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THE OHIO ORGAN OF THE TEMPERANCE REFORM.
362 Common Sense against the Eaine . law. This little more than ordinarily common tented sheet manifests some what of disgust that the Organ should have styled Dow the Kossuth of the temperance reform. NoW, while we have some serious misgivings at the idea of entering into a controversy with that ably conducted paper, we dislike exceedingly to have it under rate our opinion. We know that we subject ourselves to the ridicule and contumely that may he retorted by the "scientific pen of Dr. Johnson," who has shown in many instances as clear as mud, and in some, clearer, that intemperance is not an evil, and has recently elucidated to the satisfac tion of all his patrons in an elaborate didactic poem, that "water is disgust ful," yet we shall venture a remark in the way of self-defense. His pre mises are, 1st, "Kossuth labors for the freedom of his conntry" 2d, "Dow tries his utmost to enslave his Fatherland" inference, they are not alike. His second premise being a lie, of course the syllogism is destroyed, and no correct conclusion can follow; 2d, he brings in his medical skill, and argues that, were the Maine Law to pass, and liquor to be banished, those cravings for it, in the human breast would never be annihilated. Well, we admit that none know so well about this matter as those who know by ex perience, yet we beg leave to differ from the Doctor here, for we think that he would whine no longer over this bereavement, than he probably did in "langsyne" when weaned from maternal nourishment though he might. But his conclusion is more than doubly sorcre: he certainly must have dipped his pen very deep into the ink of calumny, or the devil wielded very tiiumphantly his hand when he wrote the following shameful para graph: b. 'Yes, Nkal Dow, your fame will last for a time, and then will turn in to shame; it will stand prominent among those names not born to die, among that category of celebrities where we meet the names of Judas IsCARIOT, ErOSTRATUS, BENEDICT Ah- uold, and Aaron Burr, traitors to their benefactors, to their countries." M3T Two men in Illinois, near La con, stole a bottle of rum, as they supposed; they both drank of it in such haste that its pungency and dead ly power were not discovered until too late to avert the evil. It turned out to be nitric acid, procured for the pur poses of galvanizing. But a moment elapsed before they fell to the earth, overwhelmed with the most intense and excruciating pain, which would ensue if they had .swallowed red-hot coals. Death soon ensued. Dela ware Herald. The foregoing is very suggestive of the contrast between the effects of the two poisons, nitric acid, and liquor: the one strikes down its victim in an instant, the other breeds a Ml in the human breast, that wars and wran gles unceasingly with reason, drives the soul from its palace, and at last, commissions a "legion of foul fiends" to await it to the regions of everlast ing deathl Oh! what a funeral pro cession attends the soul of the drunk ard to its eternal home. - - Green County Again. Last week we noticed the tate of affairs in this county, and the position of the Pe moc ratio party. Since then we lay re ceived the proceedings of the Democratic Nominating Convention. We annex the remarks of two of its members, which will explain the object and present position of the party. We ask for them an attentive perusal. "Capt Murphy, of Sugarcreek, rose and addressed the Chair. Be wanted to know whether this meeting intended to settle the question as to whether a democratic ticket was or was not to be nominated. He was opposed to any such nomination. He thought he saw a chance for a split among the Whigs, and if there should be one, he wanted to nave a c nance to put in, witnout being tramelled with a democratic ticket. It was with great repugnance that he should vote for a whig, but he could so almost any thing rather than see a man favorable to the Maine Law elected. He moved that this meeting declare against the nomination of a ticket for the next election. "Mr. Gordon, of Xenia, replied. He thought he saw through the movements of the gentleman and his backers. There were certain whigs who were diasalisfied with the recent whig nominations, and who had been bidding up for democratic rotes to be used for the benefit of an independent tick et, to be made up entirely of whigs. These gentlemen had been making their proposi tions to certain democrats for the vote of the party of the county, and he should re gard an affimative vote upon the motion now before the house as the assent of this meeting that the party might be told out, body, boots and breeches, and transferred to anti Maine Law whiggery.' As an humble mem ber of the party, he protested against such a sale and transfer. He was opposed to the Maine Law, but he was still more strongly opposed to the plan of transferring the party to the support of whigs who had lost favor and cast with their own party, and who were willing to lead the democracy against their old friends, provided tney could nave the offices and the honors. He wanted the democracy to nominate a ticket, and to stand bv it to the last. If beaten, at least self-respect and honor would be left but if sold tut by leaders ana transferred like cattle, what honest democrat but would hide his head in shame. "The motion cf Capt. Murphy was then put and declared carried by the Chair, and the meeting adjourned." - , Now, we have no interest in this matter farther than our temperance principles carry us ; and as we have about seven hundred subscribers in Oreen, we feel it to be our duty to give them correct information, no matter which party is injured. The remark of Capt. Murphy, that "he could go almost anything rather than see a Mains Law man elected," is in very bad taste, and to defeat him, he is willing to swallow a 'live Whig,' whisky and all! Let the temperance Democrats imitate the captain's example in one thing lay aside all political prejudices, and vote for Dr. Greene, who is pledged to support the Maine Law. This appears to be the only question at issue, so far aa the election of Senator and Representative ia concerned. We hope that every friend of the Law will stand by Dr. Greene, as there will be a tremendous effort on the part of whiBky Whigs and Democrats to defeat him. The line has been drawn by our opponents, and temperance men owe it to themselves, and to the honor and glory of their country, to defeat this unholy alliance. Cause and Effect. We extract the following from the Indi ana "(Jhart "Dr. Soule, a son of Bishop Soule, was found in the yard of Mr. Cobura, on last Wednesday morning, nearly dead from an attack of delirium tremens. He died before he could be taken home. We understand that his family are in Ohio at present He has long been of intemperate habits. He came to this city about eighteen years ago, ana, we Deueve, engaged lor a wain ia me practice of his profession, which was den tistry ; but his intemperate habits soon strengthened upon him, until he could do nothing at it. He has been for a long time doing nothing for himself or anybody else a useless member of society, being a great part of Ue time under the influence of al cohol." , i , i D" George F. Brooks and James B. Hee nan, citizens of Zanesville, Ohio, died re cently in New Orleans, of, yellow fever. They were both most excellent young men. , r CT Ill-gotten goods prosper not long. Temperance and the IZaine Law. ' Intelligent men are just now giving much serious thought to the subject of Txupia. ahob LioieLATioN. The text which they adopt, as the basis of their reflections, is wnat is designated as the name Law. As suming, as many do, not only that the ob ject proposed by the law la a good one, but wi mid uiBBUB wnicu lb uviut:a nro con- sistent with the principles of right, and the best that can be devised to secure the end in view, the question appears to be, "can it be carried into effect ?' 1 Well, can the Maine Law be carried into effect in Ohio ? The reply is, almost in variably, "We fear it cannot." Why? "Be cause," say oar thinking friends, "the minds of the people are net prepared lor it." Now, while we sympathise to the fullest possible degree With the philanthro pic desires or our temperance inenus, we must be permitted to say that we fear the idea set forth above is illogical that it is founded on incorrect views of man's nature, and of in imnroDer aRtimate of the power of law and the functions of legislation. If assumes that a time for the reception of the Maine Law may arrive when it provisions will fully harmonize with the genius of the twonle. w ny are tne people oi unio not prepare for the reception of the Maine Law ? Is . .. i r A. . . 1 there any want of knowledge of the evils of intemperance ? mere cannot oe. r ii mere is a subject within the whole range of hu man knowledge, upon which the masses in the United States may be said to be fully advised, Instructed and Indoctrinated, it is that of the evils of intemperance. All that the popular mind can contain of facts, sta tistics and illustrations, it has. It under stands intemperance, individually and col lectively, as a private vice, and as a great national curse, evil and sin. The drunk ards that reel along the streets admit all that can be charged against intoxicating drinks. No, it is not for the want of the knowledge of the evils of intemperance that the people of Ohio are not prepared to re ceive the Maine Law ; for if more knowl edge is required, it will be necessary to await the enlargement of the human capaci ty, before the Taw and the popular condi tion can be expected to coincide and har monize. Is there any want of conviction of the sin of making, vending, and above all, of drink ing intoxioating things? We say, no. Starting from tne farthest corner of the whisky region, and canvassing the entire population, from thence to the great centre of the rectifying trade in Cincinnati, you will scarcely find a man who is not ready to admit that the tnakinir is wrone. tiie sell ing is wrong, and the drinking is wrong ; that they are all offenses against the obli gations or man, ana sins against uoo. , : Then wherein consists the want of pre sent preparation to be supplied by any probable revolution in sentiment or opinion? Will a greater amount of enlightenment will more facts, more statistics, more tem perance lectures, bring whisky-makers to a more profound sense of their responsibili ties teach whisky-sellers to respect more tenderly the flaws and feelings of human ity, or induce whisky-drinkers to refrain from putting that enemy in their mouths, which they know will steal away their brains i : Will all these appliances ever in duce these three great classes to join in praying for a law that shall strangle the worm of the distillery, cork np the cask of the vender, and put a stopper upon the mouth of the soul who thirsts? We are afraid not. i ; . , . In point of actual knowledge and specu lative belief, as preparing the way for the reception of the Maine Law;, Ohio is about all she can be expected to be ; and yet, our thinking friends fear we are not prepared. And in that opinion we suspect they are right. Now, admitting that the Maine Law is proper and consistent with the constitu tion of humanity, what further preparation is there to be realized, or can we expect ? Fact and opinion, knowledge and belief. we have what more can we have ? We answer, a revival of the sentiment of temperance as a living principle in the hearts of the people. Hers is the root and founda tion of all temperance reform, and that we have not If we had it, the cold water re formation, inspired with a force of its own, would move forward and worn out its tri umphs without the assistance of legislation of any kind. In short, in order to be pre pared to carry the Maine Law into effect, we require precisely that state of things which will render it unnecessary. Is it not ro, Messrs. Maine Law advocates! In the midst of all your zeal do you not feel it so 1 And is there not, with you, a lingering fear that you are traveling in the wrong di rection ? ' s - If the Maine Law were made the law of the SUte to-day, there would be little or no resistance to its execution, and yet it would not be executed.'1 It would not be resisted because people believe that whisky making, whisky-helling and whisky-drinking are wrong; it would not be executed because the people are not convinced that laws to restrain whisky-making, whisky selling aad whisky-drinking are right. God ku divided the function of legislation be tween nimseu anq manxind. He has al lowed the human law-giver to legislate 1 against and punish those offenses which er , direct infractions of the social obligations t .i l u. ;i .. ' . wuiw wuprcm win iirev injury is upon tne perpetrator, he has reserved fpr retribution ' 1 ' at his own hand. Of the first class, mur der leads the catalogue ; suicide of the second. Now we are but a student in ethics, and only speak didactically because it saves oircumuwuuun. i nere are men -who have devoted much time to the subject of temperance legislation ; and yet we have never seen an essay wherein it was attempt- ed to define the line where human legisla- . tion upon morals should stop. There is such a question, and it is an important one? Another view : Does not that very gen eral opinion that the law cannot be carried into effect, indicate something else besides the want of a proper sense in regard to the evils of intemperance among the people , When laws of great stringency are passed especially those in restraint of individual vice they are not, in general, executed. It la a reason very easily given for this state of things, that "our moral standard Is too low to permit a law so good to be carried into effect ;" but is it always the true one ? Laws are inefficacious for other reasons because they bver punish, and because they meaaie wnu mat wnicn numan legislatures ' have no right to touch. People feel when they do not reason, and feeling, always ac-, ting upon trne premises, while reason often ' predicates its action upon wrong ones, is frequently right, and overrules the intellect ; and from what we can learn, the Maine Law in its own State is already being re-, pealed by the feeling of the people, who are convinced that it is somehow wrong In principle, though they may not have been able to suggest a single argument to prove . it so Cincinnati Commercial. ,r We believe that the argument of the "Commercial" is about half right. There is no doubt but that a thorough and uni versal ''revival of the sentiment of temper ance, as a living principle, In the hearts of the people,'! would do away with the ne-v cessity of law on this subject So if the cardinal virtues of heaven were in the hearts of all men, earth would be a "paradise,'' the home of peace, and men, like "angels, ' could dwell harmoniously together without the aid of law. . This is going to the very bottom of the whole matter. But the mis fortune is, men are depraved. They will stand "unmoved" and witness the burning incu.bus sweep away the ranks of their fel lows I they see its blighting march, they acknowledge its deadly effects ; and though they may fear its ravages, yet a "pure" and "holy" zeal for its eradication is seldom found.' It would be precisely the same method of reasoning to argue that, if there, existed a "virgin" sentiment in regard to all criminal misdemeanors, there would be no necessity of law to regulate them, as that such a sentiment will regulate (he traffic in intoxicating beverages. We admit that that would be the best of all remedies ; but in this sin-stricken world we cannot hope for such a state of things. We must have human laws to help society along. We ac knowledge that "God has divided the func tion of legislation between himself and mankind ; and we mistrust very seriously that you will seldom ever find two men who will agree on the exact mark at which human legislation should cease, and God' law begin, although such a mark exists. But, as the "Commercial" says, "he has al lowed the heman lawgiver to legislate against and punish those offenses which are direct infractions of , the social obligation.'' And if the liquor traffic be not an infraction of this obligation, in the name of heaven, we would ask, what is ? We do not agree with the "Commercial," that the Maine Law would be inefficacious . because the people would think it wrong to execute it. A majority of the people are becoming so well convinced of the dreadful state of in temperance to which society is tending, that they would feel it their duty to execute it. It is hard to see a miserable creature strung np between the' earth and heavens, for wil fully poisoning one of his fellow-creatures ; but no one. shrinks from, it as wrong, be cause it is in accordance with reason and law, both human and divine. He who deals out ardent spirits to his fellow-men, is virtually poisoning . them, giving them a drug which eats out their life' vitality by degrees Then why should it seem unjust or inhuman that he should also be punished to the measure of his guilt ? It is a mistake v