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The gold leaf. [volume] (Henderson, N.C.) 1881-1911, February 13, 1896, Image 1

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A Good Advertisement
In u live, progressive paper, that
has ag, character, eireulation, influ
ence and tin; respK-t of its readers,
comes ni'iiriT prolucing revits than
any other method. It is worth your
while to consider the (Joi.o Leak
VOL.. XV.
HENDERSON, N. C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1896.
1 A
' '
THiD R. MANNING, Publister. " 0s.oiL,i3sr, Oa.ox-i3Sta., Heaven's Blessings Attend Her7 " SDBSCR1PTI0H $1 CO Casb
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Weak, Irritable,Tired
I Was No Good on Earth."
Dr. Miles' Nervine strengthens
the- weak, l.nilds up the broken
down constitution, and permanently
cures every kind of nervous disease.
"About one year ago luasaJtlcted
uith nervoustiem:, uleepli'sunesa,
Creeping sensation in my legs,
Slight palpitation cf my heart,
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Serious loss or lapse of memory.
Ueiyhted doirn irith earti and
trorry. I completely lost appetite
A nd felt m y vitality teetering out,
M teas teeak, irritable: and tired,
Sly treiyht teas reduced to 1GO lbs.,
In faet M was no good, on earth.
A friend brought
me Dr. Miles' book,
"New and Stnrt
liu Facts," and
I finally decided
to try a bottle of
In. Milks' Kc
orativc Nervine.
::fore. I had taken
one bottle. I could
sU-ep as well a.-j a
l'j-yr.-old boy. My
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gr.ntiy Increased.
II hen I had taken the rijeth bottle
My treiyht increased to JT3 hs.,
lite sensation in it'.y legs teas gone;
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Sty memory iras fitUy restored.
Sly bra in seemed clearer than ere r.
I felt as fjotd a tt a zy i:ik n 0:1 earth.
Jtr. Sliles' Itentorative. Kct-vtnc, in
A great medicine, I assure, you.'
Augusta. Me. Wai.tek K. Brr.aAKK.
Tr. Miles' Nervine Is sold en positive
guarantee that the lirc.f bottlo will i.-reiit.
All iirufri'.-iK''!i It at SJ, G bottles for?.", or
It v til te bent, prepaid, on receipt of prico
by tholir. MileaMedicu.1 Co., F.ikhurt, lad.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
Restores Health
FRANCIS A. MACON,
Siirucon Dentist,
H F.MtKkSON, NOR TH CAROLINA
Allwoik in operative ami mechanical
dc:.i-iry. No charge for examination .
oilice : Ir. ISovd's old rooms, over
Cooper & Mitchell's store.
J.
11. issei im;i:i:s.
A I' I'OliN KY AT
HKNIIKltSON,
Oilice: In Harris' law
court house.
dec:il-t;i
liAW,
."N . '
intililini; neai
I'. S. II AUKIS,
DEISTTIST,
HENDERSON',
N. C
;-tJi :tic
Mieet.
ver K. ti. Davi
store, Ma-n
San. 1-a.
ALEX. T. BAKNES.
Ulldert'lkCr & PllllitlllllCr
" ' j
PKM.Klt IN
Fine and Mediuiii Grade Fnrnitnre. &c,
TI I'KKU lll ll. PINO,
rtHNIMiRSOX. N. C.
GET THE BEST.
That's the Kind I Keep, j
t.
I would most respect fill I inform the
public that I am at my ame old -r in.f,
near Dorsey'tf (Irnu. store wltwiv 1 nave a
complete assortment of
WHISKIES BRANDIES,
"WIIfcTIES.
TOEACCO, CIGARS, &c,k
Nothing hut l'l'UK (iOODS allowed to
come in mv house. My
PURE OLD CORN WHISKEY
Excels anything in Henderson, the so
called Cooper Corn not excepted. All I
ask is a trial, and vou will he convinced.
Mv prices are LOW Ell than the lowest.
TERMS CAMI. Give me a call.
S. S. WHITTEN
1IENDEKSON, N. C.
of all Cough Medicines
is Dr. Acker's English Rem
edy. It will stop a cough in
one night, check a cold in
one day, prevent croup, re
lieve asthma, and cure con
sumption, if taken in time.
It is made on honor, from the
purest ingredients and con
tains neither opium nor mor
phine. If the little ones have
croup or whooping cough,
use it promptly.
Thre Sues 25c, 50c and $ J per bottle.
At Druggists.
ACKER MEDICINE CO.,
x6 and xS Chambers Street, New York.
Sales-flnents Wanted for Madeto
Measure & Readij Made Clothing bu Sample.
Very lowest prices for best ClothiHS. Lib
r i.ii commissions are paid, tnersetic so
ljcitini; agents can make from one to three
inousaiui i.ollars yearly. Storekeepers can
auppiy ineniseives without canyin stock
Send three references.
WANAMAKER & BROWN,
Philadelphia, Ia.
MM
f be m$t
STUDYING THE SOUTH.
A BRIGHT AND TALENTED WOMAN WHO
IS MAKING A TOUR
Of the Southern States With a View
to Familiarizing Herself With the
Industrial, Commercial and Social
Conditions of This Section of the
Country Some Opinions Expressed
as a Result of Her Observations.
Manufacturers' Iiecord.J
"She is one woman who always
talks interestingly, and from whom a
newspaper man can always get a good
story."
This expression came from Mr. Bart
Arkell, editor of Leslie" s Weekly and
j one of the owners of Judge. He was
i speaking of a woman whose name is
! familiar to all newspaper, magazine
and book readers the world over
i Mrs. French, Sheldon, African explo
i rer, literateur and cosmopolitan. Mrs.
; Sheldon has been in Atlanta several
times within the past year. Yesterday
! she came in from a trip through Ala
bama. She is in the South studying
t he industrial situation for some Eng
lish newspapers and as the representa-
live of some London capitalists, who
desire to know something of the possi
bilities and the social conditions of
this section. Englishmen always send
over a representative to report on the
conditions and the possibilities of a
community before investing in its rail-
ways or manufactures. It is quite a j
common thing for bankers and other
leading business men of Atlanta to be
called on by a special agent of some
English syndicate and questioned
abmt this or that enterprise, or the
chances of success of a new factory
in tins town or a new railroad through
that territory.
Mrs. Sheldon, who is at the Aragon,
says that she will spend six months in
the South in this work. Early yester
day morning she was out going from
mill to factoty, viewing the processes .
of making cotton cloths, the manufac-
ture of fertilizers and the operations of
two or more other industries. Every-
whejB she asked many questions of the
managers and the operatives. She is
a closejobserver, and is going deep into
the subject. "I have discovered sev- '.
j eral things which impress me," she
i said to a representative of the Consti
tution. "I have figures here which
w.ll open the e)es of the English peo
ple on the cost of manufacturing vari
ous articles. It is my judgment that
the delay in establishing industrial en
terprises in the South is destined to
! prove a blessin,'. While the North
and England have been experimenting
with thi a.ni that mechanical appli-
a nee the South has been husbanding
her strength. Now she is ready 10
avail herself of the experiments which
others have made. Mills can now be
put up for much less money than for-
merly, and there will be much less cap-
itai invested to earn interest upon. ;
Bricks and lumber are very much
cheaper here than in the North. Col- ;
ton can be laid down at the doors of
the Southern mills at much smaller
cost than the Northern spinners have
to pay for it. In a large factory this
difference in cost amounts to a good
dividend. Theie is no question about
the South manufacturing the finer
grades of goods in a Utile while. There ,
are some things which need to be
looked after, though. The employ
ment of child labor in the mills will
have to be regulated by the legislatures. 1
Children of ten and under ought not
to be at work in the factories. Lmd
is cheap down here and the operatives
should be encouraged to have their
js:'
True, they do not have lo
pay much lur their meat, ureaa aixi
vegetables, but they could raise many
things even cheaper than ihey can buy
them. I have talked to the manageis
of a number of mills, and have secured ,
the actual figures on the cost of manu- :
facluring. ;
"You know there is one thing a'o jut
the industrial future of the South
wnich will impress the capitalist every
time in your favor, and that is, the
ab?ence of labor troubles. Vou have
not the walking delegate in the mills
here to any extent, the tendency is
to scatter new mills and not build up
great manufacturing communities,
such as Lowell, in New England, or
Manchester, in England. Labor is 'dinner diet from a kidney-stew allow
happier in the South than anywhere j ance-
else in the world. In England, where i He has no right to give his wife $2
I lived for twenty years, the mill oper- j a week pin money and expect hef to
ators work day after day in over pay the gas bill and keep herself and
crowded rooms, with a dull, damp, ' the children dressed,
smoky atmosphere outside. These ; He has no right to save his good
things have a depressing effect on the j manners and good humor for corn
people. That cannot be disputed. In ' pany.
France the sky is sunnier than in Eng- 1 He has no right to come home wilh
land, but the conditions are not so a ha,cnet cast of countenance and
propitious as they are in the Souih. I : miirder ,he innocent pleasures of the
really believe that this is the coming j ljule unfortunates who call him
part of ihe globe. I have been every- j fJtilcr
where, but in no country have 1 found i , . . . ,
... ' , i He has a right to remember that he
such auspicious surroundings as are , . c ., ... .
.r. . c c r, owes his family everything, and that
presented in the Southern States. Lv-! , . J f ,. . ,.
, . , i r . to deserve the respect and love of his
erything is waiting here, ready for th ; , . ., r.
3 . , . , , , , ' boys and girls and the consideration
man of affairs to take hold and de i , . , , . f . , ,
velop.
"This magnificent exposition is
going to bring about great things for
all the country around. Its concep
tion and execution were an inspira
tion. In my travels through neigh
borhood States I have seen the upris
ing of a new hope and a greater faith
in the immediate future. Men are
more enthusiastic about everything ladies who had given it a trial who could
thin thev were a vear or even MX coiue to any other conclusion. It cures ul
tnan tney were a year or even six cerations, displacements, remove sthe ten
months ago. They tell me everywhere der.cy to cancerous affections and corrects
that in the past ninety days thev have all unratural discharges. To those about
, , . , . to become mothers, it is a real boon, for
felt a new blood, as it were, couismg it lessens the pains and perils of childbirth
through th. ir veins. Atlanta has promotes the secretien of an abundance of
. a 0 nf ,.a , . i XT nourishment for the child and shortens
caught the eyes of the world. Nor is the period of confinement.
Atlanta alone, but all the country j
around that is being observed. Capi- j
tal will seek this field because it is in
viting. The prospect for returns on
invested capital is brighter here than
in any other field of labor which I
know. The unimproved lands are
bound to be in demand, for a tide of
settlers is about to pour in. The
country is going to fill up and real es
tate in the interior as well as in the
towns and cities is certain to enhance
in value. It is remarkable that real
estate has not depreciated here in
Atlanta during the past three years,
for it has gone down almost every
where else. I could name some North
ern and Western towns where city
property has shrunk from 10 to 50 per
cent. In Atlanta and neighboring
cities there is a strong tone to the real
estate market. So long as land
brings a good paice you may depend
upon it that a community is doing well.
When real estate weakens something
is wrong somewhere.
"I did not know until I came down
here that the South is the true America.
Here the Saxon blood is purest. The
North and the West are mixtures. Out
on the plantations much of the old feu
dal system remains. But a change is
coming. With the infusion of new
blood and rotation and overlapping
of crops, many changes will take place.
Cotton means a few months of work
and cessation from work in a large
measure the rest of the year. This
has a bad effect on farm labor, which
is most profitable when most busily en
gaged."
Mrs. Sheld n says she intends to
visit all the experimental farms in the
S uth. " The man who demonstrates
what the soil and climate will do is a
blessing to his section. Scientific ex
periments are of inestimable value to a
State."
She will do Georgia thoroughly.
She says that she has no interest in
any one section of the South more
than in another. She thinks that she
can interest foreign capital to invest
here. Upon the completion of her
woik she will give fome lectures be-
fore commercial bodies in New Eng-
land before sailing for Europe, where
she is engaged to address some of the
leading commercial organizations, as
well as to contribute to a number of
papers. She leaves Atlanta this morn
ing. Atlanta Constitution.
Mrs. Frei ch Sheldon, the Afanufac
titres' Recoid is informed, is making
a study of every phse of Southern life
and business for the purpose of pre
senting this section in us true light
through a number of the foremost Eu
ropean journals. She is of Southern
descent, if not of Southern birth, and.
although living abroad for many years,
and one of the world's most widely-
known women a traveler, an explorer,
an author, and the owner and mana-
ger of a large London publishing
house she has taken a deep interest in
Southern affairs.
UNCONSCIOUS SERVICE.
f Margaret J. Preston, in Lippincott.l
"The Bee" she sighed "that haunts the
clover
Has nature's errand to fulfill;
The bird that skims the azure over
Bears living seeds within his bill.
"Without a pause, his flight pursuing,
He drops them on a barren stand,
And turns, unconscious of the doing,
The waste into a pasture land.
"1. craving service willingly choosing
To fling broadcast some golden grain
Can only sit in silent nursing.
And weave my litanies of pain."
I, making answer, softly kissed her:
"All nature's realm of bees and birds
What is such ministry, my sister.
Compared with your enchanted words?
"The seed your weakenrd hand is sowing
May ripen to a harvest,
Which yet may help without your know
ing. To till the granaries of God!" '
The Rights of Husbands.
It is a divine privilege to be head
of a family, and man has no right to
abuse that privilege.
He has no right to ill use or neglect
the woman who took him 'for better
' or worse."
j Hn(. nM ,;u. . crA nnfi frr:r
children.
He has no right to quarrel with his
daily
bread.
has no right to
i He nas no r,Sllt lo exPect a game
Ht
lor any man.
A Jury Composed of Women.
Such an announcement may seem strange,
but it is a fact. The jury was an immense
one too. and the trial lasted for many
years. We refer to the tiial of Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription. As to its merits,
there has been an unanimous verdict ren
dered in its tavor. Indeed it would be
impossible to get together any number of
KWlXMTiQ TO TE Ta7aH I
HOW THE OLD TIME PLANTATION DARK
IES ENJOYED IT.
Folk Miller Writes About the Cele
bration of the Glorious Holiday Sea
son in His Boyhood Days Draws a
Contrast Between Christmas in
Town and in the Country. The Old
Fashion Hare Hunt.
Polk Miller in Richmond Dispatch. 1
Talk about your Christmas in town,
they "ain't nothin' " to the times we
boys used to have in the country in the
good old ante-bellum days. For
weeks before the teams were kept busy
hauling wood and piling it up in front
of the negro cabins, and the planta
tion hands had no work of any kind
to do from Christmas-Eve to the 2d
of January. Cake-baking on the part
of the house-women took up the time
of the ladies of the household who
superintended the work for ten days
before the holidays, while the music of
the wood choppers could be heard for
miles on a still morning. The negroes
who waited in the "great house" did
not look forward to the coming of
Xmas with the same degree of pleasure
that the farm hands did, for a greater
number of fires were needed, and the
duties greatly increased.
The plantation hands had but to sit
by the fire, eat cold possum and oven
bread, smoke their corn-cob pipes, and
enjoy themselves. "Every dog has his
day," and here's where the field
hands had the best of the waiting
maids and dining-room servants. The
outfielders on a farm were like the
players on a base ball nine. They did
not have the same amount of no
lice "tooken of 'em" of those who
were nearest the "diamonds" and
were not so badly spoiled, but when
Christmas came the dining-room "and
hall were blocked with them, from
the old gray-haired cart-driver, with
his clothes patched with every variety
of cloth and sewed with thread a
dozen different colors, down to the
watermelon-headed urchin of ten years,
who kept his "gran' mammy" busy
watching him, to see that he ate no
dirt, their voices might be heard call
ing Krismus gif, ole marse, Krismus
gif, ole miss! Then would begin the
handing-out of presents suited to the
ages of the different recipients of "Ole
Master's kind 'membrunce of de ole
nigger at Krismus." Their wants were
few, but their gratitude (always tem
porary with the negro) found expres
sion in the most hearty cry of"thanky,
suh, and thanky marm." They had
no use for money, but a piece of "ole
mistis' Krismus cake" to tie women
and a glass of eggnog to the men
brought more real happiness than a
five-dollar bill or gold-piece would to
the average negro of to-day.
The pleasure we derive from seeing
our little ones creep gently into the
parlor on a Christmas morning where
the goodies are stored, and to watch
their excited face as one after another
thing is unfolded to view, and see
them try to munch a piece of candy,
blow a horn, and hold the reins of a
liobby-horse, all at one time, lasts but
a moment. They soon grow to be
men and women, and "put away child
ish things," and we as parents, real
ize before we know it that we are
looked upon as "old folks now" and
it fills us with regret that we cannot
as we once did, enjoy the return of
the happiest of all other days days to
parents-Christmas morning.
Not so with the old Southern slave
owner, for he could look forward year
after year to the welcome visits of those
dear old friends who from our infancy
to manhood we had been taught to
respect and always to treat kindly,
because they had been the constant
playmates and companions of our
mothers and fathers. The house
women did not share with their own
ers in the pleasure which these visits
brought. W'nh a contemptuous curl
of the lip they'd say: "I does wish to
Gord dat Krismus wouldn't come no
mo' so I could keep dese 're planta
tion niggers out'er dis house. Dey
gits in de way and dey does bring
tracks wid dier muddy feets dat it ticks
me a moct to clean up."
This is not said in a whisper, but
boldly, in the hearing of them all, and
a perfect chorus of voices is heard from
the visitors in reply. "Jes" list'n to
dat stuck-up nigger wench! We s got
jes as much right to be in dis house
as she are! Jes' kase she stay in de house
wid de white folks all de time she
think she sump'n extry! Wid all dat
she ain' nothin' but a nigger after all,
an' de sass'is one on dis place, too."
Some big, black negro woman who
can plow as well as a man, and who
can keep her end with a hoe in corn
or tobaco field with the best man on
the farm, gives her a side-swiping look
such as no other but a mad nigger
can wear, and remarks, to the delight
of the crowd. "Ef dat nigger doan'
mine out I'll ketch her outside 'er dis
yard some o dese days, an' I'll broke
'er in halt." Talk about your "bon
ton" society people who put on airs
as they parade the streets in their
gaudy attire, and then become sudden
ly blind as they see an old acquaint
ance whose heart has never changed,
but whose daddy got poor on the same
investment that made hers rich, they
are not a "patching" to the "frills"
which the "ladies' waiting maid" put
I on as she met with those whose labor
: kept up the appearances which enabled
1 her to soar so loftily.
Reader, did you ever eat a pig tail
broiled on hot coals from a hickory-
wood-fire? If you have not, then your
boyhood was a failure. I have tasted
and on or two occasions in ray
life I have dined at Delrnonico's (on '
invitations, of course); but nothing- I
the line of the culinary art has ever 1
given me such satisfaction as the pig- j
tails I've stolen from a long line of j
hogs that were hung up to dry j
and freeze when a boy "down on the i
farm."
And the old hare-hunts we'd have!
T'ne l.ieep Run fellows are chasing
nothing but shadows? If they could
but once witness the exciting scenes
of an old-fashioned Christmas "hyar
hunt," with a mixture of the finest
strain mongrel, curs, bencf legged,
fice, free niggers and slaves all in
pursuit of "Old Molly Cotton Tail" on
a cold frosty morning in Christmas,
they would sell out their outfit of dogs
and horses and try fishing in a wash
tub in the backyard for sport less
expensive, and as exciting. The fel
lows raised up in town think they are
mighty smart, and they are about
pool, poker, and yachting; and are
right "in it" when you come to "dan
cm' and flirtin' " with the girls but
when you come to comparing him
with the country boy in his knowledge
of those things which make life-worth
living, and bring peace and comfort
to old age, when the minds feeds on
the things of the past, the country
boy has forgotten more than he will
ever know.
Our "M. H." (master of hunt) was
Unc' Jack the lanner. The next in
command was Josh Mottley, the cele
brated fiddler. These negroes were al
lowed to do about as they pleased; and
in owning them a man would feel
rich; for what they brought home each
year for their services would buy al
most any other negro. The name of
Josh Mottley was well known to the
habitue of the White Sulphur and the
Rockridge Alum Springs along in the
50's, and doubtless many who will
read this will recall the happy hours
they've spent in dancing the old fash
ioned cotillions, mazurkas, and waltzes
which Josh ground out of his fiddle.
Theodore Thomas might turn up his
nose at his music, and call him that
"nigger fiddler," but the world would
be happier to-day if we had more
of that kind of music. If old Josh
was living to-day 'twould set him
crazy to see ur young people, locked
in each other's embraces, and sailing
around the ball-room floor, out
of
time, thinking more about the
hug-
ging than they are of the music. He
would say, "Little mistis, ef you don't
dance wid de music, it puts me out!"
But I am disgressing, I am too old to
enjoy the modern dance, and lest I
be considered an enemy to the "new
woman" or envious of my juniors, I
will drop the subject of the dance and
come back to the hare hunt.
Unc' Jack bossed all the actors, the
whites as well as the biacks on Christ
mas occasions, and when the old fel
low would speak every one obeyed him
to ihe letter. "Now," said he, "de fus'
one dat jumps a hyar, I will give 'im
a pack o' popcrackers!" That was
enough, for nothing would make a boy
hunt harder or holler louder when he
bounced a rabbit than this. Such a
whoopin' and a hollerin' and a callin'
o' dogs as, would be heard on the start
ing of a hare was enough to excite a
man with iron nerves. My dog-; were n t
accustomed to such a fuss and would
lose their heads completely, running
to where they heard the last call, only
to be brought back again into another
part of the field. It was just impossible
to tell where to go for everybody was
a hollerin'. The poor little hare, was
doomed to die when once started. There
were so many negroes and dogs, it
she went out of sight of one she was
in full view of another, while the air
was literally filled with rocks and
sticks which were hurled att her with
out any sort of consideratio . for the
safety of the huntsmen. We had a
cross-eyed negro, who saw a hare in
the bed about two feet from my setter
dog on a point. As he could see the
hare and I couldn't I handed him the
gun and told him to shoot it. When
the smoke cleared away I had a dead
dog, but the hare was gone.
We had a negro who stammered.
When he went to tell you anything I I think the responsibility would be de
you could walk forty feet and come I clined by every British statesman to
back in time to hear what he had to wham it could possibly be made,
say. This same negro was never at a j Well, then, if we are absolutely at
loss for a word wheua hare was started, j one both with President Monroe and
He called the dogs with as much vim j with the great body of opinion in the
as any one. "Here she! dar she go!,i United States of America upon this
Ketch her, Ginger!" He was known as j subject , you will ask me what is the
the best man on the place to make quirrel about and I do not k .ow
music on a tinpan and call out the (laughter) that I should be able to
figures of a negro "breakdown." j give you a very clear or intelligible
Appomattox was not only the end answer as to exictly what it was that
of the Confederacy, but it brought to j was objected to in our course by ihe
an end those happy days of the old
Southern plantation negro, as well a-?
to his old marster. The Northern peo-
pie, in their ignorance, clamored for
i the abolition of the negro, laboring
under one impression that we whip
! ped 'em for the fun of the thing, and
! at night rounded 'em up like a lot of
j cattle; but as long as there is left in
! the South an honest, truthful old
time "howdy, Mariter," negro of the
good old days gone-by he'll tell you
that the accomplishment of the free
dom of the negro for which Horace
Greely and Wendell Philips labored
so hard and so long, took out of his
life those rays of sunshine which mide
him not only the happiest creature on
I earth, but the subject of story ami
; song which delight the people of the
i South who knew him, loved him, an 1
i whose like the world will never, never
'' see again. Will the young negro of
to-day ever have a book written about
him? Polk Miller.
ENGLAND AND AMERICA.
THE REAL ENGLISH SENTIMENT TOWARD
THE UNITED STATES.
Speech of rir. Arthur James Balfour,
First Lord of The Treasury, in Lon
don, January 15th, i8o6-rr2!?rnal
Expressions of International Good
Will There Should be No War Be
tween These Powers.
r London Times,; Jan. lGth.;
I turn from the continent of Africa
to the continent of America, and I
ask you to turn your attention for a
very few minutes to the embarrass
ments and controversies which have
recently arisen in that continent in
connection with a boundary dispute,
which has now dragged its slow length
along, decade after decade, between
us and the Republic of Venezuela. In
itself, as you well know, this question
would not have engaged all your at
tention, and would not have seemed in
any way a matter of first-rate impor
tance, had it not been for the views
expressed and for the action taken by
the Government of the United States
of America. You will ask, naturally
enough, whuinterest, what direct in
terest, have the United States of Amer
ica in the discussion upon this boun
dary question which concerns not
North America but South America,
and whe 1 it is removed from the
United Stales of America by hundreds
of miles of land and water? The an
swer to thatquestion is that the Amer
ican people seem to entertain the sus
picion that in the action we have taken
with regard to Venezuela we have run
counter to the doctrine long celebrated
in the New World as the Monroe doc
trine. What is the Monroe doctrine? What
is the doctrine expressed by President
Monroe now some 70 years and more
ago? It was a doctrine with which
we at the time, the British Govern
ment of the day, heartily concurred,
and it was directed against the action
of certain European powers which de
sired to intervene in the domestic af
fairs of the South American States, and
to impose upon them a form of gov
ernment from the outside; and the
Monroe doctrine, as expressed by Pres
ident Monroe, really in substance
amounts to this that America, North
and South, is no longer to be regarded
as a field for European colonization,
and that European nations are not to
be regarded as having a tille to inter
fere in the domestic affairs of States
situated in the New World. The Brit
ish Government, as I have told you,
of President Monroe's days not only
concurred in that but gave it their
active support, and I have yet to learn
that upon the substance of this doc
trine the British Government have
ever altered their minds. I do not
believe that it you were to ransack
England from endtoend, that if you
were to look into the most private
memoranda of the Foreign Office
through the two generations which
have passed away since President Mon
roe's Messige, if you were to look
among Ministers, among the ordinary
public, ani'io even ths ciotcheteers of
the lunatics (1 mlveij, you would find
one single mdi-alual who ever de
sired to see im js called the "forward
policy" adoj i by Great Britian
either in Nortu ur in South America.
(Hear, hear.) We are content and
have always been content, both in
North America and in South America,
to do our best by the colonies we pos
sess, to do our duty both to develop
them, and, if need be, to protect them.
(Hear, hear.) But we have never de
sired, and we do not now desire, either
to interfere with the domestic con
cerns of any South American State, or
to acquire for ourselves any territory
that belongs to them. Indeed, I be
lieve that if one of those revolutions
which are said to be not unknown in
Venezuela (laughter) were to end in a
proposition from the Venezuela s
themselves that we should add Vene
zuela to the possessions of the British
Crown, that we should take it under
our protection and incorporate it with
our E npire, though the honor of such
; a request would be highly appreciated,
Government of the United States.
Bit, then, I will say that our contro
versy with Venezuela is, as I have told
you, a controversy of very old stand
ing. It has come before Government
after Government drawn from both
I pjliticaPparties, and extending over
j generation after generation, and the
! documents connected with it are,
i therefore, necessarily voluminous. We
have presented to the country in a de
spatch which is in the hands, or may
be in the hands of all who desire it
he general heads of our view of the
case, but we are now I mean the
Foreign office actively engaged in
the labor of compiling and of bring
ing together every document of im
portance bearing upon the case, and
as soon as that can be done it shall be
laid before Parliament and before the
country. (Hear, hear.) I understand
from the ordinary sources of informa-
j t ion that the Government of the
United States have appointed a Com
mission to investigate the same snh
ject, and surely with all this mass of
material ueiore the public of both
countries it will be hard indeed if the
common sense of the Anglo-Saxon
race (hear, hear) is not able to settle
any point in dispute without the arbi
trament of war. (Cheers.)
. But I should not be consulting', my
own I'eeliDgs in thismatter were I to
avoid touching upon another aspect of
this controversy with Ahicrjeaich
I confess, comes nearer to my heart
than any technicalities with regard
to the Venezuelan boundary or the in
terpretation of President Monroe's
doctrine. I have been deeply and
painfully impressed by the different at
titude, the different mode in which we
on this side of the Atlantic look at the
question of war from that which ap
pears to be taken by some sections of
the American population upon the
other side. To us I speak for myself,
and I think I speak for those whom I
am addressing the idea of war with
the United States of America carries
with it something of the unnatural
horror of a civil war. (Hear, hear.)
War with any nation is a contingency
to bea voided atalmost all costs, ex
cept the cost of dishonor, but war
with the United States appears to have
an additional horror of its own born
of the fact that those whom we should
be fighting are our own flesh and blood
(Hear, hear), speaking our own lan
guage, sharing our own civilization.
(Cheers.) I feel, so far as I can speak
for my countrymen, that our pride in
the race to which we belong is a pride
which includes every English-speaking
community in the world. (Hear,
hear.) We have a domestic patriot
ism as Scotchmen or as Englishmen
or as Irishmen, or what you will. We
have an Imperial patriotism as citizens
of the British Empire. But surely, in
addition to that we have also an Anglo
Saxon patriotism which embraces with
in its ample folds the whole of that
great race which has done so much in
every -branch of human effoit, and
above all in that branch of human ef
fort which has produced free institu
tions and free communities. (Cheers.)
I have sorrowfully to admit that this
view does not seem as yet to be
shared by the English-speaking people
in the United States of America.
Large4 sections of them, at all events,
if I may judge from the reports in the
newspapers which is all that I have
to judge by large sections of them
seem to regard a war with this coun
try as a thing to be lightly indulged
in, an exhilarating exercise, a genile
national stimulous. To me that is
a terrible, a distressing, and a horrible
point of view, and I do not believe,
that it is the point of view that will
be permanently adopted by any large
section in the United States. (Cheers.)
We may be taxed with being idealists
and dreamers in this matter. I would
rather be an idealist and a dreamer;
and I look forward with confidence to
the lime when our ideals will have
become real an our dreams will be
embodied in actual political fact.
(Hear, hear.) It cannot but be that
those whose national roots go down
into the same past as our own, who
share our language, our literatu-e, our
laws, our religion everything that
makes a nation great and who share
in substance our institutions it can
not but be that the time will come
when they will feel that they and we
have a common duty to perform, a
common office to fulfill among the na
tions of the world. fCheexs.") The
time will come, the time must come,!
when some one, some statesman of au
thority, more fortunate even than
President Monroe, vill lay down the
doctrine between English-speaking
people that war is impossible, and
then it will be seen that every man
who by rash action or hasty word
makes ihe preservation of peace diffi
cult, or if may be impossible, has com
mitted a crime, not only against his!
own country, not only against that
other country to whom he has invited
war, but against civilization itself.
May no English statesman and no
English party ever have the responsi
bility'of that crime heavy upon their
souls.
I have been almost inevitably com
pelled to dwell to-night upon topics,
disquieting topics, topics it may be j
full of difficulty and of menace for the
future; but think not, I beseech you,
that I at this moment take a pessimis
tic view cf the future of the countrv.
Speaking for myself, I do not believe i
that public opinion on either side of
the Atlantic or in Europe will permit I
the outbreak of a war whose end no
man can foresee. I'Hear, hear, and I
cheers.) I would not have you, there
fore, leave this room under the impres
sion that I am a prophet of evil things,
or thai I look forward to dark days
for the Empire of which we are citi
zens. That is not the case. (Cheers.)
We, afier all, have no cause of quarrel
that I can discover with any nation,
large or small, powerful or insignifi
cant, upon the face of the world.
(Cheers.) We desire no man's terri
tory. We wish not to interfere with
any present interest or any legitimate
ambition which any State may pos
sess. Ojt own work within our own
sphere is sufficient lor us. (Cheers.)
That will tax our energies to the ut
most, and that will supply lo states
man all 1 Hf material uhtr-h iViav mat
j require for the most energetic labor
, for the development of Britian and the
' British Empire. But if it needs must
be that war shall come, which I do not
believe I do not think that it is a
contingency of which we hive at the
present moment any special reason to
be afraid (Hear, hear,) the British
Empire is not like the Spanish Empire
of the 17th century, a helpless hulk
lying upon the waters, tempting dep
redation by its wealth, but unable b?
weakness to beat off the deprjtf Xtori'
No, gentlemen, there never 5 a . lo
met, I believe, in the re;nt his;or
of this country when the British - Em'
pire was a belter fight intnachine thaQ
it is at the present ijto,e. (Cheers.)
The enrrgeuc rfTorts f successive Gov.
1. principally uf ,he Unionist
CovermenfjrfleaT; near) which existed
between 1886 ami 1892, and the
Home Rule Government which suc
ceeded them between 1892 and 1S95,
chiefly through their efforts in the last
decade or more, an addition has leen
made to the fighting power of the Em
pire, ot which tlv Empire itself, I be
lieve, is unaware. (Hear, hear.) I
do not think lhat this force will be
railed upon to act, but if by any mis
chance if by the madness of peoples
or the ambition of rulers it should
unhappily be that we have again lo do
wnat our lorelathers did before us
namely, to fight for our country I do
not believe for one instant that we
shall be found unprepared, or that ihe
result of that contest will he nthpr
than it has been in the past, or that
we shall come out of it with dimin
ished glory or diminished power.
(Loud cheers. )
BUY
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Standard
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m everywhere acknowledged
tu J'Jducttor, Scholar $, the
Prei and the Public to be
THE BEST FOR ALL PURPOSES.
It is the Latest and Most Complete.
Cont'ns Wil ,KH5 wordH, many thousand
inure ihan any (iK-tionary ever ml
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and Editors were engaged iu l(H
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Its Definitions are Clear and Exact.
President Milne, or New York Htuf
Normal College, s:iys Its definition
are Ix-st to Ik- found anywhere. Score
oferitics say the same.
Its Etymologies are Sound.
They are -K-ci:tlly ''.ili'j. li'le.l ly
the Atlantic Monthly, itoston,
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It is a Government Authority.
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