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Henderson daily dispatch. (Henderson, N.C.) 1914-1995, August 24, 1933, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91068401/1933-08-24/ed-1/seq-3/

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former Henderson Man Has
Developed New Type Cotton
£ G. Rowland, Sumpter, S. €. # Banker, Growing Five-
Lock 801 l Instead of Four-Lock Kind; May Revolu.
tionize Culture of South’s Money Crop
C G. Rowland, Sumter, S. C., bank
er who has recently developed a new
t-.pe of cotton in <he form of a five
kvk boll, instead of the usual four
lock boll, is a former resident of this
city alu i i.s remembered by the older
citizns. The Sumter Daily Item last
Friday carried a lengthy article in
description of the new type of cotton.
That article follows:
Like a romance is the story of the
development of a new type of cotton,
which will probably in time supercede
ail of the old. or present, varieties, be
cause with the same amount of fer
tilizer and work it yields about a third
jnore than ordinary style, sufficient
to mean success or failure in these
days when the generally accepted
theory i 3 that cotton farming does not
pay the farmer.
The n?w type of cotton has five
jocks to the boll, instead of the usual
four locks, and is an early and blight -
proof variety. It has been developed by
C. G. Rowland of this city, who has
been working on the selection and de
velopment of it for five or six years
and now has it brought to a stage
where the seed can be used on a limit
ed commercial scale.
Bellieving the old maximum of El
bert Hubbard that “One who makes
two blades of grass grow where one
giew before is a benefactor of hu
manity," Mr. Rowland, president of
National Bank of South Carolina of
ihis city and one of the most success
ful practical farmers in this county,
started with an idea which he has
gradually developed with pains-taking
skill and perseverance. One day about
six years ago while walking through
his cotton field he hapuened to no
tice where the cotton picker had gath
ered the cotton from a bolL of five
separate locks. He looked at the empty
pod and then sought to gather an open
boll with five locks in it. He found
this somewhat difficult, but finally
succeeded in finding one. Mr. Row
land, being a banker, must be prac
tical. He is also practical in his farm
ing and a practical idea struck him.
If cotton could be raised having five
leeks, instead of the usual four it
would save work, fertilizer, space—
and that would mean more successful
ccttcn raising.
With this idea In mind Mr. Row
land searched the cotton field over
and when tver he found a five-lock
boll, he nabbed tt. A premium was
given pickers who would bring in j
five-lock bolls, so at the end of the
season quite a number of the bolls had
been gathered. Here developed a dif
ficulty which one not so persevering
as Mr. Rowland would not have over
come, separating lint and seed. Dur
ing the winter months at night when
Mr. Rowland and member’s of his fa
mily sat by their fireside they slowly
and painstakingly picked out the seed
by hand, a system relegated to the
past whn Eli Whitney inventd the
cotton gin way back in 1793.
The next year these seed were
planted separatly and carefully ten
ded. When cotton picking time came
again the five-lock bolls were picked
and stored away In the barn until
the picking season was over and again
the seed were carefully picked by
hand. The next year and the next the
same process was gone over. Each
y;ar Mr. Rowland was careful to
gather only the five-lock bolls from
plants which were gradually develop
ing the five-lcck type aimed at.
This year Mr. Rowland had suf
ficient seed to plant fifty acres of his
?now Hill Plantation in the five-lock
type cotton. The cotton is an early
vatitty ana ever a hale to the acre
was already developed before boll
weevils became numerous enough to
do any serious damage. The cotton is
a wilt-resistant type, which is another
strong point in its favor. Now pickers
ate going through the field, where an
average of eighty-five per ent of the
boils are of the five-lock cotton type.
The bolls are larger and fluffier than]
ordinary cotton. The . pickera,
been given strict instruction3f.ro 'gath
er only the bolls with' five locks. Mr.
Rowland expeqta tb gather between
forty and fifty bales of this type cot
ton from the fifty acres. Hater on the
pickers will go back over the field
and gather the remaining bolls, with
probably ten or fifteen bales more
coming in from that picking. The
pickers of the five-lock bolls are given
a premium for picking, as they have
to be very careful of what they pick-
Careful watch is kept and if a. picker
gathers one of the four-lock bolls
five-lock cotton, he, or she, is at onee
sent to the fields of ordinary cottoit.
Os course this pick
d freom th filed will be kept separat
ed from all other cotton and ginned
separately, with careful attention to
Quick Relief for
Chills and Fever
and Other Effects of
Don’t put up with the suffering of
Malaria — the teeth-chatterlng chills
and ihe burning fever. Get rid of
Malaria by getting the infection out
of your system. That’s what Grove’s
Tasteless Chill Tonic does —destroys
and drives out the infection. At the
same time, it builds up your system
against further attack.
drove’s Tasteless Chill Tonic con
tains tasteless quinine which kills the
infection in the blood. It also con
tains iron which builds up the blood
and helps it overcome the effects of
Malaria as well as fortify against re
infection. These are the effects you
want for COMPLETE relief. Grove’s
Tasteless Chill Tonic is pleasant to
take and absolutely safe, even for
children. No bitter taste of quinine.
Ltt a bottle today and be forearmed
Mrainst Malaria. For aale at all
•tores.— Adv. . , 4j ,
see that the seed are not mixed with
•any ordinary cotton seed
Recently as a test Mr. Rowland
gathered seventy-five bolls of his five
lock cotton and his overseer gathered
the same number of bolls of the four
lock, or common, variety of cotton.
The cotton was picked out and weigh
ed. The five-lock variety weighed 23 5
obnees and the four-lock cotton
weighed 17.5 ounces. (Generally seven
ty-five bolls of cotton will weigh a
pound). This shows the five lock cot
ton weighed approximately thirty per
cent more than the ednmon variety
of cotton, indicating a bigger and bet
ter lock.
‘‘Now,’ says Mr. Rowland: “You
can readily see? the great practical ad
vantage of the five-lock staple over
the four-lock staple. Since the same
amount of fertilizer must be used and
the cotton given the same amount of
work, a cotton which is blight-proof
early and which yields thirty per cent
more in weight, would be of tremen
dous advantage to the grower in these
times of keen competition.”
Mr. Rowland, naturally, is very
enthusiastic over his development and
ibelieves it will prove a boom of in
estimable value to southern farmrs.
Os course he realizes it will mean pro
fit to himself, but at the prsent time
is more interested i nthe new type
of cotton being developed as the sal
vation of the farmer.
Maxwell Passed
Powers To Noble
(Continued trom T*age One.?
with designation as executive assistant
It is generally agreed, of course,
that Governor Ehringhaus recommen
ded the appointment of Dr. Noble to
this position and that he be given
full authority to deal with “organiza
tion responsibilties.” But this state
ment by Commissioner Maxwell un
doubtedly tends to show that Dr.
Noble has full authority with regard
to organization matters and personnel
and to issue any statements pertain
taining to these matters without need
ing any accompanying statement from
him as commissioner of revenue.
The question as to who was really
head of the revenue department, Max
well or Noble, has been raised recent
ly as the result of the statement is
sued several days ago by Noble re
vealing that certain irregularities in
the accounts of some employes had
been discovered, with no accompany
ing statement by Maxwell.
U. S. Employment
Funds Available
(Continued rrotn PMre one.?
it,” Fletcher said. “One of the pur
poses of my trip to Washington was to
see if there was any possibility of get
ting any of this money without the
State having to match it. But that
seems to be out of the question. So
the only thing for us to do now is to
nnd some way of getting the neces
sary 25 per cent of this amount.”
About the only encouraging feature
is that, if any cities an dtowns will
put up any money for employment of
fices, these amounts will be regarded
the same &s if put by the State. So
if a sufficient number of cities and
towns will cooperate in this work, it
will be possible to get a substantial
portion of the $29,040 allocated to the
Stat. 9 under the Wagner bill, Fletcher
Banker of Shelby
Is President
... T'
(Continued rrom Page One.)
shoiild become “its own financier.”
mation given me indicates that ap
proximately $33,000,000 of North Caro
lina money is now on deposit in New
Summary Os Uniform Annual Budget Estimate
Os Vance County, North Carolina
' ' ' - ... f
For The Fiscal Year Beginning July 1, 1933 and Ending June 30, 1934
Published in Compliance witb Requirement of the “County Fiscal Control Act.”—Sec. 7, Ch. 146, P. L., 1927
Column 1 Column 2 •. , Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7 Column 8
- . ' •' ' | Estimate of
FUND Estimate of (Col. 1 less Col 2.) Uncollectible (Col. 3, plus Col. 4) Estimate Estimate of Tax Rate 1
Total Revenue to Be Tax Levy Taxes, Commis- Total of Property Tax Rate of Last •
‘ Budget Available', other to Balance sions on Collections Amound of Valuation on SIOO Preceding ,
, Tr , +• <ti a nnA nnA nn Requirements than , Buddget and Tax Tax Levy Valuation Levy »
Estimated Valuation $16,000,000.00 Tax . Payers’ Discount \ '
* ■. ■■ i. SIXtGOB
County Debt Serviee —Exclusive of Schools .. Hi,317.87 . $ 4,185.00 $37,132 87 $39,681.80 Million \ .13
General Cmintv Fund 32,381.72 10.425.00 21,906.i2 2,042.12 23,998.84 Do .15 > .lo
Poor Fund 17,634.70 380.00 17,254.70 954.14 18,208.84 Do .12 .05
Health Fund .‘.V .V. V. 6,500.00 50.00 6,450.00 359.38 6,809.38 Do -04
Total $97,834.29 $15,040.00 j $82,794.29 $5,904.57 $88,698.86 Do .56 .40
SPECIAL TOWNSHIP LEVY: T ownsville Railroad Bonds
Estimated Valuation Townsville Township
$4- r >0,000.00
Townsville Railroad Bond Fnnd 57,423.75 None $7,423.75 $300.00 $7,723.75 $450,000.00 $1.73 $1.42
To the Honorable Board of County Commissioners, Vance County, N.<C.
, - ' r 1 ;C r August 22, 1933
Gentlemen: T v .' v 1
The ahnve fi<mre«? refleot the needs of the various functions of government of our County for the year commencing'July Ist, 1933 and ending June 30th, 1934. These are purely estimates and are
i VV nn nTI valuation of $16,000,000. 00 for the County as a whole. The 40c rate for 1932 was based upon an estimated valuation of $17,500,000.00.
based upon an estimated vaiuauon u Respectfully submitted,
, * G. W. ADAMS,
• ‘ County Accountant, Vance County, N. C.
York banks in the form of general
under’W % U i d is e drawin g no interest
under the Glass-Steagall bill
"The utilization of only a sma!l part
Os these cash reserves in New York
would take the State of North Caro
lina out ol the borrowing market i n
New York,’ he said pointing out that
metropolitan banks still hold $4,682 160
in State short term notes.
Calling for a “larger sympathy” to
ward the State government, Governor
Ehringhaus declared “its officers are
not a group of fattening political para
sites, but are giving their brains, their
heart and their best energies in a
manifest effort to solve the problems
which press upon them.
‘‘Are they not entitled at least to
the presumption that their acts are
canrolled by an integrity of motive,
and are not the results of sinister
schemes and suggestions?”
Big Stores At Odds
On Price Rule
(Continued trom Page one.)
cost, plus ten percent, then they may
logically iaise the margin to 15 per
cent, 25 percent or even higher per
The adoption of such a pfinriple,”
he said, “will not increase consumption
nor build purchasing power. It will
choke the free flow of commerce and
strength volume. Price-fixing agree
ments between manufacturers and re
tailers have heretofore been held il
Namm said that without the Re
covery Administration’s approval of
the fair practices section of the code,
‘‘we cannot continue in business un
der the increased labor cost made nec
essary by the new deal.”
Sheriff Liberates Eleven
Negroes In Attack Case
(Continued irom Page One.)
he would take the girl later in the day
to Wake Forest to view a Negro sus
pect being held there and then to Ra
leigh to see several other Negroes held
there in connection with the case. He
said an intensive investigation into
the case was being continued.
The attack on the child occurred
about 4 or 5 o’clock Wlednsday after
noon when she went to the lot to feed
her father’s hogs. As she was em
ptying a pail of swill into the peri, she
said two Negroes appeared from a
hiding and asked her if her father had
any money in the house. She told them
she did not know, whereupon they
grabbed her, and started off to the
woods with her. She said they gaged
her and one of them struck her in
the abdomen, a blow which is sup
posed to have rendered her uncon
scious. Her parents were in Hender
son at the time, and only a couple of
smaller children in the family were
at her home at the time. When her par
ents returned and missed her, a
search was started. After som time,
she had partially regained conscious
ness, and, heaping calls (from her
father, she answerd as she was ap
proaching- the home of a farmer on a
neighboring farm. She was unable to
tell everything about the affair at
that time, being in a dazed condition,
and was brought here for hospital
Crowd Gathers at Scene.
The attack was reported to officers
shortly after nightfall, and reports of
the crime spread rapidly. In a short
while several hundred men had gath
ered in tne vicinity of the Van Dyke
home, and officers began scouring the
neighborhood, and during the night
and early today’- an even dozen Ne
groes were rounded up in that section
and in Henderson.
Bloodhounds were summoned from
Enfield, and passed through Hender
son at 11:30 o’clock last night, ar
riving at the scene just before mid
night. Because so many tracks had
been marie in the vicinity of the spot
where the attack had occurred, it was
found impossible for the dogs to pick
up a trail, and they were sent back
to Enfie'.d early today without ever
being used at all.
Mob Was Calm.
Sheriff Hamlett said the mob that
gathered was calm, and, even though
many were reported to be armed, there
was no pronounced show of probable
violence. He said every cooperation
was Shown to the officers in their
search, and this was appreciated. Most
cf the crowd that gathred dispersed
and returned to their homes sometime
after midnight when it Appeared un
likely that ihe dogs would be used.
Physicians were unable to determine
definitely by what means the cuts on
tohe left arm and left leg were mace,
but inclined to the idea that a knife
was used. Stitches were required to
close the wound on the arm.
The child was reported to have
screamed when the two Negroes grab
bd her at the hogpen, and they are
said to have told her they would kill
her unless she desisted. She could not
explain how she received the cuts, and
could not say what happened after she
rceived the blow in the abdomen, nor
why the two men ran away.
Seven of the Negroes taken into cus
tody were believed to be Vance county
Master Service City Service Serve-All Service
Station Station Station
S. Garnett St.., Phone 94 S. William St., 1 Phone 756 N. William St., Phone 663
} riieri and four from Granville.
Immediately after the report to •
them, officers notified the authorities j
in all surroutidng sections, and the
corralling cf the Negroes at Wake
Forest and in Raleigh resulted. The
child unable to give a close de
scription of the tw T o men, other than
to say one was a tall dark Negro
wearng overalls and the other a rath
er short, chunky man wearing brown
Several Reports Heard.
I One report was that two Negros ap
peased at the Van Dyke home in mid
afternoon and asked for work, but i
were turned sway. Another report!
later in the night was that two Ne-'
goes fitting the descriptions given had
been accosted on the national high-'
I why a. mile south of the city and
1 near the American Tourist Camp, and
| that one of them was fired upon and
! injured, but an investigation yielded
no trace cf any injured man.
Miss Van Dyke, after being discharg
ed from the hospital, today, was ablo
to return to her home, and prepared
to accompany officers to Wake For
est and Raleigh later in the day to
view the suspects being held in these
two places.
After the report was broadcast,
Sheriff Spivey and a deputy from
Franklin county came here and joined
in the search, as did also Chief of
Police Jackson of Oxford.
The report was given to county of
j ficers jttsc as Sheriff Ha.ii.lett arrived
1 in town from Hickory, where he had
! been for two days attending the- State
convention of the Junior Order. He at
once joined the search and took com
mand of the investigation and man
hunt, which he and his deputies and
others were pressing vigorously todiiy.
Silage To Feed 16 Cows.
Lenior, Aug. 22.—George- Laxton of
Ilia Kings Creek community, Cald
well county, will cut enough.silage this
year to feed sixteen cows for a period
of 156. days, reports. County Agent D.
H. Sutton. This silage . will. be stored
iin a trench silo 60 feet long, six and
one-half feet deep and seven and onel
half feet wide.
Fisherman on the Danube hang little
bells to their nets to attract the fish.

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