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The Ohio organ, of the temperance reform. (Cincinnati, [Ohio]) 1853-1854, September 02, 1853, Image 6

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Common Sense against the Eaine
. law.
This little more than ordinarily
common tented sheet manifests some
what of disgust that the Organ should
have styled Dow the Kossuth of the
temperance reform. NoW, while we
have some serious misgivings at the
idea of entering into a controversy
with that ably conducted paper, we
dislike exceedingly to have it under
rate our opinion. We know that we
subject ourselves to the ridicule and
contumely that may he retorted by
the "scientific pen of Dr. Johnson,"
who has shown in many instances as
clear as mud, and in some, clearer,
that intemperance is not an evil, and
has recently elucidated to the satisfac
tion of all his patrons in an elaborate
didactic poem, that "water is disgust
ful," yet we shall venture a remark
in the way of self-defense. His pre
mises are, 1st, "Kossuth labors for
the freedom of his conntry" 2d,
"Dow tries his utmost to enslave his
Fatherland" inference, they are not
alike. His second premise being a lie,
of course the syllogism is destroyed,
and no correct conclusion can follow;
2d, he brings in his medical skill, and
argues that, were the Maine Law to
pass, and liquor to be banished, those
cravings for it, in the human breast
would never be annihilated. Well,
we admit that none know so well about
this matter as those who know by ex
perience, yet we beg leave to differ
from the Doctor here, for we think
that he would whine no longer over
this bereavement, than he probably
did in "langsyne" when weaned from
maternal nourishment though he
might. But his conclusion is more
than doubly sorcre: he certainly must
have dipped his pen very deep into the
ink of calumny, or the devil wielded
very tiiumphantly his hand when he
wrote the following shameful para
graph: b.
'Yes, Nkal Dow, your fame will
last for a time, and then will turn in
to shame; it will stand prominent
among those names not born to die,
among that category of celebrities
where we meet the names of Judas
uold, and Aaron Burr, traitors to
their benefactors, to their countries."
M3T Two men in Illinois, near La
con, stole a bottle of rum, as they
supposed; they both drank of it in
such haste that its pungency and dead
ly power were not discovered until too
late to avert the evil. It turned out
to be nitric acid, procured for the pur
poses of galvanizing. But a moment
elapsed before they fell to the earth,
overwhelmed with the most intense
and excruciating pain, which would
ensue if they had .swallowed red-hot
coals. Death soon ensued. Dela
ware Herald.
The foregoing is very suggestive of
the contrast between the effects of the
two poisons, nitric acid, and liquor:
the one strikes down its victim in an
instant, the other breeds a Ml in the
human breast, that wars and wran
gles unceasingly with reason, drives
the soul from its palace, and at last,
commissions a "legion of foul fiends"
to await it to the regions of everlast
ing deathl Oh! what a funeral pro
cession attends the soul of the drunk
ard to its eternal home.
- - Green County Again.
Last week we noticed the tate of affairs
in this county, and the position of the Pe
moc ratio party. Since then we lay re
ceived the proceedings of the Democratic
Nominating Convention. We annex the
remarks of two of its members, which will
explain the object and present position of
the party. We ask for them an attentive
"Capt Murphy, of Sugarcreek, rose and
addressed the Chair. Be wanted to know
whether this meeting intended to settle the
question as to whether a democratic ticket
was or was not to be nominated. He was
opposed to any such nomination. He
thought he saw a chance for a split among
the Whigs, and if there should be one, he
wanted to nave a c nance to put in, witnout
being tramelled with a democratic ticket.
It was with great repugnance that he should
vote for a whig, but he could so almost any
thing rather than see a man favorable to the
Maine Law elected. He moved that this
meeting declare against the nomination of
a ticket for the next election.
"Mr. Gordon, of Xenia, replied. He
thought he saw through the movements of
the gentleman and his backers. There were
certain whigs who were diasalisfied with
the recent whig nominations, and who had
been bidding up for democratic rotes to be
used for the benefit of an independent tick
et, to be made up entirely of whigs. These
gentlemen had been making their proposi
tions to certain democrats for the vote of
the party of the county, and he should re
gard an affimative vote upon the motion
now before the house as the assent of this
meeting that the party might be told out, body,
boots and breeches, and transferred to anti
Maine Law whiggery.' As an humble mem
ber of the party, he protested against such a
sale and transfer. He was opposed to the
Maine Law, but he was still more strongly
opposed to the plan of transferring the party
to the support of whigs who had lost favor
and cast with their own party, and who
were willing to lead the democracy against
their old friends, provided tney could nave
the offices and the honors. He wanted the
democracy to nominate a ticket, and to
stand bv it to the last. If beaten, at least
self-respect and honor would be left but if
sold tut by leaders ana transferred like cattle,
what honest democrat but would hide his head
in shame.
"The motion cf Capt. Murphy was then
put and declared carried by the Chair, and
the meeting adjourned." - ,
Now, we have no interest in this matter
farther than our temperance principles carry
us ; and as we have about seven hundred
subscribers in Oreen, we feel it to be our
duty to give them correct information, no
matter which party is injured. The remark
of Capt. Murphy, that "he could go almost
anything rather than see a Mains Law man
elected," is in very bad taste, and to defeat
him, he is willing to swallow a 'live Whig,'
whisky and all!
Let the temperance Democrats imitate
the captain's example in one thing lay
aside all political prejudices, and vote for
Dr. Greene, who is pledged to support the
Maine Law. This appears to be the only
question at issue, so far aa the election of
Senator and Representative ia concerned.
We hope that every friend of the Law will
stand by Dr. Greene, as there will be a
tremendous effort on the part of whiBky
Whigs and Democrats to defeat him. The
line has been drawn by our opponents, and
temperance men owe it to themselves, and
to the honor and glory of their country, to
defeat this unholy alliance.
Cause and Effect.
We extract the following from the Indi
ana "(Jhart
"Dr. Soule, a son of Bishop Soule, was
found in the yard of Mr. Cobura, on last
Wednesday morning, nearly dead from an
attack of delirium tremens. He died before
he could be taken home. We understand
that his family are in Ohio at present He
has long been of intemperate habits. He
came to this city about eighteen years ago,
ana, we Deueve, engaged lor a wain ia me
practice of his profession, which was den
tistry ; but his intemperate habits soon
strengthened upon him, until he could do
nothing at it. He has been for a long time
doing nothing for himself or anybody else
a useless member of society, being a great
part of Ue time under the influence of al
cohol." , i , i
D" George F. Brooks and James B. Hee
nan, citizens of Zanesville, Ohio, died re
cently in New Orleans, of, yellow fever.
They were both most excellent young men.
, r
CT Ill-gotten goods prosper not long.
Temperance and the IZaine Law.
' Intelligent men are just now giving much
serious thought to the subject of Txupia.
ahob LioieLATioN. The text which they
adopt, as the basis of their reflections, is
wnat is designated as the name Law. As
suming, as many do, not only that the ob
ject proposed by the law la a good one, but
wi mid uiBBUB wnicu lb uviut:a nro con-
sistent with the principles of right, and the
best that can be devised to secure the end
in view, the question appears to be, "can it
be carried into effect ?' 1
Well, can the Maine Law be carried into
effect in Ohio ? The reply is, almost in
variably, "We fear it cannot." Why? "Be
cause," say oar thinking friends, "the
minds of the people are net prepared lor
it." Now, while we sympathise to the
fullest possible degree With the philanthro
pic desires or our temperance inenus, we
must be permitted to say that we fear the
idea set forth above is illogical that it is
founded on incorrect views of man's nature,
and of in imnroDer aRtimate of the power
of law and the functions of legislation. If
assumes that a time for the reception of the
Maine Law may arrive when it provisions
will fully harmonize with the genius of the
w ny are tne people oi unio not prepare
for the reception of the Maine Law ? Is
. .. i r A. . . 1
there any want of knowledge of the evils of
intemperance ? mere cannot oe. r ii mere
is a subject within the whole range of hu
man knowledge, upon which the masses in
the United States may be said to be fully
advised, Instructed and Indoctrinated, it is
that of the evils of intemperance. All that
the popular mind can contain of facts, sta
tistics and illustrations, it has. It under
stands intemperance, individually and col
lectively, as a private vice, and as a great
national curse, evil and sin. The drunk
ards that reel along the streets admit all
that can be charged against intoxicating
drinks. No, it is not for the want of the
knowledge of the evils of intemperance that
the people of Ohio are not prepared to re
ceive the Maine Law ; for if more knowl
edge is required, it will be necessary to
await the enlargement of the human capaci
ty, before the Taw and the popular condi
tion can be expected to coincide and har
monize. Is there any want of conviction of the sin
of making, vending, and above all, of drink
ing intoxioating things? We say, no.
Starting from tne farthest corner of the
whisky region, and canvassing the entire
population, from thence to the great centre
of the rectifying trade in Cincinnati, you
will scarcely find a man who is not ready
to admit that the tnakinir is wrone. tiie sell
ing is wrong, and the drinking is wrong ;
that they are all offenses against the obli
gations or man, ana sins against uoo. ,
: Then wherein consists the want of pre
sent preparation to be supplied by any
probable revolution in sentiment or opinion?
Will a greater amount of enlightenment
will more facts, more statistics, more tem
perance lectures, bring whisky-makers to a
more profound sense of their responsibili
ties teach whisky-sellers to respect more
tenderly the flaws and feelings of human
ity, or induce whisky-drinkers to refrain
from putting that enemy in their mouths,
which they know will steal away their
brains i : Will all these appliances ever in
duce these three great classes to join in
praying for a law that shall strangle the
worm of the distillery, cork np the cask of
the vender, and put a stopper upon the
mouth of the soul who thirsts? We are
afraid not. i ; . ,
. In point of actual knowledge and specu
lative belief, as preparing the way for the
reception of the Maine Law;, Ohio is about
all she can be expected to be ; and yet, our
thinking friends fear we are not prepared.
And in that opinion we suspect they are
right. Now, admitting that the Maine Law
is proper and consistent with the constitu
tion of humanity, what further preparation
is there to be realized, or can we expect ?
Fact and opinion, knowledge and belief.
we have what more can we have ?
We answer, a revival of the sentiment of
temperance as a living principle in the hearts
of the people. Hers is the root and founda
tion of all temperance reform, and that we
have not If we had it, the cold water re
formation, inspired with a force of its own,
would move forward and worn out its tri
umphs without the assistance of legislation
of any kind. In short, in order to be pre
pared to carry the Maine Law into effect,
we require precisely that state of things
which will render it unnecessary. Is it not
ro, Messrs. Maine Law advocates! In the
midst of all your zeal do you not feel it so 1
And is there not, with you, a lingering fear
that you are traveling in the wrong di
rection ? ' s -
If the Maine Law were made the law of
the SUte to-day, there would be little or
no resistance to its execution, and yet it
would not be executed.'1 It would not be
resisted because people believe that whisky
making, whisky-helling and whisky-drinking
are wrong; it would not be executed
because the people are not convinced that
laws to restrain whisky-making, whisky
selling aad whisky-drinking are right. God
ku divided the function of legislation be
tween nimseu anq manxind. He has al
lowed the human law-giver to legislate 1
against and punish those offenses which er ,
direct infractions of the social obligations t
.i l u. ;i .. ' .
wuiw wuprcm win iirev injury is upon tne
perpetrator, he has reserved fpr retribution ' 1 '
at his own hand. Of the first class, mur
der leads the catalogue ; suicide of the
second. Now we are but a student in
ethics, and only speak didactically because
it saves oircumuwuuun. i nere are men -who
have devoted much time to the subject
of temperance legislation ; and yet we have
never seen an essay wherein it was attempt-
ed to define the line where human legisla- .
tion upon morals should stop. There is
such a question, and it is an important one?
Another view : Does not that very gen
eral opinion that the law cannot be carried
into effect, indicate something else besides
the want of a proper sense in regard to the
evils of intemperance among the people ,
When laws of great stringency are passed
especially those in restraint of individual
vice they are not, in general, executed. It
la a reason very easily given for this state of
things, that "our moral standard Is too low
to permit a law so good to be carried into
effect ;" but is it always the true one ?
Laws are inefficacious for other reasons
because they bver punish, and because they
meaaie wnu mat wnicn numan legislatures '
have no right to touch. People feel when
they do not reason, and feeling, always ac-,
ting upon trne premises, while reason often '
predicates its action upon wrong ones, is
frequently right, and overrules the intellect ;
and from what we can learn, the Maine
Law in its own State is already being re-,
pealed by the feeling of the people, who are
convinced that it is somehow wrong In
principle, though they may not have been
able to suggest a single argument to prove .
it so Cincinnati Commercial. ,r
We believe that the argument of the
"Commercial" is about half right. There
is no doubt but that a thorough and uni
versal ''revival of the sentiment of temper
ance, as a living principle, In the hearts of
the people,'! would do away with the ne-v
cessity of law on this subject So if the
cardinal virtues of heaven were in the hearts
of all men, earth would be a "paradise,'' the
home of peace, and men, like "angels, '
could dwell harmoniously together without
the aid of law. . This is going to the very
bottom of the whole matter. But the mis
fortune is, men are depraved. They will
stand "unmoved" and witness the burning
incu.bus sweep away the ranks of their fel
lows I they see its blighting march, they
acknowledge its deadly effects ; and though
they may fear its ravages, yet a "pure" and
"holy" zeal for its eradication is seldom
found.' It would be precisely the same
method of reasoning to argue that, if there,
existed a "virgin" sentiment in regard to
all criminal misdemeanors, there would be
no necessity of law to regulate them, as that
such a sentiment will regulate (he traffic in
intoxicating beverages. We admit that
that would be the best of all remedies ; but
in this sin-stricken world we cannot hope
for such a state of things. We must have
human laws to help society along. We ac
knowledge that "God has divided the func
tion of legislation between himself and
mankind ; and we mistrust very seriously
that you will seldom ever find two men
who will agree on the exact mark at which
human legislation should cease, and God'
law begin, although such a mark exists.
But, as the "Commercial" says, "he has al
lowed the heman lawgiver to legislate
against and punish those offenses which are
direct infractions of , the social obligation.''
And if the liquor traffic be not an infraction
of this obligation, in the name of heaven,
we would ask, what is ? We do not agree
with the "Commercial," that the Maine
Law would be inefficacious . because the
people would think it wrong to execute it.
A majority of the people are becoming so
well convinced of the dreadful state of in
temperance to which society is tending, that
they would feel it their duty to execute it.
It is hard to see a miserable creature strung
np between the' earth and heavens, for wil
fully poisoning one of his fellow-creatures ;
but no one. shrinks from, it as wrong, be
cause it is in accordance with reason and
law, both human and divine. He who
deals out ardent spirits to his fellow-men, is
virtually poisoning . them, giving them a
drug which eats out their life' vitality by
degrees Then why should it seem unjust
or inhuman that he should also be punished
to the measure of his guilt ? It is a mistake

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