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VOL. IV NO. 7
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ADVICE ON FLU
U. Public Health Service Issues
! Official Health Bulletin
! on Influenza.
LATEST; WORD ON SUBJECT.
Origin Germ Still Unknown Peo
pl& Should' Guard Against "Droplet
Infection" Surgeon General Brue
Mikes Authoritative Statement.
Washington, D. .(Special.) Al
though King Alphonso of Spain was
one of the victims of the Influenza epi
demic in 1893 and again this summer,
Spanish - authorities repudiate any
claim to influenza as a "Spanish" dis
ease. If the people of this country do
not take care the epidemic will be
come so widespread throughout tjie
United States that soon we shall hear
the disease called "American" Influ
enzal In iresponse to a request for definite
Information concerning Spanish influ
enza,' Surgeon General Rupert Blue of
the D. S. Public Health Service has
authorized the following official inter
view : .
What is Spanish Influenza? Is it
something new?. - Does it come from
"The disease now occurring In this
country and called 'Spanish Influen
za' resembles a very, contagious kind
of 'cold accompanied by fever, pains
Coughs arid Sneezes
As Dangerous as Poison Gas Shells
In the head, eyes, ears, back or othei
pai ls of the body and a feeling of se
vere sickness. Inmost of the cases the
symptoms disappear after three or four
days, the patient then rapidly recover
ing. Some of the patients, however,
develop pneumonia, or inflammation
of the ear, or meningitis, and njauy of
these complicated cases die. Whether
this'" so-called 'Spanish' influenza is
identical with the epidemics of influen
za of earlier years is not yet known.
"Epidemics of influenza have visited
this country since 1647. It is interest
ing to know that this first epidemic
was brought here from Valencia,
Spain. Since that time there have
been numerous epidemics of "the dis
ease. In 18S9 and 1890 an epidemic
of influenza, starting somewhere in the
Orient, spread first to Russia and
thence over practically the entire civ
ilized world. Three years later there
was anotiaer flare-up of the disease.
Both times the epidemic spread wide
ly over the United States.
"Although the present epidemic is
called 'Spanish influenza,' there is no
reason to believe that it originated in
Spain. Some writers who have studied
the question believe that the epidemic
came from the Orient and they call at
tention to the fact that the Germans
mention the disease as occurring along
the eastern front in the summer and
fall of 1917."
How can "Spanish influenza" be rec
"There is as yet no certain way In
which a single case of 'Spanish influ
enza' can be recognized. On the oth
er hand, recognition is easy where
there is a group of cases. In contrast
to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs
and colds, which usually occur in the
cold months, epidemics of influenza
may occur at any season of the year.
Thus the present epidemic raged most
intensely in Europe in May, June and
July. Moreover, in the case of ordi
nary colds, the general symptoms
(fever, pain, depression) are by no
means as severe or as sudd.ep In their
onset as they are In influenza. Final
ly, ordinary colds do not spread
through the community so rapidly or
so extensively as does influenza.
"In most cases a person taken sick
with influenza feels sick rather sud
denly. He feels weak, has pains in the
eyes, ears, head or back, and niay be
sore all orer. Many patients fee!
dizzy, some vomit. Most of the pa
tients complain of feeling chilly, i;nd
with this comes a fever in which the
temperature rises to 100 to 101. In
most cases the pulse remains relative
ly slow. ... .
Co n p-nearance one is struck by the
Saet that the patient looks sick. His
eyes and the inner side of his eyelids
sldb'e a? gly :woov.o
gested, as the doctors say. There
may be running from .the now or
there may be some coughl These signs
tLf 1 may Bot be marked; never
theless the patient look, and feels very
thIlDe addIUOn t0 toe aPPearance and
:ymptoms as already described,
exam nation of the patient's blood may
aid the physician in recognizing 'Sp
Uh influenza,' for it fcs been foud
that in this disease the number of
white corpuscles shows little or no in
crease above the normal. It is possi
ble that the laboratory investigations
now being made through the National
Research Council and the United
States Hygienic Laboratory will fur
nish a more certain way in which indi
vidual cases of this disease can be
What is the course of the. disease?
Do people die of It?
"Ordinarily, the fever lasts from
three to four days and the patient re
covers. But while the proportion of
deaths, in the present epidemic has
generally been low, in some places the
outbreak has .been severe and deaths
have been numerous. When death oc
curs it is usually the result of a com
plication." What causes the disease and how is
"Bacteriologists who have studied in
fluenza epidemics in the past have
found in many of the cases a very
small rod-shaped germ called, after its
discoverer, Pfeiffer's bacillus. In other
cases of apparently the same kind of
disease there were found pneumococci,
the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still
others have been caused by strepto
cocci, and b others germs with long
"No matter what particular kind of
germ causes the epidemic, it Is now
believed that influenza is always
spread from person to person, the
germs being carried with the air along
with the very small droplets of mucus.
expelled by coughing or sneezing,
lorcetui taming, and the like by one
who already has. the germs of the dis
ease. !Theyay-J Je-aied-aboTit
in the air in the form of dust coming
from dried mucus, from coughing and
sneezing, or from careless people who
spit on the floor and on the sidewalk.
As In most other catching diseases, a
person who has only a mild attack of
the disease himself may give a very
severe attack to others."
What should be done by those who
catch the disease?
"It is very important that every per
son who becomes sick with influenza
should go home at once and go to bed.
This will help keep away dangerous
complications and will, at the same
time, keep the patient from scattering
the disease far and wide. It is highly
desirable that no one be allowed to
sleep in the same room with the pa
tient. In fact, no one but the nurse
should be allowed in the room.
"If there is cough and sputum or
running of the eyes and nose, care
should be taken that all such dis
charges are collected on bits of gauze
or rag or paper napkins and burned.
If the patient complains of fever and
headache, he should be given water to
drink, a cold compress to the forehead
and a light sponge. Only such medi
cine should be given as is prescribed
by the doctor. It is foolish to ask the
druggist to prescribe and may be dan
gerous to take the so-called 'safe, sure
and harmless' remedies advertised by
patent medicine manufacturers.
"If the patient is so situated that he
can be attended only by some one who
must also look after others in the fam
ily, it is advisable that such attendant
wear a wrapper, apron or gown over
the ordinary house clothes while in the
sick room and slip this off when leav I
ing to look after the others.
"Nurses and attendants will do well
to guard against breathing in danger
ous disease germs by wearing a simple
fold of- gauze or mask while near the
Will a person who has had influenza
before catch the disease again?
"It is well known that an attack of
measles or scarlet fever or smallpox
usually protects a person against an
other attack of the same disease. This
appears not to be true of 'Spanish in
fluenza.' According to newspaper re
ports the King of Spain suffered an
attack of influenza during the epi
demic thirty years ago, and was again
stricken (Turing the recent outbreak in
How can one guard against influ
enza? "In guarding against disease of all
j kinds, it is Important that the body be
Kept strong ana aoie to fight off dis
ease germs. This can be done by hav
ing a proper proportion of work, play
and rest, by keeping the body well
clothed, and by eating sufficient whole
some and properly selected food. In
connection with diet, it. is well to re
member that milk is one of the best
all-around foods obtainable for adults
as well as children. So far as a dig.
case like influenza is concerned, health
j authorities everywhere recognize the
very close relation between its spread
and overcrowded homes. While it is
not always possible, especially in
'ies liie the nresent, to. avoid
overcrowding, people should consider
.the health danger and make every
effort to reduce the home overcrowd
ing to a minimum. The value of fresh
air through open windows cannot be
"When crowding is unavoidable, as
in street cars, care should be taken to
keep the face so turned as not to In
hale directly the air breathed out by
"It is especially Important to be
ware of the person who coughs or
sneezes without covering his mouth
and nose. It als follows that one
should keep out of crowds and stuffy
A""co tt "iucn as possible, keep
homes, offices and workshops well air
ed, spend some time out of doors each
day, walk to work if at all practicable
in short, make every possible effort
to breathe as much pure air as pos
sible. "In sll health matters follow the ad
vice of your doctor and obey the regu
lations of your local and state health
"Cover up each cough and sneeze.
If you don't you'll spread disease"
W. S. S.
The many friends of Mr. and Mrs.
J.H. Cathey aDd family will learn
with deep regret of the death of
their son and brother, Mr. Julian
Cathey. : "
Julian was in his nineteenth year,
and was a young man of unusual
promise, ; His sunny disposition
made him a favorite with every one,
especially his schoolmates.
The entire community sympa
thizes with Mr. Cathey and his fam
ily in the death of Julian and the
critical illness of Mrs. G. W. Grind
stt jdaughter. of;Mj;Jand Mrs. Cath
ey, and the sickness of the other
members of the family.
-W. S. S.-
Sheriff Cole and Town Marshal
W. E. Reed, of this city captured
one of the largest blockade stills,
near Willets, Monday moraing,
about two o'clock, that has ever
been captured in this county. They
destroyed about two hundred gal
lons of beer and meal.
w. s. s.
BAPTISTS OF JACKSON
MUST JJAiSE $3000
The Baptists of this state are go
ing to start a drive the first of Nov
ember to raise one million dollars
for the benefit of Christian Educa
tion. Jackson county is cnbed on
to raise three thousand dollars, and
every Baptist in the county is ex
pected to do his or her part toward
raising this amount.
There will be a mass meeling
called on the 2oth of this month to
appoint committees and lay plans
for this undertaking. Tha meeting
will be held at the Baptist church
of this place.
V. s. s.
JACKSON IAN DIES
The remains of Math Potts, of
Culiowhee, arrived here lastSnnday
and were taken to Culiowhee. where
he was buried Monday.
Mr. Potts was at work in the
Navy Yard at Charleston and had
an ettack ol influenza, resulting ii
branchial pneumonia, which was
given as the cause of his death.
w. s. s.
Eorn to Mr. Mis, Eiden Muody. a )
All mill feed bran and shorts
'must be sold on certificate. Ycu
jwili fiud the cenincates at thU
office. E. E Brown, Co, od dm.
Bolden Vyike of East La Pcite
was in town Wednesday
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