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MAJOR OBJECnVESOF ~~
SOUTHEASTERN COUNCIL the North Carolina Fresg An yoviaiion It i> a challenge, an inspiration, and J 3 h«.-uoi to be invited to speak to )V w Rea.utug that your life a work la -ha: of fnong and disseminating . rJ! n through careful analysis. I »hs a'old elaborate statements’. Y. w mold pubttc opinion and you -f* a ttt this crisis, the seriousness c * -tie responsibility. You have now :r.e opportunity to perform the ma •or part of saving the civilisation of i country we love The situation must t* ne- with courage, wisdom, a high zti tte « t human sympathy, and the y p:n: of the Crusaders. s result of startling facts re vca <*« a Conference in Atlanta in isk relative to the great number of lira.' being taken away from their ci-tn because of indebtedneto to ir u tank# mortgage and insurance companies a small group from sev ,n. states met in Atlanta to diacuss :t* au - inability of organising a move aert tot the purpoee of helping econ .a..c conditions in the Southeastern Siatr It was unanimously decided :fcat conditions warranted such or k.r.;ratton A meeting of another ficup held at Asheville planned a »;auiar action. These two movements »er t merged at a south-wide econom ic conference held in Savannah in Center 1931. At this meeting the pur pose and principles of the Southeast er.- Council were outlined and adopt ee Etghi states were represented. It was decided that the council should function through a committee of Five Hundred to be selected from recog :.:zed leaders, men and women, thro ughout the Southeastern States. Mcm cn?t.-p of Special Committees wore to t>e .. Ly each state from :b,-e leaders. It waa recognized that •ce women of th? South would take an mpoitant part in a successful move utr.t. 1: was agreed that ract finding wcuid be fundamental. This work was to be initiated through the universities » d colleges. Thought and discussion to represent a cross section of economic interests, rather than ?o. ..wing the custom of confining de corations to separate strata. The sup pert of the press was to be counted on 9 We are now offering the original JB& and genuine Estate Heatrola. Tiiis Heatrola will cut your fuel Prices Begin at $39.50. Get Your Stoves And Ranges Now Complete Stock See The New I Heating Stoves SUPERFEX - n amoac Fuel oil circulating BUll heaters for homes, In all size, for coal or wood. stores, offices, lodge rooms and service sta- WE ALSO HAVE tions. Units encased wci in beautifully finished New Perfection I You can now have oil I heat without a heating /"$ *f piant. The simplest, l MM %Z%lL%Zr%> cleanest and most ef i ficient heating me- Florence Oil Cook I thod ever devised. Stoves and Ranges SUPERFEX Come to see .us before buying your Is A New Perfection heating equipment. We have what Product, you want at prices you can pay. . Henderson Furniture Co. Henderson, N. C. to the things th«? * V * rot ®c- The £££*« V* to be provided by tbJl IS?***’ interests deriving their «***omic Southern pej>£* r * Venu ~ It is reeognised that com&u. c«as means no imn VT. m P>ete * uc ' s~sr sts ‘“ - are for greed and stupidity— rood h from iho ** in ,r™ - ind. ,„ y . ' «-»>«" tholv and» of Umts than which nothing W Pr * ctlcal «n ta has through lack of con ,nr '*.* cUon allowed to re main only n dream. Conditions are worse today than when Grady’s elo quence thrilled the Southern peopit To protect and develop their every economic interest, to the extent that t can be done with mutual benefit— -2* not «- the pass word, of the Revolution. Vital Points. The South suffers from a devastat ing advance* balance of trade, a stu pendous defleit of more than one thousand million dollars each year An open frontier, and looked upon as a country to be exploited—inviting ex ploitation; quite unaware of the fact that a dollar kept at home is worth twenty dollars. We have come to the edge of the precipice. A civilisation! cannot be built on poverty. Individ- ] aals. communities, counties, cities, and states must balance their bud gets. | The “No Man’s Land” which has existed between industry and agri culture must be removed. We have one big. intricate, economic machine. To work its vital parts—industry and agriculture—separately means disas ter. a continuation or a repetition of the present one. We have become accustomed to the HENDERSON, (N.C..) DAILY DISPATCH FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1982 tuea that the farmer mast lire at ome. He wilt, and those not already „ ™* <»*ualty Hat will eome through cut the urban dweller must learn that h‘» future depends on his buying southern products. ‘Until our budgets are balanced, we «*«not continue to send money to t>utld other Melinas of the country, and for the purchase of commodities which we can and should raise snore ofcaaply than they do. We must develop bus action as a pr °* ectlon against mass protection and super-salesmanship, as against greedy exploitation. The farmer rep resents the red blood corpuscles of commerce. When these red corpuscles ule, as in the case of pernicious ane mia, the economic body is sick to an extent that may easily prove fatal. We must substitute human engineer ing for greed and stupidity. Our pre sent system is developing a few, very Plutocrats, and many, very enany proletarian s • The middle class of peo ple are disappearing, analogous case is that of a ship. A ship has two cen ters ,a center of gravity and a meta center. When the meta-oenter rises «»ove the center of gravity the ship turns over. When the proletarians out number the middle class a nation turns over. Under these conditions, we have the beginning of the end of Democracy, and it might be centuries before man would dare to dream as did Washington and Jefferson. * There are some bright spots. Thro ugh recent congrepional legislation, palliatives have been applied at the top, and have probably prevented un thinkable disaster. These - measures may hold the situation until the down ward la changed to an upward trend. The farmers are partly alive..to the actual conditions. Enough is already known about improved agriculture practice to save the situation if It is applied, without too great delay. The urban population Is still slumbering while disturbing dreams are becom ing distressing realities. The farm tenancy system can only perpetuate economic disaster. It has reached a point where It fails to sup . port the tenant and does not pay the | taxes for the land owner. We should | have a public land policy which makes i farm ownership practical to the extent 1 that it will meet the requirements of j this crisis. Forestry, one of the south’s greatest potential assets, Is made impossible by our tar laws and by the lack of publicity enforced fire protection. We are following a system' which wastes the inestimable advantage of our own purchasing power. For ex amples: The. cotton mills of the south, instead of cooperating with nearby SHEEP PAY HER WAY TO COLLEGE _ •• • - I .JBfeijjfc jjygL x Everything ''from potatoes to ihoep la acceptable at Illinoie Wesleyan university, at Bloom togtMt this pear, in payment for taitiaa. Mica Ruth Keia, daugh ter of am Illinois farmer, reaiding farmers to raise varieties of cotton needed, have sent to distant sections for their requirements, in many cases paying premiums which they would decline to pay at home. The result has been the needless impoverish ment of their immediate sections. We have given -much advice at home but our patronage has gone elsewhere. A wholesome rule would be 90 percent patronage and 10 percent advice. In these matters, we need a mixture of brains and ethics—creative thought, combined with constructive action. It is the “follow through" that counts. The Southeastern Council stands pri marily for constructive action—for the follow through. We want a civilization where the normal citizen sings at his work, where he has some reasonable hope and assurance of a future for himself and his children. It is a reproach to alt of us that we face a catastrophe and can see no permanent turning— in this & land of great natural re sources, and where nature has been prodigal in her blessings. Have we made any concerted effort to change our tenant system? To de velop a land policy which will rebuild rural life? To protect our forests? To buy home produced commodities? To increase the purchasing power of the farmers? To change from a cash crop one crop system? To increase our re tained wealth? We have not. In meeting this crisis, the industry or economic interest which does not humanize should be isolated, and even allowed to die. Humanity, to save the things that are precious, must dig in against this oncoming car of Jugger ment. The south’s problems are so great that they can only be solved by bring ing recognized leaders together for the purpose of counsel and action. A man or woman who will not respond to this call in the present crisis is not a leader. The work of the Council must be kept free from the dominat ing of any special interest or group of interests—it must function for all. The south cannot maintain its civ ilization under its past code and prac tice. The loss of this fight is unthink able. The Southern press has the honor of holding the center. To the membership of the press from North Carolina is given the privilege of leading into action. CIGARETTE LEAF IS HANDLED WITH CARE Making of Good Smoke De pends on Balanced Blending of Types Richmond, Va., Sept. 23. —Tobacco planters, the country over have a say ing that “good preparation is half cultivation," which suggests a degree of care exercised in all tobacco cul tivation. etaiis of handling, but the general procedure is the same for all domestic tobaccos. The making of a good cigarett de pends upon the careful selection and balanced blending of many kinds of tobacco, and the careful observation to which the whole process is submit ted begins with the plantings of the seed. From that moment until the tobacco comes from the cigarette-making ma chines. packed and ready for sale the tobsteco is under the continuous scru tiny of experts. Bright Leaf Origin. Bright leaf tobacco, also called “yel low” tobacco, which ranges in color from light brown almost to gold, is one of the most important cigarette components. Its color is wholly na tural, and Is the result of eare In growing and curing. It thrives only in a special light, sandy soil, porous and underlaid by clay. This tobacco is grown in Vir ginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Soil, similar to the soil of these sec tions, is found elsewhere, but not with the same combination of sand and moisture. Change any one of the three —soil, sand or amount of rainfall— and even from the same seed a dif ferent type of tobacco will grow. Use of Burley, Tee. Burley tobacco ie grown principaly _in the limestone and blue grass sec tions of Kentucky and southern Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia and Tennes see. The leaf Is larger than the “bright” leaf and ranges in color from dark cherry to bright orange. This tobacco imparts a distinctive chara cter to a well-proportioned blend of other tobaccos for cigarette m. Maryland tobacco, grown in south- near Bloomington, arrives et'Die university with her sheep. Nate Crabtree, the college's business manager, immediately accepted the payment and enrolled her as other students looked on. ern Maryland, between Chesapeake 'bay and the Potomac, takes its color from the yellow-gray sandy soiL It is ■air-cred, light In body, as well as in color, rather dry in character, and is useful in blends because o its good burning qualities, t Tobacco repays the careful atten tion which must be devoted to its growing by its great productiveness. In many regions a tablespoonful of seed will produce enough plants to cover ten acres, a total of about fifty thousand plants, for these are planted in rows about three feet apart and approximately five thousand plants can be placed In an acre. Preparing the Beds. The seed beds are prepared in Jan uary, February and March. Great care is exercised that the soil, moisture, and conditions of wind and tempera ture shall all be exactly right. Each new crop is started in virgin soil that has not been used for at least a generation. Crops are sown In liny enclosures, and after the plants Henderson Will Pay Top Prices For Your Tobacco And Cotton And is the best market in this territory for the . farmer who is anxious to get the most for his crop Buy and sell in Henderson and we will all make moijey Market Phones 304-305 Henderson, N. C. Smokers Trusted By Blind Dealers, Albany Man Says Albany. N. Y., Sept. 2S—Albanians are honest. Three blind men, who run cigar stands in Albany’s public buildings, ■ay so. They ought t«> know. There is no money taken *from the blind man’s cup. “After eighteen years behind cigar counters, I haven’t lost a penny,” said Charles B. Grover, in the State Offlct Building. “The Knickerbocker-Press gave me my first stand, so I coutd sell papera. From that time to this I have not had one customer'cheat sue. “I waa the first blind man u> run a cigar concession In New York State.” ”I never lost a dime and I don’t believe I ever will.” said Michael I>. Napoli, wh 0 conducts the cigar stand in City Hall. “I've been in this bus iness little over a year. I can tell by the voices of mor clients they would not cheat me.” Then there is Frank Fonland, who runs the cigar stand in the Telephone Building, who agrees with his two blind colleagues, that people are trustworthy. “I haven’t had a wooden nicael since I started, and I don’t expect any ’ he said. MORE WORK IN CAROLINA Charlotte, Sept. 23—Two hundred men have gone to work at a tobaocu stemmery and redrying plant at Golds boro. and several hundred more pre pared to go to work in a few days at another plant there. The operations will continue until February. Plants also opened at Wilson. King ston, Greenville and Rocky Mouat. giving work to additional hundreds of unemipployed for months. are up five or six inches, they are transplanted to sandy fields after a weather-hardening process. Constant CwMvatfen. The fields are cultivated constant ly. to prevent he growth of weeds and to conserve the sub-soil moisture. After two months, when there are ten to fifteen leaves on the plant, there are primed and topped. Deftly, to avoid loos of sap. some of the bottom leaves are picked off by hand prim. Then the top of the plant is also care fully pinched back topping. PAGE SEVEN DIE TEXTILE SHOW OPENS OCTOBER 17 Social Features Planned for Exposition at Green, ville, S. C. Greenville, S. C., Sept. 21.—Many so cial features are planned for the Southern Textile Exposition next month. On tbe evening of October 17, which Is opening day, the Cotton Tex tile Institute will show the new styles in autumn cotton-dresses, demonstrat ed by twenty beautiful Greenville girls. On Wednesday there will be a meet ing of the textile section of the Am erican Society of Mechanical En gineers. In the evening tbe Junior Charities will give a "Pioeperity Ball" for the benefit of the Maternity Shel ter operated in the Parker school dis trict. This event is always looked for ward to by the exhibitors and visi tors. Tbe autumn convention of the Southern Textile Association will open Friday morning. That nig.V. a dance complimentary to the members will be given in the ballroom of tbe Poin sett hotel. During the week twenty thouMnd officials and operatives will pan thro ugh Textile Hall. The show closes Sat urday at 6 p. tn. LESPEDEZA HELPS YIELD OF COTTON Concord, Sept. 23.—(API —Korean lespedeza grown and turned under for I soil improvement for two years has I increased the production of bolls on tbe cotton plants of one Cabbarus county farmer by more than 70 per oent this year. R. B. Sylder did tbe experiment, County Agent R. D. Goodman reports. On two similar plots of land, on one of which lespedeza was turned under and the other without the pre ceding crop, cotton was planted. Actual count of bolls for ten steps of row space gave 324 bolls on tbs lespedeza land and 190 on the land without lespedeza. Snyder likes the results achieved with Korean lespedeza so much, Good man said .that every acre of tillable land on his farm with the exception of a few acres of corn, is now an nually planted to the crop.