HENDERSON DAILY DISPATCH
Established August 12, 1914.
Published Every Afternoon Except
HENDERSON DISPATCH CO., INC.
ut 109 Young Street
wiiTNR.v A. DENNIS. Pica, and Editor.
M. u FINCH, See-Treaa aud Bus Algr.
Tho Henderson Daily Dispatch ia »
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Southern Newspaper Publishers Asso
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THE GREATEST VICTORY: He
that is slow to anger is better than
the mighty; and he that ruletb his
own spirit than he he that taketh a
TOI»A V*S AN NIV E USA KIES
1620 —Peregrine White, born on the
Mayflower while in the harbor of
Cape Cod. the first child born in New
England of English parentage, lived
a long, uneventful life, and died at
S 3, in Farshfield. Mass.. July 22. 1704.
1733—Philip Schuyler, patriot, ma
jor-general in the Army of the Revo
lution. one of New York's first Sena
tors. born at Albany, N Y. Died
there. Nov. 18. 1804.
1752 —Thomas Chatterton. English
poet-prodigy, remembered for his lit
erary forgeries, born. Poisoned him
self at 18. Aug. 25. 1770.
1829 Charles Graham Hal pine
< Miles O'Reilly" Civil War journalist
and soldier, horn in Ireland. Pied in
New York. Aug. 3, 1868.
1841 Wilfrid f.anrier, Canadian
statesman and premier, horn. Died
Feb. 17. 1919. I
1855 Josiah Royer, fam*»d Amen- j
ean philosopher and educator, born in |
Nevada Co., Cal. Died at Cambridge. I
Mass. Sept. 14. 3916.
1889 Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne.
Irish novelist and writer, born in New
York City. Died in Ireland. June 18,
TODAY IN HISTORY
1780 Battle of Blackstocks Hill. S.
1851 —False alarm of fire in a New
York school caused panic--50 children
1866 —First national encampment of
the G. A. R. at Indianapolis.
1918—'American troops cross Ger- |
man frontier of Lorraine.
1933.—A1l of Prof. Einstein’s pro- I
perty confiscated by Government, in
Rt. Rev. Peter T. Rowe, first P. E.
missionary bishop of Alaska, born in
Canada. 78 years ago.
Claude G. Bowers, writer, Ambassa
dor to Spain, born in Hamilton Co.,
Ind„ 56 years ago.
Arthur Guiterman of New York,
yoet. born in Vienna <of American
parentage). 63 years ago.
Judge Kenesaw M. Landis, czar of
the baseball world born at Millville
Ohio, 68 years ago.
Rear Admiral Joseph M. Reeves, U.
S. N., born in Illinois, 62 years ago.
Selma Lagerlof, famous Swedish au
thor, born 76 years ago.
The superior facilities still prevail
and the mind is free and dependable.
The intellect is rather subtle in qual
ity and perhaps inclined to be ascetic.
The whole spirit is luminous, faithful
and strong, possibly turning toward
the study of philosophy, religion, or
kiiedrcd subjects, and probably writ
ing and teaching them.
See Hack Page
1. Re, or Ra.
3. John Smith, to the colonists at
Jamestown, Va., in 1627.
4. They are hybirds between the
horse and the ass family.
5. It is the poetical name for Ara
6. Highest, Mt. Whitney; lowest,
Death Valley—(both in California.
7. William Harvey.
8. Africa and Asia.
9. October 31, 1934.
10. Country of the south Slavs.
FOREIGN THREAT TO
COTTON NOT FEARED
Americans Must Look Out
for Themselves At
College Station, Raleigh, Nov. 20.-»
The threat of foreign countries in
creasing their reduction anpd curtail
ing the market for American export
cotton is not as serious as some peo
pie think, says Charles A. Sheffied, of
Sheffield makes this statement in
answer to the argument that adjust
ment of cotton production in this
country may cause America to lose
its export cotton trade.
The need for crop adjustment, he
says, is to keep American growers
from producing more than they can
sell at home and abroad, as was ths*
case before the adjustment program
started. Indications are that the mai
ket for American cotton will increase
in the future, but not enough to ab
sorb all the cotton that America can
Although it is true, he says, that
foreign fcounigtes have slightly in
cieaed their production within the
past year or two, they are still below
their production of a few years back,
and there is little prospect of a se
rious increase in foreign production
in the near future.
India, for example, needs to pro
duce food on much of its land to
support its dense population. Further
more, the yields per acre are low.
and transportation facilities are poor.
Thus, Sheffield says, India is not like
ly to increase its cotton crop much
above the present size.
Value of Hounds Shown In
Capture of Vance Convict
(Continued from Page One.)
camp. He had been in A grade and
was working with the supervisor oa
highway work last Saturday morning
when he uddenly made a break for
the woods and was gone. The super
visor was unarmed and this prisoner
had been assigned to work alone with
him because he was A grade.
The escape was immediately report
ed to Superintendent T. A. Aycock.
of the Warren county camp, who at
once called Superintendent W. R.
Brooks of the Wilson iounty camp,
and asked him to lend him, his blood
hounds. The hounds arrived about
noon, more than an hour after the
pi isoner had escaped. But they pick
ed up the scent at once and started
off through the woods. At one place
they almost lost the scent and were
about to give up when one of the dogs
found it again and they went on.
About 4:30 in the afternoon, after go
ing more than six miles through the
dense woods, they "treed” the escaped
prisoner in his hiding place and the
guards handcuffed him and took him
back to camp.
11 Counties Pay No
Taxes To Sell Beer
(Continued from Page One.)
Alexander, Canuleh, day. Currituck,
Graham, Lincoln, Ramlieij. Derqilji
maiii Wa.rren and Wash*
i 11 g'l on.
'Phis does no! mean that, no Sheer
has been sold in any oi these eoun
| ties, however, revenue department of-
T fiends explain. For under the present
j State beer law, the tax in most cases
j is paid to the State by the wliole
! sale distributors, who in turn collect
the tax from the retailers when they
collect for the cost of the beer— la.
other woids, the State tax is includ
ed in the total amount per case or
barrel which the retailer pays the
wholesaler or distributors in another
county, the tax is credited to the
county in which thed Istrihutor lo
There is a possibility, of course,
that if any beer is being sold in these
counties that it is being purchased
I from beer bootleggers who bring the
j beer in from other states and sell it
j to roadside dealers at cut prices, or
| less the state tax. But very little of
this is now being done, the Depart
ment of Revenue maintains, since the
highway patrol is constantly on the
lookout for tihek loads of beer on
which the tax has not been paid, while
Fedeial officers are on the alert for
any beer of more han 3.2. per cent
Franchise, Sales Taxes Yield
Most To General Fund
(Continued from Page One.)
shows how much of the various types
of revenue has been collected so far
this year in each county, shows that
out of the* net total of 8,732,515 which
has been collected up to November 1.
the franchise tax yielded $5,020,789
and the sales tax $2,245,145.
The yield from other taxes is as
follows: Inheritance tax, $139,517;
privilege tax, $532,259; income tax,
$655,737; beer tax, $139,067.
In the payment of the most fran
chise taxes, the following four coun
New Hanover 470.018
In the payment of the most sales
taxes for the first four months of the
present fiscal year, the following
Wake 8., 191
It is interesting to note however,
that corporations or businesses locat
ed outside the State, but doing busi
ness in North Carolina, paid more in
both franchise and sales taxes than
did any company in the state, or $2.-
139,749 in franchise taxes and $295,-
26!) in sales taxes.
It is also pointed out that those
counties which are complaining be
cause they are paying more in sales
• taxes than the other counties might
HENDERSON, (N. C.j DAILY DISPATCH, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1934
also object to the franchise tax on
the same basis, since most of the
counties that leud in sales tax collec
tions also lead in franchise tax collec
tions. But very little objection is
heard here to the franchise tax. al
though the North Carolina franchise
tax rate is said to be the highest of
any State in the United States The
reason for this condition is generally
regarded as being the fact that the
franchise tax is paid by corporations
and businesses, while the sales tax is
paid by all the people, with the result
that it touches a greater number of
persons. It is also gcnrcally agreed,
however, that the corporations pass
the franchise tax along the public, but
in an invisible and indirect way so
that they are not conscious of it.
The amount of franchise and sales
taxes paid by some of the various
counties during the first four months
of this fiscal year are as follows:
Franchise Tax Sales Tax
Alamance .. ..$ 24.475 $ 37.607
Alleghany . . . . None 1,687
Ashe 49 3,687
Bertie 41 8.372
Buncombe . 20,680 93,032
Burke 3.548 14,899
Cabarrus . . .. 10.450 24,685
Cumberland . . 4,338 27,054
Durham 81,912 60.499
Edgecombe .. 37,135 21,804
Forsyth 270,277 89.222
Gaston . . . . 46,185 36,893
Guilford . . . . 98,035 13,562
Johnston . . . . 666 19.98 C
Lenoir 4,342 40,719
Catawba 13,562 27,285
Mecklenburg .. 1,017,203 220,53 !
New Hanover . 470,018 47.130
Rowan 14;,01S 35,126
Sampson . . . . 326 13.798
Vance 4,780 3€v978
Wake 440.596 86.191
Wayne 3.696 30.899
Wilson 7.467 30,912
Yadkin 116 2.75 S
Foreign 2.139.749 295,269
This analysis shows, according to
ievenue department officials, that
counties that formerly paid very little
t ohelp support the State government
in franchise taxes are now helping
through the sales tax.
Power Experts To Recom
mend Plans To President
(Continued from Page One.)
ported to be thinking along these
1. No more than one holding com
pany should be super-imposed on a
group of operating companies. At pre
sent some holding companies are in
turn helu by other holding companies
The experts believ e this pyramiding
2. The power resources which one
holding company may control should
3. Natural gas and electric com
panies should be divorced. In many
cases holding companes control both
kinds of utilities jointly. This leads,
in the opinion of experts, to reduced
use ’of the 'great natural gas re
Big Future To Bus
iness Is Outlined
(Continued from t-age One.)
tublishmcnt of a $500,000 annual fund
for advertising and promotion of
Southern resources and southern in
The southeastern leaders heard'
Richberg say foundations have been
laid in the past 20 months for a. po
litical economic system in which pn
vate enterprise ean compete for in
dividual profit and at the same time
cooperate to main a proper balance
between the interests of agriculture,
trade, management, labor and con
(Contained trmu Page one.)
trade. Views of economists, business,
labor and farmer summed up by Hut
chins commission. Hearings in many
cities. The public is found ‘profound
ly’ skeptical over policy of restricting
The commission is the “Commission
of Inquiry on National Policy in In
ternational Economic Relations.”
Its head is President Hutchins of
the University of Chicago.
The commission was appointed by
the Social Science Research council
with the approval of President
Roosevelt, but functions as an inde
pendent. non-governmental body.’’
Its expenses, we read, are paid by
the Rockefeller Foundation.
If recovery is based on foreign trade
—and financial New York does be
lieve that —we are making small head
way. Only one reciprocal treaty has
been negotiated— and that is suspect
ed by both sides as an example rath
er of shrewd dealing than cleancut
The chief propaganda in schools is
not from "Reds.” but from utility
companies. They.are subtle and have
highly-paid publicity men.
We read this headline in the New
“Hits propaganda of public utilities.
Federal board declares they use pub
lic funds for self-perpetuation. Cost
is put in millions. Kindergaratens got
Hooks in move to build good will, sen
ate is told.”
Yes, and when the scent grows too
hot. utility companies try to deflect
the chase by rajsing a cry of “red
propaganda” in schools.
Drop small wasps of absorbent
rotton through the branches of th»
Christmas tree for a snowy effect
C °NEW REPUBLICANS
Ran Against The Tide To
Win (If He Did Win) In
By CIIARLKS I’. STEWART
Central Press Staff Writer
Washington, Nov. 20. —If the Unit
ed States, taking the country on an
average, is swinging somewhat to the
left, politico-economicaliy spaeking.
Senator Bronson Cutting of New Mex
ico seems to be as likely a public man
as any to gravitate naturally into the
leadership of a reorganized Repub
Cutting’s re-election to the senate,
from the Sunshine State, was by so
narrow a margin that it' still is dis
puted by his Democratic rival for the
toga. Dennis Chavez, the common
wealth’s representative in the last two
That is to say, his victory by no
means was overwhelming, numerically
However, it was a victory (if it
proves to be one, after a probable con
test) against overwhelming odds. In
the first place. New Mexico normally
tends to be Democratic. The largest
majority it ever gave was scored by
Chavez, as a candidate for its lone
seat in the house of representatives,
in 1932. Cutting might reasonably have
expected the Washington administra
tion’s help in th e recent campaign, for
(notwithstanding his G. O. P. label)
he threw his strength to Franklin D.
Roosevelt two years ago, and since
then, has supported most New Deal
policies. The Democratic organization,
under Postmaster General James A.
Farley’s chairmanship, however, did
its utmost to aid Chevez to defe&t
Cutting. Conservative Republicanism
joined the Democratic machine.' in
That the senator made the showing
he did was a. tremendous personal
* triumph for him.
Assuming that Cutting is seated,
when congress meets in January, he
can fairly claim to have beaten the
administration (an extraordinary pet
formance, considering the proportions
of the Roosevelt sweep Nov. 6) plus
all the votes that conservative Repub
licanism could muster against him.
It was an achievement comparable
to Joseph F. Guffey’s Democratic vic
tory over Senator David A. Reed in
hitherto rock-ribbed Republican Pen
nyslvania. It was a remarkable thing,
indeed, for Pennsylvania to go Demo
cratic, but. at that, the Pennsylvania
movement was in the same direction
as the general landslide. Cutting had
the landslide to counteract, and suc
ceeded in counteracting it—by a little
Even if. on a contest, the senate
seats Chavez, as may happen (it will
He a tremendouslp pro-administration
body, deciding between a “pro” and i
an “anti"), the verdict inevitably will j
be regarded as that of a prejudiced I
Governor Thinks " ' .
(Continued from Page One.)
automobile accidents are in cities that
j CROSS WORD PUZZLE
1 li |3 [s Ti p7 [6 13 |IQ
: Mi 1
ie 17 IS 19
23 24 25 '2G pp
27 28> 29 30 ‘ 31
32 33 YZZ 34 35
_ - ' “" 41 V//, 42
11 11 11 »»
11— Alodial land
13 — A negative particle
14— A letter of the Greek alpha*
15 — Paradise
19 — A week *tav (al*br )
20 — Concise
22—Knight of St. Andrew (abbr)
24 — Marry
25 To steal
27—True mean (abbr )
29 —A Dant u
32—Day (Jewish holiday)
36—01 d division of European
38 — Railroad (abbr.)
39 — Falsehood
40 — Going astray"
42 — A number
43 — Boils
1— To breathe quickly
2 A kind of sailing vcfifce)
| “Lead, Kindly Light!” " |
have their own police forces and
“If the courts in all sections of the
State would tighten up on traffic law
violators in the same manner that
Judge Earl E. Rives, of Greensboro
municipal court, recently has done,
the number of deaths from automo
bile accidents and the number of ac
cidents could be cut in half in 30 days
time,” Captain Farmer said. “But so
far very few of the courts seem to
have become safety conscious and con
tinue to let traffic law violators off
with minimum or suspended sentences
i or with very light fines.
I “Take Greensboro, for instance. Un
| til Judge Rives started to crack down
on motorists with stiff fines and sent
ences. and especially by revoking their
drivers’ permits, there were probably
more accidents in Greensboro and
more reckless driving there than any
other city in the state ,not even ex
cepting Winston-Salem. Judge Rives
started his campaign against reck
' less driving the first week in October
7 A single unit
JO —Grammar strut.tun
14—One who mends
18 — Fear
26—A shower of meteors
30 — To overeat
31— To overtask
41—A.New Engkmtl gfpre (sbm.*
Answer to previous puzzle
5] p~|> |cj~r u r.[els
o E JE. L.
° B I T Aw L.
s 9.9: .9
~r u|dEn!TS e
and in one week suspended the driv
ing permits of 20 drivers. The result
was that during October there was
not a fatal accident in Greensboro and
it is now one of the safest cities in
the State in which to drive a car or
walk across a street. What has been
done there could be done in every oth
er city in the state if the judges and
police forces would merely get down
to business and do it. The patrol
j could also do a great deal more in the
j rural sections if the courts would im
pose heavier sentences.”
“New Dear* De
nounced by Shouse j
. " |
(Continued from Page One.)
tj ~ I
! whelming majorities and very small
- j minorities.
s | “Whether it be in nation. State or
- city,’’ he said in an address prepared
■ for delivery to the Bond club, “the
best government is achieved when tile
balance of power between the two
puflies is as nearly as possible equal.
It is uiulesiraiTile when the pendulum
I ■ ■
should be obtained be
fore investing funds or
taking any important
step in the way of
The judgment of our
bank’s officers and as
sociates is valued by
many persons who have
benefited by it.
We invite you to con
sult with us whenever
we can be of help
First National Bank
swings too far in either direction.”
Although Shouse emphasized he was
giving only his personal opinion, his
address was regarded as highly sig
nificant as pointing the future course
of this organization, formed by such
men as Alfred E. Smith, James W.
Wadsworth, John W. Davis and
Irenee DuPont to assess trends in
government and fight those it brands
All kinds of building.
B. H. Mixon
Contractor and Builder
“Builds Better Buildings”
Office 7 I Residence 470 J
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