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THE OHIO ORGAN OF THE TEMPERANCE REFORM. The Vrisb Tree. Few who are in the habit of either using or seeing the beautiful blac Japan var. nish, which U mucn 'mired for the elegant gloss it hnparte, know whence it is obtained, or are woiumi . m ner in which it is procured, and tbe un i,..tn.PTnosure attending the operation, It is the product of a tree, which grows wild both in China and Japan, it Is cu .io in nlanlatinns, and is so much lm nn,,J hv the treatment it reoeives, that a cultivated tree yields three times as much Tarnish as a wild one. The Chinese call tbe tree "Tsi Shoo;" it has some resem blance to the ash, with leaves shaped like those of the laurel, of a light green color and downy reeling, i nere is scarcely any thing more curious about the trees than the common manner of propagating, which is neither by seeds nor suctera. iariy in the spring a small branch or twig Is selected, a foot and a hair or two feet in length, and a ring of bark cut from it all round, about half an inch in breadth. The wound is immediately coated up with soft clay, and a ball of the same clay formed around five or six inches in diameter. This is then covered up with matting to prevent it from falling to pieces, and a vessel of water hung over with a very minute hole in the under part, sufficient to admit the water to drop slowly upon the ball and keep it constantly moist. In the course of six months, with this treatment, the wounded cdgns of the bark hoot forth into the fiber like roots, which forms the more readily as the tree is still supported by the sap from the pa rent stock. When the twig has taken suf ficient root in the mass of the clay to sup port an independent existence, it is cut from the tree a lit le below the clay, placed im mediately in the earth, and at once becomes a self-sustaining tree. When these trees are seven ereisht vears old, they are capable of supplying the var nish, which is gathered in the following manner : About the middle of summer the laborers proceed to the plantations of the varnish tree, each furnished with a crooked knife and a large number of hollow shells, somewhat larger than oyster shells. With their knives they make numerous incisions in the bark of the trees, about two inches in length, and under each incision they force in the edge of the shell, which easily penetrates me son oarK and remains in the tree. This operation is performed in the evening, as the varnish flows only in the night. The next morning the workmen revisit the trees and bnd each shell either wholly or partially filled with varnish, which they scrape out carefully with their knives, depositing it in a vessel which they carry with them, and throw the shells into a basket at the foot of the tree. In the evening the shells are replaced, and the varnish again collected in the morning. This process is continued throughout the summer, or until the varnish ceases to flow. It iscomputed that fifty trees, which can be attended by a single workman, will yield a pound of varnish every night. When tbe gathering is over, the varnish is strained through a thin cloth, loosely placed over an earthern vessel, and the little impurity that remains is used in physic. The natural color of the varnish is white, and it looks like cream, but it blackens on exposure to the air. There is a corrosive property in the var nish which operates very injuriously to the workmen employed in the preparation of it, if the utmost care and precaution is not ta ken to avoid its distressing effect. A kind of teter appears on the face, and iu the course of a few days spreads over the whole bodv: the skin becomes red the head swells, and the whole surface of the body is covered with troublesome sores. To prevent these effects the workmen rub their bodies well with prepared oil, before they proceed to their work ; they wash themselves with a decoction of herbs and bark, and prepare themselves by a course of medicine. In addition to these precau tions they wrap their beads in linen veils whenever they are at work, leaving only two holes for the eyes ; and also cover themselves with a close dress of leather and wear long gloves reaching above the elbows By these means they are euabled to escape the disease generated by the nox ious vapors of the varnish tree. Boston Journal. Chicago is tbe lumber city of the Lakes. An immense country is furntsht-d. with lumber from that point, and the fine lumber regions about the lower end of Lake Michi gan and Green Bay yield a liberal supply. The Tribune notices the arrival one day last week of seventeen vessels loaded with lumber from Grand River, Two Rivers, St. Joseph, Ac, with over 900,000 feet of lum ber, 2,675,000 shingles, two large masts, and a deck load of timber. There are 124,783 children in Wisconsin who go to school; or nearly one-third of the whole population. Last year, there were 111,431, so that the increase is 13,442. The number of School bouses in the State is 1,730; built the present year 221: volumes in libraries 11.975. Mow Mtrat met hie rata. The sentence of the military commission was read to him with due solemnity. He listened to it as be would have listened to the cannon of another battle duriug hi military life, equal without emotion or bravado. He neither asked for pardon, for delay, nor for appeal. He advanced of his own accord toward the door, as if to accel erate the catastrophe, The door opened on a narrow esplanade, lying between the towers of the castle and the outer walls. Twelve soldiers, with loaded muskets. awaited him there. Tbe narrow space did not permit them to stand a sufficient dis tance to deprive death of a part of iu hor ror. Murat in stepniner over the thresh. hold of bis chamber, found himself face to face with them. Ha refused to let bis eyes be bandaged; and looking at the soldiers. with a firm and benevolent smile, '-My friends," said he, "do not make mesufferby taking bad aim. The narrow SDace natur ally compels you almost to rest the mus iles of your muskets on my breast, do not tremble, do not strike me in the face aim at the heart, here it is." As he spoke thus, he placed his right hand upon his coat, to indicate the position of his heart. In his left hand he held a small medallion, which contained in one focus of love, the imase of his wife and of his four children, as if he wished thus to make them witness of his last hour, or to have their imasa in him lajt look as in his last thought. He fixed his eyes on this portrait, and received the death blow without feeling it, absorbed in contemplation of all he loved upon earth 1 His body, pierced at 60 short a Hi si an by twelve balls, fell with the arms open, and his face to the earth, as if still em bracing the kingdom which he had once possessed, and which he had come to re-conquer for his tomb. They threw his cloak upon his bodv, which was buried in th cathedral of Pizzo. Thus died the most chivalrous soldier of the imperial eoorh: not the greatest but the most heroic figure among the companions of the new Alexan der. Lamartine'i History of the Restoration of the Monarchy in France. Price of Diamonds. Rough diamonds, fit lor cutting, are sold at 1 13s. 4d. to 2 the carat. A carat is ratherfraore than three grains, and 156 carats equal to one ounce Troy. But if the stones are above one carat, the square of the weight is multiplied by the price of a single carat ; so that, for example, a rough stone of three carats costs 3X3X 2 : or 18. It is sim ilar with c it diamonds, and in 1850 the purest brilliants of one carat brought more than S, a bn'lliant of two carats 2X2X 8 ; or 32. When stones are over eirht or ten carats, however, this is altered so that they are valued still more highly. Diamonds of a quarter of an ounce weight are extraordinarily costly, but still larger are met wiih, and one of the largest known is that of the rajah of Mattun, in Borneo, which weighs nearly two ounces and a half; that of the Sultan of Turkey weighs two ounces ; one in the Russian sceptre more than an ounce and a quarter. The greatest diameter of the last is one inch, the thick ness ten lines. The Empress Catharine II purchased it in the year 1772, from Amster dam, and for it was paid 75,000, and an annuity of 650. Diamonds weighing an ounce exist also in the French and Austrian regalia. One of tbe most perfect is the French, known as the Pitt or Recent dia mond. It was bought for Louis XV, from an Englishman named Pitt, for the sum of 135.000 sterling, but has been valued at half a million. One of the etones most re nowned in the east, is the Koh-i-noor, or Mountain of Light, now in possession of the Queen of England. It came from Golconda to Persia, and while uncut weighed more than five ounces, but now polished, only about two ounces. It is valued at more than 2,000,000 sterling. If we look only to the common mode of estimating the value, a perfect brilliant weighing half a pound, would be worth 20,000,000. Some have said that such a diamond exists among the royal treasures of Portugal as large as a hen's egg ; accor ding to others this is only a topaz. Copper. The total amount of copper procured from the mines of the States during the year 1852 was 2,50J tons. There wa con sumed in the country during this time 6,000 tons. It thus appears that with our enor mous resources we don't produce half as much as we consume. This will not always be so. The Lake Superior Copper Regions will soon be made accessible, by the con struction of a ship canal at the falls of the Saut, and propellers will then be able to pass from all parts of the world directly to and from the mines, without breaking bulk. We shall soon be heavy exporters of cap per, as we have the metal in larger masses and in greater abundance than any other nation. O. S. Jour., April. The Indians of Minnesota held a council on the 26th ult., at which they declared their intentions to remain where they are. As this is in direct conflict with the terms of a recent treaty, we may expect difficulty In that quarter. . New Method or making Misaoiis. Ths Editor of the Prattsville Advocate has been shown by the Rev. L. L. Hill, the inventor of "Hlllotvping," a method of silvering glass, which he considers of great practical value in the manufacture of mirrors. " Mr. Hill took a small glass, such as DjiaMiArrA4na iiaa for nnvorinn. thaii. ni.inM. P. 1 , . """" K"-""' and in forty second1 it was transformed into a perfect mirror perfect In every respect. We kept an eye upon it the whole time; the process was explained, and the result can not be excolled. Out of some three hun dred experiments which Mr. Hill has made, he has never failed in making a perfect mirror. "In this mode of 'silvering' glass, there Is not a particle of tbe usual amalgam of tin-foil and quicksilver, but it Is composed wholly of pure atid unadulterated silver. The discovery was made while he was ex perimenting on glass, with a view of adapt ing it to Heliochromy, never dreaming of its beautiful application to the manufacture of mirrors. The invention did not cost him an hour's study, and he has already had liberal offers for the right to manufacture, together with the knowledge of doing so. The expense of manufacturing mirrors, by this new and durable method, will Dot, we think, exceed half the cost of manufactur ing the kind now used ; besides, they are always perfect, and no art of man can de face them, without breaking them to pieces. We hazard nothing in predicting that it will create an entire revolution in tbe art of making mirrors, and that in a few years, at most, tnere will not be a mirror of the kind now used, to be found in the country." Atmospheric Tklkosaph. The Boston Advertiser, in describing this new inven tion, Liakes the following statements in ad dition to the statements we have already published : The speed is estimated at about one thou- tuu iu ues iu aii oour. rue apparatus is so arranged that there can be intermediate stations upon the line. We aie informed that the apparatus has met with the ap proval of several gentlemen competent to form a sound opinion, who have examined it. The patent right for the machine is owned by the Atmospheric Telegraph Com pany, of which Mr. Richardson is agent. Subscription books have been opened, of a company under the name oi the " New York and Boston Atmospheric Despatch Company," to construct a line between Boston and New York. The tube of this line, it is proposed, shall be two feet in diameter. The cost of laying it down is estimated at $2,00 per mile. There will be supply valves as often as nee in twenty five miles, and intermedate stations at suitable points; for instance, at Worcester, Springfield, Ac. Hourly mails mav be inadtt un nnri lABnafnl.nl . . e them at fixed hours stopping at the stations, and the others proceeding through direct. It is expected that letters and parcels from New York would be delivered in Boston in less than half an hour. If a certain amount of matter is presented, it is claimed fLat the actual cost of transportation is not more than half that of any other method, while it is twenty times as fast. Tho line need not be straight, but can be curved so as to follow the face of tbe ground, or underline the channels of rivers. We are iuformed that Mr. Richardson has had in successful operation a line of three inch tube a mils in length. Curiosity American Antiquities. A letter to the Hon. Truman Smith, from the Lake Superior mines, says : ' We have put in the box apiece of wood, or of a skid, that was twenty feet long when found, ly ing twenty feet under the surface oi tbe earth, and a mass of copper lying thereon, mined out of the vein, weighing five tons and one thousand five hundred and forty two pounds. Every particle of the rock was hammered off from it, and immedi ately about the mass were found two cop per tools, that showed copper to have been welded and hardened. A large number of hammers, made from stone, were lying around it, and also some coal and ashes to all appearance as ftesh as though they had been made last year. Vegetable soil to the depth of four or six feet, overlaid the whole, on which, and immediately over this mass of copper, was standing a tree, winch proved, on being cut down, to be over five hundred years old.". Important to PontmaBters."""" The Savannah Courier of the 19th ult says :-A ease was tried, during the recent session of the U S. Circuit Court in this C ' ?UKul t0 be generally under- stood both by the people and the officials who have charge of the various post offices Slfe T-try- The Piaster at Sylvama m Scr.ven countf, was ar raigned and fined fifty dollarsfor delay in? a letter in his office. The law makes it the imperative duty of every postmaster, to forward ail mail mat ter deposited one half hour before the de parture of the mail, unless a longer time should be granted by the Postmaster Gen eral on account of the business in the office. Temperance Meeting. In accordance with public notice, the citizens of California met in the church on Saturday evening, April 30th, to consult upon the best means to be adopted for the suppression of in temperance. Capt. Riley was called to the chair, and W. E. Mears appointr ed Secretary On motion. Mr. HI AA throne of grace in behalf of the cause ui temperance. On motion. Cant. .Tnnonh Tina (1 W. Murdock and Amos Waite were appointed a committee to drnft rpunln. tiuns expressive of the object of the While the Committor! were nrpr.nr. ing the resolution Mr. Rice, by invita tion, very eloquently and imDressivelv addressed the audience, after which the following resolutions were offered by committee for the adoption of this meeting: Whereat. The necessitv of a nnmbi. nation against the vice of intemperance is apparent when we cast our even II - J around us and see its baneful efforts upon society, and when we reflect that it has been for centuries under the guardianship and protection of the civ il government after years of laborious effort to dislodge it; and believing that each State in this confederacy has the right, under the Constitution of the United States, to make laws to sup press the traffic in alcoholic liquors, therefore. Resolved. That we here hv resnpo.t. fully, but earnestly, request the differ ent political parties to nominate for the office of the next Legislature men that are in favor of stringent liquor laws. Resolved, That a c ompliance with this, our request, will be the surest method of keeping party politics and temperance seperate. But by disre garding our request it will compel us to nominate such men as are in favor of the adoption of a law similar in its fundamental principles to the Maine Lrquor law, Rfolned. That th ori last Legislature is an unmistakable in dication that the legislation demanded by the friends of temperance can net L. A,.' 1 . ue ooiainea except irom men elected for that specific purpose. Resolved. That we will nntvnto x , - " vvw I VI any man for the next Lerrislahirs ivb is not pnblicly pledged in favor of the adoption of a law similar in its funda mental principles to the Maine law. Resdved, That the foregoing reso lutions be published in the noli'tirl papers of the county, On motion, Doct. Sherwood then addressed tbe audience, vividly por traying the evils of intemnerannp. nnd with many convincing proofs and ar gumects, clearly demonstraing the ne cesity and expediency of adopting pro hibitory laws in regard to the sale of ardent spirits, and recommended the adoption of the foregoiny resolutions. On motion, an invitation was given to any person who objected to the spir it of the resolutions to state their ob jections, but none were offered; when, upon motion, the resolutions were unanimously adopted by a standing vote. The negative being called for, not one arose in opposition. At the colse of proceedings, Rev. G. Rice addressed the German portion of the audience in their own language. After several short and appropriate addresses from gentlemen interested in the common cause of humanity, a vote of thanks was tendered the speakers, and the meeting adjourned. W. E. MEARS Sec'y. Linen that has long been Stained. Rub the stains on each side with wet brown soap ; mix some starch to a thick paste, with cold water, and spread it over the soaped places ; then expose the linen to the air, and if the stains have not disap peared in three or four days, rub off the mixture, and repeat the process with fresh soap and starch. Afterward, dry it, wet it with cold water, and put it in the wash.