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Tucker Says Truman Received No Mandate From People To Repeal Taft-Hartley Act
DAILY BIBLE QUOTATION "Fear God and keep hi* commandment*: for Ihi* is the whole duty of man." Eccl. 12:13. This month's daily Bible quotations are suggested by the Rev. C. S. Grogan, pastor of the Church of God in Roanoke Rapids. State Education Board Plans For Higher Salaries Are Commended In its first editorial as a daily, THE HERALD said it would always be found on the side of better schools and better teachers. In accord with this objective, we are delighted to support the proposals of the state board of edu cation to set minimum salaries at $2,400 for teach ers without, $3,600 for teachers with certificates and $3,900 for teachers with graduate certificates. The teacher actually plays a more important part in the life of a child than the doctor or the dentist yet the average teacher’s compensation, even with this new schedule will be only 35 to 50 percent of the average compensation of doctors and dentists. The new salaries, in other words, can hardly be rated qc “Vncrh ” In the past we have mistakenly thought of edu cation primarily as “information.” A knowledge of ‘ritin’, readin’ and rithmetic. These tools are import ant and the educational system falls down when it fails in this field. But the teacher has even vital functions. Second ly only to the parents, and the clergy, the teacher has the duty to build among his pupils a sound mental attitude toward life. As merely one example of the importance of mental attitude, scientists have now discovered that even accidents may actually be caused by mental attitude. Many persons are “prone” to ac cidents, insurance companies find. By instinct, such persons court accidents. They “want” to be injured. Either they fail to get their hand out of the ma chine in time or they may even stick their hand into the machine, and they may do so without knowing it is their wish to have the hand injured. Persons of this type represent failure in the school, as well as the home and the church to in culate the proper attitude toward life. The school is being forced to assume immensely greater respon sibilities for personal happiness. One hundred years ago, the teacher was the most important person in the community. The best brains were attracted to the teaching profession. A returrn in that direction is needed. The proposals of the state board of education are to be commended. Failure Of Experts On Election Leads One To Some Wonderment The complete failure of professional journalists and radio commentators to accurately gauge public opinion in connection with the Presidential contest leads one to wonder whether the same gentlemen might not be equally mistaken in connection with other views assiduously promoted. The professional poll-takers, who claim to have scientific methods of determining what the people are thinking, have been thoroughly discredited by the results of the election. Not one of them gave Presi dent Truman a chance for re-election and, on the basis of their past successes in forecasting election results, led many people to the erroneous conclusion that Mr. Truman and the Democrats were to be the. victims of a great Republican landslide. These errors, on the part of both classes of in dividuals, naturally shake the confidence of the pub lic in what they read and what they hear. In our • opinion this is a good thing. There is entirely too much space given in the press to the printing of opinion-news. The same observation applies to time on the air. After all, opinions may be interesting but they are not a substitute for news and we hope that the lesson of the Presidential election will lead the press and the radio to a more intelligent effort to report what happens instead of what somebody think will happen. THE ROANOKE RAPIDS Bailij and Smndaij Herald Roanoke Rapids, N. C., Sunday, November 14. 1948 PUBLISHED every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning by the Herald Printing Co.. Inc., in Roanoke Rapids N C. Roanoke Rapids, the fastest growing city in North Carolina, Is the capital of a Five County Empire with a population of 160,000 and a buying power of 60 million dollars. MILTON 1. WICK .. -- President and Editor GUY M. LEEDY - Publisher and General Manager WILLIAM A. McCLUNG ..Managing Editor WILLIAM L. DAVEY . City Editor DON HALL --............- Advertising Manage? MIRL CROSBY -———.. Circulation Manager EDWARD O. ELMORE -...- Commercial Manager MORRIS S. LANCASTER _ Mechanical Superintendent SUHSUHlHilON HATES CARRIER DELIVERY. Payable to carrier—30c a week. No monthly or other rate is made (We are not responsible for advance payments made to carriers) MAIL RATER Payable la Advance Carolines and Virginia All Other States 1 year -$9.50 I year _$11.00 0 months - 7.75 9 months _ 9 90 0 months _$5.00 8 months ___$ 8 IK) 3 months —_$2.75 3 months _$ 3.50 1 month _$1.00 I month ____1 1 25 Entered as Second Class matter. April 3rd. 1914. at the Post Office of Roanoke Rapids North Carolina, under Act ot. March 3rd. 1879 National Advertising Representative Fred Kimball. Inc.—67 W. 44th St. New York City: 389 N Michigan Ave., Chicago. 111.; 131 W. Lafayette St. Detroit Mich.; 1213 Chest out St. Philadelphia. Pa. sSrP t .elk. The Unseen Audience : : : : •* •’ BY H- t. webster ____ DID You USTe/J To -TPl' 3ASCBALU BROADCASTS last suai^sr r NO. I 0ONT SMOKE, I AN1 we don't EAT BREAKFAST^ FOOD- —v MADE me FEEL Too ( V GUILTY. LISTEN IN To EM' / /, , I / I ■.1 / •. • ' ’ ■ »»«. Nw H...U T..b..« l»c( !-~5- _ Thompson Answers Objections To Her Proposals For A Peaceful Settlement Willi Soviet Russia Dorothy Thompson Objections will be raised to my proposals for a settlement with Russia. It will be said, “This is noth ing but power politics.” But states are powers, and refusal to recognize the realities of power relationships largely is re sponsible for the last two wars. In order to be able to achieve anything beyond power politics, and without another war, the powers must be brought into e quilibrim. It may be said that these pro posals “by-pass the United Na tions.” But the United Nations is not something apart from the powers and above the battle. It is the powers, and is1 as united as they are. It is said that I have disre garded ideologies. That is not true. If a great power is con vinced that its survival requires the subjection of the world to its ideology and to itself as the Rome and Mecca of that ideo logy. hopes of peace are vain for that is, in itself, a declara tion of war. But Communist the ory does not demand such a course, and historically the So viets often have disciplined the Comintern in the interests of Russian security. It is said that it is impossible to trust the Russians. Ours is no such proposal. Satisfactory relations between states are not based on “trust.” The first in terest and duty of every state is to defend iis own security and provide for its survival. No state can, or should, trust any other state which is in a position to destroy it, nor permit any other state to achieve such a position. These proposals aim to create a situation wnere neither the U. S. S. R. nor the U. S. A. could' destroy the other. Only when that is achieved w;ll there be a condition conducive to trust. It is said by some that as long as the U. S. S. R. survives and flourishes, the rest of the world will not be saf* from commun ism. But the destruction of the Soviet Union would not destroy communism, which originated in Western Europe, and all states have jurisdiction over their own subversive elements. Communist subversion is intensified by the tenson between the U. S. S. R. and the West. No utopianist will like these proposals. They do not promise that the world will be made ex clusively safe for democracy, captialism. communism or any other way of life, nor assure the Four Freedoms everywhere on earth.” But in the past century, it would seem that the idealists have brought far more misery to humanity,/than the statesmen who have dealt with reality and recognized p< litics as the art of the possible. Woodrow Wilson, a great i dealist, who believed peace de manded self-determination for small nationalities, did not rea lize that it takes more than a homogenous population to make a state, and that in the area where the Drinciple should be applied no states with homoge nous populations were possible. The power of all the states thus created was fictional, not one of them retained its indepen dence, and their weakness con tributed to Hitler's adventurism —and Stalin's. No proposals are made regard ing disarmament, which would be unwise until a satisfactory power structure has been creat ed and tested. An armament race is not the cause, but the result of political tensions. Nothing would be gained from proposals to the Soviets unless or until our strength is equal or superior to theirs, taking into account all factors. If the So viets should turn down a pro position which puts the protec tion of their security on an e qual level with that of Europe and ourselves, we should anti cipate war. But the onus, then, would be entirely upon them , clear enough for all the world to set* and not, as at present, confused. State Employees Continue To Ask For Increases In Salary By Lynn Nisbet OVERWORKED: The advi sory budget commission has heard much during the past few weeks, as its predecessors have for years, about state employ ees leaving North Carolina be cause of lower salaries here, or because they can do so much better in private employ than working for the state. For that reason almost every agency, in stitution and department asks for more than anticipated uni form salary raises. There is suspicion in some quarters that this particular appeal has been overworked. It is not being em phasized as much this year as it was during preparation of the 1947 budget. There is good rea son for the lessened emphasis. Fewer people are leaving state employ. There are not so many chances for iargei money with less work as were available dur ing and immediately after the shooting war. NORMAL: One faithful atten dant at all cudget hearings said he has never been impressed by the argument. He notes that it is a perfectly normal condi tion for many state employees to seek not onlv better pay but more opportunity for advance ment in outside industry. He am pilliea n l s pos'uon d y sayins that the state does a good job of training men for executive leadership. V/hen there are three or four good mer ir subordinate positions, and only one place at the top, two or three of them have to leave or stagnate. Sim ilar changes are constantly be ing made among non-govern mental employees and for the same reason. INCREASE: State salar ies will be raised by the next legislature. Just how much no body knows yet. Indications are there may be, as has been the case in the past, a graduated scale which will approximate a total of 20 to 25 percent in the aggregate salary account. That will make 1949 salaries just a bout double the scale which pre vailed in 1941, more than double in some classifications. With in creased costs in other items— such as maintenance and re pairs, travel, fuel and food for institytjons, tne general fund ap propriations this year "will have to be three times or more the 1941 amount FIVE-DAY: The five - day week for state offices is accord ed slim chance m the next gen eral assembly. Tne state em ployees^ association is backing the proposal and almost certain ly will sponsor a bill to effect uate it. On the other hand, the idea is frowned upon by Gov ernor Kerr Scotl. who dislikes it even more than Governor Cherry Interviews with mem - bers of the advisory budget com mission discloses very scant sympathy for the plan. The two employee groups, one composed of highway workers and the oth er ipgde up from the rest of the departments, are both sup porting proposition to separate personnel supervision from the budget bureau. Out the highway workers are not keen for the five-day week program. SERVICE: Governor Scott puts his reason for opposing all day closing on Saturday in very simple words. He says: “The people of North Carolina are paying for full time service and they are entitled to it.” That is essentially the same position taken by Governor Cherry when he declined to support the 1947. bill for a five day week. CLERKS: Second in im portance only to the presiding officers are the principle clerks of Senate and House. So far as can be learned Ray Byerly. vet eran of many senate sessions, will have no opposition for that post. Mrs. Annie Cooper, prin cipal clerk of the house for the past two assemblies and a part of the 1943 session is facing op position in the person of Wal ter Lee Horton, long time em ployee of t^e motor veb;'de de partment. Horton has written all of the Democratic members elect soliciting support. HANDS-OFf : Although some effort has been trade to involve Governor Scott in the matter the governor has stated he re-' gards that as sole prerogative of the house, and that he has not and will not attempt to in fluence any votes. Mrs. Cooper has a record of efficiency and is personally very popular with members, having served as jour nal clerk for several years be fore being promoted to the top place. Because she worked i n ’ Johnson headquarters during the primary some people had as sumed Governor S' ott might at tempt to block her re-election. The new governor has made it clear he will take no such atti tude. SPEAKERS HI P. Some months ago it was reported that a group of Scctt people were seeking a candidate for Speak er against Kerr Craige Ramsay of Rowan, who has been the leading contender since adjourn ment of the last assembly. Scott let it be known then, as he has with respect to the Clerkship, he felt that was a matter for the house members To date no op position has developed to Ram say and it is- commonly conced ed he will preside over the next house. In fact, he is already be ing pestered by persons seeking appointive jobs -n the house or ganization. PRESIDENT PKOTEM: The situation in the Senate is reverse of that in the house. Close con test is expected between Julian Allsbrook of Halifax and J. C. Pittman of Lee ror the presiden cy pro tem of the senate. Both men claim alimst enough com mitments to guarantee winning, but neither can be quite sure about his standing. Points To Fact That Dewey Received # 133 Electoral Votes From Labor States Every Sunday this veteran Washington correspondent an swers readers' questions of general interest <n national and international policies and personalities. Questions may be sent directly to Ray Tuck er at 6308 Hillcresl Place, Che vy Chase, Maryland. Br Ray Tucker WASHINGTON: Nov. 13— Many readers show extraordi nary curiosity as to whether the outcome of the Presidential and Congressional contests can be interpreted as a mandate for immediate and outright repeal of the Taft-Hartley Law. They recall C.at President Truman highlighted an appeal for wiping this legislation off the books. Answer: I do not believe that a careful analysis of the state by-state voting warrants such an interpretation, although one of the President’s first explana tions of his triumph was:‘‘Labor did it.” RURAL: Governor Dewev/ rolled i’n 133 of his total 189 electoral ballots in the highly industrialized commonwealths of Connecticut! New York, New •T''r.e,r. Pern ’dvania. Dela ware, Maryland and Michigan. their campaign against .the Re publican nominee in this terri torv. The only great industrial states which he lost, and even these have a larger rural popu lation than urban, were Illinois and Ohio, with 53 electoral votes. On the other hand, he ran second in such agricultural sections as Iowa, Colorado, Minnesota and Wisconsin, where anti-union feeling was supposed to run high. v High farm prices, together - with the fact that they had be gun to fall off during the later stages- of the campaign, ap parentlv influenced the farmers more than their supposed op position to the T-H legislation. MODIFICATION: ^ view of such an alignment it is hard to regard the result as 'repudiation of this statute. There is also the fact that enougn original sup porters of the law fiave been returned to block repeal in both chambers, unless there is a tre mendous shift of sentiment. But perusal of these statistics may prevent any wholesale turnover. It is possible however, that certain provisions may be mod ified. Even Mr. Dewey suggest ed that he might have called a conference of management, la bor and government officials to study the need for modification. FACE: ‘What are politicians made of—stone or brass? How can the men who tried to ditch President Truman at Philadel phia ever look him in the face again?” Answer: There is only one answer to this explosive out burst from R.O. of Columbus,O. Most of them have a great deal of "stone and brass” in their makeup, or they would not sur vive in the political rough-and tumble. Frank Hague of New Jersey, for instance, declared in 1932 that Franklin D. Roosevelt would be an ignominious loser, and forecast a* Philadelphia that Mr. Truman would lose V New Jersey by 300.000. But the Jersey City boss made a Roman spectacle o* the Presi dent’s visit to his barony. Ditto Jake Arvoy of Chicago. Many of the Truman cheer® leaders at the “Welcome home party at the Capital were lead ers of the rebellious southern movement. In fact, several climbed aboard the train sever al hundred miles out so as to share the victor’s triumph. The ordinary amenities of normal human relationships just do not prevail in practical politics. In no walk of life,, perhaps, is there such general* and realistic practice of the biblical injunction: “Forgive thine enemies.’’ BASSES: “In view of the fact that Mr. Truman would have won even without the support of the so-called political bosses-,” writes A.M. of Brook lyn, “what future do they have ahead of them?” ^ Answer: Frankly, I think th^ five successive victories of F.D. R. and Mr. Truman demon strate that the old-fashioned, vote-gathering politico is almost extinct, at least temporarily. The most powerful voting groups today appear to be the workingmen, the farmers, the veterans, the small business men, women and certain pro fessional groups such as schools teachers, medicos of all kinds!® They /ire more susceptible to issues affecting their security or livelihood than to partisan shib boleths or the crack-down of a political boss. With the federal government furnishing them so much sus tenance from the cradle to the grave, they can afford to thumb their noses at ward heelers and clubhouse leaders who cannot match Uncle Sam’s assortment of benefits, subsidies and per quisites. BENEFICIARIES: Many G. I.’s and former soldiers ask how to change the name of the bene ficiaries of their wartime insur ance policies. Some have mar ried since signing up and others have become divorced. Another group still in service want trw make a change because of th*r prospect that they may soon be4', sent overseas. ; Answer: Write to the Vet erans Administration office to which you are sending your premiums. Give the number of your policy, and explain clearly the change which you desire to ; make, giving the rame of the i new beneficiary. If possible, go 1 to the nearest Veterans Admin istration contact office, and*' make the revision there. If you j are s-till in the service, consult your personal affairs’ officer. It is important that benefi ciary changes- be made if cir cumstances necessitate it. Gov- i ernment insurance cannot be transferred from one benefi ciary to anothe* by will without long delay and litigation that might eat up a large portion of the principal. .1 Seniority System Will Work Again In Congress Committee Appointments By James Marlow . Washington, —(AP)— Once again you are about to see at work a system whereby a man gets Daid off on his mere ability to stick around not on his gen eral ability. That’s the senoiity system in congress. Under it, a man who has served longest on a committee automatically moves up to be cona“ chn’rittan even though other more recent committee members may be smarter at the job. This will happen when the new Congress the 81st, takes over in 1919—and the Democrats who have a majority and will run Congress, start setting up their committees (It worked th*» same with the Republicans when they won a majority in the 1948 elections.) The Democrats will have a maioritv on every committee. A few Republicans, wall have to drop off. and a few more Demo crats will be Id'led. Then the Democrat Who has •* been on each - committee long- , est becomes chairman. (This year tht rule may be broken a bit if the Democrat want to get tough with some of their fellow Democrats from the South who opposed. President ; Truman’s election. There’s 9 o’lance some of * them may be deprived of a top committee sp.ot. bat-, right pow ; thorp’s no certainty that will hap pen.) ♦ But the importance of the committee chai-manshiD cannot ‘ be over-stressed. It’s a key spot in Congress ' Those committees examine every bill that’s introduced in Congress. They can, in effect, kill a bill by ignoring it alto gether. And the chairman is in a prime position to make that decision. He can practically stick it in his pocket to keep the other committee members from act ing on it. Or the committee can hol<7 hearings on a bill and twist and change it before it-reaches the full house and senate for debate and vote. When the debate starts, a bill whifch a committee put together can be amended oi changed on the floor, but pretty generally the house and senate follow their committee’s thinking. So a committee chairman, tt he wants, can throw a big har* Doon into some of the promises President Truman and his de mocrats made 'n the campaign. But what if there are two ' men on a committee who start- * ed on it the same day, maybe ! 10 or 15 years ago, and have been serving on it since? Then, won’t the one with the better ability be elected chair man? No. The seniority system is rigid on that. If Andy Adams and Billy Bell were the two men A*v!v Adams would become chairman. Why? Because, even though they had both started on the committee* years ago and . even though Adams may have paid little attention to the corrtJ ' mittee—his name alphabetically is ahead of BeU s. So Adanjtf gets the joo. ^ The new Democratic senator from Tennessee Estes Kefauver has a few s^aio words to say about the seniority system. Before his election to the Sen ate last week Kefauver had been a member ot the house— and of House committees — A nr ago he wrote a book- I “A Twentieth Century Congress — to point out somft of the think he thinks are wrong with Co# gress.