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at ROANOSE RAPIDS HERALD., ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C. LEGION ROLLERS UNDER THEM ffi? Daddy's . - . . Che. ?dtveiiir1 r fruit q'jM'M- 7: ) vTOfcFv Wife . "" AIN'T, NATURE GRAND1 Xjay: gf) mi7cs ani Jfam oni 6?ams and smiles, Willi sun and gentle showers, With all her springtime wooing 'wiles, On grass and trees and flowers; And then she gels her live wires crossed And goes and flirts wilh old Jack Frost, . Although she knows the brute Thinks it smart and cute To nip bud, blossom, fruit! . And then she smiles the same old smile And works again the same old guile On all the land To beat the band. Ain't Nature grand! WO cold snaps this spring caused wide st' " spread damage to tne rruit crops, n. - Tlie southern limit of the one at the Vo Jfa end of March wns well Into Oklnhoma, April did not extend so far south, but fitat)nttiit ta tinttti Tina it lia flret J3il frost. The northern limit of dumage It In both runs up to the Great Lakes ' . and In Minuesot.a and New York and Vermont, clear to the Canad'lan bouiidury. , Iteports are that the damage Is heavy In places. For example, two experts of the crop reporting service In Missouri estimated the damage to fruits and eurly vegetables at $10,000,000. The opple crop In Washington, Benton, and oth er counties In the northwest Arkansas fruit region will he practically a total loss. Peaches and cher ries were killed and strawberries, damaged almost 00 per cent. Dispatches sold about 05 per cent of the fruit crop In Oklahoma Is ruined. It Is estimated that Nebraska's crop of early cherries, apples, pears, arid plums Is a total loss. The early varieties of fruit lu some eastern states also suffered heavily. Early peaches, cherries, and plums probably have been killed In southeastern Pennsylvania. The cold weather seriously damaged the fruit crop In the southern part of Ohlc, where the fruit was far advanced. Thousands of Maryland fruit trees were In full bloom when hit by this frost. Growers In Wash ington county, the center of the western Maryland peach belt, report the peach crop destroyed, The fruit crop In Kentucky apparently was killed. Therefore the following article, prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture, Is worth the attention of every fruit grower: The weather bureau of the United States De partment of Agriculture bos been able to discover the weapon used by that old enemy of mankind, Jack Frost, and In a recent published report It tells the farmer and fruit grower Just what Jack's Invisible weapon Is, and how, under ordinary con ditlons, the sprite's own artillery may be used against him. Frost, of course, occurs whenever the mercury drops to 32 "degrees F. or lower. If much mois ture Is present In the atmosphere this drop In temperature Is manifested by the white crystals of frozen moisture upon leaf or gross stem, and there Is what Is known as a "white frost." If flie temperature drops to the required degree and does Lot reach the point when water from the al." Is condensed, there will be few crystals de posited, and the result Is a "black frost." A "freeze" Is the terra applied to a condition of cold more permanent than a frost, and such a condition may occur when there are high winds. True "frosts" occur only when the surface air Is rel atively calm. Temperature, like water, seek a level. During the day the earth receives more heat than It can throw off, but at night this supply of heat Is topped. During the day the heat thrown off; by the earth warms the thin blanket of air next the ground. This blanket, as It warms, loses Its density and ascends. Cooling as It rises, present ly It encounters air of Its own temperature, and there It stops. Meanwhile Its place has been taken by other colder air, which Is In turn warmed by contact with the ground. This exchange goes ' on until, at sundown, all the air of a wide layer above the earth has been warmed, and the high est temperature Is felt nearest the earth. Earth Squanders It Heat. , Now, with the sunset, old earth begins to suffer from a bit of aerial trickery. All day long he has been patiently passing out heat to one cold air layer after another; nlgbt comes, and with It the loss of his source of supply, but do these warm upper layers pass back any of the heat they begged during the day? They do not unless they are made to. The layer close to the earth does! and thus they leave their coldest blanket t the shivering earth while they sail about feet .Above their late benefactor, serene rm and selfish, little caring bat the cpend- irtn Is freezing his tees below, e earth becomes colder the air Blanket brown old skin becomes colder, too, and as It becomes colder, so that the colder It ie more tightly It fits, and ho has little f throwing off hlo chilly coverlet to seize ser aone. The earth, too prodigal of his . IT agalff 40 off - i. .1 & nuu 1 I fern i it plal I Tt'i it ill Btish Premier n- Fiffhter day-time heat, regrets, his generosity of the sun shiny hours.. On rainy days, when the clcud strata has cut off the sun's heat, the earth Is not much warmed during the day. If, during the night, the clouds blow away, the earth is apt to go bankrupt. That Is why, when the season Is passing from spring to summer, or from summer to fall, a three days' rnln Is so often followed by a frost. The, first clrar'nlght presents heat bills to the earth which .he Is unable to pay, and Jack Frost, nature's sheriff, places his crisp Real upon the Improvident old fellow. The farmer looks out across his blasted fields In the morning and sighs, "A kill ing frost last night." ' And this Is because the old earth, already gray with age and experience, hasn't yet learned how to "save up for-a rainy day!" The most common method for frost prevention Is to establish a sort of savings bank for the old fellow earth. Best assured that he'll spend his reserve If fee can I Glass makes the best heat sav ings bank. It has the curious property of allow ' lug the heat from the sun to puss through to the earth, hut It will not allow the radiated heat from the earth to go back to the "eager air." Glass Is. expensive, however, and con be used only for the protection of comparatively small areas of ground. Wood Is also a good watchman to set above the ancient profligate. Though It will not allow heat to pus! from the sun as glass does, neither will , It allow It to pass outward from the earth. In sections of the South a lath network Is used to cover crops during the danger periods. The wood en network holds down a large amount of heat, and when a frost occurs It helps the frozen plants by shading them from the direct rays of the morning sun and allows them to thaw gradually. Quick thawing of the frozen water particles In plant or fruit is fatal, as It causes the cellular tissues to breuk down ; If the thawing process Is very gradunl the plant may reabsorb the fluid and the damage done may be surprisingly slight. Various Methods Used. Taper Is of less value In conserving hent than Is wood, though It Is more efficient than cloth. Cloth allows that cold mendicant, the air, to pene trate to the earth and steal the last degree of beat from him. So a cloth covering must be quite heuvy If the frost 1s a hard wie. Iron or metal pots are not at all good us baiiaeVs for the earth they allow the heat to puss back Into the air al most us readily as the earth Itself. There Is another method that Is employed to save the spendthrift from the sheriff. The pres ence of moisture In the air makes the radiation of heat difficult and helps greatly to conserve the heat which' the earth already holds. Also, If the temperature drops to freezing each drop of water gives up a bit of latent heat before congealing, and all these tiny contributions help to keep the surface air warmer. A breeze from ocean, lake, or river will usually bring this wet blanket, and It can sometimes be supplied In an artificial maonei by letting water Into Irrigation 'ditches. Results not so good may be had by building damp smudge fires In the or chard. Cranberry growers often save their crops by flooding the area with water. In the event of extreme cold it Is often possible to submerge en tire areas growing this crop. This gives absolute protection. Less prodigal than earth, water keeps its reserve heat for long periods of time. Fore Air to Be' Honest The third method of keeping the earth solvent Is by adding heat to the air layers near the sur face. This is done by means of many small fires of oil, coal, wood, or orchard refuse, and is a method well known in sections where fruit grow ing Is a specialty. It Is sometimes scorned as an attempt to "warm up all outdoors," but thnt Is not what happens, exactly. We know that, at night, the air above the earth is warmer than the air directly against It. Therefore, if the low er and colder strata could be lifted and mixed with the upper air, a higher and more equable temperature would result By kindling numerous small fires this may be done. The hot gases rushing upward from each blaze lift and toss layers until a warmer mixture Is applied to the earth. The hot gases serve to assist In warming the chilled atmosphere, but $e effect of direct radiation amounts to very little. This difference in heat quality Is very well Illus trated ln our homes. Di rect radlutlon Is the sort of heat given off by the wood-burning pnrlor stove when Its hot sides ore glowing on a cold winter night, while the hot gases giveu off by combustion pass up the chimney. This method of preventing frost is very efficient, and each year It saves much money for American fruit growers. Just how It Is best applied, how many fires are needed 4o the acre, and the form and style of burner giving the best results, are well discussed in the Weather Bureau Bulletin No. 10W Many a fruit grower has nursed an expensive orchard to the point of bearing only to see his well-deserved reward vanish In a single night. But more and more we are discovering thut. If we cannot defy certain natural laws, we may still nullify their results through a better understand ing of their principles. This Is what the up-to-date fruit grower does. He cannot eliminate frost, but he can use Its principles to protect him self from Its effects. Tips to Orcharditts. The weather bureau bulletin treats the frost prevention methods very thoroughly, and the pamphlet should be particularly useful to anyone who owns an orchard or who contemplates plant ing one. First of all, the experts point out, the orchard owner should determine whether his crop will pay the expense of protection; If It 'will not, then he had better move to a less erratic climate. Certain fruits will stand a lower temperature than others, and the experts furnish a temperature chart to show this. Here it Is: Temperatures Endured by Blossoms for 10 Min utes or Less. ' Closed " After but Show- Full Fruit Has Fruit lng Color Bloom Sot F. 'F. "F. Apples 25 28 ! Peaches 25 26 18 Cherries 25 28 SO Pears 25 28 SO Plum 2,1 28 30 Apricots 25 27 fO Prunes 28 29 30 Almond 2 27 30 ' Grapes 30 31 31 Charts which show lu a graphic way how the fires should be distributed through an orchard are reproduced. These have been prepared from studies made In successful orchards and are the result of the host methods In use In this country. Overhead costs are discussed, as well as the care of the frost-fighting appnratus. Records Should Be Kept Once an owner decides to fight Jack Frost for his profit it "Is most Important that he keep rec ords of the battles, so thut he may refer to them when the next skirmish threatens. The knowl edge that o ten-mile wind will prevent frost when the thermometer Is at 40 degrees F. at sunset may apply to only one fruit farm, but It will save that owner the expense of lighting his fires If he does know It. Records, If he keeps them, will tell him this. Several bits of home-made apparatus will save the frost fighter good sound dollars, and the pamphlet tells how these may be made and used. The effect of soot from the oil flames upon the fruit blossoms Is made clear to the reader in an account of experiments conducted to determine this problem. As a matter of fact, soot does not hinder the pollination of fruit blossoms, nor does it injure them in any way. , From first to last, the United States Depart ment of Agriculture Farmers' Bulletin No. 1096 Is filled with valuable Information for anyone who is attempting to grow fruits or vegetables in frost-visited areas. It Is an invaluable niafiuul 'for any person who may be appointed as tem porary receiver to stand between a shivering, bankrupt world and Its ungrateful creditors. As stnted before, this mundane sphere, In spite of a hundred thousand, years of cold toes and chilly nights, has never learned to save in the sunshine of plenty against the night of want. And It never will. Chty ! i George Was Noted for Hi. p ionVfelt' Amon0 Companion ttiV ' H!LYouth jlisseSVtlred Carnarvonshire village erome W" r. John Thomas, also Vf his bardie name of Myrddln - i, telling In a Welsh newspa- interesting reminiscences of jean of Premier Lloyd George, when the latter occupied a stool in a country lawyer's office. One suggests, say the Manchester Guard ian In quoting the story, that Mr. Lloyd George'a pugnacity In politics Is a development of a natural love for a fight. In his youthful days he was' tot tfnwllllng to push an argu ment to a physical struggle. Myrddln Fardd relates that one morning young - J ,-"-' - ' - George'a employer was 'astounded; to hear sounds of strife In the office, and on Investigating he found the young ster fighting with the two other clerks and holding his own. v Myrddln Fardd also relates how he provided thepremler with his break fast on his wedding morning. "Early one nornlng," he says, "Richard Lloyd and his nephew David called on me and asked If I could give them some thing to eat, as David was on his way to Pencaenewydd chapel to be married to Maggie, Myndd Edpyfed. I lived In lodgings "at the time, but said I would glndly give them their break fa,tjlf I could get my landlady, old Shan Roberts, to prepare it She did. arid after breakfast I " accompanied them toward Pertcaenewydd. Near Groeslon, Llnnnrmon, we were over taken by a big old four-wheeled coach carrybig the bride end her friends Richard Lloyd and David Joined them and I trudged back to my work." (Cop; for This Department Supplied by the Amerlcin Lei-Ion Newe Service.) POOR LEAD TO OBTAIN SPLIT Attempt o Arouse Indignation Over "Horror on th Rhine" Prove Dismal Failure. "The Germanophlle attempt to arouse American indignation ovty 'thfl horror on the Rhine' and thereby to lead to a split, splrltuul rather than diplomatic, between America and her recent allies 1ms fulled of Its purpose In precisely the same way that Ger man propaganda In tills country failed In every one of the years between !!14 and 1018," suys an edltorlul In the American Legion Weekly. "The truth Is merely that the Ger mans do not know how to go about It. 'Kultur' obviously does not Include any knowledge of the line urt of get ting someethltig over, a fuct amply at tested by the reflex action which has accompanied the present attempt. The Von Much style of persuasiveness Is no more subtle than the efforts of u St. Bernard puppy to stand up on a hardwood floor. It Is fluttering the Von Mach type of 'boring from within' to call Its Insidious. Insidious it is, however, In Its Intent If not In its application. "Dr. fon Much has proved himself a poor servant of his country, wheth er he regards his country as America or Germany. He Is n poor American for having tried to win America over to the point of view of the unrepen tant nation to defeat whose govern ment lOO.OOl) Americans anve their lives, for attemplng fo resurrect a hyphen that was theoretically burled Just three years ago. He Is a poor dermnn heratisf his clumsiness has served only to arouse America to the fact that she Is still at war with Germany." POST WINS ON GOLDEN CALF Two-Headed Animal Aids in Raising Organization' Fund From $100 to $1,500. The Golden Calf of the Twentieth century has been discovered by the American Legion post at Fredericks burg, Va which owes tin Increase In Its working cnpltal from $100 to $1,500 to a two:headed Juvenile cow, In full title to which the post Invested Its scant $100 last full. Having Induced a Westmoreland county furmer to part with the freak animal for this sum, n special levy of various small amounts was made upon the treasury to buy nourishment for the calf. Then came the Virginia state fair In Richmond and the calf was in full bloom, eating both his heads off and waxing fut withal. The Fredericksburg post put him on exhibit, charging a suitable fee. When the fair was over and the dust had settled, the post treasury con tained $1,500 the accrued earnings of ; King George'a life insurance poll clet total something like $10,000,000. i rv- IK, 1 k t - A Two-Headed Calf That Put vft-ginla J Post on Road to Wealth. the calf and nil this for doing noth ing but standing still and being In spected. It was recently that the representa tive of a large circus made his offer of $150' for the animal and It was ac cepted. There Is a rumor that the excitement of travel awl late hours have affected the calf's health and that he Is a poor Insurance risk. However, as the old Romans had It, caveat emptor. The post plans to reinvest the $1,500 as soon as some other such good se curity as the calf Is found. Legion Men Among the Miners. . The activity of the American Legion In the mining districts of southeast Kansas Is another pertinent proof that the mlunderstandlng between labor bodies and the ex-service men's organization has been dissipated. At Scammon, Kan., the climax of the eight-hour day celebtotlon of the miners In District 14, was reached in a ball at the Legion hall, under (he ausplcles of Francis Ellison Post. Another Instance Is the almost unpre cedented growth of Clarence Smith Tost No. 272 at Weir. From a member ship of 21 ex-service men In 1020. a total of 112 has been enrolled In 1021 thus far. , . , Draw Line on Politics, A warning to American Legion post officers against using the Influence of the Legion to obtain postmastershlps and other political appointments has been made by H. B. Fell, Commander of the Oklnhoma Department of the ex-service men' organization. The Legion commander declnred thnt there Is no attempt to curtail the efforts of Legionnaires as Individuals, but that activities tending to Involve the Legion o politics are contrary to the con--Motion of 'that organization. Ex-Servlce Men Promptly Halt Ex ploitations of Pro-German Troublemakers, In response to the warning Issued by their national commander, F. W, Galbralth, Jr American Legion mem bers In many parts of the country have been active In fighting against efforts of prp-Gerinuns and other hyphenated persons to drive a wedge between America and her allies In tlx World war. . Twenty-five thnusund patriotic citi zens of New York attended the "All American Meeting for ftod and Coun try," which was held In Madlsou Square Garden under the ausp!e8 of the Legion, us a protest against s pre vious pro-German meMlng, said to he for the purpose of creating sentiment against the alleged "Horrors on tbe Rhine." - When word was received In Phila delphia thut Dr. Edmund von Mach, notorious German propagandist, was planning to hold a meeting In that city, Legion members and other pa triotic citizens opposed the proposi tion and succeeded In blocking the scheme. Similar action was taken by the Irglon unci various societies In Indian apolis. Among the organizations co operating with the Legion was 1he na tional executive committee t'f the American Gymnastic union, composed of a large membership of citizens of German extraction, which, insisted upon unhyphenated citizenship and scored Von Mach and George Sylves ter Vlereck. On the same day the In dianapolis board df public works an nounced it would not permit the use of its large convention bull for the proposed Von Much meeting. Leornlni! that Louisville was on the proposed Itinerary of Doctor Von Mach, the Kentucky department or the Legion instructed posts to use "every lawful means practicable to stop the threatened Invasion of Brtohc propagandists." The Kentucky Legion's bulletin also warned against the ac tivities of Vlereck. Legion posts have also opposed the hyphenates In Chicago. Cleveland, Omaha, Cincinnati and Milwaukee. THREE VOICES AT ONE TIME Minneapolis Legion Man Can Sinjj Tenor, Bas and Baritone Part Simultaneously. Wonder voices have been heralded the world over, at least since the In ception of the press ngent. But It was left for Joe Kaufman, n for mer army ser geant and an American Legion member in Min neapolis, Minn., to sing the first male trio siniultuneous ly, carrying the parts alone with the same liar mony and control of three singers. Kaufman Is a government music stu dent. The secret of Kaufman's unusual accomplishment has baffled voice ex perts as well as himself. Several years ago he discovered his ability to produce overtones which gave the sound of more than one pnrt. He en tered the MncPhall school at Minne apolis as a government student and, as his voice strengthened and became clearer, be developed tbe curious trio. The only case remotely similar to that of Kaufman, according to his In structor In the government school, Is thnt of a woman singer In whose voice could he distinguished one separate overtone, over which she had practi cally no control. The former soldier In some way has separated and con trolled tenor, bass and baritone parts simultaneously. LEGION MAN BUSY WITH B'S Buckeye Boy Bends, Bows and Bor row Bad and Beautiful Bonus Boosting Babble. "Apt nlllteratlon's artful aid" was not neglected when an Akron (O.) member of tba American Legion spun the following bonus yarn : "Burt began to bitterly berate the 'bull' about the bonus bill, bewnlllng tbe benighted bigotry of the belliger ent birds, badly blocking the bonus by bombastic blnsterlngs and brnble, and branding the busted bucks who bore tbe brunt of the battle as bad gers and booty-burglars of billions In bonds, believed by big, bald business brow-beaters to belong burled In banks. "Before our bewildered Burt board ed a boat to become a battle-scarred vet beyond the borders of our bright, beautiful, big country, he became a benedict; and, back from the battles, busted and barren of bullion, our be nighted boy hero became beautifully bored because big bibulous bunco men breathlessly built a bunch of back hand Ilea to bribe him by a bunk promise of a bonus. "But Burt Isn't badly brow-beaten by the bedraggled babble of a bonus. Elythe, buoyant and bubbling, biding his time, Burt, the benedict and bat tle buddy, and Beuluh, his bride, be lieve the bully and bumptious Idea that a beneficent bunch of birds will be brought to believe thnt big battles beat the Boche and busted bucks need bread; and before beaucoup belated years pass a bonus hill to bring tbe bacon back to our buddy, Burt Must All Be Legionnaire. Athletic teams and hands' using the name of the American Legion must be made up exclusively of Legionnaires, according to a rilling made by the executive committee of the Legion's Minnesota department Claim for Compensation, More than 25,000 new claims fo condensation and other government assistance to veterans were filed as a result of a service contest among Il linois American Legion posts under the auspice pi a Chicago newspaper. Fairy Tale dyAARY GRAHAM BOWER SIR HEARTY CORDIALITY. The huge creature, known as Sir Hearty Cordiality, was standing straight up now which he hadn't beca doing for a long time, and so the boy and girl adventurers knew that the Bight watchman had taken off a port And upon ' looking up above the head of the huge creature they saw thut there were some stars twinkling; and smiling down at them. "Everything must be made clear t the boy and the girl who are on the way to ,' House of Secrets." sabt the huge creature. The boy and the. girl were visiting him at. tbe Hospi tality Hotel. "Am I right, Master Thoughtfulness?" "You're right," he snld. "Hut do sit down," said tbe huge creature, "and so your necks woat break or feel us though they were breaking off, I'll call for the rnised chairs and the raised banquet table." Another gong sounded and the boy and the girl upon sitting down on tw chairs that were put by them, found that they were being raised up that they didn't have to strain their necks to look at the huge creature. All the other brownies and tlvtfr ream "Do Eat" choirs which had just appeared, aa4 the enormous banquet table In tbe center of nil, everything was ralsfel and the floor, too, so that their feet didn't dangle down. The huge creature spoke to Use night watchman again, and some more of the roof seemed to be remove quite easily. He evidently had a staff of able workmen. They had the ky now above them and they saw that they were sitting In one of the up stairs banquet hulls, for they bad left the things behind them which they had seen downstairs except their com panions, and the banquet table. "How about your feet?" asked the i. ...i. i i i.i. i a, ,- . in i. . nuu jiuu Buuutmy uiuugiu inv huge creature's feet and legs must be very much cramped. ' "Thank you, they're feeling all right" sold the huge creature. "Just seel" The boy and the girl looked under the table and they saw that there was? an opening through the floor left tor him, and that his long legs had all the room they wanted. "I have so much to explain," 814 the huge creature. "In the first place, boy and girl, do eat your soup, ton can listen as you do so." , They began to eat their soup which had grown from a little bit of soup la a very small cup to a good deal of soup In a sflup dish. . i "Delicious soup," said the girl, po litely. : "That's good," said the huge crea ture. "Now, to go on with roy atorj, the great banquet table which grew from trays, and the big quantity ot food Is Just a way troys and food anH banquets have of doing at the Hos pitality Hotel. Where creatures are . hospitable, where they love to enter tain their friends, It Is surprising how things will grow or we'll feel they grow. "We are given special power of mak ing things grow because we've bo here so long a time. But you'll notice, boy and girl, that tbe friends you have who are hospitable and Who stare what they hove with you, always swm to be bigger, and their homes rem bigger, and their food seems more than with the Inhospitable people. Of course when a friend of yours share a banana, we'll soy with yon, that doesn't mean that tbe banana grows Into two bananas, but doesn't that banana seem to grow Just because your friend wants to share It with yout "It's all the spirit of hospitality, ael that's what we care about here. Htm, I'm Sir Hearty Cordiality, and wheal guests come, I grow and I expand, and I grow bigger until I am a huge creature as I am now. I grow smsJs again when I'm resting, but that as as It should be. "You will wonder what became C all the small brownies who held i trays who grew, too? They ma alt. when you weren't looking, foryon wrue trying to see so many thing. yi missed some. They went to see that everything was going all, right ha the kitchen, for this was their night Car seeing to the work there. Everyone takes turns In the Hospitality Hotel, In looking after things. That' ' that no one works too hard and be comes urea ou,i, ior uiai winikuh do in the Hospitality Hotel 1" ' Th Upward Trend. ; Some people advise that we nope ft the best and prepare for the Wbrat fa this world, but In our class aw tar our backs upon such advice! Our ex perience bas been that with our data there Isn't going to be ny "warier Our trend la alway upward and hea ter I Girl's Companion. . Hard to Read. Teacher Johnny Jones, that U th third time you have looked at r' .- -k examination paper, " : " - p . i "Yossiim! ha (ionsn't wrlta v, ? 1