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Ganges 'CanaL ' f 1 The Ganges eVual has rs dybeeft heard of oct lf India, but it k one of the grandest Undertakings of the present day. It is bring con structed" under Uhf' directions, and, at the eipepse of the government, main ly for the purpose of irrigating the level," fertile tracts between the Gan ges and Jumna, but also to afford the means of transporting the produc tion of the country to the head of navigation in. , the , former river, , at Cawnpore. The labor of more than tea years have already been expended on it, and four or five years more will be required to complete it-- It will be 80 feet wide, varying in depth accord ing to the season, but probably aver aging 8, feet, and, inclu- bg its numer ous branches, will, hare an extent of 800 miles! It taps the Ganges at Hundwar 18 miles to the north-east of this place and returns to it again at Cawnpore, a distance of more than 400 miles. The total cost, when compleied, will not fall far short of 2,000,000, out it is expected to yield a return of 600,000 annually, this calculation is based upon the success of the East and West Jumna canals which are, comparatively, on a small scale.. The former of these was finished in 1825, since when it has paid all the expenses of construction, together with an annual interest of 5 per cent, thereupon, and 320,000 clear profit. The latter, finished a few years since, has paid the cost and interest, with 30.000 profit. The use of the water for irrigation is not obligatory upon the inhabitants, but they are generally quite willing to avail themselves of it.. There are three ways in which it is furnished to them: fin-t. by villages, or companies of Cultivators, contracting for as much as they want; secondly, by a fixed rate per acre, according to the kind of gram, rice being the most expensive, and cotton the cheapest: and thirdly, by renting an outlet of a certain fixed dimension, at so much per year. Along lie Jumna canal, the people do not wait, as formerly, to see whether the crops will be likely to succeed without irrigation, but employ it in all seasons, and are, thereby, assured of a constant return for their labor. The Ganges canal will be of vast import ance in increasing the amount of grain produced iu Hindostan, the de sign of the government being, to ren der famine impossible. It is hoped that such a dreadful spectacle as the famine of 1 838, when hundreds of thousands perished from want, will never again be seen in India. That such things have happened, is the nat ural result of the tenure by which land is held and cultivated. The gov ernment is the proprietor, and the ze mindars, pr tenants, pay 75 percent of the essessed value of the products. The land is sub-let by the zemindars to the ryots, or laborers, and these, the poor and ignorant millions of In dia, of course gain little or nothing beyond a bare subsistence. 11 the crops fail, they have nothing at all. The Ganges canal will,, therefore, to a certain extent, prevent famine, by assuring perennial crops. It will en rich the government, because, in ad dition to the sale of the water, it will increase the rent of the lands as they 1 J l-. r ; - tl uecume productive, uui it win very slightly mitigate the condition of the ryots. The greatest modern work in India, is the canal aqueduct over the Salanee river, at this place. ; It is entirely constructed of brick, and, including the abutments, it is about a quarter of a mue in length, by 180 feet in breadth. There are sixteen arches. of about seventy feet 6pan, and rising twenty leet aoove the river, the foun dations of the piers being gunk twen tyfeet below the bed. The arches are four feet thick, in order to support OHIO ORGAN OF TnETETvIFEIOCNCE ItttFOKMT tfcs intiens i pr'sur of such a body ofiwat iiv f He dre of workme ara at f rese t ei plojed on the tru., ture, and tmalKrai'road has been laid down, for bringing the materials. A locomotive, was, imported from Eng land, but, tjbriuglji te neglect of vthe native firemen, soon' became a wreck.' During tfca short tima it was in opera tion, a greatt number of accidents o curred; It Was found almost Impos sible to keep the natives pfl , the track. Their stupidity in this respect is as tonishing. If you hare a hard heart, you ' may run over as many as you like in a morning's ride for they will assuredly not get. put of . your way, unless you force theni to it. Bayard Taylor.,. 1 la it Necessary t An opinion pre vails that alcoholio liquors are need ful, in the climate of California, for the preservation of health, and manj physicians promote this Idea by their habit of prescribing them in almost every case of disease or convalescence. We observe that Dr. King, of the U. S. Army, who has been stationed at Monterey for several years, in an es rav nn thn riiKRARpn of the countrv. condemns the practice, and declares that strong dnnk is less needed ana more hurtful in California than in many other climates, and that much disease is produced bv the habit ot using them for the ostensible purpose of preventing sickness. We suspect that those physicians who diner trom Dr. King on this question will be found among such as are fond of tak ing their own medicines. Qalijornia Temp, Organ, . Thk Two Retained. The Con necticut Legislature has refused to withhold its sanction from the grog business. 1 he grog "merchants ' (that is the term, we believe) are to be retained and have a patent for re spectability in the shape of a license. And the Connecticut House of Rep resentatives has finally rejected the bill to abolish capital punishment, by a large majority.' It is nowise sur prising that they are a little beside themselves with a fearful anticipation of murders. . ' ; . ...Forth Ohio Organ. .' . Geauga Co. -, Newbury, July 5, 1 853. Bro. Clark: We have just closed a most glorious temperance celebra tion of our National Anniversary. ' The committee of arrangements had engaged the services of Bro. Warren Jenkins, of Columbus, as one of the speakers on the occasion, also of Rev. Freeman Yates, of Michigan, for another. They had also endeavored to secure the attend ance of Bro. Cary, and had had some partial encouragement to expect him; but more important engagements kept him away and lrom some unexplained cause, Mr. Yates failed to reach the ground. 1 The Painesville brass band, and the Painesville and Newbury Divisions of the Sons attended in full regalia, and the citizens of our county turned out en masse. It is estimated that three thousand people were in attendance. Geauga county never saw a prouder day. The attendance embraced profes sional, classical, legal and medical men, to a great extent. The fanners were out in great numbers. The la dies, too, were ofct in full strength, and their faces, (God bless them I) were redolent with smiles and anima tion.' The . committee were highly gratified at the demonstration, and their only cause of anxiety was the lack of speakers. We had confidence in Bro. Jenkins, but as he was com paratively a new man in the temper ance cause, we certainly had some misgivings about his ability to sustain himself unaided, in such a congrega tion, coming together as they did, with pe4tau n8 of hear J? Ya! s, and other I t, ?n. s try ti ied voter us h tht cau: e. But. whatever of "anxiety the com mittee had, on this score, vanished be fore Bro. Jenkins had jipoknrteiv rni Jes. TheatidieM j were! at dhce rfvitetHto th speaker, and he held them, to-iha .- end, oi-a-aearly two hours' speech, with undiminished, sat-, lsfaction.t 1 We1 aave 'never keen" a more Btrictlx attentiye jsongregafen; scarcely one stirred from his position during the entire speech. Sometimes they were in a roar of laughter sometimes hanging on his words with suppressed breath, and. at piejcjose, it was pronounced by apparently a unan imous voice that the speaker had won honors to himself, and stirred up an, enthusiastic and unflinchingly.' deter mined Bupport of Maine Law temper ance, never Detore existing in ;-uia Geauga." . The exercises were interspersed with prayer, reading the Declaration of independence, most splendid sing; ing by the choir, and music by the band. At the conclusion of 'the speech, the company formed, in pro cession and marched to the bower of Mr. Burnett, where ! a dinner' had been prepared by the host in a most eicelJent . style; the only draw-back being that there were thrice as many hungry guests as had been anticipa ted, though not less than three hun dred plates had been set! After din ner, the procession returned to the grove, expecting to hear Mr. Yates, who was confidently expected, up to that hour, but as he did not appear, after singing and music; Bro. Jenkins, at our request, again took the stand, and to our very happy disappointment; we found the last better than the first. We regret that , many of our friends who came from a distance had left,! for they lost the richest part of the' day. The afternoon discourse, was more vivacious, presented more strik ing illustrations, and was received with greater manifestations of satis faction, than that of the morning. The spirit was up, though no spirit had been poured down, and when the speech closed, there was a unanimous expression of delighted satisfaction.' Our good friend Blakesley1,1 of Chagrin' Falls, was called out and made' a few1 capital remarks. ' ' 1 1 ': ' '', M " ' A series of true blue, Maine Law, temperance . resolutions, were unani mously adopted, as were alsof resolu tions of thar.ks to the band and choirs for their very acceptable services. ' ' A resolution of thanks to the speak ers was then put, and carried with a shout of acclamation that could not but have been gratifying to our wor thy brother, as a manifestation of the approbation of the audience, of his masterly efforts, On the whole, we assure you it was a proud day for our county. The weather was perfectly delightful, and not an untoward event marred the peace of any one. Rest assured, Geauga is not only all right herself, but she will lend a helping hand to others. '!; A pledge of fifty dollars was given as our contribu tion to the fund of the State Execu tive Committee. A committee in each township was appointed to can vass for voters, and to solicit funds, and an additional committee to secure good and able temperance speakers to traverse the county. We hope you will find room for this communication in the Organ. It will, we trust, en courage every temperance man to re newed effort, and it is but an act of justice toward Bro. Jenkins, who at great inconvenience to himself con tributed so largely to the pleasure and happy results of the day. Geauga county will send her politicians in boots to the Legislature, the coming fall. Yours in L. P. A F. ¬ Jonas AlASHOUSK, V In behalf of the Com. of Arr. Ir "hi -; rais J i HI Ji r tb Okl Orfta. C ive .and, Jaly 5. 1853. F. :f. (Ti ARK: If Vf ll think ika IVJ- . - - . . . . j iwi- lowing will aid in the' advancement of our glorious nterpri$e, and jwortli place 4 your; columns, you an vose ot it as vou please. We r ing omething, an4 think we shall verr soon get me mama ajbw ior our city. yve.nave the puouo sentiment with us. One church has spoken out boldly. Heaf HT ' Wherma, W0 belieye that the use of and traffic in intoxicating drinks as a beverage, is very injurious to the morals of our city, as well as a direct hindrance to the advancement bf thA principles of Christianity, therefore Rtsolved, By the I First Wesleyan Church and . Society , of , Cleveland, that a law prohibiting the use of and traffic in intoxicating drinks as a bev erage, would advance the temporal, moral, and religious interests of our city, our State, and the world. Resolve That we do respectfully ask nay, we do earnestly yrgt npon our City Council, the necessity of the immediate passage of an ordinance containing all the essential principles of the Maine Law.' , , , , Resolved, That these resolutions be signed by the pastor and secretary of the church, and be presented to the City Council, at their next meeting. Now we believe that the above church action is what is wanted. We believe also that the churches of our State, are very far behind the age, in this as well as , some other moral en terprises. We believe it to be the imperious duty of the clergy and churches of every Christian denomi nation, to step upon the Maine Law platform, ' and contend earnestly and manfully nd unceasingly, for the tassage of a stringent prohibitory aw. We deem it one of the essential elements of Christian du'y. u-We think also that no person using, traf ficing in or manufacturing the, ac cursed stuff as a beverage, or build- ing or renting buildings to be used for the sale of the same, can do so with out violating his Christian integrity. I am aware that , this is taking high ground, but if churches and members thereof, do not take high ground, who must lead them? 1 The time for action is at hand, and action must be had: if those; whb profess to stand high in the scale of moral purity1 and Christianity -those to whom the' rworId haS beert taught to1 look! up ' as an example) do not lead the way, they must bQ cbhtent.' to ' follow- for " action ' will come,' and 'success will be 6urs!4 Then, Christians and churches, arouse! Corns to the hreachl the battle will be nobly won, and our 'banner will fldat proudly over our fair State, with tni happy and ' cheering inscriptions "No more bowing1 ; the' knee to the shrine of Bacchus,"1 and the "Maine Law Forever!" . J1;,ii:" - Our Division is .in a prosperous conditionJ ' We 'are organizing Alii4 ances in other parts ot the countyi and have in prospect the organization of' more Divisions. We are also lay ing plans for: Vigorous action in' the coming campaign. We hope to 'glye a good account of Old Cuyahoga next fall,: . :.:,!,... ' It has pleased God, In his provi dence, to remove from among us the head of our Order in this State, in the person of our beloved brother, Thos. H. ComIiings, G. W. P.; who died at the Forest City House, in this city, on Friday morning, 'the 26th inst. ! He had arrived here the day before his death, in company with his mother and brother, for the purpose of visit ing the Water Cure Establishmant of his city; and his remains were taken to the place of his lormer residence, for interment. ; - ' ' " ': . ; : ' ' ! Fraternally Yours, for the Maine Law,' 'u .-v,-;.., A Son. : FT ahoga Co.