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Henderson daily dispatch. (Henderson, N.C.) 1914-1995, September 23, 1932, Section Two, Image 15

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91068401/1932-09-23/ed-1/seq-15/

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MAJOR OBJECnVESOF ~~
SOUTHEASTERN COUNCIL
the North Carolina Fresg An
yoviaiion
It i> a challenge, an inspiration, and
J 3 h«.-uoi to be invited to speak to
)V w Rea.utug that your life a work la
-ha: of fnong and disseminating
. rJ! n through careful analysis. I
»hs a'old elaborate statements’.
Y. w mold pubttc opinion and you
-f* a ttt this crisis, the seriousness
c * -tie responsibility. You have now
:r.e opportunity to perform the ma
•or part of saving the civilisation of
i country we love The situation must
t* ne- with courage, wisdom, a high
zti tte « t human sympathy, and the
y p:n: of the Crusaders.
s result of startling facts re
vca <*« a Conference in Atlanta in
isk relative to the great number of
lira.' being taken away from their
ci-tn because of indebtedneto to
ir u tank# mortgage and insurance
companies a small group from sev
,n. states met in Atlanta to diacuss
:t* au - inability of organising a move
aert tot the purpoee of helping econ
.a..c conditions in the Southeastern
Siatr It was unanimously decided
:fcat conditions warranted such or
k.r.;ratton A meeting of another
ficup held at Asheville planned a
»;auiar action. These two movements
»er t merged at a south-wide econom
ic conference held in Savannah in
Center 1931. At this meeting the pur
pose and principles of the Southeast
er.- Council were outlined and adopt
ee Etghi states were represented. It
was decided that the council should
function through a committee of Five
Hundred to be selected from recog
:.:zed leaders, men and women, thro
ughout the Southeastern States. Mcm
cn?t.-p of Special Committees wore
to t>e .. Ly each state from
:b,-e leaders. It waa recognized that
•ce women of th? South would take an
mpoitant part in a successful move
utr.t.
1: was agreed that ract finding
wcuid be fundamental. This work was
to be initiated through the universities
» d colleges. Thought and discussion
to represent a cross section of
economic interests, rather than
?o. ..wing the custom of confining de
corations to separate strata. The sup
pert of the press was to be counted on
9 We are now offering the original JB&
and genuine Estate Heatrola.
Tiiis Heatrola will cut your fuel
Prices Begin at $39.50.
Get Your Stoves
And Ranges Now
Complete Stock See The New I
Heating Stoves SUPERFEX
- n amoac Fuel oil circulating
BUll heaters for homes,
In all size, for coal or wood. stores, offices, lodge
rooms and service sta-
WE ALSO HAVE tions. Units encased
wci in beautifully finished
New Perfection I You can now have oil I
heat without a heating
/"$ *f piant. The simplest,
l MM %Z%lL%Zr%> cleanest and most ef
i ficient heating me-
Florence Oil Cook I thod ever devised.
Stoves and Ranges SUPERFEX
Come to see .us before buying your Is A New Perfection
heating equipment. We have what Product,
you want at prices you can pay. .
Henderson Furniture Co.
Henderson, N. C.
to the things th«? * V * rot ®c-
The £££*« V* to
be provided by tbJl IS?***’
interests deriving their «***omic
Southern pej>£* r * Venu ~
It is reeognised that com&u.
c«as means no imn VT. m P>ete * uc '
s~sr sts ‘“
- are for greed and stupidity— rood
h from iho ** in
,r™ -
ind. ,„ y . ' «-»>«" tholv
and» of Umts than which nothing
W Pr * ctlcal «n ta
has through lack of con
,nr '*.* cUon allowed to re
main only n dream. Conditions are
worse today than when Grady’s elo
quence thrilled the Southern peopit
To protect and develop their every
economic interest, to the extent that
t can be done with mutual benefit—
-2* not «- the pass word,
of the Revolution.
Vital Points.
The South suffers from a devastat
ing advance* balance of trade, a stu
pendous defleit of more than one
thousand million dollars each year
An open frontier, and looked upon as
a country to be exploited—inviting ex
ploitation; quite unaware of the fact
that a dollar kept at home is worth
twenty dollars. We have come to the
edge of the precipice. A civilisation!
cannot be built on poverty. Individ- ]
aals. communities, counties, cities,
and states must balance their bud
gets. |
The “No Man’s Land” which has
existed between industry and agri
culture must be removed. We have
one big. intricate, economic machine.
To work its vital parts—industry and
agriculture—separately means disas
ter. a continuation or a repetition of
the present one.
We have become accustomed to the
HENDERSON, (N.C..) DAILY DISPATCH FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1982
tuea that the farmer mast lire at
ome. He wilt, and those not already
„ ™* <»*ualty Hat will eome through
cut the urban dweller must learn
that h‘» future depends on his buying
southern products.
‘Until our budgets are balanced, we
«*«not continue to send money to
t>utld other Melinas of the country,
and for the purchase of commodities
which we can and should raise snore
ofcaaply than they do.
We must develop bus action as a
pr °* ectlon against mass protection
and super-salesmanship, as against
greedy exploitation. The farmer rep
resents the red blood corpuscles of
commerce. When these red corpuscles
ule, as in the case of pernicious ane
mia, the economic body is sick to an
extent that may easily prove fatal.
We must substitute human engineer
ing for greed and stupidity. Our pre
sent system is developing a few, very
Plutocrats, and many, very enany
proletarian s • The middle class of peo
ple are disappearing, analogous case
is that of a ship. A ship has two cen
ters ,a center of gravity and a meta
center. When the meta-oenter rises
«»ove the center of gravity the ship
turns over. When the proletarians out
number the middle class a nation
turns over. Under these conditions,
we have the beginning of the end of
Democracy, and it might be centuries
before man would dare to dream as
did Washington and Jefferson.
* There are some bright spots. Thro
ugh recent congrepional legislation,
palliatives have been applied at the
top, and have probably prevented un
thinkable disaster. These - measures
may hold the situation until the down
ward la changed to an upward trend.
The farmers are partly alive..to the
actual conditions. Enough is already
known about improved agriculture
practice to save the situation if It is
applied, without too great delay. The
urban population Is still slumbering
while disturbing dreams are becom
ing distressing realities.
The farm tenancy system can only
perpetuate economic disaster. It has
reached a point where It fails to sup
. port the tenant and does not pay the
| taxes for the land owner. We should
| have a public land policy which makes
i farm ownership practical to the extent
1 that it will meet the requirements of
j this crisis.
Forestry, one of the south’s greatest
potential assets, Is made impossible
by our tar laws and by the lack of
publicity enforced fire protection.
We are following a system' which
wastes the inestimable advantage of
our own purchasing power. For ex
amples: The. cotton mills of the south,
instead of cooperating with nearby
SHEEP PAY HER WAY TO COLLEGE
_ •• • -
I .JBfeijjfc jjygL x
Everything ''from potatoes to
ihoep la acceptable at Illinoie
Wesleyan university, at Bloom
togtMt this pear, in payment for
taitiaa. Mica Ruth Keia, daugh
ter of am Illinois farmer, reaiding
farmers to raise varieties of cotton
needed, have sent to distant sections
for their requirements, in many cases
paying premiums which they would
decline to pay at home. The result
has been the needless impoverish
ment of their immediate sections. We
have given -much advice at home but
our patronage has gone elsewhere. A
wholesome rule would be 90 percent
patronage and 10 percent advice. In
these matters, we need a mixture of
brains and ethics—creative thought,
combined with constructive action. It
is the “follow through" that counts.
The Southeastern Council stands pri
marily for constructive action—for the
follow through.
We want a civilization where the
normal citizen sings at his work,
where he has some reasonable hope
and assurance of a future for himself
and his children. It is a reproach to
alt of us that we face a catastrophe
and can see no permanent turning—
in this & land of great natural re
sources, and where nature has been
prodigal in her blessings.
Have we made any concerted effort
to change our tenant system? To de
velop a land policy which will rebuild
rural life? To protect our forests? To
buy home produced commodities? To
increase the purchasing power of the
farmers? To change from a cash crop
one crop system? To increase our re
tained wealth? We have not.
In meeting this crisis, the industry
or economic interest which does not
humanize should be isolated, and even
allowed to die. Humanity, to save the
things that are precious, must dig in
against this oncoming car of Jugger
ment.
The south’s problems are so great
that they can only be solved by bring
ing recognized leaders together for
the purpose of counsel and action. A
man or woman who will not respond
to this call in the present crisis is
not a leader. The work of the Council
must be kept free from the dominat
ing of any special interest or group
of interests—it must function for all.
The south cannot maintain its civ
ilization under its past code and prac
tice. The loss of this fight is unthink
able. The Southern press has the
honor of holding the center. To the
membership of the press from North
Carolina is given the privilege of
leading into action.
CIGARETTE LEAF IS
HANDLED WITH CARE
Making of Good Smoke De
pends on Balanced
Blending of Types
Richmond, Va., Sept. 23. —Tobacco
planters, the country over have a say
ing that “good preparation is half
cultivation," which suggests a degree
of care exercised in all tobacco cul
tivation. etaiis of handling, but the
general procedure is the same for all
domestic tobaccos.
The making of a good cigarett de
pends upon the careful selection and
balanced blending of many kinds of
tobacco, and the careful observation
to which the whole process is submit
ted begins with the plantings of the
seed.
From that moment until the tobacco
comes from the cigarette-making ma
chines. packed and ready for sale the
tobsteco is under the continuous scru
tiny of experts.
Bright Leaf Origin.
Bright leaf tobacco, also called “yel
low” tobacco, which ranges in color
from light brown almost to gold, is
one of the most important cigarette
components. Its color is wholly na
tural, and Is the result of eare In
growing and curing.
It thrives only in a special light,
sandy soil, porous and underlaid by
clay. This tobacco is grown in Vir
ginia, North Carolina, South Carolina
and Georgia.
Soil, similar to the soil of these sec
tions, is found elsewhere, but not with
the same combination of sand and
moisture. Change any one of the three
—soil, sand or amount of rainfall—
and even from the same seed a dif
ferent type of tobacco will grow.
Use of Burley, Tee.
Burley tobacco ie grown principaly
_in the limestone and blue grass sec
tions of Kentucky and southern Ohio,
Indiana, West Virginia and Tennes
see. The leaf Is larger than the
“bright” leaf and ranges in color from
dark cherry to bright orange. This
tobacco imparts a distinctive chara
cter to a well-proportioned blend of
other tobaccos for cigarette m.
Maryland tobacco, grown in south-
near Bloomington, arrives et'Die
university with her sheep. Nate
Crabtree, the college's business
manager, immediately accepted
the payment and enrolled her as
other students looked on.
ern Maryland, between Chesapeake
'bay and the Potomac, takes its color
from the yellow-gray sandy soiL It is
■air-cred, light In body, as well as in
color, rather dry in character, and is
useful in blends because o its good
burning qualities, t
Tobacco repays the careful atten
tion which must be devoted to its
growing by its great productiveness.
In many regions a tablespoonful of
seed will produce enough plants to
cover ten acres, a total of about fifty
thousand plants, for these are planted
in rows about three feet apart and
approximately five thousand plants
can be placed In an acre.
Preparing the Beds.
The seed beds are prepared in Jan
uary, February and March. Great care
is exercised that the soil, moisture,
and conditions of wind and tempera
ture shall all be exactly right.
Each new crop is started in virgin
soil that has not been used for at
least a generation. Crops are sown In
liny enclosures, and after the plants
Henderson
Will Pay
Top Prices
For Your
Tobacco And
Cotton
And is the best market
in this territory for the .
farmer who is anxious to
get the most for his crop
Buy and sell in Henderson and we will all make moijey
Market
Phones 304-305 Henderson, N. C.
Smokers Trusted
By Blind Dealers,
Albany Man Says
Albany. N. Y., Sept. 2S—Albanians
are honest.
Three blind men, who run cigar
stands in Albany’s public buildings,
■ay so. They ought t«> know. There
is no money taken *from the blind
man’s cup.
“After eighteen years behind cigar
counters, I haven’t lost a penny,” said
Charles B. Grover, in the State Offlct
Building. “The Knickerbocker-Press
gave me my first stand, so I coutd sell
papera. From that time to this I have
not had one customer'cheat sue.
“I waa the first blind man u> run
a cigar concession In New York
State.”
”I never lost a dime and I don’t
believe I ever will.” said Michael I>.
Napoli, wh 0 conducts the cigar stand
in City Hall. “I've been in this bus
iness little over a year. I can tell by
the voices of mor clients they would
not cheat me.”
Then there is Frank Fonland, who
runs the cigar stand in the Telephone
Building, who agrees with his two
blind colleagues, that people are
trustworthy.
“I haven’t had a wooden nicael
since I started, and I don’t expect any ’
he said.
MORE WORK IN CAROLINA
Charlotte, Sept. 23—Two hundred
men have gone to work at a tobaocu
stemmery and redrying plant at Golds
boro. and several hundred more pre
pared to go to work in a few days at
another plant there. The operations
will continue until February.
Plants also opened at Wilson. King
ston, Greenville and Rocky Mouat.
giving work to additional hundreds of
unemipployed for months.
are up five or six inches, they are
transplanted to sandy fields after a
weather-hardening process.
Constant CwMvatfen.
The fields are cultivated constant
ly. to prevent he growth of weeds and
to conserve the sub-soil moisture.
After two months, when there are ten
to fifteen leaves on the plant, there
are primed and topped. Deftly, to
avoid loos of sap. some of the bottom
leaves are picked off by hand prim.
Then the top of the plant is also care
fully pinched back topping.
PAGE SEVEN
DIE TEXTILE SHOW
OPENS OCTOBER 17
Social Features Planned for
Exposition at Green,
ville, S. C.
Greenville, S. C., Sept. 21.—Many so
cial features are planned for the
Southern Textile Exposition next
month. On tbe evening of October 17,
which Is opening day, the Cotton Tex
tile Institute will show the new styles
in autumn cotton-dresses, demonstrat
ed by twenty beautiful Greenville
girls.
On Wednesday there will be a meet
ing of the textile section of the Am
erican Society of Mechanical En
gineers. In the evening tbe Junior
Charities will give a "Pioeperity Ball"
for the benefit of the Maternity Shel
ter operated in the Parker school dis
trict. This event is always looked for
ward to by the exhibitors and visi
tors.
Tbe autumn convention of the
Southern Textile Association will open
Friday morning. That nig.V. a dance
complimentary to the members will
be given in the ballroom of tbe Poin
sett hotel.
During the week twenty thouMnd
officials and operatives will pan thro
ugh Textile Hall. The show closes Sat
urday at 6 p. tn.
LESPEDEZA HELPS
YIELD OF COTTON
Concord, Sept. 23.—(API —Korean
lespedeza grown and turned under for
I soil improvement for two years has
I increased the production of bolls on
tbe cotton plants of one Cabbarus
county farmer by more than 70 per
oent this year.
R. B. Sylder did tbe experiment,
County Agent R. D. Goodman reports.
On two similar plots of land, on
one of which lespedeza was turned
under and the other without the pre
ceding crop, cotton was planted.
Actual count of bolls for ten steps
of row space gave 324 bolls on tbs
lespedeza land and 190 on the land
without lespedeza.
Snyder likes the results achieved
with Korean lespedeza so much, Good
man said .that every acre of tillable
land on his farm with the exception
of a few acres of corn, is now an
nually planted to the crop.

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