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THE 01110 blteA'tf OF THE TEMPERANCE 1 REFORM.
THE OHIO 0H(?AN OF THE TEMPERANCE REFORM. Cincinnati, J nnnary 28,1833. TERMS: Pingta mboripUii, ....ft SO ..... 1 00 Haw ol lei and pwarda,. All nbaeilptiona mut b tocomptnitd with lbs Mik, and ulai d, po.Ur piid, to CALEB CLARK. Bin Feahklu Pm"Tia Hovn. , Cincinnati, O. Keep it fcefore the People. . The following resolution, adopted at the State Temperance Convention, wbicht con vened in Columbus, 0., on the 5th inst., should not be lost sight of by the temperance men of our Staler , " Jtetoleed, That a general and systematic support o) ihe Timferince Press ol Ohio, is indispentible to our success." Back Bombers. We shall print a few hundred of No. 1 of the Organ for the purpose of supplying those subscribers who have not yet had an opportunity of sending in their names. But from the rapid rate they hare been coming in this week, we fear those who delay send ing at once cannot be supplied. The Ohio Legislature. We have long since ceased to hope for any thing substantial in the way of an anti-liquor law from this body. On Friday last, a resolution was adopt ed in the Senate instructing the Tem perance Committee to report a law similar in its provisions to the Maine Law. We are rejoiced at this move ment, not because we have any hope of its passage at the present Session, but because the vote on the question will enable ihe people of the State to know who is worthy of being return ed to that body again, and who should be left at home. We desire that every friend of pro hibition, in the Legislature, will vote first and last against nny and every proposition which may be submitted for their consideration, which does not effectually outlaw liquor. This is the vital point, and any half way measure will be worse than nothing. We ex hort the friends in the General Assem bly to "face the music" like men, and make the enemies do the same. On the 24th, Mr. Fisher, from the Temperance Committee, reported back to the House the Maine Law bill, with amendments, allowing the man ufacture of whisky in the State, and the sale of liquors for medical and medicinal purposes. The bill, with the amendments, was discussed with considerable animation, until noon, without taking a vote. The same bill was taken up immedi ately after dinner and discussed the entire afternoon, but no test vote had been taken, when the House adjourned. On Thursday afternoon, 26th, the bill was again taken up, and after a brief discussion, it was recommitted to the Temperance Committee. What will be done, remains yet to be seen. The State Journal, Tuesday, says, " The Temperance bill has been ma terially changed. It now proposes, instead of the Maine Act, that spiritu ous liquors may be manufactured in the State; allows the transportation of liquors through the State, and storage in the State, and also the sale of liquors by any one, without restriction, for medical, mechanical, and sacra mental purposes. 'This bill may be found on page 756 of House Journal of last winter." . ' i '' ' It is unnecessary to say that such bill, if it should be pas-ed, will not screen our legielators from the odium of their indignant constituents, whose well-known wishes they thus seek to compromise under the garb of half way legislation. Givo us the Maine Law unmutilated, or we will have men that will doit. Iudia.ia Governor Wright's Me age. , : , We take with great pleasure the following extracts from the Annual Message of the intelligent and popu lar Governor of Indiana, and ask our readers to peruse them, together with our brief comments: 1 "Though the existence of a neces sity for the enactment of some law regulating the vending of intoxicat ing liquors may be conceded to exist, the details of that law will prove em barrassing subjects of legislation. It would be well to remember at the out set, that extreme measures, however praiseworthy the motives dictating them, are not apt to realize the antici pations of their advocates. The tastes, habits, and prejudices of a people, are, to some extent, to be consulted. If they are disregarded, the law, espec ially if of a sumptuary character, will become, in truth, a "dead letter." Legislation should progress, it is true, but cautiously; so that the law will command the respect of the people, and at the same time keep pace with sound public opinion. The past, and the transpiring events of the present, demonstrate that the sudden adoption of ultra measures, whether concerning the organic or statute law of a com munity, results in a re-action aggra vating the evil sought to be remedied. It is .conceded that more good is to be anticipated from the certainty of en I'orceraent, than the severity of the law, "Those we already have in restraint of intemp ranee, it is feared, are not rigidly' enforced ; and the opinion is entertained by ninny, that error in the past has been more in the administra tion of the laws, than in the laws themselves. "The vice, to say the least, is not on the decline. Its haggard victims meet us everywhere. They crowd our almshouses, hospitals, jails, and penitentiaries. They throng upon every avenue of life, chilling us with an overpowerin - sense of their wretch edness and moral degradation. If the wails of the widow and the destitu tion of the orphan reach not our hearts, nncirWutinna of economv in the ad ministration of the law should not J) disregarded. Humanity and pufflic policy alike demand a corrective. " While individual effort should be stimulated to renewed exertions in the reformation of the inebriate, the aid of laws to be increased in stringency as public opinion will sanction, is im peratively demanded. "It is respectfully suggested that drunkenness be made an ottence pun ishable by law a disqualification for the making of contracts or the man agement of property. By that means the vice might be rendered more odious, and the examples set by those addicted to it less pernicious in the community, while the drunkard would be prevented from dissipating hisprop- ertv and leaving his family destitute thereby defeating the designs of the cunning and cruel. "It will ctve me creat pleasure to co-operate with the representives of the people, in the adoption or any measure that will be calculated to re move this great evil from the land.'1 Gov. Wright deserves great credit for alluding to this agitating topic in his message, as most of the Execu tives of the States, heretofore and now, have not considered it worthy of a passing notice. ' Imperfect and un sound as his Excellencies' views are, they are so much more intelligent than those of Clifford, of. Massachusetts, that we are half inclined to commend them. He generously acknowledges that some law is necessary on this subject, while he thinks it will be em barrasing to fix, the details., As to the measure proposed by the friends of legislation being of a " sumptuary character'1 we think the Governor all wrong, and will prepare an article on this subject for our next issue. He ascribes the failure of past legis lation in Indiana, not to the defect of the laws themselves, but to a want of enforcement. We would inquire why those laws have not been enforced ? and endeavor briefly to answer the question. ' . First. Any law, to secure respect and obedience, must be consistent and equal in its operation upon the subject. It is utterly repugnant to every man's sense of justice, to fine, imprison, or otherwise punish A. B. as a criminal, for an act that C. D., his neighbor, is not only permitted, but authorized to do 1 There has never been a law in Indiana on this subject that did not contain this glaring absurdity. Second. The attempt to enforce laws against illegal liquor selling, while the traffic is licensed, necessa rily secures the hostility of the perse cuted individual, and the sympathy of his family and friends, but gives to the licensed vender the means more effectually to resist the current of popular feeling against his business. Third. Experience has incontrovert- ibly proven that prosecutions against the unlawful traffic, while the liquor is permitted to remain in the possession of the accused, is useless. Perjury, and subornation of perjury, are usual incidents in all such prosecutions. Every lawyer is familiar with the fact, that on the trial of such cases, the memory of witnesses is very treacher ous, and conviction is next to impos sible. It is our settled conviction, that the laws of Indiana, on this subject, are unjust, partial, and inconsistent, and should not be enforced if they could be. The suggestion of the Governor, that drunkenness be made an offence punishable by law a disqualification for the making of contracts, or the management of property," as a sub ordinate or incidental measure, will do very ,well. Such an enactment as his Excellency suggests, would pre vent the di unkard from dissipating his property, and leaving his family desti tute," but it would not touch the seat of the disease.. That it would have the effect of diminishing drunkenness by rendering it more odious, &c, we do not believe If the ruin of health, life, character, and happiness of the drunk ard himself, which stares him in the face, and the , blasting of the hopes and happiness of those he loves will not restrain and check' him in his career, laws, noweve r severe, can amount to nothing. The remedy, and the only remedy,' and one that is per fectly simple and easy of enforcement, is to take away the temptation De prive liquor of its character as property, and authorize its seizure and destruc tion, and you strike a blow at the cause of drunkenness, which will be effective. While the cause remains, the effect will follow in spite of all the powers of Government. ' "j We must give Gov. Wright praise for declaring that, ' the aid of laws to be increased in stringency, as pub lio opinion will sanction, is impera tively demanded." 1 ' Law of Prohibition in Kentucky. There is no State in the west or south, in which the friends of legal prohibition are working with a more commendable zeal, or with brighter prospects of success," than in this Commonwealth. , The State is divided into four Dis tricts, to each of which is assigaed a talented, eloquent and earnest advo cate of the cause. She has a paper under the editorial management of Chas. Eginton, Esq., a talented law yer of Lexington, and this efficient and ably conducted journal is widely circulated, and doing effective service. The whole State is in a ferment of excitement, and the truth is rapidly working its way into tbe hearts of the noble sons of Kentucky. Since the first day of this month the traffic has been deliberately voted out of Lexing ton, Frankfort, Versailles, Georgetown and Covington, five of the hardest places in the Stats.,' Last week we addressed a very large assemblage of citizens in Covington, and, on the day following, .the question of license or no license was voted Upon by the elec tors, and a decisive victory wa achieved by the no-license party. On Friday we attended the January Session of the Grand Division, at Au gusta, Bracken county, A large num ber of representatives were present, and the utmost harmony prevailed. We have seldom seen an equal num ber of intelligent men assembled in any capacity. A mass meeting of the citizens, at which the Grand and Su bordinate Divisions attended, was held on Friday. For the want of a house of sufficient capacity to hold the as sembled thousands, a window was re moved from the side of the Methodist Church, the 1 ladies 'occupying the house, and the gentlemen the yard ad jacent. We occupied two hours in the discussion of the subject; at the close of which, resolutions were en thusiastically and unanimously passed to demand a law of prohibition, in cluding all the vital features of the Maine Law. , During the Session of the Grand Division, public addresses were made by Judge McHenry, P. G. W. P., Messrs. Monroe and Buckley, State Lecturers, and Chas. Eginton, Esq., and the Rev. James Young, G. W . P., of the State. : ,,,, , We hud not the pleasure of hearing Judge McIIenrybut we learned that he discussed at great length and in a masterly manner the Constitutionality of the Maine Law. Bro. Buckley is a ready, eloquent, powerful lecturer,