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4 I fffflr Nothing ho effectually ? builds up a .trade as a lib n H S3 Z H DC J $-Arc you not invest). the most em- inently sue-; cessful busi-j ness men allj over the land! re'lar read G a $i.5o to bec-i ter purpose.; You will not: er ot tins pa.- yvr? If not we invite vou to fail to find! eral and iudi- 2 5 Lfl o GOLD LEAF. GOLD LEAF. become a suit scriber. I he price is low antl we be some tilings of special in t fcious use ot iPrinters Ink. If they did not find mon terest to you from week This is the ey so spent! testimony of paid, they c 3C lieve you can to week. thousands of not do it. " Carot.tnta, Oabot.tnta3 Hjela.te3st's Blessings -A-ttezshd IHjsi-t." ISDBSCRIPTIOH $1.50 Cash. THAD R. MANNING, Publisher. HENDERSON, N. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 1892. NO. 4. VOL. XT. i 1 j i t u Kit i J P M .1 T :''tii t'.o method and results T.vli--n - ' : ::p f J'j'lm is tal.en; it is p!;;s:i:ii .'..! i t ircsiiii; to tlio ta.-le, v.vA art1--promptly on the Kidneys, '.iv.,T ami I'.owf-l, cleanses the ,'Vs ;!,: f'eriiia'iiy, li-j);-!.i colds, Iie.nl i-s ru:d fuver.-; :m cuns habitum ' -lipation. f-vrii:; of Figs 13 the w.y remedy d' kind ever po-i:i'-'.-d, plea.-in t- the Inste find r.c ''table to the Kt'.inficli, prompt in atio:i find t rn ly beneficial in its !: hi, pr- p:ii f i 01. ly i'rom the most h 'n'thy in;. 1 f.jrrt-f-al.Iy .uii-taiirf-,-, ita ii:.!;iy o.'CJ'Cilent quulilit -s commejul it t :;iid hav; ii!;;(c! it the incvl , Til.ir remedy ki;;'.vii. .;ru of Firn is for pale ir fjOc !: i SI bottles ly all leading dr.Jj,' 1. Any reliahio drnjriyt who iiiti not liavc it luind will jro- e-:i ' it i-iiijtly tor any one who i.-hes to try it. Do not accept any r l..-litute. CALIFORNIA FiG SYRUP CO. 04.V ritANVIoCO. I AL. LOUISVILLE. KY. NEW YORK. N.V ONE FACT IS WORTH A THOUSAND THEORIES. The Twenty-Year Ton tine policies of the Equi table Life Assurance So ciety maturing in 1891 return the policy hold er all premiums paid, and the following- rates of interest on the pre miums which have been paid during the twenty years, in addition to the assurance of his life du ring the entire period. 20-Ysar Endownsnts. A n-liini in ;if-h e-f pivininiiis vil- with in ) .c-.-t at t lie r;ite of () 7-8 per cent. ( :-! K?r cont. 8 per cent. r 5 LIFE RATE. Tontine period termi nating at the end of 20 years. 1 w-i; A return in cash of .-ill premiums , with interest nt the rnte of p 2 per cent. A 15 : 1-2 per cent. 55 5 1-2 per eent. 1 The return on the oth I I er kinds of policies is in H nroportion, depending f 3 upon the kind of policy , 1 and the premiums paid I. 5? ml nnmiimimn j X lici t; ia liu aooui aiivo I extant in any company 1 1 which compares witn this. The Equitable is it the strongest company in the World and trans "facts the largest amount lot business. Assets, $125,000,000. Surplus, 23,000,000. l;urthi:r information will he ; -promptly furnished on applica-j-.jion to p. II. Youxt;, Agent, 1 Henderson, a. L !J S. 1IAKKIS, iivrni C '1 '.Jy- Virl HESDKKSOS, N. c. KV-rtfcr - I'ure Nitrous OxUl t iS'- Ji- t.as n.imitiisttrt-.l for i'Af Fnt"Tj t'"' f ii'iless extrac- ,jV-'--ViKj. ti.D of tet tii. Itjkf-omce over K. '. Davis' store. Maiu Idtieet. Jan. 1-a. PATENTS. 1 4 40 Page Book Free. -5 -0 -'Address, 1 W. T. Fitz Gerald, 1 WASHINGTON, r. C. Grass Growing. TESTIMONY OF AN EXPERI ENCED PLANTER. Maj. Ragland Replies to Prof. Massie and Argues in Favor of Permanent Pasturage. H E following in teresting letter we find in the Peters burg Rural Mes senger. It is from the pen of Maj. R. L. Ragland.of Hy- .5 '.r ':. A co, Va., in reply to an article by Prof. V. I'. Massie, of the North Carolina Agricultural College, on the subject ot permanent pasturage and the cultiva tion of grasses in the South : The following is from the Southern J'lantcr, over the signature of V. F. Massie : " Permanent pasture in the South means either Bermuda or Broom Straw, r usually both, no matter what sort of mixture is sown. In fact, perma nent pastures are, in my opinion, iar from being desirable, except in a good dairy region, where natural grass lands are found of such a rocky and steep character that permanent pasture is about all can be made of them. Our mountain iarmers can and must have permanent pastures, but in all the plain country of the S:uth no attempt should be made to keep land in grass tor any lengthy period on a farm, wiiiie the money crop is grain or cot ton. Southern farmers should grow grass, and plenty of it, but do not expect permanent meadow or pasture in this climate, of grasses which do well in the North. Bermuda and Broom Straw get there' every time." Notwithstanding theopinions clearly given in the two paragraphs abore l'ioted, Professor Massey writes the following in the Home and Farm for December ist, in reply to criticisms by this writer, of his published views in the Southern Planter : "Why, grass with me has always been a hobby, and for anyone in sober earnest to say that I have opposed grassing the hills of Virginia and Noith Carolina is so astonishing that I am inclined to think that Major Rag land has been imposed upon." Prof. II. occupies a half column in the Progressive Farmer of October 20th, in emphatically denying that he had ever counseled against making permanent pastures on the rolling lands of the South. But, reader, I beg you go over again the two para graphs taken from the Southern Plan ter and compare them with the para graph just quoted from Home and Farm, and you will observe that the astonishing thing about the latter is that Prof. M. should forget or ignore his published opinion, as given in the Planter. And yet, Professor Massey continued to deny the plain meaning and only legitimate interpretation that can attach to his published views given by the Planter. The English language is meaning less if Mr. Massey did not counsel and advise just the opposite of what he has written since in several journals. He felt the keen and just criticism of my pen on his erroneous teaching and has set about to write it down. But when Professor Massey convicts Pro fessor Massey of error then further criticism would seem to be a work of supererogation. To counteract what Prof. M. wrote and to state what is true of grassing the rolling lands of the South, as this scribe understands this important ques tion, the subject will be stated under three separate headings: 1. Every well informed farmer in the South knows that our rolling lands, after being in cultivation for a time, are best preserved by being converted into permanent pasture and cropped only occasionally. 2. Red Top herd's grass will grow well on all the rolling lands of Virginia and North Carolina above and possibly over large areas in other Southern States, where it makes a close matting ot roots, bears close grazing and is really the ideal grass for the South, to hold the soil on the hill sides while affording good perma nent pasturage for stock, and holds the fort against Broom Sedge for long years, as fields have done for thirty years and more. And when overrun by Broom Straw this can easily be de stroyed by fallowing and re-plowing, followed by cropping for one or two years and again resown to Red Top. 3. But were it impossible to grow Red Top or any of the cultivated grasses on the thin, sindy and slaty rolling lands of the South liable to wash, then is it not far better to let Broom Sedge, Bermuda or Lespideza or all, take hold and be permitted to hold as permanent pasture, lands too broken and por for remunerating cul-ti-ation, than permit them to be washed into gullies and galls and the soil all carried off to the bottoms and water conrses? Mr. Massey, while acknowledging that he is sometimes afflicted with a j hobby (grass, he says, is one of them), j forgets that his last hobby is cow peas, 1 and he isffor sowing peas instead of grass over the Southern soil as his sheet anchor for correct Southern farming. Cow peas are good in their place, and deserve a larger place in Southern farming than they get, but there are large areas in the Southern States where nothing, not even cow peas, should disturb the permanent pastur age, even if nothing better is growing thereon than Broom Sedge. And good farmers know why without my stating the reason. The fact is, the Southern farmer is cultivating (attempting, rather) too much surface, and nature, when left undisturbed, is coming to his rescue in Bermuda, Lespideza, Johnson grass, and even Broom Sedge, that are taking possession of the crop-worn lands, fur nishing permanent pasturage and en abling the owners to utilize them with out cost in greatly increasing the num bers of and profits from their herds, putting more money into their pock ets, besides providing them more sumptuous fare and better living than when such fields are in cultivation. The trouble with the learned Pro fessor, when he wrote the paper for the Southern Planter, was that his latest pea hobby had gotten the better of his earlier grass hobby, and the influence ot hobbies is to cause those who enter tain and cherish them to become lop sided for a ruling, predominating idea warps and distorts the judgment for a time at least, and afflicts its pos sessor with a treacherous memory that makes him vascillating. Hence the Professor's trouble. We ought to expect better of the teachers in our agricultural colleges than that they should ever be afflicted with hobbies, but when such is the case, most assuredly they ought never to attempt to teach them, but should strive to cultivate when lacking mens sibi conscia recti a mind conscious of right. R. L. Ragland. Hyco, Va. IN THE WINTER WOODS. High-flung at noon, in chill and sombre state. The naked woods uplift their mighty arms, Silent and grim, to meet the ravening hate With which the winter scourges wastes and farms, And chills and nips and blows, insatiate. High-flung and grey, athwart the frozen lands, Wind-carerned, stark, the winter forest stands. Here I have wandered all a frosted day, In fairy dream of sheeted ice and snow ; Great raftered branches stretching, mossed and grey. Ice hidden pools and drifted snows below. With formless winds that creep from far away, Steal in and moan across the fading light, While with great stride glooms in the lonely night. The loftly maples shake their tops and sigh. The snow-mossed beeches stir their beards of leaves. Still clinging from the autumn long gone bv. And all the woodland dark the night re ceives, Into its snowy-caverned sanctity The shadows darken, lower slants the Bun. Bright beams the moon when scarce the day is done. With one red gleam the sun has vanished down, Over the icy forest's bearded rim. Low croon the winds, blacker the shadows frown. Across the eerie twilight, far and dim, Conies a faint gleam from out the twink ling town. Steals in the night, the grey wood bends and sighs, Pale glints the moon in frosty reveries. Keen grows the air from frosts that creep anear, Night's icy hosts that all the grey woods thrill. Far overhead the stars grow sharp and clear. Ice-rending sounds the tingling silene fill From the far river cold in marshes drear. Across white floors a shadowy phantom flows From wind-swayed boughs and smoke of drilling snows. Then back I turn me homeward, wfiding drifts In eddied hollows, skirting icy pools ; Dreaming red hearthlogs through the frosty rifts. While o'er my path the moon throws iey gules. Where overhead the forest's gloom uplits Its shadowy bars againts the glinting light- The awful silence of the arctic night. niuam wtijrea vampoeu. DOES THIS STRIKE YOU ? In an exchange we find the vivid picture of many a man who is regard ed as being in good and regular stand ing in the church : " If he would talk with his own heart the conversation would be something like this : If other members of the church gave no : more to support the cause of Chrift, in pro portion to their ability, than I do, most of the churches in the country would go down. If my brethren gave no more to support the missionary work of the church than I do, the church would have to recall every one of its home and foreign missionaries. If every other member of the congre gation neglected the ordinances of religion as much as I do, there would be many a Sunday that the preacher would not have a single hearet ; there would not be a prayer-meeting in all the land ; every closet of prayer would be filled with cobwebs, and every family altar would be moss grown." Soliloquized the turkey. With a deep, deep frown : " 1 don't think much of feathers For area swell gown, But I'll have my fill of dressing When the axe comes down." Some girls are like a violin it takes a beau to make them talk. The things that men like to do most are generally bad for them. Dyspepsia and Indigestion In their worst forms are cured by the use use of P. P. P. If yon are debilitated and rue down, or if you need a tonie to regain flesh and lost appetite, strength and vigor, take P. P. P., and you will be strong and healthy. For shattered constitutions and lost manhood, P. P P. (Prickly Ash. Poke Root and Potassium) is the king of all medicines. P. P. P- is the greatest blood purifier in the world. For sale by W. W. Parker, druBBi1. More Money, THE NEED OF IT .IN THE SOUTH. A Thoughtful Article on the Sub ject of Fixing the Price of Cot ton By the Planters. f Wilmington Star. ITH the price of cotton made in England, and the price in this country both for manufacturing and speculative purposes govern ed by the price abroad, the cotton planter never knows what his crop is going to bring him, and can, therefore, never count upon it with any degree of certainty. The planter who cannot hold his crop as long as he wishes is always at the mercy of the foreign price makers, who keep thoroughly posted on the output of the cotton fields of the world and govern themselves accordingly. This is simply the reverse of the way the thing ought to be. The man who grows cotton should be the man who makes the price of it, and next to him the American cotton-buyer who buys cotton for foreign shipment should be the man to do it. If the Southern cotton growers were indepen dent circumstances and could withhold their crops and market them when and in such quantities as they saw fit they would become the price-makers themselves and get a price that would pay them well for -their labor. But they are not in a condition to do this, because they must have money and cotton is their dependence for money. Whatever the price of the cotton may be they are compelled to market enough of it to meet their pressing obligations and present needs, though the price be below the actual cost of production. If money was abundant in the South, as it is in the Middle and New England States (which have found such a bonanza in the protective tariff) 1 it would not be difficult to devise! plans by which the cotton market cou-ld ' be controlled and cotton command a remunerative price, for then syndi cates could be easily formed with millions of capital to lend money to planters who wanted to borrow, with cotton security. This would be carry ing out without any governmental agency one of the ideas embraced in the sub-treasury scheme, without being open to any of the objections that the latter is. It was said a year or so ago that the Alabama Alliance had effected arrangements with some English syn dicate which agreed to lend the planters of that State as much money as they wanted to borrow at six per cent, interest, taking cotton as security, but we have heard nothing further of that. If we had a system of State banks these syndicates might be organized by our own people,for with the increased volume of currency these banks would supply these syndicates could easily command the necessary money, and while they would secure the banks they themselves would be secured "by the cotton on which the money was advanced. The per capita circulation in the United States is stated by the Treasury Department to be $24. 28, about one-half the per capita circula tion in France. In this country 50 per capita would not be too much. A system of State tianks, in addition to the national banks, might safely supply $45,000,000 of currency for North Carolina, and thus bring the circulation up to a figure which would meet the demands of our people, supply the farmers with the money they needed, and also capital to establish numerous industries. A banking system of this kind in addition to the National banks would be better for the people of the South and the West than if the circulating medium now supplied by the Govern ment and through the National banks 1 were doubled, because the addition to ! the volume thus supplied would be; better distributed, and remain better j distributed, as it could not be con- j trolled by the money kings of the i Eastern centers to which the volume ! of currency has drifted for years and will continue to drift while the present protective t..; .J system and the inter-1 nal revenue system continue in opera-, tion. It would simply supply money for home circulation, good for all j practical purposes at home, and such ; as would remain at home. I The South is suffering from a! scarcity of money because she pays about $225,000,000 a year, or nearly ! as much as this year's cotton crop is worth, in tribute to the protected j manufacturers of the North and in ,; pensions to Federal soldiers.nine-tenths ; ot which pension money goes to the soldiers of the North. Add to: this the amount that goes out in in- j ternal revenue and it will not be diffi- i cult to account for the scarcity of, money in the South, why our farmers j are embarrassed and our industrial' enterprises are hampered and retarded. This puts our cotton growers at the j mercy of the buyers abroad, and costs ' the South millions of dollars a year, ill which go into other pockets. If the friends of the farmers and of the toil ing millions North and South would take a good square look at the finan cial question, they would emblazon "State Banks" on .their banners, throw them to the breeze, make that one of the live questions, and stick to it until the State banks come to stay. THE DEMAND FOR COTTON GOODS. Atlanta Constitution. If there was any good reason .for the low price of cotton, manufactured prints would decline in value. But, while cotton is low, prints re main at the same price. The eastern spinners are making money. Ac cording to the Memphis Appeal A valance, stocks of print cloth now on hand at Fall River are only nominal, being equal to three days' production. One of the largest houses in Memphis is unable to get an order for 100 cases filled at once, owing to the scarcity of manufactured goods, and it has re ceived notice that shipments of fifteen case lots will be made until the order is filled. The Appeal-Avalanche says : It haa also been published that the price of mill stock in the east has re cently advanced, which confirms the statement of the profits which mills are making- due to the depressed ralue of the raw product. There is no cheapening in price to the planter for the goods which lie must purchase for his familr to be clothed in, and yet he must accept a price 20 per cent lower than in previous years for the very cotton which is bought at his gin house, forwarded to eastern spinners, there manufactured and sold by agents to merchants, who in turn supply him with the very article which he has raised down on the farm. Could there be a more eloquent appeal made in behalf of manufacturers than in the few incidents related above? Or is there any further proof needed to estab lish the falsity of the idea that values of commodities are fixed by the inexorable laws of supply and demand? Therefore, must not there be truth in the assertion that a conspiracy has been formed which lias for its object the de pression of values by bearish circulars and excessive estimates of the yield, until the crop has left plantations and is held by speculators who will reap in full the paofits of an advance in the price of the staple? Undoubtedly, when the South man ufactures the finer grades of cotton goods, and her mills in sight of the cotton fields begin to compete vigor ously with the outside world, our cir cumstances will be vastly improved. The present state of affairs would seem to indicate a widespread and profita ble demand for cotton goods, and their prices should favorably affect the sale of the raw material. vTlLMAM WANAMAKER'S WAY H Thinks the Poople Cannot Ele H 1: m bugged. Mt. William 11. Wanamaker, ainem brr of the Philadelphia firm of Wana tnalrer & Brown, on a brief business trip to Louisville, where the firm has a flour isliius branch establishment. h:is been ;riri!is his views on the general subject of advertising in the Louisville Commer . i;il His opinion and experience will be read with interest. Unsays: "There are no people anywhere that can be hnm bugxed or deceived more than once. Your customer, while lie maj' not know the intrinsic merit of what jou offer, can form a pretty fair idea of quality, and oiic-e you mislead him his confidence in vou is gone forever, and besides that he will influence a portion of his circle of friend against yon. 'if there is anj one thing I would offer ;w a nsaxim to advertisers it is this, 'The truth pays. Some j-eara we have spent over n qnarter of a million dollars in ad vertising, and you can readily see that we l:ave given the subject very much practicT.1 trial, and have studied it theo retically a3 a science. In all these years we have watched the returns carefully from every standpoint we have taken, and nre now prepared to give oar un pialihed opinion that more and better :-it urns are given to us through the news papers than all the other means ever tried. We advertise every day in the year," said Mr W.. "except Sunday. There is always some trade doing, even in the dullest season, and we strive to divert the Coating or transient trade to our place. Again, when business ordinarily is duli. people who see our invitations in the newspapers are more apt to read t!i-ru. for the reason that they have more time to read, and there are fewer adver tisements then Many merchants who have been in business for a certain num ber of years will say, 'Oh, we are so well known it is no use for us to advertise.' There never was a greater mistake. We would us soon think of canceling our in surance policies as our advertising con tracts. We spend more money with newspapers each year that goes by; there are more people who want goods, and new trade is always coming to the sur face. 'Advertising that is well done is cu mulative in its character. It is like the compounding of interest An adver tisement inserted in a daily paper one day will, in all probability, make a good return to the merchant who has the goods the people want at the right prices. Each successive advertisement that he puts in gains an impetus and influence fnui the original one, and so it counts ap until the name of the firm gets what is eq--,i vulf-nt to t'.a "good will' of a suc cessful Lm-iiiess. besides deriving the direct profit froui immediate sales caused by the advertising "To advertise well a merchant should give as mnch care to his newspaper pace as he does to any other department of riie outness As a general thing a uien ::ant cap well afford to Epend in tiewsjiajier ad verti-in; from one-third to ou.'iiftlj the amount of all hi3 other totai ex".i-e.i If a man in business tubi as eara-stiy through his newspaper :;eii .'i-j 14 a idre.-.-i:! oae or two hun iireJ thousand people simultaneously h- wiieu Leu tulku.g to one customer, i.e i-auiiot fall to inuke a success of news pa p-r advertising." Our Early History, AN INTERESTING PAPER BY HON. KEMP P. BATTLE. Something of the Customs and Habits of the People of Col onial Days. State Chronicle. ROM the Maga. zine of American History for this month, we take the following picture of our Colonial fore fathers, as faithful as it is vivid. It is part of an article by Dr. Kemp P. Bat tle, Professor of History in the Uni versity, on the Career of Brigadier General Jethro Sumner. Dr. Battle is now investigating the early history of our State and is training the young men at the University in methods of historical study. Let us hope that our history will soon be truthfully writ ten by some historical genius, who is in full sympathy with our character and civilization. How can a spiteful Yankee trickster and politician like Henry Cabot Lodge do us justice ? Ve bid Dr. Battle God -speed m his work : The eastern planters of colonial days were a race of striking virtues, but with many defects both as to char acter and conduct. They were high spirited, brave, and truthful. They were loyal to the English crown, but they understood their rights and were always ready to defend them. As their plantations supplied them with nearly all the necessaries of life and they had a surplus sufficient to furnish the guns and powder and shot, the tea and coffee and sugar, the ribbons, the laces, and other nicknacks which the fair sex of all ages and under every clime must have to gild the refined gold of their natural charms, they were in heart and habit independent. The country mansions were the thea tres of generous hospitality and kind ness. There was lavish abundance of-home-made productions. There was not much traveling when thirty-five or forty miles a day over rough roads and dangerous ferries was the rule, but the people were free from the fe verish restlessness engendered by our railroads and steamboats. Visits to relatives and friends on occasions of weddings, natal days, Christmas holi days, and to the great world at Nor folk or Richmond, or the capital Wil liamsburg, were productive of more thrilling pleasure than the frequent and stale modern excursions to seaside or to mountain. These trips to the town gave glimpses into the world of fashion. Theatrical companies aped the acting of London and Paris, and the great balls brought out powdered wigs, bespangled coats, magnitudi nous hoops and gorgeous silks and ruffles, which would have passed mus ter in the circles beyond the Atlantic. The colonial planters were devoted to horses, and boasted justly that they owed scions of the best racers of Eng land. They had frequent races, and both sexes thought it no harm to bet on them, the men heavily, often to the impairment of their fortunes, the ladies seldom venturing beyond a pair of gloves. Foxes abounded so as to threaten the existence of lambs and poultry ; great hunts were not only a sport but a necessity. These were rounded off with bountiful feasts and drinking frolics, thereby causing the name of fox-hunting to be synony mous with reckless dissipation. Cock fighting and gambling at cards were considered respectable in these "good old days." Grand balls assembled the young and the old for the stately minuet and the lively Virginia reel, and weddings were celebrated with festivities which lasted for many days. They were a gay and fun-loving peo ple. The young men learned the art of horsemanship not only in fox-chases but by constant habit of visiting and traveling on horseback. So deep rooted was this fashion that the trav eler of that day avers that he has often seen men walk five miles to catch a horse in order to ride one. The use of fire-arms was learned by practice in hunting bears and deer, wild turkeys and squirrels, and other game so nu merous as to seriously threaten the existence of food crops. Shooting matches, too, were common, the victor not only winning the stake but receiving the plaudits of admiring neighborhoods. There was little of what we call ed ucation. A few boys received college training at William and Mary. Still fewer were sent to the great schools or universities of England, but the greater part were content with reading and writing and a little arithmetic. The writing was invariably legible but much liberty in spelling was allowa ble. Shakespeare spelled his own name in four different ways one hun dred and fifty years before, and his example of independency was followed in colonial times. If Washington and his generals had not fought better than they spelled, Clinton and Corn wallis would have shaken hands over a subjugated country. In General Sum ner's will the county of "Isle of Wight" is spelled "Hewhite." The gallant Murfree writes of "legenary coors" (legionary corps). Uniform spelling came in with Webster's blue back spelling book. The colonial gentleman was likewise too proud to be willing to submit himself to tlu strict grammatical rules of the solemn pedant who poed as the predecessor of Lindley Murray. But while there va liule education but requiring for their development incessant watcntuiness and incessant toil. The carrying the chain ami the compass through thickets almost im penetrable and swamps almost itup.tss.i ble, the felling of forest, the defense from floods, the war of extermination against wild animals, the occasional march to help the settlers of the mountain lands to repel the hostile or to barter for furs with the friendly : Indians, the rough sports on horse and on foot all these, joined with watch ful criticism ami discussion of their rights by charter ami by inheritance, made a hardy, self-reliant, indeien- s dent, proud, and daring people. They were as a rule resjcctful to those in authority, friendly and courteous to' their equals, kind and considerate to their inferiors, but equally ready when angered by encroachment upon their rights to resist fiercely, to avenge in sults, to crush insubordination even with cruelty. LITERARY NOTICES. THK MI IK IAXS' OI1KE. Every mtiBi'c teacher, student or music . lover ahould have this volume. It ctm- tains 212 paj;en of valuable musical in formation, with full description of over ! JO.UUU pieces of music nttd music books. biographical sleek-hen of over lHO coin- posers, with portraits nttd other illustrn- tions. AlHO a. Choice, selection Of new VO- cal and instrumental music und other attractive features. 1'pon receipt of: eighttwo-centstamps.tnprcpayposttiKo t: win limit iree, it cuppy 01 1 ne, Jiuxichtnx tiuiiff, also a sample copy of Ilrauuinl f Musical Worltt, containintr $2.00 worth of new inuftic tmd interesting reading mat ter. Address The S. IlitAiNAitn'ft Co., Chicago, III. i'OK Ml'SICAI, rKOPLK. The " Song Frlene" for December is at hand with its wealth of Vocal and Instru mental Music, and its bright, interesting j and instructive paragraph and articles on Church and Instrumental Music, Voice Culture, Theory, Musical News, etc. Among the pieces of choice music in this Number is a very fine Christinas Anthem, " 'Tis the (ilad Christmas," by the favofite author T. Martin Towne. A pretty Song, entitled "Pierrot;" and a pleasing Instrumental piece the "Swing Fantasie." Tho" Sung Friend" is a 32 page journal of rare excellence. The subscription price is only fl.00 a year, with a premium of three pieces of sheet Music. The publishers, S. W. St rant & Co., 245 State Street, Chicago, offer to nend one sample copy for 10 cents and make liberal inducements to canvassers. THE HOLIDAY FItANK LESMb's POl'ILAK MONTHLY. The Dardanelles strait, being the marine gate to Constantinople, is to-day the most anxiously guarded water way in all the world. This fact, in connection with the present political situation abroad, gives universal interest to the illustrated paper upon "The Dardanelles Question and the European Equilibrium." by John Laird Wilson, in the Holiday (January) Number of Frank Lelit't J'opiJnr Monthly. Amongst the other notable articles, all profusely illustrated, in this number, are: "The sea Horse (Walruses) and their Chase," by Ernest Ingersoll ; "Down the Rhone," by Professor MacMullen ; by Mary V. Worstell ; " Woman's Life in Turkey," by Olive Harper; "New York from a (.'able Car," by Virginia Duncan ; " Angelica Kauff man," by Evelyn Moore : and "Stained Glass in America," by Roger Riordatt. Joaquin Miller contri butes an inspiring poem upon "Colum bus," and there are short storiw hv Nelly Hart Wood worth, Charles 0. D. Roberts, Mary A. Denison, and others. ALWAYS AT THE FHOXT. We have received a copy of the hand somely illustratfl prospectus for 1H02 issued by the Detroit Fre IWx. The achievements of this famous paper in the past have been jjicat, but if its promises for the future in-c to be fulfilled and there certainly is 110 reason to ex pect the contrary the Detroit Fits I'm will in 1802 be as its publishers confi dently claim, the most entertaining and instructive pajicr published, giving ad ditional pleasures to its thousand of old subscribers and fresh enjoyment to the many thousand new ones that it merits deserve. Its list of contributors for 1M'J2 includes many of the most famous names in American literary aud public Iif, arid most of the articles to be published are of unusual importance and interest, presenting a splendid array of valuable features in addition to inimita ble work done by its own staff J bright and famous writers. The publishers of the Frre. W will mail copies of the pujer and prowetu to all applicants. A woman never hits a hen when j she throws a missile at it ; but, alas ! a i man is not a hen. i To bring up a child in the way he j should go, take care he doesn't seel where you go, dear parent. i Beauty is said to be only skin deep, j but the young man knows better than j that when he gets a mouthful of pink ! paste. Criticising a Youngr Lady. " She would be a pretty girl but for one thing." " What's that?" asked Charley. George "Her face is always covered with purple and red blotches." Charley Oh, that's easily enough di posed of. Used to be the sattm way myself, but I caught on to the trouble one day and got rid of it in no time." (ieorge " What wa it?" Charley " bimply blood eruptions. Took a short course of I, i. I. I tell you. it's the boss blood corrector. The gov ernor had rheumatism so lad that you could bear him boiler dear across the country' every Unie he moved, lie tried it and you know what an athletic old get.t he Is now. If somebody would give Miss Daly a pointer she would thank them for it afterwards. Sold by W. W. .Parker, drpggis. from books, there was a most valuable fy$i&& v TKEgL. I training from the exi-encies of life fkfiS Gil in a country full of natural rescues. -'JShmh A I FOR SALE BY W. W. PARKER, DRUGGIST. I'rirlUt. I iVc w r Hi 1 tttttferMica rtpMivriiliti t4i:rt to r M will. If yti pi .-w.t-h o vt n ft wi ft t lit (!. n4 furl uf Atuvrt, m tlll4 M !(., (r'tf a!) vnmt 'ii. r ' 10 -mt4t fe lb fte What ufftov mm4 M l fca 1 it4 orwr ! , fr W ur I, . I- mv i lm. iu--ry M4 1 v wrr f'r lull, large lucttn. v yw, ftirwHfcinf v -rv thin Thia la W of lit a-fatt Is utal,i4ivbtv4 I r.ijrrau, Ikal earirh all rkrr It if known. N 'Wii th' ;ni. I'ir innni ini I ul t t-nta tret. IWttr wr ait nrf. A.14im, 4l034ft T. M. 1'ITTM W. W. It. SHAW. J3ITTMAN A: SHAW, ATT( 1 : N 10 V !-s AT I -A V , HENDERSON, N. C. l'rntiipt atti i. . 'ii to nil piol.-hMoiiHl I ual-it-MK. l'raetl-. .11 tin- NiW- hik! Kttlrra! onrts ! "tnee: Kx.m .k rurwell Ilulnlliit: i - ........... -n.. ' ' ' ' Arrot m;v A'r i.a.v. HENDERSON, N. C. I'r;iplli'f in Hi 'iurtsiir V'ancf, Grmi vllU, Warren, II all 1.1 :uil Northampton, mid In i-SiiiieuiciM 1 l":-loral 'ourlsif t he St ate. office: In Zo .IcoTer's law hui l.ll ik, Oar It tttrett. fob. ft-HI. it. iihniiy, ATTOKMUY AT l.,VV. HENDERSON', N. (J.. OFFICE IK UUKWKI.L ltClUUNU. CoUiuk: Vnnee. Franklin, Wurrvn. Gran ville, I'niteil MaleK t'oiirt Ht Knleluli, mid supreme Court f North Carolina. Oftlce liour'J a 111. to .r p. 111. Iiift)."3! I.. C. EDWAKDf, Oxford. N. C. A. It. WOHTHAM, Henderson, N. O. jlVAItlS & WOltTIIAM. ATTOHNKYS AT V. HENDERSON', N. C. Oiler their helvlei-H to t lie people ..f VatlC f.uiity. K.lwrin will lten! all th Courisof Vunre eoiinty. ni.l will eome t MriKlersou at any ami all Iiiihh wliru III assistance may he needed by hU partner. Jjll. C. S. lidYl), Surgeon, NDKKKON, !. uttwfHCtion guaranteed as to work and prices. The Bank of Henderson. o (Established 1382. Incorporated 1891.) iniNDliKSONTvImce Co.. X. C. 3ENERAL B&NKINQ, EXCHANGE and COLLECTIONS. t i it 'Kiss : Wm If. v lil it;VVN, Piesi.lcnt. J. JVTAYLO .. Viee-I'M-Mdetit. intECTOKs:- l.VMKs If. I.ASMTKIS. . s . i'!:;;r.i owkn dwin. mkl- ILI.K KOItsi . . IIKNKV PKKUV. 'A'ill open f. i liti-iness under its new t .aiiizateia .Ja:, :.uy lt, 1J. Humphreys1 Da. IlcifHuir-. r?fully pri part m tu private ri thirty years wtt-.l i n-lr a.pK-lftl r i-Ki irirnareartantincalljraod j rt-vrfpttftrjH ; umm for oiao tk-e wlthu-orM.aiwlfrvr . U.t: ix-opl. Kvm-y tmrta Kp for ihn iietuw nkmnl. "in. If !..! r .!.... I Ibm SriOr rut "r rlurtn(r ti. cxl the o t r rr I avxU'tn. arwl ftr in Iwliw rrrdl-rthVrU. orr'r ncxriftr. y .. ct ten. im rt. rurrfciui r;ntn. inflammation .. Warn. W m I rver. W orrn Cll- . t; T lUili.Ki,r Infant 1'iarrnra, ft l.ll'lr. n r Alul'a ... balrrm fo 7 ('aha. ( on FT. rltitlia. ldlioiw t AAir. .fit urn. Vimiltina; H Nraralia, :r.,i,Ywn-wh V Jlearfarhr Hl' Hralacl. t t O Dyaarala, flil'.u. htomarb.. . jiroucniii rrh ... lertltfQ ? I H"rraai ir Palatal ferlarfa. r aicwM i'.o vrojuii f-rVKj. t 'raaa. ojt.r'i. Jjifllr-tilt ItrMfliiri . Halt Hb.rii.. Ij-vair..! Irrir.1t.t.. i iinrimiuiiiii iiDi-piiK t'airi.... 1 t-Vvrr anl Asrnr, lll. Haiarta.... . 17 Pilra, Win; I;l- 'llnif I f Catarrh, Inluenza. .M In th H1 VJ Whooping t oatrb, V,lTtti.ti-ha. U7 hUrr III..,.. . ' . Ui .Nrrvaan IrefciMlr 1 30 I rlanrr MVak n-aa. W-tftt, pd. ... 34 JUaraneaaf thrlirart.I'alpltatk.D l.OO foUI If trrc.tj, r a.t. p:iA4 m rt(-t .4 rrVa. I Ur.nuii K.inL.imj.i rfi-lj buiu4 la ctota b4 tola. a.tLaa r arHKiTV hid. ro.. u i a 1 1 ruiu. M-. it. S P E C I F I CS AGS!;, "A ' A to- u"a H M yaw 5 ' :.. .,ur Alltui V.- rt ! tturld tut tun xr. lMPCSTia nusa auum, slop ', l :. i:mS'"4 ri"i'll f-M xl'. lta- t:-io ewp. f '. t.f :; t : t.n.-t ai.4 ttl rif-.ir ."'HI " r ti ' -"... fi ;. Vit ailr.. i ! j. ;'jtif :. ;'.( 1tr4 ltuat l. rataaa -v jAE-xf I, it BtLLtt f-cmtifD.ni- ';':; ftfiyCotii -' i.t Wl"k Bonanza f.r ' :' i t tr -.lift rap, f r all i 1X"T DtLlT. v.y. Kllii. luipcrtn. Clnctar.aU. 0. -i