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THE 1LEJNDEKSOK GOJLD L.JKAF THUKSDAY, lt, luuy.
. , 5 V, i If . M ; u 1 i 8 i i w Ij M 5( I n t ti si 1 .1 IS . !i v Vi ? - 4 : i 1 i MESSAGE READ TO CONGRESS No Tariff Revision For the Present. NICARAGUA!! TROUBLE. Irresponsible Nations Not Pro tected by Monroe Doctrine. A DEFICIT OF $73,075,600. legislation Urged Against In junctions Without Notice. Washington, Dec. 7. In big annual message, read to congress, President Taft said: To the Senate and the House of Rep resentatives: The relations of the United States with all foreign, governments have con tinued upon the normal basis of amity and good understanding and are very generally eatlsfuctory. Europe. The American rights in the fisheries on the north Atlantic coast) under the fisheries article of the treaty of 1818 Lave been a cause of difference be tween the United States and (iieat Britain for nearly seventy years. The Interests involved are of great impor tance to the American fishing industry, and the final settlement of the contro versy by the permanent court of ar bitration at The Hague will remove a source of constant irritation and com plaint. This is the first case involving such great international questions which has been submitted to the per manent court of arbitration at The Hague. Negotiations for an international conference to consider and reach aii arrangement providing for the preser vation and protection of the fur seals In the north l'acllic are in progress wftb the governments ofOreat Itrltaiu, Japan and Russia. Tlie attitude of the governments lutere.-ted leads me to hope for a satisfactory settlement of this question as the ultimate outcome of the negotiations. The Near East. The quick transition of the govern ment of the Ottomau empire from one of retrograde tendencies to a consti tutional government with a parlia ment and with progressive modern policies of reform and public "improve ment is one of the important phenome na of our times. Constitutional gov ernment seems also to have made further advance In Persia. These events have turned the eyes of the world upon the near east. In that quarter the prestige of the United states has spread widely through the peaceful Influence of American schools, universities and missionaries. There Is every reason why we should obtain a greater share of the commerce of the near east since the conditions are more favorable now than ever before. Latin America. One of the happiest events in recent pan-American diplomacy was the pa cific, Independent settlement by the governments of Bolivia and Peru of a boundary difference between them, which for some weeks threatened to cause war and even to entrain lin bltterments affecting other republics less directly concerned. Our Citizens Abroad. This administration, through the de partment of state and the foreign serv ice. Is lending all proper support to legitimate ami beneficial American en terprises in foreign countries, the de gree of such support being measured by the national advantages to be ex isted. A citizen himself cannot by contract or otherwise divest himself of the right, nor can this government escajH? the obligation, of his protec tion in his personal and property rights when theso are unjustly In fringed in a foreign country. To avoid ceaseless vexatious It is proper that in considering whether American enter prise should be encouraged or support ed In a particular country the govern ment should give full weight not only to the national as opposed to the Indi vidual benefits to accrue, but also to the fact whether or not the govern ment of the country in question Is in Its administration and in its diplomacy faithful to the principles of modera tion, equity and Justice upon wnich alone depends international credit in diplomacy as well as in -finance. The Monroe Doctrine. The pan-American policy of this government has long beeu llxed lu Its principles and remains unchanged. ; With the clianged circumstances of the United States and of the republics to the south of us, most of which, have great natural resources, stable govern ment and progressive ideals, the ap prehension which gave rise to the Mouroe doctrine may be said to have uearly disappeared, and neither the doctrine as it exists uor any other doc trine of American policy should be permitted to operate for the perpetua tion of irresponsible government, the escape of just obligations or the Insidi ous aileca..on of dominating ambitions on the part of the United States. My meeting with President Diaz and the greeting exchanged ou both Amer ican and Mexican soil served. I hope, to signalize the close nud cordial rela tions which so well bind together this republic and the great republic Imme diately to the south, between which there Is so vast a network of material Interests. I am happy to say that all but one of the cases which for so long vexed our relations with Venezuela have been settled within the past few months and that, under the enlight ened regime now directing the govern ment of Venezuela, provision has been made for arbitration of the remaining case before The Hague tribunal. On July 30, 1909, the government of Panama agreed, after considerable ne gotiation, to Indemnify the relatives of the American officers and sailors who were brutally treated, one of them having. Indeed, been killed by the Panaman police this year. This government was obliged to In tervene diplomatically to bring about arbitration or settlement of the claim of the Emery company against Nica ragua, which It had long before been agreed should be arbitrated. A settle ment of this troublesome case was reached by the signature of a protocol on Sept. 18. 1009. Many years ago diplomatic interven tion became necessary to the protec tion of the iulerests In the American claim of Alsop & Co. against the government of Chile. The govern ment of Chile had frequently admitted obligation in the case and had prom ised this government to settle it. There had beeu two abortive attempts to do so through arbitral commissions, which failed through lack of Jurisdiction. Now. happily, as the result of the re cent diplomatic negotiations, the gov ernments of the United States and of Chile, actuated by the sincere desire to free from any strain those cordial and friendly relations upon which both set such store, have agreed by a proto col to submit the controversy to defin itive settlement by his Britannic majes ty Edward VII The Nicaraguan Trouble. Since the Washington conventions of 1907 were communicated to the gov ernment of the United States as a con sulting and advising party this gov ernment has beeu almost continuously called upon by one or another and in turn by aM of the five Central Amer ican republics to exert itself for the maintenance of the conventions. Near ly every complaint has been against the Zelaya government of Nicaragua. which has kept Central America in constant teusion or turmoil. The re sponses made to the representations of Central American republics as due from the United States on account of its relation to the Washington conven tions have been at all times conserva tive and have avoided, so far as possi ble, any semblance of interference, al though it is very apparent that the considerations of geographic proximity to the canal zone and of the very sub stantial American Interests in Central America give to the United States a special position in the zone of these republics and the Caribbean sea. I need not rehearse here the patient efforts of this government to promote peace and welfare among these re publics, efforts which are fully appre ciated by the majority of them who are loyal to their true interests. It would be no less unnecessary to re hearse here the sad tale of unspeak able barbarities and oppression alleged to have beeu committed by the Zelaya government. Recently two Americans were put to death by order of Presi dent Zelaya himself. They were offi cers in the organized forces of a rev olution which had continued many weeks and was in control of about half of the republic, and as such, ac cording to tne modern enlightened practice of civilized natious, they were entitled to be dealt with as prisoners of war. At the date when this message la printed this government has termi nated diplomatic relations with the Zelaya government for reasons made public in a communication to the for mer Nicaraguan charge d'affaires and is intending to take such future steps as may be found most consistent with its dignity. Its duty to American in terests and its moral obligations to Central America and to civilization. It may later be uecessary for me to bring this subject to the attention of the congress in a special message. In the Far Eaet. In the far east this government pre serves unchanged Its policy of support ing the principle of equality of oppor tunity and scrupulous respect for the integrity of the Chinese empire, to which policy are pledged tho, interest ed powers of both east and west. By the treaty of 1903 China has un dertaken the abolitiou of likln with a moderate and proportionate raising of the customs tariff along with currency reform. These reforms being a mani fest advantage to foreign commerce as well as to the interests of China, this government is endeavoring to facili tate these measures and the needful acquiescence of the treaty powers. When it appeared that Chinese likln revenues were to be hypothecated to foreign bankers in connection with a jrreat railway project it was obvious that the governments whose nationals held this loan would have a certain direct interest in the question of the carrying out by China of the reforms In question. The administration deem ed American participation to be of great national interest. Happily, when It was as a matter of broad policy ur gent that this opportunity should not be lost, the indispensable instrumental ity presented itself when a group of American bankers of international reputation and great resources agreed at once to share in the loan upon pre cisely such terms as this government should approve. The chief of those terms was that American railway ma terial should be upon an exact equality with that of the other nationals join lug iu the loan in the placing of or ders for this whole railroad system. After mouths of negotiation the equal participation of Americans seems at last assured. In one of the Chiuese-Japanese con ventions of Sept. 1 of this year there was a provision which caused consid erable public apprehension in that upon its face it was believed In some quarters to seek to establish a monop oly of mining privileges along the South Manchuriau and Antung-Muk-den railroads and thus to exclude Americans from a wide Held of enter prise, to take part in which they were by treaty with China entitled. After a thorough examination of the conven tions and of the several contextual documents the secretary of state reach ed the conclusion that no such monop oly was intended or accomplished. This government made inquiry of the Imperial Chinese and Japanese gov ernments and received from each offi cial assurance that the provision had no purpose inconsistent with the poli cy of equality of opportunity to which the signatories. In common with the United States, are pledged. Our traditional relations with the Japanese empire continue cordial, as usual. The arrangement of 1908 for a co-operative control of the coming of laborers to the United States has proved to work satisfactorily. The matter of a revision of the existing treaty between the United States and Japan which is terminable In 1912 la already receiving the study of both countries. The Department of State. I earnestly recommend to the favor able action of the congress the esti mates submitted by the department of state and most especially the legisla tion suggested In the secretary of 6tates letter of this date whereby it will be possible to develop and make permanent the reorganization of the department upon modern lines in a manner to make it a thoroughly ef ficient Instrument in the furtherance of our foreign trade and of American interests abroad. - Under a provision of -the act of Aug. 5, 1909. I have appointed three officials to assist the officers of the government In collecting Information necessary to a wise administration of the tariff act of Aug. 5. 1909. An to questions of customs administration tbey are co operating with the officials of the treasury department and aa to matters of the needs and the exigencies of our manufacturers and exporters with the department of commerce and labor in its relation to the domestic aspect of the subject of foreign commerce. As a consequence of sectiou '1 of the tariff act of Aug. 5, 1909. it becomes the duty of the secretary of state to con duct as diplomatic business all the negotiations necessary to place him lu a position to advise me as to whether or not a particular country unduly dis criminates against the United States In the. sense of the statute referred to. Government Expenditures and Rev enues. Perhaps the most important ques tion presented to this administration is that of economy iu expenditures and sufficiency of revenue. The report of the secretary shows that the ordinary expenditures for the current fiscal year ending June 3U. 1910. will exceed the estimated re ceipts by $U4.075.!LU If to this deficit are added the sum to be disbursed for the Panama canal, amounting to $38. 000.000. and $1,000,000 to be paid ou the public debt, the deficit of ordinary receipts and expenditures will be In creased to a total deficit of $73,075.(rjO. This deficit the secretary proposes to meet by the proceeds of bonds issued to pay the cost of constructing the Panama canal. I approve this pro posal. The Panama Canal. The policy of paying for the con struction of the Panama canal not out of current revenue, but by bond issue, was adopted in the Spooner act of 1902. and there seems to be no good reason for departing from the princi ple by which a part at least of the burden of the cost of the canal shall fall upon our posterity, who are to enjoy it. and there Is all the more rea son for this view because the actual cost to date of the canal, which Is now half done and which will be completed Jan. 1. 1915. shows that the cost of engineering and construction will be $297,700,000 instead of $139,705,200. as originally estimated. In addition to engineering and construction, the oth er expenses, including sanitation and government and the amount paid for the properties, the franchise and the privilege of building the canal, In crease the cost by $75,433,000 to a total, of $375,201,000. The increase In tho cost of engineering and construc tion is due to a substantial enlarge ment of the plan of construction by widening the canal 100 feet in the Cu lebra cut and by Increasing the di mensions of the locks, to the under estimate of the quantity of the work to be done under the original plan and to an underestimate cf the cost of la bor and materials, both of which have greatly enhanced in yv" Fi'ice the original estimate was made. Government Economy. In order to avoid a deficit for the ensuing fiscal year I directed the heads of departments In the prepara tion of their estinntes to makp them as low as possible consistent with Im perative goveimental necessity. The -result has been, as I am advised by the secretary of the treasury, thai the estimates of the expenses of the gov-. ernment for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1911 that Is, for the next fiscal year are less by $55,603,000 than the total of appropriations for the current fiscal year and less by $94,000,000 than the estimates for that year. So far as the secretary of the treasury Is able to form a Judgment as to future income, there will be no deficit in the year ending June 30, 1911, but a small surplus of $712,000. In the present estimates the needs of the departments and of the gov ernment have been cut to the quick. For the purpose of securing informa tion which may enable the executive and the legislative branches to unite iu a plau for the permanent reduction oi the cost of governmental adminis tration the treasury department has Instituted an investigation by one of the most skilled expert accountants In the United States. The object of the investigation is to devise means to in crease the average efficiency of each employee. There Is great room for Im provement toward this nd, not only by the reorganization of bureaus and departments and in the avoidance of duplication, but also In the treatment of the individual employee. Uuder the present system It constant ly happens that two employees receive the same salary when the work of one is far more difficult and Important and exacting than that of the other. Su perior ability Is not rewarded or en couraged. Civil Pensions. As the degree of efficiency in ail the departments is much lessened by the re tention of old employees who have out lived their energy and usefulness it is Indispensable to any proper system of economy that provision be made so that their separation from the service shall be easy and inevitable, it Is Im possible to make such provision unless there is adopted a plan of civil pen sions. We canuot, iu view of the ad vancing prices of living, hope to save money by a reduction in the standard of salaries paid. Indeed, if any change is made in that regard an Increase rather than a decrease will be ueces sary, aud the only means of economy will be In reducing the number of employees and lu obtaining a greater average of efficiency from those re tained In the service. Frauds In the Collection cf Customs. I regret to refer to the fact of the discovery of extensive frauds in the collection of the customs revenue at New York city, in which a number of the subordinate employees In the weighing and other departments were . directly concerned and in which the beneficiaries were the American Sugar Refining company and others. The frauds consisted In the payment of du ty on underweights of sugar. The gov ernment has recovered from the Amer ican Sugar Refining company all that It Is shown to have been defrauded of. The sum was received In full of the amount due which might have been recovered by civil action against the beneficiary of the fraud, but there was an excess reservation In the contract of settlement by which the settlement should not interfere with or prevent the criminal prosecution of every one who was found to be subject to the same. v. Criminal prosecutions are now pro ceeding against a number of the gov ernment officers. The treasury de partment and the department of jus tice are exerting every effort to dis cover all the wrongdoers, including tho officers and employees of the compa nies who may have been privy to the fraud. It would seem to me that an investigation of the frauds by con gress at present, pending the probing by the treasury department and the department of justice, as proposed, might by giving immunity and other wise prove an embarrassment in se curing conviction of the guilty parties. Maximum and Minimum Clause In Tarif Act. Two features of the new tariff act call for Kpei-ial reference, lu order that the maximum duty shall be charg ed against the imports from a country it Is necessary that the executive shall find ou the part of that country not only discriminations in its laws or the practice under them against the trade of the United States, but that the dis criminations found shall be undue that is. without good and fair reason. -No one hi seeking a tarilf war or a con dition in whk-jj the spirit of retaliation shall be aroused.' Tariff Readjustment. The new tariff law enables me to ap point a tariff board to assist me in con nection with the department of state In the administration of the minimum and maximum clause of the act and also to assist ofSc ers of the government in the administration of the entire law. I be lieve that the work of this board will be cf prime utility and importance wiiepv congress shall deem It wise :igai:i to readjust the customs duties. If t;u- facts secured by. the tariff board ate .f such a character as to show gen erally that tho rates of duties imposed by the present tariff law are excessive under the principles of protection as described in the platform of the suc cessful party at the late election 1 shall not hesitate to iuvlte the atten tion cf congress to this fact and to the necessity for action predicated there on. Nothing, however, halts business and Interferes with the course of pros perity so much as the threatened revi sion of the tariff, and until the facts aro at hand, after careful and deliber ate investigation, upon which such re vision can properly be undertaken. It iseems to ej unwise to attempt it. War Department. In the interest of Immediate econ omy I have required a reduction la the estimates of the war department for the coming fiscal year which brings the total estimates down to an amount forty-five millions less tbtin the corresponding estimates for last year. This could be accomplished only by cutting off new projects and sus pending for the period of one year all progress in military matters. For the same reason I have directed that the army shall not be recruited up to Its present authorized strength. These measures can hardly be more than temporary, for I am sure that the in terests of the military establishment are seriously In need of careful con sideration by congress. The secretary of war calls attention to a number of needed changes in the army. In all of which I concur, but the point upon which I place most em phasis is the need for an elimination bill providing a method by which the merits of officers shall have some ef fect upon their advancement and by which the advancement of all may be accelerated by the effective elimination of a definite proportion of the least efficient. The military and naval Joint board have unanimously agreed thut it would be unwise to make the large expendi tures which at one time were contem plated in the establishment of a naval base und station In the Philippine Is lands and have expressed their judg ment, lu which I fully concur, in fa vor of making an extensive naval base at Pearl Harbor, near Honolulu, and not in the Philippines. The Navy. The return of the battleship fleet from its voyage around the world in more efficient condition than when It started was a noteworthy event of in terest alike to our citizens and the naval authorities of the world. The marked success of the ships in steam ing around the world in all weathers on schedule time has increased respect for our navy and has added to our na tional prestige. It is a regrettable fact that the higher officers are old for the respon sibilities of the modern navy, and the admirals do not arrive at flag rank young enough to obtain adequate train ing iu their duties as flag officers. Owijg to the necessity for economy in expenditures. I have directed the curtailment of recommendations for naval appropriations so that they are thirty-eight millions less than the cor responding estimates of last year, and the request for new naval construction is limited to two first class battleships and one repair vessel. Tho secretory of the navy has inau gurated a teuuitlve plan involving cer tain enauges in the organization of the navy department, including the navy yards, all of which have been found by the attorney general to be in ac-. cordance with law. I have approved the execution of the plan proposed be cause of the greater efficiency and economy it promises. Department of Justice Expedition In Legal Procedure. The deplorable delays in the admin istration of civil and criminal law have received the attention of committees of the American Bar association and of many state bar associations as well as the considered thought of judges and jurists, iu my judgment, a change in public procedure, with a view to re ducing its expense to private litigants In civil cases and facilitating the dis patch of business and final decision in both civil and criminal cases, consti tutes the greatest ueed in our Ameri can institutions. I do not donbt for one moment that much of the lawless violence arid cruelty exhibited in lynch iugs are directly due to the uncertain ties and iujustice-' growing out of the delays in trials, judgments and the exe cutions i hereof by our courts. I therefore recommend iegislatiou providing for the appointment by the president of a commission with author ity to examine the law and equity procedure of the federal courts of first Instance, the law of appeals from those couvts to the courts of appeals and to the supreme, court and the costs imposed in such pniredure upon the private litigants aud ujwju the public treasury and make recommendation with a view to simplifying and cx peditiug the procedure as far as iss sib'.e and making it as inexpensive as may be to the litigant of little means. The platform cf the successful party In the last election contained the fol lowing: Injunctions Without Notice. "We believe that the rule of prn-e-dure In the federal courts with respect to the Issuance of the writ of injunc tion should be more accurately defiued bv statute and that no Injunction or temporary restraining order should be issued - without notice, except where irreparable injury would result from delay, in which case a speedy bearing thereafter should be granted." I recommend that in compliance with the promise thus made appropriate leg islation be adopted. Moreover, every such injunction or restraining order Issued without previous notice and op portunity by thedefendaut to be beard should by force of the statute expire and be of no effect after seven days from .the issuance thereof or within auy time le.s t!i:iu l hat period which the -iuit iiny fix unless within such seven days or such less period the in junction or order is extended or re newed after previous not! e and op portunity to be heard. Anti-trust and Interstate Commerce Laws. The jurisdiction of the general gov ernment over interstate commerce has led to the passage of the so called "Sherman anti-trust law" and the "in terstate - commerce law" and Its amendments. The developments In the operation of those laws call for a dis cussion and some suggestions .as to amendments. These I prefer to em body in a special message. Postoffice Department Second Cfasa Mail Matter. The deficit every year in the post fflce department Is largely caused by the low rate of postage of 1 cent a pound charged on second class mall matter, which includes uot only news papers, but magazines and miscella neous periodicals. The actual loss grow ing out of the transmission of this second class mall matter si 1 cent a pound amounts to about $U3,000.00( a year. The average cost of the trans portation of this matter ix more than 9 cents a pound. The statistics of 19U7 show that second class mail matter constituted bVi.91 per cent of the weight of all the ma it and yielded only 5.19 per cent of the revenue. The figures given are startling and show the payment by the government of an enormous subsidy to the news papers, magazines and periodicals. A great saving might be made, amount ing to much more than half of the loss, by imposing upon magazines and peri odicals a higher rate of postage. Postal Savings Banks. I believe postal savings banks to be necessary In order to offer a proper inducement to thrift nud saving to a great many people of small means who do not now have banking facilities and to whom such a system would offer au opportunity for the accumulation of capital. They will furnish a satisfactory substitute, based on sound principle and actual successful trial in nearly all the countries of the world, for the system of government guaranty ' of deposits now being adopted in several western states which, with deference to those who advocate it. seems to me to have in It the seeds of demoraliza tion to conservative banking and cer tain financial disaster. Ship Subsidy. . Following the course of my distin guished predecessor, I earnestly rec ommend to congress the consideration and passage of a ship subsidy bill. Interior Department New Mexico and Arizona. The successful party in the last elec tion in its national platform declared In favor of' the admission as separate states of New Mexico and Arizona, and I recommend that legislation ap propriate to this end be adopted. Alaska. With respect to the territory of Alas ka, I recommend legislation which shall provide for the appointment by the president of a governor and also of an executive council, the members of which shall during their term of office reside in the territory and which shall have legislative powers sufficient to enable it to give to the territory lo cal laws adapted to its present growth. I strongly deprecate legislation looking to the election of a territorial legisla ture in that vast district. Conservation of Natural Resources. In several oepartments there is pre sented the necessity for legislation looking to the further conservation of our national resources, and the sub ject is one of such importance as to require a more detailed and extended discussion than can be entered upon in this communication. For that rea son I shall take an early opportunity to send a special message to congress. The White Slave Trade. There is urgent necessity for addi tional legislation and greater executive activity to suppress the recruiting of the ranks of prostitutes from the streams of immigration into this coun try an evil which, for want of a bet ter name, has been called "the white slave trade." Bureau of Health. -There seems to be no reason why all the bureaus and offices in the general government which have to do with the public health or subjects akin thereto should not be united In a bu reau to be called the "bureau of pub lic health." " Political Contributions. I urgently recommend to congress that a law be passed requiring that candidates in elections of members of the bouse of representatives and com mittees iu charge of their candidacy and campaign file iu a proper office of the United States government a state ment of the contributions received and of the expenditures incurred in the campaign for such elections and that similar legislation be enacted in re spect to all other elections which are constitutionally within the control of congress. Conclusion. Speaking generally, the country is in a high state of prosperity. There is every reason to believe that we are on the eve of a substantial business ex pansion, and we have just garnered a harvest unexampled in the market val ue of our agricultural products. The high prices which such products bring mean great prosperity for the farming community; but. on the other band, they mean a very considerably Increas ed burden upon those classes in the community whose yearly compensation does not expand witli the improvement hi business and the general prosperity. Various reasons are given for the high prices. The proportionate increase in the output of gold, which today is the chief medium of exchange and Is in some respects a measure of valur. fur nishes a substantial explanation of nt least part of the Increase -In prices. The increase In popuiatiou and tbr more expensive mode of living of the people, which have nut beeu accom panied by a proportionate increase in acreage production, may furnish a fur ther reason. It is well to note that the increase in the cost of living is not confined to this country, but prevails the world over, and that those who would charge Increases In prices to the existing protective tariff must meet the fact that the rife la prices has taken place almost wholly In those products of the factory and farm In respect to which there has been either no Increase In the tariff or In many Instances a very considerable redac tion. . " A Card Sharp's Device. One of the most wonderful raechan IcaLaids to card sharping was n device unearthed in a London gambling den n short time ago. It consisted of a spe cially constructed iabie containing n secret and invisible drawer in the top. which could be owned by a spring worked by slightly pressing the edge of the table. Covering the action with his hands and cards, the sharp dropped the cards he wished to transfer to bis confederate iuto the opening, and a second spring shot them silently aloug a secret passage to the other side of the table, where there was another se cret opening, whence the confederate contrived to take them. London Tit Bits. How Dish Covert Originated. Dishes brought to table were not In the first instance covered merely to keep the food warm, in mediaeval days people were afraid that poison might be introduced Into fed between the kitchen and tho table; hence the cook was ordered to cover the dishes, and the covers were not removed until the master of the house sat down to eat. The wholesomeness of the food was first tested by the servants, who were required to taste It before it was served, and if they came safely through the trial the food was all right. Later on. Instead of the food being tasted, it was tested by certain objects which were supjvsed to be In fallible antidotes against"poison. . mm- . Read and advertise in Gold Laf. Statement. Showing the Per Diem and Mileage of the Board of County Commissioners for The Year Ending November 30, 1909. Office Register of Deeds of Vakce County, Henderson, N. C, Nov. 28, 1909. j Pursuant to the provisions of Section 713 of the Code, the following statement, showing items and nature of all compen sation audited by the Board of County Commissioners of Vance County to the members therof, severally, from Dec. 1st, 1908, to Nov. 30th, 1909, is submitted to the public. DECEMBER, 190b. Davs Miles Pay I. C. Bobbitt, Chairman 1 Of 25.00 J. A. Kelly 1 0 2.00 W.B.Daniel 1 15 2.75 H. M. Hight 1 1G 2.80 N. D. Boyd 1 28 3.40 Total 5 59 f 35.95 DECEMBER, 1908. James Amos, Chairman 2 0 .1. L. Capps 2 28 T. H. Crudup 2 32 W.B.Daniel 2 30 J. K. Plummer 2 32 JANUARY, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 O J. L. Capps 1 14 T. II. Crudup 1 16 W.B.Daniel 1 15 J. K. Plummer 1 1G FEBRUARY, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 0 J. L. Caps 1 14 T. H. Crudup 1 1G W.B.Daniel 1-15 J. K. Plummer 1 16 MARCH, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 0 J. L. Capps 1 14 W. B. Daniel 1 15 J. K. Plummer 1 16 25.00 5.40 5.60 5.50 5.00 25.00 2.70 2.80 2.75 2.80 25.00 2.80 2.80 2.75 2.80 25.00 2.70 2.75 2.80 APRIL, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 J. L. Capps 1 T. H. Crudup 1 W. B. Daniel . 1 J. K. Plummer 1 MAY, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 J. L. Capps 1 T. H. Crudup 1 W. B. Daniel 1 J. K. Plummer 1 JUNE, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 J. L. Capps 1 T. H. Crudup 1 W. B. Daniel 1 J. K. Plummer 1 0 14 16 15 16 25.00 2.70 2.80 2.75 2.80 0 14 16 15 16 25.00 2.70 2.80 2.75 2.80 0 14 16 15 16 25.00 2.70 2.80 2.75 2.80 JULY, 1909 James Amos, Chairman 2 J. L. Capps 1 T. H. Crudup - 2 W. B. Daniel 2 0 14 32 30 25.00 2.70 5.60 5.50 AUGUST, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 0 W. B. Daniel 1 15 J. K. Plummer 1 1G SEPTEMBER, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 0 J. L. Capps 1 14 W. B. Daniel 1 15 J. K. Plummer 1 16 OCTOBER, 1909. James Amos, Chairman 1 0 J. L. Capps 1 14 T.H. Crudup 1 16 W. B. Daniel 1 15 J. K. Plummer 1 16 NOVEMBER, 1900. James Amos, Chairman 1 0 25.00 2.75 2.80 25.00 2.70 2.75 2.80 25.00 2.70 2.80 2.75 2.80 25.00 2.70 2.80 2.75 2.80 J. L. Capps 1 1 1 1 14 16 15 16 T. II. Crudup W. P.. Daniel J. K. Hlummer Total 63 746f435.30 RECAPITULATION. Days . Miles Pay I. C. Bobbitt 1 0 $ 25.00 J. A. Kelly 1 0 2.00 W. B. Daniel 1 15 2.75 II. M. Hight 1 16 2.80 N.D.Boyd 1 28 3 40 James Amos 13 0 300.00 J. L: Capps 11 154 32.40 T.H. Crudup 11 176 30.80 W. B. Daniel 14 210 38.50 J. K. Plummer 12 192 33.60 Total 66 791 S473.25 TOTAL BY MONTHS. December, 1908, retiring Board f 35.95 new Board 46.10 January, 1909, 36.05 February, ' 3605 March, " 33.25 Ap"l, " " 36.05 May. " 36.05 Jnne, " 36.05 J ny, " 38.80 August, " - 30.55 September, " ; 33 25 October, " 36.05 November, " 33.05 Ttal $470.25 I do hereby certify that the. above statement is corrrect. W. K. EDWARDS, Clerk to Board. RW.J0MD MELLOW KORNTOITY n Corn Whiskey "R. W. Jones" is the purest and best of corn vhisl If you don't believe it, just try it We will glacJiy rij your money if yni are not HERE ARE OUR SPECIALS. F. O. B.t Clarksville, Va. i00 rr( 1 CkBoeiWiikrniiuc. .Sl.o? 2 CaBoaefWhUkcyandius:. . 3.30 3 CUIom of Whitkry tixJ jug . 5.00 4 CaBmciWUkeriadjut. . 6.60 4KCUSomaf WUkryaodiug . . 7.50 H CaBoo of WUtkry and ju . . 1.10 AD goods guaranteed under the National Pure Food Law AH orders shipped the day received. Remit P. O. or express money order or registered letter. CLARKSVILLE WHISKEY HOUSE, ClarksviHeJa. SEABOARD AIR LINE RAILWAY Telephone No. 236. Schedule Effective November 7th, 1909 TRAINS LEAVE HENDERSON AS FOLLOWS: No. 9310:53 P. M. "TI1K FLAMINGO" L? . i. I Cnrs. DinirtffCars anil c .uiiMo.i, . n avii No. 81-2:21 A. M. TUB YE Ait ROUND . t n n a I. I niiLaAnPili. fkvi.fl nil 1.1. .....I.. t. . aui ronsmuuiu. ror.iuumu, Dirnungnnin, McmpliiH iminuW Jacksonville nml Florida p int, Charlotte rontu'i-t m H.imM f, ' mtugton. Pullman Slwprs to Atlanta. M .'in phi Uiaiot(,"j Bonville nni Tampa AIho (lining Cars nnl Dnv Coai li.-i. ' ' No. 38 12:57 F. M. "THE SEABOARD MAIL" from Atlanta. Birinii.Kl.am ,, , , , for Portsmouth and Norfolk with Day Coa- and lir!..r( ar r nocts at Porttmioutu with Strainer for Wnnliinirt.ui. Italtum.r x"1 York. Boston and ProvidVnv. No. 661:12 P. M. No. 41-2:23 P. M. No. 434:38 P. M No. 8412:58 A. M. No. 922:07 A. M. No. 298:32 A. M. No. 306:32 P. M. SCHEDULE OF TRAIN'S OPERATING BETWEEN HENDERSON AM) Id itlUMASD HENDERSON AND OXFORD. Trains leave Hendeism for Durham 7:00 A. M. 2:3." P. M. Trains arrive at Henderson from Durham 12:25 A. M. '.:00 P. M Trains Leave Henderson for Oxford 8:,r0 A. M. 2:3" P. M. ; ." I' M Trains arrive nt Henderson from Oxford 8:52 A. M. 12:25 P. M. Voo p. For rates, Time Tabled. Pullman Reservation und any inforni.it iot ion cot, milt any Sr board Air Line Railway Ticket Ajrent, telephone or address,.!. T. ELMoRE. Jit , .Ku't Un derson. N. C. C. B.RYAN. C. II CATTls General Passenger Agent, District Pas. -eiijrrr Aj!rr.t. Portsmouth, Va, Kulfiuti. N c. If you buy a it is worth the GORBITT BUGGY TELE' CORBITT BUGGY CO., HENDERSON, N. C. A MERE is difficult to control when once it gains head way. When you realize that the house is gone it will be a great satisfaction to know that your money is still safe. That's what it will mean to you to be well Ijxjsuju&eid - with a good reliable Fire Insurance company, the kind we represent. Come in and let us talk the matter over. Henderson Loan & Real Estate Co. Iron with Electricity Always Ready. If you want an electric iron for a free trial in your home for thirty days telephone, write, or call on HENDERSON LIGHTING & POWER CO. Telephones Office No. 6. Steaion No. 21. is the purest whiskey mace. satisfied with its raw flavor. GaQoo of MiV,y .ad :a 4 CDoo cf WWnr nd ,u, Gafloo4yr,oid!ttmkr; I GaBon8nr.oldVl-Kkn, X Ctlian of U-Ukcy Ud JUg $2!S - 6 250 300 . 4 00 1.25 from New York an.l W.ihIiui,,,, fr , i 1 1 i i : i . 1 ' w.i. .... . .iiiif, )HIMI. tlTlltTl Vl Day Coache. LIMITED"frrfm New York W.-i,,,,..,, v "THE FLORIDA FAST MAIL" from Jac -knonvill.. ( !ml11 liectH at llainlt from Wilmington. For Ki-lnmn.!. ViiiiK,llU . New Y'ork. Pullman Sleepera, Day Coaehen and lhiiiit t'iir. Conn- at Richmond with C. &. O. for Cincinnati and point V.-M.nt w, ton with Permwylvania R. K. und B.& O. for Pittnliirir nn.l i.oiiit. ft J! "THI SEABOARD MAIL" from Portiunotith and .oifnli!, fur AilTs tn, (h.irlotte. Wilmington. Birmingham, Mcniphii. und point W Connects at Raleigh with N.&S. for Wilson and Wjihiiitton, nnd ! & S. for Fayett.pville. Also at Hamlet with loral tr.un f,.r tt "iloaiiiinp Parlor Car and Dav Coaches. "THE FLORIDA FAST MAIL" from New York and V:tliinKti)u Tt Atlanta, Birmingham. Memphis and point Wtt, Ja.-HWoiivill Uij Florida points. Pullman Sleepers to Atlanta. Itirtnit ulnnx nml Jmi eonville. fining Car to Hamlet. Arrive Atlanta 7:H M "THE YEAR ROUND LIMITED" from Jacksonville and olumbii arriving Richmond 4:20 P. M. Washington, 7:00 A M. cv Ynrki'uu P.M. Pullman Sleepers, Day Coaclies and Dining t'a"i4 "THE FLAMINUO" from Atlanta and Jacksonville, f,,r pun.n,,,,, and Norfolk arriving 7:10 A. M. Richmond. ri:.l" A M Vnf.iii,tt..n ar.ij New York. Pullman Sleepers to Portsmouth, Wjliinutou ami N York. Coaches to Washington and Diuing Car to New York "Shoo Fly" from Norlina for Raleigh. "SLoo Fly" from Raleigh fr Norlina. at 25 cents a lb, money invest'd. mm vi