rtisin Brings Success. j
;ivsto a-lvt-rlisf ii.theGoLDj
As an Advertising Medium
L;; i", is shown by ith well
filled itilvTtini nncolu runs
SENSIBLE BUSINESS MEN
The ISold LfcAK taudft m tl lun.iot
IF . . i ,
BRIGHT TOBiCCO DlSTRlinx
iu nt ;.-on 1 iniie to Hpvrid fc
irool mony where no J
1:1 hit- ret urns are seen .
The most id-k ii
That is Proof that it pays Them.J
n- it column m it h I hf hi:h.-i
SitisUction tod Profit to TfcemselTaX
THAD R.H&niH6t Pnbllsber.
OAROLINAAROIilNAHjBAVElSr's BLES8INOS HER."
ISOESCIIPTIOI St it CtiL
HENDERSON, N. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 20, 1901.
rliing for the young husband
young wife. But sympathy
, i'i- one jot of her nervousness
to that plane of sound health
Tie the wife and mother can
and need. It
HS''Tl nerves, restores
.V"!J1 5? the atwetite and
ing sleep. Its
use previous to
.1 t ,
m me oaDy s au
6 vent practically
.- mother almndant nutrition for
1. "Favorite Prescription " is a
, liiedieini and has no equal as
'.r womanly iliases. It cstab-
irity, dries weakening drains,
:': immation and ulceration and
no substitute for " Favorite Pre
i ."' No other medicine is "just
" for weak and sick women.
int ffr-:it pleasure to 1 able to say
.-. U in rtVHrrt to the merits of Dr.
; -! Prescription aii'l 4 iolden
m . very." writes Mrs. Flora Am, of
. .11 0 . Mo. "I was tempted to try
-.- !; filter seeing the effect upon my
T .in e:ir!y :i;e of married life I was
r'-l with prtinful periols. also a
.rii'- "train which rendered me weak
.:," t it work of anv kind. I tKramc so
wis nothing left of me but skin and
Mv "pi-lnnl hecame alarmed and Kot
'! "Favorite I'rescription. After he
x :i.if-rlnl eff'-cts of that one he fot two
m-i :i ft -r I used those up there was no
:i and I Iwic'ir' to pain in flesh very
!' r. e's Common Sense Medical
; U M iit free on receipt of 21 one
". iT.ij.s, to pay expense of mailing
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buf
1 1 ipposite S. A. Ij. Station.)
European Hotel, Restaurant
and Lunch Counter.
M .;!- served at all Ho irs Day cr Night
Famished Rooms. Comfortable Beds.
K.-: thtiiLr strictly liist-class. An orderly,
well kept place.
K'-'i'it to anv in the State, stocked with
':i4ithin tut the very Cost and Purest
Hoods money can buy.
'lliis be'uiir. the tri ip "season we have all
kinds nt inu'reilieHts for relieving same.
r iNfi CKiAKS AM) TOBACCOS.
lnol. l.'OOMS IN CONXKCTION.
HENRY T. POWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
11 i:n ii:ii-"oJ, - - iv. j.
o't-.ict; iii Youiij & Tucker building.
G. A. Coggeshall, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon,
HKNDKKSON, N. C.
'!: ,:i Conper Opera House litiildinj?.
In- I 'hone No. 70.
H. H. BASS,
Physician and Surgeon,
HKNDKKSON, N. C.
l?o;'ce over Dorsey's Drug Store.
yt. i s. HAiutis,
HKNDKRSON, - - N. C.
Ifrrottiee over E. O. Davis' store, Main
A -of .ot!i Life and Fire foiti-
panies J, ,..., ,,tt4(- Tolicies issued and
n- j-Uoc' " . .vt advantage.
FRANCIS A. MACON,
Oftee, Toung&Tucker Building,
Under Telephone Exchange.
" celunirs ; A.M. to 1 P. M. 3 to 6 I. M.
sidence riume 8S; ottice i'hone 25.
I'-'inmtes furni-?!ied when deired. No
" for examination.
A U.dion of PURK LINSEED OIL mixed
with a gallon of
i:.kes 2 gallons of ttiA vrttT BEST PaINT
iu tlio VUKLU
. -v"iirx:iiT.t bill. Is far siore Pt-RABLtt than
1 ! -L: ui rE I.KAI ;:f J is AI'.SOI-UTELV NOT POI-
Nrs. II am m Ait 1'aint is made of the best or
'" 1 matl::iai,s such us all food painters me,
t :s crt'unti thick. eky thick. ISo trouble to
I-'i.s. :T:y iK.y can Uo it. It is the common t5KN"SB
it iu. 1 st Tain r. No betteb jmiut can be made
""J cost, eiid is
ot to Crack. Blister. Peel or Chip
r. IUMJIAU I AINTCO.,St. Lui,3Io.
Sold and fiiaranteed bv
JAS. A. O'NEIL & SON,
HENDERSON, N. C.
C1mbm acd boatifie the hlr.
Promote, & lnzurimnt rmwih.'
J Hever Foils to Bestore Ory
Luru ia!p dmiet ft hair tallmx.
a nd 1 L)Jruygitli
BANNER 8 A L V E
e most healing salve In the world.
ARE THE SOUTHERN STATES AT THE PAN
Exhibit (Made by Southern Railway of
Industries and Resources of States
Traversed by its Lines Prominence
Given to North Carolina for Which
Credit is Mainly Due to Col. An
drews' Patriotic Consideration Mis
souri Astonishes the Natives With
its Display of Fine Fruits.
(Special Correspondence of the Gold Leaf.)
Buffalo, N. Y., Jam 17. '01. -
Thanks to the enterprise, liberality
and business acumen of the Southern
Hailroad, the Southern States through
which that great railroad system rung
all have a small exhibit iu the Agri
culture liuilding at the Pan-American
Kxpnsition. The names of these
States are emblazoned in golden
letters hijjh up on the wall space
occupied by the exhibit of the South
ern Hail way.
The exhibit was installed in the
Agriculture liuilding by Mr. Green,
of Washington, 1). C, who performed
the same service at the Paris Exposi
tion. I was gratified this morning
to see iu it very line pictures of the
Swanannoa and French Hroad rivers,
the chateau of Mr. (ieorge Vander
bilt from several points of view, the
mountains around Hot Springs and a
view of Round Knob, nicely framed
and advantageously hung. In this
building agricultural products from
the States of Virginia, North and
South Carolina, (ieorgia, Florida,
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and
Texas were artistically grouped.
While it is impossible to do justice
to any of these States in the small
space necessarily allotted to the
Southern Kail way, this exhibit is a
great deal better than nothing. Un
the desk ware scattered a number of
attractive pamphlets showing the re
sources of this fertile section. The
exhibit is temporarily in charge of
Mr. M. A. Hayes, of Boston, Mass.
Mr. Green i expected back next
week. The literature, which is given
out freely to all who pass by. is
superbly illustrated. There are a
great main' pictures of the cotton
mills in the several States. There is
a line pamphlet on the city of Kaleigh
which dwells particularly on the
tobacco and coiton mill industries of
North Carolina. It shows the State
as a producer of all the cereals and
fruits, cotton, etc., etc. Special
mention is also made of the fine
climate of North Carolina. I am
sure the State owes the consideration
shown her here mainly to the in
tluence of Col. Alexander B. Andraws,
First Vice-President of the Southern
Kailioad, than whom no man in the
history of the South has done more
for her material advancement. This
is especially true as regards his
native State of North Carolina. If
the citizens of the State do not know
ami appreciate this truth, they are
unworthy of their past.
Mr. M. V. Richards, of Washington
City, has proved himself an able and
energetic First Lieuteuant of Colonel
Audrews in pushing to the front the
vast resources of the South. This
kind of service is worth more to the
masses of the people than the im
peachment of every Chief Justice and
Associate Justice '"for political pur
poses" in Dixie. Let them keep it
up. and in time the whir of cotton
mills and tobacco factories will be
heard throughout the land. Fine
crops of fruit and cereals and all
. ' -til
evidences 01 prosperity win oe seen
on every hand, when capital and
skilled labor seek her fertile iields
and unexcelled climates.
Independent of this exhibit, Ala
bama has one of the most artistic
pavillions in the Agriculture Build-
. - . awr d
in"-. Commissioner ami iurs. tj-onuau
are both there and extend a genuine
Southern welcome to all visitors. I
have never seen a better installation
than the one which Mr. Gorman has
made. He has constructed a model
of the warship "Alabama, v of samples
of iron ore, pig iron, Iimestoae, cnert,
o-old ore, woods, lire brick, wire nails,
draw heads, gearing wheels, steel
castings, steel bar, steel plates, ex
tra wide sheets of rolled iron, coal,
coke, cotton seed oil, cotton seed
meal, fertilizers, all from the State
of Alabama. Several car loads of
Alabama peaches have just arrived.
Everybody is surprised at the size,
beauty of coloriug and delicious
tlavor of this fruit. The peaches are
free from insects and bruises and
arrived in Buffalo in firm condition
These peaches command the admira
tion of the visitors who nowlhrong the
Agriculture Building daily and linger
lonsr in this pavillion.
The State of Virginia shows the
twenty-five varieties of winter apples
from the mountain section. Inese
were sent bv the Virginia State Horti
cultural Society. In the (ieorgia ex
hibit one hundred varieties of cereals
are shown, grown on one farm of
twenty-five acres. The farm is own
ed bv John Manget and is near
Marietta. Georgia. Rice", cotton
wheat, corn, oats, hav, cotton seed
are some of the one hundred varieties
shown. This is a remarkable yield
for twenty-five acres of land, espe
cially in the South where the land is
cheap and labor plentiful. This
week the second large shipment
Florida fruit bearing trees will arrive
here. There will be on the same date
a shipment of fresh pine apples,
bananas, pears and peaches selected
by the commissioner, Mr. Frederick
Pfeifer, who is now making the col
lection in Florida. In addition to
this there is a very line display of
fancy canned goods. Mr. Pfeifer will
distribute from his desk handsomely
illustrated literature, gotten up under
the auspices of the State of Florida,
which will prove very interesting to
those seeking homes in the South
land. There is now on exhibition in
the Florida exhibit a hybrid orange
as large as grape fruit. The name of
the fruit is "Nocatee."
The commissioners of the Louisiana
exhibit expect to open the rice kitchen
June the 20th, completely equipped
wnu an me proaucts maae irom tnat
valuable cereal. Sixty varieties of
strawberries from Louisiana have
just arrived. The Barataria Canning
Company has on exhibition a fine
collection of oysters, crabs, pine
apples and lig ja'm. The State also
exhibits a sweet potato called "Big
Ben" that weighs 122 pounds.
10,400 boxes of strawberries arrived
at the Pan-American Exposition from
Missouri, June 3rd. These came
from Southwest Missouri in and about
Springfield and Monette. They were
picked on the 30th Declaration Day
ana sent in refrigerator cars. About
1,000 boxes were put on exhibition in
the Missouri division of the Horti
culture building. These include the
Gandy, Bubach, Haverland, Warfield,
Aroma, Star and Philips. The Philips
is a new berry in the Eastern market
and a striking variety. It is very
large and irregular and peculiar
shape. The Haverland is a smaller
fruit but of excellent flavor. The
Gandy seems to be a large and very
tine shipper. 1 hough picked a week
befere, it was as fresh as if ju3t off
the vines. The others are well known
varieties both in the East and the
West. These berries are not from
hot houses or forcing beds but just
direct from the immense open beds-
just such beds as the Missourians
have been enjoying for a month or
six weeks. The display has been the
center of attraction in the Horticul
ture Building. People have flocked
around it and many fortunate enough
to get a lasle of the delicious fruit.
'I haven't had a whiff of such berries
since I was a child in Missouri,' said
a gentle old lauv in a wneel chair
whom the fragrance of the fruit had
greeted at the East entrance. In
pite of being six days off the vines
the fruit was rich in color and flavor,
varying in shade from the blushing
red of the Gandy to the rich, deep
crimson of the Haverland. Commis
sioner Bell tells some fabulous stories
about berry growers in Missouri who
train up single vines and raise berries
the size of apples, but these are be
lieved only by Missourians. How
ever, one important fact concerning
the strawberries now on exhibition
is that they did not come from the
far South as some visitors seem to
think. Col. Bell went to Missouri
Inst week and saw these berries
gathered from the great strawberry
fields of the State.
The various wine exhibits of the
Horticultural Building find a rival
in the cider display put up by Mis
souri. It is the display of one firm
alone-TheClarksville Cider Company,
of Clarksville, Missouri. Iheir main
oflice is in St. Louis. They have a
tempting display of apple ciders, in
cluding the famous "Log Cabin"
brand, the well known beverage of
the Presidential campaigu of 1840,
known as the"Cidor Campaign." cele
brated in the campaign jingle "Tippe
canoe and cider too." There are be
sides about twenty varieties of small
fruit ciders. It is the finest cider ex
hibit on the grounds
Missouri State University has a
display of pickled fruit which is of
greater professional interest from the
fact that it is not shown as an exhibit
of perfect fruit, but was prepared for
lecture purposes by the Horticultural
Department in the University of
Columbia. It does not show faultless
fruit, but aims to instruct upon the
ills which the average sruit is heir
to, and to show the method of in
struction as given by the State. A
display of line pickles will be made
later. There is one curiosity in this
connection, provoking the inquiry as
to how the pear got into the bottle.
This is a very large Duchess pear in
a glass bottle with a very small neck.
It was sent up by MrE. Pallou, of
Boonville, Missouri. When the pear
had just formed on its tree he in
serted it in the bottle, tying the latter
in place to the branch. I he pear
grew until it had fairly flattened it
self against the four sides of the
The examinations and awards took
place in the strawberry department
of the Missouri Horticultural exhibit
yesterday. The entire display was
called a No. 1. The highest award
was made to George T. Tippin,
Nichols, Missouri. The grading in
cluded, in the order given, P. O.
Snyder, L. J. Hanley, L. B. Dumil,
George Raup and J. K. Furgerson, all
of Monett. Each exhibitor displayed
the seven varieties mentioned above.
Missouri has easily demonstrated
her place as a leading berry State.
Experiment shows it possible under
favorable circumstances, to produce
400 crates, 1,500 boxes, of marketable
berries to the acre. From a dozen to
twenty standard varieties are grown
for home and fancy use. The State
has the advantage of great climate
range, so that her berries are in
season tor montns. 1 ne .Missouri
Horticultural Exhibit expects a fresh
exhibit in on Tuesday.
Captain Hobson's memorial speech
made at Detroit on May the 30th in
which he advocated one Decoration
Day for both the Federal and the Con
federate dead has provoked a great
deal of favorable comment from the
cosmopolitan newspapers North and
South. The speech is full of patriotic
sentiments and the young hero of the
Merrimac showed his courage in a
remarkable degree by the suggestion
that Northern orators should go
South and Southern orators North to
praise the bravery of both armies of
the Civil War. Another courageous
thing on the part of Capt. Hobson
was the view he took of slavery in his
Detroit speech. A great many old
veterans shook him by the hand after
the speech and told him that his view
of the slavery question was entirely'
new to them and that they cordially
endorsed it from the beginning to the
end. Capt. Hobson was introduced
by the oldest veteran of the late war
in Michigan, an officer of the G. A. R.
In doing this he remorked that as
an American he was as proud of the
bravery of Lee, Johnston ana Jack
1 son as he was of that of Grant, Sher
; man and Sheridan. At the close of
the speech Capt. Hobson was given
an ovation bv the people of Detroit.
An immense crowd assembled to hear j
him speak. Of course he acquitted j
himself with credit to his section. J
He will spend the summer on duty
at the Pan-American Exposition.
CHARLES EDWARD LLOYD.
THE BATTLE OF MOORE'S CREEK.
BY ELISE GREGORY.
(Paper read at the closing exercises of
Henderson Graded School May 17, 1901.)
There is no State in the Union
whose early history is marked by
purer patriotism, mora unsullied
devotion to liberty, or more indomit
able opposition "to every form of
tyranny than North Carolina.
Yet how little of that early history
has been given to the world!
While Virginia, on one side, has
had the labors of her Jefferson, whose
intellect shed a lustre on every sub
ject it touched; and a Marshall, who
was as illustrious as Chief Justice of
the highest judicial tribunal of our
land as his character was pure in all
the relations of life; and the classic
genius of her Wirt, Stith, Campbell,
Howe, and many others devoted to
her history, and to the biogiaphy of
her distinguished sons. While South
Carolina, on the other, has employed
the "philosophic pen" of her Ramsay,
Drayton, Simms, and others; North
Carolina, earlier colonized in point of
history, full ol glorious examples of
patriotism and chivalric daring, has
been neglected by her own sons and
Among the glorious specimens of
patriotism manifested in our dear old
State was the struggle at the bridge
of Moore's Creek, in New Hanover
county, near where it joins South
River. Our fearless patriots, under
the command of Caswell and Lilling
ton, had met and entrenched them
selves on the East, or farther, side of
the Creek, which, though narrow,
was deep and muddy. With keen in
sight they removed the planks from
the rude bridge and greased the sleep
ers round, smooth pine logs from
which the bark had peeled with tal
low and soft soap to make them still
more slippery. They numbered
about eleven hundred and were full of
enthusiasm. Those from Craven
wore silver crescents in their hats
with "Liberty or Death" inscribed on
them, and their determination was to
rid themselves of the harsh hands of
England or to die. The enemy, com
manded by General McDonald, had
crossed South River on the banks of
which Caswell and Lillington were
encamped, and here they also en
camped for the night, determined to
attack the patriots on the morrow.
This night the small stream of
South River only separated the bellig
erent camps, the watch fires of both
were plainly visible to each other.
Like on the famed and bloody field of
"From camp to camp, through the foul
womb of night,
The hum of either army stilly sounds, .
That the fixed sentinels almost receive
The secret whispers of each others' watch.
Fire answers fire
Give dreadful note of preparation."
By the dawn of day, February 27th,
1776, the royal forces were in motion,
the shrill notes of their pilroch were
heard summoning their belted chiefs
with their clans to battle. Our troops
were ready to receive them and an
active and brisk fire commenced on
both sides of the stream, which for a
moment was severe and fatal, when
the Scottish leader, Colonel McLeod,
in attempting a gallant charge across
the bridge, was killed. His troops
were confused by the loss of their
leader, and the unexpected absence of
the planks on the bridge. Availing
themselves of these advantages, our
troops charged in turn with great
animation across the stream and en
gaged the whole force of the enemy.
After a gallant resistance the royal
troops were routed and their general,
McDonald, taken prisoner.
It was an overwhelming victory
and most important in its effects.
Had it not been for this defeat of the
Tories, they would have effected a
union with Clinton and his troops
from abroad, and then the whole
country would have been at their
There was only one of our men
killed in this battle. His name was
Grady, from Duplin county. When
he was buried the captain of his com
pany, James Love, took off his own
sword, wrapped a silk handkerchief
round it, and laid it on his dead
friend's breast. His is among the too
mauy unknown or unmarked graves
of our lost heroes.
This defeat of the Tories placed
North Carolina in her proper place
among the foremost on the side of
liberty; it inspired her patriots with
fresh confidence; it taught the Tories
a lesson; and, above all. it saved the
State from a threatened invasion by
The day after the battle Colonel
Caswell sent his report of it to the
State council. The ardor excited by
such gloriou news was so great that
in less than a fortnight full ten
thousand men were in arms and en
J rolled, ready to march to Wilmington,
j Tallust informs us that Scipio and
IMaximus, when beholding the statues
j of their illustrious countrymen, be
came violently agitated. "It could
not," he says, "be the inanimate
; marble which possessed this mighty
power. It was the recollections of
i noble actions which kindled this
I generous flame in their bosoms, only
j to be quenched when they, too, by
i their achievements and merits, bad
j acquired equal reputation."
i And so, by the light of our fore-
i fathers, let every gallant youth with
I ardor move to do brave "deeds and
j follow in their patriotic footsteps.
j You may as well expect to run a steam
, engine without water as to find an active,
I enereetic man with a torpid liver and you
; may know that his liver is torpid when he
does not relish his food or feels dull and
languid after eating, often has headache
and sometimes dizziness. A few doses of
Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets
will restore his liver to its normal func
tions, renew his vitality, improve his diges
tion and make him feel like a new man.
Price 2oc. Samples free at Dorsey"8 drug
AS TO CO-EDUCATION.
This is an age of experiments.
Speculative philosophy has severed
the ties that bound our forefathers to
fundamentals, and new phases of
national life is the result.
The young men and young women
of today are afraid of being called old
foggy if they display too much rever
ence for the traditions of the past.
Thousands of writers are filling the
newspapers and periodicals of the day
with advice to the young, and fre
quently it is so conflicting that those
who would seek to follow any of it
may count on being lost in an impene
trable forest of words.
Especially is this advice conflicting
that is being offered to the "sweet
girl graduates" just bow.
I hey may pick up some "Woman s
Magazine" and read: Aim for suc
cess. Do not select a calling which is
beyond you. It is better to be a good
housekeeper than a poor teacher. It
is better to be an expert stenographer
than an inferior lawyer, and so on
down the list.
Then they may turn to the verv
next page, perhaps, and read: What
isjLhe crying need of the home? Not
money. Not intellect. Not refine
ment. Not wisdom. It is love, and
warm demonstration of love.
These self appointed advisers would
have the home running over with love
words, kisses and fond caresses.
This advice is set forth as a sure
winner of happiness in the home, re
gardless of cold victuals for the head
of the house when he comes home
after a hard, day's work, trying to
strangle the wolf, and add a few cop
pers to bis coffers to help purchase
About a decade ago a great cry went
up for co-education.
It was held out that the women of
this great free country of ours were
entitled to the same class of educa
tion as the men, notwithstanding the
fundamental truth that God created
them to fill entirely different spheres
in this mortal existence.
Well, co-educational institutions
were started up all over the countrT,
or the doors of those heretofore
devoted to the education of young
men were opened to young women.
lo the advocates of co-eduoation,
who had apparently lost sight of the
fundamentals, there has been some
startling discoveries of the working
of natural phenomena.
l or instance, it has been discovered
that the phenomena which caused
Eve to first flirt with the "Tree of
Knowledge" still exists among her
fair descendants and the same weak
ness that caused Adam to bite the
proferred fruit has not been eradi
cated .by the civilizing process of the
ages; and that Cupid persists in in
vading Wisdom realm to shatter the
theories of philosophers.
Jhe wiseacres are telling us now
that co-education has proven a disap
pointment. They are telling us that
the "flirtations" of schools and col
lege life are confessed to be out of
place and out of time, yet when
young men and young women are to
gether nothing can prevent such epi
(ireat wisdom! Beautiful new dis
We suspect that some day it will be
discovered that it's sometimes wise to
remember and be guided by some of
the old traditions.
Under the old system of education
this country gave to the world an
We believe in a higher education
for women as we do for men, but let
it be an education that shall bring
sunshine around the hearthstone; an
education that shall lull a nation into
repose through graciousness and gen
tleness, and the strains of a melodious
This is woman's proper sphere, and
when she takes up the retort and cru
cible she ceases, in a measure, to be
the queen of her household; the guid
ing star of weak and erring man.
Call at Melville Dorsey's drug store and
get a free sample of Chamberlain's Stomach
and Liver Tablets. They are an elegant
physic. Thev also improve the appetite,
strengt lien the digestion and regulate the
liver and bowels. They are easy to take
and pleasant in eflect.
NORTH CAROLINA A GREAT STATE
North Carolina is a great State. It
is long, too. From Currituck to
Cherokee is 500 miles. Take a cord
and put one at Currituck county and
the other end at Cherokee, and hold
ing your thumb on a string at the
former and turning it directly North
ward it will put you in Lake Cham
plain. New York. It has 48,580 square
miles of land and 3,670 water area
total 52,250 square miles. It has
some 50 rivers and with its numerous
sounds and lakes it is as well watered
a State as any in the Union. Robeson
county is largest with 1,043 square
miles; Bladen second, 1,013; Cumber
land third, 1,008; New Hanover has
but 199 square miles, Clay has 185,
and Chowan is the smallest with 161.
Camden is very smsll also with 258.
The 97 counties will average some
thing over 500 square miles. Wil
constitution undermined by ex
travagance in eating, by disre
garding the laws of nature, or
physical capital all gone, if so,
Tutt's Liver Pills will cure you.
For sick headache, dyspepsia,
sour stomach, malaria, torpid
liver, constipation, biliousness
and all kindred diseases.
Tutt's Liver Pills
an absolute cure.
Facts Plainly Stated.
LYMAN ABBOTT TAKES RATIONAL VIEW
OF SOUTHERN RACE PROBLEM.
Mistake of the North la Clothing
W Ith Rights of Full Citizenship an
Ignorant and Incompetent Mass of
Suddenly Freed Slaves In Its Su
preme Desire to Have the Intellect,
the Conscience, the Education, Rule,
the South is Right, Says Dr. Abbott
(Lyman Abbott, in New York Outlook.)
When two forms of civilization
come in conflict, a higher and a lower,
one of three results inevitably ensues.
The higher civilization may destroy
the lower and extirpate the barbar
ians, as the Hebrews did the Canaan
ites; the higher civilization may sub
jugate the lower and hold it under
control, and as England is now hold
ing the Hindu race in India; or the
higher civilization may pervade the
lower, convert and transform it, and
so make it over, as primitive Chris
tianity did imperial Rome. One of
these three results is certain to ensue
extirpation, subjugation, or trans
formation. In this country we have
tried to avoid that inevitable, eternal,
inflexible law of God; we have tried
so to fence around the Indian civiliza
tion (which is barbarism) that it
should remain permanently in this
country alongside of the higher civili
zation. And this cannot be done.
The race problem at the South is
more complicated and more difficult,
but it is to be solved by the same fun
damental principle. At the end of
the Civil War our fathers were con
fronted with a very difficult problem.
What should they do? Should they
rrivik I a 1-iallrtf- tianb intn 111 tianftfi rf
the ex-slaveholders who had been in
rebellion against the National Gov
ernment, and leave the destinies of
the Southern States in his hands?
This was perilous to National inter
ests, and they believed it would be
perilous to the rights of the negro
race; for there was current talk in the
Southern States at the time of estab
lishing some system of serfdom to
take the place of slavery. Should
they put the political power into the
hands of the Union men? These
were hard to find; and when they
were found, to confer political power
upon them and deprive all others of
it would have been an insignificant
and not very intelligent oligarchy.
Should they control this conquered
territory from Washington by impe
rial administration? The Nation had
no gifts for imperial administration
and no desire for imperial adminis
tration, and our fathers justly feared
the effects on the Nation as well as on
the conquered country. The experi
ment which we finally resolved to try
was this: Congress established uni
versal suffrage, gave the political
power equally to blacks and whites,
ignorant and educated, thrifty and
thriftless, and said to them, "Take
care of yourselves." At the same
time we intimated, in many a hot
political debate and many a public
utterance in press and platform, a
profound distrust of the Southern
people and belief that the negro race
who lived among them could iot ex
pect from them good will and fair
treatment. Thus, on the one hand
the North showed a strange and ex
traordinary confidence in the black
race, and a not so strange but equally
marked distrust of the white race.
But the confidence and distrust
have alike been proved erroneous.
It is not necessary for me to trace
here the results of the carpetbag rule
iu the South, growing out of negro
domination. The facts are fresh in
the recollection of most of us. The
page is a dark, even a terrible one.
and there is little inclination on the
part of any of us to re-read it. Under
that government of ignorance, in
competence, and corruption the fun
damental function of government was
not fulfilled; persons were not pro
tected, property was not protected,
the family was not protected, reputa
tion was not protected. The ends of
government were for the time lot
sight of; the object of government
was not accomplished.
Our distrust of the white man in
the South has also been proved false.
He has shown himself the friend f
the slave who used to work in his
home and on his farm. We may well
be proud of the Nation's record since
the close of the Civil War. A great
stream of beneficence has flowed from
Northern churches and Northern
philanthropists into the South to
establish and maintain schools for the
negro race. But it has been insigni
ficant in comparison with the record
which the South has made by its gifts
to Southern education. Forty million
dollars a year, Marion L. Dawson
tells us in" the last number of the
North American Review, (for February,
1901,) are spent by the Southern
States for educaton, one-thirtieth of
it contributed by the negroes, nearly
one-half of it given to the negroes.
A community of ex-slaveholders,
whose slave system compelled the
keeping of their slaves in ignorance,
have suddenly reversed all their pre
cedent history, and out of their
poverty have contributed with un
exampled largeness of generosity for
the education of those whom, a little
while before, it was a penal offense to
instruct: we may search the pages of
human history in vain for a parallel.
The solution of the race problem in
the South is a reversal, on the one
band, of the unreasonable confidence,
and the reversal, on the other hand,
of the unreasonable distrust. It is a
mistake to suppose that every man
has a right to vote in any community.
It is a still greater mistake to sup-
Kse that a people who have never
irned how to govern themselves can
suddenly, by an act of Congress, be
empowered with capacity to govern a
great Republic. This was our mis
take forced upoo ns, indeed, by
alternatives that might have brought
us into equal disaster had we followed
them: but none the les a real and
serious mistake; a mistake on which
perhaps I should not lay stress now,
were there not many who are urging
us to fall into the same mistake in
new conditions and Under new cir
cumstances. (The perils of this mis
take are being illustrated, as this
article is revised for the press, by the
results of an unqualified suffrage
in Hawaii.) It is a mistake to sup
pose that a people who had behind
them three centuries of slavery in
the United States, and unnumbered
centuries of barbarism in Africa,
could be suddenly competent to take
equal share in government with a
race which bad been ed oca ted by cen
turies of struggle in England followed
by years of equally trying struggle
in the United States, who had written
with their hands, by pens dipped in
their own blood, the Magna Charts,
the Constitution, of Clarendon, the!
Declaration of Independence, and the
Constitution of the United States.
The power of a community to govern
itself depends on the power of the in
dividuals in that community to gov
ern themselves. Before a community
can be self-governing, there must be
a background of history, or at least
a contemporaneous and adequate
method of education.
The South found a condition of
society in which the bottom controlled
the top intolerable. So did France
after the French Revolution; so would
Hayti if there were any top to be con
trolled. The South has endeavored
to reverse the conditions and put the
top of society at the head of govern
ment and the bottom of society under
government. I do not justify the
violence and the frauds by which that
has been attempted; I do not justify
the process. But in its supreme
desire to have the intellect, the con
science, the education, rule, the South
is right and deserves our sympathy
and our support. What we have a
right to demand of the South is this
that the line shall not be a color
line or a race Hue, but a line of char
acter; that an educated and cultivated
Booker T. Washington shall not be
turned from the polls because his
face is black, while an ignorant, in
competent, drunken white man is
permitted to cast his vote because his
face is white. Our problem in the
North is not to withstand the South
and be reluctantly forced back, little
by little, to acquiesce in a system
which gives the power of governing
to those who are competent to govern,
but to offer the open hand of cordial
fellowship to Southern reformers, and
say to them. We will help you in
securing for your States government
that will protect person and property
and reputation and family and liberty.
True, we have a right to demand that
this shall be done for the negro as for
the white man; and, on the whole, it
is done. The person and property,
the life and liberty, the family and
reputation, of the negro are in the
main protected in the Southern
States. If they were not, the results
could not have been secured which
are secured. Says Marion L. Dawson
in the article already referred to:
"In the South all trades are open
to them (the negroes), and they re
ceive every encouragement to become
proficient in the industrial arts. A
large number of negroes have eagerly
taken advantage of these opportuni
ties, and have made unprecedented
progress in bettering their condition
in every way. They have amassed in
one State property the assessed value
of which is nearly thirty millions of
dollars, and it is estimated that they
own, all told, about three hundred
million dollars' worth of personal and
real estate. They have their own
doctors, lawyers, and preachers; they
have colleges and universities, and
they have their own military com
panies." A community in which it is pos
sible for a race to accumulate, from
a condition of absolute poverty,
three hundred millions of dollars of
personal and real property is not a
community which has signally failed
in protecting the rights of persou and
property. I know the tragic story of
lynch law. Who has not been horri
fied by this recrudescence of barbar
ism 9 But let us be just; it is not dis
tinctly Southern. When negroes are
mobbed in Ohio and in Kansas, when
lynch law is executed in Indiana, in
Colorado, and in Montana, as well as
in Mississippi and Alabama and Ken-
, tucky; when even the women become
lynchers, destroying saloons in Kan
sas with some sort of excuse, and
drug stores in Chicago without any
excuse at all, let us recognize the fact
that lynch law is not distinctly
Southern. We may not have as large
a beam in our eye as our neighbor,
but it will he well to remember that
we need, as well a he, to submit to a
It is true that the Southerner does
not grant to the negro what we call
social equality. He does not invite
him into his parlor, ask him to sit at
his table, introduce him as a friend
to his wife and children, or even
allow the children of the two races to
attend the same school. How much
of this is due to unjust and unreason
able prejudice, how mucL of it is
Nature's own protection against a too
intimate intermingling of the races, i
it is not necessary nere 10 uiscubs,
because it is not the function of gov
ernment to protect social privileges.
The function of government is ful
filled when the rights of person, of
property, of reputation, and of the
family, and the liberty which results
therefrom, are maintained. And in
that liberty is the right of each in
dividual man to choose his own social
companions as be pleases for himself
and for his children. Whatever there
may be of race prejudice in the South
is to be removed, if removed at all.
by the gradual, pervasive influence of4
teaching, not by the power 01 govern
ment. It presents a moral, not a
El ward IIuss, a well known business
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That ta dyspepsia.
It makes lite miserable.
Its sufferers eat rm txystiy. they tronf ,
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They know they are Irritable and fretful ;
bat they cannot be otherwise.
They complain of a bad Ut In lb
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The effectual remedy, proved by perma
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1 Keer. t'ong-eU-m, Inflanunatloaa. .143
'J-Worni. Worm Foer. Worm Colic.. .
3- Trelhia.Coll,Cr7lnc.WakefulnM .29
4 Diarrhea, of Chlldrca or AdulU 23
7 ouh. Colds, PronchlUi . 23
H .euralia. Toothacha, Faosacba 23
llradarfce. Rick Haadache. Vartlco . .23
I O Dyspepsia. lad IceaUon, Weak SUrtnarh.38
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27-Kleaey Diseases 23
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77 Grip. Hay Ferar 2S
Dr. Humphrer-- Kaaaal of an Miiuii at jour
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Sold by dniKKlsU. or seat on rarvlpt of prW
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frbout Ut wonderful
MARVEL whirfitscj Spray
The tiew ' ctral Syrls'. J ofrr-
Km VIM nvrrwH, !I m : -
CM - Mot f urtvfitfft.
ver fcr a.
If he ranmit supl'ly Ilia
MImt. tMitaand Manip for 11
lustnuari book t4. II iriTra
fuil Mirtlr-almr and Ht-".,. In.
BIAB HI-. IWW1
Tain 1.1a to ivIUm MtMli I o.,
Ttaaee M(.,, I urk.
ftr .Tiirtir mi ks fr-, -aar
fc tae slte-swsWre -4 ea4rsjs
Hs Ubs4ss, mat mm It Ml
Ml Matt- St 4sci ftrtt! ft tsTaa
a I, aaaadalfr aSasW ffW
ttraM maun U rtliaa It aaa
I. t. tin, lAinnMt, mi
a.. f mmmr Oraaaua. a, 4a. a.
aa D aaa-K.Waf W lataa." r .
k V fmrm MmO. la.a Timsiiami Saall-f
Uaa far. FSUJ-4, V.
1H A VK yUAMFlKI) IN THK M'FfcK
ior Court of Vance County as Adminis
trator of the etate of Rebeeca Hawkins,
deceased, and hereby notify all pentons
ItarioK claims against said deceased u,
present them to ni before May lOtlfT 1902.
or this notice will e pleaded in bar of
tbeir reeo.Ty. . TIh indebted to said
estate will please make ivniedlate pay
ment. Henderson. S. C, Mar 14. 190t.
GRANT W. UAWKINS,
Administrator f Reheeea Hawkins, de-eeaed.
Fill tb bottles with HIRES.
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aUooa V Charles
2lcrnu. V- mE E MlMa
bcalrri. J. j CSMaaey,
write for jnMgf Metora,
bis offer. ISSSjX Fa. .
Ky"XWK. iitM. Ma La4la.H L''f
MKV CHICHKTEK" KXCfJaSl
aMV to SIKV aa4 aaata taaaaaalaa
Vv --Z Hli raaatta. Tat liir W?
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