Newspaper Page Text
ZTBUDAlZ. 23, 11
Catered at the Postoffice at 'Wilming
ton. N. C.t as Second-Class
Matter April IS. 1879.
JL GLANCE AT TOE VIRGINIA D1SM
' The Virginia democracy promptly dis
charged their duty and put a good tick
et in the field, one that -will be sure to
-win, . no doubt. The meeting at Nor
folk is reported to have been thorough
Jy harmonious. They did not go into
national politics, but confined their de
liberations to state matters, which was
wise and prudent. The republican
"Washington Post says of the outcome:
"Moreover, this has been down In such
fine spirit, with such fairness and con
sideration, that the party now presents
an unbroken front a spectacle of gen-
i ,nninrrl with Tin Rfrifsmst or Tipart-
LUUG tVfli" " -- -
burnings beneath the fair exterior. The I
nomination or 3ir. jnontague. alter a
brilliant but wholesome and chivalric
t reflects the hi ernes t credit UDon
the gentleman himself without giving
nls competitor the smallest grouna ior
The new method, be It observed, is
lminpnoc'J exacting upon aspirants,
and huge suspense upon the people at
large. For months candidates ha
been canvassing Virginia. The govern
or-elect, Mr. Montague, has a fine face
according to a picture we have seen
xoe jeriua.ixt;iiu tuan iua.ii ntu txi. xl
ter Glass, the able, faithful democrat
who owns and edits the Lynchburg
News. A very appreciative and becom
ing recognition of his character and
abilities. He is a leading Methodist
layman. There was a gifted young fel
low" in the convention, a son of Hon
George C. Cabell, some time representa
tive in the congress from the Danville
district,named after hi3 able father. He
seems to be a "chip of the old block.'
favors the father no little physically
and although youthful, was selected in
the convention that was very much a
young man's body, to make the nomin-
atlntr sDeech for Mr. Montague. The
Washington Post says it was eloquent
and dramatic. As he is clearly one of
the coming Virginians, we copy the de
scription of him In the Tost:
""A young man of smooth-shaven
features, athletic build, and theatrical
bearing is Mr. Cabell. His strong voice
Vibrated from wall to wall and, like a
trained elefcutionist. he commanded at
tention with his measured sentences.
His actor like tread as he spoke and
his studied gestures were superb."
He concluded his fervid oratory in
"'My countrymen, give Montague to
Virginia, for Virginia has need of just
such a man. And, oh, will this not be a
gladsome day for the old common
wealth; a day that will mark an epoch
in her political and Industrial history!
"Make him captain of our old ship of
state, give him a capable lieutenant
governor and an experienced attorney
general for the first and second mates,
place aboard of her Taylor Ellyson as
pilot and the new constitution as a nav
igating chart, man her with a crew of
true and tried democrats, and after a
fwur years prosperous cruise she will
return to her moorings without a shiv--ered
timber or a broken spar.
"Gentlemen of the convention. I take
pleasure in placing in nomination for
- the high and exalted office of governor
- of this commonwealth the name of the
young Hickory of Virginia Andrew
Mr. Ellyson, who has been chairman
- of the democratic state committee for
: years, is the senior proprietor of the
- staunch, old Richmond Dispatch- The
" leading opponent of Mr. Montague, Hon.
Claude A. Swanson. made a vigorous
and eloquent speech in favor of
Jiis successful competitor. Mr. Mon
tague's speech of acceptance was in fine
-spirit and taste; and was practical
- withal. He will be the youngest gov
pmnr his state has ever had. He is now
Z in Tils 2Sth year, we think. His name is
good one for a democrat Andrew Jack-
-.son Montague. He is a man of force,
ot energy, of will.
Senator Daniel, of course, was a
prominent man in the body. He is
Virginia's greatest orator now, we sup
pose. He walked up and down the plat
form as he spoke. He spoke wisely,
conservatively. We take a point or two
from the Post's report:
"No great work was ever done in sud
den fashion," he said of the constitu
tional convention. "You must permit
your convention without being nagged
-or exasperated to do its work thorough
iv tr lav the foundation stones and
put the mortar around them. No one
anan in this state, nowever i
:great. can fashion a constitution for
all the people. The constitution must
grow out of the sentiment of the people,
just as the skin grows out of and cov
ers the body." (Great applause).
TVio conntnr tnld a Storv of bOYS he
used to play with that wanted to pull
a setting hen on tne nest every ua w
see whether the eggs were hatching.
. -v mnct trt-f old mother democracy,"
he added, "time to carefully select the
..eggs for the setting.
The Post notices that during the pro
-ceedings Bryan was frequently inter
red. It says .'there is no more resur
rection for Bryan," according to speak
ers. And vet. as The Messengers ior
-folk disDatch ot yesterday stated, the
olatform adopted "upholds William
.J;ennlngs Bryan in its first plank in
which admiration is expressed for all
-the leaders of the party irom jeaeivn
down. This plank was not discussed
"Ty the convention, notwithstanding the
fair applause which had greeted utter
ances against Bryan and free silver
prior to the submission of the commit-
The harbor boat Petrolia, of the
Standard Oil company w"1 "te
ller moorings in Norfolk Monday. Fire
tugs saved her irom cuwvicic
Wlr rmirklv tave VOU. if VOU used
Tr. King's New Life Pills. Thousands
-of suCerNrs pa proved their match-
less merit Tor SlcBkand Nervous head
aches. They make Trt&re blood ana
v strong nerves and buildip your health
Easy to take. Try thew. nly 25 cent?.
' ilony back If not cured. wJd by u.
TDL Bellamy, druggist.
EX AG GEKATED FORTUNES.
Everbody knows -who ; knows any
thing how very easy It is to exaggerate
statements and figures. About the most
facile performance so often practiced
is the wealth of people. A man has 50,-
000. Society reports him with a quarter
of a million. Another fellow has his
quarter of a million, but he Is book
ed at $1,000,000. The man with the
latter sum is put down at J3.000.000, and
the man with that amount in fact Is
estimated at ten, fifteen or twenty mill
ions. "When you find one at twenty
millions he is classed as with
fifty millions, while 'the fifty million
owner is easily booked for one hundred
millions. Then there is no stopping the
guesses and the leaps. Mr. Albert
Sauppe, in the Philadelphia Times, dis
cusses the "over-estimated fortunes"
of well known men, and tells how the
fortunes shrunk when multi-million
aires were dead and gone. He tells of
Senator Scott put at twelve millions
Dying it shrunk to half that sum. "The
Harmony Society, near Pittsburg, was
said to be worth $33,000,000, but at the
death of its leader it was found to be
worth $150,000. Havemeyer, the sugar
refiner, was 3aid to be worth $10,000,000,
but left $4,000,000.
"The most overrated man of all was
Barney Bernato. the South African dia
mond owner. At his death it was re
ported far and wide that he was worth
from $100,000,000 to $300,000,000, but at
the settlement of the estate it was not
He gives many examples to illustrate
the gross exaggerations. "We cite a
few of these: John Blair, of Blairs-
town, N. Y., who died in 1S99, aged 97,
was said to be worth $60,000,000, but it
is now believed that he was worth $3,-
000,000. Pierre Lorilliard, of the Tobac
co trust, was said to be worth $100,000,
000, but his estate is now estimated at
$4,000,000. Robert Bonner, of the New
York Ledger, was said to have $6,000,-
000, but after his death it was $700,000.
The are "lots of rich men" all about,
and there are some poor men now who
once counted their million or more. In
this country there are 3,828 supposed
millionaires, cr one in every 20,000 in
habitants. "They are worth combined
about $16,000,000,000, out of a total real
estate and personal property wealth of
$S1,730,000,000, at which our entire pro
perty is fairly valued. The most of
these millionaires were born poor."
Depew said in 1896, in a speech, that
he could name ten men in New York
city and twenty miles around, who
could by reason of their Vast wealth
precipitate a panic such as the world
never saw, that would stop every mill
and every wheel of industry. Mr.
Sauppe says that in what is now call
ed Greater New York, with some three
and a half millions of people, "there
are 19,000 who have incomes of over
$4,000 a year. Out of 13,000,000 families
in the United States there are 600,000
who have incomes of over $3,000 a year.'
And yet riches take wings and flee
away. There is one place that a man
cannot take his money the grave. Is
he a wise man who makes money-getting
his one aim?
A Thousand Tongues
Could not express the rapture of
Annie E. Springer, of 1125, Howard St.,
Philadelphia, Pa., when she found that
Dr. Kings New Discovery for con
sumption had completely cured her of
a hacking cough that for many years
had made life a burden. All other
remedies and doctors could give hei
no help, but she says of this Royal
Cure: "it soon removed the pain In
my chest and I can now sleep soundly,
something I can scarcely remember
doing before. I feel like sounding ita
praises throughout the universe." So
will everyone who tries Dr. King's New
Discovery for any trouble of the
Throat,Chest, or Lungs. Price EOc and
$1.00. Trial bottles free at R. R. Bel
lamy's drug store; every bottle guar
anteed. 4A KOLAND FOR AN" OLIVER.
The New York Sun. we judge from
what we see quoted from it, think
that the negro is better treated in the
north than in the south. That is mis
leading. The. negroes can work any
where in the south in any trade, in any
kind of mechanical shop and side by
side with white men. He has the same
rights before the courts that tne whites
have. He is more humanely, justly,
kindly treated here than in the cool
section of the north. He can be a min
ister of the Gospel and walk in pro
cessions and sit with white brethren
high up in sanhedrin. This may be
seen in North Carolina any year, this
year and other years. The Atlanta
Constitution took the hide off the Sun's
prejudiced. Ignorant contention. The
"Does a republican form of govern
ment exist where the negro is dis
franchised or intimidated? As a matter
of fact, the negro has no rights in the
south which white men are bound to
respect unless they select to do so, es
pecially white men in democratic con
vention assembled." The "republi
can government" does not eist any
where in the south after the negroes
cease to vote invariably with the white
radicals, if by "republican government"
it is meant a government of the ne
groes and by the negroes and for thej
negroes. No. that kind of government
has disappeared, and it will never be
restored until the Sun's staff and its
working force shoulder arms and in
vade the south.
But let us hear from the Constitu
tion. Here is a part of its retort upon
the baleful Sun that only shines for the
nortn, tne republican party, it only
joined three or four years aso. desert
ing the democratic party when under
distress, and for Sambo at long range.
The Constitution aptly shows how much
better the negroes fare in the highly
sympathetic north than in the maligned
south. Read, and if you - have sense,
you will understand the meaning of it:
"The wounds negroes.carryins bullets
received from republican, marksmen'
ship In VIrden and Pana. did not find
a republican, form of government in
Illinois. "When they returned to Ala
bama and found bread and work they
did find such a government. '
"The negroes who were recently held
back from Melrose by shotguns did not
find "a republican form of government."
Even the effort of the governor of the
state to enlist the preachers of Mel
rose on the side of humanity failed.
The order was: 'The negro must go!'
"The negroes who have been driven
out of Indiana towns by vigilance com
mittees did not find a republican form
of government" until they had crossed
the river into Kentucky.
"The negroes who were hanged by
the mob in "Washington Courthouse
and who were chased out of Akron did
not find 'a republican form of govern
ment in Ohio.
"Now for the other side. Every negro
driven out of the north has found in
the south 'a republican form of govern
ment' strong enough to gain for him
the unobstructed right to earn an honest
The negroes are not half so blind and
stupid as the Sun and such papers and
sympathizers think. The best class of
northern papers make much of the
severe and prompt punishment in the
south of negro rapists and murderers
of whites. But they have scarcely a
word In behalf of the pure, defenceless
white ladies and children who are so
devilishly assaulted, and even some
times murdered. Their sympathies ex
pire with their tears up north over the
awfully punished brutes. Every man
of sense and candor in the north knows
that if the rapes and murders by mean
negroes "bad negroes" to quote the
foolish negro incendiary before referred
to in the Messenger were as common
in that section as in the south that the
white men "up there" would deal with
the cruel offenders in the same sharp,
quick way that is pursued in the south.
Even the decent Springfield (Mass.)
Republican, in its comment upon the
negro burnings In the south, has grace
and sense of truth enough to say:
"The North has been silenced, so far
as the south is concerned, by recent ne
gro burnings of its own in Colorado,
in Kansas, and in Indiana. The Ala
bama and Georgia affairs of last week
brought out a display . of no greater
savage fury or eagerness to secure from
the garments ' and charred flesh and
bones of the victim souvenirs of the oc
casion than did the Terre Haute burn
ing in Indiana only a few months back.
The two sections stand on a level in
this matter, and neither is now in a po
sition to taunt the other. And so a
boasted Christian civilization is evident
ly to submit in silence to these repeated
revelations of itself as a ghastly mock
ery." Few people in the south approve of
burning but they waste no tears and
sanctimonious groans over the brutes
that perish for rape. It is noticeable
that a week or so ago a number of ne
gro "leaders" met in Philiadephia., and
not a word was uttered or a complaint
made against rapings of white women
and children or the murdering of white
farmers and wives in the south, but
lynchings came in for the main talk
of the Solomons gathered. Thej will
take steps to bring the matter before
congress, and ask for federal action, j
If 200,000 soldiers were stationed in the
south, and the persons and lives of the
women and girls were not made safe
from brutal outrages, the lynchings
would continue with unabated prompt
ness and violence. The north would
better concern itself with its own
mobs, killings, violence, oppressions,
etc and leave the south out of the
Editor's Awful Plight.
F. M. Higgins. Editor Seneca, (Ills.,)
News, was afflicted for years with
Piles that no doctor or renjedy helped
until he tried Bucklen's Arnica Sadve.
He writes two boxes wholly cured him.
It's the surest Pile cure on earth and
the best saive in the v;orld. Cure
guaranteed. Only 25 cents. Sold by
R. R. Bellamy, druggist.
SOME TRADE CONSIDERATIONS.
There is a popular error as to the
meaning and conclusion to be drawn
from a large trade balance and its
connection with gold. The idea of
many newspapers and writers is that
a huge balance in trade favorable to the
United States is a sure sign and a con
clusive evidence that these states are
in great prosperity. There is no deny
ing the fact of such unprecedented
prosperity for two or three years, or
longer, but the point is that the great
balance of trade in itself does not
necessarily betoken vast prosperity.
Writers on finance and economics have
often discussed this, and it has been
shown that large official returns do not
of necessity convey the idea of marvel
lous prosperity. "What does it show?
Is gold the medium or agent in car
rying on great commercial transac
tions with foieign countries or even at
home? An intelligent writer, Mr.
George C. Henning. writes as follows
in the Washington Post, of 12th Inst.:
"The element of fiction consists in as
suming that international exchanges
are settled in gold. "While there are oc
casional shipments of gold from one
country to another, international bal
ances are in the final event settled by
commodities, on which gold may be
"If Europe had to settle these bal
ances apparently due us In gold, it
would soon have no gold, and hence
would soon be unable to buy any more
"In point of fact, immediate ex
changes are effected by credit or credit
instruments, and finally by commodi
ties. Take Mexico for example. "While
her bonded and foreign debts are pay
able in gold, little or no gold leaves
her territory. She pays in silver and
other commodities exported, against
which bills are drawn at the gold valu
An yet it is not uncommon to see in
newspapers, and some of greatest cir
culation, that a trade balance is con
clusive proof of prosperity, and the im
pression is left that business transac
tions are settled with gold, the one
standard now in this and some other
countries. To tee how this -matter of
business is conducted we take this Il
lustration from the same Informed
Tor illustration take a recent case
of actual transfer. A man in Honolulu
desiring to come to the United States
purchased a. bill of exchange on New
York. Upon his arrival here he con
verted his New York draft into one
upon Madras, to pay a debt due there.
The Madras party will deposit the draft
at his bankers giving him a credit upon
which he may draw other instruments.
The Madras banker will Indemnify "him
self by receiving other drafts drawn on
London to pay for goods or commodi
ties shipped there from India."
He refere to another common mis
take that coin is in the general sum
mary of exports. Both gold and silver
are Included. He is so informing at
this point we draw upon him further,
and what he says is accurate as well
"Likewise In estimating imports the
return by mail of European, investments
in our securities escape calculation.
These last form an important part in
settling international exchanges when
the balance cf trade Is in our favor,
and the reverse when the balance is
against us. The confusion of mind
which induces us to congratulate our
selves upon the balance of trade in our
favor arises from Ignoring the fact that
all trade is bartering one commodity
for another. 1
"It is no indication of the prosperity
of a person or a nation that he or it
sells more than it buys. It is usually
the rich that buy and the poor that
The fluctuations and flowlngs of gold
cannot well be anticipated. The system
of barter suggested is sure to cause at
one time the gold to go out and at an
other time for it to come in. As is
suggested, gold will go where it fetches
the highest price, or from a country
whose securities are discredited. He
gives an illustration of value:
"I clip this from the Independent:
The investments of the New York Life
Insurance Company in the Russian
loans of last year were Influential in
promoting the growth of our exports of
manufactures to Russia, because most
of the money thus borrowed here was
expended by Russia in paying for pro
ducts of our factories.' Here we see,
first, an exchange of credit instruments
(Russian bonds) for money, and next
an exchange of money for commodi
ties, with little or no gold actually
Robbed the Grave.
A startling incident, of which Mr.
John Oliver, of Philadelphia, was the
subject, is narrated by him as follows:
"T was in a most dreadful condition.
My skin was almost yellow, eyes sunk
en, tongue coated, pain continually in
back and sides, no appetite gradu
ally growing weaker day by day. Three
physicians had given me up. Fortun
ately, a friend advised trying Electric
Bitters; and to my great joy and sur
prise, the first bottle made a decided
Improvement. I continued their use
for three weeks, and am now a well
man. I know they saved my life, ana
robbed the grave of another victim,"
No one should fail to try them. Only
50 cents; guaranteed at R. R. Bellamy's
GEN'L. GAT LIN'S REPORT IN 1804.
We thought yesterday that we had
possibly Avritten all we might think
necessary regarding the Neathery list
lately published. "We wish now mere
ly to refer to another list by Major
Neathery which we had forgotten. In
the last number of "Webster's (Reids
ville) Weekly we find a communication
from Professor D. H. Hill copied from
the Raleigh News and Observer which
we failed co see Professor Hill refers
to what we had said in exposure of. the
Neathery list published in the Charlotte
Observer, and kindly says:
"Now that Dr. Kinsbury has done so
much for the truth of North Carolina
history that he cannot remember all
he has done. Fortunately much of his
good work has been printed. Twenty
seven years ago he first published Maj
or Neathery's figures, but he published
what Major Neathery did say, not what
someone has reported him as saying."
He published what this writer said
when editing "Our Living and Our
Dead" in June 1S73, when we asked for
some one o "supply us with the exact
number of troops furnished." Major
Neathery replied by sending the report
of Adjutant General Gatlin, to Govern
or Vance, of date November 19th, 1864.
As this is an official report it shows
what had been done by the state up to
that date, and is conclusive:
Number of troops transferred to
confederate states according
to original rolls on file in this
office .. 6K636
Number of conscripts as per re
port of commandant of con
scripts, dated September 30,
Estimated number of recruits
that have volunteered in the
different companies since the
date of original rolls 21.60S
Number of troops in the state
service for the war 3,203
Total number cf troops 108,032
To these musk be added.
No. of Junior reserves 4,217
No. of Senior reserves 5.6S6 &03
Number of truops in unattached'
companies and serving In reg
iments from other states 3,104
Home guard and militia 3,962
The new topic in northern prints is
"Is Sampson to be again absent?" He
is not to testify against Schley. Why?
Twd young women at Greenville, S.
C.. were killed by lightning on the 12th
Inst, and five others badly Injured.
The Chicago Chronicle calls Booker
Washington "a great colored demo
crat" Did Booker ever vote for one
democrat In his life?
There is no truth in the reported
lynching of a British negro at Port
Royal. He was caught at the blinds of
a prominent citizen (his third offense)
and was whipped for his impudence.
Steamer Islinder, from Alaska, to
Victoria strikes an. Iceberg and sinks
in twenty minutes. Sixty-seven of the
passengers and crew are drowned. ....
. " - ..... - -
ness and Rest-Contains neither
W&OT HARC OTIC
Arrffntemedv- f orConsfioa-1
mess and Loss of Sleep.
Facsimile Signature of
exact copy or wra beer.
mar 17 mi. we. fri and 8-w
THE BEST MADE. ALL
Scad 20 cents or IS assorted pens.
A Private Hospital, for the treatment of all classes of Medical. Surgical
and Gynecological diseases, also, all diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose and
Throat. Best equipped Static Electric Machine, (with X Itay attachment.)
far the treatment of all Nervous Affections. Heating, Lighting, Ventilation,
perfect. Hot and cold baths on every floor. New buiiding, trained nurses
and matron. Elevators and Electric Bell system. Terms reasonable. Phy
sicians correspondence solicited. Address
DRS. MARSH & HIGHSMITH. Fayetteville. N. C.
Granite and Marble
P. 0. Box 277, Wilmington, H. C.
HESICAL COLLEGE OF VIRGINIA
' Established 1838.
The Sixty-Fourth Session will Commence October 1st, 1901.
Department of Medicine, three years course, fees ..65.00 per session.
Department of Dentistry, three years' course, fees $63.00 per session.
Department of Pharmacy, two years' course, fees $G0.00 per session.
No extras for laboratory work or dissections, i'or further particulars and,
. CHRISTC PHER TQ3IPKINS, M.D.. Dean. Richmond. Va,
If we feel sad in America over the re
ported decay of the cruiser Columbia,
after eight years of service, what must
be the feeling In France over the com
plete breakdown of her two great ships
of war, the Jean d'Arc and the Chateau-Renault?
These cruisers took six years In build
ing. The one cost $4,600,000. the other
$3,200,000. Three hours after leaving
port on her trial trip, the cable says,
the Jean d'Arc staggered back with her
engine-room and' stoke-room uninhab
itable and her boilers used up. As for
the Chateau-Renault, her engines melt
ed with the heat -where they stood.
Briton's ironclads. It will be recalled
have been pronounced to be so top
heavy as to be' unsafe.
Perhaps all the nations will eventual
ly so perfect their navies In the ele
ments of self-destruction that the as
sistance of hostile fleets will not be
necessary. New York World.
Civil Governor Taft la the immediate
future, will reduce the police force of
Manila by one-half. At present there
are 1,300 policemen for the city, whose
population only numbers 250,000 souls.
For Infanta and Children.
The Kind You Have
' Always Bought
TMC CENTAUR COMPANY. W Y TTT.
STATIONERS SELL THEM.
THE ESTERBROOK STEEL PEW CO.
26 John St., New York.
ranite i Marble Works
APPLICATION. - :
Branch Yard atGoldsboro, H. C.
How Italy's Kins and Queen Uve
The new royal household of Italy Is
simplicity itself. King Victor Eman
uel arises at daybreak and works until
7 30 vhen he and Queen Helen break
fast together. At 8 o'clock their majes
ties walk or drive for an hour, after
which the king attends to business of
state and the queen visits her many
pets, which include a number of rare
birds. At 1 o'clock a simple luncheon
Is served, which rarely consists of more
than two dishes. Dinner is served at
8 p. m., and seldom has more than three
courses and desert- Queen Helen Is
extremely amiable and considerate and
frank to the last degree. Recently at
at reception she made a number of
practical remarks and suggestions to
her ladles-In-waltlng. "Ladles, allow
me to give you a word of advice. When
you appear at court you will find it
more comfortable to wear easy corset!
and shoes that do not pinch your feet.
When one has to stand so long and
make so many courtesies it Is best to
seek comfort." Baltimore Herald. ,
The corporation of Glasgow v at a
meeting decides to confer the freedom
of the city on Andrew Carnegie.