VOL II N- 113
HICKORY, N. C, FRIDAY EVENING,
JANUARY 26, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
GREATER MlRj; HED ROOT ENDORSES SEA POWER WAS SENATE BILL IS IMPORTANT OFFENSIVE
FOR CuUNTY NET FALL
Stockholders Have Enthusiastic Meeting And
Make Preparations for Larger Attraction
Fair to be Held Earlier in Season
A law and enthusiastic meeting
,f the Catawba Fair Association was
h,.! in the Chamber of Commerce
room yi'ftiTday afternoon. About
,;f v .n'kh(Iilers were present, and
tu.ii'ut .t part of the stock was rep-n.M.-it.
d I'ither in person or by proxy.
yhi-t wa. a called meeting for the
put'!Hf l,f changing the date of an
nual tiitvting earlier in the year, so
that utlVor and directors could be
ins ailed to take charge of planning
for this year's fair.
n the absence of President W. J.
Shuferd. Y'-e-President H. P. Lutz
presided. He started the ball roll-;
inir ly sta'.ing that preparedness wa3
essential to the success of a fair as
to that of any undertaking; that
the premium lists snouia De gotten
out at an early date, and that each di
rector should be assigned to some par
ticular work, and held responsible for
Af.er ascertaining that more than a
quorum of stock was present, th
mat er of changing the date of an
nual meeting was taken up, and by
unanimous consent the date was
chanirt'd to the last Thursday in Jan
uary. Then came the election of
the retiring officers G. E. Bisanar,
V, J. Shuford, IB. L. Arndt and R.
M Pi ts all of whom were reelected.
Discussion of date for the coming
fair was then taken up, some favor
ing one d ite and some another, ,but
it was finally decided that the stock
holders recommend that the directors
select a date somewhere between Sep
tember ") and October 15.
The secretary read a statement as
to the aivount of s'.ock subscribed and
not collected, which resulted in some
stroiv..' expressions as to why it had
not been paid up'. After hearing a
report as to failure to secure re
sponses to notification, Mr. Z. R
lluchanan made a motion that the
subscribers to stock who have not
puid up their subscriptions be noti-.
til l that : .iless they were heard from'
by February 11. the collection of their;
ftubscript'ons would be made under
due process of law.
Farm Demonstrator Mask indorsed (
the position taken by President1
I.utz in having -he premium lists
ready at an early date, so that pre
paration could be made to have the
livest kind of competition in every de-!
partnient He also requested that
the Fair Association furnish him a
tent so that he could bring his farm
club boys to the fair and keep them
there during the en'cire period.
After congratulating themselves,
each other and the entire community
on the phenomenal success of the last
fair, and wi'fh a resolve that the 1917
fair should make the 1916 fair look
like 1.3 cents, the meeting adjourned.
The directors of the Fair Associa
tion will meet at the Chamber of
Commerce rooms on February 1, at
2 p. ni.
(By Associated Press)
iWlashington, Jan. 26. The supreme
court has been asked to decide
whether the federal governmnet shall
pay $68,000,000 to former slaves and
their heirs for cotton picked in slav
ery times. 'Their claims are present
ed by N. M Johnson of Muskogee,
Okla., for former slaves and their
The suit is directed against Sec
retary McAdoo as custodian of gov
ernment funds and recites that the
slaves were held in involuntary ser
vitude and forced to gather the sou
thern states' crops. They received
no returns in labor, while the gov
ernment recovered $68,000,000 in
taxes in raw cotton.
The District of Columbia court dis
missed the suit.
CHINA TO SEND SOME
OBSERVERS TO WAR
(By Associated Press.)
Peking, Jan. 26. After more than
two years' delay China has finally ar
ranged to send military observers in
to the European war zone. General
Wang Hsai-li, former vice-chief of
the general staff and one of the most
confidential advisers under the late
President Yuan Shi-kai, was design
ated as an observer early in the war,
biV because of unsettled internal af
fairs in China and the difficulty in
selecting a competent staff did not go
to Europe. All arrangements for
his departure have now been complet
ed, and he has been authorized by
President Li Yuan- hung to leave
home at oncet
OLD FORT IS
DOWN YET ANOTHER
(By the Associated Press)
Paris, Jan. 20. For the third suc
cessive day Lieutenant George Guy
nemeyer is mentioned in the com
munication from the war office. To
day's announcement credits him with
having brought down a German air
ship on the Somme front yesterday,
bringing his total up to 28.
News wm received here today of
the robbery Thursday night of the
lHwt,lRce at Old Fort, but few detail
were learned. It was believed that
three men did the operation and that
'y made off with an.)u. -00 in
' imps and moneyl
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, Jan. 26 Private tele
Krams received today at the house
, pftlWHitatives announced the
"eath of David E. Winlay of South
Uro linu. IIe Wag ,n h ital at
' nurlotte, N. c.
(Ely Associated Press)
iChicago, Jan. 26. Paper manufac
turers and newspaper publishers met
here today for an informal confer
ence. An invitation to the members
of the federal trade commission was
extended and it was expected that
the various problems of the publishers
and the manufacturers over the
print supply would be discussed. One
of the newspaper publishers present
said the papers desired to give the
manufacturers an opportunity to ex-4
plain the high price of print paper.
"The manufacturers undoubtedly
have their problems to meet and we
want to find out what their problems
Iflre,' this TtfblisJier! titid
STATE IN REBUTTAL
IN SPANNELL TRIAL
(Ks A .ii ated Press. J
San A'hgelo, Tex, Jan. 26. After
it had introduced testimony to Dear
out the story told by Harry J. Span-
nel yesterday to show that L.ieut. m.
C. Rnt.lpr was known anions' his sol
diers as "Bull Butler." the defense
in the trial of Spannel for Butler's
murder finished its .case today.
More Ships Destroyed in
1916 Than Built; Facts
And Figures on Matter
(By Associated Press)
TO BE BY GERMANS AT VERDUN
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, Jan. 26. Elihu Root's 'Washington, Jan.; 26. There is, no
avowed sympathy with President 'n,ati in J?, ia
, r the future play a greater and a more
Wjilson s plan to establish world decisive part as to its destiny than
peace and his denunciation of Ger-that of the United, States, and the
many's course in the war expressed Monroe doctrine is as strong as the
in an address before the League of
National Defense of Constructive
Patriotism, last night was still the
subject of considerable comment to
day). Mr. Root's speech drew from Stan
wood Menken, chairman of the con-
George Von I Meyer, former secre
tary of the navy, said in an address
&(sfti night leiiqre .the congress of
Constructive Patriotism here.
iMr. Mieyer said th'ere was no doubt
but that the United States was de
ficient in sea power, and he pointed
to history, including that co-related
gress, the explanation that the gath- principal wars the United States
ering is intended to be neutral, re-' has fought, and to naval lessons learn-
gardless of expressions of individual , ed m the European war, to support
speakers who are free to say what
.'Universal military training urged
by Mr. Root also was urged by many
speakers, although the topics were
not on this subject.
his plea for a great navy in the fu
ture. Continuing, he said:
"B;ut how are we to get this great
navy with its efficiency and prepar
edness? The common idea is that
a navy consists in having a number
of shipsV The first essential of a
navy is a mind, which makes a neces
sary estimate of the situation, makes
plans to meet it and carries them out
which trains the men and designs
the ships. I stated last winter in
Washington at the Security league
meeting that the trouble with our
navy was that it had no mind.
"Mir. Daniels-took it as a personal
reflection as to his brain matter.
Navy men knew that I referred to
lack of organization, which in the ar-
mies and navies of Europe, are known
Washington.. Jan. ?6 The world
neace address of President Wilson to
the senate was interpreted by Elihu
Root in a speech herejast night as
ns admission that there is no way out
of war except iby tprenaratioh ,for
war. and as a denunciation of the
OMrse of Germany;. He said he wa.
;n full sympathy with the purpses
the speech which contained "much
wiiiiT iiirniinin:. i
,VT. Root spoke before the Nation- as, a stall, and l knew that Mr. Dan-
il Security League, congress of con- ie,ls. ,naa disrupted an organizaton
"tmctive patriotism, beginning a wnicn corresponded to a staff, and
three days session. ; which I had instituted in 1912 as the
(TTe appealed earnestly for a return outconw of the study of Admiral Ma
o the "basic principle upon which.?11 and a oup of officers. And
three years elapsed, before anv sub
dorsal military service, as the only , stitute was put in force,
adequate measure of defense Ameri-I ''.With a proper mind, or organi
sm freedom was threatened, he de-' zatln, efficiency can be brought about
lred. by the Principle of "liberty of f a. stuav OI war condfcions, oy
national evolution." asserted by Ger- Panning, by training, by discipline,
-anv. the application of which had bV energy by constant target prac
ytinf tha n-troimrliAlmi'Tia- nf Sai-hia tico by fleet maneuver, and annual
"nd Belgium, and which is approved moblization of the entire navy both
the world will wean that "cir 111 Aua ana Jracinc oceansi. - '
A..TT,p,ri-can Ifreedjom will sdrely die,1, Reparation lor war has always
nd die while we live ' Deen Known t0 e essential. It should
iThe former secretary of state con- De D,ecter Known now than ever before-
Mi- TXttlotn'o nm.i 4 iacK oi preparation has never been
'eaene of nations for peace as mean- due to ,lack of knowledge but always
'nerVh formation f o a convention un- nesect. A distinguished critic
er which liberty of action would be has. ?&ld the factors that decide
'eftto every sienatory power to. d&w natlon shall the victor and
ermine its duty towards: the main-, whl,chI tne. vanquished, are deternun-
nince of peacA !e? "f0 ne war oegins, they are
mie sneaker's plea for universal V- p, . ss- 11
nnVa oni Ki lonniofmr, nar.. '. court policies are sufficiently important
nanT Kmno-lit iia a.ron ffcwV to our well being, we must be ready
fe-.' cheering time and time again. maintain them by force. That
His address was the feature of a auuuiu nve suincieni lorce to
'lav filled with vigorous appeals formh t?e size and importance of our
- .... . - - i Tlll 11 1 ill1 '
imivrsal milit.arv trnimncr and Rpr. '
vice, which promises to be the central
theme of the congress, although a
long program in which other ques-
While the United States is ''pathet
ically weak as to preparedness for
war, Mjeyler said, it is exception-
tions of national defense will be , all.y wei! off m..tne raw material re
treated has been mapped out.
Alton B. Parker of New York
TWPsided yesterdlav and Senator
Sutherland of Utah at the night
quired for military strength. As a
peaceful nation it is not far-sighted.
'"Admiral Mahan tells us," he con-
tinued, ''that farsightedness is needed
a lor adequate military and naval pre
Stanwood Menken. first president of especially m Lnese oays
thW Security Leacme: Lawrence F.
A,bbott. MJrs. William Cummmg
Story, William Roscoe Thayer, Hen
ry U. Stimson, former secretary of
Furthermore, he told us that when the
canal through the Isthmus of Panama
was completed, the Cairibbfcan will
be changed from a place of local traf
fic to one of the great highways of
the world, bringing the interests of
other great nations along our shores.
niversal military service which will
be formally recommended in resolu
war; George von Mieyer, former sec
retarv of the navy, and Rear Ad
' I n c kknm vivvt-aw V a a kJ:A-. TT7kl.1.
erv speaker indorsed proposals for;"" "" "ttVC. ..""
nnir.ri.i ,iiitoTO aanri.a riii.v, 1 the responsibility of ,main'cainlng
I V , K tKll II J 111 tiCMM. V V 1V.U IV 111V.11 WW 111. 1 - ...
and protecting this great route of
commerce, we can no longer stand
aloof, or possibly keep clear of inter
"Our position with reference to the
Panama canal, will resemble that of
England to the channel, and that of
the Mediterranean countries to the
Suez canal. jHave we prepared our
selves for this responsibility, or is
the secretary of the navy studying
the international situation which may
call for the need of a navy in the
Caribbean, or of the length of time
that will have to elapse before our
navy will be ready to fulfill its ob
ligations? IHave any steps been
taken towards solving the problem by
making an estimate of the situation,
as is now adopted in the army and
navy staffs of all the great countries?"
Washington, Jan). 26. Interest in
Senator Borah's resolution to recom
mit the country to the policy of iso
lation and non-interference in Euro
pean and Asiastic affairs was man
In a long preamble, the Bprah
resolution quotes Washington's decla
ration in his farewell address that ''it
must be unwise in us to implicate our
selves by artificial ties m the affairs
of the old world; a letter written by:
Jefferson declaring that "ournrstand
fundamental maxim; should be never'
to entangle ourselves in the broil of
Europe;" and Monroe's historic mes-
sage to congress laying down the
doctrine of America for Americans.
The resolution then says:
P'Wihereas the policies thus early
(By Associated Press)
New York, Jan', 26. The cotton
announced by Washington, Jefferson market was quiet, but showed re-
and Monroe and ever since adhered 1 newed firmness early today and after
to by this country regardless of po- opening at an advance of 12 points,
litical parties, have contributed j sold 12 to 15 points above last
ereatlv to the peace and happiness of nieht's close. May sold a
the people of the United States and,
"Whereas, we 'believe any material
departure from these policies would
bale above last Monday's low record.
The market closed steady.
and happiness of the people .of the
United States, involving us, in all
probability, in the controversies of f
other nations; be it t
JRy Associated Press.) i
ahng-on, Jan. 26.Loss to the
imMthant 8hiPPin 1916!
m war causes exceeded the to-1
HtiinT"0 construct. according to
est''"tes announced here today. !
tSUnk are Pt at 1,149 of
IThe figures were gathered from
unofficial sources, but are declared to
be approximately correct.
(Great Britain led in shipbuilding
with 1,510 vessels of 619,000 tons. The
United States was second with 1,
213 vessels of 560,000 tons. Ships
built by all other countries are giv
en as 782 vessels of 720,368 tons.
United States reaffirm its faith and
confidence in the permanent ! worth
and wisdom of these policies and
etVt11 aaaV in oil W,a f ara iiAminff Yu.
fore it touching the intent of af- Cotton li
fairs of foreign countries, to con- i Wheat '- $1.90
form its acts to these time-honored
principles so long and so happily a
part of our own policies
I THE WEATHER
For North Carolina r Fair tonight
and Saturday; not much change in
temperature; moderate west winds.
(Bv Associated Press.)
Chicago, J)an 26l Announcement
of an embargo on eastbound ship
ments over the Pennsylvania railroad
west of Pittsburg put wheat prices
todav on the downgrade. Opening
prices which ranged from about the
same as yesterday were followed by
a material setback all around and
then a moderate upturn all around.
(By Associated Press)
Washington, Jan. 20. Railroad
strikes and lockouts are not forbid
den by the terms of a bill to supple
ment the Adamson law, which the
senate interstate commerce committee
virtually had completed today. Pres
ident Wjilson. had suggested that a
provision be included to prevent
strikes or lockouts pending investiga
tion. The new bill, however, would
make it a criminal offense coupled
with a heavy fine for a railroad em
ploy who had quit work to trespass
on railroad property for the purpose
of intimidating the road or doing it
(Another important provision of the
bill would authorize the president to
take over and operate such part of
a railroad or its equipment as is
necessary ot move troops or munitions
in time of war or threats of war.
Cof licting Reports as to Extent of Ground
Ga'ned, But Fighting Was Severe Germans
Continue Progress in Russia Compara
tive Quiet Elsewhere.
(By Associated Press.)
'London, Jan. 20,. An unidentified
Garnjin Vessel :aheed the Sqffolk
coast of England last night. There
were no casualties.
The following ' official announce
ment was given out today:
A small unidentified German ves-
(By Associated Press.)
Tokio, Jan. 26. The year 1917 in
ancient Japanese tradition 'is known sel approached the Suffolk coast last
as the year of the Serpent, believed night and fired a number of shells,
by the same tradition to be associated nly a portion of which reached the
with good luck and fortune.. The land. There were no casualties and
outgoing year, nown as the year of the damage was immaterial."
uragon, iuinxiea its traditional
the Dragon, fulfilled its
evperta':ion tnaf it woiild be accom
panied by progressiveness and devel
opment for the Empire of Jpan.
Among Japanese the serpent is al
ways regarded as the emblem of ood
fortune and on that account is re-
CLOTHING IN GERMANY
(By Associated Press.)
Berlin, Jan. 26. On the heels of
t.hft nilins1 wherebv clothes of orac-
ered instead of b?ing killed by the ticallv all kinds are obtainable only
great masses of the people. The hv tWfl who nossess a "Bezue-schein"
popular Japanese word "mi" meaning or Card entitling them to purchase
serpent also signifies "fruitful" be- new thines. and the provision that
cause its pronunciation corresponds nersons turninsr in wearable old suits
to the sound of the Japenese word for or overcoats are entitled to cards
fruit Thus ti e year of the Serpent without miestinn. there has been form-
is fruitful, rich and prosperous. ed an imperial 'Depot for Old
The goddess Benten, one of the sev- clothes "
en popular gods and goddesses of for- in this depot "all the articles turn
tune, is traditionally believed to he ed in by persons wishing new clothes
the patron of the serpent, and at ev- win be gathered, sorted out, repaired
ery shrine dedicated to the popular put in shape generally, and then par
goddess of fortune are kept a number celled out at low prices to those who
of the reptiles sacred to the deity. They cannot afford to buy new things.
are treated with reverence and some- nine department wiki experiment
thing of awe as the messengers of with the nracticabilitv of addiner oa-
the goddessl No 'farmer will destroy-per linings to threadbare suits on
a serpent, but will rather keep it and account of the warmth that paper
feed it. Many stories are told of o-ivea.
fiamilies having amass;ed wealth ,
through having kept and fed the cre
ature m their household as a treas
ure or sacred thing.
IThe last year of Serpent fell in 1906
when the Japanese army scored a
great victory over the Russians in the
memorable Manchurian campaign. Al
so the country witnessed a prosperous
and happy year with Unprecedented
activity and prosperity in commercial:
and industrial circles consequent
noon the conclusion of peace' with
(By Associated Press.)
In what appears to have been the
most important offensive movement
undertaken on the Franco-Belgian
front in several weeks, French
trenches for approximately a mile in
the region of Hill 204 on the Verdun
front werie captured yesterday by
the Germans, Berlin announces.
A counter-attack delivered last
night by the French failed to drive
out the Germans who captured about
500 prisoners and ten machine guns.
The Pari3 account of the attack re
ports its being launched along a
rather wide front near the Avocourt
wood for a distance of about three
and a half miles). The attacks were
repulsed except that the invaders
gained a footing in trench at Hill 304.
The German statement refers to
the other sectors as ''enterprises on
Dead Man's hill.'
iFighting in the Riga region, the
northernmost sector of the Russian
front, continues to show advances for
the Germans, who report positions on
both sides of the river Aa captured,
bordering on the TiruJ marshes. The
Russians are offering stubborn resis
tance, but have lost another town.
A Russian offensive early this
month was taken to be aimed at
Mitau, the German base of south of
Riga, but it failed. The Germans
now apparently have not only gained
such ground as they lost, but are
striking northward towards Riga. The
Russians are offering stubobrn resis
tance all along the line.
Operations in the other war areas
have been of comparatively little im
portance. iMinor attacks by the Ru
manians in western Moldavia have
failed, Berlin says, as did a Serbian
attack on the Macedonian front.
DESTROYED BY FIRE
(By Associated Press)
ICharlottesville, Va., Jan. 26. Fire
destroyed the chemical laboratory of
, . . T the University of Virginia early to
Buv a season ticket to the Lyceum t-i.-j.- i.?vi ii4-:.
Three first-class entertainments for . C- i vv, i tt;mtaj
1 ui tlieilll;io, Olio luaa nao iiiihi.u
SCORES HIT IN
EXTENT OF PROFITS
(By Associated Press)..
New York, Jan. 26. If any per
sons profited by the alleged leak on
the president's peace note the rules
committee will not learn how much
they profited, but merely which side
they were operating on at the time
the note was despatched.
This appeared to be the crux of the
its bow Thursday night before the changes m the third demand made
local public and carried off a cup of y tne committee on
praisethat Was all the more appre- kenwhea the new co
ciable because it was merited. "Thorns receiveu luu, uj,
and Orange-Blossoms" was the pro- iee-
duction and the Hub theatre was pack- l .
ed to capacity and then some. There
were one or two faults in the produc
tion, friedffy critics admitted, t' but
the situations were novel for some of
the company and a smile here and a
facial contortion there were not much
amiss. The whole company worked
like regulars, and they set a standard
that the average company making
small towns cannot live up tot. Ev
erybody admitted that. The Boy
Scouts were richer today by some $50
net, the expenses having amounted to
something fljike $30.
Those who saw the play do not need
a review oi it. ine setuiig was uu
(By Associated Press)
iSan Antonio, Jan 26. Dates of
departure for organization of the
first group of 25,000 guardsmen or
dered from the border were an
nounced today by General Funston.
Additional dates announced today in
cluded: First North Carolina infantry from
El Paso, February 1.
OLD LANDMARK BEING
The old "Billy Watts house", sit
ting on the Amity road, just east
of the Charlotte railroad, is being torn
downl iMr. M. T. Barnhardt, who
owns the premises, is planning to con
struct a modern dwelling on the
grounds. The old frame house,
which is a landmark of the county,
was erected by the Watts family al
most a century ago. Statesville
Proposes Convention to
Amend Constitution; No
Prohibition for Stubbs
Record's Special Legislative Report.
iRaleigh, Jan, 2d. Machinery for
n pnnst.itntional convention to be
he shores of the Mediterranean and- , , . ,TQO
, , ,, , , i VOUCH iUI LWU jcoia "viivv o
in London and the actors m the com- ,v". J , hmo
edy were English men and women, ular election was offered m the house
The old story of love, misunderstand- this mprning by Stubbs of Martin.
ing and then complete accord was Representative Stubbs in the pre
portrayed vividly and the originals bl to the bill declared the state
in this cast could have gamed some - nnninn to be the
fine points from the Hickory artists, constitutional convention to be the
The Record will not attempt to point "only sure and the most economical
out stars, but content itself with ob- mode of amending the constitution."
serving, like the large audience which He declared that a number of dis
cordant provisions in the present con-
witnessed the performance, that all
were guuu ciiuugn. , , ,
The characters as they appeared on stitutions snouiu uo j -
the program were: convention.
Lady Dowager Ryvers, Oneita Miller )Hig lan wouid submit this conven
MnabRyvsYHaynre S0Urbeer tion to the 1918 election and 118 del
lr Hu e or Henderson egates" would sit in the convention.
Tommy Swift H- M. Miller The said convention must not adopt
Lady Violet Ryvers.Margaret Taylor Q discuss any amendment relating
Lord Randolph Kyver f to prohibition.
n"ZZfZ.l- r-.nrl Plonk ; The house debated three measures
SCitl V;ancoiuiic t , 3
,Rnrf?an Witherspoon,nf state wide interest, but decimea
Officer His Double t t ke vote on them. The repeal
Lo ;v-""w"5"VSv Sh bf $25 tax on all artifically bleashed
The baby of Mts. M. 9. Clark, which Mw r-ortpd Thurs-
r.of in thP tim-- flour was favorably reported inuro
formance, likewise aeculitted itself day, but an effort was made in the
Fridav to put back $20 of it
Already there are requests that the vhe bm was ,ref erred again to th4
play be repeatea. j
bouse committee on agriculture.
The superior court judges Webb
and Kerr were in the house when
the act making discretionary the im
position of life sentences when juries
recommended mercy was considered.
It was postponed after an hour's de
bate; Jn the senate" Oates -of Cumberland
presented another' education bill which
indicates according to opponents of
it the defeat of the Turner bill pro
viding for the appointment of a cen
tral board of education which would
in turn appoint the county boards,
and elect the superintendent.
Senator Oates would have county
boards of education nominated in the
Democratic primaries. Jones of Ash
eville asked if the bill contemplated
the governor's appointment of such
boards. Senator Oates replied nega-atively.-
The issues will be threash
ed out on February 6.
.Senator Gough introduced the state
imerchantsr association ibi!l, propos--ing
the abolition of the homestead ex-
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