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Henderson daily dispatch. (Henderson, N.C.) 1914-1995, December 13, 1935, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91068401/1935-12-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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Japan Maneuvering
For Franco-Italian
Support On Parity
Common Upper Limit of
Naval Tonnage Revised
To Include Those
Two Nations.
French and Italians, Omit
ted from Japanese Propos
als Before, Are Now Ex
pected to Give More De
tailed Views; Arms Parley
adjourns Until Monday.
I.o.litn, Dec. 13 (Al*) —.Japan
«• rant •' 1 fb*vict Russia (lie ritjlit
(il , perl ripial to its own in nrgu-
j (l ,. i,,r tonnage (‘quality for all ua
lj,,iis in loro tin* international nav
§ll i iiiitiTonoo, authoritative quart
ers (Ii■ Hosed today.
I Ins widening of the scopo of
m's position was regarded its
dm hI the most significant deve-
Infiuii ills of (In* five-day old cun
tin* delcgation from Tokyo dc-
M'lopr ! the theory that a single
standard should apply to all na
tions indiscriminately, regardless
ol their defense requirements or
■ iiiniiial commitments, otlii‘r dele
”«finns reported.
London. Doc, 13 (AIM —Japan’s ;
(Irleuat ion to the international naval j
coiifi i cnee maneuvers today to win |
:L,• stippori of France and Italy in j
Asiatic Empire's demand for sea
]i(i\vi r ecmality.
Tile Japanese revised their request ]
for a common upper limit of naval !
• a ire to include the five powers j
t ! ,|inii, the United States, flrcat Bti* !
•,a in, Fiance and Italy instead of
iL, fi: a three only, as previously i
iI. ..... | ,/t
fin Froiieh mid Italians opposed the
.1; pan. ■■ demands yesterday because
'iiev we re not included. However, in- j
fuiinri! ;■oiirecs said they did not con- j
iilcr the new tactics, would prove
nil fill, although they will bring
' French and Italians more into
• general dehatc.
A,, a result, of the new Japanese
the French and Italians are cx
ii to present more detailed view-
Ih i i:. • when the conference is rc
: tiiiii il Monday.
Tie Monday meeting will be for
tie- leads of the delegations only,
Oli nvets saw significance in this
limitation, and said they believed ii
me,nit the delegates would thresh out
Mr Japanese equality demands and
< 1 i -1 11 future possibilities at that.
Morchead Harbor
Improvement Work
I ,et On Contracts
Washington, Dee. 13. (AIM
\iany engineers said today Jl $200,-
I’.HH contract for Morchead City,
\ (~ inlet harbor improvements
had been awarded and work
would he started immediately.
The contract, awarded to the
(•ahagan Construction Company,
brnoklyn. calls for dredging an
■ (•can vessel channel inside the
Mi.rchead City inlet to the ler
iiiina.l now under construction,
and a turning basin at the ter
The project is a part of the sL
lio Public Works Administra
tion project under construction
I here.
■o\ months was the time esti
mated to lie required for com
pleting the procct.
Joins Senate in Special Ses
sion in Request to Gov.
Columbia, S. C., Dec. 13 (AIM By
a vote of 108 to 2, th South Carolina
House of Representatives today align
'd itself with the Senate in request
ing (Jovernor Johnston to withdraw
I I oops from the State Highway De
portment, hut did not suspend legisla
-1 ion pending such action.
i'hr vole was taken after Reprc
' native Neville Bennett, of Marlboro,
nOst it uteri a modified resolution for
om introduced by Representative Ar
(ow.smith, of Williamsburg, and the
'overiior was quoted on the floor as
:ivil| H it "was not objectionable to
'A ivh Hie Senate already on record
the withdrawal of troops holding
"" State Highway Department, the
“ * ou SG of Representatives moved
p \ 'Ii 012 T^iaJ
lintilrrsmt tiatly Sit swatch
1 mm l 'k L ’ , XV IKE SBRVIC B OF
Old Age Pensions
Start in January
Washington, Dec. 13. (AIM
Striving to got tin* non-eontrihu
t«»ry old age pensions system into
effect soon after New Year’s of
ficials disclosed today they have
sent a questionnaire to all states.
it is a final check-up by the so
cial security hoard to determine
which states will participate in the
system at the beginning.
Board officials expect to he
ready to put the plan into opera
tion as soon as Congress provides
the money. They hope it will go a
long way toward helping care Tor
’unemployahles” cut off Federal
relief rolls as of December 1. The
Federal government will grant sls
a month for eaeli needy individual
05 years oil nr over, provided a
similar amount is granted by the
Alabama Senator Chief Re
liance in Senate of Presi
dent Roosevelt.
Plans To Dig Deep Into “Influence”
by Pressing Lobby l’rohc; Hugo
Is Said to Have Plenty
of Ammunition
Washington, Dec. 13. President
Roosevelt inevitably must depend lar
gely upon Senator Hugo L. Black of
Alabama for his defense of the New
Deal against the big business and fi
nancial group which declared war on
his administration at the recent con
vention of tiie National Manufactur
ers’ association and affiliated bodies
in New York.
Black's task, as chairman of the
Senate’s lobby investigating commit
tee, will be to make out so overwhelm
ing a case of the pernicious influence
of business in government as com
pletely to nullify the assaults of busi
ness upon Rooscveltian policies.
The Alabaman made a vigorous
start on this campaign at the last ses
sion of congress, but indications are
that this will be looked hack on as
trifling, in comparison with what is
to come.
The assumption is that the Presi
dent would have preferred to placate
business men with “breathing spell''
(Continued on Paire Two.)
Japanese Troops
Occupy Key Town
In Chaliar Region
Kalgun, Chahar Province, China
(Saturday) Doc. 14. — (AH —A
small detachment of Japanese
f.roons entered Ihis gateway city
of the Chinese northwest today
while the populace and Chinese
so'dirrs gaped in wonderment.
Not a shot was fired and not a
voice was lifted in protest.
It was the first appearance of Jap
anese armed forces here and the “in
vasion” was viewed as a manifesta
tion of the Japanese army’s deter
mination to clench its hold on North. .
China by acquiring military control
of strategic centers
Where the troops came from and
what their immediate purpose might
be was not disclosed, hut the arrival
of 20 Japanese buses from Peiping
was thought possibly to indicate <in
expedition deeper into the interior.
Hostilities between Manchukuo and
Chinese forces in southwestern Cha
har province, meanwhile, lulled.
9" shopping
days until.
Democratic Radical Played
Havoc With State Ma
chine in Blue Grass
McDonald Himself is Not
North Carolinian; Graham
And Hoey Backers Say
Happy” Chandler Would
Not Help McDonald Much
Even if He Came Here.
Hail j- OiM|»jt|(-h llurc.-m
In Tin* Sir Waller llotci
ID J. < . MASKERV 11,1,
Rnleigh, Dec. 13. If Governor
Happy (A. B.> Chandler, of Ken
tucky, the exuberant and youthful
Democratic "radical” who opposed the
sales tax and fought the old line
Demon at ic machine” in Kentucky,
and as a result won the governorship,
comes to North Carolina in January
!o help Dr. Ralph W. McDonald, of
Winston-Salem, his North Carolina
counterpart, open his campaign lor
tuc Democratic nomination for gover
nor, ho. will undoubtedly get a crowd
No one seems to know for sure yet
whether Governor Chandler is actual
ly going to help McDonald in his cam
paign here or not. But some one who
claims he heard it from some one who
says he knows absolutely that it is a
fact, has let it slip out that Governor
“Happy” Chandler will open McDon
ald’s campaign for him here early in
At any rate, even the rumor that
Chandler may come here and help
McDonald is giving the boys on the
other side of the political fence from
McDonald the jitters. They know only
too well what kind of havoc Chandler
played with the Democratic machine
of former Governor Ruby 'Laffoon of
Kentucky, and the bricks he heaved
into it, with the result neither all of
Buffoon's colonels nor all of his ac
mirals could put it back together
again after Chandler got through
humpty-dumptying it. They also know
that McDonald is running on almost
the same platform in North Carolina
that Chandler ran on in Kentucky—
opposition to the three per cent sales
tax and to the present Democratic
administration and so-called “ma
chine.” About the only difference is
that McDonald has trimmed and re
decorated his platform to fit with the
other aspects of the North Carolina
political picture. It is also pointed out
(Continued on Page Six.)
Argentine Price
Boost Puts Wheat
Up Above $1 Here
Chicago, Doc. 13.—(AIM—World
wheat prices shot higher today
following announcement that Ar
gentine had fixed a minimum
price for its grain 20 cents above
the ruling market. Wheat futures
in Chicago jumped the five cents
per bushel limit permitted by
trading rules.
Trading at the opening here
was very excited and both De
cember and May wheat contracts
were lifted above the <lol!.ar-a
hiisliol level for the first time in
recent weeks.
Values in all intornational mar
kets rose swiftly with the opening.
Liverpool reflected the bullish Ar
gentine news by jumping around
five cents. Winnipeg was up the
three cents daily limit allowable.
The Buenos Ayres market scor
ed one of. the sharpest, wheat
price advances on record by open
ing 19 cents a bushel above the
previous close.
Push Your Sales Now
Take Advantage of Best December Business
in Years, Babson Advises
Copyright 1935
Publishers Financial Bureau, Inc.
Babson Park, Mass., Dec 13.—Busi
ness is the best for any December
since 1929! Factories are running
night and day; employment is in
creasing; profits are better and
sales are speeding up. Total busi
ness, as measured by the Babsonchart
although still thirteen percent below
normal, is twenty-five percent above
a year ago and fifty percent above
the depression low.
Building Faces Recovery
Not since the early days of 1929
has there been as much drive behind
a business upswing as there is in
back of this current advance. The
most encouraging angle is the pick
up in building and other heavy goods
industries where unemployment has
teen the most severe. These indus
tries ere shoeing - -a: stent- of u ?lls _
Terrific Blasts of Big Busi
ness Scaring Farmers
And Workers Into
At Least That is What Mid
west Party Chiefs Desire;
Even in Wall Street Is Pro
test Against “Big Business”
Program; Administration
New York, Dec. 13.—Republican
midwest leaders evidently are becom
ing fearful that Eastern leaders and
Wall Street are ruining Republican
chances even before a campaign gees
under way.
The terrific blasts of Big Business
from New York against the New Deal
are scaring farmers and workers
straight to the Rooscveltian folds,
midwest leaders arc said to believe.
It is significant that the Roosevelt
administration has not answered. But
one of its commissions did issue some
figures of high salaries (from SIOO,-
000 on up to $365,000) paid to business
executives who are critics. In many
papers that received a larger play
than did specific criticism of the New
Deal which originated in the Congress
of American Industry in New York.
Furthermore, there now are rumors
in Washington that Senator Hugo
Black’s investigating committee will
be busy through the year. And the
Progressives plan to see that election
campaigns are thoroughly sifted.
Republican leaders, in the interrJr
of the United States say they could
come near winning on a high-cost-of
living campaign, even a high-tax cam
paign. but when the social accom
plishments and socwf'J security aims of
the Roosevelt administration are at
tacked and the inference is left that
they would he revoked should the Re
publicans gain power, the Battle be
comes difficult.
There is a protest even in Wall
Under the heading, “Doth Protest
Too Much,” the Wall Street Journal
remarks, ip part:
“In their eagerness to defeat the
New Deal, a good many business men
appear to be in danger of allowing
their indignation to get the better of
their judgment,..
One reads and hears with it*
creasing regularity charges from in
(Continued on Page Two.)
Government’s New
Postal Structure
Washington, Dec. 13.—(Al*) —
The $8,000,000 post office building
which stands on Pennsylvania
Avenue four blocks from the
White House today was scarred
by an interior fire which blazed
dangerously through early morn
ing hours.
All the capital's fire apparatus
was summoned to battle flames in
the new structure, from which
volumes of smoke billowed.
More than a dozen firemen were
overcome temporarily in their ef
forts to reach the blaze.
When government employees
went to their offices today, the
fire was reported out, although
apparatus still was on hand a
waiting a final cheek of the dam
aged structure.
One semi-official estimate —and
that admittedly rough—put the re
placable damage at “more than
tained revival hut despite the big
gains, operations are still averaging
less than fifty per cent of capacity.
With the tremendous deferred orders
which have piled up since 1929 and
the hugh credit reserves available,
we may be approaching one of the
most active industrial periods in our
The current upswing, unlike some
of the other “boomlets” since 1933,
seems to be a natural pick-up supr
red on by activity in the motor in
dustry, the death of the NRA, and
the realease of orders which could no
longer be postponed. With advancing
security and commodity prices, there
has qome a very healthy change in
public morale. As 1 make my rounds
among merchants, bankers, manufac
turers, and salesmen, I find a won
derful improvement in sentiment. In
'Centime* cn *t>~. >
British Parliament Bitter
Toward African Peace Plan;
Ethiopia Calls On Geneva
Anglo-French Proposal
Would Give Italy Near
Two-Thirds Os Ethiopia
Plan Being Examined With
Care by Mussolini, Ital
ian Government Chief
But no Member Would Be
Citizen of Interested Pow
er; Various Frontiers
Would be ‘Recitified’ Und
er Plan, Published in Rome
For First Time.
Rome, Dec. 13 (AP) The Franco-
British plan for peace between Italy*
and Ethiopia, made public today,
would giye Italy sovereignty or con
trol over approximately two-thirds of
I Ethiopia.
An Italian government spokesman
said his government could make no
comment on the proposals at pre
sent, but that “they are being exam
ined with care.”
Tbtere arc five points to the plan,
as follows:
1. Italy would get sovereignty over
Tigre province, already conquered by
her military forces, except for the
sacred city of Aksum and a corridor
connecting that city with Ethiopia.
2. The Banakil frontier would be
“rectified” so as to give the Assua re
gion to Ethiopia in full sovereignty.
3. The Somaliland frontier would be
I “rectified,” running from the Kenya-
Somaliland boundary intersectional
to Gorahei.
4. Ethiopia would get a free port on
the sea, preferably Assab, and a cor
ridor leading to it; France and Great
Britain would undertake to get from
Ethiopia guarantees against the im
portation of arms and munitions.
* 5. France and Great Britain would
agree at Geneva to urge Emperor
Haile Selassie to grant Italy a zone
of influence running from the new
Somaliland frontier established un
der point three and extending all
across Ethiopia from the 35th to the
15th longitude and northward to the
eighth parallel.
Emperor Haile Selassie would have
sovereignty pver this zone of Italian
influence, but would have an advis
or who might or might not be an
There would be a League of Na
tions Commission to advise the mon
arch on internal affairs, but no mem
ber of this cpmmission could be a cit
izen of any other interested power.
Columbia University Picks
Ellerbe as Outstanding
In United States
Dully lli.s|iiili-li Ilnri'dO,
In The Sir Waller Hotel,
My .1. C. HAS KBit VIM,
Raleigh, Dec. 13. —Selection of the
Ellerbe school in Richmond county
by Teachers College of Columbia Uni
versity as one of the outstanding
rural schools in the United States and
as a laboratory for the study of rural
education, was warmly commended {
here today by Llyod E. Griffin, exe
cutive secretary of the State School
Commission, also by Claude F. Gaddy,
assistant secretary. That this school
was selected by Columbia University
from among all of the rural schools
in the State is regarded as a distinct
tribute to County Superintendent of
Schools L. J. Bell, who has been su
perintendent of the Richmond county
schools for 36 years, both Griffin and
Gaddy pointed out.
“We have long regarded Superin
tendent Bell as one of our ablest and
most far-seeing county superinten
dents —and apparently Teachers Col
lege of Columbia University agrees
with us,” Griffin said. “I am confi
(Continued on Page Six.)
Cloudy, preceded by light rains
in north and west portions; cold
er in east and central portions to
night; Saturday partly cloudy,
siierbtly warmer in west portion
FDR Is Trying To
Extend Neutrality
Washington, Dec. 13.—(AP) —
Continuation in some form or
other of the temporary neutrality
law will lie proposed to the next
Congress by President Rooscvct.
He told his regular press confer
ence today that the present neu
trality Jaw enacted last August, ex
pires next February. Obviously he
is trying to get something to take
its place. *
Mr. Roosevelt said it would be a
couple of weeks before his pro.
fiosal on neutrality is put into final
AAA Seeks
Farm Views
On Contract
Attitude of Growers
on New Agreement
And Court T e s t
Asked F irsthand.
Washington, Dec. 13 (AP)—Several
ranking officials of the AAA cotton
section traveled into the South today
seeking reaction of farmers to the
new cotton control contracts and to
litigation before the Supreme Court
involving the Farm Administration.
The officials were said to he con
cerned chiefly about, the attitude of
the farmers toward the Bankhead law
and the operation of the cotton pro
gram without this enforcing act.
The AAA officials privately ex
pressed th opinion the Bankhead law
would be invalidated eventually and
the cotton program would depend on
voluntary adjustment contracts. The
Bankhead act provides a penalty for
farmers ginning cotton in excess of
Because of this possibility and pend
ing Supreme Court action on the
case, more importance was attached
in some quarters to this southern trip
to the AAA executives.
Approximately 90 per cent of the
South’s cotton acreage has been cov
ered by adjustment contracts. Secre
tary Wallace said he believed this
percentage would not fall below 80,
even if the Bankhead act were declar
ed unconstitutional.
Securities Held in Sinking
Fund for Years Sold to
Chicago Bank
Daily Di.«*|isil<‘h llumiti,
In The Sir Walter Hotel,
Raleigh, Dec. 13. —The State of
North Carolina made a profit of $54,-
527.75 when the State Sinking Fund
Commission sold $528,000 worth or
North Carolina bonds which have
been held in the sinking fund for
some years, and which will mature in
1944, 1945, 1946 and 1947, State Treas
urer Charles M. Johnson announced
today. The sale was made yesterday,
the State receiving $582,527,73, which
was $54,527.73 above par—hence the
profit. They were sold to the North
ern Trust Company of Chicago. This
was the first time a middle-western
bank or trust company has ever bid
on North Carolina bonds.
The $582,527.73 received for these
bonds will be re-invested in other
North Carolina bonds which will give
a better yield to the sinking fund and
hence be a more desirable investment
from the standpoint of the sinking
fund, State Treasurer Johnson said,
“The sale of these bonds shows the
North Carolina bonds are more de
sirable than ever bfeore from an in-
rvn P?Six,)
British Constituents Protest
To Commons Against
Concessions to
Meanwhile, Ethiopia R e*
ports Rout of Italians Near
Makale; Many Smaller Na*
tions in League Opposed to
Anglo-French Offer Tq
Slice Ethiopia.
(By The Associated Press)
Emperor Haile Selassie asked the
League of Nations to call a special
meeting of the League Assembly on
the grounds that the Franco-British
peace plans violated the spirit of the
League covenant.
The plan, which it is understood of
fers about half of Ethiopia to Italy in
exchange for peace, already has re
sulted in a call for a session of the
Council for next Wednesday.
Many of the smaller nations in the
League were represented as opposed
to • ihc plan on the ground that it
would give Premier Mussolini his ob
jective in East Africa.
Rebellion against the Franco-Brit
ish proposals for peace threatened
in the House of Commons today as
the impression grew in Geneva the
plan would be turned down.
By letter and telegram British con
stituents protested to their repre
sentatives in Parliament, against the
war settlement suggestions which
would give laly part of Ethiopia.
An official communique from Addis
Ababa reported the defeat of an Ital
ian post north of Makale by a strong
Ethiopian patrol.
The Italians fled, burning villages
behind them, the communique said.
The opposition from the British
countryside led to comment in Parlia
jmentary '{mils threatening to oust
Forcign_j>ccretary Sir Samuel Iloare
unless the League of Nations vetoes
the peace offer formulated by him
and Premier Pierre Laval of France.
A mutiny in the British cabinet
was brewing, informed sources said,
under the leadership of Neville
Chamberlain, chancellor of the ex
Unofficial advices from Geneva pre
dicted the failure of the proposal be
fore the League Council next Wed
nesday, when that body begins its
Authoritative sources at Rome said
Pope Pius, through the church’s wide
diplomatic channels, was influencing
the attempts for peace. Three papal
nuncios in France, Poland and Aus
tria —were named as having played
important parts in the movements to
brjng the war tp an amicable end.
Refuse to Allow Gov. Hoff
man to Call Session To
Investigate Him.
Trenton, N. J., Dec. 13. —(AP)—Leg-
islative leaders turned down today
Governor Harold G. Hoffman’s offer
to call a special session to investigate
his activities in the Bruno Richard
Hauptmann case.
The investigation was suggested by
Assemblyman Crawford Jamieson,
Mercer, Democrat, who criticized the
governor for his death house visit to
Hauptmann. Jamieson said he believ
ed a plan existed to subject the peo
ple of the world x x x x to a series
of recurrent explosions that will carry
this celebrated case into the press at
intervals until the Republican Nation
al Convention meets in June.
Governor Hoffman has been men
tioned as a possible candidate for the
Republican presidential nomination.
The governor discussed with lead
ers today the need of a special ses
sion to discuss emergency relief and
social security legislation. They con
cluded no session was necessary for
those purposes, and when the gover
nor also offered to reconvene the leg
islature to investigate him they re
jected that proposal.
Senator C. C. Barbodr, Republican,
majority leader, one of the conferees,
termed Jamieson’s suggestion “in

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