- . ( ' i
Advertising Brings Success
That it navs to advcTiw in the Gold
. i I - .. . ii ii
a jL.ea.1 is siui-.vn itv hi wt'ji n;iti
raa .1 fi ir .rl 11 rt ti u
U'J" IICIU WIU'llllO,
Sensible Business Men
Do notcontiniie to Hjierul fiiod
money where no appreciable
rei urns ar' seejj.
That is Proof That it Pays.
THAO R. MANNING, PnbMer.
" Carolina, 0-ajrou2sta, ZE3-E-a.te3st,s Blesshstgis -A-tteistd BLer.
SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 Cash
HENDERSON, N. C, THURSDAY, NOVEJMBER 19, 1903.
-V jLeaf is shown by it wrll fill,-, W r , I l ffSjti fZk. F VSiatC W" mai sieuunat ioe neaa w t
iAJtiRlamnH. J 1 f 7 WTN r3E f mJST U I I O.I I -t ' t& newspaper, ,n thJ8 section, the
r , w w - m- m m -m - wu- r m . .:i: : - m. ill 11 u a :. 3 aaaaatav a.- " jJ-i -1 r a -v m. . Am acav&uuun
m to I I ' I ' "lrPU lfcSw 1 UP 4 L N 5 BriSM Tobacco District. J
( MX M Jll vSj Q' P Vl Ti J&A O J SatisfaMion In Thimlw0c-i
AT BAlf MAST.
Sometimes we are greeted in the
niorning by flags at half-mast for some
prominent crucial who yesterday
was apparently in perfect health.
When we inquire the aiJmeiit by
which he was stricken it is not un
common to be told "acute indiges
tion " or "stomach trouble."
It is time people learned that in
digestion or any form of
"stomach trouble" is not a
ViinT tr triflo ...:t. 11.-.
mmw iutic vail uc liJ
condition of diseased
stomach which does
not carry with it phys
ical Ioes and weakness.
Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery -cures
other forms of disease
affecting the stomach
and its allied organs of
digestion and nutrition.
It enables the perfect diges
tion and assimilation of
"Thanks to Dr. Fierce's Golden
Medical Discovery," writes Mr,
Charles H, German, of Lehiehtou.
Pa. "It is the only medicine that
has done me any good. I tried every
thing I could thinfc of to cure indiges
tion, and found I xraa only throwing
away money. Then I heard of Doctor
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery and tried a
bottle of it, and to my joy found it was doing
me good. I used six bottles of it, and am now
cured. It is the best medicine on earth."
This grand remedy does its work in
a thorough manner; it gives the
health that is all health ; the strength
that is solid, substantial and lasting ;
not flabby fat, not false stimulus, but
genuine, complete, renewed vitality and
Accept no substitute for " Golden Med
ical Discovery." There is nothing "just
as good" for diseases of the stomach,
blood and lungs.
Dr. Tierce's Pleasant Pellets cure con
stipation and its consequences.
t 1 1 1:
Old Dominion Line
Makes ii most attractive route to
K.tjin-HH Ktf'aiiiHhiH lesivu Norfork, Vn-.,
l.iilv, exefpt Sumliiv. at 7:00 p. in., fur -w
York diifct, arfonliiiK' opportunity for
tlirnuirh p:iKs'liroiM from the Soul li. South-
went iind West to visit liinoml. Old Point
t omfort. ( irean lew and in;ini:i lea-ii en
PTKiir liekets and general information
apply to railroad ticket auenlw. or to M. It.
CllOWlM.L.tieneral A irent, Norfolk. Ya.;. I. F
M AYKK. A Kent, 1212 Kiwi Main St.. Rich
H. B. WALKER,
Vice Pres. & Traffic M'ug'r.
J. J. BROWN,
(ieneral PaHHenp;er Agent,
New York City, N. V.
DeWitt is tho name to look for when
you bo to buy Witch Harei Salvo.
DeWitfs Witch Hazel Salve is tha
original and only genuine. !n fact
DeWiWsIs the only Witch Hazel Salvo
that is made from tho unadulterated
All others are counterfeits base imi
tations, cheap and worthless even
dangerous. DeWitt's Witch Hazel Salvo
Is a specific for Piles: Blind. Bleeding,
Itching and Protruding Piles. AlsoCuts.
Bums. Bruises, Sprains. Lacerations,
Contusions. Boils. Carbuncles. Eczema.
Tetter, Salt Rheum, and ail other Skin
. C. DeWitt 4 Co., Chicago
For sale at Parker's Two Drug Stores.
THE STANDARD RAILWAY CF THE
The Direct Line to all Points.
Strictly FIRST - CLASS Equip
ment on all Through and Local
Trains;Pullman Palace Sleepng
Cars on all Night Trains ; Fast
and Safe Schedules
Travel by the SOUTHERN and you are
assured of a Safe, Comfortable and
Expeditious Journey. ......
Arri.Y TO TICKET AGENTS FOR TIME TABLE
RATES AND GENERAL INFORMATION,
R. L. VERNON, F. R. DARBY, -T.
P.A., CP. AT. A.,
Charlotte, N. U. Asheville, N. U.
C- No Trouble to Answer Questions '
S. H. HARDWICK,
Gen. Pass. Agent
WASHINGTON. D. 0.
An AdODted Son of North Carolina
Writes of the "Qood Old State"
The Men Who Have Remained at
Home and Built Up Our CJreat Com
monwealth Deserve High Praise.
Thomasville Charity and
The papers have been full of this
during the past weeks. I have read
some of the articles with sadness.
others with much interest. As an
adopted son of the "good old State"
want to send a word of srood cheer
to the North Carolinians at home. I
have never believed that the world's
greatest have died and been embalm
ed as memorials of what man can be
and do. Shakespeare. Milton. Wash
ington, Clay, Webster, Calhoun, Cal-
in, Luther and the rest are all dead.
But their deaths did not end the cat-
uogue of irreat men. After these we
laveseen Wa viand, Lee, Grant. Ful-
or, Vance, Uroadus.Currvaud others
who were not a cubit shorter in stat
ure or greatness than the others.
They, too, have gone, and we stand
oilay in the presence of the world's
greatest century, producing in every
dapartment of life the world's great
est men and women. Men irreat in
thought, spirituality and action
and great amid scene's requiring a
grasp of thought of which the great
oi the past never dreamed.
1 here is a trick of the mind which
makes us see only one-half of life at
once. As we look to the past we see
the best half, and when we look to
the present we see the worst half.
This was the way the Hebrews in the
wilderness viewed life. Human nature
is not changed in this respect. Dis
tance lends enchantment in time as
space. Upon this phase of seein;r.
things we base our estimates of life,
md sigh for "thegoodold times that
eoine again no more, and talk a bout
greatness that has gone from earth
never to return.
We have in North Carolina men
who are looking upon the "elder
brothers," who have staid at home,
with the eyes of pessimism, and upon
the "prodigals" who have cone
ibroad with the eyes of optimism.
The "stay-at-homes" have little to
commend and much to censure. The
go-awavs" have not hing to criticise
and much to glorify. 1 have little
sympathy with these views. I am
proud of our brothers who havegone
abroad, but prouder of those who
uive staid at home and done their
piirt m ouilding our great common
wealth. If we had depended upon
the runaways to have built up the
State where would we have been?
The men at borne have shown a no-
bilitv of soul which marks the grand
est characters of earth. While their
brothers have been running: over the
earth to make money and fame they,
with equal abilities, have remained
at home, contented to get a living,
and while doing this, make a charac
ter and life to bless the world.
North Carolina has sent out sons
who have made tneir marKs, out
some of them would never have made
any marks at home. The men who
have remained and made marks,
where the others have failed, are
worthy of the highest praise not
criticism. I know something of the
men who have gone abroad, and I
have no hesitation in declaring my
conviction that North Carolina s
greatness is not exhausted in any de
partment by the exodus of her great
sons abroad. N orth Carolina s great
est sons are yet within her borders,
toiling to make her the brightest star
in the constellation of btates. North
Carolina may be behind other States
in some things, others are behind her
in many things, and when it comes
to a general "averaging up" she need
not be ashamed of comparison with
anj- of her sisters. I have seen some
greatness which I am glad we do not
possess. Like a desert, irreat in
breadth and, perhaps, depth, but not
an oasis upon its burning sands to
bless humanity, I have seen some
great men who were broad enough to
compass everything on earth, but not
a single green spot within to cheer
the weary and fallen. Great in their
broadness, but as dry as Sahara
Sometimes I sit by my fireside and
sing, "Carry me back to old Virgin-
nv, and long to drop in the place o
the humblest and poorest of the boys
who staid at home and made the Old
Dominion what she is. Some of us
who have left, will never be counted
save as unworthy sons, vet the envy
of our hearts has never been of those
who have become famous, but o
those who "stuck bv the stuff" at
home. Though they are lost to fame,
vet they are the greatest of her sons
and but for them the State could not
have developed her resources. And
sol believe everv "prodigal" from the
Old North State will think of the
"boys" who staid at home and gave
them such a glorious welcome at
Greensboro, the last one of them re
turning to their far-away homes wll
wish they were in the shoes of the
While honoring the men who have
gone abroad, let us not forget the
men who have staid and made the
old State worthy of honor.
Chas. A. G. Thomas.
Edenton, N. C, Nov. 2.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for
any case of Catarrh thtrt cannot be cured by
HaH"s Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0
We, the undersigned, have known F.
Cheney for the last fifteen years, and believe
him perfectly honorable in all business trans
actions and financially able to carry" out any
obligations mado by their firm.
West & Tbvax, Wholesale Druggists, To
ledo, 0. . .
" WlLnf.ro, fcMiH.ft Mabtts, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent
Sold by drug-gists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills ars Jt bsst.
NORTH CAROLINA AT
BY CHARLOTTE BECKEB.
Within the garden, when the thrash -In
gulden strains the morning broke,
And thrilled to Bong the waiting hush
Among the roses, Love awoke.
There was a dream within his eyes,
An untold joy housed in his heart,
And in his smile the glad Knrprise
Of secrets that the winds impart.
He breathed the Springtime's sorcery,
Thesuupnlsed through his veins likewine;
Ah, was it chance he turned to see
Life passing by? With skill divine,
Wild music from the thrush he wrung.
And stole the rose's garnered sweet,
Then, pleading for her kiss, he flung
His pilfered treasure at Life's feet!
A Runaway Bicycle
Terminated with an ugly cut on the leg of J.
B. Orner, Franklin Grove, 111. It developed a
stubborn ulcer unyielding to doctors and
remedies forfouryears. Then Bucklen's Arnica
Salve cured. It's just as good for Burns,
Scalds, Skin Eruptions and Piles. 25c at M.
Dorsey's Drug Store.
Would Be Better for All Concerned.
A correspondent of the Wilson News,
writing that paper from Buck Swamp,
"If the poor people of this country
who haven't any land and provi
sions of theirown, would stop trying
to farm and would work for wages
with the farmers who have got land
and provisions, and are capable of
farming, they would get along much
There is good sense in this. A man
had better work for wages and be
sure of making a living that way
instead of farming under conditions
which almost toa certainty will bring
him out in debt at the end of the
year. A man who has to rent land
and has nothing with which to stock
his farm, but must go in debt for
provisions, stock and farming imple
ments has got to have mighty good
luck with his crops if he comes out
even at the end of the year. Too
many men prefer to take this risk in
preference to selling their time and
labor to some one else. They do not
like to be subject to other men's or
ders. They want the freedom that
farming for themselves is supposed to
give, losing sight of the fact tha
they are liable to become the worst
kind of slaves by so doing debtors,
with everything they have and what
they expect to make mortgaged to
the merchant or land-owner.
Hancock's Liquid Sulphur should be
in every home. It cures eczema, pimples, tet
ter, ringworms, dandruff, cuts, burns, open
sores, dyphtheria, sore throat, and oil blood
and skin diseases. No home should be with
. . i i i i . . ,
out ii. ahk your uruggisis lor a, hook on
quid Sulphur. For sale at The Eagle
The Lieutenant Governorship.
While the nomination for Go vernor
next year is in active request, there
does not appear to be the usual com
petition for the lieutenant governor
ship. It has been understood for
some weeks, we believe, that ex-Judge
rancis D. Winston, of Bertie, would
offer for this nomination, and Repre
sentative George L. Mjrton, of New
lanover, gave it to be understood
Friday night that he also would be a
candidate tor it. v hue in the aver
age mind this office is not invested
with great importance, the possibiu
ties in connection with it suggest care
m the selection of. a candidate for it,
especially when it is known in ad
vance that, the candidate will be
elected. While, in normal circum
stances, the Lieutenant Governor's
duties are restricted to making up
the Senate committees and presiding
over that body, that officer may be
come Governor by the removal of his
chief by death or other cause. This
has occurred four times in North Car
olina within the past thirty years,
Caldwell succeeding Holden, Brogden
succeeding Caldwell, Jarvis succeed
ing Vance, and Holt following Fowle.
And, too, the second officer is acting
Governor during tho absence of the
Governor from the State for any
number of days, as for instance, Mr.
Turner acted last year for Governor
Aycock when the latter went to New
York to deliver an addrees before the
North Carolina Society of that city
or was it when he went to Charles
ton Exposition? We forget, but no
matter. The suggestion is that
the lieutenant governorship is by no
means an inconsequential office. It
is a position of dignity and honor, to
begin with, and its occupant may
become the head of the State govern
ment through the death, impeach
ment, resignation or insanity of the
Governor, or his being stricken with
a fatal malady which left him alive,
but permanently incapacitated to
exercise the functions of his office
all possible contingencies.
Doesn't Respect Old. Age.
It's shameful when youth fails fo show
proper respect for old age, but just the con
trary in the case of Dr. King's New Life Pills.
They cut off maladies, no matter how severe
and irrespective of old age. Dyspepsia, Jaun
dice, Fever, Constipation, all yield to this
perfect pill. 25c at Melville Dorsey's Drug
More Portuguese for East Carolina.
New Berne Journal, 8th.
The Portuguese who have been en
gaged as laborers by the farmers and
saw mill men, nave proved so satis
factory that Mr. B. Dawson, who was
first to try them, has brought another
lot of them from Providence, R. I.,
ana New Bedford, Mass.
The steamer Oracoke brought 67
of them to this city yesterday. They
took 40 men; the Hines I.
iU m oer toui . t mnt
i i i
Sin j, of Kinston, took 20, and J. S.
asnight hired seven.
For PiStty Curntt Csrc
JUDGE CHRISTIAN'S CONTEN
If He is Correct North Carolina Hat
Enjoyed an Undeserved Reputation
What the Official Records Show
Wants Some One to Take Up the
Charlotte Observer. I
To the Editor of the Observer: The
following special dispatch to the Bal
timore San has somewhat astonished
me, and I beg you will reproduce it,
with my comments:
'.'VETERANS OF THE GRAY.
Virginia and North Carolina in th
w ar benator Daniel speaks.
"Newport News, Va.,Oct. 29. The
second day of the Confederate re
union brought about 1,000 more
veterans and several thousand visi
tors to this city.
lhe most interesting: feature of
the day's business was the report of
the history committee, presented by
Judffe George L. Christian, of Rich
mond. Most of its space was devoted
to the refutation of claims made in
behalf of North Carolina in certain
controversies between veterans of the
two States. The report shows from
official records that the claim made
by North Carolina that she furnished
more troops to the Confederacy than
any other Southern State is not true;
that V irffima furnished 52,000 more
than North Carolina; that the claim
that V lrginia had a larger number of
men exempted than any other South
ern fctate is also a mistake; that
while the total exempts in Virginia
amounted to 25,063, those in North
Carolina numbered 38,1G6, and that
North Carolina had ten times as
many State officers exempted on cer
tificates of her Governor or any
other Southern State; that the sug
gestion that one of the effects of the
fighting of the First North Carolina
Regiment at Bethel was possibly
holding Virginia in the Confederacy
was a reflection on Virginia, and
without any foundation whatever.
The report discusses the claim of
North Carolina that she was farthest
to the front at Gettysburg in the
great charge of July 3rd, 18G3, from
the official reports, both Federal and
Confederate, and shows from these
reports that this claim is not sus
tained. It quotes from the reports
of Generals Lee, Longstreet and
Lane; Colonels Lawrence, Shepherd
and others of the Confederates, and
Generals Hancock, Webb and Hunt,
of the Federals, all of which show
that the only troops which pene
trated the enemy's line were Pickett's
Virginians and" some of Archer's
Brigade, the latter composed wholly
of .Tennesseeans and Alabamaians."
If Judge Christian is correct North
Carolina has enjoyed for thirty-five
years a false reputation. But is he
It seems exceedingly strange that
Virginia has remained silent so long
on this very important subject, when
heretore, she has claimed everything
in sight, and many things that never
had a shadow of existence. If Judge
Christian is correct, it makes Vir
ginia's record appear both peculiar
and strange, not to say humiliating
from a military standpoint.
At Baltimore, February 23, 1885,
Governor Vance, in his address before
the Army and Navy Association, of
Maryland, stated that the official
records of the Adjutant General's
office showed that North Carolina
furnished 121,038 troops to the Con
federate States. Without claiming
more, which we can justly do, this
would make Virginia have furnished,
according to Judge Christian (121,-
038 plus 52,000) 173,038.
Now the most authentic informa
tiou available puts the losses of
North Carolina and Virginia down
North Carolina 14,522
Died of Died of
North Carolina 5,157 20,602
Virginia 2,519 6,947
By these figures it will be seen that
of 173,000, Virginia only lost a total
of 14,794, while North Carolina of
121,000 lost a total of 40,275. It
also appears that North Carolina
lost in killed and died of wounds 4,-
877 more men than Virginia lost in
killed and died of wounds and dis
ease, it also appears tnat iNortu
Carolina lost 25,481 more men than
Virginia, which is an excess of nearly
double Virginia's entire loss.
These figurrs also show that Vir
ginia's loss was less than 8 per cent,
while North Carolina's percentage
was more than 33 per cent.
Anyone reading these figures would
not be considered unfair or unjust
should he conclude that the troops of
Virginia were spared that North Car
olina might sacrifice her sons for the
cause they espoused. Judge Chris
tian says "that while the total ex
empts in Virginia amounted to 26,-
Cures Blood and Skin Diseases, Itch
ing Humors, Eczema, Scrofula, &c.
Send no money simply write and try Bo
tanic Blood Balm at our expense. A personal
trial of Blood Balm is betterthan a thousand
printed testimonials, so don't hesitate to
write for a free sample.
If you suffer from ulcers, eczema, scrofula,
Blood Poison, cancer, eating sores, itching
skin, pimples, boils, bone pains, swellings,
rheumatism, catarrh, or any blood or skin
disease, we advise you to take Botanic Blood
Balm (B. B. B.) Especially recommended
for old, obstinate, deep-8eated cases of malig
nant blood or 6kin diseases, because Botanic
Blood Balm (B. B. B.) kills the poison in the
blood, cures where all else fails, heals every
sore, makes the blood pure and rich, gives
the skin the rich glow of health. B. B. B.,
the most perfect blood purifier made. Thor
oughly tested for 80 years. Coot fl.OO' per
large bottle at drag stores. To prove it cores
Balm sent free by writing
Blood Balm Co., Atlas
trouble and free medical advice
letter. " Tbis is an honeat oBer medic! ae
sent at once, prepaid. 'Sold at Parker's Two
063, thpse in North Carolina num
bered 38,166, and that North Caro
lina had ten times as many State
officers exempted on certificates of
her Governor as any other South
The statement only goes to show
that North Carolina was, by far, the
greatest and grandest figure of the
Confederacy. She not only lost 33
Eer cent, of the sons she sent to do
attle, but she kept more sinecures at
home for seed than all the rest put
1 am not interested in the"exempts"
and in the "certificates," because that
proposition is too -absurd to notice
but I am deeply interested in holding
the record North Carolina has enioy-
(jd -inee the war ended, and' which
she is justly entitled to, or all the
records published since the Confeder
acy fell are absolutely false and
North Carolina officials should not
permit this statement of Judge Chris
tiantogo unchallenged. Theyshould
demand that the truth be handed
down to Dosterity. A State that
permits its proud record to be wrest
ed from it sinks to the depth of the
historian who falsely claims for his
people, or himself, that which does
not belong to them, or him.
I hope some one capable and worthy
will take up this gauntlet and hurl it
back with a force sufficient to con
vince even a Virginian that North
Carolina, was a part of the Confeder
acy at, least. W. F. J3UASLKY.
November 6th, 1903.
SOMETHING FOH EVERYBODY.
Do you take them? Haucock'n Liquid
Sulphur baths are as delightful as they are
beneficial. The medicinal and tonic effect of
sulphur baths by absorption of sulphur
through the pores of the skin acts directly on
the blood, purifying it, and removes all un
healthy secretions from the body. For 6ale
at The Eagle Pharmacy."
The Iniquity of It.
In spite of the prophecy in yester
day s editorial on the rauama ques
tiou, we were surprised at the tele
grams that came just before we went
to press giving the cable messages of
President Roosevelt to the govern-
ments at Panama and Bogota. The
utter shamelessness and the indecent
haste of acknowledging the govern
ment at Panama is surpassed by the
pious hypocrisy of the message to
the United States of Colombia.
Here is the message that the Presi
dent of one republic sends to another
on the occasion of the "rebellion" of
one of its provinces:
"The people of Fanama. having bv
apparently unanimous movement j
dissolved the political connection
with the Republic of Colombia and
assumed independence and having
adopted a government of their own,
republican in form, with which the
Government of the United States of
America has entered into negotia
tions, the President of the United
States, in accordance with the ties
of friendship which have so long and
so happily existed between the re
spective nations, most earnestly com
mends to the governments of Colom
bia and Panama peaceful and equita
ble settlement of all at issue between
Imagine, oh the declaration by Ire
land of independence of Great Brit
ain, the President of the United States
sending such a message to St. James
and hoping that the two countries
will have a peaceful and equitable
adjustment of their respective claims,
a message conveying the information
that the virtual independence of Ire
land had already been acknowledged.
Why, the British Navy would just
leave a small part of its strength to
watch Ireland while the remainder
sailed forthwith to the United States
in deadly war. But Britain is a big
country and the United States of Co
lombia has only about 3,000,000
people and that makes a difference.
We shall not be surprised u the re-
action from this bullvine: and insult -
insr of a weaker republic, this open
encouragement of its disintegration,
this shameless intrigue with a little
two-by-four State, does not result in
an insistent demand that the skirts
of the United States be cleared of the
suspicions now besmirching it, by the
rejection in totoof the Panama route
and the adoption of the other. For
tunately Congress meets next week
The rebellion was doubtless timed to
a nicety in the interval between the
adjournment of the Colombian Con
gress and the meeting of the Ameri
can. Still there is every likelihood of
a Congressional inquiry into this J
business, and there are enough brains
in Congress to find out the facts.
BEST KEJIEDT FOR BLOOD AND
For eczema, pimples, dandruff and all skin
diseases, use Hancock's .Iqnid Snlphur
In such cases as scale eczema and sores of
any nature, when the skin becomes dry and
harsh, you should use Hancock's Sulpunr
Ointment in connection with the Liquid. A
few applications of Hancock's Liquid Sulphur
will cure the worst cases of prickly heat.
For sale at The Eagle Pharmacy.
Change in Jury System Needed.
The time has come when there has
arot to be a chancre made in our iarv
system. At present the defense in a
capital case nas every opportunity
to pack a jury box with its partisans
and we believe this very thing has
been done time and again in this
State. The defense may challenge
and reject twenty-three of the jurors
offered by the prosecution, while the
prosecution is allowed only four
challenges. This very thing has made
a mockery of justice in oar courts,
and the next legislature should
change it or confess to cowardice.
That isplam language and we mean
it eo. We railroad a poor ignorant
I tipcto to the irallows and torn white
.iTfCJLEiJil - r the wincr
I t. t: : t. r?T4i4i4l'"d individuals, rost as tneotner
tM tUt) it IT. : aj IWtiKCt - " a MUl,il
orrpumintr bnrlpsnne. and a nhame
and a disgrace upon the state."
DR. BASSETT'S EDITORIAL ON
His Article Unfortunate and Hurtful
and Has for the Time Seine Unneces
sarily Impaires His Influence for
Qood Receiving Wide Comment,
Much of It Heated.
There has been wide comment, much
of it very heated, on the opening ar
ticle in the October number of the
South A tlantie Quarterly, of Durham,
by Dr. John Spencer Bassett, the ed
itor of. that publication and profes
sor of history in Trinity College, hav
ing for its title "Stirring Up the Fires
of Race Antipathy ." . It is pointed
out that this antipathy is ar old as
the negro's residence in America, and
that it is increasing, North aud South,
until now it is more marked than it
ever was before. It results, it is said,
from "the contempt of the white man
for the negro. It is the reaction of
the superior against the touch of the
inferior; for the white man has no
doubt of his superiority. It is doubt
ful if the average Southern white far
mer would admit that the highest
negro in America is superior to the
Southern hired man who is white."
Some of the negroes, we are told,
have advanced and others retrogra
ded since the abolition of slavery,
and "singularly euough, both his
progress and his regression under the
regime of freedom have brought down
on him the hostility of the whites."
"Neither of these two classes, the up
per or the lower," the writer contin
ues, "are all the negroes; and in for
getting this fact some well-intentioned
people have fallen into serious
error. A man whose mind runs away
into baseless optimism is apt to point
to Booker T. Washington as a pro
duct of the negro race. Now AVash
ington is a great and good man, a
Christian statesman, and take him
all in all the greatest man, save Gen
eral Lee, born in the South in a hun
dred years: but he is not a typical
negro. He is an exceptional man;
and, endowed as he is, it is probable
that he would have remained unedu
cated but for the philanthropic inter
vention of white men. The race, even
the best of them, are so far behind
him that we cannot in reason look
for his reproduction in the present
generation. It is, therefore, too much
to hope for a continued appearance
of such men in the near future. It is
also too much to set his development
ud as a standard for his race. To ex
pect it is to insure disappointment."
But, it is argued, it is not just to
judge the race by its worst element.
Its progress, it is claimed, is upward,
not downward, and much of the prein-
dice tnac nas oeen iostereu affamsi;
the necrro has been for partisan polit
ical effect. Just before saying, as he
does in the beginning of his last para-
graph, that he "has no solution for
the neprro problem," Dr. Bassett
"The only solution reserved for us
is the adoption of these children of
Africa into our American life. In spite
of our race feeling, of which the wn
ter has his share, they will win equal
ity at some time. We cannot remove
them, we cannot kill them, we cannot
prevent them from advancing in civ
ilization. Thev are now very weak;
some day they will be stronger. They
are ignorant and passion-wrought;
some day they will be wiser and more
self-restrained. I do not know just
what form the conflict will take. It
may be merely a political conflict; it
may be more than that. 1 am per
suaded it is in many respects the old
conflict between Roman plebs and
Roman patricians over ac-ain. It
ought to be shorter than that strug
gle and the issue ought to be more
fortunate than the issue of the Ro
man conflict; for American life is
richer and better than Roman life."
The author sees a better day for
the negro, when "he will be a great
industrial factor in the community,'
when "his struggle will not be so un
1 eoual as now," and hopes that then
"he will have brave and Christian
leaders." Meantime he advises con
ciliation, foreseeing that "as lon as
one race contends for the absolute
inferiority of the other, the struggle
will go on with increasing intensity."
He scouts the feeling of caste in the
white man, which he says, is inherit
ed, saying upon this head:
"To make him (tue negroj Know
his 'place and to make him keep his
place, Bum up tne pimosopny oi
many people in reference to this intri
cate and perplexing problem. But we
ought to remember that such an idea
is neither scientific nor charitable.
The 'place' of every man in our
American life is such a one as his
virtues and his capacities may ena-
able him to take. -Not even a black
skin and a flat nose can justly justi
fy? caste in this country."
We have given above a fair sum
mary of this remarkable article, copy
ing verbatim its most offensive prop
ositions; and while our voice shall
not be added to the general denun
ciation, we cannot regard Dr. Bas
sett's deliverance otherwise than un
fortunate and hurtful. He is a South
ern man, a North Carolinian, born in
Edgecombe county, reared in Golds
boro; a man of ability, a thinker, a
student and scholar; an accomplish
ed gentleman apparenly normal in
all respects, as we are advised by
gentlemen who know him
this article he is unfathomable. His
statement, published yesterday, does
not do much to elucidate or help
Even with his qualifications of that
dictum, it is almost inconceivable
that he thinks Booker T. Washing
ton the greatest man, save General
Lee, born in tbe South in a hundred
years. As for the "equality" which
the black man "will win at some
time." Dr. Bassett explains that he
did "not mean that there will be so
cial mingling of the races," but that
the time will come when the "negro
I race will have ft d
race will have ft doe proportion of
I wealthy, educated, prosperous and
1 -. 111 O aaaa ll i III
! DeODlea of the world hfMfe. tSuTS9ilt.J.
tney win ut? m goou uwkw, wwm
good clothes, have good schools,
good churches, and especially be con
servative and reliable citizens. But
how was anybody to know that?
From time immemorial "negro equal
ity" has meant social equality, and
in the absence of a qualification the
public naturally reached the conclu
sion that that is what Dr. Bassett
meant, especially since a little later
lie takes occasion to decry the caste
sentiment of the South. He was very
unhappy in his choice of language, or
unfortunate that he did not accom
pany his original article with the in
terpretation which he puts upon it
1 he Observers sensation in refer
ence to this matter is one of deep re
gretregret on account of a cultured
and useful North Carolinian who Las
for the time being unnecessarily im
paired his influence for good; regret
on account of the great and useful
institution of the faculty of which he
is a member, and one of the ablest.
The South Atlantic Quarterly is no
part of Trinity College, has no con
nection with it whatever, and that
the institution as such has no sym
pathy with Dr. Bassett'a peculiar
views, is demonstrated by an article,
in the same number of the Quarterly
as that in which his editorial appear
ed, on "Our Duty to the Negro," by
Kev. Dr. John C. Kilgo, -Trinity s
president. Yet it will be sought by
the enemies of this great institution,
which is doing a noble work in North
Carolina, to warp Dr. Bassett's rela
tionship to both to the injury of the
college. Dr. Bassett's opinions are
his own; we should be sorry if he en-
by his explanations, but his thoughts
are his, he has a right to hold and to
declare them, and'it is to his credit
that he assumes full responsibility
for them and acquits all others of
any share in his offending. Let us
pass this incident to the score of hon
est mistakes that we all make, adding
one more to the long list, and hope
that the tempest has spent its force
and will now subside.
Touching the paper of Dr. Kilgo, to
which reference is made above it is
an address delivered before tho stu
dents of Trinity College and the citi
zens of Durham on the 21st of Sep
tember and published, for the first
time, in the current number of the
Quarterly it is a general argument
addressed to white men, urging them
to help in the uplifting of the negro
within his sphere, and the quotation
from it of one paragraph will answer
the present purpose:
"The negro is a negro. His color
and his racial characteristics were or
dained of God and cannot be cbang:
ed. He cannot become a Jew and he
cmiiiub Utvuuit: un JniU-OUXUU, uuu
should not wish to become either.
He can be a negro, and it is chief busi
ness to be a good negro. In the king
dom of human life virtue is not a
matter of color, and the negro should
learn to respect his color. The black
er he is the surer he may be of racial
integrityfcand whatever he maycome
to be he must come to be as a black
Surely if Trinitvis to be called into
judgment for this number of the
Quarterly, it is but just that it should
be judered by the utterances of its
A Good Name.
From personal experience I testify that
DeWitt's Little Early Risers are unequaled as
a liver pill. Tlir-y are rightly named because
they give strength and energy and do their
work with ease. W.T. Easton, Boerne.Tex.
Thousands of people are using these tiny little
pills in preference to all others, because they
are so pleasant and effectual. They cure bil
iousness, torpid liver, jaundice, sick headache,
constipation, etc. They do not purge and
weaken, but cleanse and strengthen. Sold at
Parker's Two Drug Stores.
Easy to Prove
Raleigh News and Observer.
Lying, living in adultery and drunk
enness do not seem to prevent the
proving of a good character in the
courts, btate and federal, in .North
Carolina. Some weeks ago the acme
of this thing occurred in the city of
Raleigh, when the female keeper of a
house of ill-fame proved a good char
acter by the chief of police of the
capital city of the htate!
SAFEGUARD AQAINST ACCIDENT.
The best safeguard against accident is to
use good judgment in. directing every act.
But accidents will often occur in spite of
every effort to prevent them. The best safe
guard against injury resulting from accidents
is Elliott's Emulsified Oil Linlneal. j
It is the most serviceable accident and Emer
gency Liniment ever made, and is the most
satisfactory Liniment for use in the family
and on animals ever offered. Large bottle
25c. EAUM: PIIAR9IACY.
How are we to know who our
preachers are if we take reverend
from m front of them? It is neees
sarv to distiniruish them in some
wav. How would it do to call them
all doctor? This would settle a ques
tion that often comes up to perplex
boards of trustees in their annual
As a rule, these boards
are expected to turn out some of
these specially distinguished ones by
trivinff tnem tue title oi u. v., ana
really it is very hard to know where
to begin and where to stop. So if we
are oermitted to sav they are all
doctors, then the matter is settled.
. . . - . - . -a I
Carelessness is responsible for many a rail
way wreck and the same cause are making
human wrecks of sufferers from Throat and
Lung troubles. ' Bat since thje advent of Dr.
King's New Discovery for Consumption,
Coughs and Colds, even the worst cases cum
be cured, and hopeless resignation is no
longer necessary, lira. Lois Cragg, of Dor
chester, Mass., is one of many whose life was
mred by DrvKise's New Discovery. This
Prie. SOc aa f 1.00. Trial boOsI A - niww..
"Tvo years ago my hair xr&z
falling out badly. I purchased a
bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigor, and
soon my hair stopped coming out.'
- Miss Minnie. Hoover, Paris, III
Perhaps your mother
had thin hair, but that is
no reason why you must
go through' life with half
starved hair. If you want
long; thick hsirfeecif
with Ayer's Hair Vigor,
and make it rich, dark,
SI.N Mtlt. All SnQls't. "
If your drunrlBt cannot uily you,
end us ono dollar and we will express
you a bottle. Be sure sad rive the name
ot your nearest express office. Address,
J. C AYKB CO.. Lowell. Mass.
G. A. Coggeshall, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
HENDERSON, N. C.
Office over W. S. Parker
& Co V., opioi-ii
Dorney'g Drug Store.
Office Phone, 74-3.
Res. Phone, 70.
Physician and Surgeon,
Henderson, N. C.
Office: -Over W.S.Parker &Co's.
Phone, No. 74.
Residence, MasscnburK Hotel.
DR. E. B..TUCKEK,
OFFICE: Over Thomas Drug Store.
JOHN HILL TIJCKEK,
Physician and urgeon.
Henderson, N. C.
(the late Dr. Tucker's) in Yunn
Tucker Building, Main street.
Dr. H. H. BASS
Physician & Surgeon,
Henderson, N. C.
OFFICE: In Young Block.
DR. F. S. HARRIS,
Henderson, N. C.
! OFFICE: r-Over E. O. Davis' Store.
FRANCIS A. MACON
Office: You iig- &. Tucker Uulldliig.
Under Telephone Exchange.
Office hours: 9 a. 111. to I p. m.. 3 to G p. m.
Residence Phone 88: Office Phone 23.
Estimates furnished when desired. No
charge lor examination.
A strouKjllneof both Life mud Fire Vmtm
pan lea represented. Policies Issued and
risks placed to beat advantage.
Office in Court House.
CHICHESTCftlt E'-U! ,
ttrtataad awat ..!t Ut rain..
AFC xlariraliata l.-!!.. Hr.t'-l
tar CM lemon atii'r l-.X.I.I-'l
la HE aa niCM r.r. . : -i
vtWaftMM. Taka atbaw. t:-t.
ITsmaM llaaillla n imi -
tlaaja Bay af faar lr.cJtt"t. r - 1 . -ukm
hr rtiaailim. Taxta" u
aa4 uUtiUt ar L4ta," -tan
Mall. IS.Stte T Him:'..
all DrasalMa. Cfclafcaatar I "- U-uI i .
444 Ms Sal a(iar, i ULi.. I :
ClaaaaM aad traar' ra ihm h. -i
Proa toluriant frvwHi.
Kva nil ta urtntm uj
21 Air J iguiaiKi .v. .
r-m teals anuiii hair auii.
k.t4 mo at imparl. :
A New ftcleatrle tUcevcry
DLCOb and NEDVES.
It nitrifies the blood by eliminating the
waste matter and other impurities and by
destroying the germs or microbes thai
infest the blood, it dujios up me diovj
by reconstructing and multiplying the red
corpuscles, making the blood rich and red.
It restores ana sumuiaies ue nnv.,
causing a full free flow of nerve force
throughout the entire iverve system. It
speedily cures unstrung nerves, nervous
ness, nervous prostration, and all oilier
diseases of the nervous system.
RYDALES TONIC is sold under a posi
Trial aix 5 ecats. TamtHy ize Sl.00
Fcr sale at The fcagie jrnnrmfiT.
trtrj anifctr Ma fcwa, ft1. r jfll
kack m Ut. dUorfera mt aklMra fS I
atauaHi tronbkra, varaM. ale. It will f J
eara nam? anaUrai MB. It laaaka 11 j I
A nmttf aapaetaltr a4a4 ta ba II .
aMIeaat ataana f MMka4. It kaa Kl J
aarad cMMra (ar M raara. Maul a? BLV
aaatl, aa aaata. H JQs
Cat. n, iAlTUMtl, MO. fij '
av at a
xml | txt