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Tucker: Dispersal Of Factories In Case Of An Atom War Is The Principal Problem
DAILY BIBLE QUOTATION “Children, obey your parents !n the Lord, for this Is right. Eph. 6: 1 j Thie month's daily Bible quotations are suggested by the Rev. C. S. Grogan, pastor of the Church of God in Roanoke Rapids. Precautions Against Fire Hazards In Yule Decorations Are Urged A number of people are planning for window or outdoor illuminations and nearly everyone is plan ning to have a decorated Christmas tree during the coming holiday season. Before the holidays are over, there will be a lot of homes in which costly fires will occur because of the holiday decorations. They are pretty to look at, but they can be dangerous. Simple precautions can save a lot of homes from Christmas-decoration fires. The National Safety Council has suggested a few simple rules to protect home owners against holiday fire hazards. They are easy to follow and may be well worth the effort. Make certain your tree Is fastened with a wire or cord to at least two points on the wall to prevent its being pushed over by children. If the children help to trim the tree, the lower limbs should be reserved for their efforts. Do not, under any circumstances, use cotton or paper for decoration on the tree or around 44 Get Christmas tree lights out of storage well in advance. Look over the wires and examine each socket carefully. If the socket is broken, if any bare metal is visible where the wires enter the socket the socket should be cut out of the string and replaced with a new one. If metal foil “icicles” are used, avoid the possi bility of a short circuit by being careful not to allow the metal to come in contact with any lighting sockets or fixtures. Do no attach too many light string to one outlet. A blown fuse is usually the sign of a dangerous over load. Lighted candles should never be used on the Christmas tree or any other decorations. The tree should be placed well away from the fireplace or any other location where it is exposed to sparks or strong heat. Tissue wrappings should also be kept away from heat. On Christmas morning it is always a wise idea to provide a large basket, box or carton for the gift wrappings removed from the presents. The wrap pings should be removed from the room as soon as possible after the gifts have been opened. The National Board of Fire Underwriters suggest other Christmas safety hints. They say the addition of a switch some distance from the tree rather than a plug for turning lights off and on is a safe measure. They also suggest not leaving the tree lights burning when no one is at home, inspect the tree to see wheth er any of the needles near the lights have started to turn brown, and if so, change the location of the lights. When the needles start falling, it is a good idea to take the tree down and discard it. THE READERS COURTROOM By Will Bernard, LL. B. (Q) MAY AN OLD HORSE BE CONDEMNED TO DEATH WITHOUT A “TRIAL?” (A) A farm hand hitched two old horses to a wagon and set out for town to buy some sup plies. But as the wagon enter ed the town’s outskirts, a hu mane society officer spotted fhe weary beasts and halted the wa gon. He unhitched the horses, led them to headquarters, and promptly had them “put out of their misery.” When the farmer found out what had happened, he sued the officer for damages. The officer said his action was authorized by law, but the court held the law unconstitutional and made him pay damages. The judge said the horses should not have been condemned until af ter a fair hearing, at which time the farmer would have had a chance to tell his side of the story. THE ROANOKE RAPIDS Daily and Sunday Meralft Roanoke Rapids, N. C., Thursday, December 2, 1948 PUBLISHED every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning by the Herald Printing Co., Inc., in Roanoke Rapids N. C. Roanoke Rapids, the fastest growing city in North Carolina, is the capita] of a Five County Empire with a population of 160,000 and a buying power of 60 million dollars. MILTON I. WICK . ..................... President and Editor WILLIAM A. McCLUNG ...................._Managing Editor WILLIAM L. DAVEY ___ City Editor pop, -— Advertising Manager MIRL CROSBY-- Circulation Manager ..Commercial Manager MORRIS Se LANCASTER ............ Mechanical Superintendent SUBSCRIPTION RATES CARRIER DELIVERY, Payable to carrier—30* a week. No monthly or other rate is made (We are not responsible for advance payments made to carriers) MAIL RATES. Payable la Advance Carolina* and Virginia All Other States 1 year -$9.30 1 year _$11.00 9 months- 7.75 9 months__ 9.50 8 months---$5.00 6 months _$ 8.00 3 months --—-$2.75 3 months _$ 3.50 1 month-$1.00 1 month __$ 1.23 Bttered as Second Class matter. April 3rd. 1914. at the Post Office of Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, under Act ot March 3rd, 1879. lAnSlnainl 1 J-»'B__a_at_ Irrad Kimball, Inc.—67 W. 44th St, New York City; 369 N. Michigan I St. Datroit Mich.; 1213 CheM- | RUNNING OUT > • fl Pegler Points Finger At Ed Leech For Making A Self-Accusing But Self-Accusing Pass At The Press By Westbrook Pegler (Copyright, 1948, King Features Syndicate, Inc.) Ed Leech, an editor in Roy Howard’s chain, has made a self accusing but self-excusing pass at some habits which he regards as faults of our daily journalism, which remains, in all, the great est free press in the world. Mr. Leech is an old jail-bird who used to get himself locked up for contempt by sassing local judges when he was a brash young circuit-rider on the o 1 d Scripps-McRae chain. This fate was not necessarily as painful as you might think because Scripps-McRae editors didn’t eat very high on the hog and I some times suspected that Ed saved up his impudence until he got to honing for some of that lus cious county slum. I used to laugh back there in the early phases of the New Deal when the Bolos circulated propa ganda that Old Man Scripps had been a great, roaring liberal whereas Howard was some kind of Tory. I worked for Scripps all the way from Denver to London and I am telling you he was the tightfistedest old mangrinder this side of Frank Munsey. He was, moreover, a boozing, bull dozing tyrant who somehow had us young sprouts on coolie wag es believing that we were con secrated to the cause of Labor. This emotion which we took for idealism turned to cynicism in every man I knew except Ed Meeman, of Memphis, and our grail, when we found it, was on ly a growler, after all, and emp ty at that. Actually How’ard was much more liberal than Scripps ever had been. But he was always trying to appease the Com - munists and bleeders by printing their propaganda in more ef ficient and truculent language than he allowed himself. I hadn’t the wisdom in those early days to detect the wickedness of the Wagner Act, but I learned soon er than he and began pointing at this one and that one in the union rackets and yelling “thief”, “murderer” and “bro thel-keeper” and spelling out names. Roy used to ask me please to write nice about a clean union some time, but I couldn’t find any. I have since heard of two little A. F. of L. unions that are clean, but that Is a puny percentage which a chemist would call a trace. Any thing so overwhelmingly bad as our unionism is rotten, that’s all. Ed Leech works around t o “columnists and so-called ex perts of all sorts” as the kick Ing-boys of the recent embar rassment when we all went wrong, including the wife and daughter of Harry S. Truman. And then he takes comfort in the fact that “with few excep tions, editorial opinions were ex pressed more tolerantly and calmly than on many previous occasions.” In the first place, every pre diction, whether by Gallup, Ro per or a horse-track handicap per, is only a fallible opinion based on information carefully weighed. There are degrees of wrongness, however, and those who picked Dewey were wrong by only 40,000 votes, which, nice ly placed in Ohio and Illinois, would have given him 53 more electorals and Truman 53 fewer. They were wrong by one-tenth of one per cent, or 40,000 in forty million. I deal in news as an initiative reporter and in the interpreta tion or application of such in formation. Much of my news has disclosed corruption, brutality and Communism in unions, graft circle and the mental condition of Bubblehead Wallace. The ex planation of this sudden moral inventory and decision to repu diate “columnists” seems to be that the news got too hot to handle. They are afraid Truman will be a Huey Long in the White House and send Tom Clark after them. On the subject of editorial pol icy and vehemence, I am a solid * man. This election was no time for tolerance and calmness and the issues were exciting, not sooth ing. The candidate who was tol verant and calm was licked whereas the one who said he was going to give them hell and fin ally got so low-down, ornery and raucous that Barnie Baruch called him a rude, uncouth, ig norant man, was elected Presi dent. The hell-raiser now has the business people, many of the publishers and millions of citi zens scared half to death. Mr. T. therefore was called a traitor to waa a real mean those last few days. He snarled. He showed a lot of white-eye. If you want to be an editorial force for public service you have got to expound intolerant opin ions of wrong, no matter what resolutions be adopted by vest pocket rackets run by members of the political power which you are fighting. For 30 years, William Ran dolph Hearst has fought Com munism. Much of the time he was ridiculed by tolerant, calm months, what with the Berlin blockade and the tragic confes sions of Jimmy Byrnes, rushing history shows that Mr. Hearst was right. He was against our first war with Germany as our first step toward disaster. He fought Woodrow Wilson and the New York Tribune and its Mo ther Country Cult so fiercely that he had to suffer boycotts that would have made most others quit cold. He was fighting for unions and labor’s rights and his class long before anyone heard of F. D. Roosevelt. A double-jointed editorial pol icy is no policy at all. Howard tried that with Heywood Broun, and the customers thought Broun was writing the real edit orial policy. Anyway, he certain ly smothered the real policy, whatever it was. You have got to take a stand on great politi cal and moral questions and maintain it, loud, and you can’t make bad news nice by phrasing it sweetly or kill it by sweeping the Guru letters under the rug. Thompson Notes Distinction Made By Russians Regarding Tito Followers Dorothy Thompson It is a journalistic habit in wri ting of Eastern Europe to des cribe Tito and the Communists who share his ideas, such as Gomulka in Poland, as “nationalists,” while those unde viatingly serving Moscow are called “internationalists.” This is indiscriminate and in accurate. Marshal Tito is just as much of an “internationalist” as Marshal Stalin — no more, no Jess. Neither man has any no tion about civilization and culture or what is necessary to their pro tection and survival and without such a notion no one can be a nationalist. Each is bent on destroying the peasantry, the farmers who in every country, without exception, are the last stronghold of the na tional tradition, turning them in to wage slaves under job-hold ing straw bosses in agricultural factories. Each cuts off every head that raises itself abo,Te the servile level—whether in poli tics, the arts or the science, thus destroying all the natural leader ship which normally revivifies a nation, and assures its cultural continuity and survival. An or ganization consisting exclusively of serfs and job holders is not a nation anyhow; it is a state vora ciously devouring society, and with it the nation. Neither Stalin nor Tito is an inter-nationalist either, if that word has any meaning. The foundation of inter-nationalism is respect for nationality, for idi osyncrasy, and the desire to es tablish between states and socie ties harmonious relationships which permit and protect such idiosyncracies. All "total” states produce an identical pattern: A job-holding class, protected by an every where present police, devouring the substance produced by an en slaved people unable to cry, “Stop Thiefi” because the police are the protectors of thieves. All that differentiates "nations" un der such a system is the language they speak, and the faces on the icons they carry on placards as symbols of the visible power. And if everybody is saying the same thing, idiosyncrasy of lang uage is meaningless too. Event ually, there is no language—only • slogans, the barks tof the tamed herd. No, the struggle between Stalin and Tito is only a struggle for * personal power and the forerun ner of further struggles for such power. Before the creation of the new Communist states there wag only one Communist state “Power"-the Soviet Union. Army,Navy and Air Experts Work On Problem In Hush-Husli Planning By Ray Tucker WASHINGTON: Dec. 1 — The formulation of detailed plans for the dispersal and protection of key war factories, transportation lines, power plants and ports as a safeguard against possible atomic war has become the prin cipal problem now before the Army, Navy and Air experts en , trusted with the national secur ity assignment. Although a hush hush project, their general thoughts on the subject are now known. The question has not assumed to-drawer importance because of the imminence of a conflict with Russia, which is not expected to have even an experimental bomb for at least five years. It has become an immediate issue only because reorganiza - tion and possible relocation of our industrial strongholds will be a long, tedious and difficult pro cess, and failure to prepare for an atomic attack would be dis astrous, if not fatal, for so in dustrialized a nation as the Unit ed States. DISTURBED: Although the preparedness staff has given great thought to the problem, it is known that certain members of Senate and House are dis turbed over the lack of practical progress. It is probable that Senator Brien F. McMahon of Connecti cut, who sponsored the program for civilian development of cos mic energy at a time when it was regarded only as a weapon of war, will insist on a nation wide survey designed to make us as impregnable as possible against atomic crippling of our industrial and economic ma - chine. FORTIFIED: The atomic specialists have made the sur prising discovery that, contrary to general opinion, no country In better fortified against Bikini blasts than the United States. Tight little England, for i n stance, could be eliminated as an economic or military powder iwemy oomos. Russia’s concentration of heavy industry, transportation and water power within a trian gular area in her western sec tion makes her peculiarly vulner able. Fifty blows like that which flattened Hiroshima and Naga saki would destroy her war po tential, according to present cal culations. World War 11 contributed to partial dispersion of our key in dustries, such as steel, alumi num, airplanes and power. Al though it has been bitterly at tacked by steel and cement men, the Supreme Court’s decision against the basing-point system of selling may accelerate the movement for dispersion of heavy industry’s production units. California has already be come a rival of Pittsburg and Birmingham. , EMIGRATION: Airplanes and their vital parts are now manu factured in Connecticut, Michi* gan, Washington and Oregon, Kansas, Texas and California. Aluminum is turned out in quan tities in a half dozen states from Pennsylvania to California. Au tomobiles, tanks and trucks, to gether with all the vehicles re quired by the military, pour out from plants which litter the countryside. Increasing railroad rates have given a stimulus to hauling by trucks, which are less vulner - able to bombing or an atomic bombardment than fixed rail lines. High urban taxes and liv ing costs have given impetus to a suburban movement in which individuals, hospitals, factories, supply houses, processing plants and even retail outlets have par ticipated. Thus, for industrial military or economic reasons, both con sciously and unconsciously, we have shifted our economy to the open c untryside. The emigra tion leaves us far more immune to atomic blitzkriegs than Eng land, France, Russia or any oth er nation. CONCENTRATION: Neverthe less, hives of industrial concen i[ n nun i ciiidiii uuu iiiusi teniBUi. Although Detroit, for instance, relies on thousands of subcon tra ctors in the hinterland, the cars, tanks, trucks, halftracks etc. must be manufactured there and then shipped to assembly centers we are peculiarly vulner able to atomic flattening. The same consideration ap plies to o u r harbors, railroad yards, atomic bomb plants, po wer centers and seats of gov ernment, especially Washington. It may be possible to locate these facilities underground, or portions of them, fifty years from now, but not in the foresee able future. MINIMUM! A, th« national * defense experts explore this ba sic problem, there is only one solution. Each headquarters for the production, transportation and shipment abr ad of war ma terials — Detorit, intermediate railroads and New York harbor, as specific examples-must ba transformed into a "baby Gib raltar.” They must be rimmed with air- t fields possessing our most mo aern pursuit ana Domoing planes. They must have a suffi cient number of the best trained and equipped ground troops, re inforced by planes and artillery, to repulse any Air-borne r land army. They must have a civi lian defense force for neutralis ing atom bomb destruction, ma terial and human. The most vital offices and personnel must have underground refuges for times of crisis. quirements, according %o up-to date studies, t is this phase of the problem which will require special study and acti n at the next Congress, as Senator Mo Nahon and other members will probably propose. Nisbet Calls Attention To Fact That Farm Production Costs Are High, Too By Lynn Nisbet COSTS—Much publicity has been given the fact that farm crop prices during the past few months have hit all-time high levels. This has been accepted in some quarters as proof the farmers are profiteering and get ting rich. Now, somewhat be latedly and with less fanfare, comes information on farm pro duction costs and other items which tend to show that while agriculture generally has pros pered, the high prices received are by no means all “gravy.” Production costs have gone up much faster than market prices on farm produce. COMPLEX— Figuring produc tion cost of farm produce is one of the most complex mathemati cal johs confronting accountants. First of all is reasonable return on investment values. Land prices have hit an all-time high and so whether owned or rented the cost of land devoted to crops is more than ever before, and consequently more dollars are required to show appropriate in terest on investment. Farm labor owner does the work himself or hires a hand, the prevailing wage rate enters into production cost. RELATIVE—The record, as quoted by State College experts, shows farm prices advanced 20 percent from 1946 to 1947; but farm production costs for the same period advanced 22 per cent. For the first eight months of this year farm prices jump ed another seven percent; but production costs went up 14 per cent during that same eight 0 months. Farmers have more mo ney than ever before, but they by no means have all the money they handle. Recent federal gov ernment figures showed the farmer got 53 cents of the food dollar spent by industrial work ers. When that 53 cents is charg ed with land rent, cost of n«d and fertilizer, and reasonable wage for the farmer, it is found that the farmer is still behind the industrial-worker in net in come. These relative factors en ter into compilation of farm re ceipts and cost figures and add to complexities involved in the calculations. EXAMPLE—Here's a story which illustrates the point Your reporter heard it, has not check ed for complete accuracy, but it sounds reasonable. A farmer died, leaving several hundred acres of land and two sons. One of the boys bought the in terest of the other for $5,000 which left him with investment of $10,000 in the farm. The bro ther who sold out went to town, got a job as a machinist at $2.00 an hour, which with over time earnings yielded him a lit tle above $5,000 a year in cash income. The brother who staved at home grew a good crop of tobacco which he sold for some thing more than $8,000. Besides that he had other produce from his farm. So the machinist start ed griping. He had made only $5,000 that year while his broth er made more than $8,000. The machinist hadn’t figured the in terest on his $5,000 farm sale money, or the comparable re turn on his brother’s $10,000 in vestment. When accounts were balanced it was found that if the farmer-brother charged $5,000 for his time, added the expenses of hired labor, fertili zer, cost of machinery (on wear and tear replacement, not origin al cost, basis) and other cost items, he came out about $800 below the machinist' in real in come—although he had handled more than twice as much money. PROFIT — Which proves that sale price of farm produce don’t mean farm income any more than total receipts of a merchan tile or manufacturing business mean profits.