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FARMER SIRE IS BASED UPON FEAR Persistent Foreclosures Seen As Desire To Grab Land for Rise By CHARLES I*. STEWART Washington, May 13 —Lawmakers from the agricultural states admit that they were as march surprised as ether folks when the farmers voted to strike at their Des Moines con vention a few day g ago. Tne legif latDrs hjr.d believed the relief plan they were engaged in adopting was reasonably satisfactory to the yeomanry. It appeal's, however, that the agra rian elas feared trickery. Senators and representatives with rural constituencie ssay it is a fact that mortgage foreclosures have mul tiplied recently. They (and, evident ly, the farmers) interpret this as meaning that mortgagees see pros pects of an early increase in land values, as a result of currency infla tion and collateral policies, a*'d want title to it before a revival begins to enable present occupants to meet their obligations. The employment of the militia in lowa also is spoken of as having aroused a determination to resort to force against force, throughout the whole farm area. RENEGING? j Hints already are appearing in the European press of an English and French inclination to renege on the i co operative assurances given by j Prime Minister MacDonald and ex- j Premier Herriot, during their recent chats' wi‘h President Roosevelt rela tive to the coming London Interna tional Economic conference. SCIENTISTS DISAGREE Indications point to a first-class sctLenuf-J- disagreement between Smithsonian and weather bureau me teorologists over the question whe ther or not solar heat variations cause appreciable earthly climittic changes, the Smithsonian* experts taking the affirmative and the bu- | reau’s the negative side of the argu ment. ! Tax Relief Uncer tain Os Status i Don tinned from Page one.) still, however much confusion over! the two companion bills abolishing j tax sales. These two bills were ratified early in the session, one abolishing back tax penalties and the other doing away with future tax sales. A few counties were exempted from the pro visions of the bills at the time, but I since then about half the counties have become exempt from tne acts by the passage of local measures, and now the repeal of the entire apts is a pending matter in the dying Gen- j eral Assembly. Vigorously Opposed. House Rill 158. doing away with : future tax sales, along with Senate: Bill 180, abolishing back tax penalties j came in for a good deal of opposition ! after they had been passed, and were strenuously fought by the North Car- j olina Association of County Commis sioners. A bill repealing House Bill ILB has already been passed by the Senate, and is awaiting action by the House. Senate Biil lSu has also been amend ( ed in the enate, and is awaiting ac | tion by the House. The act ratified! early in the session permitted delin quent taxpayers to pay up their taxes for the past five years in five an nual Installments, less ail penalties i and Interest. It also provided that! those taxpayers who settle in full, or who paid their installments one day before they fell clue, would get a 10 percent discount., r- ' ; There wad much 'opposition to this ; act, particularly to the 10 percent dis- j count featuie, and the hill to repeal I tljis provision of Senate Bill 180, in-J tr,oduced by Senator Bland, of Wavne the support of the administration , X>articulai iy State Treasurer Charleys i M. Johnson, and the State Asspcfa tion of County Commissioners; Many j of the county governing bodies were ! opposed to htis provision? of*the bill! BABE RUTH TO FETE ORPHAN BOYS WHO SAVED TRAIN 5 *i- t• r ‘ . Six orphan boys of Vassaic, N. J., who flagged a speeding commuter train a few feet from a' deep washout, averting a serious acci dent, are going to be the guests of Babe Ruth at the Yankee sta dium when the New York Yankee baseball team returns from its • • s As Our Newest Sea Queen Sailed KB Ok •’<4 s y • * HM* 'v.;> ————— i i n i ' Flag-bedecked, the new United States liner Washington is shown pulling out of her pier in New York to start on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic. The Washington, sister ship of the S. S. Manhattan, was built at Camden, N. J., and is one of the two largest ships built in the United States. Captain George Fried, hero of many sea rescues, commands the new pride wf Um American merchant marine. because they feared it would force the counties into default, and for this same reason quite a number of coun ties had already exempted themselves from the bill by local measures. Bland Bill Fought. The Bland bill to amend Senate Bill ISO came in for considerable opposi tion in the Senate. The Bland bill sought to strike out the 10 percent dis count feature al'ogethr, but the Sen ate adopted an amendment by Sen ator Grady, of Johnson, extending the tim for obtaining the discount until December 1, of this year. The reason for this was to permit some of the; farmers and small landowners to take! advantage of the discount, rate as, many large corporate lein holders ihaved one already. j Senate bill 180 became law early l last month, and some of the corpor ate lein holders have already got a. 10 percent discount. It is pointed out! that the farmers will not have an op portunity to do this until they make their fall crops. Proponents of thel Grady amendment claim that corpor ate lein holders have taken advan-i tage of the discount to a large extent, ( but, according to State Treasurer Johnson, they have done this in only* a few counties. He urged the repeal of Senate Bill 180, however, declaring that the corporate, lein holders would take advantage of 'he act within the near future if it were not repealed immediately. ••Virtually Nullified. By daoption of the Grady amend ment the effect of Senator Bland’s bill to repeal the law is Virtually nullified, since lein holders can con tinue ot get the discount up until De cember 1. Thus, delinquent taxpay ers will actually be paying less than those taxpayers who borrowed the money to pay thei rtaxes on time. Un der the Grady amendment, a 7 1-2 percent discourit will be obtainable after December 1 up until January 1, •1934; a five percent discount after January 1 and up until February 1; and a 2 1-2 percent discount from February 1 to March 1. This bill was argued on three sep arate days before it finally passed the senate, even with the Grady amend ment, and it is likely to create a fight in the House, with the result ex tremely doubtful. May Fall in Rush. This bill does not apply to 1932 taxes, but Representative Walter Murphy, of Rowan introduced a bill in the House providing that all pen alties on 1932 taxes shall be taken off until July 1, 1933, and that thereafter the penalty shall be only one-half of one percent a month until the penalty amount sto six percent v > v ... 7 —u,. a.-,- Six Men S6sking j t 1935 Speakership '(Continue*; from Page One.) ; r : t speakership in the 1931 House and would be a formidable candidate for present road trip. Ruth tele* graphed each of the boys laud ing them for their courage and in viting them to be his guests at a ball game after learning of the incident when the young heroes told photographers and reporters the only thing they wanted was to j v |~ Ft HENDERSON, "(N.CJ BEILY DISPATCH, SATURDAY, MAY 13, RW.7I i the pest should he decide to seek it 1 in 1935, it is generally agreed. How ever, friends of Moss are by no means ' sure that he wants th epost now or ! that he will be a candidate for it. ; feonrn also point out that because of j the vigorous opposition of Moss co I spme of the bills introduced this ses sion, especially local bills designed to exempt certain counties ffom Statewide aws he has incurred the displeasure of a good paany memlbers. But if Moss does decide to run, he will give the field a strong race, it is i agreed. There is strong sentiment among many member sos the present House ;in favor of Representative Thomp | son,of ColumbUg comity, and a num ber of his friends are urging him to make the race for speaker. He was a member of the House in 1925 and during this session has become | one of its really influential members. More than six feet tall, with a voice that ca nbe heard in all parts of the hall even during the customary din in the house, and with a genial xlis position that enables him to make friends easily, Thompson has become one of the most popula rmembers of the entire house. And personal pop ularity goes a long way in the contest for speaker. Another potential candidat efor the speakership that will have a strong following if he runs, is Representative McEachren, the \ ,£|pt ijrom, Hoke with the name that few can pro nounce correctly. McSachern is per sonally popular with the present membership, has voice that can pen etrate the hulabaloo of most house sessions, a dvoll sense of huimjor and a pollysyllabic vocabulary with which he delights to confound his less sto j urologically infromed colleagues. I When called to the speaker’s chair this session, McEachem has shown I ability to rule the house with a noisy i gavel nd an iron hand —’almost too much for some of the members. Representative Turner, of High Point, one of the newer and younger members of the House, having served in the 1931 and the present sessions, is being supported by a number of the younger and more progressive mem bers for the speakership, because of the impressive record he has made. For in spite of liis youthful appear ance, Turner has been one of the reai leaders in the house this session and has exerte da definite inflvyice u%n jits seek the speakership it is agrieed that he will have some -able support. Although Representative Robert Grady Johnson of Pender ig one of | the members of the house wtho pel ; dlom makes a speech and wlho j hjs' ideas much, to htjmselg, he has | taken an active .part in the various ,-committee and ;feas had much to ,do have the Babe informed of what had happened. The boys, shown on the steps of the Passaic Orphan asylum, are, left to right, John Murdock, Jacob Merlnizek, Rudolph Barsche, Frank Maz zola, Douglas Fleming and -Mich ael Mazzola. * .> A \ with the legislation that has been enacted pertaining to insurance. This is his,second team in the house', hav ing bee, n a member of the 1931 house. He has a personality _ that wins Mends and has a substantial follow ing. Representative Lumpkin of Frank lin county is one of the/younger mem bers of the House who has rapidly come to the front in its activities, especially with regard to legislation affecting the more rural counties. This is his third term in the general assembly, having served in the 1929 and 1931 house. He has consistently stood with the group that have sough to reduce taxes on property, especial ly farm property and has advocated increasing the taxes on corporate business. He has a good sized fol lowing in this group. Joint Resolution Adopted By Both Howes to Close (Continued from Page One.) bill which designates the commission er of revenue to draft a plan. BOTH HOUSES PLAN FOR SINE DIE ADJOURNMENT Raleigh, May 13 —(AP) —The North Carolina General Assembly today set its course to adjourn sine die at noon Monday. A joint resolution calling for gravels to fall at that lime was adopted by ‘the Senate immediately after pas sage of the school machinery bill compromise report on second read ing, 36 to 6. The House, its calendar practically clear, had adjourned until 3*p. m., this afternoon when the adjournment resolution was adopted in the Senate but action there was certain. . The Senate voted to meet Monday at 10 a. m. and to take its final vote on the schbbi 'report an hour later. For the first time this session, both houses held regular sessions today. Usually the Saturday meetings have been given over to local bills only, with a majority of the membership away for the week-end. Quarums were present in both houses today. There was no discussion as the Senate put the school report through its second reading. It does not have to go back to the House, but, since the bill contained a material cnange in the bill as it originally passed the Senate, it had to pass three read ings on separate days there. The House suspended its rules and passed a bll to legalize pari-mutual betting and horse race tracks in Ro wan county, subject to approval of the voters. Farm Relief And Inflation Major Work to Present (Continued from Page One.) sures, topped by the almost complet ed Rooseve.'t $3,300,000,000 public con struction program, with its special features for industrial cooperation ,under Federal supervision. This was expected early next week. Since it will contain taxes for inter est and amortization purposes, the bill must originate in the House, where it wil lbe handled swiftly by the powerful ways and means com mittee. The signing yesterday of the farm and $500,000,000 relief bills, mai'ked another milestone in administration, efforts which already had put the emergency banking, economy, beer and forest camp laws on the statute books. Two others —Federal securities re gulation and development of the Ten nessee valley—were almost ready for the Wihite House. Both were in the conference stage at the Capitol, and conferees hoped to reach a Muscle Shoals agreement today. Two interstate commerce commit tees, one in each branch, were busy on the emergency railroad bill, but were encountering some strenous ob jections; from labor quarters. Passed by the House and now be fore the, Senate Appropriations Com mittee was a, half billion dollar supply b|l4 fr’or the Jfcid»p£nd.ent ‘executive agencies, including the Veterans Ad ministration. . It covered also sweep ing new economy powers for Presi dent Roosevelt. The Senate yesterday passed the House bill continuing .the one-cent gasoline tax,’ revising the' electricity tax and reducing drop letter post age from three to two cents. Then it struck a snag in its own special field of confirming nominations when Couzens, Republican, Michigan, block ed action on Dean G. Acheson, of Maryland for the under secretary ship. House Is Winner Over The Senate on School Bills (Continued from Page One.) school machinery bill left this and several other House amendments in; the bill.. The Senate conferees also agreed to permit the O’Berry amend ment, providing that no city or coun ty in default on its obligations could supplement for a ninth month, to re main in the bill. This provision pre cipitated a hot fight on the confer ence report in the eSnate, however, where Senators Waynick, of Guilford and Blackstock, of Buncombe, bitter ly opposed it. This amendment will probably make it impossible for either Asheville or High Point to have a nine months school term, since both these cities ar e in default. The Sen ate adopted the report on first read ing by a vote Q f 27. to 14. Because of the decision on the part of the Senate conferees to accept the House amendment permitting supple mental taxes for a nine months term, provided the people vote for it, the bill as amended must pass two more readings in the Senate. This wili make it impossible for it to pass its third reading until Monday. Indica tions are that both houses will meet Monday night, that th* will WHERE PEGGY McMATH WAS HELD CAPTIVE 49 HOURS tv&S/B&Xi I.in WMi : ? .IjiiP jm i , > v # ■ Wm If WyJ< -A -i. ' Ptilu iiiifiitiwflff < ,*» > ,v V f; :S - ; ; ■ 'J» » Authorities who have inspected the cellar in which Peggy Mc- Math, 10, was kept prisoner for 49 hours, call it a “chamber of horrors”—damp, pitch dark and pass the school machinery bill on its third reading and that both houses will then adjourn sine die, bringing to a close a legislative session that has lasted almost four and one-half months. Amendments Accepted. The Senate conference committee also agreed co accept several of the other House amendments added to the bill. Among these are: The amendment providing that county superintendents shall take of fice on July 1 of each year. The amendment providing that any school with 60 high school pupils shall be a high school, instead of 80, as passed by the Senate, except where geographical conditions intervene. The amendment reducing the size of administrative school units from 2,000 school population to 1,000 school population. The amendment to permit indivi dual schools, with the approval of the local board of education and the State iSchoolj Commission., do ti'jgl j; months work in six months, by op erating either six days a week or an extra hour a day, This amendment was adopted to - take care of certain Negro schools in agricultural sections where the people do not want their children to go to school more than six months. The amendfents .prohibiting the levying of any supplemental taxes for any purposes in Martin, Currituck and Cherokee counties. Reject Salary Figure. The Senate conferees refused to ap prove the House amendment limiting the salary of 'he executive secretary Wife Preservers Grass stains are frequent in the early days of spring and summer. Rub molasses on the spot, roll gar ment up and leave for several hours or over night, then wash as usual. ■ ; ; , i--; iL I | Spring Tornado Sweeps Two States, Killing 57 * « - sfiOZstamaKFi i * ■• y ■:•■•■._„ .... • > l^^^^^T^^lllWlHirillrfHMMtnM^ißlmmimrSiMTOiitfffn ---** Leaving behind it scene of almiost unbelievable desolation at least 57 known dead and scores-of injured, thS spring] tornado which swept stuffy. They were l.orrified to find that the child had lain just a few feet from a cistern into which she easily could have rolled. While she lay in darkness in the of the State chool Commission to $2,- ' 800 and boosted th elimit to $3,600 a year. They limited the amendment providing that the per diem and ex penses of members of the School Cflttn mission should no> amount to more I WAT IS Feeding Transplanted Shrubs White domant jshrtrbs are easily 1 transplanted it must not be forgotten that they teceive a severe shock in the operation, and that special care should be given them until they have (established themselves in the new lo cation and recovered fully their vigor Many a shrub survives neglect only to continue throughout its life as a weakling, never developing to the full possibilities. A little care in the few ;points which are essential to the ’health of a shrub will be well repaid- This care relates chiefly to providing ia plentiful supply of food and water Because of the sacrifice of roots which always takes place when a shrub is moved ,the transplanted iplant is obliged to find its nouish ment in a relatively small volume of soil. This soil should be enriched and prevented from drying out too much, since the plant takes food only when it is dissolved in water. When the hole for the roots has been dug large enough to contain the roots when well spread, mix a quar ter pint of complete plant food with the soil at the bottom of the hole. To ’each gallon of soil used in filling the hole add a quarter pint of plant food, mixing well. When the soil is being filqed in it should be tamped thor oughly and all air spaces among the roots should be filled. The roots must be in direct contact with soil or they cannot absorb food. For a year after transplanting spe cial care must be taken to water through parts of the Kentucky-Ten nessee border area has left many homes in the condition of the one abowe, at Livingston, Tenn. Three basement of the shack, which is just across the street from the home of Kenneth Buck in Har wichport, Mass., Peggy could heat children playing outside. than SI,OOO a cear to the' present year of 1933 only. The House amendment, lL tabling ihe present certificates plan for teach ers, was also approved by the Senate conferees. j , \ Cv,/jL* ««u V ,\v\ AV/ Wt LARGE enough WVf .niJvJ/ to allow Yv \ \\l ll]n// AMPLE ROOM rs- MIX 'A PINT OF A PLANT FOOD WITH EACH GALLON OF SOIL. TAMP SOIL FIRMLY j\ j"'l A AROUND ROOTS AND Aft i \ WAITER TH°ttOUoHL^^^^^^^^ shrubs in dry spells. A drouth which would not affect well established •shrubs, which have wide spreading roots, may be felt seriously by newly transplanted shrubs whose roots are shallow and confined to a small area around the plant- A well-fed shrub quickly corrects yfhis condition oy making new roots, so that the com plete recovery from the ' shock of transplanting is hastened. * were killed when the high wind sm as “ ed the dwelling to kindling- Below, wounded being cared for in enaSr ' gency clinic.