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THE OHIO ORGAN OF THE
TEMPERANCE REOFRM. 139 of what he had done. He is now a faithful soldier in the cold water army. If we knew all that some advocates of temperance have suffered, we might well pardon enthusiasm. They have felt the curse they have endured the pain they know the monster. No, we need not wonder at their enthu siasm; the wonder should rather be, that it is not greater. From the London Timet. The Maine Liquor Law in England. It is very interesting to us who sit in old Europe, following old methods of government as a matter of course, to see what can be attempted and done by a people reallv and immediately self-governing. We may doubt and disapprove of some things done by our Republican brethren across the Atlantic, and think that we should not like this, or the other liability or cus tom of theirs ; but is to be hoped that we can cordially admire and honor certain occasional achievements of theirs, which are quite beyond any thing we can effect or dream of effect ing. We can really hardly know any thing more striking than the history of the rapid abolition of the vice of drunkenness in several of the States of the American Union; and it is with feelings of the deepest respect, that we desire to direct attention of our countrymen to the action of the State of Maine with regard to that vice. The Maine Liquor Law was obtain ed by the simple determination of the majority to ubolish intemperance in the form of drink. They did it through the ballot-boxes by electing temperance men to the Legislature. For many years valuable experience had been accruing. The ordinary temperance movement had been tried there, as elsewhere in the Union ; and with the same partial success. The success can never be more than par tial where temptation and conflict re main. As, jong as rum and gin shops stand open, and the smell of spirits is in the air, the weak and wavering will suffer under conflict with temptation, and often fall ; physicians will tell in private of the increase of solitary drinking the worst of all, and the "pledged" will be in a lower state than ever having added perjury to their first weakness. It appears, from experience, that it is a miserable mis take 10 expect so serious and difficult a process as self-control from such a stimulus as association in a temper ance society, and thus it turned out in Maine, as elsewhere. So the Legis lature was looked to, not to limit and regulate the sale of intoxicating li quors; not to institute a stringent li censing system, but to prohibit utterly the sale of intoxicating liquors for drink within the bounds of the State. Every city and town is required or permitted to appoint annually,'(through its municipal officers, an agent, who is licensed for the year, and under re sponsibility to the magistracy, to sell spirits for the purposes of the mechan ic arts and medicine ; and, up to this time, it appears that a sufficient sup ply is obtained for all such purposes by this provision. And in every other way, the law appears to work as well as a prohibitory law ever does, and certainly to the benefit of society with in that State. A dram shop may be opened here and there, just outside of the boundary line of the State ; and a citizen here and there may import a cask of spirits, and give away the contents among those who will do him some favor in return ; but these are small matters. There is a general pu rification the smell is not in the nir the dram shops are not open before the eyes the temptation does not be set the will the struggle does not per plex and weary the brain and con science. The soci al results are so clear that the example has been followed Rhode Island has followed in the wake of Maine, and also has Massachusetts, with the exception of Boston, where the municipal authorities strong in vest ed interests, still hold out. The doubt was, at first, whether a law so strin gent could stand whether the second year would not undo the work of the first. It appears not. Experienced American citizens believe that it would now be impossible to get the law re pealed. The first sentiment of Englishmen on hearing this story seems to be amazed that citizens will submit to such a law. They feel that there would be danger to eur liberties if such a law could pass our Parliament and Throne to-morrow. No doubt: but this is because we do not, as a people, desire t. If the Americans were not self-governed, they would rebel sooner than admit of legislation so stringent. But they are self-governed, and there in, lies the chief interest of the whole matter. They decreed for themselves first, the universal education which disgusted them with drunkenness, and warned them to save the next genera tion from it ; and they next decreed, the exclusion of what they consider a Ehysical, moral and social poison. It as been the act as of a spirited man who, while disposed to resent dictation as to his personal habit, imposes a law on himself, and submits thus to a disci pline which he would spurn if it came upon him in any other way. Our fellow-citizens cannot but watch with deep interest the development of this very strong transatlantic experiment. Retaliatory Justice. Capital executions occur in Turkey either as an application of the ancient lexlalionis, of blood for blood, or as the prescribed penalty of the State for certain crimes. The solemn applica tion of the law of blood-revenge took place last month at Rhodes. The bare narration of the facts constitutes an eloquent illustration of oriental cus toms. Askitt, a Greek, excited by jealoueyV assassinated with a dagger, Deacan Xanies, one of the most re spectable inhabitants of the small Island of Khalki. After a few days the murderer was discovered, was brought a prisoner to the capital town of Rhodes, tried and condemned to death. The sentence was confirmed by the Gorvenment at Constantinople, as the regulations require. On the day appointed for the execution, As kiti was brought to the palace , an J found himself standing in the presence of the wife and the nearest relations of the man he had murdered. The Pasha then asked the wife and the re- ations whether they would spare the life of the guilty man, to do which, according, to Turkish law, is still in the power of the aggrieved relatives. They answered unanimously that they required " Blood for blood." With out farther delay, therefore the Gov ernor caused the criminal to be led to the great quay of the city, in pres ence of all the people, the widow and the relations of the deceased following him. The officers in charge then put into the hands of the relatives the fa tal knife which was to be used on the occasion. They received it, and un hesitatingly passed it over to the exe cutioner, declaring, by this formality, that they accepted the responsibility of deed of justice which was about to take place. In a few seconds the blade, with the force of a strong arm, fell upon the bended neck of Askiti, and his head rolled upon the pavement at the first blow. It is more than twenty years since the people of Rhodes had witnessed a similar execu tion. Judicial Wit. It is fold of Lord Northbury that when passing sentence of death upon a man for stealing a watch, he said to the culprit : " My good fellow, you made a grasp at time, but c?ught eternity." ; " For lh Organ.. Glinwood, Feb. 1st, 1853. Dear Sib : When I left Ohio, which was one year ago, you was publishing the Urgan of the lempeance Ketorm. My object in writing now is to ascer tain whether you are still publishing that paper, as I have come to the con clusion that I can not comfortably ex ist any longer without some kind of a temperance paper, to assist us in our good begun work. We have lately organized the first temperance society in the county, and I don't know but it is the only one within a hundred miles. Dram drinking is very fashionable here, as our community is made up by emigrants from all parts of the Union, and too many seem to have left the greatest part of their morality behind. L believe it is generally so with a fron tier settlement, but, sir, I have two lit tle boys growing up, and if you are a parent, you can understand better than I can express what my feelings were, when I found that I must raise my children amid the evil influences of a drinking community. So 1 deter mined to make an effort, and see if we could not do something for our favorite reform. We called a meet ing and had a full house, not because the people felt so much interest in the cause, but because it was such a nov elty to hear a female speak in public. We succeeded beyond our most san guine expectations, for we got upwards of thirty names to the pledge the first evening, and now we have upwards of eighty, and they are composed of the most respected part of our community. Now, we are anxious to keep up the interest that is manifested in behalf of the cause, and if you are still publish ing the Organ, please send me a few numbers, and I will try to get a club subscription for it, and if I cannot, I will send a subscription for myself at least, for I feel the need of assistance in the great work to be done in Iowa. " The harvest is great and the labor ers are few;" but we nre determined to keep doing what little we Can, and, if possible, contribute our mite in crea ting that public sentiment which will, at no distant day, we trust, secure some legal enactment to banish the traffic of intoxicating drinks from this young and promising State. Yours, in the bonds of tho Temper ance Reform, Roxana A. Blackmar. For the Ohio Organ. Plymouth, Richland Couuty, ) April 25th, 1853. Bro. Clark . The monster still rules here, but there has recently been a rally among the friends of temper ance, which, we trust, will result in an abdication of his power. There was an effort made last year by the Sons, who have an organization in the place, to suppress tippling houses, un der the provisions of the old law, and several prosecutions were commenced before the Mayor, (who was a tem perance man) which proved failures, since when the doggeries have been in the ascendant. At our municipal election this spring, the question of temperance and anti-temperance was raised, on which the largest vote ever polled was called out. The temper ance men elected their Mayor and council by a vote of nearly two to one. Soon after the new council was or ganized, it was proposed at a meeting of our Division, to get up a petition among the citizens, asking the coun cil to adopt an ordinance to prohibit the sale of intoxicating drinks as a beverage, within the corporation. Accordingly, petitions were drafted, and put into the hands of a Commit tee of. three ladies to circulate. The result of their labor was such as to make glad the hearts of all who wish to see 4he flood of moral death, which now pervades our land abated. Out of a population of less than 1000 inhabitants, they obtained the names of 208 adult females, and youth over twelve and under twenty-one years old, and 110 names of legal voters, making together 318 who asked the Council for the adoption of an ordi nance to suppress the evil of intem perance. The petitions were pre sented by the ladies to the Mayor and Council, accompanied by an ap propriate address by one of the Com mittee, which was responded to by the Mayor. We believe the Council will now feel that they have sufficient war rant to adopt the ordinance asked for by the petitions, and to enforce its provisions. We have no doubt but it will have a conservative influence upon our citizens, and we recommend the adoption, of a similar course by other towns and municipalities, Yours, fraternally, Messer Barker. For the Organ. Haix of Libertt, Star Division, No. 606. Bro. Clark ; Since my return from the Grand Division the boys have cheered up, and we are going the whole figure. The last rum shop in our township (Liberty,) has been vol untarily closed, and the proprietor thereof, has placed himself under our standard. Every night of meeting our little band increases. We now number over 50. Last summer we raised our flag, and on its folds in scribed the motto " Sons of Temper ance, onward! " We have nailed it to the mast, and are determined to go onward, and "never give up the ship." Since my return the following resolu tion has been passed. Resdved, That we will not vote for any man to any office of honor, profit, or trust, that either makes, buys, or sells, or use3 intoxicating drinks. There is no use ia doing things by halves. This is no time to parley. Commence now at the root, instead of cutting once in a while at the branches; and the monster Alcohol will soon be laid low. In haste, fraternally, yours, &c., G. W. Baxley. The Temperance Press. The Jew York Tribune makes these judicious remarks: " We cannot close without urging the frends of temperance in all sec tions to give a liberal support to their local temperance papers. They have grealty improved in character within a few years, and are now among our best periodicals. Better bring up a son in the weekly perusal of such a paper and leave him no property, than to bequeath him a farm coupled with a habit of drinking alcohol, however moderate his tippling." (& The wealth of California in stock is set down in the census at $38, 162,000. The grain crop last year was worth $7,532,000 ; the grass crop $874,000 ; the vegetables $4,318,000. The total production of the four, near ly $29,000,000. One of the fruit items was 137 bushels of olives. &3T The cash value of the real and personal estate in Tennessee, accord ing to the last census, is $201,246, 656. Here is a startling piece of news trora a TCerliu correspondent of the Literary Ga zette : The newspapers of different coun trips have recently teemed with accounts of Jenny Lind having disbursed vast sums for establishing charitable Institutions in Swe den. Jenny has done nothing of the kind. Since her marriage she has ceased to be profusely liberal." "La Signora Marches Siffanti di San Bartholome wants a nurse, unmarried, to raise a small family of fiveEnglish puppies, pure blooded. The Signora Marchesa will expect the nurse to board at the house of his Excellency, breakfast with the Mar chioness, dine with the servants, and sleep with the dogs. Salary twenty dollars a month,"