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V. 1 ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, tf. C. P tARE MUST BE. OBSERVED TO AVOID ANOTHER GLUTTED MARKET NEXT FALL. TALK AT CQTT0?J CONFERENCE Director Angus W. MCLean Will This Year Reduce Production to the Ex . tent of 8 Acres to the Mule. I, Raleigh. Washington, (Special). Address ing the cotton conference Angus W. McLean, the'Tar Heel director of the war finance corporation, asserted a '60 per cent reduction In cotton acre age was Imperative unless the market la to be glutted. Director McLean said he had ordered such a reduction on his North Carolina plantations. Mr. McLean also raised the ques tion whether Southern bankers have been sufficiently "courageous" In as sisting agriculture. -Some of the bank era, Mr. McLean said, seemed to him to be too timid in their financing of agriculture. That he had sustained an "operat ing loss of $20,000" on his cotton farm last year wus declared by Mr. Mc lean, who said he discovered this when making out his Income tax. This loss, he said, was exclusive of Interest on Investment. This year, he added, he would reduce production to the ex tent of eight acres to the mule, in stead of 15 acres and $10 fertilizer per acre, Instead of 25. Appointments by Congressmen. Washington, (Special). Represen tative Homer Lyon has made his ap pointments for the naval academy, these going to Daniel C. Britt, of Lumborton, and Phillip MeNatt, of T-arkton. These young men are to be given their mental examination on April 20. There are now four va cancies to be filled from North Caro lina, one each for Senator Overman, V.epresentatlve Stedman. Hammer and liulwinkle. At the military academy at West Point there are two vacancies from North Carolina, one each for ap pointment by Representative Kltchln and Representative Bulwlnkle. Reduction In Tax Valuations. Sweeping reductions In property valuations made by boards of commis sioners through the state will make little difference In the state's new tax ation policy, according to legislative experts who came to Raleigh. The present state tax commission, composed of Chairman Tom Lee and Commissioners Pell and Maxwell are out of the city and the new taxation commissioner for the state. Col Als Watts, was reluctant In discussing the action of the several boards of commissioners. Ward It First on the Ground. Washington, (Special). The first of the North Carolina Congressmen to arrive In the city is Hon. Hallett S. Ward, of Washington. Mr. Ward wect early In the day to the Navy De partment and named for the vacancy from the first North Carolina district at Annapolis, Crice McMullen, of Elizabeth City. Hefner Pardoned by Governor. Governor Morrison pardoned Cecil Hefner, charged with the murder of Glenn Llppard and under sentence of 15 years for the crime. Solicitor Huffman's letter brought the freedom, new evidence tending to show Hefnert complete Innocence having been found. The prisoner was convicted a few months ago. Explosives Must be Removed. Half a million pounds of high ex plosives stored too near Raleigh for safety will be moved In part, accord ing to Insurance Commissioner Wade, who Is Informed by the national in epectors that the combination TNT, dynamite and black powder Is not safeguarded as It should be. All have been located within the danger zone and must be changed. Governor goes to New York. Governor Cameron Morrison and State Treasurer B.'R. Lacy will leave later In the week for New York and other financial centers to Investigate the feasibility of a prisent Issue of bonds or the sale of short term notes to provide for road construction,' and Institutional expansion, authorized by the 1921 session of the general as sembly. This mission was determined upon after the Governor hid discussed with the Council of State the general fi nancial situation. Visits State of Nativity. Washington,' (Special). Comman der P. W. Foote, aide to the Secre tary of the Navy, who held the same position with Secretary Daniels, has returned to Washington after a visit to North Carolina. He visited rela tives in the state, going to Wilkes boro, Statesvllle, Winston-Salem, Ra leigh and Wake Forest. He says that he found Raleigh a most attractive place. At Wake Forest he found rec ords of his father, James H. Foote, who graduated from Wake Forest in 1852 and was later in the faculty. "Wild Cats" Growing Active. Insurance Commissioner Stacey W. Wade Is seeing unmistakable signs of activity In the camps fit the "Blue Sky," wild cat stock exploiters and looks forward to a big spring drive on the part of these enemies of pros perity. - Commissioner Wade deslrei to call the attention of the people of the su:te to the tact that no "Blue Sky" cjompany is now licensed to do busi ness in North Carolina. Further, there hi not a single licensed hock saies- REDUCTION OF ACREAGE URGED maa in all of the state. Crops Produced In Stats. North Carolina achieved the posi tion of the greatest producer of tobAw co In 1920, when the honor was snatch ed from Kentu.ky, through five years of consistent gain in production. Frank Parker, Agricultural Statisti cian, in the March Farm Forecaster Isued by the Co-oporatlve Crop Report ing Service here, shows that sales re ported to March 1 totalled 395,000,000 pounds of the golden weed, with pros pects that the final total will be 420, 000,000 pounds. The crop averaged about 21.5 cents a pound. These fig ures represent a largo increase In pro duction and a decrease of almost fifty per cent In price as compared with the previous season. Mr. Parker shows on March 1, fifty three per cent of North Carolina's 1920 corn crop was on the farms, the stock being forty per cent greater than a year ago. The estimated stock on hand March 1 Is 33,937,000 bushels as compared with 23,940,000 bushels on March 1 a year ago. Four per cent of the crop was shipped out of the coun ties In which It was grown and 87 per cent was of merchuntablo quality. The stock of wheat on farms In the state Is twice as much as It was a year ago, mere being i'i por cent of the crop, or 2,711,000 bushols, This com pares with 1,213,000 bushels twelve months before. Doughton Groomed for Governor. The word has reached Raleigh via Washington in the past twenty-four hours that in the event of his unseat ing at the hands of a republican Con gress Farmer Bob Doughton will take a long shot at the governor's Job four years from now. The story 1s borne to the capital by one of the best informed politicians of the state and in the limited circulation it hud here created the most Intense Interest. Most of those who heard It were familiar with Congressman Doughton's aspirations a year or so ngo and are not the least suprlsed that he should be preparing to make lit 1924 the race he wanted to make in 1920. Colonel Watts Appointed, Col Alston D. Watts, who riwisters himself on the hotel books as a citi zen of Irdell county. Is Wovernor Mor rison's choice for revenue commis sioner of North Carolina, over Corpor ation Commissioner Allen J. Maxwell.- The new Job to which the Iredell man has been appointed is the biggest single creation of any general assem bly' within the memory of active peo ple. Colonel Watts will take office on the first day of next May. Want to Hear Hoover. The officers of the North Carolina Merchants Association, through their se.retary J. Paul Leonard, of States vllle has extended an invitation to Herbert Hoover, Secretary of Com merce, to address the twentieth an nual convention of the association to be held at the O'Henry hotel in Greensboro June 21, S2 and 23. Mr. Hoover will be asked to discuss the government's relation to business and America's commercial outlook. Revenue Agent Resigns, John F. Llfsey, chief revenue agent for North Carolina has resigned and will return to his home in Norlina. Mr. Llfsey, who began his duties with Collector J. W. Bailey, as deputy collector with special duties in run ning down blockaders became chief revenue agent for North Carolina when the prohibition lones were es tablished. 1 Barrett la Named Director. Governor Morrislon announced the appointment of James F. Ilarrett of Asheville and Dr. Jennls Morrill, of Pitt county, as directors of the Stat School for the Deaf at Morganton In place of Archibald Johnson of Thom asville, and J. O. Atkinson of Elon College, whose terms have expired. New Commissioner on Hand. The state's new revenue commis sioner. Col. Aus Watts, Iredell county, arrived in Raleigh, and will have a conferen.e with Governor Morrison. Colonel Watts was accompanied to Raleleh by Sneaker Harry Grier, L. C Caldwell. Sheriff J. M. Deaton, 0. L Crowell and James A. Hartness, all Iredell citizens. Drainage Convention April 12-13. The acceptance of Mr. Mark W. Pot ter, of New York, a member of the Interstate Commerce Commission, to address the drainage convention which meets at Elizabeth City April 12 and 13 was announced by the sec retary, Joseph Hyde Pratt. Mr, Pot ter is the owner of a large body of re claimed land in Beaufort county. Ho will make dairy farming and cattlo raising on the reclaimend lands of eastern North Carolina the subject of his talk. Highway Commission Meets. When the state hlghwcy commit sion gathers here to organize Commis sioner Frank Page will lay before the body plans for the immediate con struction of 217 miles of "hard surfac ed and other dependable highways" authorized under the Doughton-Con-nor-Bowie road law appropriating fif ty millions of dollars. Surveys have been made and plans are ready to let for this beginning on the 5,600-mile program contemplated by the general assembly. Tobacco Market for Raleigh. A tobacco market for Raleigh In 1921 was assured when the dlreotora of the Raleigh Chamber of Commer.e accepted a proposition made them by the Stalllngs Davis Tobacco co of this city, whereby the tobacco concern guarantees the rental for three years of two warehouses to be built by a company to be organized by the Cham ber of Commerce. The agreement entered Into calls for the erection of two warehouses, each 160-1 20 feqt, the sites to be selected by ) the Stalllngs Davis company. President Harding Receives the Diplomatic Corps Ills excellency the Right Hon, Sir AucUlimd Oeddes, K.C. li., ambassador extraordinary unci plenipotentiary neu ter, seated), with tits stuff Just before leaving the British embassy for the White Ufru.se. Insert, Ambassador Ueddea. If Farmer Had to Pay His Wife He Would Go Broke, Declares Nebraska University Expert, Summarizing Survey. WOULD COST $4,000 A YEAR Farm Wife la Cook, Washerwoman, Seamstress, Charwoman and, on Oc casion, a Nurse Also She Is Assistant Farm Director. Oimiha. If Nebraska farmers had to pay their wives "living" wages for their work most of tliem would have to go out of business, according to figures made public by the home eco nomics department of the Nebraska State university. According to those figures every furm wife earns $4,000 a year. And Inasmuch as most of the farmers are not making that over and above expenses, the farmers would "go broke" If they bud to puy their wives what they would have to pay others for the same service. The farm wife Is a cook, a washer woman, a seamstress, a charwoman, a nurse, on nsslstant farm director, nnd a whole lot of other things. And she is an expert In each of these. The home economics department, in mak ing up Its survey, took all these occu pations Into consideration in estimat ing the value of their wives' service. If Outside Help Were Hired. "If a farm womun's time was con sidered and she was paid on the basis of the hired help she saves her hus band from employing, she would re ceive n salary of $4,000 a year," says Miss Margaret Fedde, chairman of the department which made the survey. First, all the cooking fulls upon the housewife. She prepares three meals a day. She bus no afternoon "out." Service of that kind is worth at least $10 a week," says Miss Fedde. Next, the furm wife dees the wash ing and Ironing. Very few farmers have washing muchlnes. It takes the furm wife nil day long to do the wash ing. Another full day Is required to do the Ironing. "The regular wuges of a laundress In the country are $2.50 per day," says Miss Fedde. "For tho washing and Ironing, therefore, she should be cred ited with W per week." A recent health survey of farms and farmers shows there Is an average of 11) days of sickness each year on each farm. And when there Is sickness the Great Fish 2,000,000,000 Killed by Freeze at Prince of Wales Island. Crew of 8teamshlp Northwestern Telia of Sailing for Many Miles Through Dead Herring. Ketchlkun, Alaska. What Is de clared by Cuptnln Iirunn and officers of the steamship Northwestern to be the greatest nsh tragedy ever enacted to human knowledge occurred at Klawak liny, Prince of Wales Island, January 30, when at one stroke more than 2,000,000.000 good sized herriug lost their lives. The crew engerly relnted their re tnarkablo experience of sailing through miles of the dead fish. According to those on board, Klawak Bay was full of herring three days before the North western arrived, when a sudden freeze caught the fish In the narrow-necked Secret Drawer of Desk .. Made Poor Family Rich The hidden fortune In a piece of old turnlture has turned up In Vienna, Austria, with un usually dramatic sett Inc. One of the many families ' ho J live by the gradual sale of an- ' tlque family possessions decided to sell a very old desk. The J daughter and a friend were re- t moving it to a wnltlr.s? wnenn ' n iivn u sctrei Hiniruiieoc opened and disclosed a pile of gold coins. ' In the coinage of nearly all Europe and some of ancient date, they represent 5,000,000 J Austrian crowns. "Blessings on Thee, gttle Man." Weston, W. Va. When local citizens spied John Bay, a farmer boy, sauuter- Ing down the streets with his feet bare, they knew that spring had ar rived, lie's the season's first, - wife turns to nursing. So, for 19 days each year the furm wife Is a nursa. "The wages of a trained nurse ou the farm uru $-'5 per week," says Miss Fedde. ' "Ou this score the farm wife gets In nearly $75 per year lu wuges us a nurse." When Mrs. Farmer does the family sewing and she does all the sewing thut Is done on the farm she should be credited with the wages of a seam stress. Credit Mrs. Farmer $0 per week us n sewing lady. More of Her Duties. The wuges of u woman to do clean ing, scrubbing, etc., are $2.00 per duy. For two days each week the fanner's wife does this kind of work, Her pay check, according to the home econom ics department's survey should be Increased by $5 per week for thut. Waits for Sixteen Years Oklahoma Negro Has Been Kept in Suspense. Sentenced for Murder in 1905 and Authorities Have Not Yet Set the Data for Execution. Oklahoma City. For sixteen years Kid Kelly, Oklahoma negro, murderer of Jim Dllilnghum, has been Impris oned In Oklahomu, daily awaiting word from the legally constituted authorities that will set the date for his execution at the hands of the fed eral or state governments, And his suspense Is not yet ended. Since October, l'.K)5, the negro has been Imprisoned and for the Inst ten years has been In the custody of the prison authorities at McAlester, who have not even ordinary commitment papers ns their authority for his In carceration. The only document pos sessed by the prison, uccordlng to the records Is an order Instructing the sheriff of that county to convey the negro to the state penitentiary at Mc Alester and deliver him to the warden for confinement awaiting the final action of the court. There the uuthorlty ends. While Kelly putters around the prison enclosure awaiting the day when the courts shall decide the drtte of his execution, legal lights are bow Tragedy harbor before they could escape to sea. When they were first noticed by George Bradovlch, an employee of the Craig cannery, near Klawak, they bad swarmed Into the harbor In such num bers that those on top were forced out of the water. The freeze came with great suddenness and severity and about six Inches of ice formed on the harbor. Millions of the herring at the entrance could be seen dumbly fighting to get out to sen before tho enclosed waters were frozen. When the Northwestern arrived the tide had receded, and for twenty to fifty feet on the beech, and several hundred feet out Into the water for a distance of three nnd one-half mlies around the harbor lay frozen herring. The officers of the ship and the can nery foreman made careful measure ments nnd found that the fish were tlghlly packed for an average depth of three feet. "It may sound like a fish story," Italians Hunt Government Engineers Report Large Quantities Can Be Obtained on Island of Sicily. Rome. The Itnllan government has decided to search fort petroleum at homo. The country needs about 400,000 tons a year, Including heavy oils and benzine. This is nt present supplied by America, and the high exchange makes the business very expensive. So far, Italy only produces about one atxtppnth of the oil needed. Italian engineers, who have studied the fields, report thnt oil can be ob tained In large quantities from the Is land of Sicily, thnt part of southern Italy known as the Baslllcata, from Salerno, Lazlo and the Avellno prov ince. So the ministry of Industry has decided to spend some money In boring for oil In those districts. Thus far the sums voted are small, being a little over a million lire (nbout $303,0001. But It Is hoped that If Tnklng cure of the bntter nnd the cream and the eggs requires some hours every day. And during the berry season and the fruit season the wife works long hours over the preserving kettle. This kind of work Is worth $11 per duy and the credit should go to Mrs. Farmer. And in the fall, dur ing, "hog killing time," the fanner's wife acts as expert meat packer nnd should be credited with $D per day for that Inlior. As a "farm assistant" the farmer's wife Is cnlled upon every hour of the day to give advice. The rate of pay of farm assistants in Nebraska Is $20 per week. So the farmer's wife should be credited with $20 per week on that score. Then there are the thou.sunds and one things which do not come under any of these heads, but which would command big pay If the farmer bad to go out and employ some one to do then). All these should be credited to the wife of tho fanner. "Total all these charge nnd It will he found that the Nebraska furm wife earns at least $4,000 every year, with her himrd and room thrown lu," say the bulletin. Hanging ing their heads before law books In an endeavor to discover the real status of the prisoner; why the sentence has never been curried out; why he has never been released, and reviewing the case, which In the opinion of some of the most talented of the legal pro fession, Is not only wkhout precedent, but also a most vivid example of the fallibility of courts. It appears that unless some pcrxon takes active Interest In the procedure Kelly will be permitted to live and die a natural death In the state prison, although It is generally agreed among those whe have been Interested from time to time thut his trial, conviction and sentence was a travesty upon court procedure. According to those who participated In the original trial, although most of those who were directly Interested are dead or scattered to the four corners of the Union, Kelly's attorney was a man whose legal knowledge was meager, having just prior to the trial been admitted to the practice of Inw, his previous training having been de voted to the clergy. It Is stated by those whose recollec tion of the Cttso Is the best that the United States district attorney offered to permit Kelly to enter a plea of guilty to a charge of manslaughter and accept n sentence of five years' In the federal penitentiary. This offer, It Is snld, was Indignantly refused by the attorney for the defense. said Bradovlch of the cannery, "but the fact Is that the greatest chance In the world for obtaining good, fresh fish without a stroke of work has been lost. For days a few people tried to put some of the herring away fcr tho summer, and unfortunately the steamer could take none. The nenrest Indians who would have appreciated the fish were 300 miles away. "The shin had the greatest rilfhVul. ty In navigating out of the harbor nt Klawak, as the propeller had to do the work of desiccator, and It barely made a knot an hour. The captain noted the event on the ship's log so thnt his superiors may know why the vessel will reek of fish for weeks." "Champ" Whisky Maker Dead. Frankfort, Ky. When Marlon Wll. Hams, warehouse foreman of the Old Crow distillery, died, It was the pass ing of tho champion whisky maker. He was the distiller with the Hermit age distillery for many years nnd be fore thnt wns with W. A. Gaines for 30 years. He Is said to have mntle more whisky than any other man In the country. Oil at Home the search now being undertaken brings good results more will be ap propriated very soon. , HAS TOOTH PULLED AT 101 It Was Andrew York's Last One, but He Didn't Mind Little Thing Like That. Micldletown, N. Y. Andrew York of Roscoe, Sullivan county, who Is one hundred and one years old, Just bad his last tooth pulled, tho extracting being deme by Doctor Derby of Ellen vllle. York did not appear to mind the operation more than he would had he been a young man. Gravity operates davits Invented In Holland so thnt they swing a life boat well out of danger of being smashed against the side of ships In being luunchcd. American Cement Has Had About All the Sand Put in It Will Stand. By GEN. LEONARD WOOD, United States Army. with our own. The American cement has had about nil the sand put in it it will stand. We welcome those who come here to strengthen and build up. We must exclude those who come here to tear down. We must devote more attention to public education and to public and private morality, the basis of th? square deal for both, liberty within the law, no class legislation, no autocracy of wealth or of labor. Seeking peace, we must ever be prepared for war. Behind our peaceful endeavors must be the organized strength of right. We must kill the propaganda which strives to sow discord be tween us r.nd those beside whom we fought. We must work in harmony in the establishment of a righteous peace. We must remember our sol diers and sailors, who offered everything, even life itself, in the hour of need. Wc want America first, not in wealth and power alone but in real leadership, in the spirit of helpfulness to a world in trouble. Strange That One Could Consider Art and Work in the Same Category By GILBERT K. CHESTERTON, British Lecturer What impresses me most about the American people is their enthu sinsm for work. Tho Englishman's idea of work is a task by which he may obtain something thnt will entitle him to rest and pleasure after that task has been performed. But here work is looked upon as a sort of romance. An American salesman said to me the other day: "How shall 1 improve my art of salesmanship, Mr. Chesterton?" Really, I looked at the man in wonder. It seemed so strange that one could consider art and work in the same category. Why,, Americans make a poem out of trade. American newspapers, with their murder stories and so-called de moralizing atmosphere, I like. To me crime is the best sort of news. There you have real human interest, truthfully put, just as it happens; there is no secretive motive. If a man cuts his grandmother's throat with a ra.or, you have a good story. The man is not boosting any special make of razor, nor is he trying to creak a slump in grandmothers. But in poli ties there is .evasion, the concealed motive. The best way, I find, to learn the life and habits of a nation is to read the detective stories written by authors of that country. I learn from reading detective stories the police system of the country and the daily life of the people in general, and also get an insight into their habits. Tnident marriage ? There is no such thing. The very act of tying one's self to another is not itself prudent. It is an adventure, like going to war. There is a ridiculous modem chimera, to get rid of the tragedy in sex, but you can never remove the tragic element. The tragedy of sex is the tragedy of the soul of man. I never could magine why the primitive man knocl ed down the prim itive woman with a club. Why was she so averse? Wry her natural deli cacy? If the primitive man was so rude, why was th? primitive woman so retiring? Airplane Soon to Become Quite as Economical as the Automobile. By COL. J. G. VINCENT, In the matter of costs, airplanes will in due time become a form of transportation almost, if not quite, as economical as the automobile. There are airplanes today which carry six passengers at the rate of 100 miles an hour and make ten miles to the gallon of gasoline. Two other factors are tremendously in favor of the airplane. The first is the fact that the airplane requires no rails; not even a road to travel on. Its only requirement is landing fields, and these can be easily and cheaply prepared and maintained. The other saving in respect to airplanes is in tire cost and the main tenance bills. The saving in tire cost will be almost 100 per cent. Until recently the repair bills have been large because of the somewhat experi mental character of the machines and lack of skill in landing. Both of these handicaps have been almost entirely eliminated. The price of an airplane is at the present far beyond the reach of the average person, but this too will be changed within a shrt time. Where Nations, If Neighbors, Bear One Another Naught but 111 Will By SENATOR MEDILL The traveler returning from Europe comes from an old world where the rivalries and bitter jealousies between the peoples which have been allies are almost equal to the hates which still live among those who were enemies; he comes from an old world in which it is the general rule that if netions are neighbors they bear one another naught but ill will. Despite the disarmament of the countries west of Russia, there are as many men under arms as there were in central and western Europo bc fore the outbreak of the conflict in 1914. The course upon which Europe has embarked, if followed to its end, will lead to irretrievable ruin. The total number of states west of Russia has been increased by seven, each circumscribed by tariffs, by restrictions upon travel and railway transit, that are tantamount to a blockade. If there is ruin to the east of central Europe, to the west of it the victorious co'itrics are beset by economic disorders and crushed by continuing deficit. Jennie Neely, President State Auxiliary The Woman's Auxiliary of the American Legion in the state of Washington, standing beneath the folds of our glorious flag whose Stars and Stripes reflect the honor of their men sleeping in Flanders field, that that flag might continue to wave, endorse absolutely the stand taken by their men of the American Legion in their determination that no German propaganda in any shape or form be permitted in these United States of America. Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, U. S. A. Dont let any vicious propa ganda drive a wedge between us and the men we fought beside during the great war.' ' ? ' " ' ' I nm heartily in sympathy with tho purpose of the New York all-American meeting. We mutt be watch ful of the enemy within our gates. Our danger is not so much from the lied as from our own indifference. We must implimt in all our people the spirit of service, in peace and war. We must strengthen the spirit of Americanism and do everything possible to strengthen the spirit of national solidarity. We must prevent the entry into this country of races which can not be assimilated, whose children cannot intermarry Automobile Engineer McCORMICK of Illinois It- - -I'