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IsMost Far FamEd-^Bfcl 1923 Opening Evokes , >AdmiAistration Policy of L Complete ConservatiOA r for Our NatioAal Parka \ 4 By JOHN DICKINSON 8HERMAN BE national parks lost a good friend when Warren O. Harding died. Ills appreciation and ap proval of the national park move ment were signally shown at the 1023 opening of Yellowstone for Its fifty-first year by an official declaration of administration pol icy worthy of Its place ns the first national park In all history and largest and most famous of all America's nineteen public piny grounds set npnrt by congress for the use or tne people forever. That official declaration of ad ministration policy was nothing less than absolute protection of the national park system against commercial Invasion and exploitation. Dr. John Wesley Hill, chancellor of Lincoln Memorial university, made the declaration. He officially represented President Hurtling and Sec retary of the Interior Work at the Yellowstone opening. His statement was prepared, careful and emphatic. It contained the following: "And we are here today ... to celebrate the annual opening of Yellowstone park, the Inrgest and most far-famed of our national parks, a wooded wilderness of fhree thousand three hundred square miles, containing Incomparable waterfalls, more geysers than are found In the rest of the world all put together, irrigated by rivers like miniature lnkes, and beautified by lakes like Inland seas, carved by canyons of sublimity, decorated with colors defying the painter’s nrt, punctured with innumerable boiling springs whose steam mingles with fleecy clouds, stuccoed with vast areas of petrified forests, a sanctuary of safe retreat fjor feathered songsters and wild beasts, a wonder land, playground, sanitarium and university all in one, where the eye feasts upon the riotous colors of flowers, ferns and rocks; the ear Is surged with the symphony of melodious sounds; the mind is sated with a thousand revelations of truth and beauty, and the Jaded body, weary w!*h the trudge of thought and toll and travel, ungirds for song and dance beneath the shadows of the everlasting hills. “Yellowstone history Is replete with crises where the friends of the park and the park Idea have had to fight with a heroism worthy Its ex plorers and discoverers to retain It Intact against the bold and presumptuous claims of the advo cates of special privilege, determined to commer cialize this land of wonder, to build railroads through It, tunnel Its mountains, dam its lakes and streams, and secure stranglehold monopolies with small compensation to the government and total loss to the people. “And regardless or all facts and figures, appeals and threats, therefore, any plan, however meri torious on Its face, for the commercial exploita tion of parka must by the very nature of Its alms and purposes be immediately doomed to failure. "Good projects, bad projects. Indifferent proj ects, all must face the same fate, for It Is at last established policy of the government that our national parks must and shall forever be main tained In absolute, unimpaired form, not only for the present, but for all time to come, n policy which has the unqualified support of President Harding. "This Is the fixed policy of the administration, and I can assure you It will not be modified. It will not be swerved a hair’s breadth by any Influ ence, financial, political or otherwise. "If rights are granted to one claimant, others must follow, so a precedent must not be estab lished. It would Inevitably ruin the entire national park system.** Doctor Hill might have been more definite In the matter of the attacks by commercial Interests upon Yellowstone. Since early in 1920 it has required Increasing vigilance and aggressive or ganized effort on the part of the vast army of national park enthusiasts to defeat these attacks. During the winter and spring of 1920 the Sixty sixth congress nearly passed the Smith bill cre ating a commercial Irrigation reservoir In the southwest corner of Yellowstone for the benefit of Idaho. And it did pass the water power bill granting to a commission power to lease public waters. Including those of the national parks and monuments, for water power. <LlACK3QirzA&ru4XZ> 127VJKJ A national organization of defense, about 4,000,000 strong, was quickly effected. The Smith bill was killed in the house, nfter It had passed the senate. The Jones-Esch bill exempting na tional parks, present and future, from the Juris diction of the water power commission was Intro duced and forced forward. The water power in terests were powerful enough, however, to force a compromise amendment which exempted only the existing national parks. The Jones-Esch bill wns passed by the Sixty-sixth congress. In December of 1020 Senator Walsh of Montana championed a bill to dam Yellowstone lake for an Irrigation scheme In Montana. A long and hard-fought battle followed. In June of 1921 Sec retary of the Interior Fall reported on the bill and straddled on the question of protection, hold ing that power and Irrigation development in the national parks should be only “on specific author ization of congress, the works to be constructed and controlled by'the federal government.” There upon Senator Walsh proposed a new bill providing that the United States reclamation service should build and operate the Yellowstone lake dam. The defenders of the park proved that the dam could be built to greater advantage outside the park. In 1922 the upholders of the parks won a victory by electing Scott Leavitt in Montana to congress over Jerome Locke, originator of the dam project. The final result of the fight was that the Sixty seventh congress adjourned March 4, 1923, leav ing the Walsh dam In the committee’s pigeonholes. Efforts to revive it are expected in the Sixty eighth congress. During these three years another victory of great Importance along the same line was the smothering In committee of the All-Year National park bill, personally drafted and sponsored by Secretary Fall. This bill created a national park In the Mescalero Indian reservation In New Mex ico out of several insignificant spots widely sep arated, plus nn irrigation and power reservoir ninety miles away. It would have Introduced both water power and Irrigation Into the national park system. There was a nation-wide protest against this bill, In which New Mexico Itself took an active part. The bill is too dead, it is believed, to be resuscitated. A third victory called nation-wide attention to another danger that threatened—and still threat ens—the national parks. The victory was the de feat of the Slemp bill creating the Appalachian National park out of a Virginia mountain top. It was opposed on the ground that the area was below the proper national park qunllty. It was favored by Secretary Fall, who In his report to the public lands committee sold that his policy was to substitute a wide-open recreational park system of many small playgrounds for our his toric natlonnl park system. The late Franklin K. Lane, as secretary of the Interior In 1918, nailed down this plank In the national park platform: In studying new park projects you should seek to find "scenery of supreme and distinctive quality or some natural feature so extraordinary or unique as to be of national Interest and Importance . . The national park system as now constituted should not be lowered In standard, dignity and prestige by the inclusion of areas which express in less than the highest terms the particular class or kind of exhibit which they represent. President Harding was the first president to an nounce publicly a general administration policy of absolute conservation for the national purks system and for ail of Its units. Both Roosevelt and Taft were good friends of the national parks, but preservation against commercial Invasion was not a question In their days. President Wilson, In his first term, signed the Hetch Hetchy bill giving 9&n Francisco the water supply reservoir In Yo8em!te which has Just been completed; Its secret water power purpose was not then gen erally understood. President Wilson, however, stood by the national parks loyally and powerfully In the fight to exfempt them from the jurisdiction of the water power commission. azz>&irrRFZz q&Yiz&z. JKdL/yuuZZ) XJjJ&ZAiZiT - —» President Harding, In announcing this admin istration policy, was not anticipating a popular de mand so much as answering it. The truth is that the American people have within the last three years adopted our nineteen nationnl parks as a part of their conception of the greatness of their nation. "Hands off 1” applies to the nntional parks ns well ns to Old Glory. They are eager to defend them and to keep them inviolate. And they have developed organized strength through the affiliation of a dozen or so nation-wide organ izations to see that congress shall legislate wisely concerning the national parks. The announce ment of the conservation policy was received with nation-wide delight. The nntional park enthusi asts hoped that the conservation policy would be broadened to uphold Secretary Lane’s Important plank. Yellowstone also gets into the limelight this season because President Harding paid it a two days’ visit on his way to Alaska. The President’s party went in and out through the north entrance and did about 150 miles of motoring in seeing various points of Interest. On the Continental Divide they drove through snowbanks. The Pres ident went yachting on Yellowstone Inke—un dammed. He saw many wild animals and fed gingerbread and molasses to a black bear and her cub. He saw the Painted Terraces of Mammoth Hot Springs. Old Faithful geyser spouted 150 feet into the air every sixty-five minutes for him—ns it does for every visitor. The photograph reproduced herewith shows the President and Mrs. Harding, under escort of Superintendent Hor ace M. Albright, viewing from Artist Point the Grand Canyon of thq Yellowstone nnd the Lower Falls. The President was visibly Impressed by the sight—one of the grandest and moat beau tiful In the world. Just sixty-three years—1807-1870—were re quired to put Yellowstone on the map; the Ameri can people simply wouldn’t believe there was any such place. The Lewis and Clark expedition of 1S04-0G passed close by It, but the Indians never mentioned It, considering It the abode of “Evil Spirits,” who punished all talk about them. John Colter, a member of the party who went back to trap beaver, discovered It In 1807. Upon his return to St. Louis In 1810 the people dubbed It “Colter’s Hell” and laughed him and his tale out of court. James Brldger rediscovered It about 1828 and the public said "Just another of Jim Brldger’s ‘big yarns.’" The gold prospectors of 18G2 described It ami were set down as liars, it took the Washburn-Langford expedition of 1870 to make the people believe In Its wonders. The mem bers of that expedition were for pre-empting the scenic points and mnklng their fortunes. Cor nelius Hedges rebuked them and proposed the national park plan—the first In all history. The park was established by act of congress In 1872 and Yellowstone celebrated Its semi-centennial last fall. Yellowstone contains 3,848 square miles—8,114 , In Wyoming, 108 In Montana and 8G In Idaho. Big as It Is, the plan Is to enlarge it by the addi tion of many square miles to the south—the Jack son Hole country, which contains Jackson lake and the Teton mountains and is a natural part of the park. BILLOWS MAY BE MADE TO ORDER! Any Kind Desired Am Now Produced •t Will for Benefit of ' Reaorter*. It appears that "all hinds of wares" .are now made to order, and that one «an order any one of a half dosen varieties of wares, produced by an •dddnoktnt bit ef machinery devised for tbs purpose. Boms of the sU or seven varieties of waves are: The gentle, rolling bil lows; the short, choppy kind; the whltecap variety and big ones resembl ing the ocean waves. Each of these. It is reported, can be manufactured at will merely by manipulating the four plungers of the machine In differ ent ways, says the Washington Star. For instance, if you want the long, rolling billows all you have to do is to cause the four‘plungers to work in unison. They plunge into the water all at once and cause the big swells. If the short, choppy wave Is wanted the plungers are worked Independently of each other. Two up and two down gives the whltecap sort. This curious machinery, which makes perfect waves, was Invented to convert placid lakes at summer re sorts Into lakes with real live waves and make bathers think they are en joying a real Atlantic or Pacific surf -—at least while the machinery was working, for as soon as the electric motor Is stopped the water resumes Its placidity. It appears that these wave* can be made all day long for thousands of bathers and at compara tively, little expense. It Is said that a dollar a day Is the coat of operating the electric motor that drives the ma chine. tmoksr Stories for Example. Necessity may be the mother of In vention but thore are a lot of stories Invented that there Is no necessity for, —Boston Evening Transcript OUR COMIC SECTION On the Concrete J (Copyright, W. N.U.) M The Troubles of Flirtati* i 1BAOC 13 5:15 LOCAL HOP SCOTCH cl it Ton POTSDAM uneeCdd _ LINEEDA P '// EJEWM6 "EM . HELLO, MR. CEATIIERHEAD — _ HOP IN AND I'LL DRIVE TOU I INCCTTA I NOME — WAITING POtt _ m >iJIEE (-— ' (rM£7> “to*** — MEET MW ( ME. EE^-'EEWEAO j © Western New:pper Uniof* V/AN^Ui —. I fVhat’s IVrong Here? $AM, V VUOMOER VJUAT KARS. JOUCS 1 , Got So peeveo asout6? lets see—IB She see, "«• looks storkaw \ woo ( Setter stcw---' f PER SOPPER-'' [AW SHUX.! r \ WU SEAT •that o\.e I EtORW EAS'i* Amo iseZ; "oh, w oomy ujorsad EMUFF FER. YWAY\ * O'vfA SEE AMM 'TUlMff Y* GtVY HER. S.O FeEVEO “? _Q Warn Ncwtptpct Unioa Indians Liked These In dry woods, particularly In the shadow of the hemlock, grow the rattlesnake plantains, the tufts of their gray-green leaves delicately marked with netted velnlngs, says Nature Magazine of Washington. The resemblance to the markings on a snake is really responsible for Its name, but the Indians once supposed It to have curative power for the bite of e rattlesnake. The two species K common In the eastern states are the lesser rattlesnake plantain and the downy rattlesnake plantain. Bad for Nlghthawks. In Spanish cities at eleven o’clock at night the doors of all rooming houses are closed and locked. After that hour one can get In only by calling the guard or watchman of his particular block. This Is an old Spanish custom which holds over to the present day In nearly all the cities of Spain. The watchman carries a lantern and the ------——.1 keys of all the houses under his charge. Story in Countenance. There Is In every human count** nance either a history or a prophecy which must sadden, or at least soften, every reflecting observer.—Coleridge. Capacity Wins. Chance Is a poor mount, but capacity will carry a man past the winning poet more easily and men surely.—London Express.