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ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C.
1EI1I01 rininnnp nnnirn CONSUMMATION OF TWO YEARS OF EFFORT WAS ACHIEVED ON FEBRUARY 23. MOST DIRECT TOURIST ROUTE Road Gangs Along This Lino, Also In Georgia and Sou.h Carolina Very Busy Grading and Filling. Raleigh. Consummation of the thoughts and Ideas of the several communities In terested as to the desirability of a bet tor method of communication with the world, North and South, was achieved when on February 23 the South Hill Henderson Bridge was opened to trav el and traffic, The new bridge shortens the dis tance from Richmond to Raleigh be- tween North and South, twenty miles, and from South Hill to Durham, the route is over the South Hill-Honrier- son bridge, and through Henderson and Oxford. In a recent communication from one of the officials of the American Auto mobile Association, the following ret eronee was made to the now route "We nre going right ahead with preparing new detailed strip maps showing the main route down through Richmond, South Hill, Hendarson, Ra leigh and PInehurst so that by next fall the procession of motor cars car rying tourists from tho North to the Southland may be directed over the best and most direct route. On our Inspection trip through to Florida, wo found that all through South Carolina and Georgln the road gangs are very busy grading nnd filling along the main lines of travel, especially along the routo, or course which we Expect to routo our members over during the r,;:;ing season. The State Highway Commissioners advise us that condi tions will bo hotter than ever before down through the Carolinas and Geor gia so tytf tho usual difficulties will not be experienced In'getting through. Of course the Virginia section has boon well taken care of, and Commls sloner Coleman Is making a real high way throughout tho Slate." Insurance Company ts Warned. Insurance Commissioner Stacy Wade served notlco on the Belt Auto- molble Indemnity association of El Paso,, 111., that It cannot do further business In North Carolina or get its unapproved contracts approved un less there Is quick and radical im prove ment In the business methods of the company. "Ths stand Is taken," said Mr. Wade, "Not because of any flagrant violation of the Insurance laws." Governor Morrison to Speak, Governor Morrison has accepted the Invitation of the North Carolina Mer chants' association to deliver an ad dress to that body when It meets in Greensboro on April 7. The governor spoke hero to a group meeting of bankers, enjoining tho financiers to do the pntrotic turn by the state now, Jur.t as much as they did by the na tion when It went to war. Prohibition Agsnti Active. Chlof Federal Prohibition Agent Onlley and Agents Ranes, Richardson nnd Brady last week arrested twenty men on charges of violating the pro hibition laws, captured eight stills, confiscated a large amount of whis key. Sustains Lower Court Verdict. The Bupreme court upheld a verdict 'for $3,500 damages given In Bruns wick superior court to J. H. Cotton, a well known white man of the county, because of a slander made against him by officials of the Fisheries Prod ucts company of New Hanover. "Baptist Bishop" Is Dead. Rev. J. D. Hufham, D. D., one of the best known and most highly esteemed Baptist preachers in the state and re ferred to by many as "the Baptist bishop of North Carolina," died after a brief Illness. Commissioner Shlpman Return. Washington, (Special). Commis sioner of Labor and Printing, M. L. Shlpman, who has spent two days on matters connected with the national and state employment service for Ncrth Carolina, left for his home. Mr. Shlpman had quite a lengthy confer ence with the new Secretary of Labor James O. Davis, who Is much In terested in the employment service. Mr. Shlpman gets the Impression that the prosent arrangements with relation to the work In North Carolina will be continued. Storm Does Little Damage. W. P. Corwlth, of Saluda, N. C, president of the North Carolina Hor ticultural society, and a large orchar- dlst, expressed the opinion that no great damage had been done to the fruit of western Nbrth Carolina by the storm which swept that section. There wag a temperature which caus ed Ice to be formed and high wind continued from nightfall to shortly be fore daybreak. 1 - All orchards of the Saluda section are In full bloom. North Carolina on Honor Roll. North Carolina get the' place of honor in gtatistlc on divorce which have Just been made public by the International Reform Bureau. The figures are for 1916, a normal year, and Just before the world war. Nqt Including South Carolina, where there 1 no divorce law, nor the Catholic church members, a Roman Catholics allow no dlvorcel except for special dispensation of the Pope In rare case the rate for all state In 1916 wa 136 per 100,000 net population, or Includ ing the entire population, ill Governor Calls a Conference. Governor Cameron Morrison has caikd a meoting of the heads of the various state institutions which have building program's uncompleted at the time the offloe of building com nibision and state architect were abol ished for the purpose of discussing ways and means of carrying this work forward to completion. At this con ference, which will be held during the first week In April, according to the present plans, the governor and the institution heads will map out ways and means of carrying forward tho work the building commission had un der way when its official head was cut off by the legislature. For tho present, Engineer H. A. Underwood, who was the chief engi neer of the building commission, has been placed In charge of the office of the building commission for the pur pose of hundllng matters pending the development of a new plan. Mr. Un derwood, it Is understoqd, has been of fered the general supervision of the building program of some of the in stitutions after he Is released from the work of the old building commis sion. The Instlutlons will have to have some one not only to completo the work under way on March 1, but also some one to take general super visory charge of the new building program which will be started dtrrlng the coming summer. Warned by Secretary of A, C. A. Unless farmers reduce their cotton acreage for the next season at least 40 per cent It will continue to sell far below tho production cost, declared Winston D. Adams, secretary of the American Cotton association, In statement on the condition of the tor tile Industry and a review of Its status for the last 12 months. Cotton manufacturers are heartily in sympathy with the movement for reduced cotton acreage, Mr. Adams said, The prosperity of the farmer depends upon the prosperity of the cotton manufacturer, and vice versa. Telephone Hearing Comes Next. The slate corporation commission cleared Its calendar of gas rates cases and began preparations for hearing the petition of the Southern Bell Tele- phono company and subsidiary com panies with exchanges in North Caro lina. The telephone siege baglns with the prospect that another week will be consumed in hearings. Every city in the stato, including Charlotte, Ashe- vlllo, Raleigh, Wilmington, Greens boro, Winston-Salem and Durham will oppose the Increases the com panies are asking of the commission, Riven and Harbors Allotment, Chief of Engineers Beach, of the war dopartment, has mado the follow ing allotments for North Carolina rivers nnd harbors work from the last appropriations by congress: Manteo !Shall6wbag) bay $4,500; Pamlico nnd Tar rivers, $S,500; Neuse river, $13,500; Swift creek, f S00; Con tentenea creek, $1,500; Trent river $1,000; waterway connecting Core soand and Beaufort harbor, $2,500; Northeast Cape Fear $3,000. - State S. S. Convention. Raleigh Sunday school workers are getting ready for the State Sunday Convention to be held here April 12, 13 and 14. The general sessions of tho convention will be held at the Tabernacle Baptist church. "The mayor of Raleigh, Mr. T. B. Cldridge, who is a Bible cIbss teacher In the Edenton Street Methodist Sun- ay school, is chairman of the enter tainment committee. This committee Is busy securing lodging for the out- of-town delegates In the. private omos of Raleigh at the rate of $1.00 per night. Mr. J. M. Broughton, superintend ent of the Tabernacle Baptist Sunday school, Is chairman of the finance committee which will raise funds to pay the expenses of the state conven tion. For Inter-Racial Amity. Expansion of the work of the State Inter-Racial Relations committee tp every county In the state for the pro motion of better feeling between Ne groes and white people was discussed generally at a meeting held at the Yarborough hotel. Sub-committees named will develop plans for the ex tension of the work throughout the state, reporting to a later meeting. Fifteen Competitors Passed. Dr. E. C. Brooks, state superinten dent of education, recently stated tlmt he believed the next federal educa tional statement would show that North Carolina had Jumped 15 places In the matter of schools. Tiie Tar Heel state has been fourth from the last among the states from an educa tional standpoint, according to rec ords from Washington, published to date. But there will now be 19 be low It If Dr. Brooks' figures prove correct. "Memories of World War." A recent valuable acquisition by the North Carolina Historical Commis sion is a mantscript, "Memories of the World War," by Charles L. Coggin, formerly First Lieutenant, 322nd In fantry, 81st division. The memories are well written, preserving a valu able typical experience. Charles L. Coggin graduated from the University of North Carolina In the law diss of 1916. He left his budding practnee in May, 1917, to en ter the first officers' training camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. Restless Highway Commission. Unrest has laid hold of newly ap pointed members of the state high way commission because of the fact that It is apparent that the calling of the Initial meeting of the enlarged commission Will be delayed. Multitudes of things are arising back at home, and reaching out as far as Raleigh that make the new mem bers of the commission desirous of starting something, but no call has as ret been issued from the Governor's office and none can likely be to bring the mountaineer members in unoe 1 Vice President Atterbury of (he Pennsylvania ruilrond, who wants the national agreements cancelled. 2 Hundred-passenger Capronl hydro-nlrplune which will attempt the flight from Italy to America. 3 French national nnihem being played In the'publlc square of Dussolriorf, Germany, before Generals Mooiiund uud Guu Cher, commanders of the British and French occupational forces. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENTEVENTS Former Emperor Charles Makes an Attempt to Regain the Throne of Hungary 'LITTLE ENTENTE" SAYS NO Communist Revolt In Germany Not Yet Subdued Defeat of Greeks by Kemalists Reported Pres ident Harding Moves for Solution of Railway Problem. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. "Tired of exile and deprivation," Charles, former emperor of Austria Hungary, made n dramatic attempt last week to regain the throne of Hungary. Influenced by reports that the Hungarians were eager for his re turn, he slipped across the border from Switzerland, disguised as a Ty rolean tourist nnd uccnmpnnled by four friends, nnd for a day was con cealed by Bishop Mikes at Stoliiuman- ger. There Premier Teieky was sum moned and tried In vain to persuade the former monarch that bis hopes were not to be realized. Charles per sisted In bis adventure, so Teieky ac companied him to Budapest, where Ad miral Horthy, the regent, had an In terview with Iilni. Charles decorated the admiral nnd tried to cajole lilm Into turning over the government to blm, but Horthy declared he would offer armed resistance to any attempt to overturn the present regime, nnd, with tears In bis eyes, the ex-ruler left the palace, saying: "I'urewell for ever. Returning to Stelnamanger, Charles was placed under strict military super vision and Bishop Mikes was arrest ed, charged with being the head of the movement to restore Charles to the throne. The Spnulsh minister at Vien na stated that Charles was under Spanish protection anil asked the gov ernment for a pass to enable the ex ruler to cross Austrian territory. Three days later It was reported In Paris nnd Vienna that Charles had proclaimed military dictatorship at Stelnamunger with himself as Hs chief and that General Lobar was ready to support him witli 15.000 troops. This development brought about prompt action by the "little entente," Czecho-Slovnkla, Jugo-Slavln and Rou- mania, whose troops were placed In strategic positions on the Hungarian frontiers. President Masnryk sent an ultimatum to the Hungarian govern ment, saying that the restoration of the Hnbslmrgs would be regarded ns n casus belli by Czecho-Slovakla. The Hungarian charge d'affaires In Vienna notified the Austrian govern ment thnt Charles would return to Switzerland. At this writing It ap pears thnt the attempted coup Is a dud. Early In thp week It looked as though the government forros In Ger many nnd succeeded In quelling the great communist revolt, which was centered In Prussian Saxony. The green" troops, armed with' mnchlne guns, captured the big Leuna nitro gen plnnt in mine, tngeiner wmi mnny prisoners and vast stores of arms nnd ammunition, and In other places they scored Important suc cesses. Then the revolt Humeri out afresh, not only In Saxony, but nlso In parts of the regions occupied by the allied troops. The American nnd Bel gian occupational forces were espe cially Involved hut both quickly gained control of the situation. In Weslphnlln and In Welssenfels, Snx ony, there was severe fighting nnd the communists suffered considerable lo.'SM, The attempt of the Reds to bring on" a general strike apparently was a failure, however. The en'lro situation In Germany Is rather clouded and reports emanating from German sources f re not reliable. There Is little doubt that Berlin has been exaggerating the dnnger of gen eral revolt and (he seriousness of the "battles" with the Red In order tc SAFE TO TRAVEL IN JAPAN Official Makes Vehement Denial That Tourists Are In Danger of Be- -ing Mistreated. Tokyo. Reports from the United States of mistreatment In Japan pur porting to come from returned trav elers from the Orient have caused C. Inornate of the Japan tourist bureau to Issue a denial of such charges. Mr. Inomata's statement Is con tained In a letter written to San accentuate Its need of retaining tho civil military forces whose disband ment is demanded by the allies. For the second time the German gov ernment litis filed with the League of Nations n formal protest against the occupation of additional territory by the allies; anil the ofllclals of the al lied nations are proceeding with their plans to exact further penalties .If Germany persists In Its refusal to pay UOOO.OOO.OiK) gold murks by the first of May. There Is no evlrioiice,lliat the Germans will pay, and some of the alllu3, especially the French, are con vinced their former foes nre actually preparing for a new war. Marshal I-'ayolle Is quoted ns saying the Ger mans are making cannon and machine guns, and especially are forwarding a huge aviation program, and that in the next conflict London and Paris will he deluged with bombs from supposed ly "commercial" airplanes. He Is convinced that unless the allies take firm action at once, Germany will never carry out the Versailles treaty. The vigorous Greek offensive against the Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor progressed merrily until F-sklshehr was readied. At this rullway junction, where the Greeks were defeated some months ago, disaster again overtook them, according to dispatches from Constantinople, and after a day-long battle they were forced to retreut after losing many In killed and cap tured. The report of the Greek defeat may lie exaggerated, for It emanates from Kemallst sources. Greek successes in Asia Minor are not pleasing to any but the Greeks, and possibly the British, and even the "regular" Turkish government at Constantinople protested to the allies against the Greek offensive. Italy es pecially Is sore, and relations between Athens and Rome were strained when Greece announced a blockade of Asia Minor and accused the Italians of smuggling war munitions to Kenml Pasha. The French four Hint proposed occupation by the Greeks of the Dar danelles will Insure British control of that Important waterway, and Rou mania has entered formal and bitter protest against the composition of the commission controlling the Darda nelles, Insisting upon equal voting pow er with the Greeks and the Turks. Bulgaria will not overlook any chance to regain Thrace from the Greeks, but the latter hope to obtain the support of the Serbs In any conlllct over that territory by helping tliem In Albania uml Macedonia. Thus, according to world diplomats, war clouds are once more appearing over the Balkans. There was one little gleam of the sun of pence through the murk of the Irish situation last week. Sir Wil liam Gouldlng of Dublin, a prominent rullway man, and three southern Irish unionists, conferred with Cardinal Lognc, primate of Ireland, nt Dundulk, with the object of securing the open ing of negotiations between the Irish republican parliament und the British government. Meanwhile there Is no cessation of the struggle between the Sinn Felners und the British polite and soldiers in the Island, every day bringing Its stories of' at tacks, usually with bombs, on the aux iliaries and of the reprisals of the hit ter. The commission of the volunteer committee of one hundred which has been conducting In this country an In quiry Into the Irish question has made Its report. Admitting that It labored "under the disadvantage of lacking the ofllchil British side of the cose," the, commission declares that "the Imperial British army In Ireland has been guilty of proved excesses, not In comparable In degree nnd kind with those alleged by the Bryce report on Belgium ntrorltll's, to have been com mitted by the Imperial German army." The report says the Irish people have had the protection of neither British nor International law and that they have been systematically subjected to n "terror" which, however, has failed to re-establish Imperial British civil government and to suppress the Irish republic. The published Kiinmiiiry of the report does not show that the Irish nre blamed for anything except the secret execution of spies, traitors and enemies of the Irish republic who were condemned 'in ex parte hearings. Fmnclsco for the purpose of letting w'ould-he travelers know that, contrary to stories circulated In the United States In some quarters, travel In this country Is ns safe as It ever was. In explaining the letter Mr. Ino mata said that If such reports con tinued In the United States It would mean a serious Injury to tourist trade, not only to the travel In- Japan, but to the entire Orient, for the reason that Japan bus In the past been one of the chief attractions to those con templating Oriental tours. Rene Vivian!, France's special en voy to the United States, has been re ceived by President Harding, despite the ridiculous protests of the Friends of Irish Freedom, and In conversa; Hons with the Chief Executive, Secre tary Hughes and other administration leaders began his task of discovering on what terms the United States will Join the allied nations in restoring peace to the world. He Is here, he Insists, only to listen and report, and not to make any suggestions on lie half of France. For definite answers to his questions he must wait until President Harding takes up Interna tional questions with his cabinet und with leaders In congress. Discussion of one of the administra tion's most serious problems that of the railways was taken up In earnest last week, and though to the lay mind It seems almost Insolvable, the ex perts In such matters believe It will be solved by the Interstate commerce commission and the railroad labor board working In closer conjunction than had been contemplated when the latter was created. Senator Cummins and Representative Moiulell assert the machinery under the transportation act Is adequate In the situation und that no further legislation will be needed. It Is the position of the Pres ident and his advisers that the gov ernment should do all It can to facil itate the return of the railroads to former conditions, nnd It Is admitted that both high freight rates nnd high wages must he reduced. Present rates are undoubtedly retarding great ly the movement of commodities, es pecially farm products, and the rouds suffer In revenue accordingly. Of course the railway unions nre oppos ing any reduction in wages, asserting this would be unnecessary were It not for willful extravagance on the part of the railroad managements. The senate committee on Interstate com merce plans an Investigation that shall establish the truth or fulsliy of the charges made by organized luhor. As had been expected, President Harding appointed Col. Jay J. Morrow governor of the Canal Zone. He also named dipt. S. E. V. Kit telle of the navy governor of the Virgin Islands; Hubert Work, president of the Amer ican Medical association, first assist ant postmaster general; Charles II. Burke of South Dakota, commissioner of Indian affairs; George Carter of Iowa, public printer, and Thomas Robertson of Maryland, commissioner of patents. A public task for Gen. Charles G. Dawes of Chicago has been found by the President, who has ap pointed him chairman of a commis sion of eleven to Investigate tho prob lems of soldiers' relief and to formu late a definite policy and program. The other members of the commission arc all well known nnd competent men and women. With the most Impressive rites of the Roman Catholic church and in the presence of the greatest assemblage of church dignitaries ever soon In this country, the remains of Juiiies Card inal Gibbons were laid to rest Thurs day in the crypt of the Cathedral of the Assumption pf the Blessed Virgin In Baltimore. By special decree of the pope there was sung nt the mass a solemn Gregorian chant previously hoard only at the funerals of sovereign rulers of the church In the Slstlne chapel In Rome. Not the church alone, but all o? Baltimore paid tribute to the memory of Its beloved and distin guished citizen, and as the clocks of the city tolled ten, the hour of the ceremony, every wheel stopped, every activity ceased. Sharply contrasting with this funer al In pomp and place, just as the life work of the men contrasted, was the funeral of John Burroughs, the be loved naturalist and author, who died last Tuesday on a passenger train In Ohio. On the eighty-fourth anniver sary of his birth bis body was In terred at Roxbury, high In the Cats kill mountains close to the old house In which he was bom, and a large bowlder on which he often snt forms the headstone of his grave. .This dean of nature writers Is deeply mourned by the great nnd the bumble alike of the entire nation. "We feel that Japan Is being mis represented in America," tho state ment says In part. "Tills emphasizes the Importance, not to say necessity, of more Americans coming to Japi . Japan should not be Judged by utter ances, spoken cr prfnted, of preju diced or self-interested people. The truth of these utterances should not he blindly accepted, but tested by personal observation and experience. - "Americans , are assured of . cour tesy and politeness and the goodwill of our people." LIVE STOCK NEWS 4 INCREASE LAMB PRODUCTION Sheep Can Successfully Be Raised Without Danger of Stomach Worms or Other Parasites. (Prepa-ed ly the U. 8. Dojiartmcnt ol Am-iuullure.) Specialized sheep farming, In whiet forage crops were used for the sum mer pasture, and a study of the re lation of nutrition of owes at breeding time to the percentage of lambs pro duced wore Included In the experi mental work conducted lust year by the United Slates Department of Agri culture at the government farms at BeltNvllle, Mil., and Middlebury, Vt, Data were ohtnlned relative to the comparative relish with which sheep ate different forage crops and the gains made while pasturing upon them, It was (leniimstrated that with the frequent rotation necessary lit Sheep Club Member and His Pet. pasturing forage crops, sheep could be successfully raised without danger of Infestation by stomach worms or oth er Internal parasites. Kxperlnionts in the Inst four years to tost the effect of feed at breeding time upon tho size of the lauih crop have shown an In crease of 18.S per cent of lambs pro riiieeri by increased nutrition of ewes during mating season for both Iiclts ville ami Middlebury. This Is nn In crease of 2,1.0 per cent In the lielts vllle flock and 8.135 per cent In the Middlebury flock. In experiments with l-'O Western ewes at the Middlebury farm to test the effect of running sheep in perma nent pasture upon the growth of weeds, and the currying capacity of the fields, It has, been demonstrated that sheep are benefited in cleaning pastures of weeds, but that It must be accomplished gradually and should not be overemphasized as a reason for engaging In sheep raising. NEW BREEDS OF LIVE STOCK Columbia Sheep Are Particularly Adapted to Range Conditions New Type of Horse. The United Slates Department of Agriculture Is developing types of live Block believed to lie more useful' than some now represented by present breeds. Range slicp hrjvrilng conducted In Clark county, Idaho, is resulting In a type which has become so llxed as to warrant It:i classification ns n breed. These sheep, known us Columbia sheep, ure particularly adapted to range conditions and are believed to be profitable both for mutton und wool production. A now type of Amerlcnn utility horse 1h rnpldly being established, In co-operation with the state, nt Buf falo, Wyoming. Among the character istics of the type possibly entitled to the term 'breed' are activity, strength, endurance, and reasonable speed. The horses are believed to meet a demand for generul farm and ranch work, delivery purposes, and for certain classes of military serv ice. Poultry breeding at the bureau farm, P.eltsvllle, Md., shows progress In the establishment of a new breed of fowl. Certain characteristics, such as white plumage and yellow logs and skin, are now well fixed, but there Is still considerable variation hi the type and In color of eggs. The birds de veloped this your show Improvement over those of a year ago. JOINT OWNERSHIP OF SIRES Nebraska Live Stock Owner Lists Among Other Purebreds Frac tional Ownership of Jack. Knrolllng recently In the "Better Sires-Better Stock" movement, a live stock owner In Fillmore county, Neb., listed In addition to female stock, one bull, throe boars, five rams, and one half Interest In a purbred Kentucky jock. The fractional ownership of purebred sires is common, the Depart ment of Agriculture has found, among persons desiring to Improve the qual ity of farm live stock, lmt who have an Insufficient number of female an imals to warrant owning purebred males In nil classes. Fractional' own ership of one purebred male Is much more desirable than the complete ownerwhlp of several scrub or grade sires. 8ave the Orphan Pigs, Orphan pigs which are often a total loss to farmers can be raised with little difficulty and will repay the owner. Not Economical Ration. Corn alone does not muke an eco nomical ration for the brood sows during winter. Protection for Sheep. When the sheep are shorn early they must be protected from any cold rains. Mt'" S DEMAND FOR SAFE ROADWAYS Some Kind of Protection Should Be Provided to Keep Cars From Skidding Off Dirt Roads. What vulue do we place on u human life? To Judge by some of Hie roads over the country It Is not much. Lives ure lost many times where u few dol lars or u little extra time would make a road sale enough so that taking a ride along them on a rainy day in an auto would not be such a hulr-ralslug experience as Is often the case now, says u writer In Successful Funner. Recently u friend of mine was driv ing along a mini within u half tulle of a small town und run into u ditch six feet deep, upsetting his cur und smush lug things up generally, though be es caped unhurt, and had no one with him. Many cnmjilalnts hud been made about that road, hut nothing was done by anyone. On either side the ditch came within less than two feet of the roadway, nnd there was not even a ridge or anything to ward the wheels off and keep them from sliding over. When hundreds of automobiles nre owned In every part of the country and It Is Impossible to always keep off roads when they are slippery, it Is not morally right ami should not be legally right to leave them In a condi tion that would make an uccldent un der ordinary conditions possible. Dur ing the last two years I huve been riding around considerably and we have been In places where It was very dangerous driving, and often came up on such places with no chance ut all to avoid them. In one case we crossed a bridge after a light shower, and on the far side found that It had caved away to within six Inches of the rood, though that was solid. For a roil the ditch was not two feet from tUe road, wiih nothing to check a slide Into It. A very steep hill begun Just beyond the bridge. Our car could not make the bill, nnd we stalled, and had to back some. The least bit of skidding would have been certain to have car- Property Protected Road. ried us over the bank and for several minutes it looked like we were to go down six or eight foot Into a creek. It Is not always that such places are on unimportant roads. In fact the first place mentioned whs on a main traveled road between county scats, and automobiles used It on long dis tance travel. In the main It wus a tine roml well kept, but there were two or three places lliat wore really danger ous, though this was the worst of all. Wherever there Is a place ut the side of a dirt road that bus much travel, that Is deep enough to upset a car' that went down Into it, some kind of protection should be made to keep cars from skidding off. We are not consid ering the quick dash fo one side from careless driving or going too fast In mud, but Hie unavoidable skid that Is bound to occur now and then. Our roads should be safe In muddy weather as far as we can mfike them for often at such times we hnve to use them with our cars. UNITED STATES' GOOD ROADS Work Is In Progress In Every Section to Give Country Superior Highway System. The time Is rapidly passing when the bad roads of America can be point ed out as a reproach. In every section of the country work la in progress to give the United Stati's a system of roads which will compare favorably with those of other countries. Roads are being built at 2,085 different points. Fully 30,000 miles of road have been approved by the secretary of ag riculture. It Is estimated that this construction will cost the country near ly $-100,000,000. At the end of June, lO'-'O, the government reported thnt 2, 110 different projects, or a total of 1(1,000 miles of roads, nnd been com pleted. Boys' Life. NEW CHARACTER OF TRAFFIC Most of Existing Highways Were Not Constructed to Support Heavy Loads Now Impnsed. Most of our existing roads were not designed with a view of carrying the heavy looris now imposed upon then, and In new roads It would seem the builders cannot realize the present chungeri conditions nnd the new char acter of Wie traffic; In any case the problem Is not an easy one. More Effective With Tractor. The homely, yet effective, split-log "King" drag, long used with horse power for this work,' becomes even more effective, and can be used In . heavier weights, when drawn by t tractor. ,. R Most Permanent Road. ' The most permanent and gatlsfao" tory road Is the one with a concrete base with a top surface of block brick. This should Jast a generation wlthoat any repair; ' f .' -' 4fKI.;..9.lH