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WIIiMESrGTON N.C.JANUARYS 1904.
VOL. XXXVI E No. a
81.00 PER YEAR
EVERY THEATRE iS CLOSED
$100,000 FIRE FIND GUILTY
WAR SEEMS ALMOST CERTAIN
Mayor Harrison Will
With all the
SECRET OF THE FIRE DISCOVERED
The Theatre Managers Made a Vain
Effort to Secure a Postponement of
the Order Which Compelled Them
to Close Up Certain Provisions
That Every Py House Must Com
ply "With lie fore They Can Open
' A Estimate is Made That Over
$100,000 Worth of Diamonds, Jew
elry and Other Personal Property
Was Lost in the Fire.
Chicago. January 2. Tonight every
theatre in the city of Chicago is dark
and with doors locked. Not one of
them will be opened to the public un
til their managers have complied in
the fullest manner with every section
of the ordinances regulating play
houses. The order compelling the theatres
to close was issued this afternoon by
Mayor Harrison after a conference
with Corporation Counsel Tolman,
who assured the mayor that ample
legal ground existed for his action.
Seventeen theatres and museums
were closed last night and the sweep
ing order of the mayor today shut
the doors of sixteen more. These last
are the leading theatres in th busi
ness section of the city and are the
fc'tudebaker, Grand Opera House, Busn
Temple, Calumet, Cleveland. Great
Northern, Hay Market, Hopkins Peo-
pie's Institute, Trocadero and Colum
Hn foVickers. LaSalle, Garrick, Illi-
nois, Foyers. The lastz are
' " a
controlled by Messrs. Powers B. Davis,
the managers of the m-ratea iroquws.
The Garrick closed today is not to be
confounded with the Garrick theatre
closed yesterday, it being one of the
largest playhouses in the city, while
the one concerning which action was
taken yesterday is a much smaller af
fair in the northwestern portion of
The seventeen places of amusement
which were shut last night were
closed for the one reason that they
were not provided with an asbestos
curtain. The further action taken to
day is in consequence of violations of
ether sections of the ordinance regu
lating theatres. p
There was a hasty rush of theatri- -cal
managers to the office of Mayor
Harrison in the effort to secure rhe
withdrawal, or at least a postpone- ;
ment of the order, but their recep
tion was of an exceedingly frosty .
They were informed by the mayor
that the inspectors had reported in :
the case of every one ol the violations ;
f the law and he was determined :
that it should not be said hereafter f
the city had neglected anything which
notiHnn nf thP hor- !
rrrnVL; wJS nnPmnnn.
iv,, - ' - " I
me iaci mai ine u
in the Iroquois theatre was so badly
wrecked by tne nre tnat cnarrea pur- ,
tions of it have been carried away!
L invtntinir rmmlttesi
caused the mayor to decide that as- ' Plaints received of the loss of person
bestos curtains could not be relied al effects from the bodies of the fire
upon to afford the most complete victims coroner's office, clerks esti
protection. It was announced that mate that $100,000 worth of dia-
,. M,TO in th oitv must here- I monds, watches. Jewelry, furs and
after comply with the following pro- J
ntr y,fo ,oV will v niinwPrt
'"'V" w i
x , . ,
oicci n v-"' ...w., ...v.. ; at tne morgues. Much or -the prop
combustibles of any kind In the house t ert of value was undoubtedly lost.
rumisnmgs, nre prooiea wene,,,
caicium or spoi to u ;
on the stage, skylights above the stage,
provided with automatic lids to per- ,
mit tne egress ox smuKt. are aim b.
separate stairways each exit having
Its own stairs leading to the street.
After Issuing his sweeping order.
lfovnr Hnrnsnn sn?n?
"I do not wish to assume respon-
siblllty for these theatres. My order
was issued to make it certain that no
precaution to insure the safety or au- i Creigier had found a diamond pin
diences had been neglected. It Is ' holding a stone as large as a pea, and
quite probable that the owners of the j valued at-JEOO. Mr. Cregier added the
theatres may sustain serious financial' to the collection of effeils dis-
loss, but in view of the conditions of plaTyed for purposes of ident Iteatlon.
the play houses we cannot take any j Mayor Harrison today received a
risk, and if the law had been fully j letter from Coroner Traeger suggest
complied with in the first place there , ing that a public funeral be held in
would have been no question of clos- the near future of the unidentified
ng them now. The Auditorium, which ! dead. The mayor agreed heartily
is the only theatre left open in Chica- : with the suggestion,
go, has a steel roll curtain, and j it also proposed to build a monu
this seems to be the only curtain that : ment by popular subscription in hon
affords absolute protection against j or of the unidentified dead. This sug-
-fire, in view of the fact that the Ire- ' gestion came from Coroner Traeger
quois curtain was destroyed, I have ; and was approved by Mayor Harri-
.determined as far as possible to see ? son.
that the other play houses are ,sim- The number of dead Is now deflnite
Ilarly provided." j ly known to be 587. Of those 575
It Is a noteworthy fact Jhat Build- ; have been identified. The remaining
Ing Commissioner Williams who is twelve bodies were tonight upon order
now charged with mansiaugnter, in . of the coroner removed to the coun
connection with the greatest fire hor- ty morgue where . they will be kept
ror the country has ever experienced, I hereafter.
owes his appointment to a tragedy of J
-similar nature, but, of much less ex- j Oklost of the State colleges and schools
tenU which occurred two years ago. wm reopen this week for ths spring
Mr. Williams predecessor va.ca.tea nis
office after the burning of the St.
Luke's sanitarium at 20th street and
Wabash avenue. This was the insti
tution in which a score of men euf-
f ering from delirium tremens were
burned to death while strapped to
their beds. Mr. Williams was selected
with the idea that he was the proper
man to see that no such catastrophe
could happen again.
Fire Inspector Monroe Fulkerson
tonight announced that he had finally
discovered the secret of the fire. The
asbestos curtain upon which the
safety of the audience depended was,
according to Mr. Fulkerson. blocked
in its descent by a steel reflector,
carelessly left open by a stage hand.
While one end -of the curtain got
within five et of the stage, the other
was suspended twenty leet above it.
and beneath it swept the flood of
flame that carried death to so many
The first step toward a definite con
clusion as to the cause of the fire
was made when William McCullen.
operator of the "spot" light threw
the blame upon another electric light
nearby. The task was completed
when Mr. Fulkerson followed uo a
clue furnished by John A. Mazzoni.
a stage hand, and discovered the
deadly reflector still open in the ruins
of the theatre. The wire used in the
aeriel ballet, mentioned as a possible
cause of the curtains failure to reach
the stage, was proven to have been
out of tne way Df tne curtain as it
On each ride of the prosceneum
arch at the theatre, was a metallic re
flector, conclave in form, 20 feet long
and studded throughout its entire
length with incandescent lights. Nor
mally these lights fitted into niches
in the masonry, but when in use were
swung out In order that the lights
might be thrown upon the performers
upon the stage. Their greatest width
when opened, was fourteen inches.
When both reflectors were in place,
the fire curtain had no impediment
ill iia uui .ni-i j uo
in its course, but with either swung
outward the descending curtain could
not get below the reflectors top. Care
lessness of some employe, whose Iden
tity it will be the effort of the police
to ascertain tomorrow, resulted in the
combination of the open reflector and
falling curtain, which iost nearly 600
Mozzoni who was employed as a
scene shifter was one of the first of
the stage hands to be placed under
arrest. After his release this after
noon on bond of $50,000, he disclosed
the truth of the misplaced reflector
to Fire Inspector Fulkerson.
"I stood near the switchboard from
which the fire started, said Mozzoni,
when I saw the flames shooting up
from the drapery near the lamps. The
wire curtain was coming down as I
looked up and almost at the same
time I saw that the second was lowei
than the other. I looked close and
1 could see that It was caught. J. ran
up on the bridge on' the north side
to get the curtain free, but failed.
When I looked again, a few seconds
later a great sheet of flame was dart
ing under the curtain and Into the
faces of the people."
Inspector Fulkerson taking wit
neeses with him, at once went to th
theatre where he found that although
the flames had whipped the asbestos
curtain Into sheds, the reflector which
hafl blocked its descent was still in
the ostlon stand by Moz20nl.
.From the large number of com
Jjher property was lost In the tire,
Many of the victims had money in
their possession which could not be
fcund when the bodies were examined
Lut a ,arffe rimount may nava uoen
stoien by ghouls. The largest amount
pinmMi to the earments of a waman.
of cUrxePcy recovered was $403. found
, Superintendent of Street Cleaning
j Solon and a force of men wen; tQ the
, tions tQ 4.lean u most tnoroURWy A,
l . . v. . . ,
i me men sei 10 wor iney exvmineu
every scrap for jewels, articles of
clothing and trinkets. The. order was
issued after City Custodian DeWitt C
term. after the holidays. Wilmington's
contingent of college boys and gir'.s
will begin leaving today and by the
end of the week all of them will kv
returned to their ffrprfc,
A Terrible Conflagration
Visited Wilson this
About a Quarter of a Million Pounds
Were Burned In nil About 12
Buildings Were Burned, all of Them
Being Completely Destroyed The
Fire Department Fought Valiantly,
B.it it Was Several Hours Before
Ue Flames Were Gotten Under
Control Tin; Loss is Partially In
sured, A telephone message at 1 clock
this morning from Wilson to The Mes
senger brought the information that a
terrible fire was raging in the heart
of the business section of the city
and was threatening to do extensive
damage. The estimated loss at that
time, when four large buildings had
been burned was $60,000. After two
o'clock another message was received
stating that the flames were under
control, but much more damage had
resulted and the total loss will probr
ably reach $100,000. lierore tne
Rocky Mount fire company, which
had been appealed to for aid, could
respond, the fire was under control
and the request was countermanded.
The fire started in Cooper ana
Watson's warehouse at 11:45 p. m.
and the building was totally destroy
ed. About 30,000 pounds of tobacco
was stored in the building.
The flames spread from the ware
house to an adjoining tnree-story
brick building belonging to the W. J.
Batts estate. This building was also
totally destroyed. The first floor of
the building was occupied by Webb's
saloon, but the second and third
stories were unoccupied.
The Batts. building being a tall
structure caused the flames to leap
across the street, setting fire to the
Centre Warehouse, occupied by Co-
zart. Gogles and Carr. About 30,000
pounds of tobacco was also stored in
this building, which was totally ae-
Another warehouse belonging xo
Woodard and Jones was also totally
The building belonging to the Batts
estate and the Centre warenouse
were both brick buildings. The
other warehouses were two story
It was pouring down rain In Wil
son last night, but still the fire pom
panies were unable to get the' fire
The total amount of insurance car
ried on the different buildings could
not be learned last night. Cooper and
Watson had $4,500 on their ware
house, but this will not cover the
It was learned at 2:15 a. m. that
eight other buildings had been de
stroyed, but at that time the fire was
The other buildings burned were:
A one story brick building owned by
W. H. Morris, and occupied by Lewis
and Cooper's bar room.
One story brick building owned by
W. H. Morris and occupied by Hayes
and Son, groceries.
Two story brick livery stable, build
ing owned by J. P. Wiggins and livery
business by John G. Moore.
Two story brick livery stable, on
the opposite side of the street.. Build
ing owned by J. P. Wiggins and livery
business bv W. T. Cork.
Two story frame building owned by
J. P. Wiggins and occupied by Young
and Hargrove's blacksmith shop.
One story frame building owned by
F. A. Woodard and used as a restaurant-One
story frame building owned by
F. A. Woodard and occupied by Mr.
T. Davis saloon.
Ten pin alley owned by F. A.
Woodard, run by John Brogdon.
Two story frame livery stable own
ed and occupied by Edwards Broth
ers. All of the above buildings were to
A telegram was sent to Rocky
Mount asking for assistance, but at
2 o'clock the Rocky Mount company
had not started, so the request was
In less than two hours and a half
more than one hundred thousand dol
lars worth of property was destroyed.
This is a very conservative estimate
of the loss, many thinking that it
will exceed this sum.
About a quarter, of a million pounC3
of tobacco was burned. Two horses
were burned at Cooper and Watson's
The firemen, assisted by hundreds
of the citizens, fought the flames
heroically. The fire would rage
fiercely on one side of the street for
awhile and then sweep across to the
The principal buildings destroyed
were either warehouses n or livery
stables. The warehouses had many
thousand "pounds of tobacco stowed
away in them and this caused the fire,
when once started, to burn rapidly.
After the fire had once gained good
headway In the warehouses it would
have been almost impossible to have
saved any of them with the most
modern fire fighting apparatus.
Formal Proceedings to
Fix Blame for the
Pi weeding Against Managers Davis
and Powers Were Brought on Com
plaint or Mr. Hall, "Whose Family
Perished in the Flames Twenty
3Ien Arrested In Connection With
the Fire Were Also Arraigned All
the Hearings Were Postponed for
a Few Days and Heavy Bonds
Placed Over the Defendants.
yWism ahrdlu etaoin cmfwy vbgkqjm
Chicago, January 2. 'Formally charg
ed with manslaughter. Managers Wall
J. Davis and Harry J. powers, cf the
Irioquois theatre, with City Building
Commissioner Willams were today held
under bonds of $10,000 each. Arthur
H Hall, whose family peilshed in the
threatre fire and who was the complain
ant, was present, when the two thea
tre managers and the city- officials un
derwent the ordeal of facing the
The hearing of the case was set for
The arraignment took place at the
home of justice Underwood, where the
accused presented themselves accom.
panied by Counsel. An officer iead the
warrants. The bonds, however, were
quickly read and the defendants were
released until the day set for arraign
ment in court.
"This is not a vindictive proceeding
announced the complainant's attorney,
"and we feel disposed to refralrWrom
causing any one any unnecessary an
noyance. In vtiew of the investigation
now being carried on by the authorities
we feel that this proceeding can. ba
" "The purpose of this proceeding Is,
first, to place these men under bonds
and to hold them by means of legal
process. Secondly, Mr. Hull desires to
spur the authorities to a complete i.n
vestigation of the catastrophe. In the
third place, if the official investigation
is side tracked into small fry this pro.
ceeding will reach the persons who oc
cupy the position of the Keystor.s ot
the whole affair. It appeared to my
clieat to be a mockery to arrest stage
carpenters and men and women in a
minor capicity, while others who occu
pied much more prominent posit'ons
were allowed to go free. He feels that
the responsibility ought to be fixed
upon who ever Is guilfty.
"On behalf of Davis and Power?. 1
will say that they are going to meet
tha issue squarely' said the defendants
attorney. "Both have -a clear con
science In this proceeding and Intend
to act their part as men should."
This ended the proceedings for 'the
Twenty men arrested in connection
with the Iroquois theatre tragedy were
arraigned before Justice Cavsrly In th
Harr'son street police court today on a
charge of manslaughter. Five of the
defendants were members of the chorus
of the "Mr. Blue Beard" Company
and were defended by Attorney Thom
as Hogah. No testimony was riven
in court and It was immediately agreed
that a continuance be granted. Most
of the time was devoted to on effort .oy
the attorney to have the bonds of his
clients reduced from the 15,000 In which
they had been held. In the nd th
bond3 in each case were reduced to
$1,000 and the cases placed on the cal
endar for hearing January llth.
Attorney Hogan told the magistrate
that his clients had nothing to do with
the management, construction or hand
ling of the scenery. He said they con
tinued singing evn after the au31enc
became panic stricken in a vain effort
to elliy the fear of the frightened au
dience. The other defendants will have a
hearing before Justice Caverly Mon
day. Their bonds were placed at $3,000
H-H-M-i-H 1 1 1 1 : : : h-m-
heath of General Lonjrstreet. v
Atlanta, Ga., January 2.
General James Longstreet.
soldier, statesman and diplo
mat, and the last lieutenant
general of the Confederate
army with the exception of
General Gordon, died in
Gainesville, Ga.. this after
noon at 6 o'clock from an at
tack of acute pneumonia. He
had been ill two days.
General Longstreet was a
sufferer from cancer of one
eye, but his general health
had been good until Wednes
day, when he was seized with
a sudden cold, developing
UteMnto pneuSnl. Tof violent"
nature. He was 84 years old.
He Is survived by his wife,
four sons and a daughter. He
will be buried In Gainesville,
which has been his home
since the civil war.
I-H-M-M I M-! I-M-IM-1 H W
In St. Petersburg the Situation is Re
garded as Very Serious
THE RUSSIAN REPLY NOT YET SENT
Accounts of Inter-State Commerce
Coommission to be Investigated.
Washington, January 2. Treasury
Department experts today lastltmted
an investigation of the accounts of the
Inter-State CommerceCommission. The
action Is taken at the instance of
Acting Chairman Clements of the com
mission, as e result of persistent ru
mors of Irregularities in the drawing
of vouchers, etc When the expert ac
countants. Nathaniel M. Ambrose and
Richard H. Taylor, and James L
Chase, the latter of the office of the
auditor for the State and other depart
ments, reached the commission today,
they sealed the safe and examined Sec
retary Edward A. Moseley, H. S- Mll
stead, the cashier, and other em
ployees. MHstead has not been sus
pended. Acting Chairman Clements stated to
day that he did not knorw that any-
thing was wrong, but that the rumors
had become so persistent that they
could no longer be ignored, and the
Treasury department was therefore
asked to taks charge of the accounts.
Mr. Moseley is under $25,000 as dis
It is understood that the rumors In
clude allegations of payments madefor
service at one place, while the payee
was engaged elsewhere and similar ir
regular methods. The Investigation
will be thorough and every phase of
the accounting work of the commission
will be thoroughly overhauled. The
commission handles about $275,000 an
nually, the bulk of this being for sala
ries, traveling expenses, supplies, etc.
The payments axe by warrants, drawn
o nthe treasury. H, S. Mil stead per
forms the duties of cashier, but Ed-
ward A, Moseley, the Secretary cf the
commission is in charge of all the ac-
counting work. Acting Commissioner
Clements, who is head of the co.-nmis-
sion in the absence of Chairman
Knapp, in New York city, said that he
did not regard the situation as start-
ling and that he did not believe any
wrongful conduct should be found, but
that it was the unanimous opinion of
the commission that the rumors should
be inquired into by experts to ascer
tain the exact facts.
A PLEASANT RECEPTION.
Mrs. Hunter Smith Entertains In
Honor of a New Orleans Lady-
Other Fayctteville News-
(Special to The Messenger.)
Fayetteville. January 2. Mr. J. A.
King, tne prominent ouiespie eiirm
carriage and harness dealer, who oas
been for &ome days in the Marsh -
Highsmlth hospital with a badly frac -
tured ankle is getting on wen. ana
will De sparea me ampuiaiion ui ""
I'e ftn w rerfriencJ
on Green street. Mrs. Hunter G. Smith
gave a charming reception to a lew
friends, complimentary to Mrs. jnni
C. Gorham. of New Orleans. 1 he
cards were received at the door byl
Misses Alice Haigh Underwood and
Mary Anna Drake, and the guests
were greeted in the hall by Mrs. Hun
ter G. Smith and Miss Lillian Slocomb
In the drawing room received Mts
dames J. C. Gorham, H. M. Pemberton
W. E. Kyle. J. C. McDiarmid. B, C.
Gorham L C. Wooten. H. McD. Rob
inson. M. J. Pembrton. E. Williams.
The guests were conducted to the
nunch room by Mesdames W. Frank
Blount and S- H. Strange, where Mist
Lina Pemberton served delicious fru't
punch in a grotto of woodland ever
greens, through the boughs of which
filtered the ruddy glow of crimson
lights. In the dining room preside!
Misses Fannie Williams. Mary McNeill
Rosie Dodd and Eloise McDiarmid.
where in the centre chandeliers and
fln hrancifd candelabra formed a
glittering canopv. from which depend
ed in festoon garlands of narrow red
ribbon, and beneath flashed the daimy
service of cut glass, china, ana sliver.
From the dining room the visitors wert
ushered into the north parlor, wner
Mesdames J D. Williams and John
Underwood and Miss Hawley "apd
thv tartine euests." The decorations
were in red and white, with pottei
plants and ferns grouped through thel
parlors In profusion. A string orchis-1
tra m an alcove gave fine music
Postmaster McCaskeli is every day
now expecting the appointments from!
Washington of the free delivery mall I
! I carriers for this city, the system going
.4-Hntr sfre?t on the 1st or February.
H Mr. J. R. Boyd, manager of tn-
Postal and Commercial caoie som-
4- panv inj this city, has received an oner
i-1 of a like position in the same company
4. at petersDurg. v a., in a veTy compu-
5 JHffZ T' 'tJT
ju . rille friends are glad to know that he
: win aeciine me vnxcr.
4-J (Special to T MesseT.)
h , Raleigh. K. C. January z. The stats
4 charters ths Durham Lumber Com-
pany with a capital stock of $25,Cf.
Itnssia Has Decided Not to Accept
Japan's Precise Proposal, Bat Of
ficiAls Arc Still Trying to Arrive M
an Amicable Adjustment Cfydo
Engineers Receive Cable Orders to
Frocced to Japan at Once mad U is
Probable They Will bo CaSetf ta
Active Service The War Party fc
Russia Is In the Ascendant.
FBKrST. JANUARY 1.-IXFORUA-TION
IN THE POSSESSION OF TOO
BEST INFORMED DIPLOMATS IK
PEKIN CONVINCES THEM rHAT
WAR IS INEVITABLE. IXX3SLBL5
WITHIN A FEW DAY8.
St. Petersburg. January a Ap.
pears to be true that RusU has eci
ed not to accept Japan's prec se propo
Sals. But the fnrplirn Afft
day informed the Associated Press that
Freirn Ulster Lamsdorf sad tba
Japanese Minister M. Kurine. are still
O " vmvu .a VE
conferring with the view of arrivfof;
at an amicable settlement.
Unofficially the situation Is regards
as being most serious.
Tokio. Japan, January 2. Th repsrt
is current that the Japanese squadroa
of six armored cruisers under Admiral
Kamimura, now at Saseho. will seize
the port of Maaampho, Korea, and that
its departure has been fixed for Janu
ary 4th. In well Informed circle, how
ever, it Is doubted that Japan woufS
seize Masamph or any Korean port.
except to forestall Russia, in tha es-ant
j of the latter showing evidences of oay;
intention to take a step or in ttie event
I f the negotiation between tao twf
I countries finally ending in failure.
I threat activity prevails and tne fores
I of workmen has been increased at the
1 aiia arsenel. The holiday's of the
arsenel operatives have been ourtald
in order to hurry up the work im hand.
Glasgow, January 2. a large somber
of Clyde marine engineers rece.ved ca
ble orders from the Japanese govern
ment today to proceed immediately to
Japan. These engineers were asrored
by the Japanese government six
months ago, on the understand! that
they would be called on If active ser
vice was probable. Full lnstruotianM
were sent them in cipher. They will go
to the Far East by war of Canada.
leaving January 5th.
London, January Z.Vio irord has
I yet been received here telling to show
1 when the Russian reply to Japan may
j be expected. Foreign Secretary Lani-
i downe has informed Baron ITa1
the Jaoanesa mlnftr fha h trm
the Pty in Russia is In the &a
I cendant and that he has faint bop
I or japan receiving a favoraois reply.
Baron Ilayashl says he has recetvtia
I no ne-wa of the Intend! A!ratjH nt a
Japanese squadron to Masamp- o. rhO
last news he heard was that a Rus-
sian cruiser was there. The mla!sier
pointed out that the dispatch of a
squadron to Masampho would not ne
cessarily be a wor-Mke action, though
it could scarcely help being reg?rdX
in the line of other precautloas wteh.
Japan has openly taken.
PRESIDENT BURT RESIGNS.
Wishes to Give Up Position With the
Union Pacific and Secure a Rest.
Omaha, Neb., January 2.Horace
O. Burt, president of the Union Pa
cific railroad, has handled his resig
nation to the directors. It is under
stood that it will be acted unoa at
the next meeting of tne board wiich
will be held In the near future. At
Mr. Burt's office it waa stated thtt he
will take an extensive trip with Mrs.
Burt for the purpose of securing rest.
ills active railroad service hs ex-
tended over 35 years, and it is stated
he feels need of a complete rest- Ihe
trip 'will be of several months dura
tion. ' -
Mr. Burt's resignation, it was learn
ed, has been In the hands of tha di
rectors for some time, although the
fact was not made public until tomor
row. It is not believed that the board
will refuse to accept It, as Mr, Burt
has been very explicit In his expres
sion of a desire to retire from tie
The matter of selecting a nsw pres
ident foe the Union Pacific has created
considerable Interest and speculation,
as to a successor for Mr. Burt has In
cluded a wide range of names. At
Union Pacific headquarter, however,
no opinion was officially ventured as
to who will in future contrsl tSie af
fairs ef the company.