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Henderson daily dispatch. (Henderson, N.C.) 1914-1995, August 04, 1932, Image 4

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fctoHOU AOm» lx l>ak
WMI»W4 *rrr» AtlwaM*
, >w<n <Nr
ammox distatci co - no.
•t II T«aafe llrtvl
MNRT A DENNIS. Pres. 4nd Editor
M. L FINCH. Sec-Treas and Bus. M*r.
Editorial Office 600
Boclttx Editor *!•
BusifiSM Office 610
The Ilendt-rson Dally Dispatch is a
member of the Associated Press, News
paper Enterprise Association, South
ern Newspaper Publishers Association
and the North Carolina Press Associa
The Associated Press Is exclusively
entitled to uee for repuhllcatlon all
dispatches credited to it or not
otherwise credited in this paper, and
also the local news published herein.
▲U .rights of publication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Payable Strictly la Advaaee.
one Tear 96. M
Kix Months I.6tf
Three Months 1.6#
j>»r Copy ... .66
notice: to scbscribkrs.
7-ook at the printed label on yonr
paper. The date thereon shows when
the subscription expires. Korward
pour money in ample time for re
newal. Notice date on label carefully
and If not correct, please notify ue at
opce. Subscribers dt-airin* the address
•n their paper changed, please state In
thatr communication both the OLD
and NEW address.
Isttessl A<r«rlMs( Representatives
»*• Park Avenue, New fork City; >5
mast Wacker Drive. Chicago; Walton
Building. Allan's; Security Bulldlug
Bt. Louie.
Entered at the post office in Hender
poa. N. C., as second class mall matter
ing. and glory, and wisdom. and
thanksgiving, and honour, and power,
and might, be unto our God for ever
and ever —Revelation 7:12.
Democracy's candidate for governor
in North Carolina, J. C. B. Ehring
haus. already is making good on one
of > the Campaign pledges he (pave
prior to the recent primaries, namely,
the determination to study the pro- '
blems of the State in advance of tak
ing the oath and assuming the duties
of the office.
Mr. Ehringhaus has just announced
that he intends to spend as much time
me possible in Raleigh familiarizing
himself with the tasks that will face
him when he goes into office. And
it is our judgment that he will make
Just that much better governor be
cause he is doing this very thing.
Within the coming four years,
North Carolina will have a burden
some debt liquidating obligation to
meet: Millions of dollars worth of
bonds that were issued eight and ten.
and a dozen ago for roads and
schools and State institutions will be
falling due each year. If even a rea
sonable measure of prosperity should
come back, the load will be easier to
carry, but if anything like the pre
sent conditions are to continue, it will
be a herculean task to find away to
meet these obligations.
While returning prosperity would
tend to lighten that load, it would
probably create other problems in an
other direction. When business makes
a real move, rather than a gesture,
toward normal conditions, it is just
possible that there may be /recur
rences of the High Point labor dispute
of last month, not necessarily in that
city, but elsewhere, for North Caro
lina despite the depression, is coming
more and more to be an industrial
commonwealth and it must wrestle
with the growing pains that are ex
perienced by traveling through such a
process of transformation and de
velopment. If there are strikes, the
governor of the State will be called
upon more than once to Intervene to
ward a settlement.
Then there is the problem of taxa
tion which is closely related to the
debt question and the one is ag
gravated hy the other. They go hand
in hand. Were it not for debts, the
tax load in the State and all of its
political sub-divisions would be light
ened by almost a half even now. But
these things are with us, and will be
with us during the lifetime of the
present generation and will have to
be handled after a fashion. There is
always the clamor for lower taxes,
and the difficulty also of cutting them
Mr. Ehringhaus will find a use for
Rli the information he gains and all
the knowledge he acquires of tha
routine operation of the State's com
plex activities. Hig determination td
study is a wise decision. He goes Iq
school again, this time to get for hlm
•elf knowledge of an Intensely prac
tical nature.
Individual citizens will put the
wrong construction upon the Federal
government’s $300,000,000 relief fund
,Jf they suppose this will take care of
the entire need in this country dur-.
Ing the coming winter. It is not In
tended to be a substitute for private
relief efforts, but only a supplement
to that high endeavor in local com
munities, whose resources should be
exhausted before resort is had to this
bounty of the government. Not that
the government Is any better, perhaps
to lend a helping hand than thb in
dividual, but, primarily, it ia not the
function nor the duty of the govern-
ment to administer relief, except as
a last resort. \
The $300,000,000 fund will not be
sufficient to meet tbe needs. It Wla
made available beoaQse local re
sources could not go the whole dis
tance, and was never Intended to dis
place the work that has been car
ried on. But there is a possibility that
the situation may become critical
through the failure or refusal of
States, cities and counties to hold up
their end. Discussing this phase of
relief work for the winter, the New
York Times says:
"In the outline of the plan of the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
it is stated incidentally that the re
sources of the Association of Com
munity Chests and Councils are at its
disposal to aid in administering the
fund. This association has country
wide information on community re
sources and can offer expert local
personnel In tbe allocation of relief.
But Mr. J. Herbert Case, the president
of the association, announces that ‘the
foremost difficulty' in their program
of ‘continuous stimulation’ of private
gifts is the ‘existence of the new,
though indispensable, fund of $300.-
000.000 for relief advances to the
States.’ The first tendency is ‘to quit
or shirk,’ in view of the outside re
* That there is ground for this fear
is unhappily evident. In one large
city where steps had been taken for
carrying on a campaign for the com
ing Winter the president of the com
mittee stated that inasmuch as ‘the
Federal relief bill was passed it would
not be necessary to go through the
motion *of staging a campaign.’ Cit
izen committees in Pittsburgh and
Philadelphia, which last year raised,
the one $5,500,000 and the other $lO,-
000.000, have disbanded, and there are
reports of similar occurences in other
parts of the country. The President
in signing the bill making the $300,-
000.000 available which ‘furnishes a
backlog of assurance' against absolute
want did so in the expectation that
no State would resort to it ‘except as
a last extremity.’ In supplement of
what is given by the States and com
munities from publtc and private
sources, it will relieve anxiety by its
reserves, but as a substitute for this
it may have calmitous results.
“One thing, especially. private
philanthropy can do which it is dif
ficult for public relief to attempt. The
latter must be limited usually to meet
ing existent absolute need, while pri
vate funds may be used to avert such
a state, to avoid moral disaster, to
prevent the breaking up of homes, or
to maintain the integrity of influences
that make for character. To dry up
these sources of human sympathy and
neighborly aid would be to deny help
to those who are trying ‘to hold them
selves on their normal levels of use
fulness’ to the community.
"Our American institutions had
their foundations in individual re
sponsibility with mutual helpfulness.
T > relieve the Individual of concern
for his neighbor except that which
shows itself in public aid is to change
radically the spirit of our social or
der. The sequence should be, first,
private helpfulness, then community
relief, with State supplement if these
are not adequate. After that, as ‘a
last resort,’ Federal advances to en
able the States to provide against
hunger and cold so that none need
perish from want of food or shelter.”
• From the Baltimore News, published
by request)
There sleeps in Washington an un
known soldier, in a grav ehlgtidy hon
ored, frequently decorated with flow
ers. __
“Great men” from abroad call on
the President first, then put a wreath
cn the tontf) of the “Unknown Sol
dier.” If they happen to come fbr
money Whey usually put two wreaths,
one when they arrive and another aft
er getting it.
Nobody knows who the soldier is,
wnence he came, how he died, but
great attention and honor are paid
h.m. If he could rise and speak, he
ask for anything and it would
be given to him.
If that “unknown” o <t the big war
had risen, a few days ago, to see what
happened to men. that were in tbs
army with him, 'he would have been
Every American who reads news
papers knows wtoat happened to Arne*
ucan soldiers, comrades of "the uty
known," men unemployed, their fam
ilies in want, when they went ts
They went with no threats or hos
tile intention. They could not do any
thing sitting in their separate homes,
whence the Government had taken,
them, to flhrp them aoroaß the ocean.
It was necessity to go to Washing
ton, to deal directly with the United
States Government through the Con
gress, and through the President,
commander-in-dhief of the Army and
They had every reason to believe
that they would be received kindly;
they could not Imagine that the Gov
ernment would call out 4to troops to
drive them out Hke so nanny crimin
als. i
It Is not unusual for ettiasns to ad
dress the Government at Wkdhlug
ton. Great corporations have their
lOpireiirthlres than, afttfeys. The
1 übeat
-Repreeeotaitivea. Everybody knows
*** they isle there—to feet special
fXVflrre for tpeOtsa ft wests. special
worthing in a new tarter haw. special
uianjtftfMis for this, tfrsnil remune
ration fbr ttfst.
Veterans « the big war Could hard
ly ®»ag*n« that a QofrerWtoent tole
rating an army of well-few tbbbyiat.
at the CapStol, would reject what stu
pid htorutehty a group of hungry men
eealng-dbr Justice.
.The veterans asked for no special
flavors. They were out of work, their
families In want. Their faces, their
tattered clothing showed that 12
years after the wlr lack of work had
reduced them to sad eactremtttes.
They wanted, first of all, a job that
they might work to live. And If they
cculd not get such a job from the
Government that had promised so
much, then they wanted payment of a
bonus that had been promised a little
That bonus represented no favor.
It was partly i a settlement of insur
ance Chat the men had paid for out
of their scnfell soldier wages.
It was partly h. bonus to make up
‘To them for the flaot that they had
been taken from their homes, exposed
to hardships, in many cases to gass
ing and wounds, for miserably small
pay, while those left behind, for whom
they were sen! to fight, enjoyed the
opportunities, high wages and pros
perity of the war and the years after
the war.
Thai bonus must have been paid
to the men i n any case, under tbe law,
!n a short time. Payment was post
poned, on the assumption that the sol
diers, on their return from the war,
would not need the money as much
as they would a Ml tie later, when they
were older.
As it turned out the depression has
plunged them into poverty, jobs are
lacking, they cannot be found.
The soldiers in Washington asked,
respectfully, without threats, patient
ly accepting miserable food, and mis- ]
erable living quarters, “Kindly pay us
now ithe money that you promised a
little later, that we may feed our wives'
and our children and take care of
The maifcter could have been settled
eafAly, and happily, with great bene
fit to the country, had the Govern
ment chosen to have it so.
The men’s bonus could have been
paid. The Government has a gold
reserve big enough do justify printing
and distiibutin gthe amount of cur
rency that would have paid them in
Those dollars would have been lit
erally "as good as gold” with gold
back of them.
And, most Important to national
prosperity, the dollars paid to the
men would have been put Into circula
tion IMMEDIATELY, it would have
been spent in every store, in every
State In the Union, in every cRy, town
village and country-aide.
Dt would have gone from the soldiers
to the storekeepers, from (he store
keepers .*> the factory owners, from
factory owners to workers, in wages.
It would have been a blessing to the
whole nation, a check to the depres
sion, like scattering water at the roots
of plants to check the evil effects of
a drought.
lit cannot be said that, the Govern
ment lacked money to pay soldiers.
It found hundreds of miSMons to re
construct railroads and banks. It
gave eighty million dollars of the
people's money to one single bank, to
keep that bank from trouble, and
incidentally to keep its directors and
stockholders from gigantic loss which
would have followed.
The Government has no difficulty
in distributing hundreds of millions
and biilior.a of dollars through Jits “Re
constru<Rion Finance” for those that
seemed worthy of its klndnese and
But it had nothing for men that
had gone across he ocean to fight for
lhe Government’s safety, taken from
their homes, deprived of opportunity
Viat found itihemseives unhappy sup
pliants, at the Government's door.
This does n ot imply helping of rail
roads, great .business, and. stabilizing
banks by Government credit is un
wise .
But every right minded American
will say that it is a blistering disgrace
that the nation, so ready with its bil
lions for Those that have millions al
ready. should say to the soldiers,
It is not pheasant, perhaps, not ne
cessary to revie win detail treatment
accorded former soldiers of the
United States applying to their Gov
ernment for help. If an unworShy
beggar should present hknsetf at your
door, you might say “no,” but you
would not kick him down the steps,
especially If b* were weak, and you
were strong.
But tha t is now *be ( great Govern
ment of jibe United States has treated
Its former soldiers ‘’no," then
Called out (the army and drove the
men out of the city, some carrying
in their arms children brought with
them, their wives walking beside them
some pushing baby carriages, others
carrying on their backs Their few pos
sess ions, bedding, cooking Utensils.
The men were unarmed. Soldiers
were sent against Them, with guns,
bayonets, ammunition, and, what ia
United States troops marched
these former soldiers df the United
States with tanks and.gas. the aitpek*
ing soldietrs, wih gas ntestn on thei*
faces, ready to deed death and sutfoj
cation with safety to thetnmseTvss. |
The nation of Europe, their public
n*n and newspapers, deal Ironically
'With 4Ma Government 1 * eodskordi
«tery display «t bruhaHty and fctuptd
ttv. They rafn—id tbe Government at
Washington £*lt It Mia bfeen violently
objecting, before thfc League of Na
to ws te foUMMUa gad tanka
in foreign warfare, and then suddenly
turae lid Uges tt&ee jMßponfc, poison
la* hM* NnJta, agbijwt Its own rneh,
those that it sent. to nfeht in Eumpe
Thflvt brytaMty can be explained only
Oh the theory that acme tottirti ufci or
pdfcrt bMcfel body became frightened.
Fear produces cruelty, always, and
fear blunders stupidly. What was
there to fear? Whet could men hun
gry. wtjhOut weapopc, do to irfgtften
The authorities in Washington, backed
up as the yAre by the artny, navy and
air forces and the poison gas contain
For the Time that moat shameful in
cident in the hrttory of the United
States is closed. Unfortunately, it
iwdll n ot be forgotten. Bitter remem
brance will remain with the thous
ands that were in Washington and
hundreds of thousands of former sol
diers that sympathize with them.
It wrs bad enough to Ignore the
men asking for relief.
It was cruel enough to refuse them
help, while handing out hundreds of
mUltbns of dollars to those whose
knowledge of th ewar was confined to
what they read in the newspapers oi
saw on the stock ticker. It was
pushing cruelty too far to subject
men that bad fought for their country
To the humJNation of being driven like
dogs fro mtheir nation’s capital by
the army to which they recently be-
a ~ ililft 1
Such bhindering might do more to
develop what we call "Bohshevivsm"
than any depression, more to destroy
oonfldeftce in Government than fa
mine or plague.
Panics and plague and famine can
'be overcome. But injustice is a sore
That remains. When those men were
shipped across the ocean. Their wives,
mothers, sisters saw them go. Tihedr
Government and public men expressed
profound gratitude.
Never was their patriotism to be
forgofcten. never would the Govern
ment feel that it could do enough for
men that were ready to give all to
Their country.
They came home, endured want as
k>ng as tf»ey could, th?n call upon the
Government to make good some of Its
promises. • And you know the reply.
They were driven out with tanks, and
tear gas, driven like a rabble, with no
Claim, no rtghT to visit the capital of
Their own nation.
One of them, in the process of
“clearing out a nuisance" was shot
dead. The body of that man should
be burted alongside the body of "the
unknown soldier.” And over the
oorpee of the soldier number two these
lines might be written: Here, beside
the uuknctm soldier, Mes one whose
name we know. We know whence he
came, and now he died. He was kill
ed because he asked the Government
he helped to help him.
Wake commencement
Raleigh, Aug. 4.—(AP)—Dr. A. T.
Allen, State superintendent of public
instruction, will address the Wake
Forest College summer school com
mencement there August 12.
"*r t "3" *‘4
a “5T To TT *2
15" H& 17 “'
9 il a/
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■ # y* 14 —Used for cleansing purpose*
, A at * t ® °* dlAOn3aJf 16—Twirling gently, as of the
• —ft culinary herb fingers
»—ldentical 17—Resting place
jl-Pftrt of a plant 19-Bandit
, T '•A bo *‘® W1 ■ 21—A coarse, sti* hair, ft# 06
16— An adjustable drapery or swine
covering 2»—The earth (Lat)
17- public way (ftbbr.) 25 _ A kJnd of
16—A convulsive sound 27—Unhappy
UK—Small cities 28—Succeeded, gained -
•0 ln»«ct 30—Marries
12—Sharp, sour 82—Parts of the head
*; P**V, , _ 33 —Something borrowed
tt Stonakch of a bird 34—To sharpen a razor
29 Pastries 35—Views, observes
28—Unger S7—Close
|t-The sons cMWwn . M-Uncovered
*o—x charge 40—To fall
***« 43-X speck
*B—Girl's name 44 Crafty
SZ a PrM ** a 4 6—A state (gbbr.) V-i
rdor ’ <l ** h > 48—Suffix used to form fibUns ol
{R£v£g stays J! ' 1 ■ *** cy ' ' , *, *
•I—BeftuT (Answer to Previous PuaaW
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*—fbaflcdttibie period of uc. M AD I O %%M
7—fchgtUto j m»b; JCOPPEISIJSrDS Htl
its.* ~ man mu flaw
The W#od Chopper of Doom
1792—Percy Bysshe Shelley, English
poet, one of the most brilliant
poetic genuinses of the 19th
century, born. Drowned, in his
30th year, July 8, 1822.
1816— Russell Sage, son of of a la
borer who became one of New
Yoik’s most remarkable money
makers and financiers, and
fortune of some $70,000,000 his
widow expended in good works,
born at Verona, N. Y. Died July
22. 1906.
1817— Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, U.
S. Senator from New Jersey,
Secretary of State under Arthur,
born at Millstone, N. J. Died at
Newark, N. J., May 20, 1885.
1819 —Preston S. Brooks, a noted
South Carolina lawyer and
member of Congress, whose as
sault on Charles Summer in
the U. S. Senate in 1856 caused
great excitement throughout the
country, born. Died Jan. 26,
1823—Oliver P. Morton, Indiana’s cele
brated Civil War governor. U.
S. Senator, Republican leader,
statesman, born in Salisbury,
Ind., Died in Indianapolis, Nov.
1, 1877.
1841—W. H. Hudson, famous English
naturalist and writer, born.
Died Aug. 18, 1922.
1781—Col. Isac Hayne, South Carolina
patriot, hanged by British as
-1790—U. S. Coastguard Service (then
Revenue Cutter Service) estab
1830—Town of Chicago surveyed and
1914 —Great Britain declared war on
Prof. Jacob Fapish of Cornell Uni
versity, noted scientist, born In Po
land, 45 years ago.
Governor John G. Pollard of Vir
ginia. born in King and Queen Co.,
Va., 61 years ago.
Jesse W. Reno, New York engi
neer, inventoj of the moving stairway
<1892), born at Ft. Leavenworth,
Kas., 71 years ago.
Alfred D. Flinn, director of Engi
neering Foundation, New York City,
born in Union Co., Pa., 63 years ago.
Rt. Rev. Henry J. Mikell, P. E.
bishop of Atlanta. Ga., bom at Sum
pter, S. C., 56 years ago.
Arch W. Shaw, noted Chicago pub
lisher, bor n at Jackson, Mich., 56
years ago.
Britain's Duchess of York born 32
years ago.
Sir Hlarry Lauder, world-famous
Sotcb entertainer, born 62 years ago.
This' degree bestows broad views
and wide sympathies, with a proper ad
mivture of flavoring aspects this day
might produce a greet teacher in
some unusual line. There Is love of
friends, which is likely not t obe pro
perly appreciated by them, and met by
opposition. Seek to curb the desires
for sensuous pleasures; there is indi
cations of trouble for abdominal dan
East Coast Stages
The Short Line System
Special Rates for Tobacco
Curers Going to Canada
F«r Your Convenience Going North Ride the Bus— Convcr.if-*
Quick, Clean, Comfortable and Cheap
***** 7 BATES
Oaa Jtouhd Jne Round One Round One
Way Trip Way TY%> Wtay Trip Way
HENDERSON, N. C. 15.65 23.50 18.90 28,35 18.55 27.85 17 f
NORIINA, N. c. 15.10 26.65 18.35 27.55 18.00 27 0) 1" 50
SOUTH HILL, VA. 14,75 21.40 17.50 25.75 17.15 25 75 1' 50 **
RUNNING TIME: 25 Hours Durham or Raleigh to Buff^ 0
'**• **** Coaefc Stages has put these rates in effect especial* W **
b * n * et Os tits tobacco curers who are going to Canada
to* KART COJ&T jfttftt tha Cheapest and
Mast Dimt R—l> Phout 15.
Attention! Tobaat
Special Sound Trip Fares F*
Raleigh, Durham, or Hendry
Buffalo $3Ol
Detroit 311
Toronto m
TiUsonburg 31J
St. Thomas 311
Delhi 31.1*
Tickets C*.i Saif July 30 T» Au* 11
UmiM lo Return as late a Ort n
Per Informalien See Agi-m u r Hitt
505 Odd Fellows Bldg., Rai«fn . N C
—And Other— j
Bargain Fares
From Raleigh—Durhii
Asheville SB
Black Mountain $ *
Brevard 10®
Flat Rock 9 *
Hickory 0 5i
Hendersonvville 9 *
Lenoir 9 ®
Jake Junaluska 9
Saluda 9i£
Tryon 9
Wayne*ville 9 99
DATE OF SALE: For all train* A*
Southern Railway

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