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( !ateway to CENTRAL CAROLINA TWENTY-FIRST YEAR RESPONSIBILITY for MISS BURROUGHS IS REFUSED BY CANNON Bishop Testifies at Trial He 1* Not To Blame for Campaign Reports She Made NEVER TRIED TO CHCEK ON HONESTY Savs Woman Never Knew fje Had Obtained the Money and They Two Could Not, Therefore, Have Conspired To Violate Corrupt Practices Act Washington. April 20. (AP> Bishop James Cannon. Jr. told a Dis trict of Columbia jury today that he was not responsible for reports made hv Miss Ada L. Burroughs of conti butions used against the 1928 presi dential candidacy of Alford E. Smith. The Southern Methodist churchmau was testifying for the second day in his trial with Miss Burroughs in a charge of conspiracy to violate the Federal corruptp ractices act in mak mc reports to the clerk of the House of the funds received. He said also, that he kept campaign funds in a safe deposit box in Rlcn mond and in a “big tin box’’ in his Washington apartment. Cannon testified it was the duty of Miss Burroughs, treasurer of the Vir ginia anti-Smith committee, which the bishop headed, to make the reports. " went over them in a general way”, he added, "and they seemed to be correct. It never occurred to me to check whether she had been honest.” Bishop James Cannon. Jr., told a District of Columbia jury today that he and Miss Ada L. Burroughs could not have conspired to violate the Fed eral corrupt practices act in failing to heport $48,000 received for his 1928 anti-Smith campaign because the wo man never knew he had obtained the money. I se of Convicts To Replace Mules Ordered Stopped Little Rock, Ark., April 20. < AF) Governor J. M. Futrell to day ordered the state penal board to stop the use of convicts in place of mules to pull cotton planters on the Rucker State Prison farm. The governor acted after re ceiving a report from hisp rivate secretary and Chairman Waiter Helms of the penal board. witnessed a demonstration of the unioue method adopted by Prison Superintendent A. G. Stedman to get the huge prison crop planteu. HlHetaoin shrdlu cmfwyp vbgkqj vbg I T. VALENTINE IS COOLEY’S MANAGER Raleigh, April 20.—(AP)—I. T. Val entine, of Nashville today was selected' hy Harold D. Cooper of Nashville, to manage his campaign for the Demo f,iaUo nomination to Congress from th * fourth district. Hearings On Monday For Tobacco Bill I ar Heel Congresss nien Marshal Wit nesses To Support Kerr Measure Washington, April 2.—(AP)—With H,| ngM on the Kerr bill for tobacco ° n I °' sc heduled for Monday, repre statfrom tobacco growing wit t<>day m «de plans to marshal "f bst's who will testify the measure d„ M eC<ssary if the voluntary crop re ' 'on plan is to succeed. live 'if "Produced by Representa- Wmt ** rr ’ Democrat, North Carolina, all t * V 8 taax °f 25 per cent on in th UC ,° ,so,d ' Farmer s cooperating be i f v ° ontary plan, however, would their SU<KI taX exem P t warrants fo\ The*,, IH ° l ata share of the crop. Pavnu l ants Would he accepted In Payment of the tax. ceiv°e r rr ratin S S rowers would re them ax ' exem Pt warrants, forcing Cooper- n Pay tlle tax on an y leaf sold, more th. mß L farmers who wish to sell be ai ‘ ,heir allotment would also "able f or thfi tax mmlu Ufamtt th fc O. K.* Law and Order Governor Allen In sharp contrast to the attitude of California’s Governor is that of Governor Oscar K. Allen of Louisi ana, who mobilized two companies of State National Guard to protect confessed killer under arrest in Caddo Parish courthouse, Shreve* port, from mob of 6,000. C Central Press j BAILEYS HAND IS SEENJNCONTEST Raleigh Postmaster and Her. bert Gulley Suspected of Being Active BOTH ARE BAILEY MEN Would Likely Work for Cooley; Pal mer Bailey Resorts to Publicity By Wearing Overalls On Street Corner Dally Dispatch Bnrenn In the Walter Hotel, nv J •' n ASK LRVI 1,1,. Raleigh, April 20 —The apparently well authenticated reports that two Federal inspectors have been here for several weeks checking up on the po litical activities of Postmaster Carl L. Williamson and Herbert Gulley, connected with the prohibition en forcement service, formerly attached to the secretarial staff of Senator Josiah W. Bailey, and regarded as one (Continued On Page Four.) Notorious Prison Escapes Pardoned By Gov. Talmadge Atlanta) Ga., April 20.— (AP3— Governor Talmadge today pardon ed Iceland Harvey and Aubrey Smith, two of Georgia’s most no torious prison escapes. Harvey at the time had 110 years to serve and Smith 145 years. Both had participated in a series of robberies and Smith hadoften boasted that he will “never be captured alive”, but was returned to prison each time he got away without any serious trouble. Governor Talmadge, in announcing the pardon, said that since his visit to the prison farm at Milledgeville a year ago when he commuted Harvey's sentence to ten years, he had serious ly considered a pardon for both men. General MacArthur Urges 48,000 More Men In Army Chief of Staff Approves Bill of Texan at House Hear ing: Would Lift America in Army From Danger Line, Where It Now Stands; Greater Strength Needed Washington, April 20—(AP)—Giv ing his "unqualified approval” to a bill to add 48,000 men to the army, General Douglas MacArthur, chief of the army staff, told a ouse Military Affairs sub-committee today that the measure seeks to remedy one of the most glaring critical defects of our military establishment.” The bill, introduced by Representa tive Thompson, Democrat, Texas, would direct an increase in army en listed men from 118,750 to 165,000, and the officer personnel from 12,000 to 14,063. ONLY DAILY L THE E i^fIp R ,^ SERVICB OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN THIS SECTION OF NORTH CAROLINA AND VIrSnIA. HENDERSON, N. C. FRIDAY AFTERNOON, APRIL 20, 1934 Out of the Dark ,vvc»'.. : X‘ dm Bh;: Gertrude Musier Blind since she was stricken with infantile paralysis 15 years ago, Gertrude Musier, of Flushing, L. 1., is shown in her home after she sud denly discovered her sight was re turning. Physicians had pronounced her case hopeless, but Gertrude’s vision is coming back now. f Central Press) No Charges of Violations Brought Against Large Manufacturers Will Stand Up GEN. JOHNSON TALKS TO EDITORS’ GROUPS Tells Them If They Will Help, the Objectives of NR A Will Be More Quick ly Achieved, but If Not It Will Take Longer, Admin istrator Says Washington, April 20. —(AP) —Hugh iS. ohnson told newspaper editors to day that no charges of NRA code vio lation brought against large manu facturers had developed a case that would stand up in the courts. Addressing the convention of tht» American Society of Newspaper Edi tors, he said their help would speed accomplishment of NRA objectives. Johnson said frequen reports in the “opposition” press asked why somt, drastic action was not taken against some conspicuous firm alleged to o© violating an NRA code. • “On reference to the Federal Trade Commission, or to our legal depart (Continued on Page Two.) School Boy, 14, Is Shot In Battle of Police and Gangs Lincoln, Neb., April 20—) AP)— A gun battle on Lincoln’s princi pal thoroughfare, O Street, be tween two gunmen in an automo bile and police in a speeding cru iser, today resulted in the wound ing of a 14-year-old schoolboy by a stray bullet before the officers finally arrested gunman. Luceen Marshall, son of Walter A, Marshall, was shot in the sto mach seriously as the two cars flashed past the 24th street cross ing. A few minutes later the po lice captured the two gunmen about ten miles nortseast of here. “Enactment ofthis bill would en hance the security of the United States,” MacArthur asserted. “It would lift the American army above the danger line. Give us an opportun ity to rehabilitate thousands of young men whe are now suffering the results of the economic depres sion.” He recalled that although authori zation now existed for 286,000 enlisted men and 18,000 officers, in the last 12 years • reduced appropriations had fcirought “a continuous shrinkage of these numbers to the dangerously inr adequate figure we now have reached.’ SHOWDOWN IS DUE AT GENEVA MAY 23 ON DISARMAMENT Conference of. Nations To Reconvene ■ There At That Time of Vast Consequence FRANCE MAY MAKE EXACTING DEMANDS —l —; May Request Inquiry of Ger. man Armaments; New Japanese Statement on Far East Set-Up May Likewise Tend To Complicate World Situation (Copyrighted by The Associated Press) Geneva, April 20— (AP)— League of Nation circles forecast today a dra matic shown on disarmament on May 23rd. That is the date when represen la lives of the nations in the world dis armament conference will return to Geneva in full session to attemept it catch and pull together the flying strings of the many-sided problem ot arms control. There are even unconfirmed rumors that France may insist upon an inves tigation of German armaments before consenting to negotiate any sort of a disarmament treaty. But the differences of France, Ger many and Great Britain form but one section of the problem as a whoie. Today a tendency was seen in Gen eva to link what one official called the “ditsurbed” disarmament situa tion with developments in the Far East, growing out of the newly-stated Japanese policy that western powers must keep hands off China. Somep rogress was seen by well informed sources here in the British “white paper” revelation at London Thursday that Germany had express ed a willingness to postpone reduc tions of armaments ifcy other powers for five years. This stand; takeaina previously un revealed note to Great Britain, it was stated here, may reduce the apprehen sions of France regarding- Germany’s arms—apprehensions which led her to state flatly that there could be no further hope of bi-lateral agreements with the Reich operating under a budget granting increases for mili tary purposes. Municipal Group Ask State Road Aid For Streets Raleigh, April 20 (AP)—A de mand that the State dsitribute ten percent of its gross highway reve nue to towns and cities to be used in maintenance of strets in towns with a populaion of more than 2,- s>4hj|iersons was vo | d today bby the North Carolina Municipal Lea gue. The league, nearing the end of its annual convention,, also de manded that the State maintain all streets in towns of less than 2,500 population. The demand was embodied in a proposed bill to be given to the 9135 legislature. It contemplates the allotment of about $2,500,000 to the municipalities. The basis of distribution would be $3 per cap ita in towns of over 2,500 popula tion. # Schools To Have Safer Bus Service $500,000 U. S. Grant Will Make Possible One of Best Systems In Nation Dally Dispatch Bureau In the Sir Walter Hotel. BY J. V BASKERVILL. Raleigh, April 20.—North Carolina will now be able to have one of the most up-to-date and one of the safest school transportation systems in the entire United States as a result of the grant of $500,000 made to the State to help pay the salaries of school teachers for this current school year. (Continued On Page Four.) WEATHER FOR NORTH CAROLINA. Fair and cooler tonight; Satur day fair; warmer in west and cen tral portions, probably lights rost in extreme west portion tonight. Revised Bill For Control Os Stock Market Reported Favorably Into The Senate TROTSKY ORDER SEEKS SUPPORT While the leader of the party, Leon Trotsky, inset, exiled Rus sian Communist, is casting about , for a place to live in safety. Arne Swabeck, organizer for Trotsky’s Fourth Internationale, is pictured following his arrival in New York City to carry on organization work in the United States. Or dered to leave France after he World Dazed By Latest Pronouncement Os Japan Tokyo Officialdom Likewise Bewildered by Hostile Re ception of Japanese Claim to Domination Over China; Most Startling Since 21 Demands (Copyrighted by The Associated Press) Tokyo, April 20.—(AP—The world as represented by foreign diplomats m Tokyo seemed dazed today by Japan a “re-statement of policy” toward China, and what the diplomats regarded as her avdacity in issuing it. The representatives of other powers, still wondering at the exact meaning of the declaration, labelled it vari ously a “white hands off China” state ment, and an “Asiatic oMnroe Doc trine.” foKS 75 Others Arrested And Tried for Drunken Driv ing In March Daily Dispatch Rnrrna, In the Sir Walter Hotel. BY J C. BASKERVILL. Raleigh, April 29.—Hiighty-two driv ers were arrested and tried during March for reckless driving arrested land tried for driving while drunk, according to figures obtained today from Captain Charles D. Farmer, commander of the State highway pa trol. The total number of arrest for all violations in March amounted to 699 With only 56 patrolmen in the State .highway patrol and with more than 6,000 miles of highways to police, it is impossible for the patrolmen to get anything like as many violators of the highway laws as actually vio late them, Captain Farmer pointed out. However, despite the small num ber of patrolmen as compared with more than 350,000 automobile drivers registered in the State, the patrolmen are arresting more and morer eckless, careless and drunken drivers eaen month. Captain Farmer said. Ht is (Continued on Page Two.) PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON EXCEPT SUNDAY. was discovered living secretly near Paris and plotting new “world revolutions”, Trotsky is reported to have telegraphed the Turkish government, asking per mission to return to Turkey. The Trotsky group differs from the Communist party chiefly in its policy of international rather than national socialism. Japanese officialdom appeared be wildered by the world’s hostile recep tion of Tokyo’s declaration which, in part holds apan is solely responsible for maintaining the peace of East Asia. There is almost unanimous concur rence among thed iplomats on two points: 1. —That Tokyo’s statement consti tutes the most startling and most am bitious declaration of policy of tne (Continued on Page Two.) March Activity Greater Than In February or March Last Year Washington. April 20. —(AP) —The cotton spinning industry was reported today by the Census Bureau to have operated during March at 102.9 per cent of capacity, in a single shift .basis, compared with 101.5 per cent in February and 93.9 per cent in March last year. Active spindle hours for March to* tailed 7,720,212,745 or 249 hours per spindle in place, compared with 6, 92,* 120,318, or 216 in February this year, and 7,048,197,106 or 227 for March last year. North Carolina reported 1,629,789,- 866 active spindle hours and an av erage of 265 hours per spindle in place. ROCKY MOUNT HEARS EHRINGHAUS SPEAK Raleigh, April 20 (AP)—Governor Ehringhaus will go to Rocky Mount thi safternoon to address a joint meeting of the civic clubs there to night. . _Li u< __ i .Jttlll 8 PAGES TODAY five cents copy PLENTY OF TEH AT FI PRACTICES Intended To Prevent Repeti. tion of Dealings Uncov. ered in Long Senate Inquiries COMMITTEE’S VOTE EXTREMELY CLOSE 11 to 8 Ballot In Line With Sharply Divided Sentiment in Committee; Roosevelt Backing Measure and Early Consideration Now Look ed For Washington, April 20.—(AP) —The revised stock market control bill was approved by the Senate Banking Com mittee today, 11 to 8, culminating a two-year investigation of Wall Street practices and weeks of conflict over provisions of the measure. The bill was reported to the Senate in a form which Ferdinand Pecora, committee counsel, said had “plenty of teeth” to prevent repetition Off practices he and his predecessors had uncovered during the long inquiry in to market operations. The closev ote by which the bill was finally approved was in line with the sharply divided committee sentiment, which has resulted in half a dozen rel visions. With President Roosevelt’s support, early consideration of the bill in the Senate was assured. Night Watchman Fatally Shot In Resisting Police Experiment, Ga., April 20. —(AP) — W. M. Ward,, a mill night watchman was fatally wounded today by ma chine gun fire by Atlanta officers who were called here after the watchman had killed a ten-year-old boy and then defied police who tried to arrest him. Ward was shot down by the Atlanta officers after they had routed him from the house with tear gas, where he had defied local police for several hours, holding them at bay witn pistols, a shotgun and a rifle. A detachment of Atlanta police, armed with machine guns and gas, responded to the call for help. COL. FRED OLDS IN REX HOSPITAL ILL Raleigh, April 20 ((AP) —Col- onel Fred A. Olds, known to thou sands of Tar Heel school child ren, who was in Rex hospital here today. The “colonel,” who has guided school children through the Capi tal, State departmental buildings, the executive mansion, and his own special creation the State Hall of History, entered the hospital yesterday on account of infirmi ties due to advanced age. Bids Low On Offers For Flying Mail Some Companies Only 19 Cents Per Airplane Mile For The Contracts Washington, April 20. —(AP)—Spec- tators whistled in surprise when Post master General Farley ripped only the envelopes and read the bids to day for carrying the air mail on the 21 .routes the government intends to place in private hands for at least the next three months. Some of the companies bid as low as 19 cents an airplane mile in offei ing to fly the mails. The maximum range stipulated in the specifications was from 41 to 45 cents per airplane mile. The small room where the bids were opened was jammed with Post Office and ustice Department officials ana aviation men. _ .