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-THE UNION COUNTY PAPER EVERYBODY READS IT"
THE UNION COUNTY PAPER EVERYBODY?EEDS IT THE MONROE JOURNAI VOL 26. No. 97. PUMJSHFJ) TWICE EACH WEEK, - TUESDAY AND FRIDAY MONROE, N. C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1921. i $2.00 PER YEAR 2ASH Major Heath Says Results Show Removal of Top Soil Helps Land Mr. horn Plyler. and Others, Whose Fields Were First Scraped, Admit Productiveness of Land Has Been Increased "Nagging Critics Scored. By W C. HEATH amount of fertilizer had been applied, Tim. to the recent agitation con- 'row for row. throughout the lecgih ceS tVtakiTot toSl for the of the field, the cotton yield from corn. a, ie . ,., whil.h these two acres was better than the by pr"'"cal experience and analysis, j vouched for by n.y good frieud. Sher- ;.......ii.u i f rati v forinni Hi . -". . legations made boih in print and con veisation. vin the road work began in May 191?. rnd when I, along with several Iteinov lug T-S(iil Allows Plants to Strike Humus. On another acre of my laud, from which the too soil had been removed. other unfortunate ones, had beenjand which 1 regarded as a "brag-naiiR-J and delegated a member of : patch." I planted same one-half in the red commission and electorate sorghum and one-half in peas and by an act of the legislature, I natur-lcane for forage, and I have never ally, it n hough having had some ex-JSetn a finer production, perigee in engineering, began laak- j While 1 canm l, lu the myriad of ing e.-tigatlona in other counties facts with which 1 have had to con of thr .-late so as to determine t lie I ifiul. recall the names of all parties propt course to pursue, and to as-j whose lands have been benefited by cenai.i what effect would be had in j the removal of top-soil. I am confl iio r. n nvi-l nf ton-soil for road build- ident that most of the farmers living ing purposes from open fields. To, along the Pagcland road can testify i,iv .- .prise, 1 was told that there i i() results similar to those secured on was itvultant damage to the pro-, ih lands of Mr. Isoni Plyler. rowler ductiv ocss or the land by removal 4 i.ee and mine, of tot--oil. and this fai t 1 ascertain-j Alter nil has been said and done, ed t ' ! Inie by a personal visit to no real farmer can deny this fact: sevi'.ii nullities that bad begun road As udvocated by all agricultural pa operaroas several years prior to I lie pcrs, deep plowing and sub-soiling is uuiIk 1 ...it ion of our work, and by corn . oit.icnro w ith road olfici..!.; in Otllt'l i-crilit road . rnuv :. the sion. ' pa: tit taken, end v.: ptodiictive ol good; and when, for iu sianco. 4. 5 or C inches of too-soiling ilea. This view was also sun-; have lioen renioveJ. untl tne land Is .11 by th state and federal ! then plowed as as deeply as it orlgi ithorities, and so thoroughly nally ik, it is naturally plowed ji.st t ,l am 1 in this matter iluit ! many inches relatively deeper my. through its toad commis- tlian ever before. Win n this is done, ill enter into a contract w ith ; 1 here is reieh"d rich plant food, ored llier.1 by iiitture tlirougli tin hing of the s.oil. thus obtaining 1 rum whom top-soil lias been 10 av tlutnagts even al ihi' wo years if ii can be shown , there the potash which is so vaiua- bet 11 i-'itained dues not show a pro duct!, ii 'ss equal 10. or in excess of. adjoin fields which have not been toe.cl. 1 ! the toad scrape. i Cltts Instance of Iiupiovoineni. I commercially. Deplores Criticism. Why U It lha' a terrace thrnug'u a Held is more ptodiictivc than th.' balance of the field? The answer: It 1: been demonstrated by toads j !y the fact of plowing, and by nlrea.!;- constructed in this county throwing up the terrace, the stored that ' ie above referred to couteti-1 plant food anil potash is brought int: tions r e absolutely correct, as evi- lactivity with the best of results. dentt.1 by the experiences Of the Top-soil required for roads does' land-o.v tiers adjoining the 100 or, not mean a soil with a super-abun-inorv 1.1. !es ol permanent highw ays jdauce of humus unless accompanied buiU ly your road coinmission: rnd by an untiHual quantity of gravel. In It ini!.!.t not be amiss, in this connec- fact, a proper top soil for road pur tion, make personal citations, and poses Is that which baa been worn out I re-noctfully refer you to those by the' leaching process of continu- whos-.- lands were "robbed" ot their top-si"l prior to the planting of their crop in the spring or rjstt, wnicn ous cultivation; which oftentimes, results In the abandonment of fields and the opening up of others with would be the only ocular evidence ! the attributes of virgin soil. that could be offered at this time. 1 have always felt a great Interest Tin hist field from which top-oil j In Union county, the place of my na was fik"ii for road purposes was on jtivity, und am willing to make sacri the Morgan Mill road, and belong- j flees In its behalf, but It Is exceed ed to Mr. Isotn F. Plyler. He serl-; ingly discouraging to find that In the ously objected to the removal of his great und'Ttaking of progressive top-.-oil, but now admits ttini no toad-buiUliug we ate -i nfotited with dar.1.1 a -whatever ha t occurred after ! nagging opposition, "-hlc:! i t, to say the .;, ing of a crop, r.nd the samolie least, inev, iaiu: 1: '. Instead Oi appl: ' to Fowl r Lee, who also throwing Inp --di: :er.i. ' ihe wny, own 1 oii'-iiy on i'ie same road. Ai.d now Is the ti .'e to as vour road whih' 1 dislike to teter to 'my own coin.-i; si :i In the eotu; '.. ' .1 -;f that cxp. 1 nee, will say that two acres of proj.ri whi.il will place - county my ! il l on an S-aere field on the (on a co-iipara' ivo l;.isis '. ' ; ticlgh 3m); -'! highway were scraped for boring c untie, In pro.fre: 1 road top-s--1, and 1 hut nfier the same building. Oi l I' I KS MM) Ilfll 111. l:i; ON I'Alt.M OK SILAS O. MM.I.IS New :ilcm Man )rev Shot (inn 011 Sbeilil Fowler ami Olllcers Jrlf. fit It ami Dry. Pil.is O. Mullls of New Salem township, staged a little gun exhibi tion :or the benefit of Sheriff Chf f (it tl l-'iwler, l)t-puiy Sheriff l'aul Griff.' :-. and lU ventie Ol lit er S. I". Dry l.'-t Frltlay afternoon when Ik; found 'hem starching his farm for a Mill. He encountered them in a deep Mretil: of woods, and with a drawn shot 1 .111 demanded to know "what bush-- they had on his place." The Sher! u walked towards Mullis.,with (he dti'wn gun pointed in bis face, anil c.'ltiil) pioceeded to txtraet the dant . t.113 weapon f 101,1 his hands. They i-laced him under arrest. He fore leaving for Monroe, Mullis be rime unruly, and the officers say they w- re forced to use t lu;r fists to Pubdi;-' him. When he ptesetited hiniscM before United Stales C'om-nil.-i'Uier Flow for trial there wtc neve; .! lirulses on bis face. Three still i-.hts. It wr.3 testified by the officii-, and three bat eels of beer were found on Mul'.is' farm, lie was bound ever to the Federal court un der a J "00 bond. "Idols of Clir." X.-w FiIi..i.:olce I'luy. The d:tncerotis S 'in'i Sea i. ! .: .Is mingled with London's Linuiio se slums In George Fi ..maurice'3 i-.r-si production, "Idols i.f Clay." . i. !. will have its first local rhov.in,, at the Strand Thtarte Wednesady and Thursday, iae Murray anJ David i'owcl ate the featured playets. The story was written by Ouidi l.'ergere. The central characters aie Faith Merrill, a pretty, innocent creator" living with her father. Jim Merrill, a derelict, anil his dissolute partner, Iilinky, on an obscure South Sea Isl and. Merrill and Dlinky sell Illicit rum to the natives in return for aeiuggled pearls. To the islanil coiees Dion Holme, a young scupltor, who Is drifting around the world In the effort to forget an unfortunate affair with a Lady Cray, in London. Fault picks him up half-consclons on the beach, and under her care not only his health, but his considerable talent for working In rlav returns. Later. Jim Merrill is killed In n drunken brawl and Dion, completely ror.lored. returns to London to take up his carreer ar.aln. The excll'ng ativentutrs th.it be fall Faith whrn she attempt to fol low him form the remainder of the action. It Did Not Help Auntie'K Nerve. (From the Youth's Companion.) Fundi reports a conversation be tween a harassed-looUing woman in the side car of a morlorcycle and a cheerful youth on the saddle of the same vehicle, which is moving at a scandalously rapid pace ovr the road. "Auntie," sa s the boy, after ihe fourth or fifty hairbreadth escape from destruction, "you're not feeling nervous, are you?" "I am, rather," says auntie. "This is only my third experience in a mo torcycle." "Vt-ll, you've beaten tne," says the boy, with a happy grin. "It's only my first.'' If you will pretend to be cheerful, yen will be astonished to ftid how , quickly pretense becomes reality. Dixlulni: tli( Iviie. Little Margaret was dressed tied told not to get herself dirty before dinner. Later she was discovered slid ing down a bank. Her mother told her to come Into the house and, as siihu as dinner was over, she would have to-be punished. When dinner was nrnouced Mar garet did not come to the table. A search revealed her upstairs, playing with her dolls. Asked why she did tnt come to dinner, she said: "Mother said she would whip me as soon as dinner was over, so I am not going to eat any dinner." i..st0,"l fill 110,, ju'U -SJ.1.W SriuiiMAO o-HiqA iiuiu Bs.xnguq ouo -!t!j-pp3 o.;i 11 omojeq uu, q.u I Consular reports tell ur that cheap I American talcum powders are com jpeting quite successfully with the : Japanese article In the Dutch K;t IIiitl'iM. That, howtver, does not pre- veal its being cheap at tw ico the price In the U. S. A. I Yes; the sun has spots, but don't (think of the spota: think of the light. "NOYUS HOMO" SUBMITS A FEW QUESTIONS TO PRICE Ua Also Advocates the Construction of IttuMls lty liirect Taxation Instead of It)' IWukK SAYS IT IS FOIJ.Y TO ISSl'K THtM By XOVU3 HOMO. We were of the opinion that Hon. James N. Price was partly responsible for the much maligned revaluation act, and also for the Union county road law, with its bond issuing pro vision. If he is, then why Is he so up in aims against his own work as a law maker, and if he is not, then what was he doing down at Raleigh when these unholy, unjust and abso lutely ridiculous measures were be ing framed and put over on the peo ple who had sent him down there to guard their interest? It seems that Mr. Price did not get aroused about the matter until he went to pay his tax, and found that live bales ot cotton were required to meet his part of the running expenses of the State and county government. He does not tell us how much proper ty he owns, and since the same rale of tax applies to him that applies to other people in the State, we ate in clined to believe that the ex-senator has just live times much property as the man who paid his tax with one bale of cotton, or ten times as much us the i.ian who paid his with half a bub'. Shouldn't Object In Healing Ills Pali of Taxes. When the t.u rate is GO cents on the one hundred dollars worth of ptoperty, the man worth one bundled aboo I ue exemption pays (10 cents, and Ihe mail worth ten thousand pays one hiinilitd limes us much. According io this toiitarisou .lr. Price seems to be a ery wealthy citizen, and we do not think be should object to bearing his part of the expenses of running his government. .Maybe the State t;j collecting and waiting Ihe people's tax money, if It Is, then llio proper thing is to advocate cur tailment ot expenditures, and the best time In the world to do that iswliile the legislature Is in session, and not wlu'ii we go to pay our taxes, luxes lu i:iiit)te. There Is one thing we need to learn in this country, namely ; That laud- pwnershlp carries responsibilities as well as advantages. The more ad vantages vouchpufed to a citizen, the greater the responsibility until a comparatively short time ago. The owners of tlm lauds in all European countries were required to support the crown, and to pay into a fund a sum sufficient to maintain the necessary army forces to defend their possessions. Tills was deemed proper because the stcurities guaranteed by government were of sufficient Impor tance to amply repay the cost of iiuinlaltiance of both the executive .f Ihe various branches of govern n.ont, and also the military forces, 'l'h ' poorer classes who had no pos sessions, urd who, consequently, en joyed none ol such government se-euritie-; were deemed 110L liable for the expenses incurred in maintaining the nuj-hiaery. Modern financiers and Kraft era have Invented a new arraiigeiiieut of taxation which has shifted Hit burden of tax.iiion from land to labo. Thus securing to them'elvei ;;!1 the benefits of owner ship of natural provision and paying only Mich a sum therefore as 01 hers who have none of these things pay on the possessions brought them by the application of their labor. Should Tax Land, .Not Labor. This met hod of taxation and monopolization of natural resources, placing all the burden of monstrous taxes on .the class that is ulivadv down lias brought us to the verge of bankruptcy and ruin, and with all this in rull view we are planning andsehomlhg all the time to place a greater burden on the eln.?s already crushed, and less on the class who are rertiving nil, or nearly all, the benefits ot civilized t?) government. As an illustration, when we decide to build roads, instead of levying '.axes to pay for the work of building Ihe roads, we Issue bonds untl sell them to the wealthy rlass of our citi zens w ho enjoy the bent fits of the better roads, while at the same time they not only do not help build '"in. but charge us a sum for the use of 1 he money, equal to the cost of the roads f very twenty years. 'I bet ef ore labor builds the roads, pays the in terest on the bo 11 ils, and if the bonds are ever paid, labor does that too. If a proposition to retire one hun dred families in ihe county on a one thousand dollar pension to each fami ly each year was submit led to a popu lar vol of the people, we would de nounce the man, or men, who sub miited it as a monstrotis set of fools,, ami would vote it down before break fast. Yt( this Is exactly what we will do if we vote $2,000,000 worth of bonds on the county to build 10,1 Is. instead of levying a tax for the pur pose. The interest on the bonds will amount to $100,000 at five per cent, and would keep the one hundred families in perpetual idleness with a pension of $1,000 each. Isn't 'it folly? He who ploughs Fttaight does much; he who thinks straight does more. A wriier of nolo has stated that the . tale of Tex.t.-i, under Intensive cultivation, could produce ti,i-':h food st u if s to feed the world. 4: its far as It goes, flu ! v.- aoo'.t the drinks? Bickett's Career Should Be A Pride To Every Citizen And An Inspiration To Every Youth, Says Roland Beasley I -' ) i t ;j: A fa. VrxSOf V V l '. f , - 1 ' k 1 U.mm iinit. i- mmtt )m hrfjOatouJ U..'t.-.. .... .? nn' fl1; UNION COUNTY MAN HAS MADE GREAT EXECUTIVE Old College-Mute Pays Ort-nt Tribute to One of orth CarolniaV Most lrogressle (.eriMrs. ILS IIAII INTFHKSTINti C.VKF.KU t.OVF.KNOli THOMAS WAI.TKU KICKKTT, SAYS HE WOULDN'T HAVE IPEA-SUPERSTIIICN NEW DONE If FOR THE WORLD! ONE TO LUTHER HUGGINS lUnsoni llancoiii i :irecs I'.cif it t Over the Killing til His IlitUlier, Charles lluuconi. WIU SCION K AT HAI COM S IIO.MK "I wouldn't have done It for the world." said Ransom UaucMn, slay er of his own brother, as he met the officers who hnd conic to take him in custody. Tears streamed down his cheeks as he shook bands with Sher iff Fowler. Close by, near the road, lay the body of his dead brother, with a hole about the size of a saucer lu his left breast. Just over the heart. Death had been Instantaneous. The killing occurred late Saturday afternoon at the home of Ransom Ilaurom, in New Salem township. While the office: were bringing their prisoner to Monroe, another brother, Caston rhincom, was at U11 ioi ville have wounds,, which he te cehed front a blow by a gun that was usetl In the killing, dressed. The story of the killing was related to the officers by Ransom Daucom. Hi two brothers, Charles and Caston Kaucoiii, he said, came to his store about 6 o'clock Saturday afternoon to buy some gasoline. He refused to sell them any, and they rode away, firing a pisiol into the air as they receded in the distance. Some of these shots, the prisoner said, struck his house. About thirty minutes later they returned. He met them In his front yard, and an exchange of words ensued, the argument finally termi nal ing In a strenuous tussle, It was said, with Ransom on the- enemd air: one of the brothers on top of him. Getting up finally, he claims to haxe secured his shot gun, and wii!i a renewal of the fight, he struck Ca-ton Haiicom with the pNiu, and I hen fired it at his other brother, Chules Haucom, the load of shot talrng effect in his breast. In giving his version of the shoot ing. Ransom talkd Incoherently, and when the officers questioned him in to how be secured the cun he ad miited that h;' was so frightened that lie waa unable to remember. It W!s a wild, desolate scene al tbo hoi so that greeted the eyes of the of ficers. W. II. lluuconi. father of the boys, vas on bis knees in prayer, and Ihe air whs rent with the screims and cries of the women of the faniilv. Hanson, himself, prnyefl nt intervals, and he was a disheveled, usilulVd man when he reached Monroe. The gun that was used In the kil' lim is said to be the same one that had severely k'eked a young son of Ransom Itnecom seveial weeks ai'o, resulting in bis nViih. Chaib'S Ilaurom, Ihe iirin who w 11 killed, Is about thirt v-t luce e.irs of ace. while Ransom Ilaiitom is about ihrity-five years of atn. Roth men have several children. This is the second imirdet of it" kind to have been committed In this county within the pist year, a South Carolinian having killed his brother near Mineral Springs as the result of an argumint as to whether they should continue In their car on to Monroe or return home. ."tliulivilli Man Says He Never lleaitl of It Until It Was Mentioned by Wilmington Friend. Xt) LOM.FH Il.U K.WOOD SUCTION When doctors disagree they look wise, quote a lot of Latin, and charge it up to the pntitvit. To the Editor of The Journal: It apepars that you have started o:uet!ii'ig by your statement in a l eeeiit Issue of your paper that few families in Union county were with out peas for dinner New X ear's day. You doubtless Intended no reflection upon your native county by said statement, but 1 believe your concep tion of the superstitution of Union county people is rather exaggerated It Is a fact that Union was once looked upon as a poor, back-woods reel Ion, having been formed from the gullies of Ansou anil the pftsiiiii'inn orchards of Mecklenburg, but that day has passed. Union county now bears the dis tinction of having more rural home owners and more rural telephones 1 than any county in the Slate. The I writer was reared in south Marsh jville and north Lanes Creek lown- ships and had never beard of the I superstitious Idea of eating peas on j New Year's day until Christmas wk 'of l!U'i when a former resilient of I Wilmington brought the subject into j conversation. j Your reminiscences and Interviews On other superstitious Ideas, however, I affords an opportunity for me to ! furnish some first-hand Information, ' e';ieciallv in regard to small 'possums (Climbing largo trees while large ones 'eoiitci.t theniselvis with a perch on : i!hes or other small growth. Hav- ii..; Ie en reared on a farm ami there lore having experienced all the thrill ing adventures the country boy is heir to, 'possum-hunting became second ! nature to tne years hco. Hence it I has been tny observation that the Ismail 'possum does invariably hunt the tall timbers when th" "!h"mi' jdawg" gels in behind him, this be cnuse of Ihe fart Hint he is "skeered" ! almost to death, while the larce one shows his contempt for the "nfasly jcur" by climbing .lust hiuh en vi;h to ' -'el out of reach of his pursuer. Just ,11 this point 'iivsuiii liii"!lii:enct coiiics lo ;in end and he ni've;- lot a r.ionitnt stops to relLet tint iV dot' is backed up in hit murderous design by a human beinr w 10 is inl'l'ii'ent enough to use unsuspected methods - in securing his prev. L. r:. IIUC'IIV. ' Mnrshville, N. C. Jan. 10. 3 921. Hut They Probably Were Not I. teen. ' It was the govern-'ss's birthtl y. 3 nil the little srirl had carefully saved fifty cents of her own money to buy n gift. Oayly she went shopping all alone, savs the Springfield Union, ami .came home bearing a package very ! triumphantly. I "What tliti you fct. dorr?" asked 'mother, who had refrained from even suggesting a gift, believing that thus the child's initiative and Individual ity would be developed. "Handkerchiefs," came the happy replv. ' "Handkerchiofs! Rut you couldn't got many for fifty cents, could you?" "Oh. mother, I found a nice pbee where I could get ten for fifty rents, and of ronre I bought "em." Wc ettitorb nn- at hes't a tr -ful hunch of'f'O'ov ;-. ' .' : 1 '. In 0 tltvi") ;,-( 11 'u t ; ',;,,,o we have ,0 if. c 1 v ', : II. nates to Ills Virl'les ivii-o we know darned well he U j shaking bands with the devil. Cnssip takes an inch of truth r.nd stietrhe it into a yard of story. Hasten: otherwise you may not have tomorrows nough to correct the mistakes of your yestetdays. By H. F. BF.ASEY. Raleigh, Jan. 10. At noon Wed nesday Governor Bickett winds up fourteen years of public official ser vice to the people of North Carolina. His career should be a pride to every citizen and nn inspiration to every youth. We ate in the habit of look ing back lo our great men of thejiast to lind examples of great devotion and great service, and are too prone to overlook such examples within our own time. I unhesitatingly say that the career of this tine son of grand old Union county affords as Kit at an example of unselfish de votion to humanity as is to be found in the Ion : years of our past history. Opening ' is last address lo the getiet.:! a.-. tMiil.lv last Thursday, Governor 1. leliet t said: "The :,.. il;iiu thai I make for myself ami the woman who work ed and wali.. ! i my side is that in peace and in vur we have diligently 'nueavoreti 1 . t- our position as a lever to iiil the Mate lo higher levels and as a liiiht to bail the people into more excellent Ways." Ami this piineiple has guided aim not ii a.-, governor but all through his career. Know hit: him from boy hotel as I have 1 was iiuitati-i.t for lain re, 1 felt that at last he had em thought of accepting or sti l:,iir an office. And when tlr people of Franklin, his ."dopted cuun'.y, dieted him in the full of limo to the legis lature, I felt that at last he had em barked upon a career which I felt confident would not stop until the people had called him to their highest service. And when he made the speech at Charlotte that caused him to be qpmiQated attorney geueial and showe'd the state that a new and wonderful force had arisen anions us, I was not a whit surprised. I knew pertectly well what that rowdy and eager crowd would do If they could be made to hoar only his first few paragraphs. He had come to the legislature with one and only one bill lu his pocket. That was a bill to provide more adequate treatment for the in sane people of the state. Looking over the record since that first ser vice in the legislature with the hill for the insane, through eight years as attorney genet al ami four as gov ernor, I know that it was 110 boast when he used th.' words quoted above as to the principle which has guided his olficial life. He has sought "to lead the people in more excellent ways." Above I said that Mr. Bic'ii"t't3 career ought to b: a prills to every citi.en and nn inspiration to vouth. Why? Not alone because he has made good, but because he has made gootl on the single and simple plat form of "trying to lead the people I Into more excellent w ays." lie has I won without stooping to anything. Not in all his career has he deemed I It necessary to be aligned with any I faction or any Interest, or. to serve :any thing or any put pose other than this high deM. We are prone to say and to think that politics are bad 'and politicians selfish. Rut here Is Ihe finest sueess based upon ability 'coupled with Ideas of service. Not lis not the significant thing that a 'man can be found who is willing to serve, but that the people themselves will stand by a man who does serve If he has the abaility and the de votion nece'sary lo challenge their support. Neither patriots nor pit triotism is dead. ! Mr. llickotl has a great passion and a gre:tt art. His passion is for find nu the right and the just way and his a t U in iiii'kinr thai way appenr gootl to ot):M' people. He r-cognizes as no other public 1 inn I know does, the fact that fundamental righteous ness in all human relationships !s IhO most abfivhing quc-Hon that con fronts modern socio; v, and through all his oiTicinl I ff this has b 'en bis quest. It has been bis mot if. "In all thy getting, get wisdom." This wImIohi is ihe primary thing need ful In our detnocrary today. Of the many hie tlrngs of this adtiiinistrat Ion, 1 "anno! now r-penk. I aM spesk'ng ' motive. In th liiidsl of Ihe sell nis things of peac? and w-ir. Governor Rickett's person ality ha.-. t"-i ;, bright and lasting sparkle. 1 ctunot count the times' that I h.'v" heni-fi him Fpeak, nor the great pe dvs he has made. But 1 have never heml him make a dull or fiibbv one anywhere at any time nor of nnv length. His enthusiasm, his briehtneso nnd his novelty are as great today as they were, ten years ago. He has not gone stale. And he goes out of office as fresh and power ful n he can.e In. No governor of tnv tiuie has bad any tmjre inflnetip? with the letislniure pnd vi J. fias made no enemies, threatened no ons nor offered any reward other than the pleit"ro which comes from vvalkit.Vin "the more excellent way." Put off unimportant thines until tomorrow and then forget to do them.