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ONE OF AMERICA'S SURPRISES FOR THE GERMANS
YANK AVIATOR MAKES MIRACULOUS ESCAPE FROM GERMAN PRISON CAMP ... - Tennessee Boy Swims the Rhine to Swiss Soil After Days of Tramp ing Through Enemy Country Seventy Americans in. Con certed Effort to Escape From Prison Three Get Through Swiss Give Them Kindly Welcome. I "LO, THE POOR INDIAN," S : RICH AND PATRIOTIC : Somewhere in France. Seventy Americans in the German prison camp at Villingen, Germany, made a desper ate nnd concerted attempt to escape on the night of Sunday, October 6. So far three men have crossed the border. The first is Lieutenant Aviator George Wright Puryear of Memphis, Tenn. Puryear swam across the Rhine to Swiss soil early in the morning of October 11. Two days later Harold Willis of Boston, a former Lafayette escadrllle flyer who was captured at Verdun in August, 1917, and Naval Lieutenant Edouard Isaacs of Ports mouth, Va., escaped into Switzerland. Only a few days previously, on Oc tober 9, the first American soldier to escape from a German prison camp into Switzerland arrived at Red Cross headquarters in Berne. He was Frank Sovkki of Shenandoah, Pa., a Polish American who enlisted a few days af ter America declared war. Puryear . was the first American officer to es cape from Germany. On June 26, while patrolling near Ville Neuve sur Fere, about four kilo meters southwest of Fere en Tarde nois. . Puryear engaged an enemy ma chine in combat. The fight carried him unawares Into the German Hues. Puryear shot down his adversary, mortally wounding the observer of the German machine. Seeing one of his adversaries was badly wounded, and believing himself in allied territory, Puryear descended, intending to re move one or both of the aviators as prisoners to an American hospital. Such descents in allied territory to aid a badly wounded adversary have been a part of the knightly code of the air. Captured by Germans. Upon landing and before he could burn his machine Puryear was cap tured by German troops, who were in hiding. The German pilot of the ma chine whom he had descended to carry to a hospital Insisted that he be shot at once for "shooting at a wounded man" the observer of the German plane! After his capture Puryear was tak en to a hospital which was also an intelligence examining post. He was kept there for three hours. From the hospital Puryear was taken to a cas tle, where he was again examined by an intelligence officer. Next day he was marched, again alone, ten kllo'meters behind the lines to another Intelligence post, where he was once more examined. On the fol lowing day, with fifteen captured Americans of the Twenty-sixth divi sion and about 200 French soldiers, he was taken to Laon. At each stop intelligence officers ex amined him. Qn August 2 Lieutenant Puryear was taken to Rastatt prison camp. On August 5 he escaped with Andre Con reau, a French aviator. August 6 and 7 they spent in the woods. At 5 a. m. on the morning of August 8, how ever, they ran plump into a German sentinel. They were taken under guard to Kehl, where they were given a good meal. Two guards accompa nied them back to Restatt, where Pur year was imprisoned five days. Later, when he was transferred to Villingen, Puryear served nine more days of the fourteen-day sentence imposed on him for trying to escape. Makes Break for Liberty. On August 13 Puryear was trans ferred to Karlsruhe, the concentration camp lor ail prisoners, where he stayed until August 19. He was then taken to Landshut on a closely guard ed train, together with a number of itoyai lying corps aviators. At Karlsruhe the British and American aviators were separated. The Ameri- cans were placed in a camp which had been used as a quarantine camp and where they w7ere vaccinated against typhus, cholera and smallpox. Puryear was kept at Landshut from August 21 to September 14. During his stay he applied for a transfer to Villingen, where a number of Ameri can pilots were confined. He was re moved there on September 15. After nine days in jail at Villingen Pur year was released. Six days later, on the night of Sunday, October 6, Pur year made his second and successful attempt to escape. Puryear had planned to escape with one other companion. Aviator Willis however, asked him to postpone his attempt for several days, as a dozen Americans had been planning to es cape for some time and it was feared that if Puryear failed the general breakout might be nipped in the bud. Puryear and his companion agreed and preparations were made for the escape. Ladders were made ready, win dows and bars cut out. and one American made it possible to short circuit the string of powerful electric lights which surrounded the prison camp and which burned all night to prevent escapes. The jail delivery was planned for Sunday night, and the Americans agreed to break out at sev eral places, so as to keep the guards busy. At 10:30 Sunday night the guards turned out the lights in the prison camp. This was the signal for all the men to make their final preparations. At 10:45 the lights outside the prison camp were short-circuited by one of the Americans. From three sides of the barracks the American aviators and prisoners made their dash for lib erty. Fired on by Guards. Immediately the German guards blew their whistles and cocked their guns. Surrounding the barracks was a low barbed wire fence, and beyond that a deep ditch with barbed wire entanglements in it. Still further was a ten-foot fence with hooks facing inward along the top. Outside this fence were the guards with rifles awaiting. Puryear, Isaacs, Willis and their companions had to run this gant let, after getting through the barred windows of the barracks. The penalty of being caught in the wire was death. Only a few days be fore in the general breakout a Rus sian had been caught in the wire and instantly killed. Puryear climbed over all obstacles and put his ladder up against the fence. As he leaped over the fence firing began. His com panion had his foot on the lower round of the ladder as Puryear went over. Once outside the barracks Puryear found himself between two guards. Both shouted at him to halt. Strictly according to orders they shouted three times to him to stop: Six shots were fired in all point blank at Puryear. The guards, how ever, were old men and their aim was bad. At the time they fired one guard was 20 feet off and the other 50 feet away. Just as the second volley was fired at him Puryear stumbled and fell in a ditch. He believes he would have been wounded or killed by these shots if he had not fallen. . As had been previously arranged, Puryear waited at a prearranged point for his companion. When the latter did not arrive after 15 minutes' wait ing, Puryear went alone. While he waited Puryear heard the guards fire several score rounds. He had now re covered his strength and made good progress. That night he went 15 kilo meters. Puryear carefully guarded his Red "Lo, the Poor Indian" is no more poor. Instead he is pa- triotic. The five civilized J tribes subscribed for $2,600,000 in , fourth Liberty bonds, Gabe J Parker, superintendent of the e tribes, announced. The five J tribes Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles, Cherokees and ' Creeks have now invested I some $9,523,670 in Liberty bonds I and War Savings stamps. "BROADWAY QUARTET" IN FRANCE ' g riim Yanks, who usod to Hvp in , ... tic nort nut (in o n . uiuuuu a weii-Known north Atlan- SMLr "Tom show back 01 the "nes ln Fronce tor Cross supplies. From the food boxes sent -him from Berne he was able to build himself up physically so that he was able to live on the raw po tatoes, carrots and turnips which he dug out of the fields while ibaking his way toward the frontier. The next day Puryear spent in the forest poring over his map until he had memorized every detail of it. Just before day broke he met two men go ing to work. He avoided them, but later was unable to avoid a lone civil ian who passed him, but who said nothing. The next night Puryear took up his long journey toward Waldshut, 65 kilo meters away. The third day it rained heavily all day and Puryear picked out a small barn and climbed through a window and thence went up to the loft. The owner or the barn and his hired hands moved farm machinery about in the stable below, but did not come upstairs. That night the rain lessened and Puryear continued his journey. j In the darkness he took the wrcHig road, a mountain road which finally ended in a trail and then ceased alto gether. , For three hours he stumbled about on a mountain top in sleet and snow, tearing his hands and face on brambles and making but little prog ress in the brush and cutover timber. Finally he struck another road which he followed until daylight. With the dawn he again took refuge in the woods. All that day he spent poring over his maps, endeavoring to locate him self. By nightfall, however, he had decided upon his course. That night he struck a tributary of the Rhine and followed it to where it crossed the main road leading to Waldshut. "Then he struck the main road Puryear found a sign reading: "Waldshut Thirty Kilometers." On the night ot Wednesday, October 9, Puryear got within a few miles of Waldshut. In order to be sure of his directions he climbed to the top of a mountain nearby from which he could see trib utaries entering the Rhine. Puryeax also was supplied with a view of Wald shut which he carefully compared with the town below. Puryear planned to cross the Rhine at the point where the current strikes the north shore and then rebounds to ihe south bank. He figured upon be irg carried by the current across to the Swiss shore. For six hours he carefully watched the shore for the appearance of sentries, but no one having passed the spot he had chosen he decided to make the attempt to swim across. Cold Plunge in Rhine. He crawled to the river edge, took off all his clothes except his shirts and underwear and trousers and dip-, ped into the icy stream. The strong . current immediately swept him down stream at a terrific rate. Dangerous whirlpools and currents abound in this vicinity. After-half an hour's alternate swim ming and floating the icy water began to affect the young aviatpr. "I thought it was about all over with me," said Puryear. "I became dizzy and fought hard to be able to distinguish the shore I had left from the Swiss side. About thirty feet from the bank my hand in swrimming touched rock, but before I could pill myself up the strong current wrenched me back into the deep water again. "I was fast becoming weaker and weaker. The banks were rocky and steep and I could not get a hand hold anywhere. I feared that I would be lost at the last moment. Finally 1 grasped a projecting rock and hung on to it until I recovered my strength in part. Then I climbed up and out ot the water and fell down exhausted. For several minutes I lay there weak and trembling with the cold and fear. I had been carried far below Waldshut. Along the shore ran a railroad and I knocked at the first crossing keeper's cabin. The latter when he learned that I was an Ameri can, greeted me warmly, took off my wet clothes, chafed my trembling legs and gave me a stiff glass of brandy. Then, as it was time for breakfast, th crossing keeper routed his children out of bed and the two kids and myself ate hot milk and bread from the same bowl. ,ri "Later I was taken to a military post where the Swiss officers kindly gave me dry clothing. At Zurich Swiss officers paid my hotel bills and gave me a civilian's outfit from head to foot. I cannot thank the Swiss au thorities and civilians too much for their kindnesses to me. At Rheinfel der the Swis frontier officer exam ined me and then telephoned to the American embassy at Berne." ' Jj " """" 4 .-.yL'U'flM'lt'li-wwgsrjM! rrr, "'"'i nn n-r . . ..., M&-f:&''-:'-i& Photo bve5SS3WW:: New and unpublished photograph of one of the enormous American guns that helped to drive autocracy from the Jace of the earth and make the world a habitable place to live in. This gun is a 16-inch American howitzer, rail way mount, that was produced in France by the ordnance department of the United States army railway artillery and manned by men of the United States coast artillery. SCENE IN MAINZ, RHINE CITY OCCUPIED BY ALLIES Scene in the market place of the city of siamz, Germany, oceiUd by troops of the Third army of tlTa A. E. F. under the command of Major General Dickman. HUNS DON'T NEED THESE NOW COLOGNE TO BE HELD BY YANKEES MMMMAMUMWMMAMMMAVi . 1 Iibiiibii ' ' I Photn . b v -::::::::::: Western Newspaper Union" These helmets, that were presum ably to be used by the now vanquished Germans in their victorious march into Paris, because of the fact that they are new, are being taken out of a hole .in Cambrai by a Canadian engineer. Surely a Coincidence. Robert Dawes of Jeffersonville, who Is one of the officials of the American Tobacco company in Louisville, told of a striking coincidence that happened while he was in New York city last week. He was at a hotel and wrent to the telegraph office to send a telegram to his wife. As he reached the desk he met a young lieutenant from New Albany who was writing the first words of a telegram to Mr. Dawes, whom the officer supposed to be at Jeffersonville. asking him to send him the address of his sister who lives in England. Not only that, but the officer, as he looked up and saw Mr. Dawes, exclaimed to another officer by his side, "And here is the man I was just talking to you about; allow me to introduce you to Mr. Dawes." Indianapolis News. Cologne, one of the most important gateways to Germany, is to be occu pied by American troops under command of Maj. Gen. Joseph T. Dickman. The city is to be held as a guarantee until the final peace treaty is proclaimed. This photograph shows Cologne's cathedral, town hall and bridge of bo.itf across the Rhine. WANTON DESTRUCTION BY THE HUNS Acetylene Gas for Autos. Automobiles are being experimental ly operated in Norway by acetylene gas instead of gasoline, and the inno vation promises to become the general practice, as the supply of carbide is very plentiful in that country, where it is made at the hydroelectric plants, f n some instances it is utilized as a gas delivered in tanks and in some other instances it is generated on the car from the carbide. Stt-Z&Vtt'i . . 38 J Z7 - iii 5 v. Wesit-rn Newsp;iD" 1 nl Ihis British oflicial photograph, which was taken on the British wes!.-n front before the signing of the armistice, shows the wanton destruction wim which the Germans ravaged the country that they were evacuating. Th one time beautiful statue in Douai was pulled down by the enemy for the metal contained therein.