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J I. ROANOKE RAPIDS HERALD, ROANOKE RAPIDS, N. C. BHIEF NEWS NOTES what HAS OCCURRED DURING WEEK THROUGHOUT COUN V TRY AND ABROAD ' EVENTS OF IMPORTANCE uatnered From All Parts Of Tht Glob And Told In 8hort Paragraphs Foreign The British Miners' Union Is going 10 give Its support to the American minors In their national strike, which begins soon. The British coal miners, however, will aot take any action to stop the shipment of coal to the Unit ing It. The two Koreans whose attempt to assassinate Baron Tanaka of Japan cost the life of Mrs. W. J. Synder, an American tourist, will stand trial In Japan. The Falrey hydro-aeroplane, a 400 horse power machine, which Is flying from Lisbon to Brazil, reached the Canary Islands, l.OoO miles from Lis bbn pfter a flight of 8 hours, and re ported "all well.'' Despite the Irish peace agreement signed in London, violence continued In Lister province. Four men, two of them policemen, were shot down In the streets. Tremendous damage was done by a series of incendiary fires in the nuslness district. The establishment of an airplane line from England to India and Aus tralia, of which experts long have talk' vu, now appears imminent. A power fill financial group has made appeal to the air ministry to take the airships ..with their material bases which the gcAcrnment has been unable hitherto In Induce anyone to accept as a gift. The House of Lords anproved Lord Birkenhead's amendment referring back to the committee on privileges, Iady Rhnndda's petition for member ship. The committee has previously i "Ported favorably but so much oppo sition among the lords over the ques tion of seating the peress that the sit tntlon has been reopened. France has dispatched a note to Washington acknowledging the receipt of Secretary of State Hughes1 second note and recognizing the validity of America's claim for pnyment for the upkeep, of the army of occupation on the rthlne, it was learned at the For eign Office. France promises to co operate in the mattef with the other Allird i ewers. The Portuguese seaplane which re cently left Lisbon In an attempt to fly to South America, completed In safety the first leg of the journey on sched ule. Cable dispatches say the plane arrived safely at Las Palmas In the Canary Inlands. Charles, former emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, who Is 111 of doublt pneumonia, has rallied and at tending physicians report slight im provement, says a dispatch from Fun chnl. Prof. J. E. Morln of the modern lan guage department of McGill university, Montreal, Canada, was acquitted of the charge of attempting to murder Prof. Hermann Walter, head of the same department, by placing paris green In a well upon Walter's country estate. Three Portuguese cruisers, according to Lisbon advices, have gone to. sta tion themselves at (liferent points In the Atliuitlc ocean to act as a convoy for two Portuguese officers who will make an attempt to fly In a hydro-air plane from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. Without organized murder raids In progress throughout the border coun ties of Ulster, vicious clashes between Orangemen and Sinn Felners" reported over a wide-spread area, political dis senters among the northern leaders and practically open revolt against the provision government In south Ireland, the British government will very like ly take Its first step towards Inter ventlon when it meets the Irish lead ers at the colonial office. Washington The two arms conference treaties limiting the navies of the great pow ers and restricting the use of subma rines and poison gas were ratified in a landslide of approbation by the sen ate. The senate completed Its part of the arms conference program by giv ing Its approval to the last two articles of the group of seven admitted to it for ratification. The Rotarlans formally placed a bronze tablet on the tomb of the tin known soldier In Arlington cemetery, accompanied by a suitable address by the president of that organization. The New York Central Railway was granted authority by the Interstate commerce Commission to Issue $60, 000,000 of 5 per cent refunding and lm provement mortgage bonds, Series C The bonds are to be sold at not less than 90 per cent cf par. ine peaa oi tne post-war crime wave has been reached and a barely percepu me decrease naa begun. Wll- Ham J. Burns, chief Investigator for the Department of JuBtlce, stated In reviewing the three years of crime history In the rake of the World War. It may take more than three years more for the crime to settle back to normalcy, he declared. A dark hourse bonus scheme, to sup plant the one adopted by the House, was discussed by Senator Smoot, Re publican, of Utah, with President Harding. If the already Immense deficit In in come tax receipts confronting the treasury keeps mounting. Republican leaders admitted that Congress may be called on to provide additional new tax legislation before the end of the present session, C ongress and President Harding are not at loggerheads, despite the Impres rkm created by "certain writers and certain newspapers," Representative Mondell, Wyoming, republican leader, declared In a statement which he said he had prepared for delivery as an ad dress In the house. 1 An Investigation has been Instituted by the Interstate commerce commls- ,slon, according to announcement into the reasonableness of practically all rates on coal In the w&stern portion of the Cnited States. Henry St. George Tucker of Virginia has come back into the hous after an absence of fifteen years. He was elected from the Tenth Virginia dis trict to succeed the late Henry D. Flood. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, in a statement, says that the owners ot coal mining properties, anthracite and bituminous, are forcing a general strike In union mines by their "auto cratic attitude" and "take all for prof it" policy. He asserts that the bitu minous Industry Is in the control of the steel people and the anthracite mines are dominated by the railroads. Testimony of Wayne B. Wheeler,, general counsel of the Anti-Saloon league, before the house appropria tions committee, made public, reveal ed that tne organization had protested the nomination "of half a dozen or more federal Judges," Mr. Wheeler added that he had never asked for the transfer of a federal judge. Although business continues to make progress In Its recovery from the depression of 1921, as indicated by the department of commerce since March 20, the department warned In a review of conditions made public that rehabilitation "needs to be cau tious that It may be built upon a firm foundation." Tho Federal Trade Commission is sued ah order to "cease and desist" against the Planters' Manufacturing company, Mt. Olive, N. C. The order is directed neafnst the action of the respondent in slmuntlng so closely as to cause confusion, the name of tho Planters' Manufacturing company of Portsmouth, Va. It Is announced that the eighth in fantry, part of the returning "Rhine army' will debark at Charleston, S. C, and proceed to Forts McPherson, Moultrie and Screven, Ga. Domestic While his wife was lying In bed asleey, Ambrose Watts, 30, Mlddleton. Ohio, who claims to have been dream ing, shot her through the head. Fred L. Trombly, who had served a form for grand larceny, escaped from the state reformatory of Washington, served a six months sentence for petty larceny and sentenced to six to fifteen years In the penitentiary for theft of diamonds, after having been sought by Seattle police and detectives for more than six months, was found on the police force. He Is now in Jail. Tex Rlckard, who has been on trial on the charge of criminally assaulting a 15-year-old girl, was found not guilty by a New York City jury. It Is announced In Lawrence, Mass., that the cotton mill strike is spread ing, and the strike Is assuming the proportion of a general protest against reduction In wages. As fascinating as a tale by Jules Verne is the plan for aerial explora tion of the "roof of the world," recent ly sketched in New York City by Capt, Uoald Adtimsen, discoverer of. the South Polo. The next expedition that alls for the North Pole, he says, will not be like those which have preceded it. Its vision will not be confined to a few miles on either side of the ship, but from the air It will be able to take In at a glance objects 200 miles away. It will talk by radio with Washington four times a day, and when It returns, in three years, it will know what the civilized world has been doing during its absence. Clyde Richey, a taxi driver of Ba kersfield, Calif., was attacked by two masked and robed men, who were ap- prenended by officers and have been indicted by the grand Jury. iu no euon 10 rescue a woman trapped by a fire In a rooming house in New Orleans, Fireman Oscar VIdal, Z4, lost his life. The body was found In a bath room after the flames had been put out. Fifteen persons in the building escape, but one man suf fered a broken limb and several wom en were slightly burned. Property damage was Insignificant. Oil, said to be of an unusually high grade, has been brought In with a nat ural flow of more than 100 barrels a day, from a well located on a 100-bun-dred acre tract In the heart of the twenty-eighth ward of Pittsburg. After being convicted of burglary and sentenced In open courtroom at Fayettevllle, Ga Genus Cofleld sprang suddenly upon Weyman Cofleld, his nephew, whose sensational confession bad convicted him, plunging a degger deep Into his chest Physicians de clare he can not recover. The New England cotton mill strike has taken on a new phase by extend ing to the important cotton and wool en mill center of Lawrence, and set tlement of the controversy Is reported to be not in sight. Harry Leon Wilson, nationally known author and playwright, and Theodore Crlley, artist, fought a duel recently, according to a story printed In The San Francisco Examiner. An investigation of the deaths of Mrs. Josefa Blazek and ber sister, Rosa, known as the "Siamese twins," was started recently. Following a con ference with the doctors connected with the case, however, the coroner abandoned his plans for a post mortem examination and authorized the issu ance of a death certificate. Olivia M. P. Stone, graduate nurse, collapsed on the witness stand at her trial on a charge ot murdering Ellle Guy Klnkead, formei1 Cincinnati cor poratlon counsel, In front of bis Brook lyn home recently. Believed to have been mentally un balanced, Mrs. P. J. Jordan, 60, wife of a banker, Bcranton, Pa., and Bister of Dr. Jamea G. Walsh, member of the Fordham University faculty, attempt ed to end her life in her home In North Scranton, She shot herself and then turned on the gas. John Ewlng, 21, son of Mr. and Mrs, J. H. Ewlng, of Chester, 8. C, was killed recently when he waa run over by a Seaboard Air Line Railway train at Monroe, N. C. He lived at Chester up to a short time ago but had gone to Monroe to work. nJi&&l, My -"U fe-X rV v4 7i Irw iMj iW AVI j 4 mJ TiJJUtssr-: v 1 Miss Kntberlne Thompson of Wilmington, Del., former uriuy nurse, whose engagement to Lieut. Osborn C. Wood, second son of General Leonard Wood, Is announced. 2 The Prince of Wales niul Viceroy Lord Rending ut unveiling of memorial to King Edward VII at Delhi. 3 Rotary International President C. C. McCuIlougn and Secretary of the Nuvy Denby unveiling the Rotary memorial tablet ut tomb of the Unknown Soldier In Ar lington cemetery. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Senate Ratifies Naval Limita tion Treaty, Chief Fruit of the Conference. OTHER PACTS ARE APPROVED efforts to Save Navy and Army From Dangerous Reductions Great Coal Strike Begins Lloyd George's Genoa Policy Before Com- , mons for Approval. By EDWARD W. PICKARD AVIXO made their losing fight against the Puclflc four-power pact, the obstreperous minority In the Semite ceased from troubling lust week, and fell Into line all but Sen ator France of Marylund. The treaty on limitation of navies, chief work of the Washington conference, after an Inconsequential debate, wus rati fled on Wednesday by a vote of 14 to 1. Mr. France defended his lonely negative vote by contending that the United States should continue build' lug the largest navy In the world un til all other nations had shown their willingness to abolish war totalis. Of the other Irreconclltibles, Borah ex plained that he favored the treaty because It was a step toward the goal at which he had been aiming for many years, namely, complete disarmament, and that he believed this agreement wus as much as the International con ference was able to accomplish. John Son of California did not disguise his dislike for the puct, especially Its Pa cific fortifications clause, but he voted for ratification on the assurance of the nuvy general board that the United Slates would not give up anything that Is strategically vital. King of Utah, though accepting the treaty, thought It would have small effect In reduc ing naval expenditures, predicting that huge sums now would be spent on aircraft and submarines. Immediately ufter the vote of rntlfl cation the senate took up the treaty prohibiting the use of poison gas and restricting the use of submarines In warfare and accepted It unanimously. Before casting his vote Senator Wads- worth of New York, chalrmun of the military affairs committee, expressed the opinion that In the next war this treaty would not be worth the paper it was written on. "For my own part," said Senator Wadsworth, "I shall be very much dis couraged if the United States army should stop trying to perfect gas masks because of this treaty. We don't dare stop. And the only way we can perfect gas masks Is to test them with the kind of gases which we may have to combat. - We might as well look the facts Id the face." Before the week closed, the remain ing treaties, the nine-power pact re lating to China and the one dealing with the Chinese tariff, were put through, and thus the senate complet ed Its part In making the great Washington conference a success. Naturally, and with reason, the Dem ocrats claim a share In this accom plishment, especially asserting that former President Wilson must be given much credit for arousing public opinion in favor of naval limitation. It Is evident, however, that the Repub licans will make large use of the con ference and Its results In this year's congressional campaign. Thar la every reason to believe the treaties will be speedily ratified by the other powers party to them. Indeed, not one of them Is in a position to afford to hold back from full agree ment. ALTHOUGH ths naval treaty placet our navy on a level with that of Great Britain, it will In fact be scarce ly equal to that of Japan If the naval appropriations subcommittee of the house has Its way. That body, under the leadership of Representative Pat Kelley of Michigan, Is determined to cut the naval enlisted personnel to 60,000, which Is 25,000 less than the GAIN IN CHURCH MEMBERSHIP Fifty Denominations Report Gratify, ing Increase Mads During 1921 Baptist Figures Unavailable. New York. An Increase of 761,727 church members In 1021 is reported from 50 denominations, In a survey made by Dr. H. K. Carroll, who several years ago compiled the first official cen sus of religions for the United States government. The reports from which he survey was made were obtained number necessary according to the es timates of the department's experts, and which would force out of commis sion many craft that ure positively needed. It Is not likely, however, that this crippling program will succeed because the "big nuvy" men of the house are prepared to combat It, the mujorlty leaders In the senate declare they will not stand for It, and Presi dent Harding probably would veto the appropriation bill if it came up to him in that shape. When the bill is re ported to the house this week, accord Ing to the plan, Rogers of Massachu setts will offer on amendment placing the minimum strength at DO.OIKI. If this falls, as It likely will, McArtliur of Oregon will propose 80.OU0 as the minimum. XTO LESS than the nuvy men, the army men are exercised over the tendency towurd what they believe t lie raise ana dangerous economy shown by muny members of congress The house passed an army approprla Hon bill which limits the army to Hi 000 enlisted men and 11,0000 officers, General Pershing, chief of staff, uni; General Harbord, deputy chief, assist ed such a reduction "would Introduce an unwarranted element of danger In our plan of national defense" and that nn army of 150,000 men and 12,000 officers Is absolutely essentlul to the nation's needs at this time. At first the bill carried a provision limiting the President's right to determine the size of garrisons In the Hawaiian Is lands and the Panama Canal Zone, This was eliminated when Anthony of Kansas said he had the promise of the War. department to reduce those garrisons, but Secretary Weeks Indig nantly declared that he not only had made no such promise but had no In tentlon of making the reductions. General Pershing says the Hawaii and Panama garrisons cannot he cut down without violating the soundest princi ples of security, A S PASSED by the house, the army bill appropriates about S38.0U0,- 000 for the expenses of the War de partment, but the representatives made their claim for genuine econo my look decidedly foolish by the adop tion of an amendment Increasing by ?ir,000.000 the tuuount carried as a lump sum toward continuation of work the coming fiscal year on river and harbor projects. The budget bureau and the appro priations committee of the house had recommended nn appropriation of 000,000 for this purpime, but the "pork barrel" forces, under the gen eralship of Mann of Illinois, insisted upon the larger sum, and had their woy despite the earnest efforts of Mondell of Wyoming, Burton of Ohio and others. President Harding was somewhat disturbed by this open defi ance of the budget system, for he be lieves in the budget and Intends that It shall be given a fair trial. AT MIDNIGHT Friday operations ceased In all the unionized bitu minous and anthracite coal mines of the country, 595,000 miners laying down their tools. All efforts to pre vent the great strike were futile. Ac cording to some of the union leaders, the walkout is likely to last about sixty days. During that time, pre sumably, both sides will formulate their demands and present their i h.wh, and It may he that these will result In the negotiation of new contracts. The operators Insist that wages must ceroe down in correspondence with the decline In the cost of living, but they have not yet revealed what percent age of reduction they will demand. The miners. In reply, say that the stagnation In the coal Indnstry Is due to wasteful methods of production, ex cessive profits, violation of the laws of supply and demand In control of mar kets and prices, and that costs of liv ing in the mine areas have advanced while wages remained stationary. In some reglous, as Pittsburgh, southern Ohio and Kanawha, Va., the operators have posted notices of wage reductions and hope to be able to run their mines with nonunion labor. In Illinois the miners, though not In en tire sympathy with the strike, stuck by the International, and the Indiana men did the same. Probably In both these states separate state agree ments could have been negotiated, but this was forbidden by the Internation direct from each of the 50 denomina tions, and therefore represent their own figures. Four of the chief bodies of the Bap tist group are missing from this sur vey for the reason that their statistical year is the calendar year, and no re turns for 1021 were available. "If Bap tist Increases for 1D21 were Included, the total gains of 1921 would almost certainly reach 850,000," Doctor Car roll states. The 1921 Increase compared with that of 1920, which was 814,094, ac al. The Illinois mines cannot be op erated by pick-up labor because of a slate luw which requires that no coal digger may be employed unless he can show at least two years' experience under ground. What Governor Allen "tid the Industrial court will do In Kansas is arousing general Interest. If the promises of the union heads are kept, there will be no violence In connection with the strike. Nor will the mines suffer physically, for enough men will be permitted to stuy In them to keep them from being Hooded and otherwise damaged. J IKOLAI I.KXIN, premier of soviet 11 Russia, is again dead, according to reports, hut, us on previous occa sions, It Is believed that the rumor Is "greatly exaggerated." Probably It is true that he is quite 111, and it is not likely that lie will he aJile to attend the Genoa conference. However, the soviet delegates to that confab are luxuriously on their way to Italy by way of Riga und Berlin, rejoicing in the fact that at Inst their government Is to have a measure of recognition from the capitalistic and bourgeois governments they hate so Intensely. They are hopeful of obtaining finan cial anil commercial assistance for the task of definitely establishing the communist regime In Russlu, but Lenin recently declared communism there had reached the limit of yielding to capitalism und was now In a position aguln to advance. But he told the communists they must cease their dreaming and get to work. PREMIER LLOYD GEORGE'S pol Icy concerning the Genoa confer ence was to be submitted to the house of commons this week for apiroval or rejection, and on the result depends his retention of office. Moreover, It was said that the small majority that was assured him on a vote of confi dence would not satisfy him. Unless be was given a majority of at least IIOO, asserted his friends, he would re sign. The resolution prepured for the house to act upon read : liesoiveu, iliat tins bouse ap proves the resolutions passed by the supreme council at Cannes as a basis for the Genoa conference and will sup port his majesty's government In en deavoring to give effect to them." Already Mr. Lloyd George bad quiet ed the opposition in his cabinet by the assurance that he does not intend an Immediate or unconditional recogni tion of the soviet government of Rus sia. state of angry unrest throughout the Mohammedan world, the failure of the Greeks to defeat the Kemallsts In Asia Minor and other conditions, the allies' Near East conference in Paris decided that the Turkish empire should be restored, with restrictions. According to the plan adopted, the Turks obtain Constantinople, a sover- Ignty throughout Asia Minor, Includ ing Smyrna and Thrace with Rodoeto, The Greeks retain Adrlanople and a buffer corridor reaching to the Black sea, fencing off the Bulgarians from the Turks. Abandonment of the Inter- Hied regime of the Golden Horn and the restoration of the sultan's power Is safeguarded through the British In sistence that Gulllpoll be left to the ireeks, Dardanelles demilitarized and he allied military Inspectors oversee he razing of all fortifications. While the Greeks are not at all sat isfied with this arrangement, all fac tions except the venlzellsts are sup porting the Gounarls cabinet in ac cepting It. The Turks, however, are far from pleased and have not yet agreed to the proposals. Nor have they accepted the recommendations of the allied foreign ministers for a set tlement of their differences with the (reeks. For this latter the French are blamed by British officials. They are warning the Greeks much as did Lord Byron long ago when he wrote: " Turkish force and Latin fraud "Would break your shield, however broad." O' PTIM1STIC folk base renewed hope for a unified Ireland on a peace agreement signed by represent atives of the Free State and Ulster governments. It is not apparent how this will operate to pacify the repub licans, whose latest exploit was the de struction of the plant of the Freeman's Journal In Dublin. cording to corrected returns, Doctor Carroll notes. The present survey will appear officially In the -Christian Herald on April 1. Doctor Carroll's figures show thai communicants In 1921 totaled 43,523, 20(1 as compared with 42,701,479 In 1020 and 38,005,085 In 1911. The net gain for the ten years Is reported as 7,427,521, or somewhat more than i per cent per year. There was an In crease of 88 In the" number of churchej in 1921. as compared with a decrease of 1,030 lu urn BUILDING Prill IS CONCRETE WORK ON AGRICUL TURAL EXTENSION BUILD ING 13 FINISHED. JVILL BUILD NEW Bide Are Now Being Advertised For Addition to Dining Hall Con tracts to be Let In April. Rulolgh. The building program at Stale col ge provided for uy the lust session ot the general assembly with an., ap propriation of more than half a mil lion dollars, is progressing satisfac torily. The concrete work on the agricultural extension building has been finished with the walls about two-thirds complete. C. V. York, of the York Construc tion Co., Rulelgh, who is handling the general contract, states that this lat est addition to the agricultural group of "Ag. Hill' will be ready for occu pancy by July 1st. The steel framing on the Mechan ical Engineer building, which is be ing constructed by Hester & McEl wee, also of Raleigh, Is in place and the walls are going up rapidly. It Is expected that this building will be ready for use the latter part of June. Ground has been broken for the con struction of the lust unit of South dor mitory, with the C. V. York Co. as contractors, The dormitory will fur nlsh quarters for about 165 students, and will be reudy in ample time for the opening of college next Septem ber. Bids are now being advertised for the addition to the dining hall, the contract to be lot early in April. The present building will be duplicated by an addition on the rear providing eat ing accommodations for approximate ly 1.500 students. Plans for the dining, hall addition Include the enlargement of the bakery and refrigerating plant, with a cor responding enlargement in the kitch en and serving pantries. The sub basement of the building, fronting on the drive leading to Rlddlck Field, will be fitted up as quarters for the college supply store, and a part of the space will be utilized as a cafeteria. Every effort will be made to complete the dining hall by another school year. With the opening of the spring weather work will begin on curbing and guttering the main driveways on the campus, this being preliminary to paving all of the important thorough fares; $20,000 will be spent on this work and improvement to the grounds by planting trees and shrubbery. As rapidly as possible the bare spots on the campus torn up during construc tion work will he smoothed over and seeded to grass. The contract for the new laundry building will be awarded early In tfca summer. For several years this de partment of the college has been housed in the basempnt of Tompkins Hall, the textile building., but this spnee Is now badly needed to allow expansion in the textile department. Pay Big Sum For Fire Insurance. Property owners of North Carolina paid fire insurance companies last year a total of $S. 379,054. 06 in prem iums and received back $6,364,378.65 for. losses incurred, according to a statement issued by Insurance Com missioner Stacey E. Wade. North Carolina companies did about one-eighth ot the business and suf fered about one-tenth the total losses from fire during the year. Foreign fire insurance companies suffered relative ly higher losses than any of the class es of Insurance companies doing busi ness in the state. Stock companies of other states do- lug business In North Carolina were paid total premiums of $5,142,499.61 and incurred losses of $3,842,631.06 Mutual companies of other states did a total of $25,183.84 and Incurred loss es of $421,543.28. Foreign stock com panies received $1,707,948.64 In prem luma and paid $1,541,383 in losses. Home companies received $1,013,473.97 in premiums and paid out $558,820.58. Collect a Million. Insurance Commissioner Stacey W. Wade expects to collect and turn over to the treasurer over a million dol lars In license fees ot agents and In surance companies doing business In North Carolina this year. The total net collections of this department last year, that Is the amount turned over to the state after all expenses of ad ministering the Insurance laws of the state had been taken out, ran well over nine hundred thousand dollars. Mr. Wade believes he can put the fig ure across the million-dollar mark. Let Winston-8alem Decide. The corporation commission has written a letter to the people Interest ed in the fight of Winston-Salem over the location of the new Union depot In which It Is suggested that the peo ple themselves make an effort to de- :ide on the location of the station. The commission, ot course, recognizes that It win have to give both sides a hearing if this is demanded or re quested, but it Is believed that the two factions of the city should be able to get together on a location that will meet the approval of the railroads. Pledges Now Overdue. Declaring that a failure to collect the full subscription made to the Cen tenary or Missions Movement would mean uqspeakable disaster to the en larged missionary program now in op eration as a result ot more than $33,- 000. 000 subscribed for world-wide mis sions. Southern Methodist leaders will make a determined effort to collect all unpaid Centenary money before May 1, 1922, at which time the general con ference ot tbe Methodist Episcopal church, south, sits' in quadrennial ses lon. . .. . '.....u.. 116 RAPIDLY Better Healtn Condition j .'" The death rate from , , " - v foil below a' hundred pof'-iS' thousand in 1921 for the first tirii., the history of vital statistics iu,' North Carolina, showing that the ef forts of public health officials, the Red Cross and other agencies fighting tho great White Death In North Carolina are getting good results from their work. The death rate from typhoid fever also shows a fine decrease con sidering the already low death rata from the disease In North Carolina. During 1921 there were 2,540 deaths from tuberculosis In the state, or 98.1 per heundred thousand, as compared with 2,931 for 1920, or 114.5 per nun dred thousand. The 1920 record wag considerably below the death rate for the total registration area, and with the still lower rate for the past year it Is believed the records will show that it is more difficult to die with tuberculosis in North Carolina than in almost any other part ot the coun try, When it Is taken into consider ation that at least 400 of the deaths from tuberculosis last year came to people who moved Into the western part of the state after they had al ready contracted the disease, and were really not a part of the state's sick, It will be seen that the record made was a very fine one. This death rate does not tally with the draft figures, for a large number of men were turned down for the draft on account of tuberculosis than the average. North Carolina did not show up well In this respect' when her young men were examined for tho draft. The only explanation of this seeming difference in the draft re jections and the lowering death rata from this disease in North Carolina, is that there is something about the climate down here that helps a man to get well when he has tuberculosis. Typhoid fever is about one-tenth as fatal In this state as Is tuberculosis. In 1920, 329 people, or 12.8 per hun dred thousand died of typhoid. In 1921, 263 or ten per hundred thousand people died from typhoid fever. The typhoid figures furnish a complete answer to the question of whether or not preventive medicine Is wortfc while, for since the campaigns have been waged against typhoid fever in North Carolina there has been a steady decrease in the death rate from this cause. With the continuation of the work the board of health confi dently believes typhoid can be nearly completely eliminated from this state. Prison Population Increases. The past fall and winter months, with their Increase in unemployment, have resulted in increasing the prison population of the state from a fourth to a third, according to estimates made by prison officials of North Car olina. This applies alike to the pris oners sent to the convict camps of the counties for minor infractions of the law and to the state prison, whero the prisoners charged with more fla grant violations of the law are pun ished. The heavy Increase In the prison population of state prison, togethef with tho bad weather during tho past three months, has made It impossible for the prison authorities to collect the full amount they should have col lected from prisoners who have been hired out on contract. The prison gets $1.75 per day for every working day, but the prisoners have to be fed and clothed no matter whether they work or not. And the convicts seem to eat Just as much when they do not swing a pick all day as they eat when they are at work. There have been so many days of raid and bad weather that the central prison has been suf fering financially. The prison has to feed and clothe the men, and when they do not collect the $1.76 per day for their services, the prison runs In the hole on the contract. Supreme Court Opinions. Opinions filed by the court follow:! In re will of McKay, Lee. New trlaL White vs. Fisheries Products Co, Bertie. New trial. Cooper vs. Commissioners ot Frank lin county. Affirmed. - Harris vs. Mangum, Wake. New trial. Burch vs. Bush, Franklin.' No er ror. In re McCade, Wake. Appeal dis missed. Hobby vs. Freeman, Wake. No er ror. , State vs. Montgomery, New Han over. No error. Peterson vs. Power Co., New Han over. No error. Election Board Prepares. The state board of elections is mak ing preliminary preparations for its work during the coming summer. With the first primary but ten weeks off. there is still a good deal of work to be done In order to prepare the bal lots, filling In vacancies and getting the books In shape to keep records on the elections In the different congres sional districts. Indications are that these will have to furnish the fun for the campaign this year, unless the county campaigns will evoke soma interest. New Charters Issued. The secretary of state lssned new charters to new concerns: Third Trust Company, Oastonia, authorized capital, $300,000 and $50,000 sub scribed by J. White Ware and others. Aberdeen Grocery Company, Aber deen, authorized capital $100,000 with G. C. Seymour and others as the in corporators. Bailey & Company, Hobgood, Hall fax county, general merchandise, au thorized capital $100,000 and $3,000 subscribed by E. I. J. M. and C. W. Bailey. , , Montgomery Loses Appeal. Unless there is a commutation at . the hands of Governor Cameron Mor hison, Clyde P. Montgomery, thirty-, eight-year-old white man, will die in the electric chair at the state prison tor criminally, assaulting twelve- year-old Ruby Smith, of New Han over county, December 1, 1921. Tha supreme court found no error in. the trial 4t the case in New Hanover ( superior ; court where Montgomery ' was sentenced to . be. electrocuted. , Governor Morrison will fix. the date for the execution. ' .V v?