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News BY C'HAtLES D. KAPER County Agent Recently several tobacco far nurs have been : omewhat up set about the condition of their tobacco plant« turning yellow in spots with the leaves thick ei ing. They were afraid they were in trouble with tobacco plants this year. Last Saturday. 4 carried sutne of these plant > t· the tobacco specialist in Ra kiuh who diagnosed the trouble aa cold weather end rather high organic matter in the soil. Most of our tobacco beds at th" *U.ge could stand and would v/«lcome a little warm weather, end particularly a little boost with nitrate nitrogen, about a quart of nitrate of soda per 100 >erds. Be sure that the plants au dry when you i»ut this mat erial on, and ii necessary, sweep the material off of the plants. Several farmers are report · '"S plant Ihm! insects, particul arly a few flea bv*ctle and lice. I' would be a good idea to dust your toba.eo plants with DDT using either 5 or 10 per cent a· the rate of 1 to 1 pounds per 100 square yaids. One ap pi nation should take Mit ^ the flat beetle. If you would ι prefer spraying, use i pound ot 50 per cent wet able powder in 50 gallons ol water covering the plants with a tine mist. Fur aphids or lice on the pliant bed which have wintered evtl un turnips, collards, or oats and are just beginning ti I transfer to tobacco beds, they can be controlled by dusting with Malathiou 4 per cent or ■ pet cent Parathiou. Use either to I >2 pounds of dust per 100 square yards: or if spray ing with Malathion, use 1 pound ol 25 per cent wetable powder in 50 gallons of water using 3 to 5 gallons per 100 squar-j yards. For mole ciKkets. grub worms in plant b.-ds, your best control would be with sprink ling the bed using ··. pound of 15 per cent Parathion, wetable i powder. in 50 gallons of wale.· I drenching at the rate of one '.alion per square yard. i'ur livl.i this "'ear, if wire v. oiins have damaged tobacco ' !n the past, then you had bet I tor treat your soil before trans , planting. Use Dicldrin. Aldrin. Hiptachlor. or Chlordane eith ci as a du.sl, granules or suray. j l»e sure that you follow I he ι manufacturer's instruct! >ns on 1 tin· amount to use. As soon as . material is dusted or sprayed j on the ground, oisc into th» ! mil. Ill cut A-orms bother you when you move your plants to th«» . field, your best control is to I spray or dust with DDT or En~ ■ orin. Be sure that you cover the plants and th.· soil surface According to Fiank Guthrie, ν ho has done most of the ι. - ■•earth work on 'judworm*, the best control of tobacco bud worms is a bait using one part j actual DDT to 75 p:,rts of corn nseal and putting a generous I pinch in each bud. Partial r— j jUlts can be gotten from dust-· ; !piL"rT,spi witn 1 \ ι DE. Ει inrin or Thiodan. Be J M"i that you cover each bud. jit may take several ajiplica I ns to d" the job. Normal I v, (one application of the bait in | -i c-h bud will control th,_ bud 1 worms. I» you suspect that nema oces will be one of your p,„b ι ,c,,,-s· ,lu" >'>" had better trea* ·« control them. A number of I -t migants are τ-ailable thi year. DD and Vidden-D ar· ujcd at the rate < t 10 gallon·! per a.re in the wv or :*<) gal ions broadcast. Fumigants sue;·. ; «· Ti'loiic are used at th<· rat.» of 8 gallons in the row or 13 allons broadcast. Dorlone and Fieldfume are used at the ratj 1 o' 6 gallons in th»· row or 12 gallons broadcast; EDE-85 or VV S5. fi vallons broadcast or 3 gal ons in the row. Where Root Knot has been vom mam prob!-.-:n in the past, you will probably get bettet results from W 85 because this I material pi vos a little beltc ι ι ιcsuIts with the Root Kin·; ! nematode. If M'.'Hdiiw nema tc.de hits boon yout mai»< prob I· m :ind you arc lollowitig to lit;·«» behind corn, mil·» or the ι ί.ι asses, then ye.it would prob be better off using Dl> , Where you h.'V.· a co.nbin.i ι t;< ι»—root knot and meadow I in. matotlc>—perhaps one of th ■ I mixtures Teloac, D-.iioiw, j FMdfuine would be more ad ! visablo. L'ncii r ii<>rn.i| condition·, iro-t ( olinvous County f;.rme:v .- >' »II:'1 t · y to put 800 poun s" ■ 4-K-!2 or 55-9-li fertilizer wi cht the row. but this fertilize»· • h <uld be p!;:c.'d oeen in t"· . turow. Then, at the first cult ivation, ust' 5 lo 1:0 pounds oi aitual Ν in the i Jim of nitrate • oi soda: then *d·I abi ut 400 pounds of re;;ul n fertilizer at I the .second cul1 iv:.tion. After ; that point, let y.>ui rain guagc ! he your s.uirie is ·<> an> addi ' sional fertilizer thr.t you put ίο j your tuba.c>. The heavier the I ;ains, perhaps * he more fert ilizer vim will need to add. !i i 1962 s'.iould be .i c ry ye;.r, you i will probably hnvc all el tho J Icrtilizer you will need to us ·. I When you pass '.he soil te.;t Utcon'.r.ioiieatioiis in the ferti lizer you use. .. '(ΐι;· .·ϊη guagc is your best guide. In tobacco, as in anything j ι l.se, good management pays. | Your net returns in 1962 will | normally be increased to those ! < ι yi>u who d<i ihc right thing , iii the sight time, if you will | i :i' good sound proven pro duction practices with your | ci op this year, it will certainly I h« ip vou to reduce your pro-j ruction costs and give you ι· ;xiiiiL.m yields. Several community d-velop i>"( nt groups are becoming int i: ι ,-tei in r it coMrol. Mr. i.. \V Avan' with the State ASCS «•ll'ic· si;.- that North C?rolina : lours pay r. '.s live million 'olk.is a year to tat up gram, «•nc they «et no return for their nioney. it is estimated that 30 rats will eat as 'mu h as on.· .';.iry cow and will wasts ten • times as much as they cat. Several rat campaigns wiil be started during the month of April. If your community is interested in eradicating th·.· ι ts, please contact the count..' Rent's office an.! we will b.· ι!; d to work with you in get ting your campaign lined up. With spring ι η the way. yrur water supply is probably ι th« most important part in poultry feeding. Water should bt fresh, dean ami available to bird* at all times. A leghoru ru.n will drink about 18 μΙΙοηι ι»ί water a year. For every pound of feed a hen consumes. Jh will need between 2 and £·.* pounds of water. Many poultrymen at this sea· ion of the year are having trou ble with feather pickings and cannibalism. Often times you rcr. stop feather picking and cannibalism by feeding whole oats several times a day in small amounts. This has a tend n.cy to keep the baby chick:· active and gives them sonu·- : thing t<> do. For small flocks.' i.ftun times collard stems or tubbage stems hung up in the house will attract their atten-1 tion. hence, reducing the a mount ol feather picking . It's almost corn planting time, and you ca'i product- 100 bushels of corn per acre at π ( cheaper cost per bushel than you can produce 40 bushels t«i 1 the acre. It costs you approxi- I mutely $40.00 to produce an Lcre of corn, which means at (1.10 per bushel, it would take between 39 and 40 bushels of corn per acre for you to break j even. You can produce very, close to 100 bush-.'Is per acre by I< Mow ing these few ' simple ..teps for more corn profit: (1) Use an adapted liy bird (2) Treat soil with Aldri.i or Dicldrin if wire worms couM be a problem or oil I bugs. (3) Prepare a good seed bed. (4) Use adequate fertilizer j»nd place so that it will nut injure the germination. (5) Provide enough ρ hints t > produce a heavy yield. For 100 bushels, you will need 14.000 plants per acre. In 4-foot row: , this means 10 inches in th-: drill. In 312-foot rows, 11 inches apart in the row. (6) Control w«?eds ear'.y but avoid late and deep cultivation. There are four met nods of con tinuing weeds in corn and all are good. Method No. 1—The Hoe. Method No. 2—Frequent and .«■hallow cultivation. Method No. 3—Use of 2. 4-D. Method No. 4 — Chemical weed control with Atrazinc». Simazine must b.· used as .1 pie-emergence sp.ay. Atrazin·» can be used either as a pre enurgence or .xxt-emergence :.pr;y. (7) Apply adequate sido I of nitrogen per acre when corn ii about two feet high. To be sure that he gets prop er social security cerdit, the s*-lf-empluyed faimer should take care that his correct social security number is shown on hi> federal income tax returns each year . Self-employed farmers who have had a low income ye; τ should remember that they still cj:n claim social security credit ! under the optional reporting ( plan if they have received $600 i 01 more in farm income during tiu taxable year. SPECIALLY PRICED GIFT IDEAS / ONEIDA SILVERSMITHS Give α lasting gift of handsome silver plat·! Buy one of these beautifully crafted pieces for a gift, or for yourself. At this low price only while they lost. Come in todoy! Αι Äourtd Trrjy me· diameter B. Ovsii Anne I Dettr-t jet Troy ? 0· Shell Silent overall length 10' 2" $599 EACH plut l*d. Ian C. Chi»» uitj Oiu Swv«r 12 Plot· Ε. Plain Roll Troy 13 length DAVIS JEWELERS Tabor City, N. C. Lawn r Patio Group 3 Picces Aluminum frame· chaise lounge* ami chairs, comfortably padded, covered in print vinyl. Fold for storage. 'Stack* Chair Basket Chair Rattan Chair Contour-curved lawn chair Comfortable peel fane rat- Kan - back chair jn rait«! stacks easily, saves space, tan on wrought Iron legs, peel feature« wore η <u.Sjgn, PRINCE BROS. Tabor City, N. C. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS OF CANCER PROGRESS Today, millions more Americans have annual checkups than they did 25 years ago. Millions more . know Cancer's Seven Danger Signals. Early detection end prompt treatment of cancer is the keynote of the American Cancer Society's public education program. i _ In 25 years, the death rate from uterine cancer has dropped SO per cent. Dr. George N. Papanicolaou developed the "Pap" smear, a technique for detecting uterine cancer in its earliest, most curable stage. This has helped save thousands of lives. Research has led to improved treatment by surgery and radiation, and to new life prolonging drugs. Today, over 1.000,000 Americans are cured of cancer. Only 160.000 had been cured 25 years ago. W TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO ONLY ONE CANCER j PATIENT IN SEVEN WAS SAVED. TODAY IT IS ONE IN THREE. IT IS POSSIBLE TO SAVE ONE IN TWO. SAYS THE Φ AFRICAN CANCER SOCIETY. 1* Mister PART icular says ... DON'T DRIVE HALF A FORD! KeeP'your Ford fORo — Fo' d with , - V» rvKD DIALER PARTS AND SERVICE It take« expert mechanics . . . Genuine ι Ford Parts . . . factory-approved tools ... to keep your Ford all Ford. And you Ret them all when you bring your Ford in to us for service. Next time your car needs service, get the liest there is— bring it "home" to us! f.O.A.» QUALITY CARE FOR QUALITY CARS GRAINGER MOTOR CO., INC. Tabor City, N. C. wm>.. ah, it. im tat TA»ot cmr nntwt »a6« τ VS : Λ " DENTURES' Don t Get Sore ■AToSi" CUSHIONS UPPERS Ol LOWIKI Dameron Drug Store MR. FARMER: MAKE OUR STORE YOUR HEADQUARTERS FOR φ Baby Chicks fir Cockerals Tuesdays & Fridays φ Chick Supplies-Sanitations # Fermate - Parathion - DDT For Plant Beds # Garden Seed And Field Seed Of All Kinds WANTED —YELLOW CORN E. 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