here: 'The last of the negro colony of fully 1,000 brought here by operators during the past ten months to supplant union men, departed last night on tickets furnished by Governor Tanner. All the mines are closed. "John Hicklin, a negro barber, was waited on last night and ordered to leave the city in five days. He appealed to Mayor German for protection, claim ing the lives of. himself and family in jeopardy." Here two things manifest; That 1,000 negroes Drought to Illinois were not wanted and were sent away; and that a negro barber was not allowed to live longer where he pursued his calling The beam is in the big northern eye whije it is blinking at the mote in the southern eye. The Standard auotes God's word most oppositely: "Thou, hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou soe clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye." A WISE ! tsM( OF AX l?llOIC TANT EI'! V10AI. IHATiV.t!. Some time ago we received a copy ; of an essay entitled "Shall the Classics j Have a Fair Chance." It is from the ' very scholarly pen of Professor Karl ; P. Harrington, of the chair of Latin ' in the university of North Carolina. : Receiving many pamphlets, political, ; scholastic, etc, we laid it away, and it is only within a few days that we "had : the pleasure of reading it. We found it very- enjoyable and entirely in accord with our previously formed judgment ; upon the subject so ably handled. In fact we have not read so spirited, so clever, so sensible, so unanswerable a plea for the classics in a long time. It is witty, it is sarcastic, it is acute and exhibits thorough mastery and a wide knowledge of what truly centers into classical education. We wish every ma- . terialist, every man hurried on in this ' money-making age with a consuming desire to pile -up riches arid ignore the noble training that attends, upon a thorough understanding of the great Greek and Latin writers, would give this essay of Professor Harrington a close reading. It is so suggestive, so meaty, so quotable that there Is entice ment to copy, freely if , we had the space. Its sweep and power can only be realized from a full reading of it. Mere extracts will only serve to sharp en the appetite. He proves that the classics are every whit as important as the studies In science. He answers ad mirably the objections urged by the men of science and the men of money against the time required to perfect students in the ancient languages so they will be a profit and a delight to them. It covers much ground. Is ample in Its points handled, and is a thorough replication to the enemies of Latin and Greek. He shows that a' classical edu cation so far from being a drawback on scientific studies, is really a prac tical and important aid. We make one quotation that is a non sequltur. He says "But classical teaching is not 'prac tical!' it doesn't train the young mind to observe the phenomena of the ex ternal world, and is therefore a hin drance to the scientific habit of thought. It doesn't prepare men for the mad struggle of practical life in this age even as well as the self-made man is prepared. In Germany, where a severe classical training of nine years in the gymnasia precedes a university course, such scientists es IhiBoia-Reymond have often com plained that the training for their sci entific work was still imperfect in the matter of Latin grammar, and have urged the maintenance of a full course in Greek as a requirement for the uni versity in all cases. Hofmann, the cel ebrated chemist of the . university of Berlin, has expressed his views thus: " The ideality of academical Study, the unselfish devotion to science as sci ence, the free exercise of thought both the condition and the result of this devotion recede in proportion as the classic basis, such as the gymna sium furnishes as propaedeutics for the university, is withdrawn.' " It is very certain that the classics furnish excellent mental dlsclplin. Men who have studied and mastered the noble works of antiquity that have come down to us in the most perfect of languages, the Greek, and in Latin, the language of the world-conquerers and the master-builders, have not shown any lack of capacity when they gave themselves to practical affairs or to the pursuit of science. The great defect, the great trouble in American educa tion, is that far too little time is given to the study of the classics. We men tioned an educated Irish baronet who lived and died in Granville who could quote any of Virgil's works at will and with wonderful beaty of pronuncia tion. He said he had not had a copy of Virgil in his hands for forty years. We told of an English gentleman we knew well in 1873, an alumnus of Cam bridge university, England, who could repeat any Ode in Horace. A man to get real benefit from the classics must learn them thoroughly, just as a man cannot be truly scientific until he nias-- ters science. A mere smattering, the ; merest superficiality in either science or classics amounts to but little. Well and strongly does Professor Harring ton press it home that hard work is essential in the study of the classics. This is richly worth reading: After finishing them, sandwiching in a short course in Roman history and tavpiix QTYTof,aiTiy Ctq Atts ' a Pitiful smattering of Latin composi- j to a multiplicity of other subjects, Even such a hasty and careless course has doubtless been profitable in many ways; but what wonder if it has failed to give the student a masterly ac quaintance with the matchless civili zation and culture of Athens and Rome? Where is the reason in spend ing year after year in repeated drill upon the elementary principles of arithmetic and one's native tongue, and then imagining that a complex language far more alien to an Ameri can boy's natural mental processes can be successfully handled in half the same length of time? It is a most en couraging beginning that has been made in the public schools of Chicago, where a six years' course in Latin is reported as- working very well, and with advantage to other subjects of study. A preparatory course of not less than six years should become universal i at no distant day. : Educate the boys. That means iAt a m a T ! 1 I 1 prs and tnistpfHR all unite to this end ! -NT,,fv,5 ei,f e v,? win t- j j best results-the surest ood to the - greatest numoer oi stuaenis. BUKVITI' -rw tjk c? TTnif ctot.c rc Dr. Robert Stein, United States, geo- detic survey, is to start for a North Polar expedition thte week. The nartv hope to land at Cape Sabine, near the camp where Greeley's expedition passed so disastrous a winter. From there they wiU make their way to the ex treme known part of the northern coast of Ellsmere Land. It is the talk that polygamy will b pushed to the point -as an issue. Hon. S. Wilson, representative from tnem Decome gooa classic nu.ai ; UnUed states is not the kaiser, to de first. Let pupils and parents and teach- cree suppression of free soeech. or free the Fourth District in South Carolina, j without a greatly increased force, tells The Washington Post, republican i 1 "We think' the tenacity of the Phil gold expansionist, that "South- Carolina S fPPino "J?.1"13 b!n underestlmat . . . , , tu 4. ' ed and that the statements are an. is lor Bryan first, last and all the tinte. j foUndc 1 that volunteers are willing to Of this there is no doubt. Nobody else engage in further s'erviceV" is thought of down our way in connec- tion with the presidential nomination." "rest denl of fAreie-n rinital U bTe"X ieaJ of foreisn capital is coming- into South Carolina, and cot- ton mills pay well, some as high as 30 Beware of London made jam. There were fourteen tons of rotten fruit de stroyed in the boiling room of Sir Thomas Lipton's factory. And yet the best jam we ever saw was made by an other factory in that city. Bryan will go to the Chicago meet ing. Mayor Harrison, of Chicago, will support Bryan' in 1900, but expects U be a candidate himself in 1904 a long time off for, an aspirant. A dog with four legs has hlttea Kip- ling on ; the thumb and he carries his arm in a sling. Look out for hydropho bia. If he were in North, Carolina he could find relief In the famous Person county mad-stone. What has become of David B. Hill? Is he still In his cave? No free people can tolerate a ma acled press. The right to think and to print what you think must be preserv ed intact. That class of censors who would suppress free printing Is the class to usurp power, to invade the rights of freemen and to overthrow re publican Institutions. If they can put a muzzle upon the press in a republic by any process they will have taken a great stride towards despotic power. The press is the real hope and defence of any people, whether in a republic or a limited monarchy. So long as the press is free. Independent, brave for the right, true to honest convictions and unsubsidized the peoples' rights and liberties will never be lost without a great struggle. To copy a recent clos ing paragraph to an editorial that "got mixed," we reproduce it here as It was written: "Fidelity to the people, the constitution, the state, the best con victions of manhood will in the end win the approval of conscience and the plaudits' of the virtuous and the true. To endure, to be 'true-fixed 'and with resting quairty, will bring their own great -and comforting reward. An in dependent, faithful, unswerving, en lightened press is the great bulwark of the people, the conservator of liberty itself." GOVERNMENT WI1 HHOLDING For some months It has 'been sus pected that the republican government at Washington Was dealing falsely and unjustly with this country. It has been Imitating the very bad example of the butcher Weyler dn severely "doctoring" war news and in gaining important victories on paper, while suppressing all adverse results. The McKinley gang knew well enough that they behaved very badly, very treach erously in the way they have conduct ed a war of invasion and attempted conquest upon 12,000,000 of people fight ing as much for liberty and Independ ence as the 2,500,000 of American "rebels" fought for liberty and inde pendence against the British crown. The revelations made in the Manila dis patches of the 17th instant, published In yesterday's Messenger, certainly "turn on the light" in a very illumi nating and satisfactory way. Ten or twelve American newspaper and press correspondents, representing several or the leading American newspapers, give a clear note of Information that will arouse the American people and that will prove a tremendous bomb in the little headquarters'" camp at Washing ton. What a stew is little McKinley in, and how his weak little fellows simmer and bob up now as the real truth is re vealed plainly. The people have no use for any phases or expressions of tyran ny even though it be a suppression of the truth in regard to gains or losses in battle. There is nothing too low or rt n rtr trt nrJrtnin- Tt pnHra h!s- tory is - marked by disingenuousness, fickleness, duplicity, incapacity and out rages. Since writing our article we have seen copied into1 The Charleston News and Courier a strong, scathing editorial in the largest, circulated cEaily dn New England, the able Boston Her ald. We give a sample of its caus ticity: "ine-tmng tnat is oest Known affairs in the Philippines ds that 'The thing that is best known about we do j exists outside of absolute monarchic and countries that make no boast of freedom and civilization. The public does not yet understand how complete ly this republican administration has adopted the machinery of imperialism, as regards the publication of news, nor what pains it has been at to procure de ception of the people concerning the actual condition of the colonial experi ment for which extraordinary taxes are exacted. Is not the postmaster general that Charles-Emory Smith who dared order posmasters t exclude from the mails Mr. Atkinson's pam phlets addressed to high officials of the navy and army in Manila? He is the same gentleman who impudently falsi fies: the record to make it appear that the present cruel war was instigated by the citizens who disgrace with the pol icy of the administration, as they have J a perfect right to do without incurring , prosecution for treason or defamation . hy their servants in office. This is not i Germany, and the pre-sident of the ! publication or obstruction of circulation through the mails, of disgraceful criti- eism. - . The statement made by men. of in : telligence who are in the scene of war asid know precisely what has occurred 'and is occurring will convince people . generally mat tne present war is a r nauch greater crime and failure than r wag supposeL make three u ; Uve, direct statements, which, they be- ueve to oe connect, rney ai worth ; yhev "ay , repealing nt?re tor tney are educating. "We believe-the dispatcher. incorrect Iv represent the existing conditions among the .fmjippines in respect to dissension and demoralization resulting from ihe American campaign and to the brigan-i character of their army. -T't believe he dispatches err in the ' dfct-iaratioo that 'the sitaalion is well ; in hand' and in the assumption that ! the insurrection can be soeedilv endf-d 1 Thai the present weak and unworthy administration will try to explain away ' the cha"ges 1S to be expected. Any . men vho win suppres3 trutn and makfc false impressions are not too good to deny facts or to lie positively to breaJfc j their force if possible. A love of truth are no; distinguishing gifts of the little Major and his tribe. The eyes of the people will be opened at last and they will understand Just how little reliance 5s to be placed In the published reports of the illboding gang at "Washington. J It, is not surprising to learn, from a dis- patch from Canton, McKrnleys own home in Ohio, that all the German so cieties in that city had adopted reso lutions condemning the president's Philippine policy and any attempted; Anglo-Saxon alliance. Translated copies are to be sent to President McKialey arid the. Ohio senators; - A fIBW CTOBK Dl QAjRf ISTAYIXn We have received from Hon. Hannis Taylor, LXtD., o? Mobile, Ala., a copy of an address delivered at New Or leans by him on the 13th of May, XS99, before the Louisiana Bar Association. It is a well printed pamphlet of, 2S pages and is published by order of the association. The subject is "A Compar ative Study of Roman and English Law in the Old World and the New." It must have been particularly interest ing to the lawyers of Louisiana. We havs not yet read it. rr. Taylor Is beyond any fair question a gentleman of distinguished abitttj, and we con fess to much pride in his success. The Mobile Register, one of the oldest southern newspapers, states that Dr. Taylor will soon undertake a new work on "International Law." Callaghan & Co., law publishers In Chicago, have Invited him "to make a restatement of the entire subject from the standpoint of the latest opinions, European aad American, including, of course, what ever may be the outcome of the confer ence now n session at The Hague. Af ter careful consideration, Mr. Taylor has agreed to undertake the task, and the result' will be a work in two dis tinct books, each with Its own Index; one to be entitled .The Origin and Growth of Public International Law,' the other, 'The Origin and Growth of Private International Law,' usually termed conflict of laws. As the manu script of the first book must be ready for the press by July, 1900, Mr. Taylor has secured the services as assistant of Mr. P. J. Hamilton, whose eminent fitness and capacity to aid in the prep aration of such work is well known in this community." Dr. Taylor's able and useful work, "The Origin and Growth of the British Constitution," is a guarantee of the faithfulness, utility and excellence of the new work he will undertake. He may possibly be too hurried in its prep aration by the urgency of his publish ers, but he will prepare, we feel confi dent, a work that will fill a space not now well occupied. The Register says that a work, backed by Mr. Taylor's wide reputation as a writer on consti tutional law, and by the strongest law publishers perhaps in this country, should certainly enjoy a great circula tion." We do not know whether his work on the British Constiution is taught at the University or the best North Carolina colleges, but it Is sought in several famous institutions of learn ing. Ex-Governor Gates, of Alabama, Is in Washington, and he reports that Al abama 1s strong for Bryan, and there ds no sign whatever of any change on the part of the democrats as to silver. The sentiment has not yet weakened. He was asked by an interviewer of The New York Times "Isnt the state pros perous now?" and got this in reply, which may apply to all states that havs mines: "Well,, in the mining section they are getting good prices for coal and iron, and the people there are do ing well. But the agricultural portions of the state cannot be said to be pros perous while four-cent cotton is the word." Governor Gates said that General Jo. Wheeler's course in going to the Phil ippines was very much regretted. The Charleston News and Courier says In effect that General Jo., having failed to secure independence .for the south, he is now gomg to deprive the Filipinos of it. The Norfolk Virginia-Pilot is disposed to make game of the fighter. It says : "Old Joe Wheeler is off for the Phil ippines, with two fine American horse Whether he will try to ride both at once, so as to undo Funston and others,, we are not told; but Otis will And him hard to hold. With 'Old Joe kickin' up behind and befo". And Aguinaldo kickin' up behine old Joe the war around Manila will "be lively, indeed, unless the rainy season put a damper' on the General's fiery spirir." The Messenger regrets to learn of the deatn of Colonel William Preston John ston, president of Tulane University. New Orleans. He was a gentleman of excellent abilities and attainments, son or the General Albert Sidney John.sron. vho died on the battlefield of Shilih. He was 67 ywars old. He was gradual ed at Yale University and was on Pres ident's. Davis'" staff in the war.. An ac count says: lie came to Washington and Le university aa professor of history and Ingush literature an 1867, and. on ac count of ill health retired in 1874, but continued to deliver lectures-on history ana science at law at the university un til 1880, having the degree of doctor of laws conferred upon him by the uni versity, lie then went to Baton Rouare. and afterward accepted the presidency or uuiane university." He published a work on his disting .. U J J . 0 uisncu itttiier, anu prepaxea . one or more excellent papers on education. He ti a. ui.au ui ingn cnaracter, a true gentleman, and his death is a distinct loss to the south. In enlightened Pennsylvania a Jeal ous suitor "biew up his rival with dyna mite. He put his explosive under 2 small house 4n which slept severa young men. He killed his rival nam ed Austin. The bloody scoundrel is named Gabriel Bishop, a society man. Education cures crime, you see? It ia now announced that the Grand uuKe oeorge, of Russia, heir aDnar ent to the throne, wa really ki-ited by We second the motion Jud of Boston, would aslc for the passage of a law to give the iash to wife hat ers. That is right, and it should be 1 wtir put n. George M. Valentine, of New Jersey is an expert thief. He has wrecked a bank at Perth lAmdoy, takicgj J123.000. He stole the money to speculate in stocks. He was tne trusted . rAshir ! Education uplifts, you see (?) Out in the grat city of Chicago there is a very had condition a to jury trials. The state attorney de clares that "it h5 become a fine art." And yet there ar people fcimpi? enough to believe in th Jury system, compos ed of twelve m-in, all being compelled to agree, with three negroes on it at ' that. j There was an increase in 189S yf 19 j per cent, in copper mining in this coun- try. A high prot-?ctive tariff is ne! " the sharks, for cutlery establishment" 1n the United States. Read this frov ' a report of the American consul at Bradford, England: "Go into any cutlerv nr n shop in Bradford and ask for shtW and you will be handed a pair barirc i a Newark or Trenton (New Jersey) im- i print. They are considered superior In 5 every way. and one of the strange l5 they must be! .uuuMeu mrougn Sheffield, which is supposed to be the rival of American cutlery manufacturers." The price of coal in this county is one-haly the price in England "We congratulate the Wilmington Messenger on Its handspme new home and wish for lis gifted aad genial edi tor manyyears of usefulesa and pros- penty. Coarlote Presbyterian Standard. 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