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ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C.
H LOSS DROPS 10 WO DULY VERY SHARP DECREASE IN FIRE LOSSES FOR FEBRUARY, AC CORDING TO REPORT. FIRE DEPARTMENT DESTROYED During Month 132 Fires Were Report ed, Reduction of 85 from Record of January, Raleigh. Compared with the previous mouth, the average daily Are losses In North Carolina (or February fell (rum $.15, 000 to $11,000, with an aggregate loss of f 354,885. according to the monthly review of Are losses Issued by the dtate department of Insurance. The average losses for the entire country . lnceased during the month by three ' million dollars. During the month, 132 Arcs were re ported to the department, a reduction of 85 from the record of January. Only ten Ares did damage in excess of $5,000, while 22 of the 217 fir as In January entailed losses In excess of that amount. Residences head the list of destroyed buildings with an even hald hundred. One lire depart ment was destroyed by Are. Sparks falling on roofs and defec tive flues remain the chief cause of Ares reported to the depurtnent, and carelessness of smokers retains sec ond place. Exploding oil stoves, over heated stoves, hot ashes, moving pic ture Alms, exploding lamps, electric Irons and children playing with matches are still included in the list. Wilson again acquired' leading posi tion In the amount of Are losses for the month with an aggregate of $127, 000 caused when a mechanical paint brush exploded and burned the Hack- ney Buggy factory. Principal losses are accredited to other cities as fol lows: Charlotte, $37,100; Klnston, $15,000; Monroe, $32,000; Concord, $5 000; White Oak. $20,000; Apex, $20, 000. Records of other towns and cities throughout the state follows, with the number of Ares reported and the total losses; Winston-Salem, 11 Ares, loss $875; Ttalelgh. 4, $211; Charlotte. 15, :, (120; Fnyettevllle, 4, $1,150; Ashevllle, 9, $2,184: Newbern, 9. $1,161; Wil mington, 7. $4,615; Durham. 3, $2,098; Rockingham. 2. $3,400; Wilson. 8, $128.8fi5; High Point, 3, $6,530; Greenshoro, 2, $992; Goldsboro, 4, $05; Hamlet, 3, $100; Klnston, 4, $15," ,; Henderson, 4. $3,550; Farm vllle. $190. Two each at Gastonla, $1 820; Monroe, $32,110; Elizabeth City. $1,425. One each at Albemarle, $650; Salisbury. $85: Carthage, $5; "'Lumberton, $2,700: Washington, $2, 350; Concord, $5,000; Greenville, $300; Rneford, $1,600; Oxford, $500. Means Million in Taxes. Interlocutory Injunctions sought In the federal courts by railroads doing business in North Carolina against the collection of state taxes were de nied In a unanimous opinion handed down by Judge Edmund Waddill. Jr., of the circuit court of appeals; Judge Henry O. Connor, of the Eastern North Carolina District and Judge James E. Royd of the Western North Carolina district. By denial of the Injunctions, If the opinion is affirmed by the Suprem Court of the United States, to which an appeal will be taken direct, the taxing units of the state will collect annually practically one million dol lars In ad valorem and franchise taxes that would not have been paid had the decision gone the other way. In addition, there is involved taxation upon the Incomes, of the railroads at the rate of three per cent upon th9 taxable net Income, which. Involves a large amount of money, the exac amount of of which Is not known. All of these taxes have been Axed for a period of three years, making the ag gregate amount Involved well up Into the millions. Orders Special Court. Oovernor Morrison has ordered special term of Vance county supe- ,or court to begin Monday, April 24 Governor Parole Two, Two parole and one commutation for prisoner serving term on the county road for violation of the pro hibition law were granted by Gover nor Morrison. The paroles went to James Roach, of Forsyth, serving 18 months, who 1 suffering from a se vere attack of rheumatism, and to Alex Berry, of Forsyth, a ix-month prisoner who had developed ' lung trouble. Upon recommendation of Judge B. F. Long,-the twelve-month sentence Imposed on Henry ' Charles waa commuted to $1,000 and cost. New Charter Issued. Charter for two new concern have been tsued. One went to the Brower Realty Company, of Winston-Salem, with an authorized capital stock of $25,000 and $300 ubcrihed by R. P. Ring. E. B. Brower and M. T. William eon. The other charter wa Issued for the A. Thorn Company of Greens boro, manufacture and sale of gar ments, authorized capital $30,000 and nnnnn subscribed by A. Thorn, of Greensboro, H. Orrdforb, of New York, Solon Jacob and Charle Kohan, of Raleigh. New Instructor. The War Department ha ent an other intructor to the tate to aid the IVantry organization. Sergeant Frank Remo wIV have headquarter In Raleigh, but will spend much of his ma out of the state with the differ ent organization. Major Gordon Smith, assistant Adju tant General and U. S. Dliburslng of Peer for North Carolina, ha returned f'"m New Orleans, where he attend ed the meeting o'. the National Guard soclatlon. Maj.ir Smith wa select ed vice president ef the association. Many Incomes Nut Yet Filed. Commissioner of Revenue A. D. Watts has slgnlAed his desire to grant extension of time to procrastinating income taxpayers as well as to relieve citizens 'of ponaltles who made their return after March 15 .but legal rea son In both Instances must be furnish ed the department. Scores of taxpayers have not yet Aled their income tax returns tor the calendar year ending December 31, 1921, while many others have sent in their returns after Murch 15, which was the Anal date for filing. It la to check up on these classes that Com missioner Watts Is addressing letters advising that under the law a penalty of Ave per cent, with Interest at the rate of one per cent per month must be levied In all Instances where the tax was paid after March 15. "The State Department of Rev enue,'1 Commissioner Watts laid, "will do as well by Its citizens as the Federal government In the mut ter of payment on Income taxes, but we would be glad to know Just why the returns are late or why they have not been Aled with the department." The commissioner points out that the law assesses the penalties, making It mandatory upon the revenue depart ment and that this course will be fol lowed except in cases where sickness, absence from home or other causes which could not have been anticipated have prevented the Aling of the re turns. The following letter has been sent to all citizens who have not compiled with the letter of the law In making their tax returns: "Your income tax return was re ceived after March 15. Under the law a penalty of Ave per cent, which In no case shall be less than one dollar, and Interest at one per cent pur month has accrued. "If you wore slclc, absent from home, or were unavoidably prevented from making your return within the time prescribed by law, please write me at once, setting forth the reason for your failure to make the return on or before March 15, and ask for an extension of time. This will be granted and the penalty canceled If your reason for failure to Ale In time Is a legnl one. "If you were not sick, absent or un avoldnbly prevented from taking the return In time, please send check for the amount of the penalty." Oovernor Morrison has denied the appeal for executive clemency In 20 cases whb'h have been laid before him during the last several weeks, Essay Contest on Relief Work. Cash prizes of $2,000, donated by Henry Morganthau, former American ambassador to Turkey, will be com peted for by Junior and senior high school students of North Carolina from now until June 15th, according to announcement by Col. George II Bellamy, state chairman of the Near East Relief. These prizes will be given for the best essay or oration on the eco nomic and International conditions which have to do with the present de plorable conditions of the peoples in the Near East who have for centuries been persecuted by the Turks in the name of Mohammedanism. Colonel Bellamy I state chairman for . the Near East Relief In North Caolina and Josephus Daniels Is honorary state chairman. The prizes will be given for essays from various states In the union and three will be given for the best essays submitted In the nation. A Arst prize of $500 In cash will be awarded the winner of the national contest follow ed by $200 for the second best and $100 for the third. In each state a prize of $15 will be given for the best essay or oration, $10 for the second and $5 for the third. According to the announcement by Colonel Bellamy the oration must have as its theme some phase of the present political, socinl educational or Industrial condition In the countries of the Near East, Including Turkey, Syria, Palestine, Georgia and Armenia and must contain not less than 1,500 nor more than 2,000 words. All students who desire to enter thl contest and to familiarize themselves with their subject may write Colonel Bellamy, 901 Citizens National Bank building, Raleigh, and the necessary literature will be forwarded. High school principals and teachers and county superintendents of schools are requested by Dr. E. C. Brooks, state chairman of the educational division, Near East Relief, to render every as sistance possible to student. Could Buy Farm With Food Money. If the money which North Carolina Is sending to other states each year for food and feed products Were kept at home, the 'accumulation would equal the value of all the farm land and farm buildings In the state In less than ten year. This striking statement appear In a leaflet embrac ing an analysis and summary of the agricultural situation In North Caro- lino, together with the suggested llve-at-home' movement. The rem edlet being advocated In the leaflet were prepared by John Paul Lucas. Depression Less Her. The Income tax return coming to the office of Gilliam Grissom, collector of Internal revenue, indicate that North Carolina has been hurt less than any other southern state by the business depression. At least this Is the Impression the collector ha from the reports he get from other states. About four million dollar have been collected from over 42,000 taxpayer. Most of the returns come from the smaller tax payers, for about a thous and of the larger taxpayers have ask ed for and been granted extensions. Pardon Application. Included In the list of case in which pardon or commutations were asked for was one from Will Moulden, McDowell county, who Is serving a 40- year sentence for robbery and second degree murder In the state's prison Other appeals were from prisoners now serving sentences for second de gree murder, violation of the prohi bition laws, larceny, assault, burglary and non-upport. The governor refused to lntnrferc' in 12 other esses which had beer appealed to him. , ft 3 9 jlfim f!v" S" ' .y it A Aw vZZr Trf jg, NT' 1. Launching ut Essex, Mass., of schooner l'urltun, American contender In the third International Fisher men's race next fall; America won the first and Cutmda the second. 'J. Republican bouse leaders who discussed with the President at the White House the bonus bill: (left to right) Monilcll, Fordney, Towner, Campbell, Long worth, Fens. 3. Viscount Peel, new British secretary of state for India, succeeding E. S. Montagu. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENTEVENTS Four-Power Pacific Treaty Is Ratified by Senate After Bitter Debate. HOUSE PASSES BONUS BILL President Order American Army Home From Rhine and Hughes Notifies Allies They Must Pay Expense Bill Mos lem Unrest By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN r"pHE four-power Paclllc treaty wus a. ratilled by the United States senate Friday, March 24. lty agreement made ten days lu advance the vote had been set for thut date. It came us the climax to a week of strenuous oratory. The bit terest debute wus precipitated Mon day when Senator lloruh (Republican of Idaho) read Into the record a steuo- gruphlc report of u stutemeitt 'attrib uted to Paul 1). Cruvath, "the repre sentative of the Morgans uud the Ryans," to the effect that the United States had entered Into a secret agree ment to co-operute with Great Britain against Japan in the Paclllc. Senators Lodge and Underwood, Republican and Democratic floor leaders und American delegates to the conference with Secre tary of State Hughes und Ellhu Root, denied the iilleged Cravatb statement. Senator Robinson of Arkansas, lead ing the Democratic opposition to the treaty, demanded a senatorial Investi gation und usked that Secretary Hughes and Mr. Root be called before the foreign relations committee. At this point Senator Lodge said : "This debute Is proceeding upon the theory that the four American dele gates were not only Ignorant and in competent but thut they were prepared to betray their country. It Is an Im plication against the honesty nnd pa triotism of the President. I believe thut they are as patriotic nnd as de sirous of protecting the Interests of their country as those who are slander ing them by implication und insinua tions. I will trust the people of the United Stales to stand by the Presi dent and the four delegates In this great conference." Later Mr. Cravat h emphatically de nied the statement attributed to him. Secretary Hughes wrote u letter In which he said: ' In my letter to Senator Under wood on March 11th, In relation to the four-power treaty, I said: " 'There are no secret notes or un derstandings.' "Permit me to express the hope that the American delegates will be saved further aspersions upon their veracity and honor." To the Man In the Street the as tonishing part of this Is the fact that anyone United States senator or any one else should expect to get across with charges, direct or Indirect, against either the honor, the efficiency, the veracity or the patriotism of the four American delegates. PASSAGE of the "four billion dol- lar" bonus bill was accomplished by the house Thursday, March 23, by a vote of 833 to 70, four voting present. A two-thirds majority was necessary to pass the bills under a suspension of the rules. The bonus bill waa pat through In accordance with a program announced the preceding Tuesday. Chairman Campbell of the rule committee sub mitted a resolution providing for sus pension of the rules. Chairman Ford ney of the ways and mean committee wa recognized by the speaker for the offering of a motion to suspend the rule and pass the bill. Four hours of debate followed, with time divided. Any forecast of the treatment of the bill by the senate Is largely guess work. Certain Republican senators have expressed opposition to the bill as reported to the house by the ways and means committee. It Is common report that any bill passed by the senate will contain a provision set ting forth the necessary taxation plan DIFFER AS TO CONSTITUTION Zionists and Arab In Violent Oltput Over Term of Document Draft ed for Country, Jerusalem, Palestine. Lord North clIITe, British newspaper publisher, ex pressed surprise on his visit here thnt It w-as deemed necessary to meet him and escort him through the street with armored cars. Voicing regret that he found Palestine so unhappy, tie asserted that the British public to pay the bonus, which Is omitted from the house hill. Some political prophets predict a deadlock between the two houses. Nobody pretends to be uhle to sny whether or not President Harding will veto the bill. President Harding, upon his return from u short vacation In Florida, was called upon Monday, March 2D, at the White House by a delegation from the house: Floor Leader Momlell (Wyom ing) and Representatives Fordney (Michigan), Towner (Iowa), Campbell (Kunsus), Lougwortb (Ohio) and Fesn (Ohio). They discussed bonus legisla tion for two hours, with this result, according to the olllclal communique: "The legislative situation relating to the bonus bill was fully presented to the President, with detailed ex planation of the provisions which re move the menace of excessive drafts on the treasury In the Immediate fu ture und avoid nny program of added taxation. The President went over the entire situation with an appraisal of commitments made. He advised the committee that the legislation Is a responsibility of congress, and In view of expressions previously made he did not think It essential to oiler any recommendations." The President's "expressions pre viously made" were recommendations of a sales tax to rovlde the revenui to pay the bonus or postponement r.f the passage of the measure until the funds were In hand. The delegation was divided as to whether the Presi dent wotdd or would not veto the hill If passed. Everybody was on hand when the house opened Monday und nobody seemed to know what Speaker (iillett Intended to do. Gurner (Democrat. Texas) asked that Momlell be given two minutes to tell the status of the bonus hill. Campbell called for the regular order. The speaker announced thut no one would be recognized that day to bring up the bill. Then there was a conference In the speakers ottlce. It got nowhere. The speaker held thnt he would not nssume the re sponsibility of letting the bill come up until he had the express command of the majority members. Democratic members of the ways nnd means com mittee made a minority report which called the bill nil the financial, eco nomic und political names on the calendar. Tuesday a defltdte program for the passage of the bill Thursday by the house under a suswnslnn of the rules wns announced by the Republi can lenders. PRES all RESIDENT HARDING has ordered American troops In Germany returned to the United States by July 1, the beginning of the 11)23 liscal year. This wus the American government's first answer to the refusal of the ullled repurutlon commission to pay Its bill for $241,000,000 for the expense of United States troops on the Rhine up to Muy 1, 1021, out of a billion gold marks recently paid over by Germany. The utiles argue this way: The allies are not bound by the Berlin treaty, Just as the United States Is not bound by the Versailles treaty. America's claim is based on the Berlin treaty. Therefore the allies are not bound to puy the American claim. Secretary of Stute Hughes has made the government's second answer. In effect he has served notice on the allies that they cannot dodge pay ment of the Rhine debt by attempting to bide behind a technicality which doesn't exist. Identical communica tions were placed Wednesduy, March 21, by American ambassadors before the governments of Great lirlialn, France, Italy, Jupan and Belgium. Secretary Hughes Insists that the right of the United States to be paid Is not only clearly equituble but free from any technical objection. He sets forth In detail this right, ad established Jointly under the term of the armis tice, the treaty of Versailles and the treaty of peace between the Utdted States and Germany.- He says the United States will welcome any sug gestion from the allies for reasonable adjustment And In the meantime will they please refrain from giving effect to any arrangements for the distribu tion of Germnn cash payments to the exclusion of the claim of the United States. Evidently the situation Is one which requires an able secretary of state. It apparently has ninny complications. In dehate In the senate Senator Lodge said that our claim had nothing to do with either treaty, thnt It was based "wns Imperfectly Informed regarding the feeling In Palestine," nnd he add ed that he hoped Palestinians would not move too quickly and make Palp tine "another Ireland." ( Publication of the newly proposed constitution for Palestine, which wns completed after long discussion be tween representatives of the British government and of Arabs and Jews if this country, while It caused wide spread rejoicing, also brought a ginid deal of dissent. It Is evident that the extremists on all side of the contro on an agreement made under the armistice and that evasion was a mete technicality. Senator Underwood agreed as to the technicality und then said this In effect: "Nevertheless, payment resls In the reparation commission. The supreme war council not to be confounded with the supreme council of the League of Nations was given churge of wind ing up the war. We had a representa tive on that supreme council until af ter the defeat of the Versailles treaty. That supreme council turned over to the reparation commission the ad ministration of the funds to be col lected from Germany to pay the troops on Ihi? Rhine. The commission is now handling these funds. The oidy way we can get our share is to sit lu at the reparation table." Clo.-e observers In Washington sny that the President's Informal Utter ances Indicate that he would look with favor upon the appointment by congress of an American representa tive on the allied reparation com mission. He will not propose it, but he thinks congress should realize Its necessity. LLOYD that he will attend the Genoa con ference. Mscount Peel has accepted the post of secretary of state for India, ufter Lord Derby had declined It. So it looks as If the British cabi net crisis growing out of the Indiscre tion and enforced resignation of E. S. Montagu Is over. Back of It, how ever, Is a condition of world-wide interest unrest und concerted action In the Moslem world of quarter of a billion fanatical religionists. What the Moslems consider the 111 treatment of Turkey since the World war hns hound them more closely together and quickened their activities. They ap pear to be In touch the world over nnd propaganda Is everywhere. The de mand of the Indian government for the restoration of Turkey Is convinc ing evidence of Moslem solidarity. The sultan of Turkey as caliph of Islam Is leader of ull Mohammedans. EUROPE Is confronted by the danger of a devastating plague of typhus, according to the health depart ment of the league of Nations. Ten million emigrants hearing typhus germs are hearing down on the west ern frontiers of Russia and no bar rier European nations can erect will stop this panic-stricken hordo of peasants Hoeing from famine and death. Already the Polish barrier has been broken down; fiOO.iMH) Russians have swarmed Into Eastern Gallcln. Everywhere the route of the hordes Is lined with unhuried corpses. In the famine districts they are dying so fast that little effort Is made to bury the dead. The league will at tempt to establish a sanitary cordon. Bayonets will be abandoned nnd an attempt made to cleanse and cure the millions. M AINU furnished the first test of elections. John E. Nelson, Republican, defeated Ernest Mclean, Democrat, In a special election In the Third dis trict. The Republican victory was In the face of "Democratic weather." The Democrats cut down the mujority. however, In a district which Is normal ly strongly Republican, basing their campaign largely on the bonus and treaty Issues. Query: What does the test of strength show? S TEFANSSON, the Arctic explorer, has planted the Aug of Great Bri tain on Wrungell Island and claimed It for the British government. Just the same, In 18S1 Capt. C. L. Hopper of the Corwln and Lieut. Robert M. Berry of the Rodger lunded on Wran gell Island, erected an American flag, took possession In the name of the United States by right of discovery and left a written record In a calm. The Island Is Important If It I Im portantbecause of strategic domi nance of northeastern Siberia. TIE United States Supreme court has held valid the New York rent law of 11120 curbing the rent hog. The court held that the social emer gency caused by a shortage of dwell ings warrants the use of police power by the state. Anyone desiring to study modern warfare should visit the trenches on the border between Ulster and South Ireland. versy here are not satisfied, but on the other hand there Is an apparent ma jority who regnrd the new draft as a compromise which should satisfy the aspirations of all concerned. These generally express the hope that the new constitution will be adopted and confirmed by the League of Nations. The dlssentlsts, Arabs and Jews alike, have organized themselves to obtain the modification of some of the terms In the draft. The Zionists ob ject to giving the Arabs a majority In the legislative council. cm, rim rates in n. c. Accurate List of Levies Supplied by Judge Poll Through the Courtesy of Colonel Watts. Raleigh. Judge Pell has prepared, through the courtesy of Tax Commis sioner Watts, the tax levies of the various counties of the state. The complete llBt is as follows: Counties $100 Valuation. Alamanee ..-$100 Alexander Alleghany Anson --- -o Ashe -i Avery - Beaufort l-u Bertie Hiaclen Brunswick ... - -JJ Buncombe . - Burke - Cabarrus -fj Cahlwell -W Camden lj'l Carteret -- Caswell 1-Jl Chatham - l-'f Cntuuha ... . -jjjj Cherokee . Chowan . - -"0 Cluv 1 Cl-velinitl -5S Columbus Craven - 92 Cumberland .7!t Currituck Dare Davidson 1-10 Davie .Hi' Duplin - .liS Durham - -0 Kdffeconibe - .02 Forsyth Franklin M Gaston - .99 Gates -Xi Graham - .77 linuivlUe 1.08 Greene l."2 Guilford .r7 Halifax 1.35 Harnett 70 Haywood .7T, Poll. 2.0j 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 00 2.00 2.00 2 39 2. 01) 2.00 .00 2.00 2.00 2.00 1.75 2.00 2.32 2.45 2.30 2.00 2.22 1.74 2.00 2.82 2.00 2.00 2.94 2.00 2.00 2.00 2,00 2.0(1 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.31 2.00 8.06 2.00 2.00 2.0(1 2.00 2.00 2.75 2.00 2.01 1.80 2.00 2.4(1 2.fiS 2.00 2.00 2. 00 2.00 2.00 2.0(1 2.00 2.00 2.00 2. 00 Henderson 1.21 Hertfrod .9ri .78 Hoke Hyde Iredell JnekHnn Johnston Jones la-e .711 .SO . .(" .S2 l.io .77 Denolr .r9 Lincoln 1.20 Macon 70 Madison 1.54 Martin 83V4 Me-kleriburfT .72 Mitchell ,S2 Montgomery . !' Moore ."7 Nash .92 New Hanover 1.20 Northampton l.OH (irxlow .SO Orange 90 Vamllco 1.25 T'aHiniotank .9H l'cnd-r .92 I'eniuimans 1.10 l'erson .90 Tilts .75 T'nlk .701,4 Itandnlph .85 Tilchmond 09 Ttobeson .... ... .70 ftoclrlnpham .97 KowHn .7(1 Rutherford .76 Kam!.un .90 Scct'and .48 Stanlv 1.03 Stokes .81 Surry 1.10 Swain . .75 Trnnsvlvanla 1.01 Tyrell 1.15 fnion l.ot Vance .9:1- V'uke - .12 Warren .112 Washiniftoh 1.0S Wntausa 1.00 H'avtie .or, Wl'kcs 1.31 VIImiii .06 Yadkin 1.00 Yancey 1.00 2.00 2.00 3.20 2.00 2.00 3 9", 2.91 2.00 2 00 2.00 2 00 2.00 1.95 2.00 2.00 2.00 2 on 2.70 1.41 2.00 2.00 2.50 2. no 2.00 2.12 3 07 ? oo 2.00 2.00 2 7 2.77 1.75 1.66 2.oib 2.00 2.00 The above are the rates for tuxfs which apply to the countiea as a whole and do not Include special township and district taxes for schools, roads and other purposes which apply to townships, dis tricts or other divisions of the counties. "Llve-at-Home" Movement Grows. Raleigh. Following the recent ap pointment by Governor Morrison of county campaign committees in the "Live-at-IIome" movement, reports are coming into the office of the Cen tral Committee at Raleigh indicating that counties in all sections of the state have been thoroughly aroused in the matter and are planning vigor ous campaigns. In many counties ac tive campaigns are already under way. Governor Morrison and Director B. W. Kllgore of the Agricultural Exten sion Service have both been In de mand as speakers as both appeared at a rousing meeting of farmers and business men in New Hern, and the governor has also spoken at Hamlet and Charlotte. John Paul Lucas, executive secre tary of the Central Campaign Commit tee, spoke at a get-together meeting nt Tarhoro and has tentath'3 engage ments, at Loulshurg and Gastonla- in the immediate future. Kvery fuir association In North Car olina is being called upon to co-operate In the "Llve-at-Home" move ment. Executive Secretary Lucas Is sending to each fair secretary a page article for their premium list and is also suggesting to them that a prize or prizes be offered to the family or families which most nearly approxi mates the Ideal of the "Llve-at-Home'' movement. He suggests that this prize should not necessarily be given to ihe family which spends the least money for food or feed stuffs grown elsewhere, but that It should be award ed to the family which secures from Its premises the best rounded, best balanced and most wholesome living. Such a move upon the part of the fair associations, In the opinion of Mr. Lucas, will not only aid In the furtherance of the "Llve-at-Home" campaign, but It will emphasize the Importance of the fair as a construc tive force In the agricultural develop ment of the state. "The Progressive" and other ag ricultural papers, more particularly "The Country Gentleman," are co-operating effectively in the "Llve-at-Home" campaign. Both of the papers mentioned have representatives at present working among the larger schools of the state and these repre sentatives are taking occasion to do missionary work not only for their papers, but for the 'Llve-at-Home" movement. Each of the papers them selves features gardening and the im portance of livestock upon the farm. Individuals from many sections have volunteered their assistance, and to all of these literature showing the situation Just a it is has been ent. ' Emphasis ha been placed from the first upon the Importance of constant and continuous work in every com munity by those people in the com munity who have Intelligence and the vision to see the Importance of the movement and the patriotism to im pel them to put forth some effort forJ their fellows, land-owners and ten ant alike. - OflQ AMERICAN (Copy for This Department th AmrlcHn l.-Kl,n Nw Supplied Service) WILL WRITE POST'S HISTORY Rupert Hughes, Author, Will Chrort. Icle Happenings to Members of Robert Stowe Gill Body. The history of one American Legion post will he written by no less a light than Rupert Hughes. With an eye to his versa tile pen, mem bers of the Rob ert Stowe Gill post of the Le gion In New York, have made the author their historian. The membership o f the post Is made up entirely of members of the Lamb's club writers and aelors for the most part. "Long In time and short In Impor tance" Is the way Mr. Hughes de scribes his military career. As a mat ter of fuet he was a fairly important soldier. He started as a private in the Seventh regiment In 181)7. Ten years luter he wns offered a lieuten ant colonelcy, which he did not uc eept. , He served on the Mexican bor der as a captain, and only deafness kept him from sendee abroad during the World wnr. During the raising of troops in New York he served as adjutant general, where his deafness was nn asset rather than a liability with the pacifists tooting their tin whistles, and then he became a cap tain In the Intelligence service, being ust as intelligent when deaf as when sharp of hearing. "I Joined the Legion," Mr. Hughes wrote, "because I believe In Its prin ciples and I believe It to be one of the most important organizations in the country." Mr. Hughes has recently :ome into public notice for his stuud agulnst censorship. HIGH ON LEGION HONOR RGLL Minnesota Newspaper Man Wrote V, 236 Personal Letters to "Home" Workers During World War. One of the world's most enthusias tic letter writers Is M. W. Grimes, edi tor of the Le Sueur (Minn.) News. For his re markable service us "self-appolnt-e d correspond ent" during the wnr, he stands high on the hon or roll of the Minnesota d e- purttnent of the American Legion. Le Sueur and vicinity sent ZIQ men and seven women to the colors. Editor Grimes sat down and wrote them 3,2.'l(l personal letters while they were away from home, un average of, one letter a month for each fighter or nurse. In addition he mailed a copy of the hometown paper to each of them every week. The letters were not the "DeHr-JIm-I-retmilti-yours-truly" vurlety; they contained the bits of "hoinu gossip" and local color for which the doughboys were willing to give their last cigarette. When the veterans returned, Editor Grimes assisted In the formation of a post of the American Legion and de voted nn entire edition of the News to reproducing the pictures of every Le Sueur hoy that had lost his life In the war. AN EYE ON NEXT CONGRESS Official Washington Is Speculating on How Many Ex-Service Men Will Be Returned. Official Washington Is wondering how many ex-service men are to be returned to congress at the election next fall. Speculation Is rife, with the- bonus controversy at full tilt. V Veterans of the World wnr already have formidable strength In the house, 31 seats being occupied by former sen-lee men, according to a canvass by the American Legion. The senate has two veterans Senator Newberry of Michigan, and Senator Elklns of West Virginia. Twenty-one states are rep resented by ex-servlee men In con gress, New York leading with four, Massachusetts and Tennessee being second with three each. Far-sighted persons have haznrded the opinion that when the vote are counted In November, it will be found that the number of ex-soldlers In the house has been materially Increased. Only Ex-Service Men Wanted. When Edward Hlnea, millionaire merchant of Chicago, wants help In his lumber yards, he sends to the Amer ican Legion. His employment officers have been instructed to hire only vet erans of the war In the yards. Hlnea Is the donor of a memorial hospital at Maywood, 111. ' Single Track. "When Is your daughter thinking of getting married J" . "Constantly." American Legion Weekly. ' . ' The Crank. Officer He's crazy, yer honor. I fonnd him down on the main street trying to crank a car. Judge Why that doesn't prove he'a crazy. , . , ,.: Officer But there was no car there, yer honor. American Legion Weekly. Among the Best Sellers. Blackstone Have you ever written anything for publication? Webster Only couple of love let ters to a , movie actress. American Legion Weekly. , ''' br I