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The gold leaf. [volume] (Henderson, N.C.) 1881-1911, August 01, 1895, Image 1

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A Clean, Attractive Paper
That in iiati all u r s-cuns tUM
ntss for t!mvht. its ittlvi-rtieiii
columns. Suih a 'up r i-4 tin Hrii-
uVrsOll liol l I.KA'". Till' JTO'f t 1 the"
t hum is in t tt tst themd. Columns
to Ik. th U'lit M r ami tkrptic.
o
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Btate Library
. ... .t(.t;Tcssiv paper, that
, !, ,i;n-t'-r, i-in-iiiation, iriflu
; i-t-piH-t of its renders,
. ,i i- jm.kc'i' result. than
i n. : Inn!. It i.s worth your
i -.ill i'liT till? JoM I.KAF
n You Want Results.
''14
!H;; k. MANNING, PaMister.
Carolina, Carolusta, TT-r ejst's -BiiaEsssrtTos -A-ttexsTd
SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 Cub.
cc
(fl S '
I to
VOL. XIV.
.1 r'
,u taking Simmons LlVElt Reo
. t h- " King ok Livek Mkdi
'I'hat is what our readers
, ! i. thing hut that. It is the
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iviie should take only Sim
.iv r Kegulator.
ure you et it. The JCmI Z
r.
n the w rapper. J. II. Zciliu &
, IMiihidelnhla.
UNIVERSITY OFNORTH CAROLINA
' ' . '- the Cnivei'Mtv, the Colleen,
Mi-iliciil Schools, ami the
i .-!niil tor Teachers. Tuition
ai'lii'i-s, 171 students.
. : i -
i'i;ih)i;nt winston,
Chapel Hill, n. c.
; i-1! ih-iriie ami liamlhook on "I'ni
i:iiii." June 27.
FRANCIS A. MACON,
rSsircjcon Dentist,
r: ; i.ks' in, north Carolina
- operative ami mechanical
Nil I'iiai L'e tor examination.
IM lloyil's old rooms, over
I ;ti-h -1 1 's stun'.
n. kki im;i:i;s,
i i)i:M'.v at
la liar i law
Ii'crn-Ci
LAW,
JV.
nuililiiiK nea i
1 1 i
)
ir. i . s. ii i;iis,
N. C.
l'i ;!ici' over K. C
Davis' store, Main
Ian. l-a.
)R. W. J. JUDD,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
professional services to
etiilerson ami vicinity.
the
' B. SHAW,
illorncy and Conuselor at Law,
i;
ri l'.I.IC an i) HKAL KSTATK
agknt,
RS), - X. CAROLINA.
in State ami Federal Courts.
,t of Kstates and Collection a
l.oans Negotiated.
: i
AI,K. T. BARNES,
I inlcrtakcr & Iimbalmcr,
HKAI.EH IN
ii::: ami Medium Grade Fnruitnre. &c.
Ti i KKii r.i ii.niMi,
. illXDKRSON, X. c.
TAS TELES E5
MULL
mm
IS JUST ASCOOD FOR ADULTS.
WARRANTED. PRICE 50cts.
ClLATIA. II LS.
, Nov. 10. lSXi-
L V... fil..W'rt Ml 1 Mil.
: .u.fii:- W 1J Inafc ie.ir. OTO bottles of j
VKS TASTKLKSS CHILI. TOXIC ami fcavo (
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-.ii a uiir Tunic. Viurs truly,
AUNi-V . C AKK 4CO l
'. i a ? i . 1 tzuaianteed by j
I'll I!. 11. THOMAS, dnmiiht.
PIGEON
THE GREATEST
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THE AGE.
Cures in 1 to 4 days. Im
mediate in effect ; qnick to
cure, fan be carried in vest
licket, all complete in one
ch.-ii!.'. tvnt by mail, prepaid, plain
r-eeij.t of price. $1 per box.
H.-ii.b'i-nnhv M. Horsey, druggist.
MILK
THE NEW AGRICULTURE.
LACK OF METHOD IN FARMING OPERA
TIONS. Prof
Williams, of the University.
Reports the Result of His Observa
tions Along this Line The Farmer
as Compared With the Mill Owner
and Other Business Men.
LCoi respondence News and Observer. 1
Fkankun, N. C, July ioth.
For several years my vacations have
been spent among the farmers. The
condition of the farmer interested me
and I was sure that the only way to
understand him was to live with him.
And now I have u few observations to
report.
All over the State the farmer is in a
back way.
He is not improving his farm. His
bank . account has gone years ago.
The children are not being educated.
Debts are accumulating.
What is the cause of this state of
thing?
I answer without any hesitation.
The farmer himself.
The method of work and manage
ment of the average farmer would
wreck any business in the world.
I do not think there is any other bus
iness in which there is so much waste
as in our farming.
For example, in making manure the
farmer loses all the urine from his stock.
Now a ton of urine is worth ten times
as much as a ton of solids. This is
one example. I could name fifty more
in-which the waste is simply ruinous.
Alongside of waste I place a lack of
method. The farmer does not keep
up wiih his business. He does not
know what his products cost him.
He does not know what products are
best suited to certain conditions.
And the result of that lack of method
is two-fold. In the first place he has
boarders among his stock and luxuries
among his necessities. In the second
place we have the absurd condition of
the consumer setting his own price on
the necessities of life, grown by the far
mer. The farmer does not know the act
ual cost of a bushel of corn, hence the
consumer, knowing the value of it,
sets the price.
No other business in
conducted as farming is.
has been prosperity in
of life except farming.
our State is
Hence there
all the lines
The factory
running in a rigidly business like way,
has made rich the owner. A revolu
tion in teaching methods has brought
an educational awakening to our peo
ple all over the State; and as a result
every good school is prospering. The
farmer alone has been left behind, and
I rpeat it, the cause is with the farmer.
This letter is headed the "New Agri
culture." It has taken me several
years to see that there are forces at
work now strong and confident that
will bring in a brighter day for the
farmer. I am satisfied that my title
is not imaginary. Let me make good
this assertion by examples.
I have visited and studied three
farms this summer. The first was a stock
farm in Rowan. Five years ago this
farm would produce five tons of ensil
age to the acre, now it produces seven
teen tons. The cost of this ensilage
stored in the silo is eighty cents per
ton. The proprietor of this farm can
tell you to the cent about everything
on the farm. His methods are exactly
like the methods in a successful bank
or factory.
And this is the result : When I told
him the salary of the President of the
University, he laughed at me and said
he could make more money raising
stock.
The other two farms are in the
mountains and are given to a variety
of crops that is, to the crop that
pays.
On one of these farms the taxes
when the present owner bought it was
fifteen dollars ; now the amount is
one hundred and fifty dollars. This
tells the story.
1 he other larm, bought seven years
ago, produced when bought five
bushels cf corn to the acre. Last
year eighty-seven bushels to the acre
was gathered. The proprietor told
me that the farm is now paying eight
per cent. and it is sure to do better.
Now lor the explanation. It is in a
few words : Stock, no waste, business
methods. The basis of our agricul
tural revival is improved stock. Every
farm should have a dozen good cows ;
put these in a good barn. Save all
the manure, urine and solids. Make
hay to feed them. Have improved
hogs for the surplus milk; the hogs
cost nothing, feed the family, and
buy the groceries, and the manure
from the stock means rich land, and
rich land means heavy crops, and big
crops mean profits.
In brief these are the results of my
observations. They are offered in the
desire to bring help and suggestion to
! our farmers. H. H. Williams.
The inhabitants of a certain county
in Virginia are neither male nor female.
They are all of the Middlesex.
It is a big thing to say, but nevertheless
true, that a great multitude of people have
crowned Simmons Liver Regulator the
" King of Liver Medicines." There is
i nothing like it for malaria, rheumatism,
chills and fever, constipation, biliousness
sick headache, indigestion, and all troubles
i arising from a sluggish or disordered
! liver. Simmons Liver Regulator Is the
j prevention and cure for these ailments.
j Man must be disappointed with the
: lesser things of life before he can
comprehend the full value of the
greater. Qukver.
THE vanished voice.
f Kicliard liurton, in Harper's Magazine for
August. j
There stood
door
a tree beside his boyhood's
I'hat faced the West and often, Just before
The sundown seemed transfigured with the
tight
That flooded in, and keen upon his sight
Burned Image of flame ; and from the
tree
Fluted a nameless bird goldeuly
lie seemed part of the sunset and the sky.
The listener has listened for that ery
Of love and longing many a weary time.
And heard it uever ; nor can mortal rhyme
Encompass half its sweetness. Could the
place.
The homely homestead, and the subtle
grace
Of youth return, the magic moment when
The Westering day shows Heaven to
mortal men.
Though transiently, perchance the chant
ing bird
Would be there, too, perohanee his voioe
were heard.
The listener listens vainly. Song is rife
Still in the world, still love illumines life,
Bnt he would give the all of after years.
Its triumphs, wisdoms, and revealing tears,
To list that little bird -soul from its nest,
Iieap into lyric rapture, sink to rest.
Youth in the air, and sunset in the West.
A SUKK WAY TO SUCCESS.
The way to make your town a
blessing to yourself and every one else
and the finest and most interesting
place to live is to push it, talk it up,
help improve it, beautify its streets,
use its manufactured products, speak
well of its entei prising men, and if
you can't say something good, say
nothing. If you have the means invest
in something ; employ some'ixdy ; be
a hustler.
Be courteous to all visitors so that
they may leave town with a good
impression. Always be ready - to
encourage and support new industries
and you will be rewarded by a pros
perous and go ahead town. Extend
a hearty welcome and encourage all
who contemplate locating among you,
as it takes people to make a town.
Never fail to have a good word to say
for the mau who puts up the most
buildings in your town or comes down
with the largest amount of cash to
help along a business boom or a big
day, which is always a blessing to our
business men. Above all don t kick
about any necessary improvements
because it doesn't happen to benefit
you as much or more than it does
anybody else. Let the good of the
town be your highest consideration
and you will always be liked and
honored by the whole community and
your name will never die, but live
long after you are dead and gone.
Exchange.
Wanted to
Furnish Music
Exposition.
for the
Atlanta Constitution.
An ambitious summer hotel orches
tra at a North Carolina resort was one
of the competitors of Sousa, Gilmore
and Innez for the contract for furnish
ing music at the Exposition.
Mr. Howell Peeples, on one of his
business journeys, ran across the or
chestra and heard it discourse. It was
composed of six pieces. It gave as
good music as the young people needed
for waltzing the summer nights away.
The strains of the orchestra had
almost died out of the memory of Mr.
Peeples, when he was reminded -of
them the other day by a letter from
the manager. The manager wanted
to furnish the exposition with music
and hit upon his acquaintance with
the prominent young railroad man as
the best method of getting the proper
start in the direction of the consum
mation of his worthy ambition. He
wrote to Mr. Peeples saying thai he
would like to bring his orchestra of
six pieces to this city and surprise and
delight the exposition visitors with
sweet music. Who would be the
proper official to approach with a
business offer?
"I do not know who has charge of
the music for the exposition," Mr.
Peeples wrote in reply, "and therefore
cannot advise you as to who is the
proper official for you to negotiate
with. I can state, however, that Sousa,
Innez and Gilmore have been engaged
for the exposition, which I very much
regret, since hearing of your wish to
come."
He sent the letter to the manager
and waited a few days for reply. It
came and was short and to the point.
It said:
"The devil you say!"
How to Learn to Talk.
Learn to listen well, and soon you
will find yourself speaking the word in
season and surprising yourself as well
as others by the quickness with which
your thoughts will be expressed.
Read the works of great writers,
think them over, and conclude in
what way you differ from them.
The woman who talks well must
needs have opinions decided ones
but she must have them well in hand,
as nothing is so dissagreable as an ag
gressive talker.
Say what you have to say pleasantly
and sweetly; remember always that the
best thing in life dear, sweet love
has often been won by that delightful
thing, "a low voice."
Be not too critical; remember that
every blow given another woman is a
boomerang which is bound to return
and hit you with double force.
lake this into consideration: it is
never worth while to make a malicious
remark, no matter how clever it may
be for those who may laugh at it at the
time will lay it up against you un
consciously and retain a vague sort of
impression in their minds that you are
not of the sweetest aad gentlest
nature.
HENDERSON, N. C, THURSDAY AUGUST
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS.
"NORTH CAROLINA AS A HEALTH
RESORT."
The Most Favored of All Lands A
Great Diversity of Climate, Scenery
and Natural Causes Conducive to
Good Health and Long Life Facts
Worth Considering
Following is au extract from the
speech of Mr. Hal W. Ayer. of tha
Raleigh Cacaunian. at the banouet
given complimentary to the Xort; I
x.vitiu m. ivbo oiouvittiuu, iu urrecuo-
boro, July 18th, responding to the
toast "North Carolina as a Health
Resort." So full of information con
cerning this feature of our State and
containing as it does so much of inserest
and value to the genetal reader, we
asked the privilege of publishing this
portion of Mr. Ayer's remarks :
Scenic and climatic influences have
inspired many an eloquent tribute nnd
thrilling to the natural glories and
sunny skies of North Carolina; and her
abstract fame has traveled as far as the
wings of ballad and poesy can carry it.
There has been no exaggeration. Too
much has not been said; but the sentiment
attendant upon utterances both descrip
tive and eulogistic seems to have been
so enthusingly patriotic, soulful and
ethereal, as to lift the mind and imagi
nation of reader or listener into a realm
of fancy from which it is impossible to
properly appreciate the material quali
ties which inhere in everything within
State lines. To pull down the dreamy
fancy of the entranced auditor to yank
him out of elysian reverence and bring
him to understand that the scenery is
actually natural that the climate is
real and that such a combination of both
as exists within the borders of Tar Hoel
dom is conducive to so vulgar and
material a thiiyr as active vitality and
ruddy health would be a sacrilege of
custom at any time, but especially so
on such an occasion as this, when the
pent up reason is supposed to be let
loose to feast on everything in sight,
regardless of consequences, and the
imprisoned soul is released to join a flow
of all immediate flowing material in a
direction contrary to all orthodox
instructions as to the course said soul
should take.
But, sir, something tangible is neces
sarily the basis of all true inspiration.
Let us try to discover and describe the
real, the actual cause of the eloquence
and song already mentioned, and see
what conclusion a practical examination
ot it will lead to. Of course this can not
be done in detail here to-night certainly
not to the extent of going into dry,
good fellowship-killing statistics; but a
lew tacts may be stated which will lead
any one who may question or investi
gate them to some remarkably interest
ing and delightful discoveries.
Reference to the mean parallels of
latitude will show that North Carolina
is situated nearly midway of the Union
and since the Union lies entirely within
the Temperate Zone, it follows that
North Carolina is situated upon the
central belt of that Zone. This position
gives to the State climatical conditions
not excelled by any section of country
in the world. Other causes, apart from
its position, concur to produce these
results. On the West the lofty mountain
chains interpose their mighty barrier
between the bleak winds of the Northwest
and the general surface of the State. On
the East the coast is swept by the Gulf
stream, the beneficent effect of which is
felt far inland. From the position and
these causes the temperature, which is
more or less the regulator of life and
health, ranges within moderate limits
from season to season.
The climate of a locality determines
the desirability of that locality as a
place of residence or resort for either
health or pleasure. The average annual
temperature of the whole Northern
Hemisphere is 59.5; the average tem
perature of North Carolina for 1894 was
59.6. So it will be seen that theclimate
of North Carolina, in respect to heat and
cold for the year, is almost exactly the
same as the average of the whole Northern
portion of the globe that part of the
globe holding practically all the civiliza
tion and all the advancement of the
present age.
There were only 108 rainy days of the
365 in 1894, and the precipitation was
ample for the best health givinginfluences.
Now, lets tnakesome brief comparisons.
We can all remember something of the
songs and praises we have heard of the
balmy climes of Southern France Sunny
Italy the Andalusian Valleys and other
famed places to which many physicians
in this country ordered their rich patients.
We have seen that the average annual
temperature for North Carolina is 59.6. .
At Paris, of Sunny France, it is 50.8. '
At Naples, of Sunny Italy, it is 61.1
differing from North Carolina less than1
two degrees. At Madrid, in the Auda-1
lusian Valley land, it is 56.5 differing I
liuiJi -ivii til vaiuuuu i.y mice ut ill if n.
How can these places, so much famed for
health giving qualities, be superior to
North Carolina whose temperature is a
happy mean between that of the points
mentioned? From available authentic
records we may carry the comparison a
little further and show that for what
may be called the six winter months the
average temperature of North Carolina
is 48. ; for Paris 42 ; for Naples 52
differing from North Carolina by four
degrees ; for Madrid 45 a difference of
three degrees. J ust one more step now
and let us compare the summer records.
For North Carolina theaverage tempera
ture for the six summer months is 70;
for Naples 69.5; for Madrid 67.5; for
Paris 60. These are "the facts in the
case," and that the climate of our State
is not as far famed as that of any in the
world is due to the remissness of some
body. Gentlemen of the Press, is ours
the fault?
Another factor in determining the
desirability of a locality as a place of
resort or residence is the influence of
climate upon health and life. Keeping
in mind the fact that we are not going
into details, we may state that alocality
in which the mortuary rocord does not
exceed 17 deaths a year for each thousand
inhabitants is a very healthy section.
In any illustration we may make in this
matter, we mast omit reference to the
colored race; for while it is unfortunate,
it is still a fact that a tremendous
majority of that people live iu obUrion
of the results of sanitation. We may
emphaaizo this fact by stating that iu
Washington City, where the most com
plete records are kept, the death rate
among the whites is 17 per thousand,
while under the same crimatio influences
the death rata among the colored people
is 30 per thousand.
Remembering the fact that a death
rate oJ 17 per thousand indicates a very
healthy locality and environment, we
may present the happy status of North
Carolina by stating that the records of
the North Carolina Stte Board of
Health show the death rate in to
have bwn 13.18, and for 189-t it was
rejiorted an lO.ti. This latter showing i J
just a little too good, and le, perhaps,
the result of iuaccuracies of some local
reports: but these may be balanced bv
adding a small percentage to the death
rate, making it, 6ay, 15 per thousand,
and this record is one that no other
State in the Union can equal. Massa
chusetts, perhaps, secures and compiles
more complete records of this character
than any other Northern State, and its
report for 1H94 shows the death rate to
have been 20.74 per thousand. This
rate is closely approximated by the
mortuary record of other Northern
States and sections.
We would like to make a comparison
of North Carolina's health and that of
some other Southern States; but with
the exception of Alabama none of them
issue health reports, and Decompilation
of the Alabama report is of such a
character as to preclude the possibility
of determining the health conditions
there.
Now, sir, from the facts here presented,
we can easily arrive at positive conclu
sions which would constitute u practical
eulogy on North Carolina of such force
and eloquence as not to be easily
expressed, and for which no section of
earth can offer a more solid basis or
present stronger claims. Let us strip
this assertion of sentiment by one more
practical illustration : That dread dis
ease, consumption, the cause of more
mortality than any one affliction to
which mankind is subject. The records,
taken as a whole, show that one-seventh of
all deaths reRult from that scourge, while
iu North Carolina only one-twelfth of the
mortality is from that source. It would
be difficult to present a more practical
or stronger proof than this in favor of
the superiority of North Carolina as a
place of residence or resort. And while
what has been presented shows that its
particular position on the earth and its
climatic conditions stamp it as a place of
all places for a u"er resort, it is almost, if
not quite, equally as desirable as a
winter resort.
Concerning these facts there ought to
be the fullest information and the widest
dissemination. As secretary of a com
mercial organization in your capital
city, I am continually in receipt of
inquiries concerning the general status
of the city and State. And one of the
very first questions asked relates to the
death rate and general conditions of
health.
I do not think the State Press could
exercise its efforts toward a greater
benefit for North Carolina than to advo
cate, urge and secure a sufficient public
appropriation to equip the Board of
Health with every agency necessary to
discover the fullest data relative to the
supreme advantages of climate and
healtbfulness of our Commonwealth aud
publish it to the world. This information
is of first importance to a State which,
like ours, is seeking to attract immi
grants of intelligence and character, and
to attract the tourist who is seeking
recreation and health. The health argu
ment is one of our very strongest points
for pleasure Beekers especially, but it
can not be very influential unless it is
plainly presented and clearly supported.
We have the facts. Let us collate aud
offer them in such a conclusive exhibit as
to put them above the questioning of the
most random observer.
If it were not superfluous here, it would
be proper to take some account of the
beauty and magnificence of the mountain
scenery the gentle, graceful and pictu
resque undulations of the Peidmont
region the soft, balmy winter winds and
soothing summer zephyrs of the Caroliua
coast, which is the paradise of both rod
and gun the myriads of springs from
which gush the elixir of life from one end
of the State to the other all of which
constitute unequalled inducements and
attractions for the tourist iu search of
health, pleasure and sport. But of these
things we all know. Let ns tell them to
others. LefOs understand and proclaim
that, with the natural advantages that
tend to render growth more perfect,
decay less rapid, life more vigorous,
death more remote, the manifest destiny
of North Carolina is a near approach to
the fabled Atlantis as a resting place for
all who seek temporary repose from the
stern exactions of life, or a home where
the most harmonious blendinsr of nature's
grandeur and beauty is seen where the j
fear of tempest is unknown and storm is
less Frequent than anywhere else on the
globe.
No Use to Worry.
fOrange (Va.) Observer.
What good is accomplished by j
worrying? We might as well try to(
turn back the tides of the ocean with
asnovet as to overcome irouoie ana:T,o0 ,H. had hen a T.i-.it-rnnf
disappointmeut by fretting over them.
We at all times cannot control our
thoughts and they are liable to run in
gloomy channels, let us do our best,
but we can brave trouble better than j
we generally ao 11 we oniy maxe an 1
ettort. worrying snortens me, so
claim those who have given metaphys-
ical subjects much study. It maps
itselt in our races, ana we go among
our friends leaving sympathetic marks
of our trouble here and there. Be
cheerful and you will notice the faces
of all about reflecting brightness; be
sad and you will see the faces of those
with whom you associate, mirror
like, cast back a gloomy shadow.
Worrying will not help you in any
way, and is sure to magnity
trouble.
your
Remember the sun shines lor you as
well as for all God's creatures, the flow
ers, the beautiful landscape, and all the
magnificence of nature are for you,
then why should you worry even
though you must bear trials? Always
remember but for adversity we would
not know and enjoy the greater bless
ings of life.
The Barber's Little Joke.
Indianapolis Journal.
i " I see you wear a Grand Army
button," said the man in the chair.
"Yes, sah, said the barber, with a
smile.
" Belong to a colored post, I sup
pose?" No sah. The cullud post belongs
to me, sah."
It was not till he had stepped out
and seen the barber's sign that the
customer saw the point.
Physicians all over the world recom
mend Japanese Pile Cure. It has cured
thousands, will cure you. Sold under
positive guarantee. Saraplefree. Melville
l)orsey, druggist, Henderson, N. V.
1, 1895.
SOME WAR HISTORY.
w
MEN WHO MALE A RECORD FOR THEM-
SELVES.
North Carolina Generals and the Wars
in Which They Figured Many Illus
trious Names Among the. List
From the Revolution to the Civil
War Nobly She Did Her Duty.
BY WALTER CLARK.
The following list of Generals whom
North Carolina has furnished, and of
the various wars through which she
has passed, may merit preservation :
DEI ORE THE REVOLUTION.
Before the Revolution, North Caro
lina, owing to the small number of
troops she could furnish had no Gen
erals except those ot the militia. She
had a severe Indian War at home in
1711-' 13, and some Indian trouble
later of minor importance.
In 1 7 15 she sent her first expedi
tion beyond the State, being horse
and foot soldiers under Col. Maurice
Moore, to aid South Carolina against
the Yemassee Indians. In 1740 she
sent four companies of 100 each in
the only expedition this country has
ever made beyond the Continent, to
Carthagena, South America. James
Innes (afterwards Colonel in the French
war), Robert Halton and Coltrane
were three of the Captains. In the
same year, 1740, she sent troops in
the expedition under Oglethorpe
against St. Augustine, Florida, then
under the control of the Spanish. In
the latter expedition her troops, exclu
sive of the company of Highlanders,
probably from near Fayetteville, (then
Cross Creeks) under Capt. Mcintosh,
were combined with the Virginia and
South Carolina troops into a regiment
commanded by Van Derdussen. The
company of Highlanders were espe
cially exposed and were cut off almost
to a man at Fort Moose.
In the French war, she sent in 1755,
prior to Braddock's defeat, a regiment
to Winchester, Va., under command
of Col. James Innes, who took the
command, outranking at the time Lt.
Col. George Washington, who com
manded the Virginia forces. Her
troops who fought the battle of Ala
mance against the Regulators, 16th
May, 1 77 1, were detachments of
militia commanded by their Colonel
under uovernor lryon who was in
chief command. Gen. Hugh Waddell,
who had seen some service against the
French and Indians in a lower rank,
commanded some 300 militia across
the battle-field.
IN THE REVOLUTION, 1 775-83.
North Carolina had in the " Conti
nental Line :"
1 Major-General,
Robert Howe.
4 Brigadier Generals,
James Moore, died in service Feb
ruary, 1777.
Francis Nash, killed at Germantown,
October, 1777.
Jethro Sumner.
James Hogun, died a prisoner of
war at Charleston, S. C, January 4,
1781.
Besides these, the following Gener
als of Militia commanded troops in
action :
General John Ashe, at Briar Creek,
Ga., March, 1779.
General Richard Caswell, at Cam
den, S. C, August, 1780.
General Isaac Gregory, at Camden,
S. C, August, 1780, where he was
wounded and the conduct of his men
highly praised by the British.
General Griffith Rutherford, at
Stono. Tune. 1770. and at Camden. S.
C. August. 1780. where he was
woun(iecl and captured,
General William Lee Davidson,
killed at Cowan's Ford, October,
(He
Colonel in the Continental Line.)
General John Butler, at Stono, June
20, 1779, at Camden, August 16,
1780 and at Guilford C. H., 16th
t arcn i78j
General William Eaton, at Guilford
C- H f I5th March, 1 781.
Norlh Carolina furnished ten regi-
ments of Regulars to the Continental
1 1 ;ne one batterv of artillerv fKintrs-
bury's) and three companies of Cavalry.
Besides this her militia were frequently
ordered out on "tours of duty." Alone
and unaided they won the brilliant
victories at Moore's Creek, Ramseur's
Mills and King's Mountain, and
helped the Regulars lose the battles'of
Camden and Guilford C. H. They
j ajso shared in the battles of Stono,
Briar Creek. Cowoens and the surren-
; der at Charleston. The North Caro-
lina Continentals rendered efficient
service at Brandywine, Germantown,
Monmouth, Eutaw at the seiges of
Charleston and Savannah, and else
where and formed part of the garrison
of West Point when our General Howe
succeeded Arnold in command there
on the latter's treason and flight.
in" war of 1812-15.
Brigadier Geieral Joseph Graham,
in command of the brigade of North
Carolina and South Carolina troops
sent in 1814 to aid of General Andrew
Jackson in the Creek War. General
Graham had attained the rank of Ma
jor in the Revolutionary War and had
hn harllv wAuivied at th rantnrt? of
Charlotte, 1780.
IN MEXICAN WAR, 1S46-47.
Colonel Robert Treat Paine,
North Carolina Regiment.
Colonel Lois D. Wilson, 1 zth
u.
C Inf.ntrv Hiorlot Vri Cmi nrh
- - - J
August, 181J.
North Carolina had no General in
that war. She furnished one regiment
of volunteers Paine's and one com-
pany to the regular service.
IN THE CIVIL WAR, lS6l 65.
2 Lieutenant Generals :
T. H. Homes.
D. II. Hill.
Major Generals :
Robert Ransom.
W. D. Pender, died of wounds, re
ceived at Gettysburg, in 1863.
W. H. C. Whiting died of wounds
received at Fort Fisher, January, 21,
1865.
S. I). Ramseur, killed at Cedar Run,
1864.
R. F. Hoke.
Bryan Grimes.
23 Brigadier-Generals :
James G. Martin.
Richard C. Galling.
L. O'B. Branch, killed ai Sharps
burg, 17th September, 1S62.
J. Johnston Pettigrew, died of
wounds received at Falling Waters,
July 14, 1863.
Thomas H. Clingman.
Geo. B. Anderson, died of wounds
received at Sharpsburg, 17th Septem
ber, 1862.
Junius Daniel, died of wounds re
ceived at Wilderness, May, 1864.
James H. Lane.
Robert B. Vance, since Member of
Congress.
Matthew W. Ransom, since U. S.
Senator.
Alfred M. Scales, Governor 1 SS5 -89.
Lawrence S. Baker.
William W. Kirkland.
Robert D. Johnston.
Collett Leventhorpe.
James B. Gordon, killed at Yellow
Tavern, nth May, 1864.
Rufus Barringer.
W. Gaston Lewis.
W. R. Cox, since Member of Con
gress. A. C. Godwin, killed at Winches
ter, 1864.
William MacRae.
W. P. Roberts, since State Auditor.
T. F. Toon.
Generals Cook and Iverson com
manded North Carolina brigades, but
they were not North Carolinians, the
first being a Virginian and the latter a
Georgian.
Notwithstanding the State furnished
120,000 troops to the Confederacy, it
had at the close of the war in service
only one Lieutenant General, I). II.
Hill, and three Major Generals, Rob
ert Ransom, Robert F. Hoke and
Bryan Grimes Pender, Whiting and
Ramseur having been killed in battle.
Of her twenty-three Brigadier-Generals
six, (Branch, Pettigrew, Anderson,
Daniel, Gordon and Godwin) were
killed, one was on the retired list, one
in the State service as Adjutant Gen
eral, and four prisoners of war leav
ing 11 in service or at home wounded,
several of our depleted brigades being
commanded by Colonels and Majors,
and one even by a Captain.
At the Appomatax surrender (April
9, 1865), lne parole list shows
from North Carolina one Major Gen
eral, Bryan Grimes, commanding a di
vision, and five Brigadier Generals
were paroled in command of their re
spective brigades, W. R. Cox, William
McRae, James H. Lane, Matthew W.
Ransom and W. P. Roberts. Another
General, Rufus Barringer, had been
captured the week before during the
retreat. "
At Joseph E. Johnston's surrender,
April 26th, 1865, North Carolina had
one Lt. General. I). II. t till, one
Major General, Robert F. Hoke, and
one Brigadier, Kirkland, though Lev-
enthorpe and Baker, with their com
mands were also embraced in the
terms.
To this war North Carolina sent
Regiments and fifteen battalions.
76
Graphic Description.
This is the way "a actor man" told
our scissors editor about a bran new
drama that is very popular now on the
vaudeville stage. The language is
unique:
"I'll tell you about a bloak doing
an act last night down here at a
theatre joint. The rag went up and
there was the queerest lot of mugs on
the stage I ever saw. The main geizer
pretended to be a doctor. He made
out he wanted to hire some one to take
care of the girls in his hospital. The
first bloak that sneaked on was a Jap;
he said he had seen an ad in the morn-
ing newspapers and asked the doctor
if he was in and if he was In he would
like to see him. Afteralot of shassay-1
ing on and off the stage the main guy J
hired him. Next one comes in a Bid-1
dy. Shesaid she was a Desdemona,
and the lastplaceshe worked she was
a chambermaid in a livery stable. Then ;
the main guy fires her out. Then on!
comes a dame looking for her knoU. ,
She meets him; they have a chewing;
match and scrap, when on sneaks a ;
copper and cops the two of them out
and runs them down to the jug. Ihe
noises arouses the iavs that are sup-
posed to be sick; they yell for a glass;
the coon brines on a looking glass.
The main guy makes a roar and say,
... a a- T-1
o ! no j a glass o. water end keep on ttllim
the coon ducks out agin n brings on,. , , 1 . .
, f .(,r Thf main auv avi. 1 OOdV tliat VOU had a
- e - -...'
'Give it to the poor uck bloat.' Ihe
coon throws water in sick mug's mop,!
who makes i beef. Thev scrap all 1
! over the stage, upsets everything and j
' the rag drops. I tell you, me boy, it
t . fc r t 1
r , hogs. exchange.
V' '
' Do not neeleet the symptoms of Impure
1 blood. Do not disregard nature s cry for
1 neiP- l U" iilii uu
t a a rr a I1..J k. n l I 1 a nun aps
arm
and
against serious
prolonged i
suffering.
flood's Pills for the liver and bowels,
aet easily yet promptly and effectively.
vely. j
no. :2.
A MJr
flU-! -San rY
Jtra. J- A. Ratne
North Danville, Vs.
Nerves Unstrung
Weak, No Appetite-Hood's Sarsa
parllla Restored Health.
" Threo yrtr ago I had the grip, which
settled iu my head. It continued to grow
worse and there was no reat for mt. My
limbs felt numb, my nerves avemed to b
unstrung and I had no apix tite. IXctora'
treatment and other medicine failed to
avail me relief. I obtained two bottle
of Hood's Snmaiiariihi, which
Restored Me
to myself. JjlhI July I lx-pan to have bad
ymptoui, and I at once resorted to
Sarsa
parilla Hood's Sarsaparilla. I V
continued until I had HL II I Cl5
taken three bottles, fc
which not only restored my health bat
also cured my baby of a bunch and did
him a gnat deal of good." Mrs. Emmit
A. Kaisky, North Danville, Va.
Hood's Pills iiro purely Ti-RoUliIe, ear,
fully prepared from tho best Ingredients. 23c
VIRGINIA COLLEGE,
For YOUNG LADIES, Roanoke, Va.
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Schools for Youiia Ladies in the South.
MaKiiiticeiit buildings, nil moiteni improve
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course. Superior advantages 111 Ait ami
Music. Students from twenty States. For
catalogue address the 1'rcsideut,
YV. A. I1AKU1S, 1). 1., Koanake, Va.
riirEn7"aitni.i7v.iii
Glass!
Quick!
Thre'n lotsof utiapnnd s
vim In thiN II 1 mm' -ItooTHKKK.
There'll loin
of pleaktirn and kcmkI g
health In it, loo. A te-
llrloua drink, u lenier-
mice drink, a Iioiii-
iniido drink, a drink
that dellKhU tho old
and yoiinir- It ""re
ana net tho genuine
IMRES'Rootbeer
g A Ii cent 1 tcktre mk, i fillotn. SuM nj,ri.
THE CHA8. E. HIRE8 COMPANY,
I PHILADELPHIA, PA.
ikiiiuui
The Leading Consenratory of America
Carl t aultes, Uircctur.
founded ill Of
E.Tour14o. --" IIINO
IP' 7. M1J3
ofj
cnrl f'r Proipectus
cirinc full iufurmatirjn.
HAKIC W. Half, trtrneral Manafer.
('htrhntrr'a t'.allh !!
o4 Kmi
Pennyroyal pills
In .taaiii f' Mftl
tfaiila(.. ttj
Mall. I,MM luoioell.. Htm I'afr.
Sold bj uti Luemi WulikM.
sf 111
9 II !.
I HhU?
4
OrlflHl O.II !. Ml
Arc. ) trlltUe. wmn Ml i
liriurrlrt nr fhu-krurt In Mfy
m.mS BA In ttrd u4 U SSUl7
Ihom lmi with bliw rtMiua. TST JW
fto. uf tNHfatbm.. At lrtMtit. r .
1 n
I ' PARKER'S
-'CS; HAIR BALSAM
JS J ClrtUMr Biid brauMiea th hair.
fJ0 1 I'rorrifites a. luiurisiit yrowtH.
ajT-C- J er Faila to itrrtur Oray
fiRCv r-T Hair to lta Toulhrul Color,
lfttr ' 4 Cure "tip .1 hif fa.liug.
J&fC j -,nl l '"at ln.i-?lU
fsT1, MHZ lirUn I
I : Parkor'a Umiiir l uulu. it " ' -rt l iuru.
Wik I.ui r". IMiiity, I rul K-tijn, l':. Take in tun, aula,
HINQERCORNS. Th ';7,'' ''"y-
btup aTTpaia. E. Al m,ju, or UlaCOX a CO., 1.
IF YOU HAD
A Load
Of wood
TO SELL
and told every man you met
that vou had a load of wood
j man
' . . n
met would in turn tell every
man he met that you had a
load of wood to sell, it would,
jn time, hecf)me pretty well
cirt.uatc(1 that j, a
. , r , 11 1 1
wool i hut
not cut it short not the
wood, but the method and
pacc a jr0od advertisement in
a j ncwsp!ipcr anj so tcH
. . 11 . . ,
everybody AT om 1:? "Delays
j are
tianifcrou:
1
ana a oou
1 1
; newsoarer ad would start 111
! v. herc the last man left ofF
i
every
load of
' i ii i". a .1
; woou to sen. oee me point:
Notice.
i TTAVI.Vl QUALIFIED as EXKCU-
j LJL tor ot the latst will and testament of
Thomas A. Iavi. deceased, 1 notify all
. : t . l.i... ,v
( exhibit the same to me 0.1 or before the
Trsons navmc ciawu tiiAitit m...
12th dsy.of Jnly, W, or this notice, win
, m piniura 111 uw "i "J " "".v.r'
. 1 M . .1 :!...'.. r. n nt 1 1 . tliuralilh(in
.lulv xth. 1'J."..
K. O. IiL'TLEK. DAUNfcv, X.
: HeuUwh utopord in 30 mlnnt by Dr.
j MUi" l'Aia Vuaa -Unco centaaone.

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