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ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C
British Adopt French Ruins London to Restore Verdun, but Cemeteries Prevent Work on Outlying Villages. NEWCASTLE ASSISTS ARRAS Manchester Raising $250,000 to Lift Meziere Out of Its Heap of Dust and Ashes Raise Money for the Rhelms Cathedral, New York. Despite the burden of their wur debts Mid the heavy tuxes In the billions of pounds sterling they poured Into Kumpe to save civiliza tion, the people of Great Britain still ure finding means to help the stricken populace In the devastated regions of France. Under the stimulus of a campaign directed by the central committee of the British League of Help, they ure donating millions of dollars to repair, rebuild or restore public utilities, houses, villages and towns In the war swept zone of France. More than SO ruined towns and villages have been adopted by Kngllsh cities and towns. Verdun, that became Immortal as one of the bloodiest battlefields of the entire war, has been adopted by the city and county of Loudon. So great was the havoc wrought there by the enemy guns, so great the loss of life, and so numerous and thickly popu-1 lated the cemeteries of the soldier , dead, that many of the outlying vll-1 luges may never be reclaimed. But Verdun proper, the city that "Ihey Shall Not I'ass," Is to be restored In Its entirety. Boroughs Take Individual Action, Aside from this severul London bor oughs ure taking Individual action. Ac cording to reports received by the for eign Information department of the Bankers' Trust company, Kensington has adopted Souehes, Wadsworth bus undertaken to look after the needs of Villers-I'louich, and other boroughs are forming committees to raise funds to take care of other villages. Manchester Is raising foO.iHK) to help to resurrect the dust heap that once was Mezleres; and of this amount U,lKX) already has been sub scribed. Newcastle has undertaken to provide 20.000 for Arras, and has paid Its second Installment of the gift. On Febnmrv 5, when the mayor of Arras visited Newcastle a check for 200.000 I francs was handed to him. And Oxford, Sheffield, Exeter, Eves ham, Ensthoaruv, Clrenchester and Birmingham have glvfn and are giving to their capacity. Oxford proposes to restore the wa ter supply and to rebuild the school at Fayet. For this object, nearly 700 already has been coftected. Sheffield has adopted three towns and villages Bapitume, Pulsions and Serre, all made famous In the battle of the Somme and In the great Ger man drive In 1!1H. The fund In the hands of the lord mayor of Sheffield now stands at .".000. Of this a first installment of ."O.inio francs lias been sent to Bapuunie toward the establish ment of n day nursery; and, at the special request of Its mayor, a mo tor tractor has been forwarded to Pulsletix. Eversham Orders Cider Fruit Trees. Exeter Is undertaking to restore the water supply at Moiitdldier, where the American tro ps first went Into the battle line, and has forwarded 2,(0 to the mayor of that city. Evesham Is raising fl.ooo for Hebuterne, and has ordered K) elder fruit trees from Holland. Eastbourne has sent to-ISrny-snr-Snmme a gift of 5,000 francs, be sides supplying that ruined village with goods and foodstuffs to the value of f500. Cirencester has cqulpped'und Is supporting a food kitchen for the Our New Postmaster on the Job K yf. KlSy ' v"f sj K Ml f ir m : s 4f$ "Postmaster General Hoys Is making Inspection visits' to the big cities r.nd outlining his policy of "n square deal" to postal employees. The photo graph shows him In the .distributing department of the New York postofflce. Mr. Hays, as chairman of the National Republican committee, made a repu tation as a manager and harmonlter. TAKES UP SCHOOL GARDENS Polish Children Enlisted In the Garden Army by the Junior Red Cross . 1 . of America. Washington. Modeled along the lines of America's school garden army, is the force of Polish children formed by the Junior Red Cross of , America when that organization was called uion to carry relief and cheer to the children of Kosciusko's land. With the rt warm unrlnir davfi thousands of school children of Passel aud Vllle, to which agrlcultuial Implements, sewing machines and clothing have beeu sent. Birmingham has adopted Albert. As a first step, clothing, boots and blunk ets to the value of ."00 have beeD sent, and more Is to follow. Apart from the organized assist: ice of the British League of Help, the British are raising a special fund for the restoration of the ltheims cathe dral, mid the Itoyal Agricultural soci ety has organized a fund to supply cut tle to the raided farms of French ag riculturists. To this fund 70,000 al ready has been subscribed. Confiscating Big F ' u ejSrWajsSy An alleged delivery of liquor ny one of their drivers without a transpor tation permit resulted In a raid on the warehouse of the Singer Brothers in New York. The federal agents are shown listing some of the confiscated goods. URGE NATION TO SAVE FORESTS Joint Action of State and Fed eral Governments Necessary to Stop Destruction. FOREST FIRES ONE PROBLEM Largest and Most Important Field for Co-operation Is Fire Prevention Cost of Protection Should be Shared by Private Owner. Washington. Need for public action to save the remaining forests of the L'nlted States from devustutlon, and to provide for timber production on lauds already lulil waste, was strongly urged by Col. V. B. Greeley, chief of the forest service, l'nlted States De partment of Agriculture, at the hear ings before the house agricultural com mittee on the Snell bill. The bill authorizes and directs the secretary of agriculture, In co-operation wilii the various states or other suitable agencies, to recommend the requirements essential for protecting timbered and cut-over land from fire, refreshing denuded lands, und cutting atjul removing timber crops so that continuous production of timber will he promoted. To bring bito effect these requirements, and with a view to furnishing a continuous supply of timber for the use and necessities of the public, co-operation between the federal government and the states U youngsters in Poland will gather up their hoea, rakes and spades and ad vance upon vacant lots, determined to convert them into vegetable and flower gardens. Just as will young America, . V .',, - Of the many things which the Junior Red Cross introduced to the children of Poland, community gardens made the strongest appeal. It not only gave the children a chance to take up garden ing, but also provided healthful recit ation for thousands of stunted, under nourished little bodies fighting an un Drank 54.150 Glasses of Root Beer in One Year Because he scheduled JMl.oO In war tax on root beer during 1020, a Lithuanian coal miner of Springfield, III., was asked by John Pickering, collector of In ternal revenue, to look over his Income tax again. After de ducting his union dues, dona tions to churches and charities and war tax on theater tickets this man still had Sl.Ml.oO for which to account. His root beer thirst cut his Income to $1,000, he said. To satisfy his cravings, ac cording to his figures, the miner had to drink H glares of root beer a day, or 54, lot) glasses In a year. Store of Liquors authorized, on such conditions r.s the secretury of ugriculturc may deter mine to be fair and reasonable. Expenses Borne Jointly. Federal expenditures under eo-oper-ativo agreements with stales would, under the bill, have to be at least equaled by stute expenditures derived either from general taxation or from owners of forest lands under state re quirements. The bill ulso provides for a survey of the forest resources and requirements of the country, for experiments and Investigations In re forestation and methods of cutting and utilizing timber, for enlarged pur chases of lands for federal adminis tration as national forests, and for various filler features of u national program of forestry. In urging the necessity for action, Colonel Greeley pointed out that the essentltil problem of providing for fu ture needs Is a national one. "New York," the colonel suld, "Im ports nine-tenths of the lumber which she requires. Pennsylvania Imports four-fifths, while a large group of mid dle western states Import 97 per cent of their wood. The bulk of our paper comes from half a dozen states. The growing of timber on enormous areas of land adapted by nature to that pur pose and scattered throughout 119 states Is Just as much a national ne cessity and Just as much a mutter for national action as the encouragement of agriculture or tlte maintenance of Interstate transportation. "The growing of timber ennnot be left to private lultlatlve alone. Under the bill the federal government will assume the technical leadership of the eforestatlon movement throughout the country. While In the prairie states co-operation would have to deal chiefly with tree planting, In other states It should cover technical meth ods of Are prevention, of disposal of debris left In logging, of cutting vari ous types of timber so as to secure a new crop of the kind desired, und the like. 'The largest and most imiwrtant field of co-operation, however, In nil states containing extensive forest ureas is in the prevention of forest Hres, This Is the first step to a con tinuous supply of timber. Once the vastt area of cut-over land sultuble for Imber production Is renlly pro tected from forest fires, three-quarters of our forest problem Is solved. "The cost of forest protection should be shared by the public and the pri vate owner. But fire prevention is not an end In Itself. The reforesta tion of timber-growing land nnd the actual production of timber Is the real objective. In no Instances should fed eral funds be expended unless the state carries out the requirements found necessary by the federal forest service to make timber grow." Buys Sheepskin Coats. Washington. The United States public health service has Just bought 2,500 sheepskin coats for the tubercu lous patients In its hospitals, so that they may be able to sit out In the air and the sun this winter. It's the fresh air that counts. equal battle with disease In the crowd ed capital of Poland, Warsaw. In ad dition it has already helped to keep the wolf of starvation away from many a home. The children enlisted In the garden army In Warsaw raise potatoes, beets, carrots, cabbage, parsnips and beans. Their fall crop In 1920 comprised 03 tons. The success of the Warsaw gardens last year was so pronounced that they will be extended to other centers this1 yprlng- . . - scorns (Conducted by National Council of the Boy Scouts of America.) SCOUT LEADERS ASSEMBLE The eleventh annual meeting of the untloiml council, Hoys Scouts of Amer ica, took place at the Hotel Commo dore, New York city, recently, with scout men to the number of 194 pres ent, from 80 slates, representing the enormous volunteer leadership of the country. These men come together every yeur to review the work of the past 12 months und to muke pluns for the future. The spirit of the whole meeting was admirably expressed In the' forceful phraseology of the Chief Scout Kxecu tlve James K, West, as follows: "It must be ever borne In mind that the basis of strength und power of the bey scout movement will not be meas ured alone by thd tiiijpber of scouts and scout olllcluls, the records of uc tlvlty of the national council, or num ber of local councils organized; these are but a means to nn end. The value of the scout movement will be Judged by the Individual boy scout bis con d'ict, appearance, the way he puts ln 1 1 practice the neout oath and law and ,'cveals that he is actually prepared to do things worth while because of he program of activities of the Hoy Scouts of America." Iicsolmlons were passed endorsing the work of the Klwanls and Ilotary clubs In giving scouting and other boy programs generous support nnd sympathy and greetings were ordered sent to the hoy scouts of Great Prlt a in, France nnd liclgium, In partic ular, and to boy scouts everywhere throughout the world. It was also voted to continue the co-operation with the American committee for devastated France by aptln lending Lome M. Harclay, director of the department of education of the national council for a period of six months to the work of the committee In France, looking for ward to the development of scouting In Franco iitul particularly to assist In bringing about unification of the various branches of the scout move ments In that country. HONORS FOR BRAVE SCOUTS. During the year 1020 the national court of honor of the Hoy Scouts of America Issued medals as follows to scouts for conspicuous service In life saving and first aid: Two gold medals, 13 sliver medals, 17 bronze medals. The gold medal cases were particularly striking, In volving the heroic rescue of two chil dren from a burning building by a young assistant scoutmaster, George Noble of Charlton, la., and another remarkably self-forgetful and fine at tempt on the part of a scout, Joseph Mardls of Troop No. 1, East Liver pool, to save his scoutmaster from a fallen live wire at the Imminent risk of his own life. Nine of the silver medal cases were water accidents, and In each case the rescuer showed ex ceptional courage and clearheaded ness. The other silver mednl cases were a live wire rescue, the rescue of children from a burning building and from automobile and truck accidents. The third scout law requires that a scout shall be prepared at any time to save life and help Injured persons, and the records of the court of honor abundantly prove that the boys are living up to this obligation In full measure. In addition to these 32 medals already mentioned, 57 letters of commendation were sent by the court of houor to boys who per formed deeds of excejrtlonal excel lence In life saving and first aid, with out risk to their own lives. ASK A SCOUT HE KNOWS. "What a Boy Scout Does Not Know Is Not Worth' Knowing," When There Is a Breakdown. NEW JAMAICA STAMPS. "Jamaica, In issuing a new pictorial series, has adopted the peculiar Idea of calling It a set commemorative of the Island's exlilhlt 30 years ago," writes Kent B. Stiles, the stamp ed itor, In Boys' Life. "The Inscription Includes 'Jamaica Exhibition, 1SV and the design on the various denom inations consist of the exhibition build ings of that period. The situation smacks of a desire to obtain pennlea from collectors In order that Jamaica may help finance her postal adminis tration!" . LINCOLN'8 DI8TASTE FOR HUNT ING. "In all the work Abraham, took his part," says Ida M, Tarbelt In her "Boy Scouts' Life of Lincoln" In Boys' Life. "The ax was put Into hla hands as soon as he arrived In Indiana, and be was so strong and so willing that he was soon able to swing It with skill. It was only from hunting that he held back. Be had no taste for killing tilings. Just before? he was eight years old he shot nui first turkey and It was his last ' Be never shot deer or bear. ' PA V !r"v LABOR UNAPPRECIATED. "Why did you resign from the movies?" "It wus this way." suld the ex-film uetor: "I drove a motorcar at CO miles an hour off a pier Into the sen, swum out to a capsized boat und rescued the heroine, curried her to shore and fought a battle with three make-be lieve smugglers and when I sat down to recover my breath, what do you suppose the director said to me?" "'lira vol' probably." "No. lie said: 'A little more action please.' Then I quit." A QUALIFIED EXPERT The Constant Reader: Your "Sue cess In Business" page is very inspir ing. The man who runs it must be a wonder. The Managing Editor: He should be. He's had twenty years business experience In as many different linea and we pay him thirty dollars a week for running the page. Domestic Repartee. "Tou'ro klmler to dumb animals," Ills wife said, "than to me." "Well, you try being dumb." he growlt "And see how kind I'll be." Shifted Responsibilities. "The trouble with most politicians Is that they promise more Ihun they can perform." "1 avoid flint," replied Senator Sor ghum. "I keep a man hired to niuka my promises, and If the promises don't come true I ndmlulster n shocking re proof to him, with the disappointed constituent as a highly approving au dience." Wanted It to Go. "This Is my car," exploded the Irate tourist to the garagenien, "and what I say about It, goes see?" Just then a dlrty-fuced machinist crawled out from under the dead ma chine and said, pleudlngly, "Say 'en gine,' mister!" Cartoons Maguzlne. The Likeness. "A beauty doctor, taking the skin off the society queens' complexions Is very much like a sexton at the church chimes." "I can't see the likeness, I roust say." "Isn't he peeling the belles?" His Activities. First Artist Been doing nnythlnp lately? Second Artist I knocked off a con pie of girls' heads last week and fin ished off the mayor of kludmouth. Edinburgh Scotsman. Spent It Fitly. "Thnt money you laid aside for a rainy dny, did you use It In tho way you Intended V "Not exactly, but I did not spend it altogether Inappropriately I bought watered stock with It." OF COURSE , 1st Fish: De you sleep well at night? 2nd Fish: Sure, ain't V'rocked In In the cradle of the deep." Do It Gracefully. Do a man a favor With a pleasant smile. Or It loses savor In a little while. . How It Struck Him. Farmer Brown Glad to see ye home agin, Silas. How's things lu Noo Ynwk? Farmer Green Ilustlln'. Joshua. hustlin'I Why, the way. folks rush aroun' there, ye'd think th' cows were loose In the cabbage patch the bull tarnation time. A Loss. "I almost changed countenance when I heard the news." "What a pity you lost such a chancel" ! Drawing Attention. "Her low-cut buck caused aensa-, tlon In. the ballroom." ' "It wasn't cut lower than some oth ers r "No, but she forgot to remove a por ous plaster she was wearing." ' The Talking Machine. ' , North Has Morjorle any education along musical UnesT 1 . .West I should say sol. Na-ne any record and she can tell you what's on the other aide t Cartoons Magnslne. DAIRY POINTS RAISE STANDARD' OF ANIMALS Bringing Out Desirable Characteris tics by Selective Breeding Re ceives More Attention. (Prepared br the United States Depart ment or Agriculture.; The tusk of raising the standard of farm animals and poultry and bringing out certain desirable characteristics by selective breeding is receiving more at tention as methods of furmlug for profit become intensified. The breedlnir of doniestle animals dates buck to remote antiquity, when m .wires? Interest the Boy in Better Stock. the most advanced races of the Old World were on the border line between savagery nnd barbarism. It far ante dates any but the simplest mechanical arts. Yet, while our knowledge of the laws of nature us they apply to ma chines bus reached great magnitude and complexity. It bus liecn compara tively a few years since the principles of breeding have been more than a col- ectlon of unrelated traditional hellers. The same superstitions on which the shepherds of Asia based their practices at least 3t centuries ago are sllll wide ly current, while the one sound princi ple known to the utielvnts selection of the best for breeding stock Is still much neglected. The principles of successful animal breeding, ns they have been learned by practical experience In the l'nlted States and older countries, and by care ful scientific study along definite lines, are outlined In Bulletin 1)05, recently Issued by the l'nlted States Depart ment of Agriculture. This bulletin goes Into the first prln Iples of reproduction and follow with the means by which certain character istics of one or the other parent are transmitted to the offspring, the meth ods of selection best suited to Intensify the desirable characteristics and weed out the undesirable, the characteris tics which can with certainty be ex pected to continue from one generation to another, those whlcji are uncertain otid those which cannot be Inherited. Aside from mere Increase In num bers, the purposes which the breeder Is likely to have In mind fall under two more or less distinct heads, namely, production of a uniform product, and improvement. A uniform product de pends on such control over the heredity of the stock that matlngs ran he made with the assurance that the offspring will be of a certain definite type for which there Is a demand. Improvement Is, of course, closely related to control over heredity, but the methods which give the greatest control ore not neces sarily those which lead to the moat rapid Improvement. In a broad souse, the whole subject of pructlcal breeding conies under the head of selection. The most- obvious basis for such selection Is the perform ance of the anlmulrf themselves. Un fortunutely, the merits of most kinds of live stock cannot be measured direct ly. The study of conformation as an index of useful qualities has according ly held a high place as a basis for se lection of breeding stock. Live stock Judging has this for Its purpose. An animal of good breeding Is a better one to breed than one of equal Individual merit but of mixed or common breed ing. Pedigree, though often misused, Is a valuable aid to selection, apart from following a general policy of mat ing. The soundest basts of all for se lection of breeding stock Is the record of past performance as a breeder, pro vided the record Is sufficiently exterr slve to gfve a fair test. MANY COWS NOT PROFITABLE Ten Million "Boarders" In United States Whose Yield Is Lesa Than Cost of Feed. Not over a third of the so-called dairy cows of the l'nlted States are profitable to their owners. Ten mil lion "boarder" cows are milked whose yield Is worth less than their feed. Their owners seem to keep them for the sole purpose nf milking them four teen times a week, cleaning out after them, and otherwise enjoying their society. SALT IS HIGHLY IMPORTANT Cewa Whan Deprived of It Become Emaciated and Finally Suffer Complete Breakdown. Dr. Babeoek, of Wisconsin, found that cows when deprived of salt be come emaciated and were of low vital ity and finally Buffered a complete breakdown." He recommended that they be fed three-fourths of an ounce per dny wlfii an additional six-tenths of an ounce for each twenty pounds of milk produced. Warm Water for Cowe, A simple tie rice to warm the cows' drinking water isn't fool Idea, but pays in dollar and cents in Increased production. Better Quality of 8tock. Good progress Is being made on many farma in the developing of the quality of the live stock. ' Good Days far Pruning. . .Warm dava may be used to advan tage In pruning the apple and shade IT:'' Ymr e3 "fc-"- 'y--Sf i'.m' -Sjwvei IE? Daddy $ 4 Lverii6 Fairy Tale yWY GRAHAM BONNER. inwii ! wttiikwi pr VtWUH NIWAMR bfciON II FALSE VANITY'S FORTUNES. Master Thoughtfulness Knew quit well that the boy and the gHI adven turers would not let old Madame False Vanity fool them. 1 He sang to himself as he thought of what a Joke It would be. She would fconn see she couldn't. "First," said Muduine False Vanity, "I will tell the beautiful young girl's fortune." She stopped looking at herself In the pool nnd looked at the girl, reach ing out for her bund, The girl gave Madame False Vanity her hand and looked at her. She seemed to look more' artificial than ever, her hair looked as though she had dyed It, and her fuce looked as though she hod painted It with a brush. It seemed to the girl that Madame False' Vanity wns unattrac tive because she was so unnatural. "(law Into the pool," said Madame False Vanity. The girl gazed Into the pool and she looked quite different. "Hear what she has to say," whis pered Master Thoughtfulness. "hut ibn't believe any of It, for she Is a dreadful creature for not telling the truth. She likes everything that Is false. And she does a greut deul of harm. You'll see." 'Are you tnlklng about me?" i:sked Mudume False Vanity of Master Thoufilitfulmws. "You're such a thoughtful soul that you are probably warning tills boy aud girl not to be lieve me. 'Now, what is the use of that, Mas ter Thoughtfulness? "Why not let them get all the fun they can by believing they're beauti ful and lovely nnd fine, and that they will be rich and splendid and noble. "Ah," suld Master Thoughtfulness, "you have seen tliot you couldn't fool this boy and this girl, and so for one of the few times In your fortune-telling life you've been quite honest. "You tell fortunes to people, and make false promises. You tell them the) will surely be fine nnd splendid and 'beautiful and brave. You flatter "8uch Nonsense." thi m. You make them vain. You keep (htm from having any ambition. That is one of the worst things about yon. "I don't really look at all like I Icok In this pool," said the girl, "It makes me look different. Madame False Vanity hue her pcol Into which she makes folks look away from the brlcht sunshine. She knows there la nothing false about the sunshine, and that she can't fool with It Madame False Vanity looked at the girl and sighed. "You believe Muster Thought fulness and you won't believe False Vimltv. thouirh I will slve you lots of happiness and false delight over false and. unreul 'promises. I will save you from doing anything that Is hard, tou need only think you are fine." "Isn't It fine," said Master Thought fInM tn himself, "that this boy and this girl can't be Influenced by False Vanity: Sometimes, no matter wnat i bhi her manner and her way makes folks do as she says, and then they g on through their days and nignts noMlnir llwmaplVM nn the back hoA saying that they're wonderful, when they're not In the least, ana wnen they're making no effort to Imp" rove themselves." "Here, hoy, let me tell your for tune," suld Mudume False Vanity. "I like boys, for boys will be great, suc cessful men. and they will be popu lar and tiiey will be handsome." "Oh. ho," laughed the boy. "did 1 ever hear such nonsense In all my life." "I don't believe I brought very good customers to you tort-." uld Master Thoughtfulness. "I do not mind," said Madame False Vanity. "I'm kept busy enough, and boys and girls don't make such good customers nowadays. They don't have much faith In me." "Oood-by, then," said Master i....,nn.a and tkA l)OV Aflll tllA J UOUgliliuim- " " ' " girl called out their good bys, too. He Should Be a Diplomat. Three boys were sifting on a fence. One was patlng an apple. One of the other boys said, "Gimme a hunk of your apple." "I would If you hadn't asked me" replied the apple .eater calmly. , ' In a short while the third lad spoke up hopefully, saying, "Well, I never asked you, did I?" "Nope," replied the owner of the apple, swallowing the last of It In one mouthful, "you didn't ask me for any, so 1 s'posed you dCdn't want any." 1 Health In White Cedar. Water palls and other vessels made of southern white cednr were long held to have a wholesome effect on the contents because of supposed medicinal properties of the wood, says the American Forestry Magazine. It was even believed that water Issuing from a white cedar spigot had its bealthfulness Increased. Not Hla Father's Son. What relation Is a child to Its own father when It Is not its' own father's own son? Ills Daughter. ipple and shade l ;': ' ' S trees.