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, , ,, y-- , - , ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C. New Occupation of Germany by Allied Troops IMPROVED ROADS ROAD CONSTRUCTION IN 1920 FraspEciivii Ndbinnal f fit.. . il '.lffc By JOHN DICKINSON r.HEKM ROSI'KCTIVE -Nat loan' Monuments and the coun try has many places of scenic, educational ami historical Interest which should be created national monuments leads to n suggestion from Dr. Kdgnr ftt " I.. Huwett. director of the 1 X J School of Anierlcau lie- search und Mate Sliiseuin, Santn Ko, X. M, that opens tip the whole natlonul monument ipiestlon. I)r. Ilewutt's siiKKestlon Is contained In nil illustrated article In Art and Archaeology, n imiKiizlne published by the Archaeological Institute of Amer ica. In substance It Is this: "To meet u condition tliut exists all over the Southwest, It Is suggested t Hut under national monuments sec lion of the net for the preservation of American iintlimlties, It would be feasible to establish natlonul monu ments districts, In which nil ruins of a certain degree of Importance might he set out and he protected by the Aovernment. For example, from Mesa Verde In Colorado and Aztec In New Mexico to the Colorado river In Utah, the San Juan valley. Including a large number of tributaries, Is a region of archaeological monuments. It seems timely to suggest to the .National l'urks association and to the depart ments of government having custo dianship of the antiquities on the pub lic domain, that without withdrawing a large area from settlement, the most Important ruins might he desig nated as units In a national monu ments district, to be ndmlnistered by the nutlonal parks service. 1'n reels of a few acres will suffice In almost every Instance. "The greater part of these ruins ore on the public domain, and most of those that are not might In some way be brought under protection. It Is probable that many private owners would, If the run iter were brought to their attention, donate Important sites to the nation. "The plan proposed for the protec tion of the many ruins of the San Junn valley would apply equally well to the Itio Grunde, Cilia and other sections. The l'ajartto plateau, and the entire Jemci region to the west re equally rich In ancient rnlns. "In cases where ruins are on state owned lands, as are old Perai mission and (In part) Grau Quiv;ra in Xew Mexico, and numerous rulr.s on school sections In Arlioua, Xew Mexico, Utah and Colorado, a system of state monu Bjeiits might be established anulogous eo the national monuments plan, and administered In some co-operative way." As to the photographii reproduced: Sand Canon Is In the uppr Son Juan valley. Square Tower Canon, In the Hovenweap region. Is op tbe Colorado Utah line. Aztec Ruin, lu Colorado, hns Just been preserved to the nation by Henry Van Kleeck erf Denver ijid made the Yucca House National monu ment. The great army of national pa enthusiasts Is hoping that under the present administration the whole ques tion of national parks and national monuments will be threshed out, with the result of settling upon a national, policy and placing the control of the national parks nnd monuments In the Department of the Interior or what will be the department of public works, If the proposed plan of reor ganization of the executive depart ments goes through. Here are some of the high lights of the present com plicated situation, from the viewpoint of the enthusiasts: The Interior department, through the national pork service, controls the scenic national parks. They are de- FIRST REUCOF MAN The first unmistakable relic of man In Europe Is human lower law found In the Mauer sands near Heidel berg. It seems to belong to the sec ond or Mlndel-RIss Interglnclal epoch, and Its nge Is estimated by Oshorn t about 250,000 yeurs, says "The New Btone Age In Northern Europe." by John M. Tyler. Remains character istic of the oldest paleolithic epochs occur between thirty and forty-five Longfellow's Favorite Gem. The favorite gem of the American r.oet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was an amethyst of the deepest, shade of purple, which, upon being exhibited In artificial light, glowed like a ruby. St. Vulentlne wore a ring, so It Is snid, with Cupid engraved upon the amethyst set. Very appropriate, In deed. Perhaps both St. Vulentlne nnd the poet were partial to the gem be cause ench was bora In tlm month of February, for wWch It la ihe birth tone. " ( LOUftGsy tmtffcan Juseum voted to recreation, number 1! and contain about 7.(K)0.IKXI neres. Con gress appropriates for each separatelyj iiiki not always with discrlmlnanon. The Depurtmen' of Agriculture, through the forest service, controls the' national forests. They are de voted to grazing nnd lumbering and contain about 1.",0)0,00V acres. As the national parks nre created from national forests, the Agricultural de partment has been opposing nntlonai park legislation. Also the Agricultural department has been openly campaign ing to secure control of the national parks by the transfer of. the .national pork service from the Interior de partment. As a part of this campaign the forest service has been developing nntlonai ' forests for recreation pur poses, lu competition with the national parks. In addition to the 19 national parks there are seven national military and other parks under the control of the War department : Chlcknmnuga and Chnttanoogu, Antletam, Shlloli, Get tysburg, Vlcksburg, Lincoln's Iilrth place and Guilford Courthouse. There are 30 national monuments. Twenty-four are under the Interior department, 10'under the Agricultural department and two under the War department. The 24 national monuments nnder the Interior department were granted an appropriation of but $12,5(10 for the ealcndnr year of 11121, Instead of f27,(i0( asked by tho nntlonnl park service. In 1020 the appropriation was but $8,000. The result Is that the national purk service Is unable prop erly to protect these monuments, to say nothing of Improving them. U-iless the ninny deslrabh areas nre quickly made national monuments, they will bo destroyed by vandals. Vet congress does not appropriate money enough to protect those already ere ated. Tlie advisability of putting all the national parks and monuments under one control Is thus set forth by Direc tor Stephen T. Mather of the national park service: "All of the national park arena of the'eountry are not under the jurisdic tion of the national pnrk service, and the time Is at hand when the nntlonai pork system should be consolidated under one head. Surprise Is often expressed at this anomaly. TW na tional park service 'was created for the express purpose of administering and developing, , under the direction of congress, all the great scenic at tractions of our national domain. "It Is exceedingly difficult to explain why some of these great national won ders are under the control of the De partment of Agriculture, while others of exactly the same type of reserva tion are within the Jurisdiction of this department. , The same Is also true In the case of pnrk areas under the War department. All should be placed feet below the surface. If we are to Und an archaeological name for this epoch there seems to be no better one than eolltlilc, the dawn of the stone nge, when European man had hardly more than begun to chip a stone Imple ment, although we must recognize the unreadiness of many or most arch aeologists to find a place for such rude products." Land of Glamor and Romance. There are many tales nnd legends told concerning the Tlpperary moun RIGHTS OF CHILDREN Rdssenu was practically the first to discover that the child lived a life of Hi own In a world of Its own, and to demand that ft should be allowed to live It In freedom. We have gone far since his time,' and now are ap proaching the extreme where It seems that the kindest thing the adult can do la to get out of the child's way! Psycho-anaylsli does at least show us ot even child l a separate entity, yfa(iirr rhsiaryj under the general Jurisdiction of tho national park service to the end .hut harmony and effectiveness may char acterise Hie administration of the na tion's park nreas." Representative Carl Ilayden of Ari zona, speaking in the house In support of the national monument estimate of $27,000 asked for by the national park service, said among other things: "There are 24 national monuments under the Jurisdiction of the national park service, and It Is not only vain but foolish to expect that they can be administered, protected, maintained, preserved and Improved at un average annual cost of a little over $.ri00 each, ns is provided by this appropriation of $12,500. The visitors to the Onsn Grande ruin Increased from 3,007 In 1019 to 7,720 In 1020. Rut $4,000 has been expended for the repair and ex cavation of this 'Greet House,' built by a prehistoric rnce of which the present Indian tribes have no tradi tion nnd which was found as a ruin by Father Kino, the Spanish explorer, In 1094. The amount appropriated will provide practically nothing but the snlnry of the custodian. "Montezuma's castle Is another na tlonul monument which Is sadly neg lected nnd suffering from vandalism. "A custodian should likewise be ap pointed for the Tumacacori mission, which is threatened with destruction by those who have from time to time dug up its floor nnd undermined Its foundation In search of gold and silver which, nccording to tradition, was buried there by the Spanish priests. Unless an ample npproprlntlon Is made this mission, founded about 1730 by Father Kino, will fall Into complete ruin. Over 5,000 visitors In spected this undent mission Inst year. "Last year over 30,000 people vislled the I'etrliled Forest .National monu ment nnd during the height of the sen sori It Is estimated that from one to two tons of petrified wood wns carried away each day by these tourists, which the park service wus powerless to pre vent. "I hope that in the future something more substantial will be accomplished. At least $1,500 on the average should be appropriated for the care of the national monuments, or a total of $30,000." The 30 national monuments may be thus classified : Prehistoric monu ments, 11 ; historic landmarks, 5; nut urnl monuments, 20. This Is only a beginning. The national monument system should embrace Important pre historic remains, historic landmarks and nreos Illustrating the range of geological phenomena, fauna and flora and picturesque scenery. These na tional monuments can be set aside by presidential proclamation under the act for the preservation of American antiquities. And If we do not get them soon, we shall not get them at all. tains, and as we wander along their heather-covered sides and the glamor and the romance of the Irish at mosphere creeps Into our being, we can readily believe In them all. The country around Slleve-na mon Is the country thut Charles J. Klckhnin, the Tlpperary poet and writer, Immortal ized In his famous "Knocknagow," a book that has been rend nnd mroiH h all who love the land of the shamrock ana which you will find In even the meanest cabin hom in Tinnon.., Montreal Family Herald. that children do not run In types or classes, and that each must be dealt with Independently of the rest The Individual educator should be the parent first and the teacher second, and each particular child can be the better educated the more thoroughly It Is understood. The Queen (Lon don). Girl a ''Miss" When Under Ten. In England "Miss" wns formnrlv nn. piled only to females under tea yenr oi age, Distinct Shortage of Labor and Higher Cost of Materials Among Diffi culties Encountered. Every kind of road cost about twice ns much lo build In lir.'O as It did In 11117, according t(i the chief (if the bureau of piddle runds, United Suites Department of Agriculture, and high way construction suffered more tliim any oilier class of work through rail road congestion, strikes, labor trou bles, and material shortages. After the war there was a (.Teat public demand for Improved roads. Many roads had been seriously dirnt aged by war trallle, and lv aipeared that tiro return of men from military service would provide an abundance of ft , Arf.V.V . .' V. . .V -A . -i Sand-Clay Road Is datisractory. abor. The nrmv of laborers which we expected to applv for the work did not, hc.vever, materia Ize. On the contrary, there was a dMinct shoriuu'e of labor, and wages retched the high est levels attained In the historv of the count rv. In 1017, competent labor could be secured for from $1.50 to ..) per dnv. but the corresponding wages In 1020 were from S3 to f 5 for u short er day's work. In proportion to this demand there wus also a pronounced scarcity of con struction materials. Nuid, gravel, stone and cement, and inaterinls com monly used In road wont increased In price between 1017 and 1020 from 60 to 100 per cent. XatuMlly, these In creases in cost were reflected In the prices paid to contractors for road work. Gruvel roads Increased from $4,535 to $7,250 per mile; concrete from $21,105 to upward of $40,000 per mile, und brick roads from $33,(HKI fo $55,000 ier mile. ' As funds available for rond con struction lire largely limited by statute, or by the returns from taxation, a majority of the states tills year have deliberately withheld work, the plans for which had been completed, until they could obtain u greuter return for their expenditure. MORE GOOD ROADS BIG NEED Will increase Growing Popularity of Automobiles and Help Build ' Up Communities. To determine, the average mileage the automobile owner covers In a pleasure trip In the evening after the day's work Is over, uu Investiga tion among 250 owners in a middle western city of around 300,000 popu lation resulted In un overage of 3S miles. Sixty-two per cent stated they would make longer trips if the roads permitted, 85 per cent stated they usu ally made their- trips oUt Into the country. From these figures It is easy to see that more good roads will In crence the growing popularity of the automobile, which In turn helo to build up communities, relieving congestion In the crowded cities, cre ute a wider circulation of money, In crease realty values, lower triinnu tatlon costs and Introduce "America First" to more people. ROAD SOILS DIFFER WIDELY Just What Characteristics Are Which Make Thenf Different Puzzles Highway Engineers. The federal highway engineers point out that soils differ widely In their ability to support loads, particu larly when they are wet. Just why this Is true and Just what are ihe characteristics which make them dif ferent is little understood nt present. It Is In tills field of Investigation, of Incrensing Importance because of the growing volume of heavy traffic, that the federal Investigators expect to se cure Important Information. ADVANTAGES OF PAVED ROADS Give Ever-Increasing Share of Service In Providing Safe Highways for Motor Traffic. Paved roads are giving an ever-Increasing shore of service in providing safe, permanent, dependable highways for heavy motortruck ffalllc, relieving railroads of much short haul, lessen ing terminal congestion nnd In these ways making the handling nnd ship ment of supplies much easier. Advantages of Paved Road. A paved rond suves more tlinn It costs. It Is open to maximum traffic all the year. It brings greater free dom and ease all around in essential travel and transportntlon. It perma nently Increases land values. Problem for Serious Study. The Stlnd of road to build, and the wajr which the road shall be paid for fter It Is built, Is a problem for serl ows study and not for spurious ai'lta tlon. ........ MfmMp wkirwi III lielglan troops marching past the Frederick statue In Dusscldorf In occupy this important German city In the Mime territory. Insert A I iviich machine gun on the famous iMisschlori bridge. A. R. C. Saves Captain Pedlow, A. 11. C, head of a few of the thousands of hungry little Training Camps M4 J Mb VvliMfciYv M&i7m'i HSS1l"r""'mww1""'' """t""""11"1" m 'tfmmmemmmmiiis.m j IW si .v Uncle Sum has estahlislied camps where boys can spend vacations at nominal cost under the supervision of C. S. military officers. The picture shows scenes In Camp Itoosevell, Muskegon, Mich. Chicngouns pay the way of ninny poor boys In this camp. Upper A company street. Lower Maj. Gen. W. A. llaaii, Genera! StnlT, Washington, at rllle inspection. "Cowless" Milk Made in Boston O'V bttpffif''li. fix W I'liotogriiph of Ir. K. 11. Cnrr and G. K. Cornforth nmklng "cowless" syn thetic milk In the laboratory of n sanitarium near Boston. It Is made from oats, peanuts nnd water. Vegetarians approve It because It contains no animal futs; food experts are Inclined to reject It for the same reason. GETTING WORK FOR VETERANS American Legion Successful In Its Ef forts to Connect Ex-Soldiers With Needed Jobs, New YorkThere were 400,000 vet erans of the World war out of work In the United States on March 1 last, jccordlng to nn estimate received by the American Legion. This Is a re action of about 100,000 from the peak" of more than 500,000 Jobless !X service men lo the country shortly These Little Ones ft. the American ltert Cross bure'iiii nt Iliidupest, surrounded by "his children" Auslriuns und Hungarians the Hod Cross is keeping from sturvutlon. for City Boys after Jaminry 1 lost, and the Legion reports state there Is promise of furth er Improvement. The survey of the national Bltuntlon on which these figures are based was made by the American Legion Week ly, official publication of the Legion, which states that the unemployment situation, as nffectlng the veterans, "appears to have taken a turn for the better." , 4 A chain of employment agencies op erated by the Legion In every state has done much to relieve the situation, From Starvation EUGENE V. DEBS Kugeiie . liehs. recent Socialist can didate for president and serving 10-vear sentence in Atlanta peniten tiary for obstructing the draft during (lie war, called on Attorney General Daugherty in Washington by request. He uiade the round trip from prison alone und was not recognized. His case Is considered unlike that of any other. ROBERT N. STANFIELD Robert N. Stunfield is the u?w sea ator from Oregon. He Is a former speaker of 'the Oregon house of rep-resentatlves. say the Legion officials. The Legtos has been Instrumental In obtaining work for veterans, In discouraging ths migration of unemployed men to ward the great industrial centers and has encouraged a movement trom cit ies to the farms. It has demanded that workers who left their position to go to war should enjoy seniority rights'on a par with those of military nge wbo stayed at home. Nearly a year 4s required for the. returned veteran to get back to his old stride In Industry. t . ,. i . ... .JVyrr . " : 4 ItfSTt