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THE HENDERSON GOLD LEAF
THURSDAY, .MAY 12, 1910. The Gold Lear THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1910. Home Course In Live Stock Farming VI. Pastures and Forage Crops. By C. V. GREGORY, Author of "Home Course In Modern Agriculture." "Making Money on the Farm." Etc. Copyright, 1009. by American Pre Association THE cheapest gains on farm ani mals are made with green feed. Plans should be made to have a plentiful supply on Land at all times. There will be the clover meadows, of course, which will be used principally for ha. Occasion ally there will be a luxuriant growth of fall feed on them which can be used for pasture to advantage. This second growth clover is especially val uable for milk cows, calves and hogs. Permanent Pastures. Pastures should be rotated where possible. Where a four year rotation Is practiced one-fourth of the cultivat ed land will be in grass each year. This will generally be more than Is needed for hay, in which case part of It can be used for pasture. In addi tion to this, there is usually some land on every farm that is too wet or too rough to be used for anything but per manent pasture. In too many cases these permanent pastures are weedy and unproductive. A flock of sheep or goats will do much to get rid of the weeds. If there are any thistles they should be cut while in bloom and a handful of salt put on the roots. Where an area of land has been very severely overgrazed in the past it will be absolutely necessary that it be very carefully pastured for the first two or three years. The native grasses and forage plants must have a chance to regain their former vigor and to go to seed. A very large number of stock men advocate resting the land that Is, keeping all stock off for a period of three or four years. That this remedy will bring about the desired results has been definitely proved In numer ous instances. To increase the productivity It will be necessary to thicken the stand and loosen the soil. The yield of pastures can often be doubled by running a disk over them in the spring. This is especially true if a few pounds of grass seed to the acre are used at the same time. There is nothing better than alsike clover for the wet spots. Redtop is also good in such places, al though it is not liked well enough by the stock to warrant its use where better grasses will grow. Alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum) Is a perennial clover whose appearance suggests a hybrid between red and white clovers, but it is not a hybrid. It will thrive on soil too wet for red clover, but on ordinary soil is proba bly not to be so highly recommended. It should be sown with grasses to give the best results. The standard pasture grass through out the corn belt is blue grass. For early spring and late fall pasturage nothing can equal it. It Is nutritious, the stock like it well, it is not easily injured by tramping, and It is a good yielder. The chief objection to It is that it practically ceases growth dur ing the hot, dry days of midsummer. At this time it is necessary to supple ment the blue grass pasture with some forage crop or have a fresh pasture to turn the stock into. Many stock men have several different pastures. They stock one heavily, so that It will be eaten down close in three or four weeks, then change the animals to a fresh one while the grass in the first gels, another start. In this way great er value can be got out of a certain amount of pasture land. It is a good plan to allow part of the blue grass land to make a growth of six or eight Inches before winter. This makes ex cellent winter pasture for both cattle and horses, and they will thrive and fatten on it. Horses will paw through several inches of snow to get to it. Although blup grass will thrive fairly well in dry and unsheltered locations, it will do better where shaded mod erately. Pasture land partly covered with brush and short timber is a fa vorite place to secure a good stand. Orchard grass is next to blue grass In imiwtanoe as a pasture crop. It is hardly as nutritious nor is It liked as well by stock, but it makes a more rapid growth and continues to grow throughout the summer months. When sown in a mixture of other grasses, as it usually is. the stock are liable to eat the more palatable grasses first, leaving the orchard grass to grow up and become hard and woody. Where the plan of changing pastures is prac ticed there is little trouble from this source, as all the grass is eaten down quickly. A good mixture to sow on old pas ture before disking Is eight pounds of blue grass, two imunds of orchard grass and two or three jwunds of some kind of clover Red clover is good, but does not last long. In most regions where blue grass flourishes white clo ser will work without seeding In a few years A mixture of alsike and redtop scattered around the wet spots will complete the renovation of the pasture. From this time on a good disking every spring will keep the pas ture in good condition. Any thin spots which appear can be reseeded at the same time. A few trees scattered here and there throughout the pasture pro tect the stock from heat and flies. Summer Forage Crops. With the best of pasture, however, fcome additional greeu feed is neces sary, especially during the midsum mer months. At that time of year, when flies and heat are worst, a slack ening in the food supply means a loss in gain on young stock and in milk production from the cows. A well plan ned supply of forage crops at this time will give larger returns for the land used than almost anything else that tan be grown. Forage crops can often be used to good advantage as catch crops where other crops have failed to grow or after something else has been harvested. Forage crops by keeping the land occupied with a rank growing crop help to keep weeds in control. They also enable more stock, to be kept on the farm than would be the case otherwise. One of the best forage crops is rape. It yields heavy crops of excellent feed. It is especially valuable for hogs and sheep. They make excellent gains on rape, particularly if a little grain Is given in addition. Rape should be sown in the spring at the rate of about four pounds to the acre broadcasted or two and one-half pounds drilled. The seed bed should be well prepared. The greatest amount of feed per acre ia obtained if the rape is cut and fed. A more economical way of handling it, as far as labor is concerned, la to have small movable pens or a pasture divid ed Into small lots and change the stock frequently from one to the other. If left too long in one place they eat the rape down so closely that it is killed or the growth seriously checked. Sweet corn is a valuable forage for all classes of stock. A variety which stools considerably should be selected, and the planting should be thick. If cut and fed fresh every day it is great ly relished. It is especially good for milk cows, often doubling the yield. Sorghum and Kaffir com are also used considerably as forage crops, es pecially in the southern states. About fifty or sixty pounds of seed to the ' , '"J ; ,: '' ,. . 1 -rr I."."... in ii i mil rim ' '"'-'1 to FIG. XI. HOGS IN ISAPE FIELD. acre are used when sown broadcast or half as much when drilled. It can be sown with a grain drill by stopping up every other hole. The saccharine va rieties make the best feed. If all the sorghum is not used as green feed it can be cut and shocked for winter use. It will have to be left in the field until needed for feeding, as it spoils when stacked. A Good Forage Crop. Indian corn makes good forage If sown thickly enough. The largest planter plates should be used, together with the fastest drill attachment, a3 thick planting makes small and tender stalks. Corn which has well devel oped ears is often used as a combined grain and forage crop for "hogging, down." The hogs are turned into the field in the fall and left until ready, for market. A few shotes turned in later will clean up all the corn which1 the fat hogs have missed. Lambs get1 a great deal of feed out of the corn field in the fall, especially if rape has been sown at the last cultivation, and do little damage to the corn. Excellent fall feed can be obtained by sowing rape or a mixture of rape and clover with the small grain in the spring. If there is moisture enough in the ground after the grain crop is removed a splendid crop of fall forage will be available in three or four weeks. Often the fall feed is worth more than the grain. An excellent forage crop for pigs Is Canada field peas. They should be, sown in the spring at the rate of one half bushel to the acre, together with two bushels of oats. If sown alone the rate of seeding should be two bushels to the acre. The hogs may be turned on when the peas are in the dough stage. In the southern parts of the United States cowpeas and soy( beans may be used in the same way. Millet yields heavily and makes al good quality of hay. It is also used occasionally as a green feed. Millet is a dangerous feed for horses, but may be fed to other classes of stock with safety. Succulent Crops For Winter. While not strictly forage crops, loot crops, pumpkins and squashes answer the same purpose. Sugar beets, man gels and turnips yield heavily, but re quire considerable attention during the growing season. Carrots are es pecially good as a horse feed. Squashes yield as many tons of dry matter to the acre as roots, are just as good feed and are much more easily grown. Pumpkins can be grown in large quan tities In the cornfields with little ex tra labor. The National's Panama Number. On his return from Fanama Editor Joe Chappie, of the National Magazine, pro ceeds to prepare an exhaustive and elab ately illustrated account of the pilgrim age to the Isthmus, under the simple im pressive title, "The Panama Canal As It Is." The article is preceded by "An In dustrial Epic," a vertiable prose poem, contributed by Professor L. H. Bailey, of Cornell University, who was on the Isthmus with the editorial party. The readers are furnished with a specially prepared, two-page map in colors, which has been pronounced far superior to any thing yet published. The map alone is well worth the entire price of the magazine, because it tells at a glance the course of the Canal, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and gives concise outlines of locks and dam. The Gatun locks are shown in red, and the forms of the huge monoliths stand out plainly in fact, everything is so clearly reproduced that it is the next best thing to a trip to the Isthmus. Every phase of Canal con struction is discussed with the cheery freedom peculiar to the National. hether he finds himself trudging through cuts, bowling along on dirt trains whisking over the rails in an in spection or "rubber neck" car, bounding along Panamanian streets in the curious little cabs, or dining with the laborers or in state at Hotel Tivoli it is all the same to editor Joe. Every phase of the work is touched npon and the description includes an appropriate historic outline, going back to the days of Balboa. The article is divided into the follow ing parts for May: The Giant Locks of the Canal, The Man-made Canyon at Cnlebra, An Industrial Epic, The Conquest of the Panama Jungle, The Isthmus in the Days of Balboa, In the Days of De Lesseps. Crossing the Isthmus in '49, When the Panama Railraod was Built in '55, These will be followed by the remaind er of the article in June, including: Social Life on the Isthmus, The Canal a Proving Ground, Changing the World Map, In Costa Rica: Homeward Bound on the Carribbean. Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills relieve para. Works of Art to be Shown at Exposition MiSM Painters and Other Craftsmen of the South Invited to Display Work. Lloyd Branson, an eminent artist of Knoxville, Tenn., who is chairman of the committee for the art exhibit at the Appalachian Exposition to be given in Knoxville, September 12 to October 12, is in receipt of inquiries from prospective exhibitors, showing that much interest is being aroused, and that prospects are flattering for that feature of the exposition. Following are some of the rule3 gov erning the exhibition: First "Art exhibit" means and In clude all paintings, sculpture, pho tography, carving, handicraft, etc. Second The collection to be dis played by classification, each class to be selected and displayed as such, and separate and apart from other classes, the classes to be "A." "B" and "C." Class A. To include all original pic tures and sculpture, other than me chanical or chemical salts, in oil, pas tel, water color, or black and white. Class A to be passed upon and hung by sub-committee, same to be ap pointed by the chairman, Lloyd Bran son, which shall include painter or approved critics, with power to accept or reject any work or works offered. Class "A" to have two divisions, "Professional" and "Amateur." Class B. To include all photo graphic pictures, ideal and portrait, -plain and colored and half-tone. Class "B' to be passed upon and displayed by the photographers on committee, with the power to accept or reject all work or works offered, and further more, at the discretion of said photo graphic members of said committee, Class "B" may be made into two di visions, "Professional" and "Amateur." Class C. To include all copied pic tures (by amateur or professional, and of every description), carving, burnt wood, flower work, curios, handicraft., metal engravings and all work of art'stic skill. Class "C" to be collect ed and displayed by the whole art com mittee, with the power to accept or reject all work or works offered for display. Among other such rules as or dinarily govern such an exhibit, it is well to call attention to the fact that all works of art, ether than loans, which are sought by the committee because of their especial and individ ual attractions and values, such as heirlooms, which the authorities wish to borrow, will be sent to the grounds at the expense of the exhibitor. A spur of the railroads has been built right to the grounds, and all shipments-will be unloaded there. No work of art which may be sold during the exhibition can be removed until after the close. Those who are to serve on the com mute chosen by Mr. Branson, chair man, are: Mrs. J. E. Lutz, Mrs. J. R. McDowell, Mrs. L. B. Audiger, Miss Katherine Wiley, Mr. Joseph Knaffl. Mr. Robert Mason, James Brake, William McCoy, Martimer Thompson, Barle Harrison, Mrs. T. G. Garrett, Mr. Lloyd A. Freeman and Charles A. Krutch, all of Knoxville. Flying Machines at Appalachian Exposition Pleasure and Amusement Features Are Being Given Special Atention. Dirigible ballooning Is one form of sport that has been practiced but little In the south, where the ordinary balloon ascension, with its attendant parachute leap, has lost all of its nov elty, and now attracts but little at tention. It will, however, have its innings at the Appalachian Exposi tion at Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 12 to Oct. 12, next, where it will form one of the features of the amusement pro gram. Flights by large gas-inflated bal loons controlled by steering appara tus will be made from the exposition grounds over the city at a height not too great to be plainly visible to the naked eye. The time of the flights will be determined by atmospheric conditions, for the trips will be made when these are most favorable, if at night large search lights will be car ried in the balloons. Flights by avi ators in aeroplanes will be given, also for the first time In Tennessee with one exception. On Chilhowee lake in the center of the exposition grounds special aquatic attractions will be seen. These will include exhibitions by mo tor boats, both sub-marine and sur face, in which the government models will be exhibited. For those who en joy thrills of excitement there will be the latest devices for "shooting the chutes," "making the dip" and "riding the ocean wave." A "midway" will be there, on either side of which will be found shows, some Instructive, others mirth producing, but all of the greatest interest and of the highest type. There will be a fleet of the 6hlps ot the desert, groaning camels, that will provide their riders with all of the sensations of the storm-tossed mar iner, barring seasickness, as they rise from and return to their knees during the process of embarking and disembarking the passengers. - Var ied sorts and conditions of entertain ment will be furnished for the var ious classes of expositionists. Norfolk & Southern Shaking Off It Financial Trouble . Raleigh Times. It ia pood news that the troubles of the Norfolk & Southern Railway Com pany have finally been adjusted and that company is now in a position to go ahead with its work unham pered from any source. This road has a great field. It can do much for its territory and its territory can do much for it, for it is a section vastly rich in resources. The final settle ment of the troubles of the road puts it m a position that both road and territory can now go ahead and work together for each other's inter ests. euoner newspaper men realuw that they are not running charitable institutions the better it will be for their bank accounts. New Bern Sun. Read and advtrtlM In Gold Laf Eighth AnnualGonvention NORTH CAROLINA FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS. Held in Henderson May 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, Most Delightful Ses sion in History of the Organization. Homes and Hearts of People of Henderson Opened Wide to Charming Visitors Never Before Has There Been Seen a Grander or More Enthusi astic Body of Women As sembled Together Repre senting The Old North State Work of the Convention in Brief. Last week we were only able to give a partial account of the first day's proceeding of the convention of the North Carolina Federation of Wo men's Clubs. Herewith we are giving a somewhat condensed report of the work of the convention including the opening session, acknowledging our indebtedness in part to the Nevs and Observer: OPENING SESSION TUESDAY, MAY 3rd. Representatives from the fifty seven clubs that make up the North Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs, with many of their presidents and the ladies of the executive board are gathered in the hospitable and delightful little city of Henderson for their eighth annual convention. The sessions of the Federation are being held in the auditorium of the county court house which has been attractively decorated. Against the background are eight national flags surmounted by a large silk flag. The platform is almost invisible beneath roses, ferns, carnations and innumer able potted plants. Besides the seventy-five delegates representing forty five federated clubs, many visitors are attending the meetings and all are receiving ereat inspiration. It is an earnest assembly of noble women presenting tonight one of the most brilliant conventions ever seen in the State. More beautiful women, more handsomely gowned were never seen in North Carolina. The first gathering connected with the convention was at the home of Mrs. S. P. Cooper, chairman of the Permanent Federation Committee. She entertained the members of the executive board at luncheon at 2 o'clock. This was one of the most brilliant functions ever given the members of the Federation. The place cards, favors and decorations were highly artistic and lovely. Pink shades, roses and carnations made a scene of beauty. Eight courses were served. Those present were: Mrs. S. P. Cooper, hostess; Mrs. Thad Thrash, of Tarboro, Mrs. Eugene Reilly, president, Charlotte; Mrs. Sol. Weil, Goldsboro, and Mrs. James Briggs, Raleigh, vice-presidents; Mrs. Alice Fields, Kinston, treasurer; Mrs. F. R. Harris, Henderson, auditor; Mrs. F. L. Stevens, Raleigh, chairman education; Mrs. E. R. Michaux, Greensboro, chairman art; Mrs. E. C. Duncan, Raleigh, chairman music; Miss Gertrude Weil, Goldsboro, chair man publication; Mrs. D. Y. Cooper, Henderson, chairman industrial and child labor; Mrs. A. A. Hicks, Oxford, chairman reciprocity; Mrs. R. R. Cot ton, Bruce, chairman child study; Mrs. W. G. Rogers, Charlotte, chair man household economics; Miss Ade laide L. Fries, Winston-Salem, chair man literature; Mrs. J. T. Alderman, Henderson, chairman library exten sion. The opening session of the conven tion was called to order at 8:30 o'clock in Vance county's handsome new court house. - Rev. R. C.Craven made the invoca tion and with the invitation of Mrs. J. Eugene Reilly, of Charlotte, the State president, who very gracefully presided, the audience joined in the singing of "Carolina." Mayor H. T. Powell in an Inimitably witty and cordial manner gave voice formally to the welcome and hospitality of the city which the visitors had already received In such hearty and substan tial manner. The words of welcome from the club women of Henderson as presented by Mrs. J.T. Alderman, were delightfully appropriate and spoken with ease and grace. Follow ing Mrs. Alderman, representatives from the four clubs of Henderson brought messages of welcome from their organizations, Mrs. S. P. Cooper for the Woman's Tuesday Club, Miss Rebecca Watkins for the Alma Club, Miss Birdie Watson for the Student's Club, and Mrs. R. Harris for the Kensington Club, all the ladies speak ing with an ease and grace that speak much for the culture and proficiency of club women. Mrs. Chas. C. Hook, president of the Charlotte club, responded for the State in a brief address of apprecia tion. - The'State president's address giv ing an account of the progress of growth In the North Carolina club movement followed, seventeen new clubs swelling the roll of Federaton to fifty-seven. Greetings from the allied orders of women closed the evening's proceed ings. Mrs. C. M. Cooper presented the good will of the North Carlina So ciety of Colonial Dames, as extended by Mrs. James Sprunt, of Wilming ton, the State chairman. Mrs. Fannie Ransom Williams, of Newton, State head of the Daughters of the Confederacy, spoke very charm ingly and feelingly on behalf of her order, which is a unique one among patriotic orders. Mrs. W. H. S. Burgwyn, of Weldon, brought kind words from the Kind's Daughters, and Mrs. Cbas.D. Mclver from the Woman's Association for the Betterment of Public Schools. After -the eloquent speeches were listened to by a crowded house, the delegates and members of the local clubs wended their way to the beauti ful new home of Mre.-R. J. Corbitt, where the four federated clubs of Hen derson gave an elegant reception to the visiting delegates and club wo men. MERIDIAN OF INTEREST REACHED. Tonight's meeting reached the me ridian of interest. The opening num ber of the program was the Federa tion Hymn, sung by a chorus of twelve feminine voices. The words of the hymn were composed by Mrs. R. R. Cotton, of Bruce, the music by Mrs. E. C. Duncan, of Raleigh. On motion of Mrs. D. Y. Cooper it was agreed that this hymn be sung at the opening of each annual meeting of the Federation. A beautiful instrumental selection was rendered by Miss Mabel Harris, followed by a charming vocal number by Miss Lula Page in a sweet, inspir ing voice, the theme of the song being "May." Both numbers evinced fine talent in the artists and were thor oughly enjoyed. The credentials committee's report showed 72 delegates present, one new club being among those represented, making a total addition of 18 new clubs since the last meeting. On motion of Miss Weil, of Golds boro, a nominating committee was elected from the floor, the members chosen being Mrs. T. P. Jerman, Ral eighh; Mrs. C. D. Ray, Oxford; Mrs. C. P. Miller, Greensboro; Mrs. A: B. Kimball, Greensboro; and Mrs. F. C. Abbott, Charlotte. . The president appointed Mrs. Thad Thrash, of Tarboro, Mrs. Mark Quinley, of Greenville, Miss Emily Hill, of Faison, and Mrs. Al Fair brother, of Greensboro, tellers. Miss Julia Parsley, Wilmington, read the report of the Civic Depart ment. It recited that interest in its work was spreading from the larger towns to the smaller communities, and that there was sufficient work for several additional chairmen in every section of the State. The re port was adopted. The Library Committee reported through Mrs. J.T. Alderman, of Hen derson, and Mrs. Sol Wiel, of Golds boro, two of the most prominent and popular members in the State Feder ation. Mrs. Alderman read greetings from Miss Minnie Leatherman, secre tary of the North Carolina Library Commission. Through this Federa tion the State Library Commission was established, and its most recent efforts are in the direction of travel ing libraries and library extension. Mrs. Weil appealed to the Federa tion for help for the movement to ex tend the benefits that the Library Commission could so well distribute with the necessary assistance. Speeches on library work were made by Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston-Salem; Mrs. R.R.Cotton, Bruce; Mrs. F. L. Stevens, Raleigh; Mrs. A. L. Coble," Statesville; Miss Bertha Rosenthal, Raleigh; Mrs. E. Stern berg, Greensboro; Mrs. W. R. Hol lowell, and others. Miss Rosenthal moved that the matter be taken by the delegates present and laid care fully before their respective clubs, the motion carrying after a lengthy dis cussion. Mrs. F. L. Stevens declared that $1,500, amount appropriated by the Legislature, was a pitiful sum, for the Library Commission, and that it ought to be increased at least to $2, 500. She moved that it be made the first duty of the legislative committee to secure this increased appropria tion, and after a discussion the mo tion unanimously carried. At the Fine Arts session Mrs. A. A. Hicks, of Oxford, chairman of the Re ciprocity Department, presided. Mrs.E. R. Michaux, of Greensboro, chairman, reported for the art de partment. A majority of the clubs, she said, had taken up work with ed ucational and other departments, and during the past year nearly every club devoted at least one meeting to the study of art. She spoke illuml natingly on school room decorations, declaring that the public school was the place where chief attention should be devoted in securing for the people a more beautiful public life. The re sults would be a love for the beauti ful, an improvement in architecture, in the adornment of grounds, and In furnishing homes attractively. Love for the beautiful, she asserted, in its beneficent effects Is next to religion. It would be impossible, she stated, to get the State Art Commission at the next General Assembly, but its estab lishment was a surety in the future. Mrs. E. C. Duncan, chairman, of Raleigh, read the report of the Music Department. The work is being car ried on by several clubs in the State, some of them making remarkable progress. The original compositions accepted by the judges to be render ed at the Federation's meeting, she said, were the Federation Hymn, words by Mrs. R. R. Cotten, of Bruce, music by Mrs. Duncan; "United," words and music by Mary Speed Mer cer, of Elm City, and a lullaby by Mrs. W. H. Speight, mother of "Mrs. Duncan. These songs were sung, ac companiments being played by Miss Mabel Harris, of Henderson. "In Moonland," a composition by Mrs. Mercer, had been received too late to be judged, but was played and delighted the appreciative audience. A telegraphic greeting was received from Mrs. Philip W. Moore, of St. Louis, president of the General Fed eration of Women's Clubs. A presentation of a bound copy of all the papers read in the Library De partment of the Greensboro Women's Club was presented to Mrs. Reilly by Mrs. Sternberg. The chorus sang Mrs. Mercer's hymn, "United," and Mrs. Speight's "Lullaby" was beautifully rendered byMrsR. M. Andrews, of Hender son. Mrs. Duncan's report was adopted. Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston Salem, chairman, reported for the Library Department, saying forty out of the fifty-seven clubs had been studying literature and thirty of the forty had furnished her with informa tion. Thirteen papers had been sub mitted in the State contest, those ac cepted being "The Yiking Age," by Mrs. W. L. Nicholson, Charlotte, and "The Development of theDrama,"by Mrs. W. C. A. Hammel, Greensboro, both of which were read before the Federation, delighting the audience. The number of meetings by the Literary Department of the several clubs vary, eaid Miss Fries, from four to forty per year. The course of study prepared by the joint commit tee of the State Federation of Wo men's Clubs and Historical Associa tion, Miss Fries, Mrs. F. L. Stevens, R. D. W. Connor and E. K. Graham, suggested an outline for literary study for the clubs this year, the first division taking up the romantic movement in literature, the next a study of North Carolina history. At 2 o'clock a luncheon complimen tary to the Federation was given by the Students' and Alma Clubs at the residence of Mrs. A. C. Zollicoffer. Mrs. Zollicoffer's home js beautifully arranged for social functions of an elaborate and brilliant kind like that of today. The broad piazza, where a number of the guests were served, yielded in attractiveness only to the charms of the interior. Although the guests numbered more than a hun dred, the service was so efficient that club members were able to be at all afternoon sessions and committee meetings at the appointed time. The refreshments were admirably adapt ed for such an occasion. Those in charge were Mrs. J. C. Kittrell, Mrs. S. P. Cooper, Mrs. A. J. Cheek, Mrs. A. J. Harris, Mrs. J. H. Tucker and Mrs. R. J. Corbitt. At 3 o'clock Director E. G. Rout zahn, of the National Tuberculosis Exhibition, addressed th9 Federation by invitation, increasing the interest and information of clnb members in regard to the fight against the white plague WOMEN AND EDUCATION. One of the most important reports made to the Federation was that on Education, by Mrs. F.'L. Stevens, of Raleigh, chairman of the Educational Department, which was as follows: The Department of Education since its beginning has directed its efforts along the following lines: The estab lishment of closer relations between home and school; more effective school legislation; increase in the sal aries of teachers, with special refer ence to our rural teachers; the placing of a number of free scholarships pre sented to the Educational Depart ment by four leading educational In stitutions of the State, the creation of a loan scholarship fund for worthy young women and the fulfilling of our State pledge to the English scholar ship for girls. The confidence of the heads of our State and other leading institutions in the federation of clubs has been shown in the gifts of free scholarships placed at the disposal of the educa tion department. These scholarships include the State University, the A. and M. College, Wake Forest and Trinity College and represent free tuition in these institutions. The ap pointments are made by a ncholar ship committee through the recom mendation of local clubs which has the effect of making the club women of a locality alert in seeking out worthy young men and women who need this financial aid and but for this impulse would probably not go to college. The combined encourage ment of a group of interested women back of a young man or young wo man is a powerful incentive to do creditable things. A unique and far reaching general movement for education of women and one in which the North Carolina Federation has had a part is the es tablishment of the English scholar ship for young women which is to of fer the same educational advantages as are now enjoyed by young men through the gifts of Mr. Cecil Rhodes. This competition was open to all young women graduates of a college of recognized standing, the age limit of the candidate being twenty-seven years, tho only other restriction Joe ing that she be unmarried. " Finally the department wishes to emphasize the importance of the lines of work outlined for improved educa tion conditions in this State. The efficiency of our schools, the improve ment of school conditions must de pend upon the intellectual women of our school communities. A few things we must bear in mind: 1. That an iarnorant child is a menace to the community. 2. The cost of our public school system is measureanoc so much by attendance as by ab sence, therefore, cnmrmlsorv school attendance is an important economic question. 3. That education is pre ventive. All our federation movements are worthy of aid and encouragement. Education goes further than any of the others and looks to the nreven- tion of disease, to the prevention of degenerate youth. WEDNESDAY'S SESSION. The Wednesday morning session was marked by the credential report showing seventy-five women present. Followed bv the renorts of the of ficers, Miss Gertrude Weil, chairman of publication, gave an account of her work in furthering the aims and poli cies of the club women with the press and the club magazines. Mrs. W. G. Rogers, of Charlotte, re- Eorted for the department of House old Economics, telling of the growth of real study and scientific informa tion in the conduct of home affairs, closing with a strong appeal for the introduction of home science Into the public schools of our State. Forestry and waterways made a fine report by Mrs. W. J. Cocke, who has given not only her time, but paid the entire expense of her work, which has included the offering of prizes to the school children of the State for essays on the subject of conservation. Mrs. D. Y. Cooper, of Henderson, chairman of Industrial and Child La bor, made her report, which was char acterized by a strong appeal for the Stonewall Jackson Training School which the club women have under taken to materially aid. Over five hundred dollars have already been given and two hundred and fifty more was promised on the floor. Many of the clubs not instructed as to amounts are interested and expect to manifest that fact materially. At the noon recess The Woman's Tuesday and Kensington clubs served a delicious and substantial luncheon to the entire Federation at the home of Mrs. A. C. Zollicoffer. Mrs. D. Y. Cooper entertained at a ten course six o'clock dinner Tuesday evening in honor of Mrs. Robert R. Cotton, of Bruce. The place cards were beautiful hand-painted repro ductions of cotton bolls and blos soms, a delicate compliment to the guest of honor. The place cards were arranged for Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston; Mesdames F. L. Stevens, of Raleigh; E. C. Duncan, Raleigh; Alice Fields, Kinston: J. E. Reilly, Charlotte; W. G. Rogers, Charlotte; Sol. Weil, Goldsboro; S. P. Cooper, Henderson; G. W. Whitsett, Greens boro; W. H. S. Burgwyn, Weldon; Berry, Wilmington; Thad Thrash, Tarboro; James Briggs, Raleigh; Miss Gertrude Weil, Goldsboro; Mr. D. Y. Cooper, Henderson, and Rev. Thomas Chavasse, of England. A unique fact was that the body of women, with no men to desire or re quest it decided to doff the big hat during sessions. The afternoon session opened with the "Federation Ode," written by Mrs. R. R. Cotton, and set to music by Mrs. Duncan, and sung by a chorus of members. The Federation received this number with great en thusiasm. Reports of chairmen of departments was continued. Miss Anna Cansler, of Charlotte, of the Young Women's Christian As sociation, was introduced and spoke feelingly and interestingly of the work of that ornanization. The report ot the custodian, Miss Daisy Denson, was read by Miss Fries, acting corresponding secretary. Reports from club presidents began with the Asheyflle clubs, the Current Literature Club, tha Women's Club, the Friday Book Club, all read by the secretary. . , in,a vn-nrr ffti.prins Club of Lnaa- burn, the Women's Club, of Charlotte, read by Mrs. Abbott, xne oesame Club, ol Faison, Dy Airs, hickb. This was followed Dy coniereuwa of departments. An fnterpfltincr nnd imDOrtant fea ture of the convention was the address by Dr. W. S. Kantin, secre tary of the North Carolina State Board of Health, on preventable dis eases. A more detailed account to-n-ofhor with nliheral extract from Dr. Rankin's speech is printed on the first page oi ine uulu ucac THURSDAY'S PROCEEDINGS. The sessions Thursday were no less interesting than the previous ones, reports of special committees and the election of 'officers perhaps con stituting the most important fea tures. .... At 1:30 P. M. an enjoyable lunch eon was served by the Student's and Alma Clubs at the residence of Mrs. A. C. Zollicoffer. and at 6 o'clock a reception was given by Whitmel Blount Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, at the Croatan Club rooms, which was largely attend ed and proved a most delightful affair. The musical event of the week was the Shakespearean lecture and recital by Prof, and Mrs. Wade R. Brown of Meredith College, given under the auspices of the Contemporary Club complimentary to the North Caro lina Federation of Women's Clubs. This was an artistic and enjoyable entertainment and the large, cultiva ted and appreciative audience were made debtors to the Contemporary Club ana Prof. Brown and his very ac complished wife for the rich musical feast provided. Reports of standing committees and reading the prize papers con cluded the evening session. FRIDAY'S SESSION. The convention met Friday morn ing at 8:30. Report of committee on revising the constitution, unflnsb ed business, new business, report of committed on courtesies, minutes completed, theDoxology and benedic tionand the eighth annual conven ton of the North Carolina Federa tion of Women's Clubs came to an end. Officers elected for the ensuing year are: President, Mrs. Eugene Reilly, Charlotte. First Vice-President, Mrs. Sol Weil, Goldsboro. Second Vice-President, Mrs. James Briggs, Raleigh. Recording Secretary, Mrs. G. W. Whitsett, Greensboro. Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. C. D. Brvant. Charlotte. Treasurer, Mrs. B. K. Hays, Ox ford. Auditor, Mrs. F. R. Harris, Hen derson. General FederationfState Secre tary, Miss Rebecca Watkins, Hen derson. The social affairs given In honor of the Federation are mentioned else where. In addition to these there were a number of formal and infor mal dinners and suppers and the week was one delightful round of pleasure to visitors and home folks alike. This bv the News and Observer re porter makes a fitting finale to what was altogether a very pleasant and successful event: The people of Henderson have exhibited a hospitality unexcelled Every day has been replete with social functions, enjoyable luncheons. brilliant dinners. The delegates and visitors to the convention have been entertained royally, their welcome was regal and the duties of host have been discharged in a princely man ner by Henderson. Without excep tion the delegates declare they have never enjoyed any meeting more than this, ana attribute the major portion of the delights to the providence of the good Hendersonians. Cruelty to Animals Should be Se verely Punished. Charlotte Chronicle. The Waxhaw Enterprise pays Its respects to the horse beater, who it classes second only to the wife beat er. "A horse," it eays, "is the most noble and faithful of animals, and the man who would abuse his horse has something lacking in his man hood. Farmers as a rule are kind hearted and sympathetic, and abuse of the beasts of burden is something rarely witnessed in the country. In the towns are often seen horses, after being driven, tied to a post, exposed to wintry winds orscorching summer surfs, and cruelly neglected." An ac tive Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals should be an in stitution in every town in the State. Torn a Deaf Ear to the Man Who Pleads Drunkenness As An Ex cuse. Charlotte Observer. When a man of good standing and peaceable disposition except when intoxicated, and who at times gets on protracted sprees, commits a violent assault, threatening to kill while on one of his debauches, should the fact that he was under the influence of liquor at the time be any excuse be fore the law for his conduct? The law says drunkenness cannot excuse crime. Why then should the law be appealed to in a case of this kind to let the offending person go unpun ished? Would not the friends of such a person do him a grealer service by allowing him to be punished for an outrageous offense committed while und the influence of liquor an offence which he would not stoop to while sober? The best course to save such a man from himself, as well as to protect the public from his -violence when he is drinking, would be to inflict such se vere punishment on him for infrac tion of the law as would make him afraid to drink. Knowing what effect intoxicants had on himself and feel ing sure that severe punishment would follow a breach of the peace committed when drunk he would be more apt to deter such a man from drinking than the leniency of the courts and the moral lecturing of judges. There would be fewer crimes com mitted by men while under the influ ence of liquor if it were thoroughly understood that drunkenness in fact as well as in law was no excuse for crime. The date on your address label In dicatee the time to which your sub crlptlon It paid. Machinery Adapted to Appalachian Region Elaborate Displays That Win inter Mining Men and Firms Alike"'1 For the practical men. thoe -h visit fairs and expositions for h they may learn that mav i,e 0, 1 tical .benefit to them, the fxh 4i- machinery at the Appalachian sition, to be held in KnoxviUe rJ Sept 12 to Oct. 12, next. win 'hm , ' terest second to no other feature There will bi a machinm- d;v that promises to exceed ir. n'a ways any ever before showiin'th south. A commodious seen Pf .v main building at the expos, --on r.J been set apart for dispias m " chinery, thirty-six spaces l.wu.c. bea alloted for this feature, a: : airead numerous requests for ;....: 'have been received from some of ih, iarg(ir machinery dealers and mair..f;u-n:'rtrs of the country. It is beli . ; -hat th applications for space will v m numerous than the expusi . .I; ian ;:lv will, ' ! this ' machiu. ' i'- front '1 to the '-ere wm f farm at used therefore, not be ootid!., building. The more deli. -a-, ery, that which must Le : exposure, will be assim.. building, and in addition. : be quite an extensive disi ii and mining machinery an.'. ior quarrying in - anoint r structure closely adjoining the main machlnerr building. Knoxville heiri: iu the heart of vast coal and ma i hie regions the mining and quarrying machinery displays will be one of ih- feature's of the show. But there will also 1 numerous displays of agri. uhmai an other kinds of machinery which, to the practical, up-to-date fanner. w'i be of keener interest than any o'.iier feature of the show. The s.rtlon of the main exposition devoted to ma chinery displays has l.. cn so con structed as to afford a solid earth foundation, which will admit of the operation of machinery, of no matter what weight and lower, at f ill capao Ity, and the visitor to the exposition may see the actual tests of a comply mill outfit. Appalachian Region Is to be Developed Exposition in Knoxville Next Fall Win Facilitate Opening Resourcei. Development of the resources of the Appalachian mountain region Is now In its infancy. The creation of the Appalachian forest reserve will prove a great impetus to the section of the south included in the Appa lachian region, which covers portioni of the states of Tennessee, West Vir ginia, Virginia, Kentucky, North and South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama. It Is for the purpose of furthering the Appalachian development that the great Appalachian Exposition has been devised, to be held at Knoxville, Tennessee, Sep 12 to Oct. 1L of this year. The exposition will include ex hibits of resources and commercial and industrial products of the Appa lachian region, and will be a compre hensive presentation of the great pos 6ibilitie3 of that section, which is one of the richest in the whole world. Coal, iron, gold, silver, lead, zinc, cop per, barytes, marble, timber and rich hardwoods are among the natural re sources of the Appalachians. All these are being extensively operated, but the development now under way is meager as compared to what will be accomplished as a result of the publicity given this section through the Appalachian Exposition next fall. It Is confidently expected that Il'itmO people will see this exposition, which will be upon a scale surpassing any thing in the south. Appalachian Bench Show to Have Many Fine Dogs Attention Be'ng Given to Railing Dogs of Fine Breeds Appalachian Exposition Featur;. Thai there are many lovers of pi igreed dogs in the Appalachian terri tory of the 60uth will he fully demon strated at the bench show to be held at the Appalachian Exposition la Knoxville, Tenn., from September to 24. There will b-; doys of aJI breed, from the tiny little black -and-tan and the fluffy little snow-white Pomera nian to the Great Danes and AircdiV This show will be hold under the rules of the American Kennel club, and ti usual prizes will be awarded. It i expected that one thousand doss wd! be shown. t R. P. Gettys. superintendent of bench show, is organizing a kennel dub among the "deggife" I'P!e 01 Knoxville that assures already the suc cess of the undertaking ARMY AND NAVY EXHIBIT Will Be Part of Government Display at Appalachian Expos tion. ' A&suranws have been Ken by oi clals in Washington that the aray n navy departments will have !ar?ei''" creditable exhibits at the kw lan Exposition In Knoxville. j"; September 12 to Octoh-r 12. or i- year. The exhibits w ii! n ' ' ? of infantry and artiU'-rv ;.nd "J weapons, models of nav.:i vess ... dlan war relics, typf s the army, and other v Interest the militant s;i palacbian region. ,:: rat . ...f at & Some Wwld Reap Scant Harreit Cornelias News. doe The Mooresville iwviv,MA not think any decent (- ' r vote for a candidate who u. Bad, if that's the plank m your v form, and ia adhered to, eJlu0t some men out for office that w" get votes enough to elect the" -ers of hay scales at a livery taj - ... - . i.n.lv el Instead oi envying u n caa and trying to imitate fu-ia, jou rffc mmn nearer reaDins suco K tog out to do something for y"u Greenville Reflector. The prudent ypunff man ; looking for a wife who well," takes note of the ni'F' j of her mother. If 6 he w p trim, and looks as if she haa with the work and kindly and loy care, he may safely "ted wife daughter will make averv goon Farm Journal.