THE HENDERSON GOLD LEAF THURSDAY, MAT 14, 1891.
cThe Gold Leap
s' henderson, n. c.
THURSDAY, MAY 14, 1891.
BORE ABOUT TRUSTS.
91 A J.
He Supplements His Former Re
marks and Quotes Eminent
Authority to Sustain His
Hyco, Va., April 20; 1891.
In our first gaper on trusts, we en
deavored to show that we were con
fronted by a condition, not a theory;
that there was a growing inequality in
the condition of the citizens of this re
public that augured no good to society
or government; that trusts were harm
ful and ought to be suppressed or kept
by law within safe and harmless
There have been many epochs in
the history of the world, variously
styled as the primitive age, the dark
age, the age of renaissance and the
modern and enlightened age. We
read, too, of the iron age, the golden
age, the poetic age, and the age of
chivalry. We live in the industrial
age, an age of development and utili
tarianism above all others, and as
savants tell us, as par excellence, the
intensely egoistic or selfish age,
The ruling dominating principle in
the ages of the world, inciting and
stimulating and governing man's ac
tivities, is the love of power, "the de
sire of the individual to impose his
will, his personality, his views, his in
dividuality in the widest sense of the
word upon every one within the sphere
of his existence." The consequence
of such achievment of dominance and
power in the individual means arrog
ating to himself something that belongs
to others, and just in proportion to
the deprivation of independence in
others will be the usurpers increase
of power to first subjugate and reduce
others to subserviency, to be followed
afterward by oppression and spoliation.
On this principle originated the no
bility and aristocracy of the old world,
and on this same principle has been
built up a plutocracy in this country.
The one a nobility of blood, the other
a snobocracy of wealth and just as
the people found it necessary to cur-
t.lil 1 hf nccnrriTitinn nnrl tinwpr nf the:
nobility and ruling class of the old J
world, will they surely find it impera
tively necessary to circumscribe the
power and arrogance of money under
the control of plutocrats in this re
public. The safety, aye the salvation
of the republic demands it, and it is
only a question of time, and to prove
effectual must be of short duration.
Some men may sneer at the impend
ing consequences of the unbridled lust
lor power through the aggrandizement
of the wealth of this country into the
hands of a lew designing and unscrupu
lous individuals of the character of one,
who, when remonstrated with in regard
to his policy being hurtful to the
people replied,"the people be damned."
And this utterance of itself demon
strates a cause for the low muttering
thunder that is being heard from time
to time all over this land and liable to
burst forth like a volcano and carry
destruction and death before it. Nero
fiddling while Rome was burning!
ALL SEE DANGER AHEAD.
The situation is evidently a grave
one, when we see the ablest defender
of the existing economic condition in
this country, Mr. Carnegie, finds it
necessary to write a long apology on
wealth and the method of the wealthy
in this republic. Mr. Carnegie, it
must be remembered, i to some ex
tent, a scion of nobility, financially at
least if not by blood. A Scotchman
by birth, an American nobleman by
development, he views the question
only from one stand-point, and that
personal. He is. assuredly an able,
shrewd man, and has amassed a for
tune that would have endowed the
kings of old Scotia for generations
under the ancient dynasties of her
brave and chivalrous race. But an
able English humanitarian,Dr. Hughes,
styles Mr. Carnegie an anti-Christian
phenomenon, a social monstrosity, a
grave political peril. Thanks to un
restricted competition and the tariff,
he has pocketed much more than his
equitable share of the joint product of
labor and capital. If he thinks that
he has made this great pile, so to speak,
on his own bat let him set up business
on a solitary island and see how much
he can net annually without the co
operation of his 20,000 men and the
ceaseless bounties of the vanishing
Republican majorities in Congress."
Th tnilereof this country send grateful
thanks to the noble hearted divine for
his brave true words, and to the Demo
cratic party that helped to make them
Cardinal Gibbons, in his most able
and suggestive paper in the April
North American Review, "Wealth and
its Obligations," commenting on Dr.
Hughes' paper in the December Nine
teenth Century, "Irresponsible Wealth,"
says: "Written and published a few
short weeks after the political upheaval
of November last, (alluding to the
political cyclone that swept the Repub
lican party from power), these words,
quoted above, ring out defiantly from
the citadel of free trade." I need not
write of Cardinal Gibbons to American
readers; a man of the highest attain
ments and tenderest human sympa
thies, and, although occupying the
most exalted position of his church in
America, he does not consider it be
neath his dignity to espouse the cause
of the poor and oppressed, and does
it with the zeal of a divine and the
ability of a statesman.
What has the Cardinal to say on the
subject of a high protective tariff,
which, more than any other agency
has contributed to the formation of
trusts, syndicates and monopolies for
robbing the people, to build up col
lossal fortunes for their organizers:
"'The schools are too potent a factor
our newspapers are too numerous, the
the masses too
intelligent to accept
any half-way or uneven solution 6f
this great economic question. (And
to make it a little more pointed he
might have said, the Republican policy
of taxing the masses for the privileged
few.) As surely as the sun shall rise
to-morrow, the sovereign people will
ascertain in the long run whether Mr.
Carnegie is a 'normal process,' an
imperative necessity,' an essential con
dition of modern society.' A republic
of millions of voters may err for a time,
the political pendulum may for a season
unevenly or unequally swing, but there
is always here the biennial opportunity
to modify or qualify one's views."
We thank thee noble prelate for your
wise and encouraging words!
The Rev. Mr. Kaufman says, "in
Europe the desperation of the poor is
fast driving men into atheism." In
the United States, says Professor R. T.
Ely, "the methods of millionaries are
alienating wage-workers from Chris
tianity." "They cannot," says Car
dinal Gibbons, "reconcile Godliness
with greed; and one sanctimonious
miserly millionaire in a community
works more deadly harm to Christianity
than a dozen isolated cases of burglary
Ex-Premier Gladstone and Cardinal
Manning both notice, comment upon,
and deplore "the shrinkage of private
charity going on contemporaneously
with the enormous increase of wealth
in England." And directly in the
face of the evil tendencies complained
of bv the Cardinal and ex-premier,
Mr. Carnegie bodly asserts that nine
teen twentieths of the charity, public
and private, is uselessly spent." All
is chaff that is not grist to the million
REPLY TO DOCTOR BROOKS.
While our sentinel phiosophers, di
vines, and statesmen see danger threat
ening our beloved land, our friend Dr.
Brooks, would have us believe that all
our troubles come from "pessimism,"
indigestion, chronic grumbling or
"over-production," or a mixture of
all. He argues that it is insensate
folly "to raise our feeble cries against
this that, or the other, and try to hew
our destinies to the line of our conceits,
but that the divinity of evolution shapes
all our ends." We ought not to con
fess to any surprise at the above decla
ration, coming as it does from a "na
tionalist," a disciple of the author of
"Looking Backward," who evolved from
his fertile brain, the wildest, most
utopain and baldly absured socialism,
that was ever conceived of. There is
a vein of ridicule running all through
the doctor's paper, ill adapted to so
grave a subject. But when he says
"it is useless, if not unwise, to decry
in general terms combinations of
capital and monopolies and destructive
of our best interests," but goes further,
and actually claims that "they have
wrought the greatest blessings to the
human race," we can scarcely believe
the doctor is in earnest. It is a fact
in the piscatorial world as the doctor
states, that "the big fish shall eat up
the little ones;" but does the doctor
propose, willingly, to sacrifice himself
in becoming food for filling the cor
morant maws of the big fish, or does
he propose to turn "big fish" and thus
escape the doom of the little minnows?;
Possibly the doctor may think he can
appropriate a little "cat hole" all to
himself, but whenever the big fish
start for him "he's a goner!"
We challenge the doctor to the
proof of his declaration, that combi
nations in the nature of "monopolies
have wrought the greatest blessings
to the human race." No one can, or
will, deny that the concentration ol
capital ethically used is beneficial in
dustrially, socially, educationally and
religiously; but when large aggregations
of capital are used in any monopolistic,
forestalling or gambling business, with
the avowed purpose of over-riding and
driving out' competition, it is hurtful
and antagonistic to all legitimate,
We beg to remind the doctor that
the great mass of the farmers of this
country are not novel readers, and are
looking forward rather than "looking
backward," as it seems has been the
doctor's recent occupation . They are
looking forward to a different develop
ment than Bellamy describes, or thai
which centers power and money into
the hands of unscrupulous wealth; and
that development we verily believe is
coming through legislation and peaceful
revolution, let us hope, but it is never
theless, surely coming!
Dr. Brooks is a reading man and
ought to know better than to repeat
the refrain of Edward Atkinson, "over
production is ruining the farmers."
The New England statistician had a
motive in such plea, but , what a Vir
ginia farmer can mean by its use js
beyond this scribe's conjecture, if the
doctor had said under consumption
and a restriction of markets for our
farm products, and the currency to
handle them at the proper time, were
prejudical to the agricultural industrv
of this country, such statement would
have been founded on facts and en
dorsed by the intelligent planters all
over the land. The subsidized hire
lings of the money lords of this country
are even crying, "lie still farmer, you
are doing your own hurt in producing
more than the world can consume;
you have no one but yourself to blame
for low prices."
It would extend this paper far be
yond the desired lengh to demonstrate
how the farmer suffers through inade
quate currency to move and handle
his crops at the proper ' time, and
how his markets are circumscribed
and he discriminated against in various
ways, and all for the benefit of mon
opolists here and abroad. The sec
retary of agriculture in an article in
the April North American Review,
says "Nor can the farmer unequally
share in the increase of our national
wealth, in the general advance of
national prosperity, without sooner or
later, but most certainly, causing a
grave disturbance in the equilibrium
of national affairs. The surest guar
antee to the stability of any govern
ment is to be found in the enjoyment
of equal privileges by all classes of its
citizens, and in a just distribution
among them of the benefits as well as
the burdens of the political structure."
' Not the wealth of the few, but the
well-being of the many, ought to be
the chief concern of those to whom
the affairs of the government is en
trusted. And now in conclusion, begging
pardon for the length of this commu
nication we can say to the reader,
that whatever may be the opinion of
the writer of this paper he gives you
food for serious thought from some of
the ablest and most distinguished men
living who regard the subject heie dis
cussed, trusts and their influence for
evil, with the gravest fears and most
emphatic denunciation. Right or
wrong, this writer is assuredly in good
respectable company; but he has the
courage of his convictions and were
he alone in the belief which he holds
against trusts he would still disclaim
with all his might against their unho
We honestly entertain the opinions
to which we have striven to give shape
and expression, have no axe to grind,
but stand ready to help sharpen the
great broad-axe of the people to hew
to the line, regardless of how, when,
or where the chips may fall. More
over, he is optimist enough to believe
that it is not yet too late to bring this
government back to an administration
of the people, for the people, by the
people, and not a government of the
masses, by the classes, for plunder.
R. L. Ragland.
A XJRISIS AT FONTENOY.
THE IRISH BRIGADE LED THE DECI
When the French Were Broken ami AbouT
to Kctret Irish Genius and Valor
Arose and Won the Day A Story of
the War in Flanders.
.Copyright. 1891, by American Press Associa
tion. Book rights reserved.
the turning battle
in the war in Flan
ders between the
French and the
Maria Theresa for
throne, and the
$Jt c01" o' the Irish
bloody field in less
M than t&rt miniitJ
time wrested vic
tor y for th e Fre nc h
disaster. The bat
tle was not a model one on the part of the
French. Under command of Louis XV
and Marshal Saxe they were laying siege
to Fonrnay, on the Sheldt, and when the
allies, 50,000 to fiO.OOO strong, came up in
the rear to raise the siege Saxe swung
40,000 of his troops around on to aslope,
presenting two faces to the enemy. His
lines thus had two directions and met in
an angle at the center, the same as the un
fortunate position occupied by Sickles'
corps oa July 2 at Gettysburg. The French
ranks rested on the Sueldt on the right, and
In an impenetrable wood on the left and
the front was strengthened by heavy re
doubts having a diverging fire that swept
the whole plain beyond. The left side of
the angle had but two redoubts, one at the
point and one at the extreme left. The
right side was better supplied. Marshal
Saxe stated that he. did not believe that a
commander existed bold enough to attempt
to put his troops through the raking fise
from those two widely separated redoubts.
It proved a weak spot, however.
The allies were formed under three com
manders Gen. Ingoldsby on the right, to
charge the isolated redoubt at the edge of
the wood on the extreme left; the young
Duke of Cumberland with Anglo-German
troops in the center, and Prince de Wal
deck on the left with the Dutch troops.
The action began at 5 o'clock in the morn
ing. May 11, 1745, and raged as an artillery
duel for four hours. Then the allied in
fantry took it up and made a grand ad
vance all along the line. The Dutch infant
ry in heavy columns, supported by cavalry,
gallantly faced the terrible artillery fire
that raked their lines crosswise and lengt h
wise. The French had a sixteen psunder
battery on a bluff at the extreme right of
their position that swept the Dutch lines
from end to end. No soldiers could be
made. to endure such cannonading without
some diversion from other sources. And
at a critical time there was a prospect of
such diversion, for the Duke of Cumberland
at the head of 15,000 British and Hanover
ian infantry, and accompanied by twenty
cannon, carried in the left side of the angle
from the redoubt at the wood to the point
at Fontenoy. The redoubt at the wood
assaulted by Ingoldsby had not leen car
ried, owing to the cowardice or inefficiency
of the leader of the attacking column. But
the duke pressed on into the very center of
the French lines, more than 300 paces past
the battery front. Of course he carried
confusion with hiin. Louis XV and the
Dauphin were in the camp. If the Dutch
could do as well on their side as Cumber
land had done on his the French were lost,
for owing to the situation there was no
avenue of escape in case of defeat. Despair
settled down on the French councils. The
favorite troops had given way before Cum
The steady musketry fire of his columns
seemed to the French as something infer
nal, and his advancing cannon knocked to
pieces whole brigades of the king's choice
infantry. The French had 110 pieces of
cannon in their redoubts, but these were
all needed to do their work there. Four
guns only had bn left in reserve, and an
officer of the Irish brigade, Col. Lally, sug
gested that they be brought into action to
oppose Cumberland's advance. This idea
coming to the ear of the king was adopted,
and the guns were brought into action in
front of the victorious allies, whose shouts
of triumph resounded over the plain. Tha
move placed the impetuous Cumberland
into a difficult position. He had cut his
way through a gap, for the French batter
ies on both Hanks of his column reiaained
intact and fired upon the allies who at-
MAP OF THE BATTLE GROCXD.
tempted to follow tip to the duke's support.
His column was exposed to attack on the
front and each flank, if the French had the
vigor and foresight to act np to the emer
gency. Already orders had been given
from the French headquarters to prepare
for retreat, and even the batteries so er
sistently holding the Dutch in check along
the side of t he angle had been told to aban
don their ground. The allies under Cum
berland were astounded and all lut par
alyzed by their sudden success. They had
rushed iato the center of the French army;
brigade after brigade of French infantry
had melted away before them; confusion
and inaction were everywhere noticeable in
the French camp, and Cumberland's men
actually stood still jn wonder and uncer
tainty. Their surprise ajid inaction lasted
until the French recovered a firm grip pa
Uae situation. The commander of the four
reserve cannon, which had been ordered to
the front nndar Cl. Lally's inspiration,
hurried them forward, crying out, "No re
treat; the king orders that these four pieces
of cannon should gain the victory."
The allied eohtmn that had broken
Iriok Bt.J. S
through the French wis in the form of an
oblong, with three battle fronts. Marshal
Saxe ordered the four cannon to open on
the longest front and cat gaps (or the
French cavalry to dash through. At the
tame time the infantry brigades that could
be re-formed were to attack on each flanK.
On the extreme French left lay the Irish
brigade, six infantry regiments, known as
Clare's, Bulkeley's, Dillon's, Roth's, Ber
wick's and Lally's. These men had nbt
Oeen at the front thus far during the bat
tle, and had cursed their luck in conse
quence, but their enthusiasm, or "panting
irdor." as the phrase is. was about o Ik-
giion a !cpe rei; Tiicy were jil.iced as
the head of a column to attack the Duke
of Cumberland's right flask. Being com
posed of youu:? meu, all fits?) and burning
with hatred oi their old hereditary foe, the
English, their sek-ctiou to bear the brunt
of the attack was cX once a compliment,
and a challenge to them to show proof of
their mettle. When the word came to go
Col. Lally siiid tj hi.- men, "March against
the enemies f .France and yourselves
without ii::g until you have the points
of your b.;yo!.rts upon their bellies."
The Irishmen went forward all animated
with Ue spirit of Lally, and coolly re
serving their lire. Before the. 11 lay a slope
ascending toward the allied lines, and
swept by a galling tire from thousand of
muskets and two cannon. Up the steep
tbey went without pulling a trigger, to be
mcf, by some of the crack troops of the
British army, among them the famous
Coldstream guards. The briyjide wore
scarlet uniforms, and advancing in good
order called out in English, "Steady, boys!
Forward! Charge!" so that the fc.eaien
heard the rally and saw what was to come.
As the opposing lines came together a
British officer swlvanced to the front and
singled out Capt. Anthony McDonough
for combat. A sword duel was foisgiit on
the spot, the soldiers on both sids nearest
the scene pausing to witness the fight
McDonough finally disabled his foe and
sent him to the rear as a prisoner, while
his comrades sent up a tremendous shout
over the victory as an omen of good luck.
Following this incident the British let
loose thc-ir volleys of bullets, and for a few
moments cut down the intrepid Irishmen
like grain before the scythe. The com
mander, Col. Clare, was hit twice. CoL
Dillon was killed at the head of his regi
ment, and scores of officers and hundreds
of men fell under this fire. Yet there was
scarcely a check to the impetuous move
ment of Erin's gallant sons. With their
famous Celtic slogan, '"Remember Limer
ick and Saxon perlidy," they rushed to
close quarters, 'thrusting their bayonets
into tiiii faces of their antagonists before
firing a .shot.
Even in front of that blazing column the
bayonet, like the honest stick in a scrim
mage, had more charms for the Irish lads
than the uncertain muzzle and flint. They
conld feel with their countryman who sang
of his encounter with a Claude Duval:
HU pistol it flashed.
But his head I mashed.
Oh! shillelah, you never missed fire.
An unfortunate circumstance happened
at the outset that would have' chilled the
ardor of less determined warriors. A bri
gade of Frenchmen, mistaking the Irish in
their scarlet colors for the enemy, charged
them and fatally wounded many before the
mistake was discovered. Even this did not
cause more than a temporary wavering,
and the brigade soon saw their opponents
flying from the field. Of the twenty cannon
with the Duke of Cumberland the brigade
made trophies of fifteen. They also took
two colors. The colors and two guns were
captured from the Coldstream guards by
Col. Bulkeley's regiment.
So quick was the change of scene after
the Irish got to work that a contemporary
spoke of Cumberland's column as "en
chanted legions which were visible and in
visible at pleasure." It was an affair of
seven or eight minutes. The French war
minister, who was on the spot with his king,
said, "In ten minutes the battle was won."
The brigade lost 73 officers and 400 men
killed and wouuded. Clare's regiment had
its lieutenant colonel and 5 captains
killed, its major and 8 captains and
1 lieutenant wounded. Dillon's regi
ment lost its colonel, lieutenant colonel
and 3 captains killed, 3 captains and 6
lieutenants wounded. Roth's regiment
had 3 captains killed, and its colonel and
9 captains wounded. Berwick's regiuient
lost 3 captains killed, 2 captains and 5
lieutenants wounded. In Lally's regiment
3 lieutenants were killed and the colonel,
lieutenant colonel and major, 3 captains
and 4 lieutenants were wounded. Fifz
james' Irish cavalry regiment, acting with
the hor.se, also lost heavily. Twenty-five
officers of this regiment were among the
killed and wounded.
Following the battle, which was a de
cisive victory for the French campaign,
Louis XV thanked the several Irish c.rps
in person. Honors and grata i lies were
showered upon the surviving officers, and
when George IV of England heard tae de
tails and realized that his son had been de
feated by Irish gallantry he exclaimed,
"Cursed be the laws which deprive me of
The laws referred to were the penal and
anti-Catholic measures adopted for Ireland
after William of Orange made conquest of
the C.ituclic districts in IOJL These meas
ures were held to be in direct violation of
the treaty at Limerick, hence the battle
cry of the exiles on the field of Fontenoy,
"Remember Limerick and Saxon perfidy."
Yet it was not with the spirits of cold
blooded renegades that these Irishmen
fought against this E:;lish army, in which
their ancestors had won renown, and
where their own r:iets and biofnl were pitted
against them. After Cumberland had been
driven from the field of Fontenoy and the
brigade was allowed to rest some of the
men were seen to be in tears. When
pressed to give a reason for the sadness on
the h?els of such a happy victory they re
plied that while they had doDe their duty
by France, and would do so again, it was
hard to fight against their own country
men, some of whom might be friends, and
even relatives. To dispel their sadness the
band was ordered to play up "Patrick's
Day," when the men responded with a
jovial shout, "Hurrah for old Ireland!"
George L. Kilmer.
The Washington monument in Wash
ington heads the list of lofty objects. 1
is 555 feet high. The Victoria tower in
London, 340 feet, comes next, and the Bar
tholdi Statue of Liberty ranks third at 303
feet. There are several pyramids, however,
which are loftier than pbe Victoria tower,
that of Cheops being 466 feet high. St.
He Iil What He Could.
feiirf..skja t?ball you send your son to
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1 Evans Chemical
Now is the time to buy of us any
thing in the HARDWARE line at a
very low price. We replenished our
stock just before the advanced prices
went into effect which enables u to
meet all competition. We have all the
serviceable articles that are kept in a
We have a CAR LOAD OF COOK
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trade. Also Cooking Ranges which
surpass anything ot the kind in this
market. Special care has been given
to buying these goods as low as possi
ble, and in getting the Heaviest,
Strongest, Prettiest and Best Ar
ranged Stoves for easy cooking.
In this line our stock is also com
plete. Cultivators, Plows, Harrows,
Hoes, Shovels, Forks, Rakes, Potato
Diggers, Wheel-barrows, Trace Chains,
Hames, Harness, and hundreds of
other useful articles, all at prices low
enough to surprise you.
One of the very best uses man can
make of money is to expend it in
beautifying his home. We have more
New Styles, Handsomer Selections,
and Choice Novelties in FURNITURE
than ever before. Such fine goods!
you never saw sold so low. The very I
best in Artistic Styles at 'fair figures.
Special attention is invited to our line '
of HANDSOME PARLOR FURNI
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and Low Grade Chamber Suits, Bu
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Dining Room and Kitchen Furniture.
We have a large and beautiful as
sortment of BABY CARRIAGES,
ranging from the Cheapest to the
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You people who know what a bar
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S. & C. WATKINS,
HENDERSON, N. jC.
Having heretofore become the sole
owner of the Brands. Trade Mark, Gdod
! Will and other properties of the Hender
i son Tobacco Company, 1 am prepared to
! supplv the Trade with those CELEBR
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1 so favorably known as
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i sale. Send In vour orders.
I WM. H. S. BURGWTN,
1 Henderson, Vance county, N- C
March 16th, vm.
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Textura, ana HIGHEST PRICES always
! follow its use. Try it this season.
! Read the following testimonial from Mr. R. H. Ricks, the largest and finest.
tobacco planter in Nash county. One of the most successful farmers in the
State, he is high authoritv, and his evidence amounts to a verdict for PINE
Rocky Mocst, N. C, Feb. 15, 1890.
TME QUINNIPIAC COMPANY, New London, Conn.:
! Gentlemen: Last year I was induced by your agent, J. W. llines, to take some of
your PINE ISLAN FERTILIZER on trial I usd it by the side of other high grade
"fertilizers on my tobacco, and so well pleased was I with the result that I sl all USE
IT ENTIRELY THIS YEAR. I do it from the fact that I sot butter results from PINE
1SLANH than from anv other brand, and believe it THE BEST suited to niv soil.
I R. II. RICKS.
Mr. Ricks sold at Cooper's warehouse, llenderson, N. C, Feb. 14, 1)0, 22 lots of tobacco,
4,579 pounds, for $1,934.77, an average for all grades of 42.25 per 100 pounds. In 1889
he had 45 acres in tobacco and averaged for the entire crop $45 per 100 pounds. Last
year he planted 75 acres and used twenty tons Pine Island. That shows what estimate
he places upon it. His crop last year was-a fine one and realized high prices.
- Standard will be maintained. The Record of
the Past is our Pledge for the Future,
D. T. COOPEK.
Wootton's Patent Wire Tobacco Hangers
CAN BE USED IN ANY BARN.
PRICES, when Cash Accompanies the Order:
i0,?11"1 Complete 7 Wire to Stirk a on
1,000 Wires (No Sticks) 4.00
PRICES 0 TIIWK
100 Sticks Complete
1,000 Wires (No Sticks) ?'J?
Baskets, per Dozen. ".'.".!.'.".".".".".".'.".'.".'."..".'."..'.".'.'.'."'" t'.OO
Sample Stick and WIro for 5 Cents.
EST" Treatise on Tobacco Culture and Curing FREE.
TOBACCO HANGER WST'G CO., Houston, Halifax Co., Va.
Fire, Life, Accident, Tornado, Surety Bond and Steam
Storage Warehouse Building,
Over. $252,000,000 Cash
1 8 1 9 Etna Fire, of Hartford,
1 86 1 Commercial TTn ion of T nnrlnn .
Guardian, of London,
Insurance Co. of North America,
Lancashire, of England,
Queen, of Liverpool
Sun Fire Office, of London,
Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection
iu insurance uo.,
1 863 Traveler's Accident, of Hartford
Anglo-Nevada, of San Francisco,
1 86 1 St. Paul Fire and Marine,
i8o5 Caledonian, of Scotland
1843 Mutual Life, of New York,
A Share of Your Business is Solicited.
L. T. HOWARD.
HOWARD & TAYLOR,
(Successors to E. F. Wyatt & Son.)
: Manufacturers - of - and - Dealers - in :
HARNESS, SADDLES, .- ETC.,
(Same Stand, Main
meet all competitson and give our patrons the very best bargains obtainable. We carry
alsoa full line of Rubber Goods, Oil, Varnish, Castorine for buggy axles, &c.
HAll kinds of repairing promptly and well done at reasonable rates.
thankful for past favors, we hope to merit a continuance of the same liberal pariron
age Come to see us. We promise our best efforts to please you.
ESTIMATES FURNISHED FREE.
WORK AS ROOD AND PRICES AS LOW AS ANY DEALER
AND SETTLED HERE.
t ASH ASSETS.
A. F. TAYLOU
Street, Alley Building.)
AVith a larger stock of
Harness, Saddles, Bridles,
Collars, Collar Pads,
Lap Robes and Dnsturs,
Cnrry Combs and Brashes,
and in fact everything in the
harness line than we have
ever kept before, we are bet
ter than cvpr nronarul t
HeDdersoB, N. C, Near Postoffice.
LATEST DE6IGXS IX
Monuments, Statuary, TomMonesj
Curiam. Vases, etc.
Protect Your Property.
I am prepared to put up lijihtnine rod
ami parties wantinu such work done wiif
find it to thPlr advantage to Ret me to do it
IVVn;i, 1 USei the very best mteriai;
and put the work up accordins to the most
approved and scientific methods.
Special attention to repairing rod- al
ready on houses, beiog provided with a
batterv for testinp to see if connections are
properly made. Terms very reasonable
! George Orenshaw,
I HENDERSON, N. C.
1 See,w.,,at tle tollowlnis hi2h authorities
VfVr t,,e vaI" and Importance of LIGHT
NIXU RODS IN PROTECTING PROP
nl 1 :
Professor Joseph Henry, Secretary
Smithsonian Institute, says: "In a house
properly provided with Lightning Rods
however many discharges mav fall on it'
we are well assured, from full experience
and established principles, no damaee
can ensue to the occupants within."
Professor Johnson, in his work 011 Nat
ural Philosophy, states: "Conductors at
tached to buildings do really protect them
from injury by lightning, as has been
abundantly proved by actual experience
thousands of times."
iB?ArJW- Sriow Harris, F. R. S., who in
33i icated the subject in the interest
?i.BJ,twlV N?vy y: "A Judicious
application of pointed conductors, both on
land and sea, is not only desirable, but in
general 19 absolutely essential to the pre
servation of buildings and ships from the
ravages of lightning."
nich 12 a
Remember you can gat as good work, at as
reasonable prices, at
Crow & Marston's
Carriage I Wagon Works
HENDERSON, N. C,
As anywhere. No matter whether ym
want a vehicle made out and out, or want
repairing done, we are prepared to accom
modate you on short notice and iu the most
workmanlike and satisfactory manner
Having thoroughly fitted up our shops with
all necessary tools and implements and
employing orlv the best workmen, we are
better prepared than ever to supply Car
riages, Buggies, Wagons, Carts, &e., at
lowest prices. We make a specially of
manufacturing the celebrated
one of the best, wafrrms sn!l Tf mhiiaI i.-
excelled. We are prepared todoaljikinds
of work with neatness and dispatch, and
make a specialty of carriage painting,
REPAIRING AND HORSESHOEING.
Thankful for past pationage, we hope uy
good work and strict attention to business
to merit a continuance of the same.
' Verv Respectful I v.
CROW & MARSTON,
Jan. 2t-l c. . Henderson, N. C.
sr.O XT T Z" S
HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS
" .v ., " ' Mi i'rm or Mug Fi.
VKR, if Nmtz-s lo (pr are in tinm.
Jontz's l'ow.li.rill--nr.- nn.i prrvent llK('iior.KKa.
toutr.1i Pmvilora win fni-rensr the- qnantltr of milk
anrt crpnni twenty per cent., und ninkr (lie liiitu r firm
Fomz's row.iore win rure or prevent almmt kvibt
Diskakk to which Horse nn I altlc re wililrrt.
FoVtz's Fownfiui will ivk SATlsFr.-rioJi.
DAVID T. FOOTS. Proprietor.
FOR SALE UY
M. DORSEY, Druggist.
YalcaWe Real Estate in the Town or
One House and Lot
On Rowland street; good neighborhood;
six rooms ; all necessary out-houses : eood
well of water : now occupied by Mr. R. A.
One Vacant Lot
adjoining same, upon which is a good
stables. An elegant building lot.
One House and Lot;
four rooms; good kitchen; good well
water ; f.n Rowland utreet ; occupied by E.
D. Mitchell. This lot has stables.
Four-room House & Lot
and all necessary out-houses , situated on
Rowland street, adjoining that now occu
pied by E. D. Mitchell. Has good well
upon which is a good tenant house adjoin
ing the above, together with ive other va
cant lots iu the same neightx -;ood.
One Brick House
on Orange street ; four rooms ; now oecu
pied by W. S. Walden.
One House and Lot
on Orange street: six rooms; now occu
pied by J. 1$. Tucker.
One Brick House
on Orange street ; four rooms ; now occu
pied by Job Tierce.
One House and Lot
on Orange street ; six rooms ; occupied by
in rear of the last three mentioned' oa
each of which is a good tenement house.
Two Houses and Lots
on Cemetery street, with four rooms each
Also a Good Farm
in a high state' of cultivation ; only two
miles from Henderson. Has an excellent
house of seven rooms, in large grove, on
Eublic roads. Is a very fine tobacco farm
as four good barns for flue curing; con
taining about 200 acres ; good water and
All the attove rorrtv will be sold f'r
division among the heirs of Mrs. M. W.
Rowland,' deceased. Terms to suit pur
chasers. For further information apply to
Mr. Ishain C. Rowland, of Henderson, .
C, or the undersigned, Wilson, N. C.
A. W ROOLAN L,
Atfy for Mrs. M. W. Rowland, dee d.
A - -
t f Bl'-VW 1 rTI:6EST
7ui FC,R BALE. BY
Davis & Rose
1 1 1 f l a
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