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Jubilee ZZoZZand CEZebraZes 25 Years of WZZbeZm/na!sRuZe *•• • &&ACZ'nAl*A.C£: ZI—_ (crntt/ast*/ a miCEN WII.HELMINA !*K0—Born at The Hague. 1890—Succeeded to throne of Willem III. 1898—Crowned. 1901—Married Henry of Jaecklen burg-Schwerin. 1909—Princess Juliana born. I -».. By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN RESIDENT CALVIN COOLIDUE cabled to Queen Wilhelmlna the oilier day through the De partment of State his “most cordial felicita tions.’* “With full 'appre ciation of the gratifica tion which your country men must experience In the commemoration of an event so fruitful of prog less ami prosperity for your coun try,” the message said, "the Ameri can people unite in heartfelt wishes for many years to come your wise und benign reign may continue to redound to the glory of The Netherlands.” The President has the reputation of saying only what he means. He could say this, however, with a clear con science. For Queen VYilhelmlna's reign has been "wise and benign " And her loyul subjects this fall have staged an elaliorate and long-drawn-out cele biation of her silver Jubilee in token of their appreciation. Moreover, there are ties between America and The Netherlands other than those of trade. The Dutch set tled New York and guaranteed to the oppressed of Europe civil and re ligious liberty on Manhattan Island. It was In Holland that the Pilgrim Fathers found an asylum before com ing to Plymouth Hock. The Dutch have sent many a good American to America. The Peace Palace at The Hague (photograph herewith) Is Car negie's gift, and America has a lively interest in the doings therein. It Is in recognition of these ties be tween America and Holland that va rious Holland-Auierlcan organizations sent delegates to offer their con gratulations to Queen Wllhelmina. These delegates were received In au dience by the queen. They represent ed, among other organizations the Hol land society, the St. Nicholns society, the Society of Holland Dames, the Netherlands-American Foundation, the New Netherlands Commission of New York, the Collegiate Dutch Reformed Church of New- York and the Huguenot Society of America. With traditional loyalty to the House of Orange the orange pennant waved over every nook und corner of the small and Intensely patriotic realm. Trade was virtually at u stand still for many a day. The celebra tlon began when Queen Wilhelmina and Princess Juliana arrived in The Hngue from their country seat and found a greut welcome awaiting them, j For weeks presents from the vari ous rulers of the world poured In, to gether with endless messages of con gratulation. Then the queen made a ceremonial entry Into Amsterdam, where there were days of festivities; and every city, village and commu nity had its own celebration. Koninkrljk der Nederianden—Amer icans usually say “Holland"—Is now a constitutional and hereditary monarchy. The royal family, known as the House of Orange, descends from a German Count Walram, who lived In the Eleventh century. The Congress of Vienna erected the king dom In 1815, with the son of the last stadthouder, Willem V, as heredi tary sovereign. This union was dis solved by the Belgian revolution of 1830 and In 1889 the treaty of London constftuted Belgium an Independent kingdom. King Willem I of The Netherlands abdicated in 1840, be queathing his throne to Ids son, Wil lem II, who after a ri-Ign of nine years left the throne to Willem III. This king died in 1890 after a reign of forty-one years. In default of male heirs he was succeeded by his only daughter, Wilhelminu Helena Pauline Maria, with her mother. Princess Emma, as regent. Holland has features which have appealed to the popular Imagination. One is the heroic and successful strug gle of Its people aguinst the sea some of the land Is seven feet below the North sea. Everybody knows of its windmills, Its picturesque costumes, its canals, its cheeses, its bulbs Queen Wilhelminu is an appealing figure. When shfe was crowned at Am sterdam twenty-five years ago .she made a short speech from the throne. She said: “1 make the words of my beloved father my own: ‘The House of Orunge cun never do enough for Japanese Pillows The cedar-wood pillows found In the tomb of old King Tut-Ankh-Amen. In Kftypt, exactly resemble rhe wooden pillows In use today In Japan. It must he difficult to find any sleep-inducing virtue in these so-called cushions, and one must be much determined to sleep to be able to do so under the condi tions. The reason for the hard sub stance of these pillows Is explained by the Imperative necessity of not dinar Tied Fast in a Knot There wni a half-distress look on the face of the recently arrived Scan dinavian aa he slowly discussed the new language he had been learning. “Aye tank.** he said, “dls country have funny language. Wan Aye get here my slater she say she too fat; she must 'fast.' I go atore to buy cap, and the clerk he aay the colar In die cap It ban ‘fast.* A man tel^e to tie my horse ‘fast,' bat the mgg Aye bought him from he say be already baa very ftaat' horse-Pathfinder. ranging the complicated headdress of the JupaneBe women. Only the women of the middle class still use these hard pillows, as they do their hair only once a month and cannot bear to see It untidy between times. Joraan Water Full of Salt. In a lecture before the Royal Geo graphical society, Wilfred Irwin dis cussed the chemical composition of the River Jordan, which is responsible for the extreme saltiness of the Deed sea. Analysis of samples tolfen from differ Dramatic Power The first thing that strikes any one who has tried to read Jane Austen's novels aloud is the dramatic power displayed In the conversations. No novelist ever made his or her charac ters express themselves so simply or forcibly in their parts as she does. It would seem that we have lost In her one of our greatest playwrights. The unfolding of character In dialogue has not been better done by any of our The Netherlands.* *’ That was tin keynote of her address, and It hai been the keynote of her reign. A. J. Branouw, In “Holland Undei Queen Wllhelmlna,” an authoritative work Just off the press, says that the queen has stood the test of time, as Is evidenced by the regard In which she Is held, despite her In capacity to appreciate tendencies which go to make up present-day life. She has shunned rather thun sought popularity, and although she Is the most democratic of queens she seems to lack that captivating ease of manner with which popular royal personages won the hearts of their subjects. The feminist movement met with little sympathy from her, the phenom enal revival during her reign In both music and the stage made little ap peal to her. While Wllhelmlna Is a constitu tional queen and every act of hers requires the countersign of her min isters, it Is a mistake to think of her ns merely a living symbol of the na tion’s unity, a ruler deprived of re sponsibility of power. She has made a thorough study of governmental af fairs und she often displays an Insight into departmental matters that Is puz zling to public officials. She has too fine a sense of her duties, too great n knowledge of her country’s needs and hopes to remain a mere, figure head. Holland, contrary to a general Idea, had a tough time during the World war. But It preserved Its neutrality, and today Its exchange Is at par. America, one believes. Is of the opin ion that Holland acted like a good sport in the question of the former kaiser. The arrival of the kaiser on Netherlands territory took the gov ernment by surprise. The supreme council addressed a note to The Netherlands government demanding the kaiser's extradition. Queen Wilhelm Inn based her refusal upon respect for the laws of the kingdom and the love of that justice which is embodied in national tradi tions. The two parties chiefly concerned probably had good cause to thank Queen Wilhelmlna’s government. The entente powers were barred from the dubious honor of establishing a new international law which would set up the accuser as judge In his own case and The Netherlands had the satis faction of seeing Its respect for law and tradition prevail over its aver sion to the guest who abused that feeling for his own safety. ent parts of the river shows that even near Its source the water Is highly Im pregnated with various salts, chiefly common table snlt and chloride of magnesia, snys the Detroit News. As the water posses through the Sea of Galilee, there is a slight Increase In Its salt content, but the calcium sul phate and the silica which It also con tains decrease. In the Immense evapo rating pan of the Dead sea the salt— that Is the sodium chloride—Is Crystal Used, whereas the magnesium ohloride remains In solution. dramatists, and has certainly not been approached by any other novelist. No novels make so Immediate an appeal when declaimed as hers do. Even youthful audiences who are popularly supposed to be incapable of appreciat ing the subtlety of her wit are quick ly entranced.—8. P. B. Mala. No Safety. A mouse finds It comparatively safe to dart from a closet across the floor, but there will be a mouse trap In tbs closet next day. CONG EBLOCK FOR NEW GARAGE Convenient, Economical, Firesafe and Suitable for All Classes of Structures. The amount of money invested hi even the lowest priced automobile Jus tifies a substantial garage that will give the required protection against weather, theft and lire. With a garage on the home grounds the owner lists his car always within reach nnd where lie can use his spare time in keeping it clean and in good running order. He also lias a place to keep oil, spare tires and other car •applies. With the car near the house there will be less danger from fire, tampering and pilfering as it is always under the owner’s eye. Suitable and Practical. Wherever possible the material used in the walls and roof of the garage should be the same as that of the house. Concrete block are suitable and practical for all Classes of garages I from the small building, such as is shown in the Illustration, to the types | with separate rooms for several ears, ■uch as nre built for the accommoda 1 tlon of car owners living in apartment houses. The block may be finished in j stucco to harmonize with the house I by the addition In cement mix of color : to produce the desired tint, i An essential feature of garage de sign Is wide eaves or overhang, which : I _ I • Concrete Block Garage. serve as a protection to the owner : from rain or dripping water when ' locking the doors during wet weather. A door at the side will be found con I venient for u*e when the car is not to be taken cat. | Garages are often heated from the house plant, although there are many small Inexpensive garage heaters | which give perfect satisfaction. A > flue for separute heuting in one of the floor pluns may be easily Included in the building. I Special care should be given to the I selection of the hardware for support ing and operating the large movable ' doors. Doors that stick and bind are a nuisance and an extra $10 spent on good hardware will more than repaj the owner in comfort and convenience. Allow for Working Space. A garage should be built to allow for plenty of working space about the cur, and even though the owner’s cur be of the smaller type, it is good econ omy to build a garage to accommodate a large car, thus untlciputing future needs. Built of concrete block, finished in stucco, a garnge is practically perma nent. Expense from repairs, painting, and insurance is reduced to a mini mum and the car owner is assured that his earjias maximum protection. STICKING OF CONE CLUTCH Usually the Result of Worn Facing— New Leather Should Remedy the Trouble. The sticking of a cone clutch may be due to a tendency of the clutch member to fit too snugly in the cone part of the flywheel. This is usually the result of worn facing of the clutch I member, caused, in turn, by burning the facing through a habit of slipping I the clutch. A new leather facing should remedy the trouble and a handy temporary solution Is to wedge broken pieces of a hack-saw blade be tween the facing and the clutch mem ber at several points on Its clrcumfer I enee. This wl’l ften smooth out a rough and stk’:!ng cone clutch. TROLLEY CAR CANNOT CHANGE ITS COURSE Dangerous Practice to Follow Street Cars Too Closely— Keep Twelve Feet Away. (By ERWIN ORP:ER, President Oreer Col lege of Automotive Engineering, Chicago.) Accidents in which automobiles fig ure with trolley cars are not the most uncommon on the list and there are several little points that If followed by the auto driver will lessen such acci dents. One of the principal tilings to keep in mind is that a trolley car runs on trucks and consequently can not change its course, so that it is up to the motor car pilot to watch out for trolleys, rather than for the motor uian to watch out for automobiles. Every day we see automobiles closely following street cure or “the rails. Tills is a very dangerous prac tice, for the auto driver has no means of knowing what instant the motor man may jam on ids brakes, and in such a case it Is almost Impossible to avoid a collision. Then there is the i.uto driver who fails to take Into consideration the fact that trolley <*ar^ are likely to turn off at corners where tracks intersect, and thus at times the motorist finds himself jammed between the trolley and the curb. Also the driver often fails to figure that when a street cur tuihs away from him on a curve the rear end is bound to swing out several feet beyond the tracks. To be safe a driver should alw'ajs stop his auto at least twelve feet be hind a standing street car, And It* no case should lie take dangefous chunces crowding in between a trMley und tlie curb. Also drivers sifiuld never attempt to pass a street car moving in the same direction, on the left side, but this is a practice that is common in many cities. BEWARE OF THE “ROAD LIFT” Prudence in City or Elsewhere baya That It Shall Neither Be Offered or Accepted. The lift on the road Is an old act of kindness. Docent people In settled or derly places offered it because they were amiable and wanted to help an other person along the way; but pru dence In a city, or elsewhere for that matter, says that it shall neither be offered nor accepted nowadays. A good deal of crime Is on wheels, says the Chicago Tribune. Crim inals are scouting the street and the country roads. The people they pick up are virtually helpless. Contrari wise, the man in a car who yields to a request for a ride may find a gun at his head In short order. The good Sa maritan may go to the hospital In a barrel. It is the ugly necessity of city life to regard a stranger as a poten tial enemy. It need not result In dis courtesy, but It says keep your guard up. Credulity often lends to an empty pocketbook and a black eye, or, In the case of a woman, to worse. TUBE REPAIR KIT ESSENTIAL One of the Most Important Acces sories for Every Motorist to Carry in His Machine. Probably one of the most Important accessories for every motorist to have In his car is a tube repair kit. If Is very much like life Insurance, In that it is no good at all until needed. When It is needed it is indispensable. This fact is particularly true when tires are punctured many miles from any repair station. Considering the kit’s small cost tire men say it is the cheapest Insurance possible against country road delays and expense AUTOMOBILE EuSSIP. A tire with low air pressure cre ates friction and causes the car to slow up. • * • A rigid shaft will bind unless th< alignment is perfect and provision In made to prevent frame deflection. DEATH ALMOST WON IN THIS RACE This photograph, caught of an engine and an automobile while both were going at high speed, shows that the auto driver who tries to beat the train to a crossing generally ends up In a hospital or undertaker's. Death was prevented from taking Its usual toll when the motorist sow Ids error Just in time. He swung his car up a steep bank, almost overturning it, and was able by a few feet to avoid a crash. Easy Way to Clean Tiro. A simple way to clean off a tire, re moving atones from the tread design as well, Is to Jack up the car, place a pan filled with water or gasoline be neath the wheel, then turn It slowly while scrubbing off. King of Speeders. Capt Vincent Curson, member of parliament, holds the demon speed record of England. He baa been con victed 16 t&naa for' exceeding the anted limit Babbitt metal is usually reamed dry, though there are times when kero sene will prove beneficial. • • • It Is necessary to depress the clutch pedal when applying dressing or clean ing the friction surfaces. • • • A faulty spark plug can be dflen mined by short circuiting It with a screwdriver. If the engine slows down during this test It la « live plug. If it does not slow down the cylinder It not firing. Fashions for the Little Tots; Straight-Line Mode Plaited FOK little girls under six years, there is nothing startlingly novel in fall styles. Their everyday dresses are still cut on straight lines, with or without separate yokes, and are made with panties to match. Ginghams, in the smallest checks, or In deep col ors with small cross-bar putterns In contrasting colors, remain the main stay of the little maid's everyday out fitting, varied by plain chambray, cot ton crepe, poplin and other strong cot ton weaves. For woolen dresses there are novelty checked materials (usually made up with collar and cuffs of a plain fabric) serge, twill, gabardine finish the bottom of skirts and panties, collars and elbow length (or shorter) sleeves. Sometimes skirts are slashed half-way up at the sides and collar* cut in scallops or deep points. Since the straight-line mode Is ap parently here to stay—at least until the appearance of the spring styles—de signers must find new ways and mean* for keeping within the fashion and at the same time give their creation* a desirable degree of individuality. I* recent showings of fall street suits and day dresses there is an awakening In terest in plaiting and, for the pres ent fashion, there Is nothing that Little Tots' Dresses of Gingham. and the like. Browns—those verging on red preferred—greens, soft blues nnd bright reds are prominent in colors nnd quaint, colorful embroideries in pleasant designs, make appropriate adornments for dresses of plain ma terials. Velveteen Is occasionally rep resented. Whatever the material, lines remain simple and straight, as In the two little dresses of checked gingham shown In the picture. The little frock at the left has a narrow yoke, with the body of the dress shirred in two rows at the top, and attached to it. The I seems more effective than this method of varying the straight-line costume. ! The dress shown at the left la I example In blue crepe with narrow | box plaits that start at the shoulder line and continue to the hem of the skirt. Bodice and skirt are ornamented with rows of pearl buttons and a belt of the material holds In the fullness at the low waist line. At the right la a model In a new figured wool which follows the general lines of the straight silhouette, but is modified to give a seml-drnped effect. The plait Plaited Fall Street Dresses. half-length sleeves nre set In and fin ished with detachable cuffs that match the collar. These may all be of white linen or cotton or In o plain color. Very small and simple flower motifs are embroidered on the collar with colored floss- and repeuted on the yoke. Tiny pearl buttons and cat stitching make a finish for the shirred yoke in the dress at the right which has a short front opening. The panties drop over an elastic band at the knees, but In the other model are finished with a hand of the gingham. Taffeta and crepe de chine continue to hold first place in the esteem of de signers, for party frocks which are also made up with matching panties. Nar row, fluted ruffles or plcot-edged frills, put on In double or even triple rows, I ing In this case Is confined to the front of the skirt. This dress shows the tendency toward longer sleeves and the use of lace as a dress trlm ! mlng. Plaiting is not confined to suits aaJ dresses lu the new styles. Sports coats are shown with wide box plaits at the back or sides. Fur coats Uavo inverted plaits made of fur contrast ing with that of the coat and hats have trimmings of plaited ribbon, either wide or narrow, in the form of cuff* flanges, brims, bows and rosettes. <©. 1923, Weatern Newspaper Union.) Garden of Halrbowa. Hustle, butterfly# and rosette hair bows head the list In popularity with very young girls. There are only a few, however, of the many different types of halrbows now appearing on the heads of the daughters of fashion. There are bows for blondes, bows for brunettes, for Titan-haired maids, and maids who coma tinder no particular class. Whether the hair Is bobbed or long, straight or curly, there Is a bow for every head, so that a group of chil dren presents a far more attractive ap> pea ranee now than formerly when heads were bare of ornament. Dainty Lingerie. Extremely dainty and very reason able Is the new lingerie of pastel tinted voile trimmed with very narrow, tine white tape. 1 Silk Scarf a. Silk scarfs in plain colors and In elaborately woven or dyed pattens are worn with the knitted sweater con tinues and sports soil.