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Bl 0 '■fl® 0 *fe T V J 3 MARKET BASKET By The Bureau of Horae Economics, U. M Department of Agriculture, ami the Woman’s Division of the Divnident'p Emergency Committee for Employment HOW TO SAVE FOOD VALUES IN COOKING AND CANNING Some of the same questions that arise in cooking of fresh vegetables and fruits come up also in canning— j so there are two reasons for discuss ing them just now. Some ways of | cooking save food values, and others waste the minerals and vitamins, of , which most vegetables and fruits are , a very important source. The same thing is true of different ways of can ning. You los emineral values when you cook vegetables in too much mater and drain of the liquid after cook- I ing. Calcium, which is one of the bone-making minerals, and iron, which is a blood builder, are dissolved in this way and a considerable percentage is lost. ‘ So with other mineral salts i found in ffresh vegetables. To avoid this.loss as far as possible, cook your . vegetables in very little Water and serve the liquid with them in the form of a sauce or gravy. In canning, hot-pack your vegetab les and most of your fruits, and fill up the cans with the liquid in which you | pre-cooked them. And when you serve the canned food, serve juice and all. When it comes to saving vitamins, the cooking problem is a different one and so is the canning problem. In fact, it is different for different vita mins. We look to vegetables and fruits for a good part of our supply of vitamins. Vitamin A, as it happens, is not much affected by the cooking process. But both vitamin B. and vitamin C, are are affected by heat, and by oxida tion. Destruction of vitamin B takes place more rapidly where there is a both heat and water, ,as in cooking. To save this vitamin, short, quick cooking, at the boiling point or just below, is best. , Vitamin C, however, is more troub lesome. It is very easily destroyed by heat and exidation. That is why nutri tionists tell us to make sure of this vitamin by eating some vegetables raw. But for the time of year when fresh fruits and vegetables are out of BKosCd GRANDMOTHER’S nf£j| RAISIN BREAD . 16-oz. LOAF 8c | QUAKER MAID Apple Sauce 3 -=«■" 25- Jewel SHORTEWII6 8»»*- 65c Er.core SPAGHETTI 2 -15 c j CHEESE ft*»w lb. 19c RAJAH SALAD DRESSING , y 2 - m 10 C' 15 Q —Quart 25c LUX TOILET SOAP 3 Cakes 19c WITH MOVIE STAR PORTRAIT NECTAR TEA ,3L «- 15c . POST BRUM FLAKES eke. 9c POST TOASTIES l*. 15c ] Calumet Baking Powder- 25c TOILET TIC Cl IC' scon 2 MLLS 15c J. ™ WALDORF 4 ROLLS 17c I Bananas, golden ripe, 4 lbs. 23c Lettuce, hard head, 2 heads 15c Cantaloupes, large size 5c season, we must use canned ones, and ! it is important 'to know how to con serve the vitamins in canning. Right there we get a lucky “break,” so to speak, because tomatoes, the 'best of all vegetables for vitamin C, will pro ' vide it whether raw or cooked or can ned. Tomatoes, unlike the non-acid I vegetables, do not lose much of their vitamin C when cooked or canned. Their acidity protects the vitamin C. content. But again there is a "how” to it— with tomatoes as well as everything else. To save vitamin C as well as ; vitamin B, cook as short a time as possible, at the boiling point or just below. As to canning, here are two points that are emphasized by the Bu reau of Home Economics: First. Cam fruits and vegetables as I soon as possible after you bring them , from your garden. If you let them stand aiound even in a refrigerator, they los esome of their vitamin value. Second. Use the hot-pack method, and work fast. The short pre-cook j before you put the food in the cans I drives the air out of the tissues. This helps have food values because air has a had effect on vitamins. Also, the hot-pack makes it possible to shorten the time the food has to stay in Ithe water bath or the steam pressure canner for processing. Fruis and tomatoes are the foods easier to can at home, and they are also better sources of vitamin C than the non-acid vegetables. They are easy to can because they may be safely processed (i. e., heated in the cans to kill the bacteria that cause spoilage) either in a boiling water bath, or in the oven. The non-acid veg etables, such as corn, peas, beans, anjd in fact all the others except tomatoes, should—to be safe they must—be pro cessed in a steam pressure cooker, ac cruing to the bureau of home econo mics, because for non-acid foods there is no other way you can be sure of temperatures high enough to kill the bacteria. Exonerates Lawyers In Parole Job j (Continued from Page One.) covered circumstances which may or ' may not disclose unethical conduct on the part of attorneys-at-law. Some of these payments appear to be per- I fectly reasonable and proper. I am satisfied that in many instances the attorneys presented the case of the prisoner fully and fairly to the clem ency officer and in every way acted in a most ethical and commendable manner.” Commissioner Gill pointed out that his investigation was necessarily limit- HENDERSON, (N. C.) DAILY DISPATCH, FRIDAY, JULY 20, 1934 FOOD & MARKET PAGE ed to those cases in which there was a record of payment to lawyers of funds belongng to prisoners and tnar since Warden H. H. Honeycutt had been warden of the State Prison, a» Kks kept a record of all such transactions. In checking all these records, Com missioner Gill arrived at the follow ing facts: That a total of $1,801.85 had been paid out from prisoners funds in connection with parole efforts since August, 1930, and that these payments were made at the request of 21 pri soners from funds held for them by the warden. The largest fee paid in any one case to a lawyer by any of these prisoners was $245. That 14 lawyers received this money. The largest number of these cases handled by any one attorney was six, receiving a total fee of $635. The six payments were made between April and November, 1931. Very few of the prisoners who paid this money to these attorneys had j been defended by them in court and very few had been convicted in the | counties in which these attorneys re sided. ' On payment, in the sum of SIOO, was I the subject of an investigation made i by the commissioner of paroles sev ! eral months ago, and was the SIOO in volved in the case of Bennie Boswell and which figured in a court trial hgre several weeks ago. Eight of the 21 prisoners who made these payments to attorneys received clemency of some kind. Five of the prisoners were World made from compensation funds re- War veterans and the payments were ceived from the government. Os the total of $1,801.83 paid out by these 21 prisoners, SSO was paid out during 1930; SBSO during 1931; $532.50 during 1932; $289 during 1933-- and $80.34 during 1934. Commissioner Gill pointed cut that the records in the warden’s office throw no light upon the amount ol money that may have been spent in connection with parole matters by friends or relatives of prisoners, or money spent by prisoners not directly on deposit with the warden, adding that there was no way for him to get any data on such payments. Mr. Gill also stated that he had sent a me morandum to Warden Honeycutt, with the request tha it bo j osted in the prison ai.d in all prkpn. camps, call ing the attention of the prisoners to tne fact that it is unnecessary for them to employ counsel in order to make application for parole*. The me Drink Brookside It’s high quality and cleanliness makes it the choice of all who want the very best milk it is possible to obtain. Our process of handling milk eliminates all chance of delivering unclean milk to our customers. If it comes from BROOKSIDE —You know ft is pure and clean. Brookside Dairy Phone 430-J. ~ “M” SYSTEM STORE Free Delivery Service Phone No. 1/7-J Obelisk and Dorothy Perkins Flours guaranteed to satisfy any demand. Lettuce __ -• • Celery . _ ... - . -. . 10c Tomatoes, per lb. Sc Grapes, per lb. 12 l-2c Cocoa, 2 pound package 23c Vanilla Extract, 8 ounce jar 15c Creamery butter, per lb. 30c Steak, boneless sirloin, per lb. 20c Super Suds, 2 pkgs. for 17c Octagon soap, and powder, 6 for 14c Octagon cleanser, 2 for 9c Sterling Health soap, 4 for 19c JANE GOODE (Q SANDWICH SPREAD quart 97/* p . int 17r size fcifCsize **v --- —-- —-J SALAD DRESSING JaniW<& quart 94/> nt \A C (•) size 4r*Csize .* o i MnJwicn ~ vr,, f SO ®§BHSBS§S^ KEPSni Gem-Nut • J2c Mglllt# l V| Oleomargarine... A “ v> \^'- ss == su ARrJumir. x Favorites Where Good Foods Are Served morandum says in part: “It is perfectly proper for a petition to be presented by a relative, a friend of the prisoner or by the prisoner himself, with the permission of the prison authorities. In such cases the commissioner of paroles, in so far as the facilities of his office will permit, will conduct an independent investi gation and pass upon the merits of the petition.” Commissioner Gill, in order to cor rect conditions that have been prevail ing and in order that the commis missioner of paroles the governo may have a record of all payments by prisoners to lawyers or others for as sisting them to get paroles, made the following recommendations: 1. —That when the warden of the State Prison pays ac.y sum of money to any attorney or other person in connection with any parole applica tion, that a notice of such payment be sent to the commissioner of paroles. 2. —That a book of registration be established at the State Prison, in which every attorney or other person be required to register whenever he interviews a prisoner with regard to parole matters. “If these two recommendations are carried out, the full light of publicity will be turned upon any one who might atempt to extort money from prison ers,’’ Commissioner Gill said. “I have included in my report much information to show the efforts made by this office both now and in the past to prevent the shyster and the “fixer” from plying his trade in North Carolina,” Gill continued. “In all that I have done I have: had the close co operation of all the prison authorities. Paroles cannot be justly granted with out a fair and just system of grading prisoners I cannot commend too high ly the work done by Deputy Warden L. G. Whitiey who has been working diligently to improve at every point the system of grading.” Commissioner Gill pointed out that his office was greatly hampered by not having an adequate appropriation with which to make thorough investi gations of all applications for paroles and for setting up the proper kind of follow-up work after paroles are granted, but that he was doing the best he could with the limited fa;H* ties available. He emphatically brand ed as a slander any statement thgt “political influence or corrupt influ- or corrupt 1 expenditure of money” is necessry to secure clemency for prisoners and maintained that clemency is dispensed in North Caro lina with a minimum of red tape. M E5w Various Units Located Here Will Be at Camp Jack son Two Weeks The various units located here in the 105th Medical Regiment will leave by special train tomorrow afternoon for Camp Jackson, near Columbia, S. C., for the annual two weeks’ military encampment of the regiment. A de tachment of the organization left by motor truck Thursday for Camp Jack son to make preliminary arrangements for the arrival of the remainder of the soldiers. The service company, the band the regimental headquarters, all located here, will go into camp tomorrow night on arrival at Jackson, v Colonel Hodge *. Newell, of Hender son, is in command of trie entire regi ment, and his staff are mostly Hen derson men. Captain James N. O'Neil is in charge of the service company and the band is in command of Lieut enant Ben Urquhart. After being in the camp for two weeks, the soldiers are due back here on Sunday, August 6. Two Drunk Cases Before the Mayor In Police Session Two cases involving violation of the prohibition laws were tried ny Mayor Irvine B. Watkins in police court to day. Both defendants were white men. Ira Woodiief was sent to the roads for 30 days for possessing liquor. Brooks Beckham was charged with driving an automobile while under the influence of liquor. He was given 30 days on the roads and deprived of driving privileges for six months. Notice of an appeal was filed, and bond was fixed at $l5O. Dr. Ernest C. Moore, head of the University of California at Los Ange les, born at Youngstown, Ohio, 63 years ago. / If Only They Could Tell Their Story They were enemies, butjfirst of all they were human beings. They just didn't understand. And it has required two decades for us to be able to understand. Governments have opened their archives, and. statesmen and generals have opened their hearts. Now we know why 65,000,000 men be came involved in the greatest warpn history. The facts provide the most interesting story ever presented in a newspaper feature. The World War 20 Years Ago Today In Pictures! With Today Is The 1 Day We suggest that you guard against missing a single instalment, if you are not a regular reader of The Hendersofi Daily Dispatch, by telephoning the circulation department, 610, or sending *is a postcard. m ■FT If* nLX?w& jSMjiu ::; * IB” I • lUPw Itml gHlg HEI QUALITY MEATS From one of the cleanest, most modern and best equip ped meat markets you ever saw. Turner's Market Phones 304-305. fresh mayonnaise in 90 seconds! HjjHHj Quick mayonnaise maker l~"~r || and can of Wesson Oil 1 JHHj -85 cv “ u,, s49c|^o E. G„ Davis & Sons Co. For Saturday A Full Assortment of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Watermelons, Cantaloupes, Peaches and Frying Size Chickens. M. G. EVANS Phones 162-163.