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TTTF Vn.MfGTO:N MESSENGER, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1900.
THE STATE UNIVERSITY
Cloe of the uuuu:-r Term A Most
Successful s--Iiii - Improvement
at the Un I v rslty :n j-,jcts Tor Next
(Correspondence of the Messenger.)
Chapel Hill, September 1.
Th summer session of the university
has just closed and its work has been
highly satisfactory to those in charge.
The attendance was 145, and the ses
sion included the school for teachers,
the regular summer term of the uni
versity and the summer law school.
The professors in charge report them
selves as specially pleased with the
thorough and faithful work done, in
spite of the very hot weather.
It may be proper here to mention
especially the work done by Professor
"Wills, of the Western Maryland col
lege, Who has had charge of the de
partment of English; Professor Nor
ton, of Harvard, who taught the classes
in psychology, and Professor Raper, of
Columbia, who had charge of the work
in history. These have all proven
themselves to be capable instructors
and have done fine work. The remain
ing classes have been conducted by the
regular corps of professors in the uni
versity. SUMMER LAW CLASS.
Judgv James C. MacRae has had
charge of this class during the summer
and has been assisted by Professor
Crawford Biggs, of Durham, who for
several years past has taught in the
law school of the university. The law
classes have been well attended, and
the instruction in this will continue
until the fall examinations before the
supreme court. With the coming ses
sion. Professor Thomas O. Puffin will
enter uin the duties to which he was
elected at the last meeting of the trus
tees. Professor Puffin has made a
fine reputation for himself in Washing
ton, and will add considerably to th
ADDITIONS TO THE FACULTY.
There have leen several additions-to
the faculty for the coming year. Dr.
Alvin S. Wheeler will be the assistant
professor of chemistry. Dr. Wheeler
has had much experience in teaching
chemistry, having been an assistant at
Harvard fur three years. He is also
a-n investigator of note. His paper pre
sented before the last meeting of the
chemical society in New York has
been very highly spoken of in scientific
journals. Dr. Wheeler has been offered
a professorship in two well known
universities since the vacation opened,
but he has decided to come to the uni
versity. His presence will add great
strength to the department of chemis
try. Francis M. Osborne has been
added to the teaching force in the
English department. Mr. Osborne is
a graduate of the university with the
degree of A. B. and A. M. With his
aid it will be posible to introduce new
mc-thods of instruction into the lower
clases of English and materially ad
vance the work in that department.
Philip Meade, who was formerly in
structor in gymnastics at Bellevue
academy, will succeed Mr. Calder in
the management of the gymnasium.
Mr. Meade is at present in New York'
taking special courses in the line of his
work for the coming session.
The Carr building which was com
pleted just before commencement adds
forty-three .rooms to tne dormitory
system of the university, This puts
the university in a very rauu.. ectier
condition for accommodating its stu
dents. The Carr building is a very
handsome structure just east of the
library, and has every modern conve
nience. It is lighted by electricity and
is heated by the furnace system. Prac
tically all of the rooms in this building
have already been engaged. The
alumni building will in a few weeks be
completed as to the exterior. This
will be one of the handsomest college
buildings in the south and stands as a
beautiful memorial of the love of the
alumni for their alma mater.
Work is progressing upon the ath
letic grounds. The field has been
nicely leveled off and is sown with
grass. The fence and grandstand will
be completed by the opening of the
session. It is a great improvement to
get this athletic field a-ay from the
buildings. The former fence was very
unsightly. The old field will still be
used for the practice gaiies, thus giv
ing two good fields for athletic exer
cises. The pharmacy department has
been added to during the year, its
laboratory facilities have been increas
ed, and it stands now with its corps of
six instructors to do most excellent
work and to be a great help to the uni
versity and to the state. Sanitation of
the town has been attended to during
the summer. A great deal of cleaning
up has been going on and much time
has been used, and as a consequence
the town has been almost free from
There has been some delay in get
ting the work upon the water works
started. In the first place, the amount
appropriated by the state has been
found altogether insufficient. This fact
Was made known to the legislature at
the time. Still the best possible use
of the money on hand is being made.
The contracts have all been given out.
The filter and engines are already on
the spot and the standpipe is ready for
shipment. The orders for the various
materials needed have been placed and
the work will be pushed to as speedy a
completion as possible. This system
will give the university a very large
supply of pure water. It is scarcely
possible to over-estimate the value of
it to the university.
PROSPECTS FOR TRE COMING
The prospects for the coming session
3900-1901, are mcst encouraging. There
have been an unusually large number
of applications for rooms, and the
correspondence throughout the sum
mer has been very heavy. While it
impossible to form any correct esti
mate until the students have been
rgistered it looks as if the entering
class would be a very large one. The
entrance examinations "will begin on
September 12th, and the registration
of the students will be a September
13th, 14th and 15th. All students are
requested to come early and register
promptly. This will be especially neces
sary if they desire good accomoda
tions. The commons hall will be open
at the beginning of the term, and will
be- ready to accommodate any number
of students at the low rate of eight
dollars a month.
Red Hot From the Gun
Was the ball that hit G. B. Steadman,
of Neward, Mich., in the Civil War. It
caused horrible Ulcers that no treat
ment helped for 20 years. Then Buck
len's Arnica Salve cured him. Cures
Cuts, Bruises, Burns, Boils, Felons,
Corns. Skin Eruptions. Best Pile cure
on earth. 25 ots. a box. Cure guarant
eed. Sold by R- It. Bellamy. Druggist.
THE CRIMINAL LIBEL CASE
Against Certain Populist Now on
Trial at Warsaw - Goldab- ro Per
(Correspondence of the Messenger.)
Goldsboro. N. C, September 1.
The libel suit wherein George E.
Butler, George II. Johnson, J. D. But
ler, C. J. Williams, D. M. Kornegay. J
f V Tl'acriirnAV TT f White. .1 "F
Fowler, Walter Moore, L. K. Taylor,
J. H. Packer, Giles Hall, C. E. Shipp,
Marion Cooper, H. J. Cooper and J.
H. Parker are the defendants is now
In progress before Justice James F.
Woodard at Warsaw. Parties just
from there report a tremendous crowd
of populists and democrats gathered
from Sampson and Duplin counties,
and while there is no excitement, In
terest is great. There exists strained
relations and a little mistake made on
either side would precipitate trouble
with serious results. The attorneys
for the defendants iwill make a deter
mined effort to stop the proceedings
in the magistrate's court, but as the
Justice has no final jurisdiction in the
action it is quite likely the matter
will be sent up to the supreme court,
which convenes at Kenansville in a
few days. The final outcome of the
affair is watched here with consider
Some days ago 1 reported the serious
illness of Lou Lane, the 10-year-old
daughter of Mr. W. I. Lane, of this
city. lYnlay, I chronicle with sadness
of heart her death. The sad event oc
curred at 2:20 o'clock this morning.
liernice King, of Clinton, returned
home this evening, having spent a day
or two in :he city visiting relatives and
Eli Epstein rises this morning to re
mark that Mrs. Epstein and himself
were delighted with their brief stay
at the Seashore hotel, Ocean View.
Mrs. S. W. Edmundson, after a
pleasant visit to her son. Evangelist
John T. Edmundson and family, at
Littleton, has returned to the city.
There were only six deaths in - the
city during the month of August as
follows: One white infant, one white
adult, two colored children and ;o
The mayor's docket during August,
and it is remembered this was the
election month, shows there were but
Last night Watchman John E. Stan
ley at the Atlantic and North Caroli
na freight yards discovered two negro
boys in box cars. The larger one of
the two had broken into a cor of
merchandise, the smaller one was
the two had broken into a car of
empty. The smaller boy was captured
but the larger one escaped even the
flying bullets from 'Watchman Stan
Misses Beaulah and Ola Fordham,
accompanied by D. O. Farrior and
wife left today on a brief visit to Jones
Joseph Isaacs returned last evening
There was quite an exciting time in
a certain back room last night when
two young bloods came to Iblows. The
bulk of the crowd flew to the open air
lest they might get into court as wit
nesses, but enogh remained behind to
hold the combatants apart a distance
sufficiently great to witness what they
might have done had they got togeth
er. The affair was a case if submis
sion this morning.
D. W. Perry, of Durham, was in town
G. D. Baxter left this evening for
Boston. Mr. Baxter has filled for some
months the position of superintendent
of the Goldesboro Electric Light and
Power Company, and by his manly
bearing has made many friends here.
This plant is now the property of the
Goldsboro Illuminating and Tranction
Company, acquired by recent purchase
and is owned and operated by home
people entirely. Mr. John Dortch who
has filled a position with the old com
pany is promoted to the position of su
perintendent a just recognition of
his experience and adaptability. The
new company starts out unler very
favorable conditions and will make
decided improvements to the plant.
Colon Blount, of Warsaw, visited the
V. A. Royal, of Sampson county,
passed through for Grifton, where he
will begin a protracted meeting.
E ":::ors King, of Kings Weekly and
Whk-harJ. ;f The Greenville Reflector,
passed throug.. en route home from
a meeting of th; i'ress Association.
Maurice W. Luicke, of Th Weekly
Graffic, Nashville, en :"J:e from
Wrightsville, home, spent u si.or; while
here today. He dropped in to see your
correspondent and spoke in pleasant
terms of his visit.
(Correspondence of the Messenger.)
Goldsboro, N. C, September 3.
Wilborne Davis, a (bright orphan
home iboy who has been working at
the iwatchmaking trade in the estab
lishment of W. P. Granger, in this
city, left today for Wilmington where
he goes to accept a position with J. T.
Burke the jeweler. Wilborne is a most
excellent boy of splendid habits and
his career (will be "watched with (inter
est by his numerous friends here, who
will ever Ibe glad to know that he is
In a short while another one of the
orphan home boys will leave us for
the "city by the sea." I refer to Tom
Tripp, who has been located in the
auditing department of the Atlantic
Coast Line at Wilmington. Tom,
also, is a splendid boy. The children
at the home and at the graded school
think there is no suoh boy as Tom
Tripp. He is a very bright boy, with
a vein of humor that is commendable
and that wiill crop out now and then
so long as Tom is Tripp. He too will
carry with, him the best wishes of our
people. Bright 'boys of good charac
ter never like for friends and are al
ways in demand.
The negro Issac Harriss, who at
tempted an assault upon Mrs. Emma
Suggs, daughter of Ex-Sheriff Grant
at her home in ,ureen county some
weeks ago. was tried at Snow Hill last
week, convicted and sentenced by
Judge Moore to a la-year term in the
penitentiary. Due publicity, was given
tr thp. Affair at the time. There was
strong tinfclination to lynch the villian.
but (better counsel prevauea. Lionel
W. T. Dortch, of this city, and Messrs.
Galloway and ATbritlon. of Snow Hill,
were attorneys for the prosecution.
Solicitor Rodolph Duffy and Judge
Fred .Moore passed through for Ke
nansville .where Duplin court convene
ed today. The (Messenger Crews-er
departed for the scene of action this
J. D. Kelley and II. Berkheimer, two
Wilmingtonians, spent a few hours In
the city yesterday.
Jacob Cohen left yesterday after
noon for the northern markets to pur
chase the fall stock for Cohen's racket
A very genteel looking fellow of
good address landed here Saturday
morning or Friday night hailing di
rectly from Wilmington. He was en
route to Raleigh and will likely get
there. He claims he had but a dollar
when he reached here and stopped
over to replenish his cash account. He
met some of the local sports in a back
room and toad a game of dice, at
which, when sober, he is an expert.
He got too much loaded with fire
water his contention and hts fire wa
tered brain put devilish things Into his
h'; 1 and he planned and did the shop
lifting act having in mind to unload
his mercantile receipts when he land
ed in -Raleigh where he wanted a
stake. He is a slick one as 4s evident
for, in broad daylight in the presence
of Mr. A. !M. Shrago and Mrs. Shrago
at Shrago establishment In Walnut
street he took unto himself two suits
of clothes and a pair of pants. Mrs.
Shrago mistook the fellow for a
drummer who was hanging around to
speak to Mr. Shrago who -was in the
rear part of the store. He visited the
store of Bizzell Bros and secured some
socks and called at T. B. Edmundson's
and took to his account a box of dress
shirts, a hat and a pair of shoes. He
was seen in Edmundson's store but no
one suspected the fellow till the box
of shirts were missed. Then officers
were put onto the fellow and ii was
found he was takhrg meals at J. D.
Daniels restaurant where he had de
posited his gatherings. He called the
second time at Edmundson's and se
curing the hat and shoes he made his
exit through the back door into the
arms of the police who were there
awaiting him. He spent Saturday
night and Sunday morning in the city
lock-up but finding he was endeavor
ing to escape he was placed in a cell
In the county jail. This morning he
was taken before Slayor Peterson to
answer to the charge of theft in two
cases. He was required to give a bond
of $100 In each case for his appearance
at September term of court and now
rests in jail. Who is he? He answers
to the name of Jet Albright. He claims
to be a native of fboth Kentucky and
Pennsylvania but that his home is in
the state of Ohio. On the flyleaf of a
book found in his pockets are written
there words. "This book belongs to
Jet Albright, home unknown, please
send to Jet Albright, "Milan, Mo., in
case of Pass." There Is also a record
of fairs and picnics for 1900 in Kan
sas and Texas. There appears also
the name of one Schloss, Wilmington,
and a large number of names all hav
ing numbers opposite at various
points, on papers found in his posses
sion. He has some correspondence
with an express agent at Chillicothe,
Ohio, in reference to certain packages
forwarded from New York. He claims
to have a broth r at Houston, Texas.
He acknowledges that he is a gambler,
but declares he was never before
guilty of stealing.
Lonnie Fulghum, the little son of A.
J. Fulghum, after a lingering illness,
passed away Saturday night.
E. H. Gaines, of Winston, visits
Miss 'Mabel Stanley went to Raleigh
today (where she enters the Baptist
Miss Rena Street left today for
school at Welmore, Ky.
Rea Parker, of Como, is visiting rel
J3. H. Griffin has returned from
Dansville, N. Y.
Alexander rWeibtb, of Raleigh, was in
Thomas W. Andrews, of the E. M.
Andrews Music and Furniture Com
pany, of Charlotte, is in the city today.
Superintendent D. A. Coble, of the
orphans home, refuses a very flatter
ing offer made him by The Philadel
phia Ledger. "Mr. Coble was on the
staff of The Ledger at one time. He
declines the offer because of his devo
tion to the home.
L. "Harvey, of Kinston, passed
R. Ulrich, of New Bern, is at Ashe
.Mrs. -Mary LIda Williams, of Faison,
spent a few hours In town shopping
N. M. Jurney, wife and boys passed
through from Carteret axdge for ait.
A Battle With FIHppInos
Washington, September 3. The war
department today received the follow
ing dispatch from General MacArthur
"Manila, September 3.
"Adjutant General, Washington.
"General Hughes reports an outbreak
on Bohol. First Lieutenant Lowack,
of Forty-fourth volunteer infantry, re
ports an engagement near Carmen,
Bohol. Our losses were: Killed one.
wounded 6lx. The enemy lost in killed
120. I have not received further de
Bohol is an island in the southern
part of the archipelago 365 miles from
Manila, lies north of the island Min
danao and Is not far from Cebu.
Chairman Holton Resigns
Charlotte, N. C, September 3. At a
meeting of the republican state com
mittee at Greensboro today Chairman
Holton resigned and Senator J. C.
Pritchard was elected to fill the va
lives a happy wife. She writes: " 1
have used Mother's Friend before
two confinements. The last time I had
twins, and was in labor only a few min
utes. Suffered very little." The retsoi
does expects ct mothers so much
good is because it is an external liniment,
to be applied upon h(t outside, where
much of the strain cornea. It helps be
cause the pores of the jsUn readily absorb
it, and it comes into direct canuct vita
and is absorbed by the parts inrolved.
Morning sickness is quickly banished,
and nervousness is kept completely aiy.
The sense of dread and foreboding is dc4
experienced, even during labor itself.
Confinement is short and almost withoul
pain. Recovery is quick and sure. Best
of all. Mother's Friend benefits tha
unborn just as much as the expectant
mother, and when the little one comes II
will be strong, lusty and healthy.
Druggists sell Mother's Friend for SI bottifc
Send for our free book on the subject,
THE BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO.
out in u
LIVE ON 15 CENTS A DAY
Of Course, tt Can be Done," saysMIs
Jane Taylor A Womau Phy6lclau
Says Fiitea Cents Is a Generous Al
lowance ami Will Provide Luxuries
'A man can live on 13 cents a day.
This is What Miss Kathrine ravis,
head of the .Nancy Foster Hall for
Women, at the University of Chicago,
told her", students the other day in a
lecture that she was giving in a course
in economies. Some of the students
decided to try it to prove, for them
selves if it could be done. At one time
the enthusiasm ran so high that it was
generally understood that it had pene
trated ato the office of the president
I the university, and affected Ir.
Harper himself. But President Harper
denies that this is no.
In the meantime scientists and In
vestigators all over the country have
been taking up the question, and thoaw
high in authority declare that for 15
cents a man can buy as much food as
he needs for one day.
-Miss Jane Taylor, a graduate of the
Woman's coilte,of this city, and a re
cent graduate of the Oread Domestic
Science institute, at Worcester, Mass.,
was asked yesterday whether it could
he done. "Of course, it can be done,"
she said, "but it would not be particu
larly pleasant to live on a 15-cent-a-day
diot on a long stretch.
"The diet would have to be largely a
vegetable one. The 15-cents-a-day man
couldn't be much of a meat eater. To.
have appetizing and wholesome meals
on that amount you would have to
have very great care in the selection of
the food, and equally great care in its
"It would be" like a mathematical
puzzle to plan for the meals for one
individual on such a (basis. It would
be much easier to do it for two persons
and the greater the number you
would plan for at that rate the easier
it would be. You can usually buy food
materials to much greater advantage
if you are buying in large quantities.
"The same thing is true of the prep
aration of foods. You can cook to
greater, advantage, and with less ex
pense, if you are preparing for three
or irjr individuals than if you are
preparing for only one."
"L.i; suppose a man or woman is liv
ing lune, can he or s.ie buy enough
food tor 15 cents a day to keep himself
or luriseit i,o:ng?" Miss Taylor' was
Miss Taylor took up at tablet and
pencil and made some -rapid calcula
tions. After she had satisfied herself
by referring to a grocer's List of prices
that her calculations were correct,
she said: "It can be done."
This was the list of supplies Miss
Taylor suggested the 15-cent-a-day ex
periment lay in for his $1.03 for the
One pound corn meal 3 cents
One-half pound rice 3 "
One pound sugar...., 6 "
Two loaves bread 10 "
One-half pound butter 13 "
One-quarter peck potatoes.. 5 "
Salt and peper 1
'Seven pints milk 21
One pint split peas 2 "
Dried fruit 2
Two eggs 3
One-quarter peck peaches or "
half dozen 'bannanas 5 "
One pound coffee 1 15 "
"You will notice," she said, "that I
have said a pint of milk a day at 3
cents a pint. (That's skim milk, of
course. iBut skim milk is just as good
food as .unskimmed milk. The cream
in the latter contains the fats that are
lacking in the skimmed milk.
"Another thing meat at 10 cents
would mean that the 15-center could
have meat twice a week. For 5 cents
he could get a good, nutrious piece off
the neck or the round. 'Fortunately the
most nutricious cuts of meat are the
The menu as suggested for a day
Breakfast Rice or oatmeal, with
sugar and milk, baked banana, bread
Dinner Meat stew and potatoes, or
spilt pea soup and bread.
'Supper -Bread and butter, and glass
of milk and stewed fruit.
"The menu could ibe varied by the
substitution of beets, or tomatoes, or
whatever vegetable might be in sea
son, for potatoes," Miss Taylor said;
"and it goes (without saying that the
price of vegetables will depend upon
the season, and the attractiveness and
variety of the ipurchases upon the skill
and intelligence of the purchaser."
"Of course a man can live on 15
cents worth of food a day." a woman
physician said yesterday. "Fifteen
cents is a generous allowance. Fif
teen cents will buy luxuries.
"Fifteen cents a day means $1.05 a
week. How many families do you
suppose there are in Baltimore who
can afford to spend $1.05 a week for
each individual for food only? Think
of the men who make a dollar a day
and have to pay house rent, fuel, food
clothing and everything else that they
and their families have on $6 a week.
No 15 cents a day for each individual
for food in those families.
"Suppose a man who earns $15 a
week has a wife and five children to
support. One dollar and five -cents a
week for food for each anemfber of
the family would amount to $7.35 at
the end of the week. Where Is the
rent coming from, and the shoes, and
the coal and all the other things that
family will be compelled to have if
the man gives his wife $..3o to spend
on what thev eat?
'People talk about living on 15 cents
& iday as though it were a very small
amount. The people we speak of as
'the poor have very much less -han
that to spend. And if they know how
to spend what they have, and how to
prepare what they buy they cannot
only have nourishing but appetizing
food for much less than 15 cents a
"Suppose, for instance, you get up
a dinner for that family of seven
Peas, (beans and lentils and other ni
trogenous foods furnish as much nu
triment as meat. You won't find any
thing more wholesome than split pa
soup.. For enough soup for a fimily
of seven you would need a pint of split
peas, two or three potatoes, a little
salt and other seasoning thyme or
ome other soup herb and come soup
"For ten cents you could get as much
meat as you would need for the soup.
You won't want a stylish cut of meat.
As a matter of fact the cuts contain
ing the most nutriment are the ceap
est. Split peas cost 2 cents a pint;
your potatoes would cost about 2
cents more and your salt and season
ing would add another half cent to" the
amount, making the entire quantity
for seven persons cost you 15 cents.
"A loaf of bread costs 5 cents. If
you do your own baking you can get
it for much less. A pound of dried
fruit cost 10 cents. Half a pound
stewed and sweetened would make a
good desert to go with the soup. The
bread, the fruit and the sugar used
i Dwc-eicu it nuuiu ouu jujou. a- vcuw
ito your expenses and the whole din
jner for seven people would cost you
,27 cents less than 4 cents apiece.
"Here's another soup you might try:
Brown a couple tablespoonfuls of flour.
add water and the contents of a can
of tomatoes the three can for a quar
ter variety; cook until it thickens;
strain, and cook again. This soup
would furnish the necessary acid, and
you could use bananas for your des
sert. The soup contains no meat; the
butter used In browning the flour takes
Its place. The tomatoes. , flour and
butter would cost altogether 10 cents.
Add 5 cents more for your bread and
tfrom 5 to 8 cents for your bananas.
and your dinner for seven costs from
P0 to 23 cents.
"I can tell you of still a cheaper
soup or stew; that is appetizing as
well as cheap. Slice an onion and
brown it with flour; cut five large po- I
tatoes into small pieces, and add the
potatoes and as much water as ne-M- I
ed to the onion and flour. Potatoes '
cost 5 cents a Quarter of a peck now. j
You would need about 3 cents worth
for your seven persons. The flour and
onion and butter would cost about 2
jcents, a loaf of bread would cost 5
cents, and you have a supper for seven
for 10 cents.
"No; you don't have to spend 15
cents a day for each individual to get
up a meal."
VIRTUE IN A WISHING TREE
Vaulni:toii C :mtc HronKht Luck
to Jl ortll v (Jlrl.
(From the Philaielphia Press.)
In Lafayette square, in Washington,
is a dwerf chestnut tree known to old
residents as "the wishing tive." That
many people have firm belief in its
properties as a granter of wishes is
daily proved by the number of persons
passing under it to silently name their
wish. Many men and .women whose
names are known the country over
stop a moment by this tree and indulge
themselves in perhaps their only su
perstition. Just now the tree is full
of nutts. and it seems that this is an
especially propiious season for wishing
A young girl who lately secured a
position in one of the government de
partments, and who firmly believes
in its efficacy, Is an ardent lover of the
She had been trying . ry hard, with
out avail, to secure a small ivition.
and one morning, feeling discouraged,
went to Lafayette park, stopied un
der the 'tree to make the wish of her
heart, and then sat down on a near-by
bench to rest before going home.
While sitting there she engaged in
conversation with a pleasantlooking
woman, also enjoying the shade of the
old tree, and somehow told all about
her hopes and disauuointments in re
lation -to the government .position.
Her Listener was a sympathetic per
son, and finally asked the young girl's
name and address. In a few days the
young girl received notice to proceed
to a certain department for examina
tion. She passed it successfully, and
was placed in a much more lucrative
position than she had hoped for.
It turned out that her companion un
der the tree was the wife of a power
ful sensator, and was so touched and
pleaded with the young girl's efforts
and her childlike faith in the wishing
tree that she had to great wish grati
A HISTORY MAKING AGE
We are LI vine In n Grand unci Awful
Seldom has the world seen a more
eventful period than that in which we
now live. The creation of the empire
of Germany, the kingdom of Italy and
the republic of France is easily remem
bered by persons of early middle age.
Within the past 15 years Africa has
been parceled out among the principal
European countries. As a result of the
war in the Orange Free State and the
Transvaal which is drawing to a close,
practically, the whole of South Africa
will become British territory. The war
which has Just begun in China may re
sult in the long threatened division of
that vast empire among half a dozen
of the nations of Europe and the dis
appearance of the Chinese flag from
the world's seas.
At the beginning of 18S8 Spain still
held a fragment of that domain on
which, in the days of Charles V. and
Philip II, the sun never set. By the
end of that year Spain's flag had van
ished from the new world, which her
navigators discovered and on which
she had a foothold for a century before
any of her rivals, England, France or
Holland, started permanent settlement
on this side of the Atlantic. She lost
too, the magnificent group of islands
given to her by Magellan and named
for the great Philip. Virtually the
Spain of 1900 has shrunk to the dimen
sions of the Spain of the earlier kXays
of Ferdinand and Isabella, before Co
lumbus started on his voyage of dis
covery. , I ' -
But the most striking event of an age
of startling happenings may be im
pending in Asia. The oldest of the
great nations whosa fleets are passing
into the yellow sea were creations of
yesterday compared with the country
with which they are coming in conflict.
If Chinese chronology is reliable, China
was the home of a civilization centu
ries old before Romulus got his first
glimpse of the Tiber or Paris of Troy
abducted Helen. Many years of Chi
na's first cycle had expired anterior to
the days of Ramesss II and before the
birth of the Pharoah of the Exodus.
The world's oldest and newest are in
conflict with the oldest of the world's
continents. Perhaps this age is now
witnessing the closing scenes of a
drama which opened in the world's
early morning twilight. St. Louis
Speech in Faror of the Deposed Chinese
San Francisco, September 3. Leong
Kai Tlnn, who claims to be special am
bassador of the deposed emperor of
China, Kwang Su, and Is the represen
tative of the Chinese Empire Associa
tion of Reformers, made an impassion
ed plea to a large audience of his coun
trymen in the Jackson street theatre
for the restoration of the emperor and
the modernization of China. His de-
ploration of the Indignities that had
oeen neaped upon the unfortunate em
peror by the empress dowager were so
eloquent that the fellowmen in the au
dience were moved to tears. Leontr Kai
Tinn arrived in San Francisco last
Monday and his address was the first
he delivered here. He came to this
country to gain the support of the Chi
nese residents in the United States for
the restoration of the emperor and the
Inauguration of a liberal policy toward
A; MUSIC BOX IN DISGUISE
It Dad a Disturbing Effect at a Rura
Funernl In Maine. , ,
(From the Lewlston (Me.) Journal.)
This sounds like a jo-ak from , a
funny paper,' but an August minister
will vouch for its having occurred at
a funeral a few miles out of the city;
not long ago.
The' parlor was too small to accom
modate she crowd of mourners and it
was necessary to put them Into two
rooms. Those who were out In the
sitting-room were separated from tho
pariy In the parlor, where Che casket
rested, by an entry way. This pre
vented them from hearing all thxi tho
minister said and after a time one of
the young men. tired of doing nothing,
reached stealthily over to tho, tablo
near him to get the family album,
which was lying -there In all the rich
ness of blue plush and fancy brass
das;. , , . v
He had just got into his lap without
attracting attenion uid was going to
open It and show the photosruphs to
the girl next him when he made a
startling discovery. Something was
moving inside the album. He distinct
ly felt the vibration of moving ma
chinery. With apprehensive quick
ness he shoved the album buck onto
the table. Hat he did it po rajidly
that every one in the room nticeI
the movement and looked at him in. si
And all the time he could hear :he
clicking of that machinery and ielt
instinctively that something was c'out
to haxptn. Just then som.:hinf dil
happen. The minister was s;Hi ..Ing
tenderly of the decevjiiud an I of the
btviuties of the place to which his
spirit had taken its flight, of the firsts
of gold and -the songs of th. ang s.
Then from the family album on the
table came the opening measure of
that -rattling rag-time. "There'll lie a
Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight"
the album was a bluff it wan a music
box fn disguise, and it was getting
under way In great shape.
The minister stopped. Iiut the mu
sic box didn't. It kept right on. The
young man who had accidentally
started the profane concert cluthched
it desperately and tried to throttle It.
But it was no use. It was as
hard to stop as the paper
you hadn't iaid your subscription on
for four years. It instead r. going
whe'r-or-no, and go it did to the of tho
tune, while the entire fum-ra! party
waited for the end. Then the minister
went on, but having a sense of humor
that is well developed h had hard
work to keep his face in proper funeral
CHICAGO'S FROG MARKET
Flndiermen 1iii?1ihk .'O.ooo Every
Saturday for Halt.
This is the tale of the frog.
Fifty thousand frogs are sold in
Chicago every Saturday, 3S0.00O are
sold every week; 2,430,0CK are sn Id be
tween May 1 and October 1.201.1 doz
en in one season.
The average cost of each dozen is 20
cents, this means that $40,S23.20 is spent
annually on frogs fishing frogs.
These springy animals are used as,
bait for Dass. pickerel, and pike fish-
J If every frog caught a fish, but
j average three frogs to each fish and
one can then see that sportsmen catch;
&16.660 of the finny tribe during the
summer months, and figures don't lie.
Frogs come from almost everywhere.
But most of those used in Chicago are
shipped from Michigan, Wisconsin,
Minnesota, Iowa. Missouri. Tennessee,
Kentucky Indiana and Illinois.
In many of these states regular fro
farms are kept, but these are not n-j.
ed where the land is low and mar:.y.
The means of catching them r.re
many. Early in the season nets ure
used; later on as they multiply, they
are raked in like grass. Then tho
small boy is brought into play. He Is
turned loose in a large field where he
erabs for a frog only to lift his hand
and many times find it gone. He con
siders this rare sport much better than
carrying in the wood.
This fishing bait is shipped to Chica
go In boxes in which there is moisten
ed grass. Frogs are a long-lived ani
malthose that are not put on fishing
hooks and the department stores that
handle - them have frog farms on the
roofs, where water runs over them con
tinually. Here they live for a month
1 without eating.
it is In these stores that so many of
Chicago's t-portsmen gather on Satur
day to buy bait for Sunday s fishing.
The frog industry is a new one to
Chicago. Only four or five years ago it
was utkiown. Some tiore fiurin
will show that In this time allowing
for losses In many ways 10,000,000
frogs have gone to help entice the wary
bass from the lakes.
Now; for the frog as an article cf
C. N". Turner, of the commission fim
of Ceorge C. Callahan & Co., 217 SutJj
Water street, says:
"In my opinion, there are more bull
frogs sold than the grass frog
though' the large grass frog is more
desirable for table use than his cousin,
the bullfrog. I can't say j-jst how
many bullfrogs we handle, but as you
have the figures on the grass frors, I
am sure there are more uzd for edible
purposes. We have handled as high as
5,500 dozen a day."
These frogs are shipped as far -ast
as Boston, as far west as San Fran
cico. as far south as New Orleans, and
as far north as Canada.
The American people have changed
considerably in their opinion on frogs.
A few years ago the French were the
ones who so liked to nibble frog legs.
Americans called the Frenchman:
As it Is tiJav the AmpHftan ar
frogeaters, and dealers are unable to
fill their orders.
Digests what you eat.
It artificially digests the food and aids
Nature in strengthening' and recon
structing the exhausted digestive or
gans. It is the latest discovered digest
ant and tonic. Xo other preparation
can approach It In eCciency. It In
stantly relieves arid permanently cares
tvctwptv;t indieestion. Heartburn.
Flatulence, sour aiomacn, nausea,
ill other resultsof imperfect digestion
Prcpcrd by E. C Dc Wilt & Co, CbUcc