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THE WILMINGTON A MESSENGER TUESDAY i NOVEMBER 17, 1903.
JACKSON fc BELL COMPANY.
itered at tne Postofilce at Wil
mington, x. C., as Second-Cla
Matter, April 13, 1S7.
TEItMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
TUB DAILY MESSENGER by mail
year 9800 lx mouth f3.00;
Cmree inontbi $1.50; one month SO
Served In the city at fiO rents
B&nth, one week 15 cent. $1.50 for
three months or $0.00 a year.
THE SEMI-WEEKLY MESSENGER
(two 8-page paper;, by mail one
year fl.OOj six month SO cents, In
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 17.
AMI-IIUCIVS FIKST COTTON" EX
PORTS. Few people now engaged in pro
ducing, speculating in or manufac
turing cotton know anything about
the beginning of its cultivation in
this country ami its export. The
earliest record of the export of cot
ton is that of seven bags from Char
leston in 174 7. Wilmington came
second in point of time with three
bags exported in 176S.
We clip the following interesting
Item on this subject from "Dixie":
" 'Dixie' is indebted to Rev. Geo.
O. X. MacDonell, of Columbus, Ga.,
for the following additional infor
mation concerning the early culture
and exportation of American cotton,
which he obtained from a copy of
the Government Agricultural report
Issued in 1S53:
"The earliest record of sending cot
ton from this country to Europe is
In the table of exports from Charles
ton in 1747-4S, when seven bags
were shipped. Another parcel con
sisting of 2.000 pounds was shipped
from the same port in 1770, and a
third shipment of 71 bags was made
In 17S4, which was seized in En
gland on the ground that America
could not. produce a quantity so
great. In 17J2 304 bales were ship
ped; In the first six months of 1796,
150 ba!e. From an old custom
house book In Wilmington, X. C. it
appears that in July, 176S, the ship
Amelia cleared from that port with
an assorted cargo, among which
were three bags of cotton.
"According to the census returns
of 1S40 the amount of cotton grown
In the United States was 740,479,275
pounds; in 1SG0, 9S7. 637,200 pounds
increase, 197,157,925 pounds; 1S53,
3,000.000,000 pounds, at 7 cents,
""In 1S4 4 a bale of cotton grown
on the plantation of Colonel James
Jones Taylor on Dry Creek. Early
county. Georgia, was taken by Dr.
SlacDonnel! to Fort Gaines on July
3rd and. sold by General John Dill
for 7 cents per pound July 4th. Thl3
is the earliest date of the harvesting
and sale of a bale of cotton in Geor
gia that hr..s come under notice."
prkiwkixc; ron the fight.
All pairs declared off and both
sides preparing for renewal of the
fight brought over from the last
congress on the Cuban reciprocity
bill, which will begin in the house
of representatives tomorrow is the
wws from Washington city.
It seems the democrats of the
house are going to make a deter
mined stand against the refined
sugar differential clause. With this
out of the way and the other objec
tionable feature referred to in these
columns yesterday, we suppose the
measure would receive no opposition
from the democrats. However,
whether these proposed amendments
are allowed by the republicans in the
house or not. the indications are
that the Payne bill will scarcely pass
both houses at this session of con
gress. After the democrats of the
house get through with it that body
Will pass it and send it to the sen
ate, Avhere the fight will be renewed
on the same points and additional
ones raised in that body.
It is a great pity the conflicting
interests cannot get together and
formulate a measure that all can
endorse. Cuba needs relief. We
want Cuba's trade. The only way to
accomplish these is to formulate a
treaty that the two governments will
accept. To do so there must be con-'
cessions vy both governments and
also by the two contending parties
in this country.
THE CHICAGO STRIKE.
Tiie strike in Chicago is becoming
a very serious matter. With the
strike of the firemen and others con
nected with the power houses of the
street railway company it looks as
if the latter will have to give in, es
pecially if. as is feared, the team
sters will refuse to deliver coal to
the company. The company is in a
pretty bad way, notwithstanding tha
boastful statements of Manager Mc-
There are two sides to every ques
tion, but from the statements of the
Associated Press published yester
day it would seem that the firemen
were in the wrong in their sympa
thetic strike. The company had just
made a year's contract with them
which allowed a sympathetic strike
if th former would not agree to ar
bitrate with ,the striking conductors
ard motormen. Because the com
pany refused to accept the firemen as
arbitrators in this strike the latter
quit work under the above-mentioned
clause in their contract. The com
pany says it has always been willing
to arbitrate the question of wages
with the strikers. It is hardly 'to bft
supposed that it would accept an
allied union to settle its difficulties
with the car-men, and when it de
clined such proposition, but still ex
pressed willingness to arbitrate It
put the firemen in the wrong and
makes them brakers of their con
tract made only two days before.
It is to be hoped that this strike
can be amicably settled. Besides
this being to the interest of both
parties concerned and for the con
venience of the citizens of Chicago,
a strike of the magnitude this ne
threatens to be is something to be
dreaded in that city. The country
has not forgotten the terrible scenes
that occurred in Chicago during the
railway strike some years ago, when
rioting extended almost to the point
of anarchy and the torch was freely
used and several lives lost.
31 K. ROOSEVELT'S GENEROSITY.
President Roosevelt has of late
been distributing favors and favors
of great magnitude too with a lav
ish hand. And the most remarkable
thing about the whole matter is that
they are in matters over which he
has, or apparently has, no control
whatever. In the first place he sends
a representative to Indiana to be
stow upon Senator Fairbanks the re
publican nomination for the vice
presidency this a year or more be
fore the representatives of his party
are to meet to say who their choice is
for this place. Then he sends for
Senator Hanna to come to the White
house and then and there tenders
to him the chairmanship of his
party's national committee during
the next campaign. He not only of
fers the position to the senator, but
urges him to take it. When Mr.
Hanna hesitates and then refuses to
say that he will accept, then the
president begs him at least not to
say that he will refuse the proffered
position. Mr. Roosevelt is so persis
tent in urging acceptance on the
Ohio senator that one would think
that it was for some self-gratification
as well as through friendship
for Mr. Hanna that he wanted the
latter to accept the position.
In both the above the president's
schemes were a failure, but in the
next they were a brilliant success.
By the stroke of his pen he grants
liberty and a republican form of
government to three hundred and
eighty thousand people, the subjects
of a nation upon a distant conti
nent. This last achievement, the
equal of which is not recorded in
ancient or modern history, should
reconcile him to his failure in the
The baby republic is full-fledged now.
She has been formally recognized by the
president of the United States. She
will now look for formal recognition
from the other powers of the world.
The trouble with her is that should
she send a full diplomatic corps to all
the other nations there will hardly be
left enough men to fill the home offices.
Cuba, it seems, is not in a hurry to ad
mit the existence of the new republic.
That she of all others should hold back
such re?ognition is surprising. We
cannot see the reason for her waiting
for a lead jrom some of the South
American republics. The memory of
her struggles for liberty should cause
her to hasten in welcoming Panama into
the ranks of Anif rican republics.
While the public eye is turned to
wards Panama it should not be for
gotten that the Hon. H. A. Gudger,
of North Carolina, Is the accredited
United States Consul General down
there. He has been at Asheville
lately, but has been recalled to his
post of duty. By time he reaches
the isthmus the little muss will all
be over, and his chance to take a
prominent part and win glory for
himself will have been passed. He
is the sort of man to keenly regret
::.!- ng such an opportunity for no
toriety. Asheville Citizen.
Never mind. He got a good deal
of notoriety out of that revolution
which he cabled about, but which
was not pulled off.
Legal executions in South Caro
lina are now taking the place of
lynchings. we are glad to see. The
one at Union Friday was remarkable
in the respect that it occurred earlier
than the hour appointed, at the re
quest of the condemned. He knew
that it was inevitable and wanted to
have it over.
I Your Hair
falling out badly. I purchased a
bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigor, and
soon my hair stopped coming out."
Miss Minnie Hoover, Paris, 111.
Perhaps your mother
had thin hair, but that is
no reason why you must
go through life with half
starved hair. If you want
long, thick hair, feed it
with Ayer's Hair Vigor,
and make it rich, dark,
51.00 a bottle. All lnastu
It your druggist cannot supply you,
send us one dollar and we will express
you a bottle. Be sure and give the name
of your nearest express omce. Address ,
J. C. AYER CO., Lowell, Mass.
Vlin ftM Wlfnr firiarn
Back$Ld up by over a U""1 of a century
of remarlfeble.aild uniform cures, a record
such as i"1i other remedy for the diseases
and wejflkne8SCSS Pecu"ar to women ever
attaitfedjL ProPrieto and makers of
Dr. PiercBF 8 FavOTlte Prescription now feei
fullv wannted in offering to pay $500 in
legal monay of the United States, for any
case of iTtucorrhea, Female Weakness,
Prolapsus, I ?r Falling of Womb which they
cannot curc . All they ask is a fair and
reasonable tUjI of their means of cure.
They have tf.ost remarkable record
of cures made &tljs world-famed remedy
f ever placed tcjje redit of any prepara
tion especially desigToea tor the cure of
A beautiful Georgia lack, Vice-President of
the Eart End Palmetto CluVof Savannah, and
prominent socially there, tlaes the following
experience : "You certainly haJProduced the
finest medicine for sufferjtag womihat is to
be had in the country. I want to recommend
it especially to mothers. I was seventeenV'ears
old when my darling boy was born. Felt",.ry
exhausted and weak for a long time, ana- it
seemed I could not get my strength back. aty
sister-in-law bought me a bottle of Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription (after I had tried several
of the other remedies which are so much ad
vertised, and found no relief ). I had little faith
in the medicine at the time and was so weak
and sick that I felt discouraged, but within a
week after I had commenced taking your 'Pre
scription ' I was like a different woman. New
life and vitality seemed to come with, each suc
ceeding day, until, in a few weeks, I ws in fine
health, and a happy, hearty woman. My boy
is now two years old, and, thanks to your splen
did medicine, I am enjoying perfect health. If
at any time I feel tirea or in need of a tonic, a
few doses of your ' Favorite Prescription re
cuperates me at once. My address is No. 511
Jones Street, East, Savannah. Ga.
Mrs. Scsie Williams.
To Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y."
Accept no substitute for p Golden Med
ical Discovery." There is nothing "just
as good " for diseases of the stomach, blood
The Common Sense Medical Adviser,
1008 large pages in paper covers, is sent
free on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to
pay expense of mailing only. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are a ladies'
laxative. No other medicine equals them
for gentleness and thoroughness.
The Washington Pot calls attention
to the vigorous style in which the
Roosevelt papers of the north are not
saying anything good just now concern
ing Mr. Mark Hanna. On the contrary,
Our Washington namesake may know
that the democrats are not cutting any
figure in the way of paving the way for
Mr. Hanna to displace Mr. Roosevelt.
I The nomination of the latter will be
I more satisfactory to the democrats, pro
j vided the latter get back all of their
; sanity on or before the meeting of the
next National democratic convention.
It's just this way. If. the next presi
dent is to be a republican the south
would prefer Hanna to Roosevelt; but
with the right man on the right kind
of a platform the democrats would
stand better chance of victory in a
ainst Roosevelt than against
It is strange that the yellow fever
experts have been so completely
baffled in checking the epidemic of
that disease in Laredo. It was said
yellow fever had been conquered by
modern science, and the complete
success with which it had been at
tacked in Cuba seemed to verify the
statement, but it seems that the doc
tors have to try again before they
can establish their claim.
We suppose the country will know
on December 11th whether Mr. Han
na is going to remain at the
head of the republican national
committee or not. One can imagine
how anxiously Mr. Roosevelt awaits
the coming of that day. If Mr. Han
na refuses re-election it may be said
Mr. Roosevelt has an opponent and
a strong one for the nomination.
The law, the stern inexorable law and
the dignity thereof, has been upheld
in Charlotte. A man went into 'Squire
Hilton's court with his hat on last
Monday and was sent to jail for five
days for contempt of court. That was
more than some courts do to a man for
killing his fellowman. Monroe Enquir
er. Russian soldiers attacking Chinese
imperial troops in Manchuria does
not look much like preparations for
evacuation of that province. Per
haps the Russians were giving the
Chinese a parting shot.
If Emperor William obeys his
physician's injunctions against talk
ing and riding you may be sure he
thinks his condition serious.
TIIK LATE WHITE HOUSE
C03IEDY OF CUSTOMS.
How it Came to Pass That the Kings
Valets Wore Not Their
Recent advices from Washingroi.
bore the strenuous intelligence that by
order of the president the attendants
at the White House should hereafter
be clothed in appropriate livery-. But
according to the following from the
New York World it seems that this
was a mistake.
I. THE INSPIRATION.
"What this administration needs.
Loeb," said the president, "is more
color, more beauty, more scenery. ?o
"Yes, sire," assented Loeb.
"But how?" mused the president.
"Let's paint the White house reJ,"
"Good idea," said the president, "bit
wxe won't do it until my second term."
Loeb thought hard. Loeb thinking
hard reminds one of a, cuckoo clock.
"Ha!" said the president, hitting his
desk with a gold-plated axe some ad
mirer had sent him from Maine. "I
have it! I will put uniforms on the
varlets around the place."
"Great!" said Loeb. "Great! We'll
get a zouave uniform for Uncle Jerry
Smith and we'll put a drum major's
cap on Arthur Simmons, and Captain
Loeffler can wear my old uniform of
Albany Hose No. 1 and"
, ''Stop!" thundered the president
You talk like a string, of fish. I will
work out the details of this reform.'
Loeb looked out of the window. The
president wrote hurriedly. After 3
time he said: "Here is the nlan: We
will put blue uniforms with silver buf
tons on the ushers and red uniforms
with gold buttons on the messengers,
and white uniforms with buff trim
mings on the stenographers, and yel
low uniforms with gold sashes on the
lhe president stopped. Then he
jumped to his feet. "By Godfrey!" he
shouted. "This idea is too great to be
devoted to mere servants. We'll uni
form everybody. We'll devise a cos
tume for the government clerks and
we'll ng out the house of representa
tives and the senate. I will get ur
something brilliant for the cabinet."
"Great!" said Loeb. "and what will
"I think." announced the president
"that my dress uniform will be a com
bination of the striking features of
the uniform of the general of the army
and the admiral of the navy. I'm boss
of both you know."
"Great!" shouted Loeb.
"Hey!" peeped an unidentified man
who had pushed his way into lha
room. "How about a striped costuiiio
for those postoffice thieves?"
Great excitement prevailed. The un
identified man was hurled out on the
$3-000 tennis court.
II. THE REALIZATION.
Several days were given to complet
ing the plans. Inasmuch as the uni
forms for the ushers, blue with sllvor
buttons, were simpler than the otheiFv
it was decided to get that lot ready
Work progressed rapidly. The pres
ident was de-hght-ed.
"Won't it be fine." he asked his vis
itors, "to see the stately Senator Hoxr
in a shad-bellied waistcoat of drab,
with a purple coat and pinic small
clothes? And Joe Cannon in top boots.
red breeches ind a lavender coat with
i. 1 J 1 t 1 A w . .
siociv ana a orass neimeir in vi.
"Great!" said the visitors.
The uniforms for the ushers were
ready. The story was printed. Imme
diately there came forcible remarks
from all parts of the country.
"Is this an empire or a. republic?"
some of tne questioners had the nerr
"When did you get to be
mother distresing Inquiry.
The mails were Hooded.
. "It's evi-
tors went so far as to say
"Ha." said the president
dent the proletariat does not apprecl-
xte the artistic touch I sought to give
to my administration. 1 am a candi
date for election next year. I must de
list until I am safely in the White
House for a full term."
That evening the blue uniforms wcrs
sent to the attic.
II. THE CULMINATION.
Next day there wa.s much activity at
the White House. Newspaper report
ers were told sometning important was
about to happen.
Precisely at noon Secretary Lo2b
came out ana handed the assembled
to uniform the attaches of the White
news gathers typewritten slips of pa
per. The reporters read:
'In view of the criticism of the plan
House and some others the president
feels impelled to say that the plan
originated with Secretary Loeb.
'The president originally gave some
slight consideration to Mr. Loeb's prop
osition, but maturer reflection causes
him to announce that the proposition
made bv Mr. Loeb was ill-advised and
ill-considered and he has ordered Mr.
Loeb to discontinue the preparations
and to drop the matter entirely.
"The president desires to state thc.t
Mr. Loeb acted in entire good faith in
the matter, but as the plan was whol
ly Mr. Loeb's and the president dis
claims all responsibility. Mr. Loob
will, of course, accept whatever criti
cism there is, although tne president
feels constrained to say the plan must
have been an error of the head and not
of the heart."
Moral They also serve who stand
and take it in the neck.
SAMUEL G. BLYTHE.
Federation Sympathizes With Chica
Boston, Mass.. November 13. A mass
of resolutions was delivered to the sec
retary of the American Federation of
Labor today, and in order that the va
rious committees might consider them.
the convention was adjourned until
tomorrow, one hour after the delegates
had assembled. The business of the
convention was in grave danger of
being seriously blocked by the resolu
tions, which numbered 2S1. The fea
ture of the brief session was the adop
tion of a resolution expressing sympa
thy for the street railway men of Chi
cago in their strike, together with the
hope that an early settlement might
be reached. Secretary Morrison tele
graphed the action of the convent' on
to the strikers.
Miners Will Return to Work
Louisville. Colorado. November 13.
As a result of the concession of an
eight hour day by the operators all of
the striking miners in the northern
coal fields will return to work Monday
morning. This was practically de
cided- at a conference here this af
ternoon between the operators and a
committee representing all unions in
Clfans-is ai 1 beamifiee the hIr.
I'romotts a luxuriant growth.
N?-7'rr .aile o He?tore Gray
Kst to its Yortuful Color.
t:h.f c.ffi.'- a: he.ir I filling.
All kinds ot ods
usually kept by a
Procure prices before
S. P. McNMR,
North Water Street
vrrs tj..r- rr -mi
...i . .1 .u . . .
similaling foe Food andRcguIa
ling the Stomachs and Bowels
.fioTtnJcin SeeJf" v i
Bi CcrbonoJeSoZa i
WirmSted - i
Ctarifud Sugar I
ItSntetyrnen. Flavor. J
A perfect Remedy for Cons 'Jpa
Ron, Sour Stonvach,Diarrhoca
Worms Convulsions ,Feverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature oT
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
1000 Cases 1 Pound Beef $1 Dozen.
Small Average Pic Nic Hams 7c Per Pound.
WILMINGTON. N. C.
Vertical System of Filing.
Card Index System.
Card Ledger System.
Card Index Drawers and Cabinets.
We have the Agency for Tawnan &
Erbe Manufacturing Company's Goods
and carry a full line of samples.
Robt. C. DeRosset,
BELL PHONE 2.
THESE CIGARS AltE BETTER
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H. L V0LLERS.
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Bagging and Ties .
Another Cargo of Salt
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THT CCMJUK CCMMNV. NEW YORK CITY.
THE UNLUCKY CORNER
We have Oranges, Figs. Malaga
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Better give us your order now for
S. W. SANDERS
109 BOTH PHONES. 109.
500 lbs. Hatchet Tobacco 33c.
1,000 lbs. Battle Axe Tobacco, 33c.
3,000 lbs. Favorite Tobacco, 20c.
1,500 lbs. ilaginty Tobacco, 30c.
1,000 lbs. Rosedale Tobacco, 18c.
200 lbs. Drum Nat. Leaf Tobacco 58c.
All delivered in 100 lbs lots and over. 100
cases A. & H. Soda 1-2 lb. 60 lb. cases,
Guaranteed first-class stock. Full as
sortment, Nuts, Raisins, Cocoanuts,
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943 Kegs Mullet, Cape Fear Brand.
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THE F. E. HASHACEN CO.
210 MARKET ST. 'PHONE 447.
ft iP I"
' J JLZ JSZZB,