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Roanoke Rapids herald. [volume] (Roanoke Rapids, N.C.) 1914-192?, August 31, 1923, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91068748/1923-08-31/ed-1/seq-7/

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Where Costliest
Perfume Is Made
_— ---
Bulgaria, Home of Attar of Roses,
Is Suffering From Short
age of Crop.
Washington.—Roses are not doing so
well In Bulgaria this year.
This Is not the casual statement that
It may appear. It amounts to a great
deal more than a statement, for exam
ple, that California’s popples are suf
fering, that the blue-bonnet crop Is not
up to the standard In Texas, or that
the daisies In Maryland are scarcer
than usuul. A bulletin by the National
Geographic society's headquarters here
tells -^#y.
“Rows are not merely things of
beauty in Bulgaria,” says the bulletin.
“They constitute a real crop, and mean
as much to some parts of the country
as cotton means in Georgia, or pota
toes In Maine, It Is literally true that
the rose means bread and ''utter to
thousands of Bulgarian country folk.
Great fields of roses are grown that
the petals may be made to yield each
ns innmtesimai snare or attar or roses,
the last word—und the most expensive
—In perfumery.
“It is in the vnlleys on the southern
slopes of the Balkans that roses hove
been grown for generations for the
perfumery Industry, for there the cli
mate. soil and drainage are Just right
in normal seasons for this most exact
ing flower. Before the World war there
were probably between 25.000 and 50,
000 acres of rose gardens in the Bul
garian ‘rose belt,’ and the annual yield
of the attar was about 150,000 ounces.
But perfume was not greatly in de
mand in the German and Turkish
world to which Bulgaria's exports were
confined during war time, and roses
gave way to the tobacco plant, whose
particular fragrance was more appre
ciated by the millions of men under
arms. Since the war rose-growing 1ms
recovered, but In no postwar year has
the acreage climbed above lb,000.
Most Concentrated Product.
“Attar of roses is one of the most
concentrated ‘agricultural products,’ if
it may be so called, produced anywhere
In the world. The countless rose petuls
grown on an acre yield only a few ta
blespoonfuls of the fragrant oil. The
Uncle Jack Is Lively at
attar Is in effect the materialized ami
captured fragrance of i^ie rose, and
probably 50,000 or more flowers must
contribute their shore In muklng each
ounce of the completed product.
“The roses are largely gathered be
fore sunrise, or at least before thq dew
has dried; for the moisture hefps to
preserve the fragrance. The peasants
seem to enjoy their aesthetic Joh.
Troops of gaily dressed girls and young
men go through the gardens stripping
the buds from the plnnts. They are
dumped In piles before older women
who sort them In rendlness for their
trip to the nearby factories. The buds
are placed In retorts with about twice
their weight of water and the liquid Is
then distilled. The resulting liquor Is
allowed to stand overnight In puns.
By morning a thin film of a solid oil
has risen to the top. This, the attnr.
Is carefully skimmed off, and the re
maining rose water Is In most cases
thrown away.
“The genuine attnr of roses Is so
strong that Its odor Is not very pleas
ant. When combined with other mate- 1
rluls and so properly diluted, however,
the fragrance Is delightful. One drop
is sufficient to give a pleasing row
odor to a gallon of cologne.
Has Reached $100 an Ounce.
"In 1010 the United States Imported
over a thousand pounds of attar of
roses from Bulgaria. Its cost there i
was only about $150 a pound. The
price of the attar Is much greater, of
course, by the time it reaches the con
sumer. The best grades have sold at
times for $100 or more an ounce.
“Though Bulgaria Is perhaps the
best known source of attar of roses,
it has no monoply of the production of
this most highly prized of perfumes.
In the celebrated Vale of Kashmir, In
some parts of Chinn, in some of the
oases of Persia, In Egypt, and In Asia
tic Turkey the flowers from many
acres of roses nre concentrated In
much the same way. The Industry has
even Invaded the west and Is carried
on near Leipzig, Germany, and around
the famous 'City of Perfumes,’ Grasse,
In southern France.”
Police Forbidden to Smoke.
I.os Angeles.—August Vollmer, Los
Angeles’ new chief of police, has
issued an order forbidding officers
from smoking while In uniform and
from smoking in the public offices of
the various police stations.
Enables the Blind
to Read Music
__ ___
Blind Printer Invents S/stem by
Which Sightless Musicians
Can Read Notes Easily.
Jacksonville, 111.—Five years ago
L. W. Kodenberg, blind winter of the
state school for the bll/d, began ex
periments to perfect a jystem of mu
sical scores for the blln/. In 1923 his
device has been acceppd by all the
leading Institutions foI the blind in
the United States, nnj the school at
Jacksonville now publifies more music
than any other Institulon In America.
Formerly when a found musician
would run his tinged over the em
bossed dots of his scot, he could read
only notes designed $r the left bund
without the sliglitel knowledge of
what the composition ns a whole
would sound like. Then lie had to go
back to find out what the right hand’s
part was like, since each score was
printed separately.
The English devised a different sys
tem by which they placed the treble
and bass alternately. That Is, there
would be a few lines for the left hand
and then n few for the right hand,
but even this innovation did not please
the blind musicians who wanted to
study the full score of the composi
tion us they proceeded.
Mr. Rodenberg devised eighteen dif
ferent systems while he conducted his
experiments and submitted them to
teachers of the blind throughout the
country, asking them to select the one
which seemed most practicable.
The system chosen has been re
ceived with acclamation by tbs blind
musicians everywhere, and the presses
at Jacksonville are kept busy meeting
the demand for music written accord
ing to the new system.
Uses "Bar Over Bar” Method.
to lib
reach in
The p»
In ieco>
no me:
and In
as wel.
Iron. ar«
lug cei
the st
merely t
"ator see]
This wate
with v
the tuii
of mu
“Av one
fives dn
An offlcJ
ment ^tin
force P**
thrown o\
The la
hi to i L
'T'O THOSE who are "listening In"
^ on the Inst word In styles as broad
cast by fashion centers nnd relayed
through the genius of many designers
there comes the message that beading
will be a favored adornment In fall
blouses. Silk embroideries, of course,
we hnve with us In great abundance,
and a great number of emhro.Jered
styles will cont.nue popular. Beading
provides a somewhat brighter adorn
ment than silk, nnd It Is in keeping
With the colors and materials favored
includes neckwear, veils, gloves,
girdles, belts, jewelry, fans, umbrellas,
besides many little articles for which
fads come and go. Examples selected
from some of the more essential ac
cessories reveal their styles for fall,
ns shown In the illustration. It in
cludes a veil, a pair of kid gloves, a
girdle and three bags all prominent In
current modes.
In veils there Is a wide variety of
patterns In which fine, large-mesh
veilings are ornamented with silk em
Cheerful Blouse With Bead Design.
or fall and winter—It Is certain to |
eep puce tvlth the advance of the !
The cheerful blouse pictured here Is
f holly-berry red creep de chine, with
bead design In white and green,
mall round bends are used In making
le pattern and long bugle beads In the
ime color decorate the cuffs and the
am line. The blouse Is made with a
mblnntion collar which may be worn
i shown or snapped closely around
e neck. The long set-in sleeves and
vbon tie at the side are both firmly
•tabllshed in the new fashion.
Blouses and Jacquettes for later fall
broidery In self color and endless vari
ation in design. Sometimes the veil Is
almost entirely covered with embroid
ery, but usually a plain space is left
in order not to Interfere with the vi
sion when the veil is worn over the
face. Quite often the veil serves
merely to decorate the hat, with per
haps a little of its edge falling over
the brim edge. There are many pat
terns with floral motifs woven in and
outline embroidery added as a border.
Gloves reflect the flair for elabora
tion in other apparel. Gauntlets In
two colors of kid for street wear are
represented in all displays, but plain
Some of the Little Necessaries.
r are being developed in duvetyns,
ited silks and a number of novel
ies. In addition to beading, there
’onsiderable interest in inetal bro
es, applique designs of chenille,
sel braids and allover patterns of
broidery. A rather startling over
use recently shown combined bright
d metal cloth with an embellish*
nt of a rose pattern in green and
-e beads.
‘A lady is known by her gloves
j shoes," Is a fashion adage
it means more than it says. It Is
ant to emphasize the Importance of
all details in the toilette—things
it may lift it out of the common
ice or add to it a touch of elegance
even a superb finish. These acces
•ies of dress commnnd as much at
ltlon as its necessities do and at
ition to them is as well worth while.
There is a long list of things thut it
the privilege of women to wear—
all belongings that lend charm and
riety to their apparel and bespeak
id taste and refinement. The list
chamois skin and chamolsette are not !
outrivaled by the dressier kid. They
are shown in white, chamois, gray, tan,
beige, brown and black and their
washable quality makes a firm de
mand for them.
Leather bags of all sorts In medium
and small sizes remain the most prac
tical and popular shopping bags.
Dressier bags are made of moire silk
or satin, while beaded bags in all sizes
and various shapes divide honors with
those of paisley or other fabrics,
brightened with steel beads.
Sashes, belts and girdles need a
small book to tell their story. One of
the new girdles made of silk cord is
pictured. It points the direction the
mode is taking, with its very long tas
sels and embroidered ornaments.
<©, 1923. Western Newspaper Union.)
Many of our Infectious diseases are
relatively recent origin and due to
k artificial, unnatural life of clv
jatlon, declares W. B. Scott, Prince
|» professor.
\s man’s history goes, typhoid Is a
angster among diseases, Scott says,
phold never bothered Caeshr’s
nles. It was 1823 before typhoid
differentiated from typhus,
a, hotbed of yellour fever until
er of months ago, had no germs
this disease as late as 1674
We’ll find a flu cure and preventive
one of these days. Then nature will
send along a new disease. She does,
as fast as we conquer the old ones—
competition, to keep us battling for
existence. That battle breeds strength.
Lace Scarfe for Evening Wear.
In evening gowns of taffeta where
the bouffant mode is supreme, the coe
tume Is not complete without Its ac
companying scarf or shawl of metal
lace, which la a feature of these num
bers. _.. . -
When the sun begins to cast its rays right Into your innermost bones,
then Is the time to pack up, tuke the bus and family, und shoot away to!
some quiet country place for a few days to taste the real joys of living, i
Here is a camping squad of .autos and they all seem to be enjoying i
themselves while dinner is being prepared.
Mechanism of Unusual Qualities
and Unit of Almost 100 Per
Cent Perfection.
(By ERWIN GREER, President Greer
College of Automotive Engineering,
The disk clutch is a mechanism of
unusual qualities. Simple, easy to op
erate, efficient and lasting. In view of
the severe work which It has to per
form and the excellent manner In
which It does it, without attention,
makes It a unit of almost 100 per cent
perfection. There are times, however,
when one of these clutches after a
period will L>egln to slip. This slipping
condition will usually develop after
the first two or three months’ service
If It Is going to slip at all, and I am
now going to try to make It clear, the
reason of this and how to overcome it.
Tills clutch of the dry disk type Is
made up of a number of disks ar
ranged alternately with n steel plate
against one fabric lined. The edges of
the fabric-lined disks have a series of
teeth cut around the outer diameter
which mesh with corresponding
grooves in the outer drum. The steel
disks have keyways out in the edge of
holes in the disks which engage In
keys in the Internal drum. When the
clutch r.e engaged these disks are firm
ly compressed ’07 two springs acting
against the compressor plate.
Height of Disks.
The height of the total number of
disks piled one on top of the other
and arranged the same as when In the
dutch should equal or be slightly In
excess of the distance from the shoul
der to the edge of the Internal clutch
drum. When a car is new the lined
disks ore bound to have high spots on
them and after a few hundred miles'
running these high spots will be worn
down, resulting in a reduction in the
measure of the disk assembly. When
the reduction is sufficient to make the
measurement of the disk assembly less
than the measurement from the shoul
der to the edge of the drum, then the
compressor plate will strike the edge
of the drum and the pressure of the
springs will be against the drum in
stead of the disks, resulting in a slip
ping clutch.
To Correct Slipping.
To correct this slipping condition
the only thing necessary Is to add
something to the disk assembly In or
der to Increase the measure of the disk
assembly. This can be done by In
stalling one extra disk and the best
place to put It is against the shoulder
of the drum. One disk Is usually suf
ficient to make up the required
amount. Do not put too many disks
In as there would be a possibility of
the clutch not releasing properly. Very
often when one of these clutches starts
to slip the owner will pour gasoline on
It or tighten the springs. This usually
does not help much as in most cases
slipping Is caused by the condition Just
Slipping of the clutch Is also caused
by Improper pedal adjustment. The
clutch pedal at all times should have
a slight amount of play so that there
Is no doubt that the clutch Is being
held out by the pedal stop.
Do not pour oil In the clutch housing
ns it will damage the clutch lining,
making It too soft. Keep the thrust
bearing greased.
Driver Soon Can Tell If Correct by
Opening Petcocka at Top of
] Cylinders.
You can tell if the carburetor mix
ture Is correct by opening the petcocks
at the tops of the cylinders (If the en
gine has them) one at a time and not
ing the color of the flame which
emerges from the cylinder while the
engine Is running. If the flame Is a
faint blue the mixture Is correct. If It
Is red, too much gasoline Is being con
sumed, and If the flame Is yellow the
mixture Is t®o lean.
| An Emergency Pin.
In an emergency a temporary taper
pin may be fllfcd from an ordinary nail
or a stiff piece of wire to replace a
taper pin that has broken on the mag
netic drive or In some other important
i Bearings Lopsided.
When bearings begin to wear, they
are soon knocked lopsided, depending
upon the thrust of the engaging mem
ber. Even the slightest amount of
wear will develop a knock which great
ly hastens tt^e end of the bearing."
Task Is Simplified by Use of Thin
Wooden Paddle.
It Is difficult to get at commutators
as a rule, due to the small opening at
the commutator end of a generator or
starting motor. This requires that
some simple tool be made to get at the
commutator through one of the brush
holder openings. The easiest way to
do this Is to take the cover of a cigar
box or some thin wood stock and make
a small paddle about 4 or 0 inches long
and about half the width of the brush
To use this simple arrangement for
cleaning generator commutators first,
remove the most accessible generator
brush and then wrap a strip of No. OO
sandpaper over the end of the paddle
and use It through the brush holder
when the engine Is running ns one
would use a hand lathe tool. This will
thoroughly clean the commutator and
do It evenly. Under no circumstances
use emery cloth or electrical cloth, as
emery Is a conductor and will short
the commutator. Shorted armature
windings on most machines will make
themselves known by turning the seg
ments of the armature a blue color.
One shorted winding will make two
segments 180 degrees apart or one-half
way around the commutator change
A dirty motor commutator causes
arcing and heating. This Is also true
if the contact faces of the brushes are
cut and not smooth. If this condition
is found, It is best to smooth the faces
of the brushes, ns they will cut the
commutator so badly in a short time
that It will have to be refaced by tak
ing a cut off of it In a lathe.
Lamps Controlled by Steering Mechan
ism in Such Manner That They
Turn With Wheels.
In Illustrating and describing an au
tomobile headlight, the Invention of R.
L. Rice and W. M. Jordan of Hovey,
Miss., the Scientific American says:
Tills invention relates to headlights
for automobiles or similar vehicles,
and has for its object to provide means
wherein the headlights are controlled
Headlights Follow Wheels.
by the steering mechanism In such
manner that they turn with the steer
ing wheels of the vehicle whereby the
road Is Illuminated- even on the sharp
est turns. Further objects are to pro
vide means by which the lights may be
controlled to remain stationary, or
may be removed and used as a spot
light enabling the driver to readily
carry out repairs.
The pan under the engine is a unit
which Is capable of making consider^
able noise If it Is not properly fitted
and rigidly secured In position.
One of the most common complaint*
among car owners is the Improper ae
tion of the clutch. The clutch throw
out collar needs constant lubrication.
» * • •
A handy screwdriver can be mad*
from a shoe buttonhook by cutting ofl
the hook end, then flattening this and
shaping it to fit the heads of small
• • •
With the aid of the oiling chart sup*
plied with the car every grease cup
should be inspected, filled if It U
empty, and given a turn to insure pres
sure enough to force the grease lnM
the mechanism.
High Oil Pressure.
The oil pressure gauge on the dash
sometimes registers high oil pressure
at slow engine speeds when the engine
Is first started. This Is due to the con
gealed oil In the line leading to the
gauge, and also In other parts of the
lubricating system

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