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The gold leaf. [volume] (Henderson, N.C.) 1881-1911, May 12, 1910, Image 4

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THE HENDERSON GOLD LEAF
THURSDAY, .MAY 12, 1910.
The Gold Lear
THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1910.
Home Course
In Live Stock
Farming
VI. Pastures and Forage
Crops.
By C. V. GREGORY,
Author of "Home Course In Modern
Agriculture." "Making Money on
the Farm." Etc.
Copyright, 1009. by American Pre
Association
THE cheapest gains on farm ani
mals are made with green
feed. Plans should be made
to have a plentiful supply on
Land at all times. There will be the
clover meadows, of course, which will
be used principally for ha. Occasion
ally there will be a luxuriant growth
of fall feed on them which can be
used for pasture to advantage. This
second growth clover is especially val
uable for milk cows, calves and hogs.
Permanent Pastures.
Pastures should be rotated where
possible. Where a four year rotation
Is practiced one-fourth of the cultivat
ed land will be in grass each year.
This will generally be more than Is
needed for hay, in which case part of
It can be used for pasture. In addi
tion to this, there is usually some land
on every farm that is too wet or too
rough to be used for anything but per
manent pasture. In too many cases
these permanent pastures are weedy
and unproductive. A flock of sheep or
goats will do much to get rid of the
weeds. If there are any thistles they
should be cut while in bloom and a
handful of salt put on the roots.
Where an area of land has been very
severely overgrazed in the past it will
be absolutely necessary that it be very
carefully pastured for the first two or
three years. The native grasses and
forage plants must have a chance to
regain their former vigor and to go to
seed. A very large number of stock
men advocate resting the land that Is,
keeping all stock off for a period of
three or four years. That this remedy
will bring about the desired results
has been definitely proved In numer
ous instances.
To increase the productivity It will
be necessary to thicken the stand and
loosen the soil. The yield of pastures
can often be doubled by running a
disk over them in the spring. This is
especially true if a few pounds of
grass seed to the acre are used at the
same time. There is nothing better
than alsike clover for the wet spots.
Redtop is also good in such places, al
though it is not liked well enough by
the stock to warrant its use where
better grasses will grow.
Alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)
Is a perennial clover whose appearance
suggests a hybrid between red and
white clovers, but it is not a hybrid.
It will thrive on soil too wet for red
clover, but on ordinary soil is proba
bly not to be so highly recommended.
It should be sown with grasses to give
the best results.
The standard pasture grass through
out the corn belt is blue grass. For
early spring and late fall pasturage
nothing can equal it. It Is nutritious,
the stock like it well, it is not easily
injured by tramping, and It is a good
yielder. The chief objection to It is
that it practically ceases growth dur
ing the hot, dry days of midsummer.
At this time it is necessary to supple
ment the blue grass pasture with some
forage crop or have a fresh pasture
to turn the stock into. Many stock
men have several different pastures.
They stock one heavily, so that It will
be eaten down close in three or four
weeks, then change the animals to a
fresh one while the grass in the first
gels, another start. In this way great
er value can be got out of a certain
amount of pasture land. It is a good
plan to allow part of the blue grass
land to make a growth of six or eight
Inches before winter. This makes ex
cellent winter pasture for both cattle
and horses, and they will thrive and
fatten on it. Horses will paw through
several inches of snow to get to it.
Although blup grass will thrive fairly
well in dry and unsheltered locations,
it will do better where shaded mod
erately. Pasture land partly covered
with brush and short timber is a fa
vorite place to secure a good stand.
Orchard grass is next to blue grass
In imiwtanoe as a pasture crop. It is
hardly as nutritious nor is It liked as
well by stock, but it makes a more
rapid growth and continues to grow
throughout the summer months. When
sown in a mixture of other grasses,
as it usually is. the stock are liable to
eat the more palatable grasses first,
leaving the orchard grass to grow up
and become hard and woody. Where
the plan of changing pastures is prac
ticed there is little trouble from this
source, as all the grass is eaten down
quickly.
A good mixture to sow on old pas
ture before disking Is eight pounds of
blue grass, two imunds of orchard
grass and two or three jwunds of some
kind of clover Red clover is good, but
does not last long. In most regions
where blue grass flourishes white clo
ser will work without seeding In a
few years A mixture of alsike and
redtop scattered around the wet spots
will complete the renovation of the
pasture. From this time on a good
disking every spring will keep the pas
ture in good condition. Any thin spots
which appear can be reseeded at the
same time. A few trees scattered here
and there throughout the pasture pro
tect the stock from heat and flies.
Summer Forage Crops.
With the best of pasture, however,
fcome additional greeu feed is neces
sary, especially during the midsum
mer months. At that time of year,
when flies and heat are worst, a slack
ening in the food supply means a loss
in gain on young stock and in milk
production from the cows. A well plan
ned supply of forage crops at this time
will give larger returns for the land
used than almost anything else that
tan be grown. Forage crops can often
be used to good advantage as catch
crops where other crops have failed to
grow or after something else has been
harvested. Forage crops by keeping
the land occupied with a rank growing
crop help to keep weeds in control.
They also enable more stock, to be kept
on the farm than would be the case
otherwise.
One of the best forage crops is rape.
It yields heavy crops of excellent feed.
It is especially valuable for hogs and
sheep. They make excellent gains on
rape, particularly if a little grain Is
given in addition. Rape should be
sown in the spring at the rate of about
four pounds to the acre broadcasted
or two and one-half pounds drilled.
The seed bed should be well prepared.
The greatest amount of feed per acre
ia obtained if the rape is cut and fed.
A more economical way of handling it,
as far as labor is concerned, la to have
small movable pens or a pasture divid
ed Into small lots and change the stock
frequently from one to the other. If
left too long in one place they eat the
rape down so closely that it is killed
or the growth seriously checked.
Sweet corn is a valuable forage for
all classes of stock. A variety which
stools considerably should be selected,
and the planting should be thick. If
cut and fed fresh every day it is great
ly relished. It is especially good for
milk cows, often doubling the yield.
Sorghum and Kaffir com are also
used considerably as forage crops, es
pecially in the southern states. About
fifty or sixty pounds of seed to the
' , '"J ; ,: '' ,.
. 1 -rr I."."... in ii i mil rim ' '"'-'1
to
FIG. XI. HOGS IN ISAPE FIELD.
acre are used when sown broadcast or
half as much when drilled. It can be
sown with a grain drill by stopping up
every other hole. The saccharine va
rieties make the best feed. If all the
sorghum is not used as green feed it
can be cut and shocked for winter use.
It will have to be left in the field until
needed for feeding, as it spoils when
stacked.
A Good Forage Crop.
Indian corn makes good forage If
sown thickly enough. The largest
planter plates should be used, together
with the fastest drill attachment, a3
thick planting makes small and tender
stalks. Corn which has well devel
oped ears is often used as a combined
grain and forage crop for "hogging,
down." The hogs are turned into the
field in the fall and left until ready,
for market. A few shotes turned in
later will clean up all the corn which1
the fat hogs have missed. Lambs get1
a great deal of feed out of the corn
field in the fall, especially if rape has
been sown at the last cultivation, and
do little damage to the corn.
Excellent fall feed can be obtained
by sowing rape or a mixture of rape
and clover with the small grain in the
spring. If there is moisture enough
in the ground after the grain crop is
removed a splendid crop of fall forage
will be available in three or four
weeks. Often the fall feed is worth
more than the grain.
An excellent forage crop for pigs Is
Canada field peas. They should be,
sown in the spring at the rate of one
half bushel to the acre, together with
two bushels of oats. If sown alone
the rate of seeding should be two
bushels to the acre. The hogs may be
turned on when the peas are in the
dough stage. In the southern parts
of the United States cowpeas and soy(
beans may be used in the same way.
Millet yields heavily and makes al
good quality of hay. It is also used
occasionally as a green feed. Millet
is a dangerous feed for horses, but
may be fed to other classes of stock
with safety.
Succulent Crops For Winter.
While not strictly forage crops, loot
crops, pumpkins and squashes answer
the same purpose. Sugar beets, man
gels and turnips yield heavily, but re
quire considerable attention during
the growing season. Carrots are es
pecially good as a horse feed. Squashes
yield as many tons of dry matter to
the acre as roots, are just as good
feed and are much more easily grown.
Pumpkins can be grown in large quan
tities In the cornfields with little ex
tra labor.
The National's Panama Number.
On his return from Fanama Editor Joe
Chappie, of the National Magazine, pro
ceeds to prepare an exhaustive and elab
ately illustrated account of the pilgrim
age to the Isthmus, under the simple im
pressive title, "The Panama Canal As It
Is." The article is preceded by "An In
dustrial Epic," a vertiable prose poem,
contributed by Professor L. H. Bailey,
of Cornell University, who was on the
Isthmus with the editorial party. The
readers are furnished with a specially
prepared, two-page map in colors, which
has been pronounced far superior to any
thing yet published. The map alone is
well worth the entire price of the
magazine, because it tells at a glance the
course of the Canal, from the Atlantic to
the Pacific, and gives concise outlines of
locks and dam. The Gatun locks are
shown in red, and the forms of the huge
monoliths stand out plainly in fact,
everything is so clearly reproduced that
it is the next best thing to a trip to the
Isthmus. Every phase of Canal con
struction is discussed with the cheery
freedom peculiar to the National.
hether he finds himself trudging
through cuts, bowling along on dirt
trains whisking over the rails in an in
spection or "rubber neck" car, bounding
along Panamanian streets in the curious
little cabs, or dining with the laborers
or in state at Hotel Tivoli it is all the
same to editor Joe. Every phase of the
work is touched npon and the description
includes an appropriate historic outline,
going back to the days of Balboa.
The article is divided into the follow
ing parts for May:
The Giant Locks of the Canal,
The Man-made Canyon at Cnlebra,
An Industrial Epic,
The Conquest of the Panama Jungle,
The Isthmus in the Days of Balboa,
In the Days of De Lesseps.
Crossing the Isthmus in '49,
When the Panama Railraod was Built
in '55,
These will be followed by the remaind
er of the article in June, including:
Social Life on the Isthmus,
The Canal a Proving Ground,
Changing the World Map,
In Costa Rica: Homeward Bound on
the Carribbean.
Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills relieve para.
Works of Art to be
Shown at Exposition
MiSM
Painters and Other Craftsmen of the
South Invited to Display Work.
Lloyd Branson, an eminent artist of
Knoxville, Tenn., who is chairman of
the committee for the art exhibit at
the Appalachian Exposition to be
given in Knoxville, September 12 to
October 12, is in receipt of inquiries
from prospective exhibitors, showing
that much interest is being aroused,
and that prospects are flattering for
that feature of the exposition.
Following are some of the rule3 gov
erning the exhibition:
First "Art exhibit" means and In
clude all paintings, sculpture, pho
tography, carving, handicraft, etc.
Second The collection to be dis
played by classification, each class to
be selected and displayed as such, and
separate and apart from other classes,
the classes to be "A." "B" and "C."
Class A. To include all original pic
tures and sculpture, other than me
chanical or chemical salts, in oil, pas
tel, water color, or black and white.
Class A to be passed upon and hung
by sub-committee, same to be ap
pointed by the chairman, Lloyd Bran
son, which shall include painter or
approved critics, with power to accept
or reject any work or works offered.
Class "A" to have two divisions,
"Professional" and "Amateur."
Class B. To include all photo
graphic pictures, ideal and portrait,
-plain and colored and half-tone. Class
"B' to be passed upon and displayed
by the photographers on committee,
with the power to accept or reject all
work or works offered, and further
more, at the discretion of said photo
graphic members of said committee,
Class "B" may be made into two di
visions, "Professional" and "Amateur."
Class C. To include all copied pic
tures (by amateur or professional, and
of every description), carving, burnt
wood, flower work, curios, handicraft.,
metal engravings and all work of
art'stic skill. Class "C" to be collect
ed and displayed by the whole art com
mittee, with the power to accept or
reject all work or works offered for
display.
Among other such rules as or
dinarily govern such an exhibit, it is
well to call attention to the fact that
all works of art, ether than loans,
which are sought by the committee
because of their especial and individ
ual attractions and values, such as
heirlooms, which the authorities wish
to borrow, will be sent to the grounds
at the expense of the exhibitor.
A spur of the railroads has been
built right to the grounds, and all shipments-will
be unloaded there.
No work of art which may be sold
during the exhibition can be removed
until after the close.
Those who are to serve on the com
mute chosen by Mr. Branson, chair
man, are: Mrs. J. E. Lutz, Mrs. J. R.
McDowell, Mrs. L. B. Audiger, Miss
Katherine Wiley, Mr. Joseph Knaffl.
Mr. Robert Mason, James Brake,
William McCoy, Martimer Thompson,
Barle Harrison, Mrs. T. G. Garrett,
Mr. Lloyd A. Freeman and Charles A.
Krutch, all of Knoxville.
Flying Machines at
Appalachian Exposition
Pleasure and Amusement Features
Are Being Given Special
Atention.
Dirigible ballooning Is one form of
sport that has been practiced but
little In the south, where the ordinary
balloon ascension, with its attendant
parachute leap, has lost all of its nov
elty, and now attracts but little at
tention. It will, however, have its
innings at the Appalachian Exposi
tion at Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 12 to
Oct. 12, next, where it will form one
of the features of the amusement pro
gram. Flights by large gas-inflated bal
loons controlled by steering appara
tus will be made from the exposition
grounds over the city at a height not
too great to be plainly visible to the
naked eye. The time of the flights
will be determined by atmospheric
conditions, for the trips will be made
when these are most favorable, if at
night large search lights will be car
ried in the balloons. Flights by avi
ators in aeroplanes will be given, also
for the first time In Tennessee with
one exception.
On Chilhowee lake in the center
of the exposition grounds special
aquatic attractions will be seen.
These will include exhibitions by mo
tor boats, both sub-marine and sur
face, in which the government models
will be exhibited. For those who en
joy thrills of excitement there will
be the latest devices for "shooting
the chutes," "making the dip" and
"riding the ocean wave."
A "midway" will be there, on
either side of which will be found
shows, some Instructive, others mirth
producing, but all of the greatest
interest and of the highest type.
There will be a fleet of the 6hlps ot
the desert, groaning camels, that will
provide their riders with all of the
sensations of the storm-tossed mar
iner, barring seasickness, as they
rise from and return to their knees
during the process of embarking and
disembarking the passengers. - Var
ied sorts and conditions of entertain
ment will be furnished for the var
ious classes of expositionists.
Norfolk & Southern Shaking Off
It Financial Trouble .
Raleigh Times.
It ia pood news that the troubles of
the Norfolk & Southern Railway Com
pany have finally been adjusted and
that company is now in a position
to go ahead with its work unham
pered from any source. This road has
a great field. It can do much for its
territory and its territory can do
much for it, for it is a section vastly
rich in resources. The final settle
ment of the troubles of the road puts
it m a position that both road and
territory can now go ahead and
work together for each other's inter
ests. euoner newspaper men realuw
that they are not running charitable
institutions the better it will be for
their bank accounts. New Bern Sun.
Read and advtrtlM In Gold Laf
Eighth AnnualGonvention
NORTH CAROLINA FEDERATION
OF WOMEN'S CLUBS.
Held in Henderson May 3rd, 4th,
5th, 6th, Most Delightful Ses
sion in History of the
Organization.
Homes and Hearts of People
of Henderson Opened Wide
to Charming Visitors Never
Before Has There Been Seen
a Grander or More Enthusi
astic Body of Women As
sembled Together Repre
senting The Old North State
Work of the Convention in Brief.
Last week we were only able to give
a partial account of the first day's
proceeding of the convention of the
North Carolina Federation of Wo
men's Clubs. Herewith we are giving
a somewhat condensed report of the
work of the convention including the
opening session, acknowledging our
indebtedness in part to the Nevs and
Observer:
OPENING SESSION TUESDAY,
MAY 3rd.
Representatives from the fifty
seven clubs that make up the North
Carolina Federation of Women's
Clubs, with many of their presidents
and the ladies of the executive board
are gathered in the hospitable and
delightful little city of Henderson for
their eighth annual convention.
The sessions of the Federation are
being held in the auditorium of the
county court house which has been
attractively decorated. Against the
background are eight national flags
surmounted by a large silk flag. The
platform is almost invisible beneath
roses, ferns, carnations and innumer
able potted plants. Besides the seventy-five
delegates representing forty
five federated clubs, many visitors
are attending the meetings and all
are receiving ereat inspiration. It is
an earnest assembly of noble women
presenting tonight one of the most
brilliant conventions ever seen in the
State. More beautiful women, more
handsomely gowned were never seen
in North Carolina.
The first gathering connected with
the convention was at the home of
Mrs. S. P. Cooper, chairman of the
Permanent Federation Committee.
She entertained the members of the
executive board at luncheon at 2
o'clock. This was one of the most
brilliant functions ever given the
members of the Federation. The
place cards, favors and decorations
were highly artistic and lovely. Pink
shades, roses and carnations made a
scene of beauty. Eight courses were
served. Those present were: Mrs. S.
P. Cooper, hostess; Mrs. Thad
Thrash, of Tarboro, Mrs. Eugene
Reilly, president, Charlotte; Mrs. Sol.
Weil, Goldsboro, and Mrs. James
Briggs, Raleigh, vice-presidents; Mrs.
Alice Fields, Kinston, treasurer; Mrs.
F. R. Harris, Henderson, auditor;
Mrs. F. L. Stevens, Raleigh, chairman
education; Mrs. E. R. Michaux,
Greensboro, chairman art; Mrs. E. C.
Duncan, Raleigh, chairman music;
Miss Gertrude Weil, Goldsboro, chair
man publication; Mrs. D. Y. Cooper,
Henderson, chairman industrial and
child labor; Mrs. A. A. Hicks, Oxford,
chairman reciprocity; Mrs. R. R. Cot
ton, Bruce, chairman child study;
Mrs. W. G. Rogers, Charlotte, chair
man household economics; Miss Ade
laide L. Fries, Winston-Salem, chair
man literature; Mrs. J. T. Alderman,
Henderson, chairman library exten
sion. The opening session of the conven
tion was called to order at 8:30
o'clock in Vance county's handsome
new court house. -
Rev. R. C.Craven made the invoca
tion and with the invitation of Mrs.
J. Eugene Reilly, of Charlotte, the
State president, who very gracefully
presided, the audience joined in the
singing of "Carolina." Mayor H. T.
Powell in an Inimitably witty and
cordial manner gave voice formally
to the welcome and hospitality of the
city which the visitors had already
received In such hearty and substan
tial manner. The words of welcome
from the club women of Henderson
as presented by Mrs. J.T. Alderman,
were delightfully appropriate and
spoken with ease and grace. Follow
ing Mrs. Alderman, representatives
from the four clubs of Henderson
brought messages of welcome from
their organizations, Mrs. S. P. Cooper
for the Woman's Tuesday Club, Miss
Rebecca Watkins for the Alma Club,
Miss Birdie Watson for the Student's
Club, and Mrs. R. Harris for the
Kensington Club, all the ladies speak
ing with an ease and grace that speak
much for the culture and proficiency
of club women.
Mrs. Chas. C. Hook, president of
the Charlotte club, responded for the
State in a brief address of apprecia
tion. - The'State president's address giv
ing an account of the progress of
growth In the North Carolina club
movement followed, seventeen new
clubs swelling the roll of Federaton
to fifty-seven.
Greetings from the allied orders of
women closed the evening's proceed
ings. Mrs. C. M. Cooper presented the
good will of the North Carlina So
ciety of Colonial Dames, as extended
by Mrs. James Sprunt, of Wilming
ton, the State chairman.
Mrs. Fannie Ransom Williams, of
Newton, State head of the Daughters
of the Confederacy, spoke very charm
ingly and feelingly on behalf of her
order, which is a unique one among
patriotic orders.
Mrs. W. H. S. Burgwyn, of Weldon,
brought kind words from the Kind's
Daughters, and Mrs. Cbas.D. Mclver
from the Woman's Association for
the Betterment of Public Schools.
After -the eloquent speeches were
listened to by a crowded house, the
delegates and members of the local
clubs wended their way to the beauti
ful new home of Mre.-R. J. Corbitt,
where the four federated clubs of Hen
derson gave an elegant reception to
the visiting delegates and club wo
men. MERIDIAN OF INTEREST
REACHED.
Tonight's meeting reached the me
ridian of interest. The opening num
ber of the program was the Federa
tion Hymn, sung by a chorus of
twelve feminine voices. The words
of the hymn were composed by Mrs.
R. R. Cotton, of Bruce, the music by
Mrs. E. C. Duncan, of Raleigh. On
motion of Mrs. D. Y. Cooper it was
agreed that this hymn be sung at the
opening of each annual meeting of
the Federation.
A beautiful instrumental selection
was rendered by Miss Mabel Harris,
followed by a charming vocal number
by Miss Lula Page in a sweet, inspir
ing voice, the theme of the song being
"May." Both numbers evinced fine
talent in the artists and were thor
oughly enjoyed.
The credentials committee's report
showed 72 delegates present, one new
club being among those represented,
making a total addition of 18 new
clubs since the last meeting.
On motion of Miss Weil, of Golds
boro, a nominating committee was
elected from the floor, the members
chosen being Mrs. T. P. Jerman, Ral
eighh; Mrs. C. D. Ray, Oxford; Mrs.
C. P. Miller, Greensboro; Mrs. A: B.
Kimball, Greensboro; and Mrs. F. C.
Abbott, Charlotte. .
The president appointed Mrs. Thad
Thrash, of Tarboro, Mrs. Mark
Quinley, of Greenville, Miss Emily
Hill, of Faison, and Mrs. Al Fair
brother, of Greensboro, tellers.
Miss Julia Parsley, Wilmington,
read the report of the Civic Depart
ment. It recited that interest in its
work was spreading from the larger
towns to the smaller communities,
and that there was sufficient work
for several additional chairmen in
every section of the State. The re
port was adopted.
The Library Committee reported
through Mrs. J.T. Alderman, of Hen
derson, and Mrs. Sol Wiel, of Golds
boro, two of the most prominent and
popular members in the State Feder
ation. Mrs. Alderman read greetings
from Miss Minnie Leatherman, secre
tary of the North Carolina Library
Commission. Through this Federa
tion the State Library Commission
was established, and its most recent
efforts are in the direction of travel
ing libraries and library extension.
Mrs. Weil appealed to the Federa
tion for help for the movement to ex
tend the benefits that the Library
Commission could so well distribute
with the necessary assistance.
Speeches on library work were
made by Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston-Salem;
Mrs. R.R.Cotton, Bruce;
Mrs. F. L. Stevens, Raleigh; Mrs. A.
L. Coble," Statesville; Miss Bertha
Rosenthal, Raleigh; Mrs. E. Stern
berg, Greensboro; Mrs. W. R. Hol
lowell, and others. Miss Rosenthal
moved that the matter be taken by
the delegates present and laid care
fully before their respective clubs, the
motion carrying after a lengthy dis
cussion. Mrs. F. L. Stevens declared that
$1,500, amount appropriated by the
Legislature, was a pitiful sum, for the
Library Commission, and that it
ought to be increased at least to $2,
500. She moved that it be made the
first duty of the legislative committee
to secure this increased appropria
tion, and after a discussion the mo
tion unanimously carried.
At the Fine Arts session Mrs. A. A.
Hicks, of Oxford, chairman of the Re
ciprocity Department, presided.
Mrs.E. R. Michaux, of Greensboro,
chairman, reported for the art de
partment. A majority of the clubs,
she said, had taken up work with ed
ucational and other departments,
and during the past year nearly every
club devoted at least one meeting to
the study of art. She spoke illuml
natingly on school room decorations,
declaring that the public school was
the place where chief attention should
be devoted in securing for the people
a more beautiful public life. The re
sults would be a love for the beauti
ful, an improvement in architecture,
in the adornment of grounds, and In
furnishing homes attractively. Love
for the beautiful, she asserted, in its
beneficent effects Is next to religion.
It would be impossible, she stated, to
get the State Art Commission at the
next General Assembly, but its estab
lishment was a surety in the future.
Mrs. E. C. Duncan, chairman, of
Raleigh, read the report of the Music
Department. The work is being car
ried on by several clubs in the State,
some of them making remarkable
progress. The original compositions
accepted by the judges to be render
ed at the Federation's meeting, she
said, were the Federation Hymn,
words by Mrs. R. R. Cotten, of Bruce,
music by Mrs. Duncan; "United,"
words and music by Mary Speed Mer
cer, of Elm City, and a lullaby by
Mrs. W. H. Speight, mother of "Mrs.
Duncan. These songs were sung, ac
companiments being played by Miss
Mabel Harris, of Henderson.
"In Moonland," a composition by
Mrs. Mercer, had been received too
late to be judged, but was played and
delighted the appreciative audience.
A telegraphic greeting was received
from Mrs. Philip W. Moore, of St.
Louis, president of the General Fed
eration of Women's Clubs.
A presentation of a bound copy of
all the papers read in the Library De
partment of the Greensboro Women's
Club was presented to Mrs. Reilly by
Mrs. Sternberg.
The chorus sang Mrs. Mercer's
hymn, "United," and Mrs. Speight's
"Lullaby" was beautifully rendered
byMrsR. M. Andrews, of Hender
son. Mrs. Duncan's report was adopted.
Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston
Salem, chairman, reported for the
Library Department, saying forty
out of the fifty-seven clubs had been
studying literature and thirty of the
forty had furnished her with informa
tion. Thirteen papers had been sub
mitted in the State contest, those ac
cepted being "The Yiking Age," by
Mrs. W. L. Nicholson, Charlotte, and
"The Development of theDrama,"by
Mrs. W. C. A. Hammel, Greensboro,
both of which were read before the
Federation, delighting the audience.
The number of meetings by the
Literary Department of the several
clubs vary, eaid Miss Fries, from four
to forty per year. The course of
study prepared by the joint commit
tee of the State Federation of Wo
men's Clubs and Historical Associa
tion, Miss Fries, Mrs. F. L. Stevens,
R. D. W. Connor and E. K. Graham,
suggested an outline for literary
study for the clubs this year, the first
division taking up the romantic
movement in literature, the next a
study of North Carolina history.
At 2 o'clock a luncheon complimen
tary to the Federation was given by
the Students' and Alma Clubs at the
residence of Mrs. A. C. Zollicoffer.
Mrs. Zollicoffer's home js beautifully
arranged for social functions of an
elaborate and brilliant kind like that
of today. The broad piazza, where
a number of the guests were served,
yielded in attractiveness only to the
charms of the interior. Although the
guests numbered more than a hun
dred, the service was so efficient that
club members were able to be at all
afternoon sessions and committee
meetings at the appointed time. The
refreshments were admirably adapt
ed for such an occasion. Those in
charge were Mrs. J. C. Kittrell, Mrs.
S. P. Cooper, Mrs. A. J. Cheek, Mrs.
A. J. Harris, Mrs. J. H. Tucker and
Mrs. R. J. Corbitt.
At 3 o'clock Director E. G. Rout
zahn, of the National Tuberculosis
Exhibition, addressed th9 Federation
by invitation, increasing the interest
and information of clnb members in
regard to the fight against the white
plague
WOMEN AND EDUCATION.
One of the most important reports
made to the Federation was that on
Education, by Mrs. F.'L. Stevens, of
Raleigh, chairman of the Educational
Department, which was as follows:
The Department of Education since
its beginning has directed its efforts
along the following lines: The estab
lishment of closer relations between
home and school; more effective
school legislation; increase in the sal
aries of teachers, with special refer
ence to our rural teachers; the placing
of a number of free scholarships pre
sented to the Educational Depart
ment by four leading educational In
stitutions of the State, the creation
of a loan scholarship fund for worthy
young women and the fulfilling of our
State pledge to the English scholar
ship for girls.
The confidence of the heads of our
State and other leading institutions
in the federation of clubs has been
shown in the gifts of free scholarships
placed at the disposal of the educa
tion department. These scholarships
include the State University, the A.
and M. College, Wake Forest and
Trinity College and represent free
tuition in these institutions. The ap
pointments are made by a ncholar
ship committee through the recom
mendation of local clubs which has
the effect of making the club women
of a locality alert in seeking out
worthy young men and women who
need this financial aid and but for
this impulse would probably not go
to college. The combined encourage
ment of a group of interested women
back of a young man or young wo
man is a powerful incentive to do
creditable things.
A unique and far reaching general
movement for education of women
and one in which the North Carolina
Federation has had a part is the es
tablishment of the English scholar
ship for young women which is to of
fer the same educational advantages
as are now enjoyed by young men
through the gifts of Mr. Cecil Rhodes.
This competition was open to all
young women graduates of a college
of recognized standing, the age limit
of the candidate being twenty-seven
years, tho only other restriction Joe
ing that she be unmarried. "
Finally the department wishes to
emphasize the importance of the lines
of work outlined for improved educa
tion conditions in this State. The
efficiency of our schools, the improve
ment of school conditions must de
pend upon the intellectual women of
our school communities.
A few things we must bear in mind:
1. That an iarnorant child is a menace
to the community. 2. The cost of our
public school system is measureanoc
so much by attendance as by ab
sence, therefore, cnmrmlsorv school
attendance is an important economic
question. 3. That education is pre
ventive.
All our federation movements are
worthy of aid and encouragement.
Education goes further than any of
the others and looks to the nreven-
tion of disease, to the prevention of
degenerate youth.
WEDNESDAY'S SESSION.
The Wednesday morning session
was marked by the credential report
showing seventy-five women present.
Followed bv the renorts of the of
ficers, Miss Gertrude Weil, chairman
of publication, gave an account of her
work in furthering the aims and poli
cies of the club women with the press
and the club magazines.
Mrs. W. G. Rogers, of Charlotte, re-
Eorted for the department of House
old Economics, telling of the growth
of real study and scientific informa
tion in the conduct of home affairs,
closing with a strong appeal for the
introduction of home science Into the
public schools of our State.
Forestry and waterways made a fine
report by Mrs. W. J. Cocke, who has
given not only her time, but paid the
entire expense of her work, which has
included the offering of prizes to the
school children of the State for essays
on the subject of conservation.
Mrs. D. Y. Cooper, of Henderson,
chairman of Industrial and Child La
bor, made her report, which was char
acterized by a strong appeal for the
Stonewall Jackson Training School
which the club women have under
taken to materially aid. Over five
hundred dollars have already been
given and two hundred and fifty more
was promised on the floor. Many of
the clubs not instructed as to
amounts are interested and expect
to manifest that fact materially.
At the noon recess The Woman's
Tuesday and Kensington clubs served
a delicious and substantial luncheon
to the entire Federation at the home
of Mrs. A. C. Zollicoffer.
Mrs. D. Y. Cooper entertained at a
ten course six o'clock dinner Tuesday
evening in honor of Mrs. Robert R.
Cotton, of Bruce. The place cards
were beautiful hand-painted repro
ductions of cotton bolls and blos
soms, a delicate compliment to the
guest of honor. The place cards
were arranged for Miss Adelaide Fries,
of Winston; Mesdames F. L. Stevens,
of Raleigh; E. C. Duncan, Raleigh;
Alice Fields, Kinston: J. E. Reilly,
Charlotte; W. G. Rogers, Charlotte;
Sol. Weil, Goldsboro; S. P. Cooper,
Henderson; G. W. Whitsett, Greens
boro; W. H. S. Burgwyn, Weldon;
Berry, Wilmington; Thad Thrash,
Tarboro; James Briggs, Raleigh;
Miss Gertrude Weil, Goldsboro; Mr.
D. Y. Cooper, Henderson, and Rev.
Thomas Chavasse, of England.
A unique fact was that the body of
women, with no men to desire or re
quest it decided to doff the big hat
during sessions.
The afternoon session opened with
the "Federation Ode," written by
Mrs. R. R. Cotton, and set to music
by Mrs. Duncan, and sung by a
chorus of members. The Federation
received this number with great en
thusiasm. Reports of chairmen of
departments was continued.
Miss Anna Cansler, of Charlotte, of
the Young Women's Christian As
sociation, was introduced and spoke
feelingly and interestingly of the
work of that ornanization.
The report ot the custodian, Miss
Daisy Denson, was read by Miss Fries,
acting corresponding secretary.
Reports from club presidents began
with the Asheyflle clubs, the Current
Literature Club, tha Women's Club,
the Friday Book Club, all read by
the secretary. . ,
in,a vn-nrr ffti.prins Club of Lnaa-
burn, the Women's Club, of Charlotte,
read by Mrs. Abbott, xne oesame
Club, ol Faison, Dy Airs, hickb.
This was followed Dy coniereuwa
of departments.
An fnterpfltincr nnd imDOrtant fea
ture of the convention was the
address by Dr. W. S. Kantin, secre
tary of the North Carolina State
Board of Health, on preventable dis
eases. A more detailed account to-n-ofhor
with nliheral extract from Dr.
Rankin's speech is printed on the
first page oi ine uulu ucac
THURSDAY'S PROCEEDINGS.
The sessions Thursday were no less
interesting than the previous ones,
reports of special committees and
the election of 'officers perhaps con
stituting the most important fea
tures. ....
At 1:30 P. M. an enjoyable lunch
eon was served by the Student's and
Alma Clubs at the residence of Mrs.
A. C. Zollicoffer. and at 6 o'clock a
reception was given by Whitmel
Blount Chapter, Daughters of the
American Revolution, at the Croatan
Club rooms, which was largely attend
ed and proved a most delightful affair.
The musical event of the week was
the Shakespearean lecture and recital
by Prof, and Mrs. Wade R. Brown of
Meredith College, given under the
auspices of the Contemporary Club
complimentary to the North Caro
lina Federation of Women's Clubs.
This was an artistic and enjoyable
entertainment and the large, cultiva
ted and appreciative audience were
made debtors to the Contemporary
Club ana Prof. Brown and his very ac
complished wife for the rich musical
feast provided.
Reports of standing committees
and reading the prize papers con
cluded the evening session.
FRIDAY'S SESSION.
The convention met Friday morn
ing at 8:30. Report of committee
on revising the constitution, unflnsb
ed business, new business, report of
committed on courtesies, minutes
completed, theDoxology and benedic
tionand the eighth annual conven
ton of the North Carolina Federa
tion of Women's Clubs came to an
end.
Officers elected for the ensuing year
are:
President, Mrs. Eugene Reilly,
Charlotte.
First Vice-President, Mrs. Sol Weil,
Goldsboro.
Second Vice-President, Mrs. James
Briggs, Raleigh.
Recording Secretary, Mrs. G. W.
Whitsett, Greensboro.
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. C.
D. Brvant. Charlotte.
Treasurer, Mrs. B. K. Hays, Ox
ford.
Auditor, Mrs. F. R. Harris, Hen
derson. General FederationfState Secre
tary, Miss Rebecca Watkins, Hen
derson. The social affairs given In honor of
the Federation are mentioned else
where. In addition to these there
were a number of formal and infor
mal dinners and suppers and the
week was one delightful round of
pleasure to visitors and home folks
alike.
This bv the News and Observer re
porter makes a fitting finale to what
was altogether a very pleasant and
successful event:
The people of Henderson have
exhibited a hospitality unexcelled
Every day has been replete with
social functions, enjoyable luncheons.
brilliant dinners. The delegates and
visitors to the convention have been
entertained royally, their welcome
was regal and the duties of host have
been discharged in a princely man
ner by Henderson. Without excep
tion the delegates declare they have
never enjoyed any meeting more than
this, ana attribute the major portion
of the delights to the providence of
the good Hendersonians.
Cruelty to Animals Should be Se
verely Punished.
Charlotte Chronicle.
The Waxhaw Enterprise pays Its
respects to the horse beater, who it
classes second only to the wife beat
er. "A horse," it eays, "is the most
noble and faithful of animals, and
the man who would abuse his horse
has something lacking in his man
hood. Farmers as a rule are kind
hearted and sympathetic, and abuse
of the beasts of burden is something
rarely witnessed in the country. In
the towns are often seen horses, after
being driven, tied to a post, exposed
to wintry winds orscorching summer
surfs, and cruelly neglected." An ac
tive Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals should be an in
stitution in every town in the State.
Torn a Deaf Ear to the Man Who
Pleads Drunkenness As An Ex
cuse. Charlotte Observer.
When a man of good standing and
peaceable disposition except when
intoxicated, and who at times gets on
protracted sprees, commits a violent
assault, threatening to kill while on
one of his debauches, should the fact
that he was under the influence of
liquor at the time be any excuse be
fore the law for his conduct? The
law says drunkenness cannot excuse
crime. Why then should the law be
appealed to in a case of this kind to
let the offending person go unpun
ished? Would not the friends of such
a person do him a grealer service by
allowing him to be punished for an
outrageous offense committed while
und the influence of liquor an offence
which he would not stoop to while
sober?
The best course to save such a man
from himself, as well as to protect the
public from his -violence when he is
drinking, would be to inflict such se
vere punishment on him for infrac
tion of the law as would make him
afraid to drink. Knowing what effect
intoxicants had on himself and feel
ing sure that severe punishment
would follow a breach of the peace
committed when drunk he would be
more apt to deter such a man from
drinking than the leniency of the
courts and the moral lecturing of
judges.
There would be fewer crimes com
mitted by men while under the influ
ence of liquor if it were thoroughly
understood that drunkenness in fact
as well as in law was no excuse for
crime.
The date on your address label In
dicatee the time to which your sub
crlptlon It paid.
Machinery Adapted to
Appalachian Region
Elaborate Displays That Win inter
Mining Men and Firms Alike"'1
For the practical men. thoe -h
visit fairs and expositions for h
they may learn that mav i,e 0, 1
tical .benefit to them, the fxh 4i-
machinery at the Appalachian
sition, to be held in KnoxviUe rJ
Sept 12 to Oct. 12, next. win 'hm , '
terest second to no other feature
There will bi a machinm- d;v
that promises to exceed ir. n'a
ways any ever before showiin'th
south. A commodious seen Pf .v
main building at the expos, --on r.J
been set apart for dispias m "
chinery, thirty-six spaces l.wu.c. bea
alloted for this feature, a: : airead
numerous requests for ;....: 'have
been received from some of ih, iarg(ir
machinery dealers and mair..f;u-n:'rtrs
of the country. It is beli . ; -hat th
applications for space will v m
numerous than the expusi . .I; ian
;:lv will,
' ! this
' machiu.
' i'- front
'1 to the
'-ere wm
f farm
at used
therefore, not be ootid!.,
building. The more deli. -a-,
ery, that which must Le :
exposure, will be assim..
building, and in addition. :
be quite an extensive disi ii
and mining machinery an.'.
ior quarrying in - anoint r structure
closely adjoining the main machlnerr
building. Knoxville heiri: iu the
heart of vast coal and ma i hie regions
the mining and quarrying machinery
displays will be one of ih- feature's
of the show. But there will also 1
numerous displays of agri. uhmai an
other kinds of machinery which, to
the practical, up-to-date fanner. w'i
be of keener interest than any o'.iier
feature of the show. The s.rtlon of
the main exposition devoted to ma
chinery displays has l.. cn so con
structed as to afford a solid earth
foundation, which will admit of the
operation of machinery, of no matter
what weight and lower, at f ill capao
Ity, and the visitor to the exposition
may see the actual tests of a comply
mill outfit.
Appalachian Region
Is to be Developed
Exposition in Knoxville Next Fall Win
Facilitate Opening Resourcei.
Development of the resources of
the Appalachian mountain region Is
now In its infancy. The creation of
the Appalachian forest reserve will
prove a great impetus to the section
of the south included in the Appa
lachian region, which covers portioni
of the states of Tennessee, West Vir
ginia, Virginia, Kentucky, North and
South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama.
It Is for the purpose of furthering the
Appalachian development that the
great Appalachian Exposition has
been devised, to be held at Knoxville,
Tennessee, Sep 12 to Oct. 1L of this
year. The exposition will include ex
hibits of resources and commercial
and industrial products of the Appa
lachian region, and will be a compre
hensive presentation of the great pos
6ibilitie3 of that section, which is one
of the richest in the whole world.
Coal, iron, gold, silver, lead, zinc, cop
per, barytes, marble, timber and rich
hardwoods are among the natural re
sources of the Appalachians. All
these are being extensively operated,
but the development now under way
is meager as compared to what will
be accomplished as a result of the
publicity given this section through
the Appalachian Exposition next fall.
It Is confidently expected that Il'itmO
people will see this exposition, which
will be upon a scale surpassing any
thing in the south.
Appalachian Bench Show
to Have Many Fine Dogs
Attention Be'ng Given to Railing
Dogs of Fine Breeds Appalachian
Exposition Featur;.
Thai there are many lovers of pi
igreed dogs in the Appalachian terri
tory of the 60uth will he fully demon
strated at the bench show to be held
at the Appalachian Exposition la
Knoxville, Tenn., from September
to 24. There will b-; doys of aJI breed,
from the tiny little black -and-tan and
the fluffy little snow-white Pomera
nian to the Great Danes and AircdiV
This show will be hold under the rules
of the American Kennel club, and ti
usual prizes will be awarded. It i
expected that one thousand doss wd!
be shown. t
R. P. Gettys. superintendent of
bench show, is organizing a kennel
dub among the "deggife" I'P!e 01
Knoxville that assures already the suc
cess of the undertaking
ARMY AND NAVY EXHIBIT
Will Be Part of Government Display
at Appalachian Expos tion.
' A&suranws have been Ken by oi
clals in Washington that the aray n
navy departments will have !ar?ei''"
creditable exhibits at the kw
lan Exposition In Knoxville. j";
September 12 to Octoh-r 12. or i-
year. The exhibits w ii! n ' ' ?
of infantry and artiU'-rv ;.nd "J
weapons, models of nav.:i vess ...
dlan war relics, typf s
the army, and other v
Interest the militant s;i
palacbian region.
,:: rat
. ...f at &
Some Wwld Reap Scant Harreit
Cornelias News.
doe
The Mooresville iwviv,MA
not think any decent (- ' r
vote for a candidate who u.
Bad, if that's the plank m your v
form, and ia adhered to, eJlu0t
some men out for office that w"
get votes enough to elect the" -ers
of hay scales at a livery taj -
... - . i.n.lv el
Instead oi envying u n caa
and trying to imitate fu-ia, jou rffc
mmn nearer reaDins suco K
tog out to do something for y"u
Greenville Reflector.
The prudent ypunff man ;
looking for a wife who
well," takes note of the ni'F' j
of her mother. If 6 he w p
trim, and looks as if she haa
with the work and kindly and loy
care, he may safely "ted wife
daughter will make averv goon
Farm Journal.

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