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ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C.
;4 1 A, ' over. BRIEF NEWS NOTES WHAT HA8 OCCURRED DURING WEEK THROUGHOUT COUN TRY AND ABROAD EVENTS OFJMPORTAN&E Gathirtd Pram All Part Of Thi Glob And Told In Short Paragraph Foreign The British submarine H-42 has been lost with all hands In the Med iterranean, gays an Exchange Tele graph dispatch from Qibralter. She colleded with a destroyer during ma neuvers. The "open threat of revolution sig nified by the decision of the anti-free taters to hold the forbidden Irish re publican army convention, hns creat ed a precarious position," the London Times-1 aJdlspa J The c co-respondent here declares, In dispatch to his paper. elaborate arrangements for the capture or destruction of the anachron istic creature reported to have been seen in an Andean lake, have been made by the expedition which left re cently for Tatagonla under the aus pices of the Buenos Aires Zoological garden. Two members of the cabinet have resigned as the resul of differences In the ministry over the government's determination to eliminate three let ters from the Bulgarian alphabet, which was announced several weeks ago. United -States as well as central Europe must be on guard against the Introduction of cholera and typhus through Immigration of Russian refu gees, says a warning Issued by Dr. A. Schleslnger, of the German Red Cross. Hordes of thesis refugees are pouring into Germany over the PollBh, Letvlan and Esthonian borders, and many are seeking passports to Amer ica, where they have relatives and friends who are financing them for the journey. The conditions under which the rep- aratlons commission will grant Ger- i' ' many a partial moratorium were an il noum-ed. They Include perfect nuto yi nomy for the Relchsbank and new leg S! lslatlon to prevent evasion of Ger- "V" man capital, the legislation to be f ready for application upon a fixed rate. Dltpatches from Ireland reporting continued disorders on a wide scale along the Ulster border continued to pour into London, affording the house of lords opportunity for a vlgirous debate on the Irish bill In which the question of lawlessness and civil war were frequently Injected by both sides. f A Central News dispatch from Ven- Ice says that a tidal wave recently In undated the city, the water rising to a depth of more than 3 feet In some of the public squares. Washington An Investigation has been Instituted by the Interstate commerce commis sion, according to announcement Into the reasonableness of practically all rates on coal In the western portion of the United States. Release of all war prisoners serv li'g terms for expression of opinion and not for overt acts was urged in a petition recently presented the pres. : idcnt signed by fifty members of the house of representatives. The United States Public Health Service has just concluded a confer ence of physicians and health work ers called to Inquire Into ways and J. means by which public health teach- lngs can be better spread through the rV country. 'j v Striking an open switch near Al v lerat, Va , 60 miles south of Richmond, ) . the Seaboard Air Line's Mldsouth i - special was derailed recently, five sleepers leaving the track and 'urnlng The house, passed the $4,000,000,000 soldier bonus bill. Since no amend ments were permitted under the rule, the measure as passed was In the same form as reported from the house wa and means ' committee. Despondent because of 111 health Esther Davidson, 28-year-old office em ployee, penciled a will on a piece or scraicn paper ana jumped from a twenty-third story window of The Times building Broadway and Forty-s--vaecond sleet Radical reductions In the navy dis cussed by house appropriations com mittee members may result In naval abandonment of Atlantic waters and concentration of the fleet In the Pa cific some navy officials believe. Effic ient training or war of the reduced "v. establishment, It was explained by one officer would require such action. J A nation-wide campaign, which has been talked of for some time in Wash ington, has been Inaugurated to find "living" employment for the 700,000 idle war veterans. The movement is sponsored by the American Legion . The house gave Its approval to a provision of the army appropriation bill which would require the reduc tion by July of the regular army en listed strength to 115000 men. Members of the senate agricultural committee, after considering the-request of senate leaders that senators not absent themselves from sessions during consideration of the arms con ference treaties, decided to follow the previously reached plan to leave Washington for a visit In company with house member to the Muscle Shoals project in Alabama. Stocks of American cotton totaling 1,907,000 bales were consumed by Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy during the six months ending January SI, according to a cablegram just received by the department of agriculture from Its London represen tative. This is an increase of 60 per cent as compared with consumption of 1,275,810 bales during the preceding i six months, and an increase of more tlu han 100,000 bales as compared with nsumption of 1,789,302 bales during six months ending January 31, L Prohibition officials declare that plans are maturing for a ten thousand mile-wall about the United States to stop the flow of alien rum Into this country. Stocks of potatoes In the hands of farmers and dealers March 1 In the fifteen leading potato states are esti mated at 90,940,000 bushels by the de partment of agriculture. Of this quan tity 73,486,000 bushels were held by farmers and 17,460,000 bushels were held by local dealers. Of the hold ings in the hands of producers 30,935, 000 bushels are expected to move off the farm and 42,556,000 to be retained. All naval .vessels except combatant craft arriving at the Hampton Roads naval base from foreign ports will be searched for "suspicion packages,'1 un do orders issued by Rear Admiral Rod man, commandant of the fifth naval district, Business is gradually approaching normal, according to figures compiled by the department of commerce and while the favorable movement among the different industries has not "been evenly distributed the improvement of those industries which "constitute the backbone of American business,'' has been "very marked" over conditions of a few months ago. Frank Piano, Sr., who killed his son "to save his soul," was acquitted by a Jury at Chicago. The father testified that his son was hnnglng aro tul pool rooms with a gang of boys he feared would lead his boy Into trouble. Domestic The Meyer commission of New York City charges that New York City ex ceeded Its legal tax limit by twenty million dollars In 1921 and is still run ning Into debt at the rate of $100,000 a day. S. A. Keller, president of District 19, United Mine Workers (Tennessee), is sues an appeal for a congressional in vestigation of the threatened eviction of coal miners, their wives and chil dren of eastern Tennessee and south eastern Kentucky. He stutes that not withstanding the union had a signed agreement to run to March 31, 1922, the miners voluntarily, December, 1921, accepted a reduction of $2.50 per day In wages, and now the mine owners want to make a further reduction In wages. It Is stated In New York that hun dreds of railroads have Instituted In junction proceedings against the gov-' eminent by counsel In connection with the rate order promulgated by the In terstate commerce commission, effec tive March 1, which the petitioners as sert is arbitrary and outside the pow ers of the commission. Because four young women in his congregation giggled right out In meet ing, Rev. George Robertson, pastor of a negro church has hailed them Into police court on a charge of break ing up a church service. The magis trate continued the case until he could consult law and precedents on gig gling. Suspension of work by all union coal miners at midnight, March 31, was ordered by the United Mine workers of America, recently, the call being the first ever issued for both bitumi nous and anthracite workers to walk out simultaneously. Six hundred thou sand men will be affected. Watch in hand, Warden Westbrook of Chicago told prisoners threatening to mutiny he would give them just ten minutes to go to their cells. AH the mutineers soon disappeared, as the warden was backed up with a suffi cient number of armed guards. A government cutter will probably be sent out to the wrecked sailing ves sel, discovered recently bottom up near Isle Dernier, off the south coast of Louisiana. An electrical storm of severe Inten sity recently struck Jacksonville, Fla., but did no great dnmage. It is alleged that J. A. Pelt, a judge, 63 years old, has been kidnaped. He Is a justice of the peace. A worthless check for $275, drawn on the defunct Denver State bank and signed "O. What Luck," was accepted In Kansas City, Mo., March 3, In pay ment fo an automobile. N'arcotis drugs, Imported whiskey and automobiles values at almost $35, 000 were seized by Memphis police which resulted in a number of arrests on charges of violations of the liquor and narcotic laws. Twelve were hurt, some of them seriously, when a heavily laden De troit avenue trolley car crashed into the rear of a Cleveland and South western interurban car In the down town section of Cleveland, Ohio. Governor J. B. A. Robertson, of Oklahoma, submitted to arrest at Ok mulgee, Okla., on a charge of accept ing a bribe to permit operation of an insolvent bank. Convicted of stealing $31,000 worth of assets in bankruptcy proceedings, Jacob Harris and Joseph Welner, wholesale jewelers, were bound for At lanta penitentiary to serve sentences of a year and a day each. Williams Simmons and Homes John son, sawmill workers, were burned to death while asleep at Dlerks' Ark., when fire destroyed the Westbrook hotel. The lugger World, together with her crew of nine men and cargo of whisk ey, said to be worth $30,000, fell Into the hands of federal prohibition agents on Lake Ponchartraln, near .Mllneburg. -Miss Elsie Smith, 19, and Alphonse Beyer, 22, were found in the trying room of the Maple Silk company's plan, each with bullet wounds in the head, at Peterson, N. J. Workers in some of the mills affect ed by the strike were attacked by strike sympathizers In the Falrlawn district at Pawtucket, IL I. "General" Jacob S. (Yixey, of Mas- slllon, Ohio, who led "Coxuy's army" In the march on Washington in 1894, in the ihterest of economic legislation he sponsored, announced that he was planning to gather followers for an other drive on the capital. Gwendolyn Armour, 6-year-old daughter of Philip D. Armour III., died torn a form of septicemia after a week's Illness, during which the mil lions of the Armour family, the skill of a dozen nurses and the resources of entire city of Chicago proved unavailing. laoo aso JM OOAt . HEN, the world wus young and civiliza tion was In the leurn-lug-to-walk stage of Its development prim itive man realized need for something which would enuble him to finish the task arrested by darkness. Of that need artificial illumination was born. All through the nges they have come together, civilization and lighting. Every forward step In the progress of wilture has been marked by an ad vance In illumination. The wuy to our civilization of today lies purrullel to Hie way to better light. A stick from the tire was no doubt the llrst lighting unit, for when man In the eurllest ages made nocturnal excursions into the surrounding gloom and needed Illumination, he snatched up n piece of burning wood from the cainp-llre. Yet there Is plenty of evi dence that crude forms of oil-lumps came into use long before history was begun. Shells und hollow stones, even the skulls of animals, were filled with oil, extracted from olives, nuts or vegetables, and this Mil, burning with out a wick, furnished n feeble, tucker ing light uccoiupanled by an unpleas ant oilor. In the course of time some one thought of a wick, and the earliest form of this improvement in illumlnu tlon was a flouting wick of moss or fiber. In the Orkney islands the stormy petrel, with a wick In Its bill Is used as u candle today. The car cuss of un oil tlsh Is similarly used In Alaskn. Candles were preceded by splints, but both were used during the same period. Gas illumination wus the next step, appearing less than a cen tury before the electric lamp proved commercially successful. In the ruins of Kara, Babylonia, 3,K)6 B. C, wns found the eurllest stone lump of which there Is any record. This was merely a crude suueer-shuped affair, ubout four Inches In diameter, cut from alabaster. An Improvement over the stone lamp wus the pottery lamp, which could be more eusily shaped, and specimens of around 300 IJ. C, have been found. A form called the "Virgin's lamp," used In Bible times consisted of a small hollow vessel, with a aliening lu the top for the wick, which could be curried in the hand. Within the next half century, about 210 A. D., these pottery lamps had been greatly Improved in appear nnce, for by then they had begun to as sume regdlur forms, with handles und some attempt ut decoration. Two hundred years later bronze lamps made their appearance. A modifica tion of this true, known as the Flor entine lump, which could be suspended , by chains, followed a few hundred j years later. In the early part of the fifteenth century, about the time thut Columbus tt-ns dlsioverlim the Americas, the Venetian stand lamp was widely nu-il in the Mediterranean coun tries of Europe. Its graceful and nrtlstlc utility Is characteristic of Hie Kennlssunce during which it was In vogue. The Flemish oil lamp, 1,600 A. D., forms as shurp a contrast to the Vene tian lamp us does the Reformation ; period, of which the former wus a de-1 velopment, to the Renaissance period , of the latter. Lamps of this type may still be found In use umong the poorer classes of continental Europe. The candle Is really a form of oil lamp In which the oil or grease in solid form Is melted by the flame as it la used. It wns formerly mnde from animal fats, but Is now made of wax from berries and paraffin. Whale oil waa the chief I'lumlnutlng oil for mtny ,-eara. Benjamin Franklin dlscoveted that two wicks gave more than twice the light of one, and this led to tne Franklin double-burners. Cnmphene, a patent fluid used about 1850, wan a HATBANDS In the story of the plain little band that circles the crown of a man's hat lies an Interesting fnshlon of bygone dayt. During the Plantagenet period In England the head covering for men waa a hood, from which wus sus pended the dlrlplpe or long tippet. Picture our men walking down Broad way or Main street with sashes on their hats I In the reign of Henry VIII the hat superseded the hood CREDIT ACCORDED LUTHER One atory ascribe the Art Christ mas tree to Murtln Luther, who con ceived the rather pretty Idea that the dark branches of the young spruce, gayly illuminated with colored cundlei and hung with Its bright ornaments and gifts, would suggest to the chil dren the dome of heaven with Itr In numerable stars, ana, perhaps, thoujhta Of praise and gratitude to Him who Is the Giver of all jooi things around them. XVf ;,m ,,n" c,vllla- f 7 A ; ; VV I tlon was In the learn- JL-Jfl ,f JOO S.C Y T 1 1 Ing-to-walk stage of , .Mf Cfcff l $m'' iifcx eooA..ix .. r - - " mixture of turpentine and alcohol. It gave a much brighter light than whale oil, but was dangerous on uccount or Its explosive nuture, and consequently wus never very popular. Kerosene was first nrocurable In commercial quantities about the time of the Civil war. and the ordinary ker osene lamp Is still the chief Illumlnant in territories where electricity und gas ure not as yet available. In 187!) came the "Incandescent" electric lamp Invented by Thomas A. Edison. In the autumn of 1877 Edison announced his Intention Immediately to devote himself to the problem of producing a commercially pructicuble electric lamp. Ills triumph came on October 21, 1871). On that date, after persistent labor, Edison succeeded in carbonizing a piece of cotton sewing thread bent into a loop of horse-shoe shape. This he sealed In a glass bulb which had been exhausted until a very high vac uum was produced. For forty hours after the circuit wus closed, the bright ly Incandescent filament remained in tact. Not being satisfied with this form of filament Edison began to carbonl.e everything in nature that he could think of. He wanted n material that, when carbonized, would be uniform and homogeneous. As ho looked NEW MEMORIAL TO GRANT v! kxiim APRIL 27, 1822, Ulysses Simpson urant was norn in I'omt I'lensnnt, Cler mont county, Ohio. The one hundredth anniversary of his birth will be observed In Washington by the unveiling of a stntue In the botanical gardens. There will be elaborate ceremonies. Vice President Coolldge will be the prln clpul speaker. The photograph shows the Grant stutue, with the cupltol dome In the background. . The completed memorial Is the result of twenty years effort by the de signer and sculptor, Henry Merwln Shrady of New York, whose father. Dr. George F. Shra.ly attended Presldit Grant up to the time of his death. The work U pyramidal In ouil.ne, with all the minor figures and groyps sweeping up to the central chiirartv-r. General Grant silting astride his hose In the center o the memorial. At the opposite ends are two groups, on a cuvulry detull going Into action, and the oilier a field buttery going Into action. Euch group fucts the central flgur and the long tippet took the form of the hat band. This wns wider than thoge now In vogue and was gradually narrowed down. In fact, the bands which men now wear on their hats when Uiey are In mourning are Identi cal with the very first hatband. Giant's Causeway. The most Interesting wouder In the world Is Glanfa Causeway, which stretches for four miles along the coast of County Antrim in Irelund. It Is a collection of huge rocks which go LAZZARON! OF NAPLES The lnzznroni were a class of Vaga bonds in Naples, Italy, which fohned a distinct caste In the Seventeenth and Eighteenth cAturles. They I an nually elected a chief, cnlled CUipo Lazzaro, who was recognized by jtbe authorities and frequently took an ac tive part In political affairs. In 1KI7, headed by Masanlello, they overthrew the government and held possess! fl1 of the city for a few days. In 1708,lrtstl- Z87V around his laboratory one day, he saw an ordinary palm leaf fun upon a ta ble. After a study of the texture of the binding, he asked one of his as sistants to carbonize filaments mixle from the rim. lie was so Impressed with the result of this experiment that he sent men all over the world to se cure specimens of bamboo. A certain variety of Japanese bamboo was final ly adopted, and for nearly nine years all Edison lamps had bamboo Bin incuts. In 1!M)7, the pressed tungsten lamp was placed on the market, but scien tists did not stop here; the goal wns ductile tungsten. Tungsten Is not a rare metal, hut It was not largely used owing to the fact that no method had been discovered by which Its natural hard and brittle state could be changed. Tungsten Is now produced In a ductile form and can be drawn Into n wire which has a tensile strength varying from 400,000 to 500,000 pounds a square Inch. In 1911, the wlre-drnwn lamp with which we are all familiar made Its appearance. Tills lamp, which gives three times ns much light us the car bon lamp, contains u filament of drawn tungsten wire within a bulb of clear glass from which the air has been ex hausted. In 1014 the gus-fllled lump was produced. down into the sea, and many reach I height of 30 feet. Legend says thtl the stones were put In such a neatly arrnnged position by an Irish giant In order to Induce his enemy the Scots gfiiit to come over and fight him. An other belief Is that giants hurled these huge stones at one another. The Idea that the causeway really did once ex tend to Scotlnnd Is strengthened by the fact that In Flngul's cave, In the Island of Staffu, off the Scottish coast, stones exactly similar In appeamuce and arrangement are found. gated by Cardinal Ruffo and led by Michele Sforza. they successfully re sisted the attacks of the French. The lnzznroni had no homes nor regular occupations. They wore ragged clothes, were filthy In their habits and slept In the open air. They got their name either from Lazarus, the beggar, or more probably from the hospital of St. Lazarus, which served as a place of refuge for the destitute of the city. Some authorities say the word Is de rived from the Itullun lazaro (lepei or pauper). . . - . urn. Why Congressional WE MUST TTL HAVE THE PUBLICITY WASHINGTON. There Is Just enough justice In the complaints heard In Congress from time to time of the failure of the American press adequately to report Its proceedings to Justify them us a mutter of ab stract truth. That the newspapers do not tell what is going on In congress Is a statement which cannot be sus tained; that the newspapers do not tell all that occurs at the enpltol day by day Is n self-evident fact. Suit stuntlally n cross-section of the proc esses of legislation in the making Is presented to the country with every rising sun, and there are fundamental Supreme Court Upholds Woman Suffrage CONSTITUTIONALITY of the wom an's suffrage, or nineteenth, amendment wns sustained by the Supreme court In a unanimous decision rendered by Justice Brandeis. The challenge came from the state of Maryland, where Oscar Lester and others sought to prevent the regis tration of two women ns qualified voters in Baltimore. Lester und his associates contended that the consti tution of Maryland limited suffrage to men, that the legislature of Mary land had refused to ratify the worn un's suffrage ' amendment and that the amendment had not become a part of the finlernl constitution. The Maryland state courts sustained the amendment. The contention that nn nniendment to the federal constitution relating to additions to the electorate can not be made without the consent of the state, the court disposed of by reference to the fifteenth or equal suffrage amendment, declaring that "one cannot hi valid nnd the other Invalid." It pointed nut that the va lidity of the fifteenth amendment had been recognized for half n century. The suggestion that several of the .10 states which ratified the nineteenth Economy May Strike Remount Service cCy .jCS'W FEARS that "attempts to curtail ap propriations for the remount ser vice" may be made In congress are expressed In communications received by the War department from horse breeders. Work formerly done by the Iiepartnient of Agriculture in connec tion with Improvement of the farm horses Is now handled by the remount service, nnd the fanners' representa tives have filed protests with mem bers of congress against any slash of the military budget which would In terfere with this activity. The remount service has 200 stal lions valued at more than $:OO,0O0, and hns mapped out n program for their employment In 40 states during Navy Is Getting Down to Brass Tacks SECRETARY DENBY ordered 50 additional destroyers and nearly three-scare auxiliary naval craft placed out of commission to conserve fuel. The destroyers are In addition to the 100 ordered out of commission recent ly, nnd will leave In the navy 70 destroyers In full commission and 40 with heavily reduced complements aboard. Among other vessels besides destroy ers ordered out of commission are five oil ships nnd one collier, two store ships, four mine layers, six mine sweepers and Eagle boats and 14 tugs and towing ssels. Secretary Denby said the ships or dered out of commission today and the hundred destroyers previously re tired as an economy measure were In addition to 02 other ships of the navy placed out of commission since he took office a year ago. The depart ment In that time, he nrided, hns sold 257 obsolete or auxiliary naval craft and now has on sale 62 additional ships. A National Theater for the Capital? YOU MEED A NATIONAL THEATER WASHINGTON should have a great national theater such as most of the European capitals possess, so says Grattan C. Kerens, of St. Louis, a visitor. He says "Washington in this respect does not compare with other world capitals. There is no theater In Washington thut can be even remotely compared to the opera in Paris or to the state theaters in Berlin, Vienna or even Petrograd. This situation should not exist in the capital of the richest nation on earth. "Representatives of foreign govern ments coming to America on. diplo matic missions, as during the recent Record Has Beats reasons why considerations of reln- tlvlty of importance must be borne In mind. It Is no longer possible for the newspnpers to give full reports of the proceedings of senate and house, and the operations, Investigations, Inquiries und conclusions of their various com mittees, In the Sixty-sixth congress no less than 10,239 public bills nnd 481 joint resolutions were Introduced In the legislative grist mill of the house of representatives, nnd more than 5,000 In the senate, of which 401 of the for mer and 00 of the latter class be came laws, In addition to the 124 pri vate bills and resolutions which were enacted. Not even congress Itself is able to visualize ut a single sweep of the eye a labor so vust In scope. A follow-up system of federal pub licity, probably through the executive departments, to keep the country In formed, might be desirable. No single newspaper car. report adequately every new oct of congress nnd every Inter mediate step taken in the process of converting the twenty-odd thousand bills Into the five hundred-odd luws. amendment had provisions in thell state constitutions which prohibited the legislatures from ratifying, could not be entertained, the court stated, because the state legislatures derived their power In such matters from the federal constitution which "transcends any limitations sought to be Imposed by the people of a state." The remaining objection tbnt the ratifying resolutions of Tennessee and West Virginia were Inoperative, be cause adopted In violation of legisla tive procedure In those states, may have been rendered "Immaterial," the court declared, by the subsequent ratification of the amendment by Con necticut and Vermont. The conten tion wus disposed, however, on a broader ground. the vear In co-operation with farmers. ns It has been found that the most desirable type of horse for army use is exactly the type best fitted for farm work. A message to Col. F. S. Armstrong, chief of tlie remount service, signed by representatives of more than 40 horse breeders' organizations In the New England states, New York and Pennsylvania, said the work carried on by the service Is "of Incalculable value to the horse-breeding Industry of the country." "We especially protest," it sold, "against the proposal to abandon the remount depot ut Front Royal, Va, the only remount depot In the east or south." The Utah Cnttle nnd Horse Growers' association transmitted n resolution Indorsing plans of the remount service and urging congressional support of this work. The service wns allowed $150,000 in the current army bill, a reduction from 8250,000 the year before, nnd plans for the coining fiscal yenr contemplate continued operation of three depots Front Royal. Fort Robinson, Neb., and Fort Reno, Okla. The American navy will continue to function, effecting ull the economies already Instituted until and unless a congressional mandate is received, di recting otherwise, Secretary Denbjr says, In connection with action In the house on the navy's fuel estimate. Without a record vote the house passed nnd sent to the senate a bill appropriating approximately $108,500, 000 to meet deficiencies. A provision which would limit to $0,300,000 the amount the navy department would spend for fuel during the next four months remained In the bill. International conference, are likely to base their opinion of American culture and civilization upon what they sea in the capital of the nation. They are accustomed In their own countries to the mugnlftcent structures for the pro ductlon of the drama, and If they do not find similar facilities for the en couragement of art In the United States, they can hardly be blamed If they give some credence to the old slander thnt America's is a 'dollar civilization' and that Americans excel only in the mechanical arts and sci ences." Mr. Kerans believes that the de velopment of a national drama Is one of the best possible forces tending to ward the Americanization of the varied elements of our population. - It can be made a medium through which the salient, inspiring facts of our history can be brought home to the conscious-' ness of the foreign-born citizen. The government would be Justified In Ink-, Ing up the project ef a national thea ter as a means of comoating the spread of Insidious radical doctrines,