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GATEWAY TO CENTRAL CAROLINA. TWENTIETH YEAR EHRINGHAUS IS INAUGURATED \ ***** ***?,* ; *•? * •>• * * * *• * * */ * * * * .* • CALVIN COOLIDGE DIES SUDDENLY ********** ** * * *** „ * „ „ ' ' „ W •»* A: ******* * * * 1 i| * * * * ****** # • Senate Sub-Committee Votes For Repeal Os Eighteenth Amendment Body Os Former President Found By Wife On Return From Brief Shopping Trip HAD COMPLAINED OF SOI ILLNESS DURING FORENOON Was Accompanied Home from His Law Office and to His Bedroom by His Secretary CONGRESS ADJOURNS IN RESPECT TO HIM President Hoover Drafts Message and Governor Smith Speaks Deep Regret at Passing of His Associ ate; Speaker Garner Ex presses Sorrow Northampton, Mass. Jan. o (AP) —Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States, died suddenly today. He was 60 years old last July 4. Returning from a shopping tour, Mrs. Coolidge found the body of her husband on the bed fn a room at The Hreohas, the estate to which he re tired at the conclusion of his career ai 'lie national capital. His reach was wholly, unerpected, although for the past three weeks Mr. Coolidge had complained of in digestion. Doctors said death was due to heart disease. The former President, who up to the time of his death was the only surviving former President of the United States, had gone to his law office as usual this morning. After a short time in the office. Mr. Cool idge became distressed and decided to return home. Harry Ross, his secre 'Contlnued <m Page Four.) Strikes To Get Short Week Seen Green Tells Senate Committee Labor Is Deterni'ned To Have Fewer Hours Washington. Jan. 5. —(AP)— The use of "economic force" by calling strikes if necessary to bring about establishment of a shorter work week in industry was advocated today by William Green, president of the Am erican Federation of Labor, appear ing as thp first witness before a Sen- Judiciary sub-committee on the tilaek but to establish the five-day week and si-hour day i nail indus tries. He was so convinced of the neces sity of shorter hours, he said, that w '‘ are prepared to support the plan j-° tiring it about either through leg islative enactment, persuasion of those ,p ady to yield, or to exercise our eco nomic force in compelling employers to accept ft.’**-,, How would you exericse such otoe?" Chairman Norris asked. Hy calling strikes where the men are organized.” the labor official re- I’ied, "and thus withhold the ser vice of the employees until industry vstablishes the shorter wek.” imtitersmt 21 at lit Sispatth ONLY DAILY NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN THIS SECTION OPNOKTH CAROLINA AND VriSINIA. * FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. FORMER PRESIDENT DIES |WKfr': AAmmZM A. „ : . ::: : ; V :: > ' v : .vA ** VB : i: 3:81:3:? .?*£ • *‘ a .-Jw / ~ c -1 Mkv. 8H * : CALVIN c OOLIDGE ‘ " General Assembly Goes To Work With Vengeance House Shows Earnestness for Economy by Slashing Salaries First Day, But Senate Blocks Move; Most of Today Devoted t o the Inauguration nnllr Dlgpßteh Rareon, , In the Sir Walter Hotel, RY J. •' RASKURVIIiL. Raleigh, Jan. 5. —The House got down to work with a vegeance in its first! session Wednesday and passed a resolution to reduce the salaries of all elected State officials by 15 per cent, thus serving notice that it real ly intends to do something toward reducing Statfe expenses.. It was the first time in the memory of even the oldest observers here that either house has ever really gotten down to copper nails the first day of its ses siop and endeavored to -enact some really far-reaching legislation. Every effort to block this salary reduction bill in the House failed and it was finally approved by a roll call vote showing 99 members for it and only 16 against it. s It was generally believed even yes- BURNED LINER IS TOWED INTO HAVRE Cherbourg, France, Jan. 5. (AP)— The smoking hull of the linci f.’Atlan tique, which burned yesterday in the English channel, with the loss of 18 lives, was taken in tow today by a tug which started back for Havre. ESTATE OF FATHER OF MILLS REFUNDED Washington, Jart. 5.—(AP)— An abatement of $5,869,951 and a refund of $45,343 to the estate of Ogden L. Mills, : father of Secretary Mills for over-assessment of estate taxes were announced today by the Internal re venue Bureau. The. father of Secretary Mills died several years ago. HENDERSON,:N. C„ THURSDAY AFTERNOON, JANUARY 5, 1933 terday, however, that the resolution would not pass the Senate In the short time remaining today for its consideration there. For the Senate is usually more conservative and less (Continued on Page Four.} HouseFor Slashes Os Employees Raleigh, Jan. s.—(AP) —The'House today adopted a joint resolution call ing for a committee of three senators and five members of the House to investigate and report by February 1 as to what State departments and di visions can be discontinued or con solidated, and which, if any, State officials are not needed. Introduced by Representatives Wil son, of Caswell, and Taylor and Boyd of Mecklenburg, the original resolu tion,’ called for 4 committee of two senators and three representatives, but as the rules were suspended and the measure placed on immediate pas sage, it was amended. The measure was dispatched to the Senate by spe cial messenger after passage. Reresentatives Bowie, of Ashe, and Flannagan, of Pitt, sent up a bill to abolish the penalties for the non-pay ment of taxes. Bowie said the mea sure applied to penalties coming due February 1 and was an amendment to the 1931 law. , The House recessed after a very short session. SUBMISSION BILL QUICKLY MOVED BY 4 TO I MEIN Will Be Reported to Full Committee as Its Next Meeting Set For Next Monday WOULD SAFEGUARD DRY' STATE RIGHTS Full Committee Overwhelm ingly in Favor of Repeal But Plans to. Enact Legis lation To Prevent Return of Saloon—Unprecedent ed Speed Used Washington, Jan. 5 (AP) —The Sen ate Judiciary sub-committee, charged with study of prohibitio nrepeal pro posals, voted today in favor of a re solution for repeal of the controvert ed amendment. Acting with unprecedented speed, the committee, headed by Blaine, of Wis consin, agreed to report a repeal reso lution for submission to state legis latures with protection for dry states, and authorization Congress to, leg islate against return of the saloon. The vote was in effect, four to one, with the sub-committee agreeing un animously to approve the resolution, but with Senator Borah, Idaho Repub lican, and long a dry leader, reserv ing the right to. oppose it on the floor. Other members of the committee, all of whom, flavored the measure with some reservations, were Blaine; He bert, Republican, Rhode Island; Walsh Democrat, Montana, and Dill, Demo- ► crat, Washington. i The resolution will be formally re ported to the ful judiciary committee at its next meeting Monday. Speedy consideration there h4s been assurred by Chairman Norris. The full committee is overwhelming ly in favor of repeal, though there is a wide division of sentiment over the proposal to give Congress the right , to legislate against return of the sa loon . : It was the first time since national prohibition became effective 13 years ago this month that a Senate com mittee had voted favorably for repeal. Salary Cut Is Enacted By Senate But Lack of Techni cality of Ratification May Prevent Effec tiveness Raleigh, Jan. 5. —(AP) —Opposition to a House bill to cut salaries of State elective officers 15 percent crumbled in the Senate today, and the measure was passed 45 to 4. The Senate recessed shortly after (Continued on Page Six.) Many Fiee When Levees Crumble Memphis Tenn., Jan. 5.—(AP)— Scores of families fled today be fore flood waters that poured through four levee breaks a'ong the St. Francis river in southeast Missouri and northeast Arkansas. The gap in (he levee on the Mis souri side of the river sent water Over approximately 4,000 acres of lowlands. The second of the breaks, three and a half miles north of Kennett, Mo., came without warn ing, but Missouri National Guards men assisted marooned families to safety. No lives were lost, but some livestock perished. Balancing State Budget And Economies Necessary At Once, Executive Says GOVERNOR OF NORTH CAROLINA mm ' mm ■ ■Bk*- • JOHN CHRISTOPH BLUCHER EHRINGHAUS Inaugural Service One Os Pomp And Splendor In Keeping With Times, Cost to State Is Cut to Fifth of Ceremony Four Years Ago; Great Throng Attends Events in Raleigh New City Auditorium Daily Dlß|»nf<*li nar«aa, In the Sir Walter Hotel. BY J C. BASKTCRVIM. Raleigh, Jan. 5. —Amid a ceremony of pomp apd splendor Governor John C. B. Eliringhaus and other State of ficials were inaugurated here today, but, in keeping with the times, the State’s expenses incidental to the colorful parade and demonstration were held under S6OO. or about a fifth of the fund expended for the same purpose officials of the outgo ing administration were sworn in four years ago. One of the principal factors in the drastic reduction of inaugural expense was that all military and other units coming to the capital from other lo calities to paUrticipate in the parade came entirely at their own expense and members of the visiting com panies and bands paid their own meals and other incidentals while in the capital city. The visiting units participated in the demonstration-at the invitation of Adjutant General J. Van B. Metts, but their trips were made voluntarily. The artillery and infantry batal lions. together with N. C. State Col lege’s FC O. T. C. regiment, the Fay etteville Independent Light Infantry, and the Lenior high school band as sembled in front of the main en trance to the Executive Mansion shortly before noon. Then the 120th Infantry Band, in position on the walks leading tp the mansion steps, struck up “Hail to the Chief” as Governor O. Max Gardner, the retir ing executive, appeared on the porch. As the official party got into their cars the 120th Infantry band Joined the troops to escort the party through PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON EXCEPT SUNDAY. Raleigh’s principal downtown thor oughfares to the new City Auditorium As Governor Gardner and the official party left their automobiles, the troops fired a salute to the governor and the State College Band struck up (Continued on Page Six.) Abolition Proposal Rejected Washington, Jan. 5. (AP) A Democratic-sponsored proposal that the President be authorized by the new economy law to abolish depart ments was rejected today by Senate Appropriations Committee considering the special economy committee re commendations for savings in govern ment expenditure. The committee agreed, however, to the economy committee’s recommen dations that the President be em powered to abolish other executive agencies than departments, which would include bureaus, commissions and the like. It also agreed to the suggestion that executive transfers or abolitions would become effective in 60 days unless disapproved by concurrent re solution of both houses of Congress. 6 PAGES , TODAY FIVE CENTS COPT SSSf BALANCING BUDGET 'Cutting Expenses, Increase of Revenues or Both, and Higher Tax Almost Impossible PARDON OFFICIAL URGED FOR STATE Executive Counsel Would be Abolished, and Consolida tions Are Recommended By Ehringhaus; Opposes Aversion’ of Highway Funds to State Kalelgrh, Jan. s.—(AP)—John Christoph Blucher Khringhaus, of Elizabeth City, became North Caro’iina’s 54tli governor since in dependence at 12:37 this after noon. Raleigh, Jan. 5 *(AP) -4 Recommending sweeping changeSj/in State and local governmental set-ups of the State and warning'that the State budget must be “bal anced immediately,” John Christoph Blucher Ehring haus today told the General Assembly in his inaugural address that we must face a period of “hard self-denial.'” The new governor read his 6,000 word inaugural message after being sworn in by Chief Justice W. P. (Continued on Page Three.) Gardner Era rp • rri* trying lime Over State Four Turbulent; .Years Are Review ed as Administra tion Comes to End , Raleigh, Jan. 5 (AP) —North Caro lina today looked back upon four try. ing years as tfhe administration of Governor O. Max Gardner came to an end and took invetory of what it did to meet th?e changing conditions. The Gardner admind6tratiocn, begin ning in 1929, when prosperity was in bl&om, saw ttie bubble burst and be fore it was two years old, tlhe State was struggling to keep its hoad above the water. * With the depression came other woes for N.<orbh Carolina. Strikes tiroke out like eruption of volcanos; many banks collapsed as on Page 81*). wESthler FOR NORTH CARO LIBIA. Fair tonight and Friday; colder tonight and in the east jertion Friday; rising temperatures in ex treme west portion Friday.