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ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C. Stories of Great Scouts By ELMO SCOTT WATSON 0 f ,00 $0 J Hi W W 7 i )MAN'S Nutlonul foun- txt iltitiiMi! That's me Wl I "iii"e f tl,e lutt'st or' T V 1 1 anlzt-d activity of the newly enfranchised sex. No; It Isn't a case of nllliiL' Onsii on l'ellon. At least its organizers ami promoters say It Isn't. They say It will not tread on the toes of the General Federation of Women's Clubs or of the National League of Women Voters or of the National Woman's party or of the Na tional Council of Women or any of the numerous other national organiza tions. It's going to be, according to Its offi cers, "the servant of all the entitles representing women." Tut u little dlt ferently, the foundation Is to he an organization whose sole purpose Is to lie the furtherance of all that is of Interest to women. And will the National YTomnn's foun dation have headquarter lu Washing ton? It will. In fact, It has already. This headquarters Is described as "the lovely old Iean place, an old mansion surrounded hy nearly ten acres of trees and lawns, a bountiful but deserted garden spot In the heart of Washing ton. They say the price to he paid Is a million dollars or so, and the first payment has been made, the women are In possession and the foundation Is ulready functioning In a tentative sort of way. i But this million dollars Is but n drop In the bucket and the bucket Is to be n twelve-quart affair and full to the brim. There are to be a club home, a guest house or woman's hotel, an audi torium, an opera house, a sylvan thea ter for pageants, etc., etc. How comes all this? Well, It's this way: The Idea originated with Mrs. C. C. Calhoun. And she says this uhout Its genesis: "It fkst suggested Itself to tne at the Democratic convention at San Francisco. I had gone out merely as u spectator, and with very little Inter est lu suffrage, I was reared lu Louis iana unil I confess to still nursing the old traditions of the South us to men doing the work and the big thlu und women confining their Influence ,j the home and community. "As the convention progressed, my eyes were opened. I was simply umazed at the speeches made by the women. They were by fur the most forceful and inspiring talks I heard. And when I suw how the men treated them every prejudice I had been bur boilng was overturned. " 'It looks as If women are going to make pretty good natlonul helpmates,' j thought I, 'but they'll make much bet ter If their activities are centralized nnd they have the right sort of leader ship. They'll need help to do this.' And all the way across the continent Tl plun was formulating In my mind, whereby I could aid, at least, the Southern women. ! "Later, when 1 was asked by the men representing the Southern Com mercial congress to become president general of their woman's auxiliary, It seemed to give Just the Impetus needed, for at once I saw In It an op portunity for organizing the women of the sixteen Southern states. "Why not establish for them a clear ing house at the national capital, matters of Interest nnd work as an organized utdt? With our efforts con centrated In one central place, we could ilo a million times the amount of work that detached clubs could do working separately. "The Idea, when suggested, proved such n popular one that I was ap proached by organizations of women in uie .Minn, requesting mat It lie r made a national movement, Instead of being confined to the South. "The foundation will be u clearing house for the nation's housekeepers. Governed as a democracy, It will have no purpose of Its own except to fur ther all the purposes of forward-look ing women and women's organizations. "It will be divorced from factional Ism of any kind, ami furnish a neu tral meeting ground on which to work out woman's viewpoint on national and world questions affecting the com mon weal. "The foundation will be very careful to avoid duplication of specific work being done by other established agen cies. It will not Interfere, for Instance, with the work of the Ited Cross, but will try to Improve civic conditions In small towns by working for better schools, hospitals and general health and recreation facilities. "In homely language, women need a switching board lor the Interchange of ideas and dissemination of Informa tion on their Inllnltely various In terests. I "The most vital problem facing the I sex on the threshold of its new en- ' denvor Is how to take stock of Itself, j where representatives could come on how to find the full measure of Its re sources and marshal the strength of Its collective Intelligence." The building program of the founda tion Is elaborate. It begins with the erection of a ningtilflcent club home, beautiful as a temple, In which all women's organizations desiring head quarters In Washington will be Invited to reserve space. In conjunction with the club home. a guest house or woman's hotel will be built, so that members visiting In Washington may secure delightful ac commodations at moderate expense. An enormous auditorium Is planned, with wings holding committee rooms, offices for club members, lecture rooms and ball rooms. An opera house will be built and leased to American opera companies. There will be a sylvan theater for pageants and every modern facility for Indoor and outdoor entertainment and health exercise. Plans nre also completed for the erection of a stately hall, to be known as the Hall of Remembrance. In this hall will be fifty columns, which will be engraved with the names of the women contributing most of the his tory of their respective state or ter- ritory. These women will be choseu I'i' a special commission for each state, appointed by the governor, und final Judgment on the names selected passed on by a national body of four or live distinguished educators and historians. The Hags of nil states will he hung In this hall, which will he placed In a Temple of Triumph. On the dome of the temple will be a figure of Woman Triumphant, holding aloft In one hand the torch of life and, in the other, the scroll of knowledge. The program of the foundation Includes: 1- urtlioninoe of the education of women in their civil rights and duties as citizens by giving und receiving In struction In history, civics nnd nil other branches helpful to good citizen ship. The maintenance of a national bu reau of club Information, which will be prepared at all times to furnish data concerning organized women's ac thlties of any type or locality. The Issuing of u bulletin of founda tion progress, of governmental action S). mi, Weitern Ntwipaptr Unlun.) "YELLOWSTONE" KELLY AND HIS RIFLE. "OLD SWEETNESS" It was the year l'Sli, The hostile Sioux hud surrounded Fort Stevenson, l'., and any white man who went out alone went to his death. When the mail was seat to Fort Hul'ord, 218 nines away, a full company of sol dicrs went along to guard It. One day, while the troops were out on scout, important dispatches came which had to be delivered at once, and there was no one who would dure ut tempt the hazardous Journey. A young man, named Luther 8. Kelly, learning of this, went to the commanding otllcer and offered to get them through alone. Kelly wus New Yorker who had come west seek lng adventure. Because of his youth the scouts around the fort had nick named hlui "The Kid," and now these men told him he would be scalped be fore he was a mile from the post. He laughed at tiiem. "I guess 'Old Sweetness' and I can take care of any Sioux who Jumps us!" he said. "Did Sweetness" was his pet name for his favorite rifle A few hours later Kelly walked Into tort lierthold, 1S miles from Steven son. The Mandan, (!ros Ventre and Arlkara Indians, camped about that post for protection against the Sioux, gathered about lu admiration of bis daring, for they lived In terror of the Dakota warriors. Kelly stopped at lierthold only long enough to eat and then pushed on to Buford, L(K) miles away. Four miles from Iterthobl he came to a timbered valley. When he reached fhe bottom, a bullet whizzed past bis ears. As the scout dropped behind a log, three Sioux warriors rushed him. "Old Sweetness" spoke three times and the warriors dropped In their tracks. Kelly returned to Fort lierthold nnd told of his adventure. The friendly Indians were wild with Joy, and after that they called Kelly "The Little Man With the Strong Heart." The scout started again for Fort Buford and delivered the dispatches without fun her adventure. He be came the regular mail carrier, but the Sioux were so frightened of his "strong medicine" that they never at tacked him again. Kelly remained in the Cnlted States service as n scout until 1SN3. He wns a lieutenant of volunteers In the Spanish-American war and In the Philippines the old Indian scout, us captain of the Filipino scouts, added further to his laurels of war before he retired as u fighting man. 1 Marshal Foch being decorated hy Ailrlenne .Mayer for the purchase or lied ('loss Christmas stamps. 2 President Harding greeting Crow Indians from Montana nud South Dakota. 3 View of Funchnl, Madeira! the place of exile of ex-Kmperor Karl and Ids wife. ' NEWS REVIEW OF CORRENTEVENTS Conference Agreeing on Naval Limitations but Apart on China Questions. BRIAND'S ELOQUENT SPEECH France's Need of Strong Army, Due to Fear of German Aggression, Convincingly Set Forth Tax Bill Becomes Law and( Congress Adjourns. and plans for civic betterment and of all news calculated to keep the women of today well Informed on these prob lems. The fostering of social Intercourses through conventions, forums,- the drama, chamber music niid edited films. The holding of a referendum on every Important question affecting the whole welfare of womanhood, In order to make known the consensus of wom en's opinions. Financial aid to movements for civ ic betterment. .A sinking fund will he created ami held as a permunent en dowment. The Interest from this fund will be available for use. Upon the selection of the ten-ncre million-dollar property twenty women, It Is stated, pledged sufficient money to bind the purchase. Among the women mentioned in connection with the foundation are Mrs. John Hays Hammond, Mrs. J. Horden Hurrlman, Mrs. Harriet Taylor I'pton. Mrs. (ieorge Harnett and Mrs. Maud Wood Park, aud many other distinguished persons. An advisory board of bankers und other business men has consented to weigh und report upon all matters of finance. , Invention in Dispute. Three nations are arguing for the honor of having Invented the science of distillation. China, India and Egypt alike clulm the credit It Is absolutely certain that distilled liquors were known In the year 2000 B. 0. In 300 B. C. the great Greek philoso pher and scientist Aristotle, made very particular mention of the man ufucture and effects of distilled bev erages. The Irish claim that St Patrick taught them the art of distill ing. However this moy be, It Is fact that during the first English In vasion of Ireland In 1170, any number of stills were found, which, however, did not surprise the Invaders, because as early as the Sixth century a Welsh troubadour by the name of Tulleslo bad penned a lay on strong drink. Jewish Nsw Year's4 Day. New Year's day, as observed by the synagogue, Is not a day of rejoic ing, merely such as Is In vogue at the beginning of the secular year. It Is a day of mjmorlul, or a "Duy of Re tneuibrance," on which the Jew Is re minded of his duty and responsibility as a citizen. Tradition places the New Year celebration on the first day of the seventh month rather than the first month of the Jewish calendar. The reason, It Is said. Is that this day the world was created, while on the first day of the first month, the Jews were liberated from Egyptian bondage and, henceforth, begnn to count their months from that dote. Exchange. Edlters In Class by Themselves. ' The doctor can bury his mistakes, the dentist can plug his up with gold and charge It to the patient, and the lawyer gets a chance to try his case over when tie finds an error, but with Us It Is different When we make a mistake we have to climb the barbed wire fence and get over on the other Bide to make things right with our customers we can't ask him to do it The little extra care and attention necessary to do things right art there fore very Important. Selected. "Venice of the East." Bangkok has been called the "Venice of the East." The Menam river Is the great trading street of the city. Floating houses do a "cash-and-carry" business through windows opening to ward the channel, where pass the shoppers In almost every conceivable sort of craft These range from great steamships to the priests' boats pro pelled by novitiates, and from the I Immense rice boats to the canoes which carry the postmen. Then there are fhe rlyer golng cafeterias, serving residents of floating houses. These, too, are canoes, equipped with tiny stoves. Terhaps the most ' colorful river scene Is the water market, where each tiny boat with Its cargo ot food bears a little lamp. The 'market hours are from midnight until early morning. Aud during that period the market section of the river resem bles a fairyland with Its myriad glim mering lights. National Geographic Society Bulletin. Jl. SOUTH SEA ISLANDER WHO WAS CROOK'S FAVORITE SCOUT "I would rather lose a third of my army than to have Frank (iruard killed," once declared Gen. Frank Crook, nnd when this great Indian fighter set such a high value on the services of a scout It meant hat Frank Gruard was without a peer, (iruard wc.s bom lu Tahiti In Is'iil, the son of an American trader and a native woman. Ills father returned to this country when Frank was but two years old and at the age of fif teen Frank ran uwuy from home und went to Montana. Gruard became a mall carrier, n daiiL'erolis Job In a country full of hos tile Sioux. They captured him finally and were preparing to kill him when a young frave pleaded for his life. Calling their alteutbui to Frank's swarthy complexion he declared that the mall carrier must be an Indian who bad been captured by the whites, This Indian was the renowned Sit ting Pull. For lit months Gruard was guarded closely and, realizing the use lessness of attempting to escape, he learned the Sioux tongue and entered Into the Indian life as one of them He lived with the Indians iix years before he finally escaped. due duy Gruard wus scouting for nn officer who attempted to guide his command by use of the compass. They beeanie lost in n blinding snow storm Frank borrowed the officer's compass, smashed K against n rock, and then taking the lead, he guided the soldiers straight to the place they wished to go. Gruard's greatest exploit was his part In the "Sibley Scout" In 1870. Lieut. S, V, Sibley was sent out on a scout to find the Indians. He found them, and In a short time his little command was surrounded by bun dreds of Sioux and Cheyennes, After a desperute tight In which the Chey enne cnier, mte Antelope, was killed, the soldiers were forced to abandon their horses nnd attempt es cape on foot. Gruard's knowledge of the country was nil that saved them. He led them over unknown mountain trails', winding through the deep canyons and around high peaks, until the Indians were outdistanced. The next day he guided them to a high point on a mountnln side and pointed down. Be low them lay Crook's enmp. Frank Gruard was given a life-time position as a government scout and he performed valuable services In the lost uprising of the Sioux, the Ghost Dance war of 1800-01. In 18CM Frank saw his father for the first time since he had run away from home. Gruard died In St. Joseph Mo In 1013. Remembered Goldfish In Will. There have been any number of In stances where money has been left to animals, and In some cases these wills have been upheld by the courts. Much attention was attracted to the will of a woman who left 70 a year for the maintenance of three goldfish. ' That there might be no misunderstanding she described them as follows: "One Is bigger than the other two, and these latter are to be easily recog nized, as one Is fat arid the other lean." She also' made provision (or flowers for the (old fishes' graves. By EDWARD W. PICKARD CONCoKli nnd discord both were apparent In the armament confer- nee last week. It appeared the Ilimhes plan for naval holiday and limitation would soon be accepted formally almost exactly us he pro posed It. Great Itritnln Indorsed the "."-.-.'!" ratio without reservation nnd made If known that she desired only to suggest some modification of the submarine and replacement features of the plan as a whole. The Jap anese, though still arguing that they should have 70 per cent of the naval strength of Croat I'.rltaln ami the I'lilted States, evidently were pre pared to yield wifh the expectation of some concessions In their favor relative to China. But the British, at home, already are growing Impatient As soon as the Hughes plan was given out the admiralty stopped work on battleships under construction. Thurs day It announced that unless a de clslon relative to naval limitation were reached by the conference with In two weeks, work on the battleships would be resumed before Christmas, The admiralty may have been inllu creed In this by the fact that our (murreys adjourned without ordering cessation of work on our new ships. As for the discord, which unfortu nately exists, It arises over two sub jectsland armament limitation and China. Concerning the reduction of armies the ill feeling Is between France ami F.iiglnnd nnd Is being edulouslv fostered by certain British correspondents now In Washington, notably II. G. Wells, who brazenly nil mils that he Is doing bis "own small best to exacerbate It." his avowed reason being that "a brisk quarrel and some plain speaking may clear the air for a better understanding It was nn ample reply to the nntl French propaganda of Wells et al am that It did not full of effect on his fellow conferees. Arthur Balfour was the first to respond, and Secre tary Hughes followed him. Both as sured Brlund that their countries ap preciated the position of France and virtually pledged the support for which he hud pleaded, though of course both were careful not to prom ise an equivalent In International law fur the Anglo-Friinco-Amerlcnii de fensive treaty which Lloyd George, Cleiiienceau and Wilson signed, but which never wns even submitted to the American senate. Mr. Hughes ar ranged that the question of land nrma- inent should be further considered hy a committee, but file Impression was general that It would be liermitted to die, at least so far as limitation is concerned ; and this Impression was strengthened by the departure of M. Brtand and the French military sec tion for home, the premier being se cure in the belief that his country would not now he asked to reduce Its army further than Its present plans contemplate, due other cause of de bate lie bail Interjected Into his argu ment. This was the claim of France to keep an ample number of subma rines for the defense of her long sea- coast. "For what can France wish submarines except to nttnek Kng- mmw cried the propagandists at once. To which the only udequate reply Is laughter. P ltF.MlF.lt BKIAXn. In n wonder ful address, told the conference and the world Just why France dare not now reduce her land force too far, Without hesitation he set forth frank ly his country's fears of Germany, first, nnd of ltusshi, more remotely. With facts nnd figures he made plain the possibility that Germany might again and almost within a day be come n powerful nnd dangerous mili tary nation, and that a considerable portion of the German people look for ward to lids he showed by quotations from I.udendorff, who still has n large following. Brland did not fall to give generous prnlse to Wlrth's government and admitted there were many people In Germany, especially anions the working classes, who want to work and want' no more war. The Ger ninny they represent, he said, France would do all In her power to help. But, he said, until there was a "moral disarming" as well as a phys ical In Germany, and unless Frnnce was assured of the continued support of the Pnlted States and Great Brit ain, Frnnce could not lay herself open to attack by Germany. "We have to know," he said, "that France Is not morally Isolated, that she still has with her the men of good will nnd the hearts of- nil people who have fought with her on the same battle field." As for the charge that Brlond and the French who follow him have a bidden design to Install In Europe S sort of middle supremacy, this, the premier said, "Is the most painful, heart-rending and cruel thing a Frenchman enii hear." It Is Impossible, much as one would like to do so, to quote more of M. Brland's eloquent speech. Suffice It to say that to an unprejudiced mind IT WAS foreseen that the Chinese problem would he the most trou blesome for the conference, for obvious reasons. At this writing It seems to have come to a question whether the Anglo-Japanese treaty will be abro gated, and If so, whether some sort of n tripartite agreement will be sub stituted for It. I'nless the former is done, probably the discussions will be fruitless; and unless the latter Is done, It Is likely Great Britain will not consent to the former. On Mon day the eight powers sitting In the committee on the Fur East adopted a program submitted hy Klihu Boot by which these points were made sure: There will be no Intervention hy foreign powers In the present polit ical struggle In China. The territorial and administrative Integrity of the Aslutlc republic Is us- sured. v Japan nnd nil the other nations agreed to refrain from n greedy, scram ble for commercial rights und privi leges there. The "open door" finds a new defini tion. Baron Kuto won a decided victory for Jiipnn when he persuaded the committee virtually to recognize that Manchuria, though an Integral part of China, Is so thoroughly In posses sion of the Japanese that the status quo should be maintained there. There Is divergence of views among the P.r'tbfi. French nnd Chinese as to how the Boot principles nre to be npplled to specific matters. At the close of the week the Chinese pro posals for lifting foreign restrictions on China's customs revenue were be ing considered by a subcommittee. One concession had been won by the Oriental republic permission to In crease Its tariff rate from f per cent to 124 per cent. So far ns Is now apparent, the Idea of restoring to China the various parts of her ter ritory now held by other powers has gone Into the discard. That question Is complicated by the fact that Rus sians have control of outer Mongolia and have set up a Mongolian soviet there. Moreover Tchltcherln, Russian minister of foreign affairs, says tbev Intend to stay there, nnd It Is beyond thought flint nny of the nations rep resented In the Washington confer- nee should undertake to oust them. V ,; become ' effective on that date, tax- I payers will not get the benefit of the cnunges mini tliey pay their taxes In the early part of Iirjn on Income of the calendar year 11122. The Individual taxpayer will get the benefit of Increased exemptions ap plying to dependents and to heads of families with moderate Incomes or their taxes puld in 11)22 on 1U21 In come. 1 The chief features of the new law are substitution of a 12 per cent flat corporation Income tax for the excess profits tax and the present normal tax of 10 per cent, retention of pres ent normal tuxes on Individual In comes, but n decrease In surtax rales, the new maximum being ,10 per cent Instend of 0T, repeal of n number of miscellaneous taxes, and Imposition of some new manufacturers' taxes. F MONT REILY, governor of Pop. to Itlcn, arrived in New York the other day, and almost Immediately afterward Senor Cordova-Havlla. resi dent commissioner from the Island in Washington, received cabled Instruc tions from San Juan to request Presi dent Harding to remove the governor from office for injudicious nnd Indis creet actions. Among the sneclflc charges against Kelly are: He publicly declared himself lender of the Insulnr Republican party nnd the "friend of the .Socialist party." Annulled the "moral power" of Judges by announcing they would bo removed If a decision was rendered "considered by the governor unjust." Pardoned criminals "to please So- clnllst leaders." and these crlmlnnls Immediately committed new crimes. "Directed or permitted" police to brenk up reception organized to greet Antonio Baroelo, president of the sen ute, and lender of the Unionist party, "later promoting the police otllcer who broke up the demonstration." Appointed three depnrtmenfjlhcnd 'opposed to the spirit of thc'or-'nulc net nnd to the laws of Porto KIcV on recommendation of "cornorations whose directors resldo outside Porto Rico." TII fhe final adoption of two measures of Importance the tnx .hill and the nntl-medlclnnl beer bill congress wound np the business of the special session and adjourned Wednesday afternoon. The senntors nnd representatives will have about ten days' vacation before the regular session meets. Ennctment of the tax bill Into law means the repeal of the transportation faxes nnd a consider able number of other miscellaneous taxes on Jnnunry 1, lftQZ While the renenl of the excess profits tax and the changes In corporation Income tax and Individual surtax- rates also DIPLOMATIC relations between the I'lilted States nnd fiermiinv ui resumed Inst week by exchange of ambassadorial culls In Paris and by the arrival In Washington of Bnron Edmund von Thermnnn as churgo d'affaires to prepare the embassy for the coming of an ambassador. He Is fitting up the building with furnish ings plain and Inexpensive enough to suit the most democratic, having brought most of them from Berlin. Any extravagance would be Incon sistent with the poverty pleas of tho German government, which Is now seeking foreign credits to enable It to pay the reparations nnd customs In stallments due the nllles early next year. The riots nnd strikes In Berlin, due to high prices of food nnd tho low vnlue of the mark, nre spreading to mmiy other parts of the country, nnd the government Is snld to be In fear of monarchist and communist upris ings. A general strike Is threatened unless those arrested In the riots are released. TN BELFAST, too, there has been serl- ous rioting, resulting In the death of n dozen or more persons nnd the loot ing of many stores. The clashes. Judging from the cabled reports, seem to have been Instigated by the Ornnge- men. Bombs were used freely and with deadly effect, and the military wns unable to stop the sniping of the Sinn Fein nnd Ulster factions. The- spenker of Dnll Elrennn, Eoln Mnc Nelll, accused the British government of organizing "the most horrlhte of all the kinds of war In Ireland a war ns fnnntlcal as the religious wars of the Seveneenth century." The Irish delegates met with the British cabinet members on Wednes day, but whnt progress they made was not made public. AND yet more rioting this time Inr Bombny. The arrival there of the prince of Wales was the signal for the outbreak nnd for four dnys there was a wild time In the Indian city. A score of persons were killed, hun dreds wounded and many fires starti ed. In the Mnluhnr district the Brit ish have been making some progress against the rebels; several hundred Mnpinhs were killed In two engagements. : FARM BUREAU MAKES GAINS Extremely Satisfactory Report Made to the Annual Convention by the Executive Secretary. Atlnnta, Gn. The American Farm Bureau federation gnned 227.878 mem bers during 1020, and now numbers 907570, J. W, Coverdnle of Chlcngo, executive secretary, reported to the federation's third annunl convention here. County fnrm bureau 'Included In the organization number 1,480. Re ceipts from January 1, to November 1 totnled $273,074.28 nnd expenditures $2.T0.I7.85, Coverdnle said. The Inrg est Items of expenditure were for ad ministration, $57,4t)A.04: In connection with legislation, $3.1,003.47, and organi zation. $l2,fl!)3.14. Special organiza tion was given every sinte with the exception of South Carolina, which to dnte hns shown no signs of farm bu reau activity, the executive secretary reported. t ,.. The federation plans to bring the farm Into the movies more extensive i, " . r ly next year. It purpose to produce at least 12 fenture Dims In addition) to a series of news reels and animated: cartoons. Distribution will be through, state farm bureau federations or di rect to theaters. The federation ha nlso completed arrangements to sup ply county fnrm bureaus with porta ble projectors at cost The report covered national co-oper ative marketing movements the fed eration set under way this year, and; reviewed lu minute detaN Its other activities, ?-'.